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1.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate predictive value of CT-based radiomics features on visceral pleural invasion (VPI) in ≤3.0 cm peripheral type early non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: A total of 221 NSCLC cases were collected. Among them, 115 are VPI-positive and 106 are VPI-negative. Using a stratified random sampling method, 70% cases were assigned to training dataset (n = 155) and 30% cases (n = 66) were assigned to validation dataset. First, CT findings, imaging features, clinical data and pathological findings were retrospectively analyzed, the size, location and density characteristics of nodules and lymph node status, the relationship between lesions and pleura (RAP) were assessed, and their mean CT value and the shortest distance between lesions and pleura (DLP) were measured. Next, the minimum redundancy-maximum relevance (mRMR) and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) features were extracted from the imaging features. Then, CT imaging prediction model, texture feature prediction model and joint prediction model were built using multifactorial logistic regression analysis method, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was applied to evaluate model performance in predicting VPI. RESULTS: Mean diameter, density, fractal relationship with pleura, and presence of lymph node metastasis were all independent predictors of VPI. When applying to the validation dataset, the CT imaging model, texture feature model, and joint prediction model yielded AUC = 0.882, 0.824 and 0.894, respectively, indicating that AUC of the joint prediction model was the highest (p <  0.05). CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates that the joint prediction model containing CT morphological features and texture features enables to predict the presence of VPI in early NSCLC preoperatively at the highest level.

2.
Front Oncol ; 12: 943415, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936673

RESUMO

Objectives: The study aims to investigate the value of a convolutional neural network (CNN) based on dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in predicting malignancy of breast lesions. Methods: We developed a CNN model based on DCE-MRI to characterize breast lesions. Between November 2018 and October 2019, 6,165 slices of 364 lesions (234 malignant, 130 benign) in 364 patients were pooled in the training/validation set. Lesions were semi-automatically segmented by two breast radiologists using ITK-SNAP software. The standard of reference was histologic consequences. Algorithm performance was evaluated in an independent testing set of 1,560 slices of 127 lesions in 127 patients using weighted sums of the area under the curve (AUC) scores. Results: The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.955 for breast cancer prediction while the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were 90.3, 96.2, and 79.0%, respectively, in the slice-based method. In the case-based method, the efficiency of the model changed by adjusting the standard for the number of positive slices. When a lesion with three or more positive slices was determined as malignant, the sensitivity was above 90%, with a specificity of nearly 60% and an accuracy higher than 80%. Conclusion: The CNN model based on DCE-MRI demonstrated high accuracy for predicting malignancy among the breast lesions. This method should be validated in a larger and independent cohort.

3.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 868484, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936778

RESUMO

Inflammatory responses induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) play a critical role in the progression of vascular dementia. Stimulator of interferon genes (STING) signaling function as a key mediator of inflammation and immunological responses in the central nervous system (CNS), and resveratrol (RES) exerts potent anti-inflammatory effects. However, the role of STING signaling and the relationship between RES and STING signaling in persistent hypoperfusion-induced cerebral inflammation remain unclear. In this study, Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to either Sham or bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2VO) surgery and received RES or vehicle daily by intraperitoneal injection for 4 or 8 weeks. Morris's water maze was used for the analysis of cognitive function. The neuroinflammatory responses in white matter and hippocampus of the rat brain were assessed by Western blot, Immunofluorescence staining, and qRT-PCR analyses. Myelin integrity, neutrophil infiltration, and microglia proliferation were assessed by Immunohistochemistry and histologic analysis. We demonstrated that after CCH, neurons, microglia, and astrocyte under endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress upregulated the expression of STING, TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1), and the transcription factor interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), as well as translocation of IRF3 into the nucleus. These were accompanied by infiltration of neutrophils, activation of microglia, and overproduction of proinflammatory mediators. Improvements in cognitive deficits were related to reduced hippocampal neuronal cell death and increased myelin integrity in RES-treated rats. The neuroprotective effects of RES were associated with suppression of the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), VCAM-1, interferon-ß (IFN-ß), and IL-1ß, likely through mitigation of the STING/TBK1/IRF3 pathway. These inhibitory effects exerted by RES also inhibited the levels of myeloperoxidase, reduced excess expression of reactive astrocytes, and activated microglia. In conclusion, the STING/TBK1/IRF3 axis may be critical for proinflammatory responses in cerebral tissue with persistent hypoperfusion, and RES exerts its anti-inflammatory effects by suppressing STING/TBK1/IRF3 signaling.

4.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 2959846, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909886

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Dysregulation of messenger RNAs (mRNA) has been recognized to be associated with HCC carcinogenesis and development. Polypeptide GalNAc Transferase 6 (GALNT6), an O-type glycosyltransferase, has been confirmed as tumor promoter in different cancers. However, the function of GALNT6 in HCC remains to be studied. Methods: RT-qPCR and western blot experiments were, respectively, performed for evaluating RNA expressions and protein levels. Supported by bioinformatics analysis, mechanism assays were conducted for validating the potential relation between different genes. Functional assays were implemented to analyze HCC cell migration and invasion after different transfections. Results: GALNT6 was aberrantly upregulated in HCC cells. Knockdown of GALNT6 could repress HCC cell migration and invasion. RUNX3 was verified to bind to GALNT6 promoter and activate GALNT6 transcription. GALNT6 depletion led to inhibited O-glycosylation and aggravated degradation of MUC1. MUC1 overexpression could rescue the impeded HCC cell migration and invasion induced by GALNT6 knockdown. Conclusion: To sum up, GALNT6 transcriptionally activated by RUNX3 mediated the O-glycosylation of MUC1, thus exerting promoting influence on HCC cell migration and invasion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Mucina-1 , N-Acetilgalactosaminiltransferases , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glicosilação , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Mucina-1/metabolismo , N-Acetilgalactosaminiltransferases/genética , N-Acetilgalactosaminiltransferases/metabolismo
5.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(13)2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35806542

RESUMO

Laser surface texture is very effective in antifriction systems, but its applications and research in dry friction are not enough. In this study, the groove texture was prepared on the surface of 0Cr17Ni7Al stainless steel, a common material of sliding bearing, by nanosecond and femtosecond laser, respectively. The tribological properties of the two kinds of laser groove textures with different collision frequencies were studied in depth. The results show that the friction coefficients of groove texture prepared by nanosecond and picosecond lasers are lower than that of the untextured surface. The antifriction characteristics of the laser texture are very good. The average friction coefficient of nanosecond texture at the rotation radius of 15 mm is Z = 0.7318. The best friction-reducing effect is achieved. In general, the friction coefficient of nanosecond texture is lower than that of picosecond texture. When the friction radius is 22.5 mm and the number of collisions is 24,000, the lowest picosecond texture wear rate is H = 3.342 × 10-4 mm3/N·mm. However, when the radius is 15 mm and the collision frequency is 36,000 times, the wear rate of nanosecond texture reaches the highest H = 13.680 × 10-4 mm3/N·mm. The wear rate of the untextured surface has been exceeded. It can be seen that not all rotation radius textures are more wear-resistant than untextured surfaces. In addition, nanosecond groove texture and picosecond groove texture seem to produce different tribological properties. It is found that, under the same friction experimental conditions, different collision frequencies will affect the friction and wear properties of nanosecond and picosecond groove-textured surfaces.

6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(13)2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35808309

RESUMO

The concept of synergy has drawn attention and been applied to lower limb assistive devices such as exoskeletons and prostheses for improving human-machine interaction. A better understanding of the influence of gait kinematics on synergies and a better synergy-modeling method are important for device design and improvement. To this end, gait data from healthy, amputee, and stroke subjects were collected. First, continuous relative phase (CRP) was used to quantify their synergies and explore the influence of kinematics. Second, long short-term memory (LSTM) and principal component analysis (PCA) were adopted to model interlimb synergy and intralimb synergy, respectively. The results indicate that the limited hip and knee range of motions (RoMs) in stroke patients and amputees significantly influence their synergies in different ways. In interlimb synergy modeling, LSTM (RMSE: 0.798° (hip) and 1.963° (knee)) has lower errors than PCA (RMSE: 5.050° (hip) and 10.353° (knee)), which is frequently used in the literature. Further, in intralimb synergy modeling, LSTM (RMSE: 3.894°) enables better synergy modeling than PCA (RMSE: 10.312°). In conclusion, stroke patients and amputees perform different compensatory mechanisms to adapt to new interlimb and intralimb synergies different from healthy people. LSTM has better synergy modeling and shows a promise for generating trajectories in line with the wearer's motion for lower limb assistive devices.


Assuntos
Amputados , Tecnologia Assistiva , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Marcha , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior
7.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2022 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatitis is a common disease of the digestive system. Acute pancreatitis is one of the most common reasons for gastrointestinal hospital admission, and chronic pancreatitis significantly reduces quality of life. However, national epidemiological data on pancreatitis in China are lacking. This study aimed to quantify the disease burden of pancreatitis in China from 1990 to 2019. METHODS: This study was based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 dataset. Age-standardized rates of incidence (ASIR), prevalence (ASPR), mortality (ASMR), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) were used to describe the disease burden of pancreatitis, and estimated annual percentage change (EAPC) was used to indicate the average change in age-standardized rates. We also described the trend of pancreatitis-related mortality and DALYs, which are attributable to alcohol use by age and sex. RESULTS: From 1990 to 2019, the ASIR, ASPR, ASMR, and age-standardized DALYs of pancreatitis in China decreased by 10.90, 1.50, 0.49, and 15.54 per 100,000, respectively, with EAPCs of -1.35 (95% uncertainty interval [UI]: -1.67, -1.02) and -0.37 (95% UI: -0.43, -0.31), -2.01 (95% UI: -2.07, -1.94) and -2.32 (95% UI: -2.37, -2.28), respectively. Recently, the numbers of incident and prevalent cases have risen, with estimates of 380,018 (95% UI: 308,669-462,767) and 493,765 (95% UI: 416,705-578,675), respectively, in 2019. Among men, the disease burden of pancreatitis was more severe than among women, and with variances in the distribution among different age groups. Age-standardized DALYs caused by alcohol-related pancreatitis have gradually worsened in the past decade, accounting for 34.09% of the total in 2019. CONCLUSIONS: The disease burden of pancreatitis in China has declined in the past 30 years, but the exacerbation of population aging poses a challenge to prevention and control of pancreatitis. Alcohol use has gradually become an important factor in the disease burden of pancreatitis in recent years.

8.
Biomater Adv ; 139: 212979, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35882135

RESUMO

Cutaneous wound healing, especially diabetic wound healing, is a common clinical problem. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and bacterial infection are two major factors in the induction of oxidative stress and inflammation, leading to impeded angiogenesis and wound healing. However, it is still very difficult to reverse the harsh microenvironment of chronic inflammation and excessive oxidative stress on diabetic wound. Itaconate, an endogenous metabolite, has recently attracted extensive attention as a critical immune-regulator. In this study, we used 4-octyl itaconate (4OI), a cell-permeable itaconate derivative, to have antioxidative and anti-inflammatory functions for diabetic wound regeneration. Simultaneously, an injectable, self-healing, and antibacterial dynamic coordinative hydrogel was manufactured by binding the 4-arm polyethylene glycol (PEG) with silver nitrate to deliver the bioactive molecule. In vitro experiments confirmed that 4OI@PEG hydrogel could inhibit bacterial growth, protect human umbilical vein endothelial cells from ROS damage and enhance neovascularization. In addition, the hydrogel increased mitochondrial polarization and reduced mitochondrial fragmentation by activating the Keap1-Nrf2 antioxidant defense system. In vivo experiments proved that this multifunctional hydrogel facilitated diabetic wound healing by inhibiting local inflammation and promoting angiogenesis. Collectively, 4OI-loaded multifunctional materials could reverse various unfavorable microenvironments, such as excessive oxidative stress, inflammation, and infection, and can promote neovascularization; thus, such materials show great promise for the treatment of diabetic ulcers.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hidrogéis , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Inflamação , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Succinatos , Cicatrização
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35796451

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The COL4A family genes (COL4As) are a set of extracellular matrix-related genes that have been proved a tight relationship among various cancers. However, the functional role of different COL4As (COL4A1/2/3/4/5/6) in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is unclear. METHODS: We obtained the data from online open-access databases including ONCOMINE, UALCAN, GEPIA, Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), cBioPortal, METASCAPE, STRING, TIMER, GSCALite, MEXPRESS, and TISIDB to explore the correlation between COL4As expression and genome-wide difference, progression, prognosis, genetic mutation, functional enrichment, tumor immune microenvironment, and methylation in ccRCC patients. RESULTS: The significantly higher COL4A1/2 expression and lower COL4A3/4/5/6 expression were observed in ccRCC tissues than in normal kidney tissues. Transcriptomic levels of COL4A1/2/3/4 were significantly correlated with tumor grade and stage. The higher expression levels of COL4A1/2/3/4 were accompanied by a longer overall survival time (OS); the higher expression levels of COL4A3/4 with lower expression levels of COL4A5 were associated with a longer disease-free time (DFS). Univariate/multivariate regression model analysis showed that COL4A4 could be a potential independent biomarker for ccRCC prognosis. And a high mutation rate (29%) of COL4As was observed in ccRCC patients. However, there were no relationships between mutation rates of COL4As and OS, DFS in ccRCC patients (p>0.05). Besides, we founded that the COL4As expressions were significant associated with the infiltration of the immune cells, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, three immunomodulators (immunoinhibitory, immunostimulator, MHC molecule), chemokines, and receptors. CONCLUSION: The results suggested that the transcript levels of COL4As could act as potential indicators for early disease progression. The expression of COL4A4 could contribute directly to disease prognosis. Besides, COL4A1/2/3/4 widely participated in tumor immunity. However, further studies are needed to confirm their clinical values in the ccRCC patients.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(14)2022 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35891020

RESUMO

The development of a reusable and low-cost urine glucose sensor can benefit the screening and control of diabetes mellitus. This study focused on the feasibility of employing microbial fuel cells (MFC) as a selective glucose sensor for continuous monitoring of glucose levels in human urine. Using MFC technology, a novel cylinder sensor (CS) was developed. It had a quick response time (100 s), a large detection range (0.3-5 mM), and excellent accuracy. More importantly, the CS could last for up to 5 months. The selectivity of the CS was validated by both synthetic and actual diabetes-negative urine samples. It was found that the CS's selectivity could be significantly enhanced by adjusting the concentration of the culture's organic matter. The CS results were comparable to those of a commercial glucose meter (recovery ranged from 93.6% to 127.9%) when the diabetes-positive urine samples were tested. Due to the multiple advantages of high stability, low cost, and high sensitivity over urine test strips, the CS provides a novel and reliable approach for continuous monitoring of urine glucose, which will benefit diabetes assessment and control.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Automonitorização da Glicemia/métodos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Glucose , Humanos , Sistemas de Infusão de Insulina
11.
Cells ; 11(15)2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35892587

RESUMO

Pluripotency maintenance and exit in embryonic stem cells is a focal topic in stem cell biology. However, the effects of screening under very stringent culture conditions (e.g., differentiation medium, no leukemia inhibitory factor, no chemical inhibitors such as PD0325901 and CHIR99021, and no feeder cells) and of prolonging culture for key factors that regulate pluripotency exit, have not yet been reported. Here, we used a genome-wide CRISPR library to perform such a screen in mouse embryonic stem cells. Naïve NANOG-GFP mESCs were first transfected with a mouse genome-wide CRISPR knockout library to obtain a mutant mESCs library, followed by screening for two months in a strict N2B27 differentiation medium. The clones that survived our stringent screening were analyzed to identify the inserted sgRNAs. In addition to identifying the enriched genes that were reported in previous studies (Socs3, Tsc1, Trp53, Nf2, Tcf7l1, Csnk1a1, and Dhx30), we found 17 unreported genes, among which Zfp771 and Olfr769 appeared to be involved in pluripotency exit. Furthermore, Zfp771 knockout ESCs showed a differentiation delay in embryonic chimera experiments, indicating Zfp771 played an important role in pluripotency exit. Our results show that stringent screening with the CRISPR library can reveal key regulators of pluripotency exit.


Assuntos
Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células-Tronco Embrionárias , Genoma , Camundongos
12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202208040, 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35831687

RESUMO

Platinum on carbon (Pt/C) catalyst is commercially adopted in fuel cells but it undergoes formidable active-site poisoning by carbon monoxide (CO). In particular, given the sluggish kinetics of hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) in anion-exchange membrane fuel cell (AEMFC), the issues of Pt poisoning and slow rate would combine mutually, notably worsening the device performances. Here we overcome these challenges through incorporating cobalt (Co) into molybdenum-nickel alloy (MoNi4 ), termed Co-MoNi4 , which not only shows superior HOR activity over the Pt/C catalyst in alkali, but more intriguingly exhibits excellent CO tolerance with only small activity decay after 10 000 cycles in the presence of 500 parts per million (ppm) CO. When feeding with CO (250 ppm)/H2 , the AEMFC assembled by this catalyst yields a peak power density of 394 mW cm-2 , far exceeding the Pt/C catalyst. Experimental and computational studies reveal that weakened CO chemisorption originates from the electron-deficient Ni sites after Co incorporation that suppresses d→CO 2π* back-donation.

13.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 7115181, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35872700

RESUMO

Objective: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is closely related to immune response, in which Treg cells (Tregs) suppress the autoimmune response of effector T cells to maintain homeostasis. As a marker of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS), HSPA5 was highly expressed in the colon tissue of UC patients. This study is aimed at evaluating the therapeutic effect of HSPA5 inhibitor (HA15) on dextran sulfate sodium- (DSS-) induced ulcerative colitis in mice and explored the effect and related mechanism of HSPA5 inhibitor on the differentiation and function of Tregs. Methods: Thirty-two C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups (8 mice per group): normal control group, DSS model group, HSPA5 inhibitor (HA15) group (intraperitoneal injection), and dexamethasone (DXM) group (intraperitoneal injection). Except for the blank control group, the other groups were induced with 3% DSS for 7 days and then given corresponding intervention therapy for 7 days. Results: The disease activity index (DAI) score, colon length, histopathological changes, and scores of DSS-induced mice show that HA15 could significantly improve the degree of inflammation in ulcerative colitis. Moreover, HA15 can better inhibit the expression of HSPA5, HSPA1A, and CHIP in the colon and increase the level of FOXP3 mRNA. Finally, the content of Treg cells and the levels of IL-10 and TGF-ß1 were significantly increased, and the levels of IL-6 were significantly reduced. Conclusions: HA15 can improve the differentiation and function of Treg cells by inhibiting the HSPA1A/CHIP pathway, thereby improving ulcerative colitis. Therefore, inhibiting the expression of HSPA5 may serve as a new approach to treat ulcerative colitis.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Sulfato de Dextrana , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Colo/patologia , Sulfato de Dextrana/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais
14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 129(2): 027201, 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35867446

RESUMO

All-electrical writing and reading of spin states attract considerable attention for their promising applications in energy-efficient spintronics devices. Here we show, based on rigorous first-principles calculations, that the spin properties can be manipulated and detected in molecular spinterfaces, where an iron tetraphenyl porphyrin (FeTPP) molecule is deposited on boron-substituted graphene (BG). Notably, a reversible spin switching between the S=1 and S=3/2 states is achieved by a gate electrode. We can trace the origin to a strong hybridization between the Fe-d_{z^{2}} and B-p_{z} orbitals. Combining density functional theory with nonequilibrium Green's function formalism, we propose an experimentally feasible three-terminal setup to probe the spin state. Furthermore, we show how the in-plane quantum transport for the BG, which is non-spin polarized, can be modified by FeTPP, yielding a significant transport spin polarization near the Fermi energy (>10% for typical coverage). Our work paves the way to realize all-electrical spintronics devices using molecular spinterfaces.

15.
Chem Rec ; : e202200127, 2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35876392

RESUMO

In recent years, the driving range of electric vehicles (EVs) has been dramatically improved. But the large-scale adoption of EVs still is hindered by long charging time. The high-energy LIBs are unable to be safely fast-charged due to their electrode materials with unsatisfactory rate performance. Thus it is necessary to summarize the properties of cathode and anode materials of fast-charging LIBs. In this review, we summarize the background, the fundamentals, electrode materials and future development of fast-charging LIBs. First, we introduce the research background and the physicochemical basics for fast-charging LIBs. Second, typical cathode materials of LIBs and the method to enhancing their fast-charging properties are discussed. Third, the anode materials of LIBs and the strategies for improving their fast-charging performance are analyzed. Finally, the future development of the cathode materials in fast-charging LIBs is prospected.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35877795

RESUMO

Interictal epileptiform spike (referred to as spike) detected from electroencephalograms lasting only 20- to 200-ms can provide a reliable evidence-based indicator for clinical seizure type diagnosis. Recent feature representation approaches focus either on the concrete-level or on abstract-level information mining of the spike, thus demonstrating suboptimal detection performance. Additionally, existing abstract-level information mining methods of the spike based deep learning networks have not realized the effective feature representation of long-term dependent distinguished information within similar waveform cycles caused by morphological heterogeneity, which affects detection performance. Thus, a multilevel feature learning method for accurate spike detection was proposed in this study. Specifically, the spatio-temporal-frequency multidomain information in concrete-level first are inferred the common mimetic properties of the spike using the multidomain feature extractors. Then, the effective feature representation of long-term dependent distinguished information within similar waveform cycles caused by morphological heterogeneity is suitably captured using the temporal convolutional network. Finally, the spatio-temporal-frequency multidomain long-term dependent feature representation of spike is calculated using the element-wise manner to fuse the feature representation in concrete- and abstract-levels. The experimental results indicate that the proposed method can achieve an accuracy of 90.62±1.38%, sensitivity of 90.38±1.52%, specificity of 91.00±1.60%, precision of 90.33±4.71%, and the false detection rate per minute is 0.148±0.020m-1, which are higher than when using the feature representation in the concrete- or abstract-level alone. Additionally, the detection results indicate that the proposed method avoids the subjectivity and inefficiency of visual inspection, and it enables a highly accurate detection of the spike.

17.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 416, 2022 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35842416

RESUMO

We present a dataset combining high-density Electroencephalography (HD-EEG, 128-channels) and mouse-tracking intended as a resource for examining the dynamic decision process of semantics and preference choices in the human brain. The dataset includes resting-state and task-related (food preference choices and semantic judgments) EEG acquired from 31 individuals (ages: 18-33). Along with the dataset, we also provided the preliminary microstate analysis of resting-state EEG and the ERPs, topomap, and time-frequency maps of the task-related EEG. We believe that the simultaneous mouse-tracking and EEG recording would crack the core components of binary choices and further index the temporal dynamics of decision making and response hesitation. This publicly available dataset could support the development of neural signal processing methods in motor EEG, thus advancing research in both the decision neuroscience and brain-computer interface (BCI) applications.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Eletroencefalografia , Adolescente , Adulto , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Mapeamento Encefálico , Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Humanos , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Adulto Jovem
18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 916145, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35872768

RESUMO

Objective: To identify the pathological classification of benign ureteral strictures according to the histological features and explore the relationship between various pathological types and inflammatory cells, fibroblasts, and collagen. Patients and Methods: Thirty one specimens from patients diagnosed with ureteral strictures between 2013 and 2021 were included and classified according to the histopathological characteristics. The number of fibroblasts and inflammatory cells was counted, and the proportion of type I and type III collagen in ureteral stricture tissues was detected by picrosirius red staining. Results: We identified three types of benign ureteral strictures in 31 specimens: inflammatory cell infiltration (n = 10, 32%), fibroplasia (n = 14, 45%), and hyalinization (n = 7, 23%), with significant differences in obstruction history and hydronephrosis grades among the three types. The number of inflammatory cells (lymphocytes, neutrophils and eosinophils) was significantly lower in hyalinization ureteral strictures than in the other two types (p < 0.05). The number of foreign-body giant cells associated with foreign-body reactions increased significantly in suture-induced ureteral strictures (p < 0.05). Fibroplasia type had the largest number of fibroblasts, whereas the other two types had smaller numbers. The results of type I and III collagen analysis showed that type I and III collagen were the most abundant in hyalinization among all ureteral stricture types (p < 0.05). Compared to ureteral strictures, the content of type I and III collagen in atresia increased significantly (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Common pathological types of benign ureteral strictures include inflammatory cell infiltration, fibroplasia, and hyalinization. Changes in type I and III collagen, inflammatory cells, and fibroblasts in different pathological types may be related to the progression of ureteral strictures.

19.
Autophagy ; : 1-16, 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35786405

RESUMO

Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), also known as premature ovarian failure, is an ovarian defect in humans characterized by the premature depletion of ovarian follicles before the age of 40. However, the mechanisms underlying POI remain largely unknown. Here, we show that knockout of Epg5 (ectopic P-granules autophagy protein 5 homolog (C. elegans)) results in subfertility in female mice, which exhibit a POI-like phenotype. Single-cell RNA sequencing analysis revealed that the knockout of Epg5 affected the differentiation of granulosa cells (GCs). Further investigation demonstrated that knockout of Epg5 blocks macroautophagic/autophagic flux, resulting in the accumulation of WT1 (WT1 transcription factor), an essential transcription factor for GCs, suggesting WT1 needs to be selectively degraded by the autophagy pathway. We found that the insufficient degradation of WT1 in the antral follicular stage contributes to reduced expression of steroidogenesis-related genes, thereby disrupting GC differentiation. Collectively, our studies show that EPG5 promotes WT1 degradation in GCs, indicating that the dysregulation of Epg5 in GCs can trigger POI pathogenesis.Abbreviations: 3-MA, 3-methyladenine; CHX, cycloheximide; CQ, chloroquine; EPG5, ectopic P-granules autophagy protein 5 homolog (C. elegans); GC, granulosa cell; MAP1LC3/LC3, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3; MII, metaphase II; POI, primary ovarian insufficiency; PB1, polar body 1; SQSTM1/p62, sequestosome 1; WT1, WT1 transcription factor.

20.
Chembiochem ; : e202200266, 2022 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35816406

RESUMO

Cancer-associated alterations to glycosylation have been shown to aid cancer development and progression. An increased abundance of high mannose N-glycans has been observed in several cancers. Here, we describe the preparation of lectin drug conjugates (LDCs) that permit toxin delivery to cancer cells presenting high mannose N-glycans. Additionally, we demonstrate that cancer cells presenting low levels of high mannose N-glycans can be rendered sensitive to the LDCs by co-treatment with a type I mannosidase inhibitor. Our findings establish that an increased abundance of high mannose N-glycans in the glycocalyx of cancer cells can be leveraged to enable toxin delivery.

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