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3.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(5): 476-482, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the components of proteins from Echinococcus granulosus cyst fluid using the shotgun method, and to identify the active components with potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases. METHODS: The E. granulosus cyst fluid was collected aseptically from the hepatic cysts of patients with cystic echinococcosis, and characterized by liquid chromatography (LC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) following digestion with trypsin. The protein data were searched using the software MaxQuant version 1.6.1.0 and the cellular components, molecular functions, and biological processes of the identified proteins were analyzed using the Gene Ontology (GO) method. RESULTS: The E. granulosus cyst fluid separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) had a relative molecular mass of 25 to 70 kDa. LS-MS/MS analysis identified 37 proteins, including 32 known proteins and 5 unknown proteins. At least 4 proteins were preliminarily found to exhibit potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases, including antigen B, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), thioredoxin peroxidase (TPX) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH). GO enrichment analysis showed that the identified proteins had 149 molecular functions and were involved in 341 biological processes. CONCLUSIONS: E. granulosus cyst fluid has a variety of protein components, and four known proteins are preliminarily identified to be associated with immune dysregulation diseases.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Echinococcus granulosus , Animais , Antígenos de Helmintos , Líquido Cístico/química , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
4.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(11): 1085-1089, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794261

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of applying hydrogel dressings in deep partial-thickness burn wounds after dermabrasion and tangential excision. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. From November 2015 to August 2019, 168 patients with deep partial-thickness burns hospitalized in Zibo Sixth People's Hospital met the inclusion criteria. According to the random number table, the patients were divided into hydrogel dressing+vaseline gauze group (84 cases, 67 males and 17 females) and vaseline gauze only group (84 cases, 65 males and 19 females) who were aged (31±16) and (35±17) years, respectively, and were given corresponding treatment after dermabrasion and tangential excision. The dressings were changed every 3-5 days. Autologous skin grafting was performed with split-thickness or medium-thickness skin grafts taken from trunk or thigh if the wounds failed to heal over 21 days or the wounds were less than 21 days but located in the joints, which might affect the functional activities at later stage. After operation, the general condition of the wounds was observed continuously and dynamically till the wounds were healed. The degree of dressing adhesion was evaluated during the first 4 dressing changes after operation, and the degree of pain was evaluated using Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). The wound healing rate on post operation day (POD) 3, 6, and 15 was calculated. The positive proportion of bacterial culture of wound exudates/cleanout fluid on admission and at dressing change on POD 3, 6, and 15 was calculated. The number of dressing changes were recorded, the rate of skin grafting operation was calculated, and the time of complete wound healing was recorded. Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) was used in 6 months of follow-up to evaluate the hyperplasia of scar. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability test, and Bonferroni correction. Results: During the observation period after operation, the wound was moist with less exudates and the wound healed much faster in patients of hydrogel dressing+vaseline gauze group, with the inner dressing being easier to remove with mild pain, while the wounds showed more exudates and slower healing in patients of vaseline gauze only group with the obvious adhesions of inner dressing, stronger pain, and bleeding in the wounds. Compared with those in vaseline gauze only group, the degree of dressing adhesion and pain NRS score of patients in hydrogel dressing+vaseline gauze group decreased significantly during the first 4 dressing changes after operation (χ2=52.625, Z=-10.854, P<0.01), the wound healing rate increased significantly at dressing change on POD 3, 6, and 15 (t=10.347, 41.150, 167.627, P<0.01), the positive proportion of wound exudates/cleanout fluid bacterial culture did not change significantly on admission or at dressing change on POD 3 (P>0.05) but decreased significantly at dressing change on POD 6 and 15 (χ2=15.616, 15.226, P<0.01), the dressing change times was significantly reduced (t=-11.986, P<0.01), and the rate of skin grafting operation was significantly decreased (χ2=35.850, P<0.01). The complete wound healing time of patients in hydrogel dressing+vaseline gauze group was (17.6±2.8) d, significantly shorter than (27.1±3.0) d in vaseline gauze only group (t=-21.288, P<0.01). During the follow-up of 6 months, the VSS score of scar hyperplasia of patients in hydrogel dressing+vaseline gauze group was significantly lower than that in vaseline gauze only group (Z=-11.287, P<0.01). Conclusions: Compared with the use of vaseline gauze only, the application of vaseline gauze coated with hydrogel dressing in deep partial-thickness burn wounds after dermabrasion and tangential excision is more effective in moisturizing, significantly reducing the degree of dressing adhesion and patients' pain during dressing change, increasing wound healing rate, decreasing wound infection rate and the rate of skin grafting operation, and reducing the number of dressing changes. It shortens the time for complete wound healing, and effectively relieves scar hyperplasia.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Hidrogéis , Bandagens , Queimaduras/cirurgia , Dermabrasão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Transplante de Pele
5.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846719

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Erectile dysfunction and COVID-19 share similar risk factors, including vascular disruption of integrity, cytokine release, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between erectile dysfunction and COVID-19 patients. METHODS: Odds ratio for erectile dysfunction in patients with a history of COVID-19 with and without comorbidities were calculated using a patients' registry platform i2b2. ICD-10 diagnoses codes were accessed for queries and data were analyzed using logistic regression. RESULTS: Patients with COVID-19 were 3.3 times more likely to have erectile dysfunction with 95% CI (2.8, 3.8). The association became stronger with odds ratio 4.8 (95% CI (4.1, 5.7)) after adjusting for age groups. The odds ratio remained the same after adjusting for smoking status with 3.5 (95% CI (3.0, 4.1)). After adjusting for race, COVID-19 patients were 2.6 (95% CI (2.2, 3.1)) times more likely to have erectile dysfunction. The odds ratio were 1.6, 1.8, 1.9 and 2.3 after adjusting for respiratory disease, obesity, circulatory disease and diabetes, respectively. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 and erectile dysfunction are strongly associated even after adjustment for known risk factors and demographics.

6.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(9): 855-860, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638204

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical value and predictive difference of serum Golgi protein 73 (GP73) and serum autophagy-related protein p62 levels in the short-term prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods: Clinical data of admitted cases to our hospital from October 2018 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Simultaneously, there were 32 cases with HBV-related ACLF in group A, 65 cases with hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis in group B and C (Child-Pugh Class A, 34 cases as B group, and Child-Pugh B/C class, 31 cases as group C), and another 30 healthy subjects served as the control group (group D). The serum GP73 and p62 levels of the four selected groups were measured. ACLF group patients were followed up for 3 months to analyze the prognosis of the patients. The serum GP73 and p62 levels of patients who died and survived during hospitalization were compared. The data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance, independent sample t-test, and Pearson's correlation analysis. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to analyze the predictive value of GP73 and p62 levels in surviving patients. Results: GP73 levels in the four groups A, B, C and D were (284.30 ± 70.55) ng/ml, (125.33 ± 20.57) ng/ml, (159.82 ± 31.20) ng/ml, and (45.46 ± 10.22) ng/ml, respectively. The p62 levels were (1.30 ± 0.35) ng/ml, (2.88 ± 0.58) ng/ml, (2.02 ± 0.545) ng/ml, and (4.68 ± 1.03) ng/ml, respectively. GP73 detection value was significantly higher in group A than the other three groups (P < 0.05). Group D had significantly lower value than the other three groups (P < 0.05), and group C had significantly higher value than group B (P < 0.05). The detection value of p62 in group A was significantly lower than the other three groups (P < 0.05). Group D had significantly higher value than the other three groups (P < 0.05), and group B had slightly higher value than group C, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was a negative correlation between GP73 and p62 (r = -0.695, P < 0.001). Survived patients GP73 level in the ACLF group was significantly lower than dead patients [(212.17 ± 22.47) ng/ml and (340.08 ± 32.91) ng/ml, t = 12.493, P < 0.05], and p62 level was significantly higher than dead patients [(1.46 ± 0.28) ng/ml and (1.18 ± 0.35) ng/ml, t = 2.445, P < 0.05]. According to the ROC curve analysis results, the area under the curve (AUC) of GP73 was 0.865, the AUC of p62 was 0.750, and the combined AUC of the both was 0.968. Conclusion: Both GP73 and p62 have a certain predictive value for the short-term prognosis of HBV-related ACLF patients, but the combination of the two indicators has a higher predictive value.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/diagnóstico , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(9): 1409-1414, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of melatonin (MT) on 2, 2', 4, 4'-tetrabromodiphenylether (PBDE-47)-induced abnormal autophagy and apoptosis in rat adrenal medullary pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. METHODS: PC12 cells were pretreated with a concentration gradient (12.5, 25, 50, 100, and 200 µmol/L) of melatonin for 2 h before exposure to 20 µmol/L PBDE-47 for 24 h to determine the optimal concentration of melatonin for cell treatment. In subsequent experiments, PC12 cells were treated with 0.5‰ DMSO (control group), 20 µmol/L PBDE-47, 25 µmol/L melatonin, or both PBDE-47 and melatonin. Immunofluorescence assay was used to detect the positive staining of microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3; a marker protein of autophagy); Western blotting was performed to determine the expression levels of the key autophagic proteins including autophagy-related protein 7 (ATG7), LC3-Ⅱ and autophagy substrate p62, and the key apoptotic proteins including active cysteine-containing aspartate specific protease-3 (active caspase-3) and cleaved poly(ADP ribose) polymerase (cleaved PARP). RESULTS: PBDE-47 treatment significantly reduced the viability of PC12 cells (P=0.001), but pretreatment with 25 µmol/L melatonin maintained a cell viability over 80% following exposure to PBDE-47 (P=0.023). PBDE-47-treated PC12 cells showed obviously enhanced immunofluorescent staining of LC3 protein, a significantly decreased expression of ATG7 and increased expression levels of p62, LC3-Ⅱ, active caspase-3 and cleaved PARP (P < 0.001). The cells treated with both PBDE-47 and melatonin showed obviously reduced staining of LC3 protein with a signficantly increased expression level of ATG7 (P=0.034) and decreased expressions of p62 (P=0.048), LC3-Ⅱ (P=0.018), active caspase-3 (P < 0.001) and cleaved PARP (P=0.032). CONCLUSION: PBDE-47 exposure impairs autophagy to cause autophagosome accumulation and promote apoptosis of PC12 cells. Melatonin can improve PBDE-47-induced abnormal autophagy and apoptosis and thus promote the survival of PC12 cells.


Assuntos
Melatonina , Animais , Apoptose , Autofagia , Éteres Difenil Halogenados , Melatonina/farmacologia , Células PC12 , Ratos
9.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624943

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the effect of chlorpyrifos on the expression of autophagy related proteins in rat hippocampal neurons, and to explore the role of autophagy in central nerve injury caused by acute chlorpyrifos poisoning. Methods: In October 2018, 35 male clean grade SD rats were randomly divided into 7 groups according to the observation time point, namely 0.5 d, 1 d, 2 d, 3 d, 5 d and 7 d groups and the control group, with 5 rats in each group. Each observation group was given 81.5 mg/kg chlorpyrifos by gavage, and the control group was given olive oil by gavage. The general conditions and poisoning symptoms of rats were observed continuously after exposure. The expressions of autophagy related proteins Beclin1, P62/SQSTM1 and LC3 in hippocampus were detected by Western blot. The cell morphology and LC3 expression in brain were observed by immunohistochemical staining. Results: Western blot results showed that compared with the control group, the expression of Beclin1 protein in hippocampal neurons of rats in the 1 d, 2 d, and 3 d groups increased, while the expression of P62/SQSTM1 protein in the 0.5 d, 1 d, and 2 d groups decreased, and the expression of LC3 protein was decreased in the 2 d group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) . The results of immunohistochemistry showed that the hippocampal neurons of rats in the 5 d group were arranged disorderly, and some nuclei contours disappeared, especially in the 7 d group. The LC3 protein was expressed in the cytoplasm, and the expression level gradually increased, reaching a peak on the second day. Conclusion: The early activation of autophagy in rats with acute chlorpyrifos poisoning may be involved in chlorpyrifos induced hippocampal neuronal injury.


Assuntos
Clorpirifos , Animais , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia , Clorpirifos/toxicidade , Hipocampo , Masculino , Neurônios , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(4): 195-200, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645115

RESUMO

The Painting Album of Cityscapes and Business was finished in the early Qing Dynasty with realism. This painting album described the prosperity in business and everyday life in Suzhou during the late Ming and the early Qing Dynasties. They were drawn and painted retrospectively, ie, the content of the pictures was based on existing paintings handed down. In the painting album, more than ten medical-related elements were specifically depicted, such as traditional Chinese medicine clinics and pharmacies and seven ophthalmology-related elements including one clinic specialized in ophthalmology, two spectacle shops, two people wearing eyeglasses and three blind people. Up to now, no specialized ophthalmology clinics and spectacle shops have been found in earlier literature and paintings. It can be speculated that the Painting Album of Cityscapes and Business is the earliest album of paintings depicting clinics specialized in ophthalmology and spectacle shops in China. This painting album provides important information for the study of the medical industry in Suzhou in the late Ming and the early Qing Dynasties, particularly, in terms of ophthalmology-related diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Oftalmologia , Pinturas , China , Comércio , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 111(3S): e553, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34701734

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Although the FLASH therapy (FLASH-RT) can reduce radiation-induced normal tissue toxicities while maintaining tumor response, its effectiveness for general cancer patients is to be further validated through clinical trials. The proton therapy is a natural choice for clinical FLASH-RT, as isochronous cyclotron-based proton systems are the only commercially available devices that can deliver ultra-high dose rates (e.g., 40 Gy/s or more) required for general-purpose clinical FLASH-RT. However, the state-of-the-art treatment planning method via intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT) only optimizes the dose distribution and does not directly optimize the dose rate. This work aims to develop a new treatment planning method with FLASH-dose-rate optimization capability that is compatible with clinical FLASH-RT. MATERIALS/METHODS: The dose rate modeling in this work is based on pencil beam scanning (PBS) dose rate, which accounts for the spatiotemporal delivery patterns of PBS and the beam-off time between multiple spots. The planning objectives for SDDRO-PBS include both dose-rate-volume and dose-volume constraints. Various machine constraints are enforced during plan optimization for plan deliverability and efficiently solved via proximal operators, including maximum beam intensity constraint, minimum constraint for spot weights per energy layer, overall machine minimum constraint for spot weight thresholds. Setup and range uncertainties are modelled by probabilistic formulation and solved by robust optimization. Mathematically, SDDRO-PBS solves an inverse optimization problem for deliverable PBS spot weights and per-energy-layer minimum-spot thresholds. Effective optimization algorithms are developed to deal with the nonconvexity and nonlinearity of SDDRO-PBS, using iterative convex relaxations powered by alternating direction method of multipliers. RESULTS: Three hypofractionated or SBRT lung cases were considered to validate SDDRO-PBS in comparison with IMPT. For fair comparison, all six plans under comparison were optimized with the same dose-volume objectives, optimization algorithms, and plan normalization. Owning to its dose rate optimization capability, SDDRO-PBS had additional dose-rate-volume objectives and aimed to achieve FLASH dose rate in the high-dose regions of interest (ROI) surrounding tumor targets. The results suggest that SDDRO-PBS had comparable dose distribution and substantially improved FLASH dose rate coverage from IMPT. In particular, SDDRO-PBS achieved 95% or higher FLASH-dose-rate coverage in high-dose ROI. Moreover, the increase of dose per fraction further improved the plan quality in terms of both dose and dose rate distributions. CONCLUSION: A new and compatible treatment planning method SDDRO-PBS for clinical FLASH-RT is developed with FLASH-dose-rate optimization capability. AUTHOR DISCLOSURE: H. Gao: None. M.M. Folkerts: None. Y. Lin: None. E. Abel: None. J.D. Bradley: Honoraria; Genentech, Inc, Mevion Medical Systems. Consultant; AstraZeneca, Inc, Varian Medical Systems, Inc. Advisory Board; Genentech, Inc, Mevion Medical Systems; American Radium Society Executive Committee. Organize NRG Oncology research agenda on lung cancer; American College of Radiology.

12.
Transp Res Part A Policy Pract ; 153: 151-170, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566278

RESUMO

COVID-19 has raised new challenges for transportation in the post-pandemic era. The social distancing requirement, with the aim of reducing contact risk in public transit, could exacerbate traffic congestion and emissions. We propose a simulation tool to evaluate the trade-offs between traffic congestion, emissions, and policies impacting travel behavior to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 including social distancing and working from home. Open-source agent-based simulation models are used to evaluate the transportation system usage for the case study of New York City. A Post Processing Software for Air Quality (PPS-AQ) estimation is used to evaluate the air quality impacts. Finally, system-wide contact exposure on the subway is estimated from the traffic simulation output. The social distancing requirement in public transit is found to be effective in reducing contact exposure, but it has negative congestion and emission impacts on Manhattan and neighborhoods at transit and commercial hubs. While telework can reduce congestion and emissions citywide, in Manhattan the negative impacts are higher due to behavioral inertia and social distancing. The findings suggest that contact exposure to COVID-19 on subways is relatively low, especially if social distancing practices are followed. The proposed integrated traffic simulation models and air quality estimation model can help policymakers evaluate the impact of policies on traffic congestion and emissions as well as identifying hot spots, both temporally and spatially.

13.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 589-594, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344119

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features and evaluate the prognoses of Pythium keratitis. Methods: It was a retrospective study. The clinical characteristics, confocal microscopic image characteristics, treatment and curative effect of 6 cases of Pythium keratitis identified by DNA sequencing from June 2017 to June 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. Results: Among the 6 patients, there were 4 males and 2 females. All cases were monocular. The age was (58.7±11.3) years (range, 52 to 72 years). Keratopathy under a slit lamp was characterized by a dry ulcer surface, burr signs, satellite foci and pseudopodia around the ulcer. An elevated lesion was observed in 2 patients, and no obvious immune ring structure was observed in all patients. Confocal microscopy did not reveal any specific characteristics of Pythium infection. All patients did not respond well to antifungal drugs and received keratoplasty. Three patients had postoperative recurrence. The recurrence time was 4-6 days after the first operation and 2-3 days after the second operation. Two patients underwent two and three corneal transplants, respectively, after recurrence, but evisceration was required finally. Conclusions: Pythium keratitis is rare and can hardly be distinguished from common fungal infections in clinical manifestations and auxiliary examinations. The disease progresses rapidly, the rates of recurrence and evisceration after keratoplasty are both high, and DNA sequencing is the key to identifying the etiology, which should be paid more attention. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 589-594).


Assuntos
Úlcera da Córnea , Infecções Oculares Fúngicas , Ceratite , Pythium , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Ceratite/diagnóstico , Ceratite/terapia , Ceratoplastia Penetrante , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(7): 582-587, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405641

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the risk factors for death in children with acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective study. Thirty-nine children with ANE were from PICUs in 4 centers from December 1, 2014 to December 1, 2020. The 4 participating centers were Beijing Children's Hospital, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Hebei Children's Hospital, and Bao'an Maternity & Child Health Hospital. Patients were divided into survival and non-survival groups by the outcome at discharge, and the differences in clinical data between the two groups were compared. Risk factors for death in children with ANE and the odds ratios (OR) were analyzed by univariable Logistic regression. Results: Thirty-nine children with ANE were included. There were 18 males and 21 females. The median onset age was 30 months. The mortality at discharge was 41% (16/39). The onset age of most patients (74%, 29/39) was younger than 4 years old. Influenza virus was the most common precursor infection (80%, 20/25). Patients with shock at PICU admission were more common in the non-survival group (12/16 vs. 17% (4/23), P=0.001). Glasgow coma score (GCS) at PICU admission was significantly lower in the non-survival group than survival group (3 (3, 6) vs. 6 (5, 7), Z=-2.598, P=0.009). The optimal cut-off value was 4. The proportion of patients with GCS ≤ 4 at PICU admission was higher in the non-survival group (10/16 vs. 22% (5/23), P=0.018). ANE severity score (ANE-SS) at PICU admission was significantly higher in the non-survival group (5 (2, 6) vs. 2 (1, 4), Z=-2.436, P=0.015). The proportion of patients with high risk ANE-SS was higher in non-survival group than the survival group (9/16 vs. 22% (5/23), P=0.043). The proportion of application of high-dose methylprednisolone (20 mg/(kg·d)) was significantly higher in survival group than non-survival group (43% (10/23) vs. 1/13, P=0.031). Univariable Logistic regression indicated that risk factors for death in children with ANE were shock (OR=14.250, 95%CI 2.985-68.018, P=0.001), GCS≤4 (OR=6.000, 95%CI 1.456-24.733, P=0.013) and high risk ANE-SS (OR=4.629, 95%CI 1.142-18.752, P=0.032) at PICU admission. Conclusions: ANE usually occurs in children under 4 years old after influenza infection. Shock, GCS≤4 and high risk ANE-SS at PICU admission were risk factors for death in children with ANE. High-dose methylprednisolone may improve the prognosis of children with ANE.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Masculino , Gravidez , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424586

RESUMO

AIMS: This study investigated the dose-effect of manganese (Mn) addition on wheat straw (WS) decomposition, and explored the potential mechanisms of Mn involved in the acceleration of WS decomposition in regards to the soil microbial communities and enzyme activities. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 180-day incubation experiment was performed to examine the decomposition of WS under four Mn levels, that is, 0, 0.25, 1 and 2 mg g-1 . The effects of microbial communities and enzyme activities were evaluated using control (0 mg g-1 ) and Mn (0.25 mg g-1 ) treatments. Our results revealed that Mn (0.25 mg g-1 ) addition significantly increased WS decomposition, and enhanced the release of carbon and nitrogen. Optimal Mn addition (0.25 mg g-1 ) also caused significant increases in the activity of neutral xylanase (NEX), laccase (Lac), manganese peroxidase (MnP) and lignin peroxidase (LiP) within the incubation period. Mn (0.25 mg g-1 ) addition also enriched some operational taxonomic units (OTUs) that, in turn, had the potential ability to decompose crop straw, such as secreting lignocellulolytic enzymes. CONCLUSIONS: Mn (0.25 mg g-1 ) could promote WS decomposition through enrichment of the microbial species involved in biomass decomposition, which enhanced the lignocellulose-degrading enzyme activity. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study provides evidence for Mn to promote WS biodegradation after Mn application, opening new windows to improve the utilization efficiency of crop residues.

16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 744-749, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Calprotectin, the heterdimer of S100A8 and S100A9, is the major cytoplasmic protein of neutrophils, which is also expressed or induced in gingival epithelial cells, activated mononuclear macrophages and vascular endothelial cells. Calprotectin is intimately associated with the initiation and progression of periodontitis, but the in vivo expression patterns of calprotectin in healthy and inflamed periodontal tissue are not fully understood. To observe the expression, distribution and cellular localization of calprotectin in the samples of healthy periodontal tissues and experimental periodontitis tissues of Beagles and to explore their relationship with periodontal inflammation and possible effect. METHODS: Experimental periodontitis model was established by ligation around the mandibular second molar of the Beagle dogs, while the contralateral teeth were healthy controls. Induction duration was 12 weeks, before the dogs were executed. Tissue specimens were demineralized and serial sections were made conventionally. The in vivo expression of calprotectin in the healthy and inflamed periodontal tissues were examined by immunohistochemistry. The in vitro expression of calprotectin in human primary gingival fibroblasts (GFs) and periodontal ligament (PDL) cells were detected by immunocytochemistry. RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry analysis indicated that calprotectin was expressed in gingival epithelial cells and infiltrated neutrophils in the healthy periodontium within the gingival epithelium, S100A8/A9 was most strongly expressed in the junctional epithelium, followed by surface epithelium, and least expressed in the sulcular epithelium. The S100A8/A9 expression levels were sharply defined at the junction between the junctional epithelium and the sulcular epithelium. In periodontal inflammatory lesions, the expression level of calprotectin in sulcular epithelium and junctional epithelium was up-regulated than that in the healthy gingival epithelium. Calprotectin was inducibly expressed in fibroblast-like cells in gingival connective tissue and periodontal ligament tissue, microvascular endothelial cells (ECs) and bone marrow fibroblasts under inflammatory conditions. Additionally, the expression of calprotectin in primary human GFs and PDL cells was confirmed by immunnocytochemistry staining. CONCLUSION: Constitutively expressed in neutrophils and gingival epithelial cells, and calprotectin might maintain the homeostasis and integrity of periodontium. Inflammation-induced expression of calprotectin in GFs, PDL cells, microvascular ECs and bone marrow fibroblasts might process anti-microbial function and promote leukocytes transmigration to defend the host against the microorganisms.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Complexo Antígeno L1 Leucocitário , Animais , Cães , Inserção Epitelial , Gengiva , Humanos , Periodonto
17.
Animal ; 15(8): 100322, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311193

RESUMO

The bones of chicken play an important role in supporting and protecting the body. The growth and development of bones have a substantial influence on the health and production performance in chickens. However, genetic architecture underlying chicken bone traits is not well understood. The objectives of this study are to dissect the genetic basis of bone traits in chickens and to identify valuable genes and genetic markers for chicken breeding. We performed a combination of genome-wide association study (GWAS) and selection signature analysis (fixation index values and nucleotide diversity ratios) in an F2 crossbred experimental population with different genetic backgrounds (broiler × layer) to identify candidate genes and significant variants related to femur, shank, keel length, chest width, metatarsal claw weight, metatarsal length, and metatarsal circumference. A total of 545 individuals were genotyped based on the whole genome re-sequencing method (26 F0 individuals were re-sequenced at 10 × coverage; 519 F2 individuals were re-sequenced at 3 × coverage). A total of 2 028 112 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) remained to carry out analysis after quality control and imputation. The integration of GWAS and selection signature analysis indicated that all significant SNPs responsible for bone traits were mainly localized on chicken chromosomes 1, 4, and 27. Finally, we identified 21 positional candidate genes that might regulate chicken bone growth and development, including LRCH1, RB1, FNDC3A, MLNR, CAB39L, FOXO1, LHFP, TRPC4, POSTN, SMAD9, RBPJ, PPARGC1A, SLIT2, NCAPG, NKX3-2, CPZ, SPOP, NGFR, SOST, ZNF652, and HOXB3. Additionally, an array of uncharacterized genes was identified. The findings provide an in-depth understanding of the genetic architecture of chicken bone traits and offer a molecular basis for applying genomics in practical chicken breeding.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos/fisiologia , Galinhas , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Seleção Genética , Animais , Galinhas/genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/veterinária , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
18.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(6): 533-538, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225427

RESUMO

Objective: To preliminary explore the changes in blood system in pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs)-related liver damage. Methods: General situation, liver function, biochemical blood test, routine blood test, coagulation function markers, etc., of 77 cases with drug-induced liver damage admitted to the Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from 2012 to 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients' were divided into PA group, other traditional Chinese medicine group and Western medicine group according to their medication history. Simultaneously, the changes in liver function were observed in the established mice model of monocrotaline-induced liver damage. Liver tissues HE staining and blood routine indexes were observed. Results: 24 cases received PA, 24 cases received other traditional Chinese medicine, and 29 cases received western medicine. Alanine aminotransferase was lower in PA group than the other two groups (P < 0.05), and the total bilirubin and direct bilirubin were significantly lower than the other traditional Chinese medicine group (P < 0.05). The peripheral platelet count of the PA group was (84.11 ± 26.91) ×10(9)/L, which was significantly lower than the lower limit of normal, and had statistically significant difference with other traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine group (P < 0.01). Thrombocytocrit, mean platelet volume and platelet indices of PA group were statistically different from the other two groups (P < 0.05). The D-dimer level in patients with PA group was (2.62 ± 1.93) mg/L, which was higher than the upper limit of normal, and significantly higher than the D-dimer level of the other two groups of patients (P < 0.01). Meanwhile, prothrombin time was longer in PA group than that of the other two groups (P < 0.01), and platelets count were decreased significantly in the mouse model of monocrotaline-induced liver damage after alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase elevation (P < 0.01). Conclusion: PA-related liver damage has lower peripheral platelet counts, and the peripheral platelet counts of these patients are lower than other types of drug-induced liver damage. In addition, increased D-dimer in patients with PA-related liver damage indicate a potential risk of thrombosis.


Assuntos
Alcaloides de Pirrolizidina , Alanina Transaminase , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases , Humanos , Fígado , Camundongos , Alcaloides de Pirrolizidina/toxicidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(6): 558-564, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225431

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate and analyze the energy metabolism characteristics and the correlation between energy metabolism and the risk of secondary bacterial infection in patients with hepatitis B virus-related chronic liver disease (HBV-CLD). Methods: Data of 183 cases admitted to the Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University from November 2017 to November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. 79 cases of chronic hepatitis B, 51 cases of hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis, and 53 cases of hepatitis B-related liver failure were collected. Among them patients with liver failure and decompensated liver cirrhosis were defined as severe liver disease group. The Quark RMR indirect calorimetry (COSMED Corporation, Italy) was used to exam the patients' energy metabolism condition, and the incidences of secondary bacterial infection of the patients during hospitalization were recorded. Shapiro-Wilk test and normal QQ plot were used to analyze the normal distribution of continuous variable data, which was consistent with the normal distribution and was described by mean ± standard deviation. In addition, if it did not conform to the normal distribution, the median and interquartile distance were used to describe it. Levene's test was used to test the homogeneity of variance of the data, which was consistent with the normal distribution. The t-test was used to compare the means of the two groups of samples. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare the mean values of the three groups of samples, and then the Tukey's test was used to compare the two groups. If the variance was uneven or did not conform to the normal distribution, the Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to compare the differences between the two groups. Kruskal-Wallis test (H test) was used to compare the differences between the three groups of samples, and then the Dunnett's test (Z test) was used for comparison between the two groups. Categorical variable data were analyzed using chi-square test. Logistic regression analysis was used to screen independent risk factors, and the criteria for variable inclusion (P < 0.05). Results: The respiratory entropy (RQ) and non-protein respiratory entropy (npRQ) of the three groups had statistically significant difference (P < 0.05). Among them, the RQ and npRQ of the chronic hepatitis B group were higher than hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis group and hepatitis B-related liver failure group. There were statistically significant differences in fat oxidation rate (FAT%) and carbohydrate oxidation rate (CHO%) between the three groups (P < 0.05). Compared with hepatitis B-related liver cirrhosis group and hepatitis B-related liver failure group, chronic hepatitis B group (P < 0.05) had lower FAT% and higher CHO%. There were no statistically significant differences in the measured and predicted resting energy expenditure and protein oxidation rate (PRO%) between the three groups. The incidence of secondary bacterial infection in patients with severe liver disease was 48.39% (45/93). Compared with the non-infected group, the RQ and npRQ values ​​of the infected group were significantly decreased (P < 0.05), while FAT% was significantly increased (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that glutamyltransferase, cholesterol, and npRQ were independent risk factors for secondary bacterial infections in patients with severe liver disease. Glutamyltransferase elevation, and cholesterol and npRQ depletion had suggested an increased risk of secondary bacterial infection. Subgroup analysis of patients with hepatitis B-related liver failure also showed that compared with non-infected group, RQ value and npRQ value of secondary bacterial infection group were significantly decreased (P < 0.05), while FAT% was significantly increased (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Patients with hepatitis B virus-related chronic liver disease generally have abnormal energy metabolism. Low RQ, npRQ, CHO% and high FAT% are related to the severity of the disease; while npRQ reduction is related to the risk of secondary bacterial infection in patients with severe liver disease, and thus can be used as a clinical prognostic indicator.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Hepatite B Crônica , Metabolismo Energético , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Hepatite B Crônica/metabolismo , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos
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