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1.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(9): 4642-4651, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Glucose is not only an energy source but also raw material for proteoglycan biosynthesis of chondrocyte. The aim of the present study is to explore the role of QNZ in the progress of chondrocytes glucose uptake and investigate whether it will improve the chondrocytes degeneration through Glut4 activation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We isolated human chondrocytes from the cartilage by the patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty operations. Chondrocytes were pretreated with insulin or QNZ for 24 h. The uptake of glucose with stimulation, as well as the expression of Glut4, collagen II, aggrecan, MMP13, TNF-α, PCNA, and the p16 levels were determined by Western blot, quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), or immunofluorescence. RESULTS: Both insulin and QNZ stimuli to chondrocytes contributed to the expression of Glut4 and glucose uptake compared to the normal cells. Additionally, collagen II and aggrecan expression was detected to a significant increase, along with the reduced levels of MMP13 and TNF-α after exposed to QNZ. Moreover, QNZ protected chondrocytes degeneration via promoting proliferation and delaying aging. After blocking Glut4, the glucose uptake significantly reduced in QNZ treatment, as well as the expression of collagen II and aggrecan. However, no significant changes were noticed in the MMP13 and TNF-α levels. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that inhibition of NF-κB activation by QNZ would improve the glucose uptake through Glut4 activation, which plays an important role in the protection of chondrocytes degeneration.

2.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(0): E018, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32455515

RESUMO

Objective: To analyse the clinical history, laboratory tests and pathological data of a patient who suffered from novel coronavirus pneumonia(COVID-19) and provide reference for the clinical treatment of similar cases. Methods: Data of clinical manifestation, laboratory examination, bronchoscopy, echocardiography and cardiopulmonary pathological results were retrospectively reviewed in a case of COVID-19 with rapid exacerbation from mild to critical condition. Results: This patient hospitalized at day 9 post 2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV) infection, experienced progressive deterioration from mild to severe at day 11, severe to critical at day 18 and underwent extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO) and continuous renal replacement therapy(CRRT) as well as heart lung transplantation during day 28-45 day post infection, and died on the second day post heart and lung transplantation. The patient had suffered from hypertension for 8 years. At the early stage of the disease, his symptoms were mild and the inflammatory indices increased and the lymphocyte count decreased continuously. The patient's condition exacerbated rapidly with multi-organ infections, and eventually developed pulmonary hemorrhage and consolidation, pulmonary hypertension, right heart failure, malignant ventricular arrhythmias, liver dysfunction, etc. His clinical manifestations could not be improved despite viral RNAs test results became negative. The patient underwent lung and heart transplantation and finally died of multi organ failure at the second day post lung and heart transplantation. Pathological examination indicated massive mucus, dark red secretions and blood clots in bronchus. The pathological changes were mainly diffused pulmonary hemorrhagic injuries and necrosis, fibrosis, small vessel disease with cardiac edema and lymphocyte infiltration. Conclusions: The clinical course of COVID-19 can exacerbate rapidly from mild to critical with lung, liver and heart injuries. Steadily increased inflammation indices are suggestive of irreversible disease progression and worse outcome. In the early stages of the disease, the progress of the disease should be closely observed and evaluated, and the factors related to the progress of the disease should be identified and managed.

3.
Science ; 368(6490): 506-509, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32355026

RESUMO

The explicit breaking of the axial symmetry by quantum fluctuations gives rise to the so-called axial anomaly. This phenomenon is solely responsible for the decay of the neutral pion π0 into two photons (γγ), leading to its unusually short lifetime. We precisely measured the decay width Γ of the [Formula: see text] process. The differential cross sections for π0 photoproduction at forward angles were measured on two targets, carbon-12 and silicon-28, yielding [Formula: see text], where stat. denotes the statistical uncertainty and syst. the systematic uncertainty. We combined the results of this and an earlier experiment to generate a weighted average of [Formula: see text] Our final result has a total uncertainty of 1.50% and confirms the prediction based on the chiral anomaly in quantum chromodynamics.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447884

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the non-target metabonomics of serum in worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP) patients with latent tuberculosis and the biomarkers of latent tuberculosis infection of pneumoconiosis. Methods: In December 2018, 39 CWP inpatients from a hospital in Beijing were taken as subjects. The subjects were screened for latent tuberculosis using the in vitro release test of mycobacterium tuberculosis-interferon (IGRAs) test. According to the screening results, 21 positive patients with latent tuberculosis infection were selected as the latent tuberculosis group of pneumoconiosis. While 18 negative patients with CWP alone were selected as the pneumoconiosis group. Polarity components of metabolites were analyzed by UPLC-QTOF/MS. The data was processed with Progenesis QI software for multidimensional statistical analysis. Identification of structure of differential metabolites were matched through accurate mass and secondary mass spectrum. Searching the Human Metabolome Database (HMDB) , differential metabolites were imported into MetaboAnalyst 4.0 to analyze the metabolic pathways. Results: All 42 differential metabolites were screened out. Excepted for exogenous metabolites, 14 endogenous differential metabolites were identified. Compared with the pneumoconiosis group, 6 metabolites including PC [18∶4 (6Z, 9Z, 12Z, 15Z) /P-18∶1 (11Z) ], 3-Oxododecanoyl-CoA in the latent tuberculosis group were up-regulated, while 8 metabolites including the Stearoyl-CoA, (2S) -Pristanoyl-CoA were down-regulated. These results might be related to lipid, fatty acid and arachidonic acid metabolism pathways. Conclusion: There are significant differences in serum metabonomics between the patients with latent tuberculosis of pneumoconiosis and the patients with ordinary pneumoconiosis, which provide a reference for the study of biomarkers for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection of pneumoconiosis.

5.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(4): 295-300, 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234136

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of ketamine in the treatment of refractory status epilepticus (RSE) and super refractory status epilepticus (SRSE) in children. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to collect and analyze the medical data of 18 children with RSE or SRSE who received ketamine in intensive care unit of Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. According to the different regimen of ketamine, all children were divided into the loading-maintenance group (7 cases) and the maintenance group (11 cases). According to the control of status epilepticus, the patients were divided into controlled group (11 cases) and non-responsive group (7 cases).Wilcoxon's rank sum test or Fisher's exact test were used to compare the effectiveness between groups. Results: There were 9 males and 9 females in the study group, aged 6.7 (4.5, 9.0) years. Seven cases had RSE and the remaining had SRSE. Four cases died during hospitalization. After the initiation of ketamine treatment, RSE and SRSE were controlled in 11 children. The duration of ketamine administration was 4 (2, 11) days. The dose was 2.2 (1.2, 5.3) mg/(kg·h) in all patients, and 2.4 (1.3, 6.0) mg/(kg·h), 2.0 (1.0, 4.0) mg/(kg · h) in the controlled and non-responsive group, respectively (Z=-0.272, P=0.791). The RSE or SRSE were terminated in all the 7 patients who received loading dose of ketamine, with the dose of 1.5 (0.3,1.6) mg/kg. In the 11 patients who only received maintenance treatment, 4 had the RSE and SRSE terminated, which showed a significantly lower effectiveness than in loading-maintenance group (7/7 vs. 4/11, P=0.01). Regarding the adverse reactions, saliva secretion increased in 8 children during the ketamine administration, otherwise unremarkable. Conclusion: Loading dose followed by maintenance of ketamine can control children's RSE and SRSE well, without significant adverse reactions.


Assuntos
Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/tratamento farmacológico , Ketamina/administração & dosagem , Estado Epiléptico/tratamento farmacológico , Anticonvulsivantes , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(4): 250-252, 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306616

RESUMO

This article was published ahead of print on the official website of Chinese Jounal of Ophthalmology on February 19, 2020. The prevention and treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-2019) has reached the critical stage in China. Ocular surface represents a possible route for infection. Based on the previous studies and our own research, we summarize the potential transmission route and clinical symptoms of COVID-2019 in the eye, as well as the further prevention and research, with the expectation of contributing to the development in the field of infectious eye disease in China. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56:250-252).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções Oculares/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Betacoronavirus , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , China , Humanos , Pandemias
7.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(3): 236-243, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234182

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety, efficacy and prognosis of antegrade dissection re-entry (ADR) with the assistance of BridgePoint devices in opening coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO). Methods: A total of 87 consecutive patients, who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention using BridgePoint devices from April 2016 to December 2018 in Xijing Hospital, were included in this study. General information of the selected patients, features of CTO lesions and intraoperative parameters were recorded. Short-term outcomes including technical success rate (defined as achieving TIMI 3 blood flow with residual stenosis<30%), surgical success rate (defined as no major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) occured while hospitalized), complications, and MACE during hospitalization were observed. MACE included death, recurrent myocardial infarction, target vascular reconstruction (TVR) and cardiac tamponade. Patients were followed up by outpatient or telephone visits at 30 days and 6, 12, 24 and 36 months after discharge. Results: Eighty-seven patients, aged (61±10) years with J-CTO scores (2.49±0.52) were included, and 75(86%) were male. Six patients underwent direct ADR with BridgePoint system, and all were successful. Eighty-one patients underwent rescue ADR using BridgePoint devices, and 62 of them were successful. The success rate of ADR with BridgePoint devices was 78.2% (68/87). Nine out of the 19 failed cases succeeded after the application of rescue antegrade/retrograde technique. The technical success rate was 88.5% (77/87). Coronary perforation occurred in 2 cases (2.3%), one case was treated with covered stent and the other case with tamponade was treated with pericardiocentesis. One patient developed periprocedural myocardial infarction, and one patient suffered from sudden death, and one patient had cardiac tamponade. In-hospital MACE occurred in 3 (3.4%) patients. The surgical success rate was 85.1% (74/87).The procedure time was (175±72)minutes and the amount of contrast used was (449±155)ml. During a follow-up of 17(11, 26) months, the incidence of MACE within 30 days was 4.7% (4/86), while 10.5% (9/86) within 6 months, 17.4% (15/86) within 17 months. Conclusion: Opening CTO with the assistance of BridgePoint devices is feasible and safe, with high success rate and satisfactory outcome.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Angiografia Coronária , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062899

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a method for the determination of 1-methoxy-2-propanol in urine using headspace solid phase micro-extraction coupled with gas chromatography. Methods: The 1-methoxy-2-propanol was enriched by headspace solid phase micro-extraction fiber coated with carbene/polydimethylsiloxane (CAR/PDMS) . Single factor rotation method was used to optimize the conditions of extraction temperature, salt amount, and extraction time. The separation was performed on DB-5 (30 m×0.32 mm×0.25 µm) capillary column and detected with flame ionization detector. The quantification was based on the standard curve. Results: The concentration of 1-methoxy-2-propanol in urine was linear in the range of 0.50-10.0 mg/L, and the linear correlation coefficient was 0.9993. The detection limit of the method was 0.14 mg/L, and the limit of quantification was 0.45 mg/L. The recovery was 85.8% to 104.7%, and the RSD of intra- and inter-batch precision were 3.25%-6.65% and 0.81%-3.96%, respectively. Conclusion: The method is high sensitivity and simple operation, and is suitable for the determination of 1-methoxy-2-propanol in urine of occupational exposure population.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Gasosa , Propilenoglicóis/urina , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(3): 187-191, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008284

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical outcome of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) retention type and PCL substituting type using Advance(®) Medial Pivot (AMP) inner-axis knee prosthesis. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the cases of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with AMP prosthesis in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2011 to September 2016. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), American Knee Society Knee Score (KSS) clinical scores, KSS functional scores and knee-joint range of motion (ROM) before and after TKA, and Forgotten Joint Scores (FJS) after TKA were collected. The matching group was obtained by 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM). Results: Complete scoring data were obtained in 47 knees of CR group and 1 059 knees of CS group, there were statistical differences in age, sex, body mass index, preoperative WOMAC score, preoperative KSS function score and ROM between the two groups (all P<0.05), except preoperative KSS clinical score (25±4 and 24±7, respectively, t=0.82, P=0.41). With the PSM matching, 37 knees in CR group and 37 knees in CS group were obtained. No significant differences in preoperative indexes were found between the matching groups (all P>0.05). The WOMAC, KSS clinical scores, KSS functional scores and ROM after TKA in each matching group were all much better than those before TKA (all P<0.05); no statistical differences existed in WOMAC, KSS clinical scores, KSS functional scores, ROM and FJS after TKA between the matching groups (all P>0.05). One PCL injury was found in CR matching group after TKA. Incidence of complications in the CR matching group (8.1%) was higher than that in the CS matching group (2.7%), but there was no statistical difference (χ(2)=1.04, P=0.31). Conclusions: When using AMP prosthesis, both CR insert and CS insert can obtain good clinical results in TKA. The potential risk of PCL injury and other complications after CR TKA makes it necessary for surgeons to carefully select an appropriate type of prosthesis.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Ligamento Cruzado Posterior/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Desenho de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 728-734, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016975

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have attracted much attention for their roles in tumor progression. The aim of this study was to investigate the exact role of lncRNA UCA1 in the development of thyroid cancer (TC) and to explore the possible underlying mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: UCA1 expression in both TC cells and tissues was detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). Colony formation assay, cell proliferation, and transwell assay were conducted in vitro. Subsequent luciferase reporter gene assay was applied to investigate the underlying mechanism. Furthermore, the function of UCA1 in vivo was monitored as well. RESULTS: UCA1 expression level in TC samples was significantly higher than that of corresponding normal tissues. After UCA1 was knocked down in vitro and in vivo, the proliferation, migration, and invasion of TC cells were significantly inhibited. Moreover, the expression of miR-497-3p was repressed after the knockdown of UCA1. Furthermore, miR-497-3p was directly targeted by UCA1. CONCLUSIONS: Knockdown of UCA1 could inhibit TC cell proliferation and metastasis via sponging miR-497-3p. Our findings might offer a new therapeutic intervention for TC patients.

12.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(2): 163-169, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074797

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility, safety and long-term efficacy of laparoscopic total gastrectomy combined with distal pancreaticosplenectomy for the treatment of T4b gastric cancer. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Clinical data of consecutive patients with T4b gastric cancer invading pancreatic tail undergoing laparoscopic or open total gastrectomy combined with distal pancreaticosplenectomy from January 2010 to December 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. Enrollment criteria: (1) primary gastric cancer confirmed by pathology as T4b adenocarcinoma; (2) chest+abdominal+pelvic enhanced CT indicated cancer invading pancreatic tail without distant metastasis, and R0 resection was evaluated as feasible before operation; (3) physical status was ECOG score 0 to 2, and was tolerant to operation. Patients with peritoneal implant metastasis and tumor invasion of other organs during operation, or changes in surgical methods for other reasons were excluded. All the operations were performed by the same surgical team, which had the experiences of more than 100 cases of laparoscopic and 100 cases of open radical gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection. The choice of surgical procedure was discussed by the surgeon and the patient, and decided according to the patient's intension. Patients were divided into the laparoscopic group and open group according to the surgical method. Intraoperative and perioperative findings were compared between the two groups. The 3-year disease-free survival rate were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier survival curve and compared by using log-rank test. Results: A total of 37 consecutive patients were enrolled, including 21 in the laparoscopic group and 16 in the open group, and no one receiving laparoscopic procedure was converted to open surgery. The baseline data of two groups were comparable (all P>0.05). Compared with the open group, the laparoscopic group had significantly longer operation time [(264.0±35.1) minutes vs. (226.6±49.9) minutes, t=2.685, P=0.011], significantly less intraoperative blood loss [(65.7±37.4) ml vs. (182.2±94.6) ml, t=-4.658, P<0.001], significantly shorter time to postoperative flatus [(2.8±0.7) days vs. (4.1±0.7) days, t=-5.776, P<0.001] and significantly shorter postoperative hospital stay [(13.3±2.8) days vs. (16.6±4.3) days, t=-2.822, P=0.008]. Morbidity of postoperative complications, including anastomotic leakage, pancreatic fistula, abdominal abscess, intraperitoneal hemorrhage and duodenal stump leakage, in two groups was similar [19.0% (4/21) vs. 4/16, P=0.705]. There were no cases of anastomotic bleeding or stenosis. The 30-day postoperative mortality was 0 in the laparoscopic group and 1/16 in the open group, respectively (P=0.432). The 3-year disease-free survival rates were 38.1% and 37.5% in the laparoscopic and open group, respectively (P=0.751). Conclusion: Laparoscopic total gastrectomy combined with distal pancreaticosplenectomy performed by experienced surgeons for T4b gastric cancer is safe and effective.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Laparoscopia , Pancreatectomia , Esplenectomia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(1): 111-114, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062952

RESUMO

In prospective cohort study, multi follow up is often necessary for study subjects, and the observed values are correlated with each other, usually resulting in time-dependent confounding. In this case, the data generally do not meet the application conditions of traditional multivariate regression analysis. Sequential conditional mean model (SCMM) is a new approach that can deal with time-dependent confounding. This paper mainly summarizes the basic theory, steps and characteristics of SCMM.


Assuntos
Fatores de Confusão Epidemiológicos , Exposição Ambiental , Modelos Estatísticos , Humanos , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(2): 131-136, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074813

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the short-term and long-term results of thoracoscopic and open pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: The clinical data of patients with non-small cell lung cancer who underwent pneumonectomy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Qingdao University Hospital from January 2008 to December 2016 were collected. Totally 142 patients (55 in the thoracoscopic group and 87 in the open group) were included in the study. A total of 29 pairs of patients were successfully matched by propensity score matching (PSM). Perioperative outcomes and overall survival were compared between the two groups using t test, χ(2) test, Kaplan-Meier curve and Log-rank test, respectively. Results: Camparion with open group, the thoracoscopic group had longer operative time ((209.7±70.2) minutes vs. (171.3±43.5) minutes, t=2.50, P=0.02), more mediastinal lymph node dissection (M(Q(R)): 17(9) vs. 11(10), W=388, P=0.02) and shorter postoperative hospital stay (7.0(3.5) vs. 9.0(3.0), W=285, P=0.03). There was no significant difference in estimated blood loss, postoperative drainage time, dissected lymph node number, dissected lymph node station and perioperative complications. After PSM, there were no signifificant differences found in 3-year survival (71.4% vs. 48.1%, P=0.10) and 3-year disease-free survival (67.4% vs. 47.2%, P=0.13) between the two groups. Conclusion: Thoracoscopic pneumonectomy is safe and feasible for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer with more mediastinal lymph node dissection and accelerating recovery, and equivalent long-term prognosis when compared with open approach.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumonectomia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(1): 17-21, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914529

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of monomorphic epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma (MEITL). Methods: A total of 12 specimens were collected, which were surgically resected and verified as MEITL by postoperative pathology, immumohistochemical staining and gene rearrangement at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from 2012 to 2018, and all of these had complete clinical and pathological data. The MEITL cases were reviewed to compare the clinicopathological characteristics, including morphologic and immunophenotypic features and followed up by telephone and clinic visit. Results: All the cases were diagnosed with MEITL. There were 8 males and 4 females. Male to female ratio was 2∶1, at a median age of 54 years. The sites of involvement included jejunum (4 cases), ileum (5 cases), duodenum (1 case), ileocecal junction (1 case) and rectum (1 case). The neoplastic cells were monotonous of small to intermediate cells in size with round to slightly irregular nuclei in 11 cases. The immunophenotyping showed that CD3 (12/12), CD8 (11/12), CD43 (11/12), CD56 (11/12), TIA-1 (12/12) were positive; CD5 (12/12), Gran B (9/12), and perforin (7/12) were negative. Two cases aberrantly expressed the B-cell marker CD20. A high proliferation index was demonstrated by Ki-67 immunostaining. In situ hybridization for EBER was all negative(12/12). The whole exome sequencing(WES) mutational landscape of MEITL was remarkably homogeneous, showing significantly enriched clusters among histone modifier genes, JAK-STAT and MAPK-signal pathways. Histonelysine N-methytransferase SETD2 gene was mutated in 2/4 tumors. All the patients analyzed harbored at least one mutation in the JAK-STAT signal pathway, including STAT5B (2/4), JAK3 (3/4) and STAT5A (2/4). Furthermore, frequent alterations (TP53) were observed in the MAPK pathway in 3/4 of MEITL cases. The CNV analysis derived from WES data identified multiple regions of frequent gains and losses. In particular, gains in 1q, 7q and 9q, and recurrent losses involving 7p and 8p were observed. Conclusions: MEITL is a rare and aggressive type of extranodal T-cell lymphoma. The differential diagnosis of MEITL includes EATL, extranodal NT/T-cell lymphoma and other types of PTCL. Diagnosis should be correlated to clinical symptoms while the final diagnosis is mainly based on the pathological features, immunophenotypes and genetic testing.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células T Associado a Enteropatia , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Transdução de Sinais
16.
Insect Mol Biol ; 29(3): 293-300, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908059

RESUMO

Juvenile hormone (JH) plays important roles in the growth and development of insects. JH and its receptor methoprene-tolerant (Met) regulate the expression of transcription factors to control the transcription of downstream genes. The expression of Hairy (Hry) and Krüppel homologue 1 (Kr-h1) is regulated by JH and JH receptors. Hry and Kr-h1 are both crucial in mediating JH signalling. However, whether they interact at the gene level in regulating metamorphosis and whether they interact physically at the protein level remain unknown. We used co-immunoprecipitation, glutathione S-transferase pull-down and RNA interference (RNAi) approaches to study the genetic and biochemical interactions of the two proteins Hry and Kr-h1. The results showed that brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens) Hry and Kr-h1 interact directly: Hry binds to the N-terminal of Kr-h1, which includes five zinc-finger domains. The RNAi experiment showed that downregulation of Hry reduced the ratio of ecdysis failure caused by knockdown of Kr-h1, indicating that the downregulation of Hry might mitigate ecdysis failure via the downregulation of Kr-h1. The expression of Hry increased significantly when Kr-h1 was downregulated, whereas it did not change significantly when both were downregulated. Our results suggest that the binding of Hry protein with Kr-h1 prevents the N-terminal five zinc-finger domains from binding with DNA, which in turn inactivates the transcription activator or inhibitor function of Kr-h1. Hry could possibly be used as a target for pesticide applications in the future.

17.
Animal ; 14(3): 475-481, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610816

RESUMO

Muscle fiber characteristics comprise a set of complex traits that influence the meat quality and lean meat production of livestock. However, the genetic and biological mechanisms regulating muscle fiber characteristics are largely unknown in pigs. Based on a genome-wide association study (GWAS) performed on 421 Large White × Min pig F2 individuals presenting well-characterized phenotypes, this work aimed to detect genome variations and candidate genes for five muscle fiber characteristics: percentage of type I fibers (FIB1P), percentage of type IIA fibers (FIB2AP), percentage of type IIB fibers (FIB2BP), diameter of muscle fibers (DIAMF) and number of muscle fibers per unit area (NUMMF). The GWAS used the Illumina Porcine SNP60K genotypic data, which were analyzed by a mixed model. Seven and 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were significantly associated with DIAMF and NUMMF, respectively (P < 1.10E-06); no SNP was significantly associated with FIB1P, FIB2AP or FIB2B. For DIAMF, the significant SNPs on chromosome 4 were located in the previously reported quantitative trait loci (QTL) interval. Because the significant SNPs on chromosome 6 were not mapped in the previously reported QTL interval, a putative novel QTL was suggested for this locus. None of the previously reported QTL intervals on chromosomes 6 and 14 harbored significant SNPs for NUMMF; thus, new potential QTLs on these two chromosomes are suggested in the present work. The most significant SNPs associated with DIAMF (ALGA0025682) and NUMMF (MARC0046984) explained 12.02% and 11.59% of the phenotypic variation of these traits, respectively. In addition, both SNPs were validated as associated with DIAMF and NUMMF in Beijing Black pigs (P < 0.01). Some candidate genes or non-coding RNAs, such as solute carrier family 44 member 5 and miR-124a-1 for DIAMF, and coiled-coil serine rich protein 2 for NUMMF, were identified based on their close location to the significant SNPs. This study revealed some genome-wide association variants for muscle fiber characteristics, and it provides valuable information to discover the genetic mechanisms controlling these traits in pigs.

18.
J Appl Microbiol ; 128(1): 191-201, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561280

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the genetic determinates for conjugated linolenic acid (CLNA) production in Lactobacillus plantarum ZS2058, a high CLNA producer. METHODS AND RESULTS: After culturing with α-linolenic acid (ALA) in the medium, the fatty acid compositions of supernatant fluid and cell pellets were analysed via GC-MS. cis9,trans11,cis15-CLNA was identified to be the predominant isomer. And during CLNA production, 10-hydroxy-cis12-cis15-octadecenoic acid (10-HOEA) and 10-oxo-cis12-cis15-octadecenoic acid (10-OXOA) were accumulated. The E. coli recombinants harbouring genes encoding myosin-cross-reactive antigen (MCRA), short-chain dehydrogenase/oxidoreductase (DH) and acetoacetate decarboxylase (DC), respectively, were analysed for their roles in CLNA production. The results indicated that MCRA converted ALA to 10-HOEA, following converted to 10-OXOA by DH. While with the combination of three recombinants, ALA could be transformed into CLNA plus 10-HOEA and 10-OXOA. When the three genes were deleted, none of the L. plantarum ZS2058 knockout mutants could produce any CLNA, after complementation, and all the complementary mutants recovered the CLNA-production ability at similar levels as the wild strain. CONCLUSIONS: Lactobacillus plantarum ZS2058 produced CLNA from ALA with 10-HOEA and 10-OXOA as intermediates. The triple-component isomerase of MCRA, DH and DC was the unique genetic determinant for CLNA generation. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The current results firstly provided conclusive evidence that the triple-component isomerase complex was shared by both CLA and CLNA production in lactobacilli.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus plantarum/genética , Lactobacillus plantarum/metabolismo , Ácidos Linoleicos Conjugados/biossíntese , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Isomerases/genética , Isomerases/metabolismo , Ácidos Linoleicos Conjugados/química , Complexos Multienzimáticos , Ácidos Oleicos/química , Ácidos Oleicos/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Ácido alfa-Linoleico/metabolismo
19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(22): 9871-9881, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a gastrointestinal tract cancer, which threatens the well-being of million of patients due to high metastasis. Recently, numerous studies have recognized nuclear RNA host gene 14 (SNHG14) as a remarkable oncogene in different cancers. However, the regulatory mechanism of SNHG14 in CRC development is mostly unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of SNHG14, miR-944 and Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) in tissues and cells was measured by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and flow cytometry assay, respectively. Cell migration and invasion were assessed using transwell assay. Protein expression of KRAS, AKT, phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT), phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) and phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K) was detected by Western blot. Animal models were constructed by subcutaneously injecting SW620 cells stably transfected with sh-SNHG14 and sh-NC. The interaction among SNHG14, miR-944 and KRAS was determined by luciferase reporter assay and RIP assay. RESULTS: The expression of SNHG14 and KRAS was up-regulated whereas miR-944 was down-regulated in CRC tumors and cells compared with normal tissues and cells. In addition, SNHG14 silencing attenuated cell proliferation, migration and invasion, while accelerated apoptosis in CRC cells by suppressing PI3K/AKT pathway. Consistently, SNHG14 knockdown hindered tumor growth in vivo. MiR-944 was a target of SNHG14 and directly targeted KRAS. Moreover, miR-944 inhibitor abrogated silenced SNHG14-mediated inhibition on proliferation, migration and invasion, as well as promotion on apoptosis in CRC cells. Similarly, miR-944 regulated CRC cell progression by targeting KRAS through PI3K/AKT pathway. CONCLUSIONS: SNHG14 contributed to cell proliferation, migration and invasion, while suppressed apoptosis in CRC cells by targeting miR-944/KRAS axis through PI3K/AKT pathway, representing novel biomarkers for CRC therapy.

20.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 27(10): 737-740, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734985

RESUMO

Over 70% of hepatocellular carcinoma patients have not received traditional surgery because of their own disease characteristics and the limitations of traditional surgical methods. With the advancement of medical technology and the development of minimally invasive concepts, minimally invasive surgery, transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, and local ablation have received increasing attention. The combination of various treatment methods can help to strengthen the characteristics of each treatment, but the guiding standard of comprehensive treatment still needs further exploration and research.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
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