Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 350
Filtrar
1.
Cancer Sci ; 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167618

RESUMO

We aimed to verify the expression status and diagnostic significance of IDH1 in NSCLC, especially during early stages. Serum IDH1 levels were measured by ELISA. A total of 1223 participants [660 patients with NSCLC, 276 healthy controls (HCs), 95 patients with benign pulmonary conditions (BPCs), 135 patients with other cancers (OCs) and 57 samples with interfering factors] were divided into a training cohort and a validation cohort according to three testing centers. The IDH1 concentrations in the NSCLC group were obviously higher than those in the control groups (P < 0.001). AUCs for discriminating NSCLC patients from controls (HC, BPC and OC) were 0.870 and 0.745 (sensitivity: 63.3% and 55.0%; specificity: 86.8% and 86.3%) in the training cohort and validation cohort, respectively. AUCs for discriminating stage 0-IA lung cancer patients from HCs were 0.907 and 0.788 (sensitivity: 58.6% and 59.1%; specificity: 92.9% and 89.3%) in two cohorts, respectively. IDH1 exhibited specificity for NSCLC and had no diagnostic value for other common cancers. Furthermore, IDH1 was significantly reduced in postoperative serum. IDH1 exhibits clinical utility as a serum protein biomarker for the early diagnosis of NSCLC.

2.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141680

RESUMO

Cortical surface templates are an important standardized coordinate frame for cortical structure and function analysis in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging studies. The widely used adult cortical surface templates (e.g., fsaverage, Conte69, and the HCP-MMP atlas) are based on the Caucasian population. Neuroanatomical differences related to environmental and genetic factors between Chinese and Caucasian populations make these templates unideal for analysis of the cortex in the Chinese population. We used a multimodal surface matching algorithm in an iterative procedure to create Chinese (sCN200) and Caucasian (sUS200) cortical surface atlases based on 200 demographically matched high-quality T1- and T2-weighted (T1w and T2w, respectively) MR images from the Chinese Human Connectome Project (CHCP) and the Human Connectome Project (HCP), respectively. Templates for anatomical cortical surfaces (white matter, pial, midthickness) and cortical feature maps of sulcal depth, curvature, thickness, T1w/T2w myelin, and cortical labels were generated. Using independent subsets from the CHCP and the HCP, we quantified the accuracy of cortical registration when using population-matched and mismatched atlases. The performance of the cortical registration and accuracy of curvature alignment when using population-matched atlases was significantly improved, thereby demonstrating the importance of using the sCN200 cortical surface atlas for Chinese adult population studies. Finally, we analyzed female and male cortical differences within the Chinese and Caucasian populations. We identified significant between-sex differences in cortical curvature, sulcal depth, thickness, and T1w/T2w myelin maps in the frontal, temporal, parietal, occipital, and insular lobes as well as the cingulate cortices.

3.
J Diabetes Res ; 2020: 5947304, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32215271

RESUMO

Background: Diabetic nephropathy (DN), characterized by hyperglycemia, hypertension, proteinuria, and edema, is a unique microvascular complication of diabetes. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Astragalus membranaceus (AM) has been widely used for DN in China while the pharmacological mechanisms are still unclear. This work is aimed at undertaking a network pharmacology analysis to reveal the mechanism of the effects of AM in DN. Materials and Methods. In this study, chemical constituents of AM were obtained via Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database (TCMSP), and the potential targets of AM were identified using the Therapeutic Target Database (TTD). DisGeNET and GeneCards databases were used to collect DN-related target genes. DN-AM common target protein interaction network was established by using the STRING database. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were carried out to further explore the DN mechanism and therapeutic effect of AM. The network diagrams of the active component-action target and protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were constructed using Cytoscape software. Results: A total of 16 active ingredients contained and 78 putative identified target genes were screened from AM, of which 42 overlapped with the targets of DN and were considered potential therapeutic targets. The analysis of the network results showed that the AM activity of component quercetin, formononetin, calycosin, 7-O-methylisomucronulatol, and quercetin have a good binding activity with top ten screened targets, such as VEGFA, TNF, IL-6, MAPK, CCL3, NOS3, PTGS2, IL-1ß, JUN, and EGFR. GO and KEGG analyses revealed that these targets were associated with inflammatory response, angiogenesis, oxidative stress reaction, rheumatoid arthritis, and other biological process. Conclusions: This study demonstrated the multicomponent, multitarget, and multichannel characteristics of AM, which provided a novel approach for further research of the mechanism of AM in the treatment of DN.

4.
Neuroimage ; 213: 116692, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135263

RESUMO

The relevance of subcortical structures for affective processing is not fully understood. Inspired by the gerbil retino-raphe pathway that has been shown to regulate affective behavior and previous human work showing that the pontine region is important for processing emotion, we asked whether well-established tracts in humans traveling between the eye and the brain stem contribute to functions beyond their conventionally understood roles. Here we report neuroimaging findings showing that optic chiasm-brain stem diffusivity predict responses reflecting perceived arousal and valence. Analyses of subsequent task-evoked connectivity further revealed that visual affective processing implicates the brain stem, particularly the pontine region at an early stage of the cascade, projecting to cortico-limbic regions in a feedforward manner. The optimal model implies that all intrinsic connections between the regions of interest are unidirectional and outwards from the pontine region. These findings suggest that affective processing implicates regions outside the cortico-limbic network. The involvement of a phylogenetically older locus in the pons that has consequences in oculomotor control may imply adaptive consequences of affect detection.

5.
Redox Biol ; : 101476, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122792

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Dysregulated adipokine profiles contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiovascular complications. Endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction, a common pathological alteration in cardiovascular disorders, is exaggerated in diabetes. However, it is unclear whether and how dysregulated adipokines may contribute to diabetic EC dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Serum C1q/TNF-Related Protein 5 (CTRP5) were determined in control/diabetes patients, and control/diabetic mice (high-fat diet, HFD). We observed for the first time that serum total CTRP5 was increased, high molecular weight (HMW) form was decreased, but the globular form (gCTRP5) was significantly increased in diabetic patients. These pathological alterations were reproduced in diabetic mice. To determine the pathological significance of increased gCTRP5 in diabetes, in vivo, ex vivo and in vitro experiments were performed. Diabetic atherosclerosis and EC dysfunction were significantly attenuated by the in vivo administration of CTRP5 neutralization antibody (CTRP5Ab). EC apoptosis was significantly increased in diabetic EC (isolated from HFD animal aorta) or high glucose high lipid (HGHL) cultured HUVECs. These pathological alterations were further potentiated by gCTRP5 and attenuated by CTRP5Ab. Pathway specific discovery-driven approach revealed that Nox1 expression was one of the signaling molecules commonly activated by HFD, HGHL, and gCTRP5. Treatment with CTRP5Ab reversed HFD-induced Nox1 upregulation. Finally, Nox1siRNA was used to determine the causative role of Nox1 in gCTRP5 induced EC apoptosis in diabetes. Results showed that gCTRP5 activated the mitochondrial apoptotic signal of EC in diabetes, which was blocked by the silencing Nox1 gene. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated for the first time that gCTRP5 is a novel molecule contributing to diabetic vascular EC dysfunction through Nox1-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis, suggesting that interventions blocking gCTRP5 may protect diabetic EC function, ultimately attenuate diabetic cardiovascular complications.

6.
Brain Lang ; 203: 104755, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007671

RESUMO

Rapid and efficient speech processing benefits from the prediction derived from prior expectations based on the identification of individual words. It is known that speech processing is carried out within a distributed frontotemporal network. However, the spatiotemporal causal dynamics of predictive brain mechanisms in sound-to-meaning mapping within this network remain unclear. Using magnetoencephalography, we adopted a semantic anomaly paradigm which consists of expected, unexpected and time-reversed Mandarin Chinese speech, and localized the effects of violated expectation in frontotemporal brain regions, the sensorimotor cortex and the supramarginal gyrus from 250 ms relative to the target words. By further investigating the causal cortical dynamics, we provided the description of the causal dynamic network within the framework of the dual stream model, and highlighted the importance of the connections within the ventral pathway, the top-down modulation from the left inferior frontal gyrus and the cross-stream integration during the speech processing of violated expectation.

7.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 60, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shade stress, a universal abiotic stress, suppresses plant growth and production seriously. However, little is known regarding the protein regulatory networks under shade stress. To better characterize the proteomic changes of maize leaves under shade stress, 60% shade (S) and supplementary lighting (L) on cloudy daylight from tasseling stage to physiological maturity stage were designed, the ambient sunlight treatment was used as control (CK). Isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) technology was used to determine the proteome profiles in leaves. RESULTS: Shading significantly decreased the SPAD value, net photosynthetic rate, and grain yield. During two experimental years, grain yields of S were reduced by 48 and 47%, and L increased by 6 and 11%, compared to CK. In total, 3958 proteins were identified by iTRAQ, and 2745 proteins were quantified including 349 proteins showed at least 1.2-fold changes in expression levels between treatments and CK. The differentially expressed proteins were classified into photosynthesis, stress defense, energy production, signal transduction, and protein and amino acid metabolism using the Web Gene Ontology Annotation Plot online tool. In addition, these proteins showed significant enrichment of the chloroplasts (58%) and cytosol (21%) for subcellular localization. CONCLUSIONS: 60% shade induced the expression of proteins involved in photosynthetic electron transport chain (especially light-harvesting complex) and stress/defense/detoxification. However, the proteins related to calvin cycle, starch and sucrose metabolisms, glycolysis, TCA cycle, and ribosome and protein synthesis were dramatically depressed. Together, our results might help to provide a valuable resource for protein function analysis and also clarify the proteomic and physiological mechanism of maize underlying shade stress.

8.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; : e22460, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022984

RESUMO

Gypenosides have anticancer activity against many cancers. Gypenoside LI is a gypenoside monomer from Gynostemma pentaphyllum, its pharmacological functions in melanoma have not been reported. In this study, we found that gypenoside LI had a potent cytotoxic effect on melanoma cells. Gypenoside LI can induce intrinsic apoptosis along with S phase arrest. Furthermore, gypenoside LI inhibited the colony formation ability of melanoma through inhibition of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Interestingly, we also found that gypenoside LI can induce the upregulation of the tumor suppressor miR-128-3p during melanoma apoptosis. In contrast, gypenoside LI induced apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and inhibition of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, which were abolished by overexpression of the miR-128-3p inhibitor in A375 cells. Taken together, these results showed that gypenoside LI could inhibit human melanoma cells through inducing apoptosis, arresting cell cycle at the S phase and suppressing the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway in a miR-128-3p dependent manner.

9.
Top Curr Chem (Cham) ; 378(2): 25, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067113

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) belong to a subgroup of MOFs reminiscent of graphite and covalent organic frameworks (COFs). In the past decade, conductive 2D MOFs have received increasing attention due to their relatively high charge carrier mobility and low resistivity that originate from in-plane charge delocalization and extended π conjugation within the layers. This review comprises the current state-of-the-art of the representative progress in theoretical exploration and electronic applications of conductive 2D MOFs. Special emphasis is placed on the intrinsic relations between the structural factors and the electronic properties of conductive 2D MOFs. This review will provide guidance for researchers to design and synthesize conductive 2D MOFs for advanced applications.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 714: 136721, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978776

RESUMO

Considering the high Zn content of municipal sewage sludge and its competition with Cd during plant uptake due to their similar properties, the presence of Zn in sludge-derived biochar (SDBC) may affect Cd immobilization and uptake by plants. To confirm this, SDBC samples with different Zn contents were prepared and characterized. Their Cd immobilization behavior was studied by conducting batch sorption experiments, and their effects on Cd uptake by lettuce were explored by conducting hydroponic experiments. The results reveal that some Zn contained in the sewage sludge was transformed into ZnO during pyrolysis. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area of the SDBC samples containing 2324 mg kg-1 Zn (BC-2324) was 18.3 m2 g-1, which was 132% larger than that of the samples containing 1438 mg kg-1 Zn (BC-1438). The SDBC samples containing 1901 mg kg-1 (BC-1901) exhibited the highest Langmuir sorption capacity of 3476 mg kg-1, which is 115% higher than that of SB-1438. Furthermore, the lettuce remedied with SB-1901 exhibited 44% more biomass; lower peroxidase, catalase, and malondialdehyde activity; and 18.4% less Cd in the leaves of the lettuce than the lettuce remedied with BC-1438, suggesting the potential benefits of using Zn-rich SDBC for soil amendment.

11.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961469

RESUMO

The human brain has been demonstrated to rapidly and continuously form and dissolve networks on a subsecond timescale, offering effective and essential substrates for cognitive processes. Understanding how the dynamic organization of brain functional networks on a subsecond level varies across individuals is, therefore, of great interest for personalized neuroscience. However, it remains unclear whether features of such rapid network organization are reliably unique and stable in single subjects and, therefore, can be used in characterizing individual networks. Here, we used two sets of 5-min magnetoencephalography (MEG) resting data from 39 healthy subjects over two consecutive days and modeled the spontaneous brain activity as recurring networks fast shifting between each other in a coordinated manner. MEG cortical maps were obtained through source reconstruction using the beamformer method and subjects' temporal structure of recurring networks was obtained via the Hidden Markov Model. Individual organization of dynamic brain activity was quantified with the features of the network-switching pattern (i.e., transition probability and mean interval time) and the time-allocation mode (i.e., fractional occupancy and mean lifetime). Using these features, we were able to identify subjects from the group with significant accuracies (~40% on average in 0.5-48 Hz). Notably, the default mode network displayed a distinguishable pattern, being the least frequently visited network with the longest duration for each visit. Together, we provide initial evidence suggesting that the rapid dynamic temporal organization of brain networks achieved in electrophysiology is intrinsic and subject specific.

12.
Neuroimage ; 210: 116573, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968232

RESUMO

A connection between the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and the cerebellum which has been shown to exist in non-human primates, was recently identified in humans. However, its anatomical features, network properties and function have yet to be elucidated in humans. In the present study, we quantified the STN-cerebellum pathway in humans and explored its function based on structural observations. Anatomical features and asymmetry index (AI) were explored using high definition fiber tractography data of 30 individuals from the Massachusetts General Hospital - Human Connectome Project adult diffusion database. Pearson's correlation analysis was performed to determine the interrelationship between the subdivisions of the STN-cerebellum and the global cortical-STN connections. The pathway was visualized bilaterally in all the subjects. Typically, after setting out from the STN, the STN-cerebellum projections incorporated into the nearby corticopontine tracts, passing through the cerebral peduncle, mediated by the pontine nucleus and then connecting in two opposite directions to join the bilateral middle cerebellar peduncle. On the group averaged level, 78.03% and 62.54% of fibers from the right and left STN respectively, distributed to Crus I in the cerebellum, part of the remaining fibers projected to Crus II, with most of the fibers crossing contralaterally. According to the AI evaluation, 60% of the participants were right STN dominant, 23% were left STN dominant, and 17% were relatively symmetric. Pearson's correlation analysis further indicated that the number of pathways from mesial Brodmann area 8 to the STN (hyperdirect pathway associated with decision making) was positively correlated with the number of fibers from the right STN to Crus I. The insertion and termination, the right-side dominance, and the positive correlation with the hyperdirect pathway all suggest that the STN-cerebellum pathway might be involved in decision-making processes.

13.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids ; 1865(5): 158633, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31988050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fargesin mainly functions in the improvement of lipid metabolism and the inhibition of inflammation, but the role of fargesin in atherogenesis and the molecular mechanisms have not been defined. We aimed to explore if and how fargesin affects atherosclerosis by regulating lipid metabolism and inflammatory response. METHODS AND RESULTS: ApoE-/- mice were fed a high-fat diet to form atherosclerotic plaques and then administrated with fargesin or saline via gavage. Oil Red O, HE and Masson staining were performed to assess atherosclerostic plaques in apoE-/- mice. [3H] labeled cholesterol was used to detect cholesterol efflux and reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) efficiency. Enzymatic methods were performed to analyze plasma lipid profile in apoE-/- mice. Immunohistochemistry was used to analyze macrophage infiltration. THP-1-derived macrophages were incubated with fargesin or not. Both Western blot and qRT-PCR were applied to detect target gene expression. Oil Red O staining was applied to examine lipid accumulation in THP-1-derived macrophages. ELISA and qRT-PCR were used to examine the levels of inflammatory mediotors. We found that fargesin reduced atherosclerotic lesions by elevating efficiency of RCT and decreasing inflammatory response via upregulation of ABCA1 and ABCG1 expression in apoE-/- mice. Further, fargesin reduced lipid accumulation in THP-1-derived macrophages. Besides, fargesin increased phosphorylation of CEBPα in Ser21 and then upregulated LXRα, ABCA1 and ABCG1 expression in THP-1-derived macrophages. In addition, fargesin could reduce ox-LDL-induced inflammatory response by inactivation of the TLR4/NF-κB pathway. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that fargesin inhibits atherosclerosis by promoting RCT process and reducing inflammatory response via CEBPαS21/LXRα and TLR4/NF-κB pathways, respectively.

14.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids ; 1865(2): 158535, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678621

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1), a secreted protein, mainly regulates angiogenesis. Ang-1 has been shown to promote the development of atherosclerosis, whereas little is known about its effects on lipid metabolism and inflammation in this process. METHOD: Ang-1 was transfected into ApoE-/- mice via lentiviral vector or incubated with THP-1 derived macrophages. Oil red O and HE staining were performed to measure the size of atherosclerotic plaques in ApoE-/- mice. Immunofluorescence was employed to show the expression of target proteins in aorta. [3H] labeled cholesterol was performed to examine the efficiency of cholesterol efflux and reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) both in vivo and vitro. Western blot and qPCR were used to quantify target proteins both in vivo and vitro. ELISA detected the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in mouse peritoneal macrophage. RESULTS: Our data showed that Ang-1 augmented atherosclerotic plaques formation and inhibited cholesterol efflux. The binding of Ang-1 to Tie2 resulted in downregulation of LXRα, ABCA1 and ABCG1 expression via inhibiting the translocation of TFE3 into nucleus. In addition, Ang-1 decreased serum HDL-C levels and reduced reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) in ApoE-/- mice. Furthermore, Ang-1 induced lipid accumulation followed by increasing TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß,and MCP-1 produced by MPMs, as well as inducing M1 phenotype macrophage marker iNOS and CD86 expression in aorta of ApoE-/- mice. CONCLUSION: Ang-1 has an adverse effect on cholesterol efflux by decreasing the expression of ABCA1 and ABCG1 via Tie2/TFE3/LXRα pathway, thereby promoting inflammation and accelerating atherosclerosis progression.

15.
Neuroimage ; 206: 116318, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689538

RESUMO

Spatial normalization or deformation to a standard brain template is routinely used as a key module in various pipelines for the processing of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. Brain templates are often constructed using MRI data from a limited number of subjects. Individual brains show significant variabilities in their morphology; thus, sample sizes and population differences are two key factors that influence brain template construction. To address these influences, we employed two independent groups from the Human Connectome Project (HCP) and the Chinese Human Connectome Project (CHCP) to quantify the impacts of sample sizes and population on brain template construction. We first assessed the effect of sample size on the construction of volumetric brain templates using data subsets from the HCP and CHCP datasets. We applied a voxel-wise index of the deformation variability and a logarithmically transformed Jacobian determinant to quantify the variability associated with the template construction and modeled the brain template variability as a power function of the sample size. At the system level, the frontoparietal control network and dorsal attention network demonstrated higher deformation variability and logged Jacobian determinants, whereas other primary networks showed lower variability. To investigate the population differences, we constructed Caucasian and Chinese standard brain atlases (namely, US200 and CN200). The two demographically matched templates, particularly the language-related areas, exhibited dramatic bilaterally in supramarginal gyri and inferior frontal gyri differences in their deformation variability and logged Jacobian determinant. Using independent data from the HCP and CHCP, we examined the segmentation and registration accuracy and observed significant reduction in the performance of the brain segmentation and registration when the population-mismatched templates were used in the spatial normalization. Our findings provide evidence to support the use of population-matched templates in human brain mapping studies. The US200 and CN200 templates have been released on the Neuroimage Informatics Tools and Resources Clearinghouse (NITRC) website (https://www.nitrc.org/projects/us200_cn200/).

16.
Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 19(1): 20-30, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although a number of clinical studies have investigated the effectiveness and safety of auricular therapy for treating hypertension, the overall evidence remains uncertain. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the evidence for the effect of auricular therapy on blood pressure using meta-analysis methodology. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases, Clinicalkey, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Scientific Journal Database and Wanfang Database and Chinese Biomedicine for trials that compared the effects of auricular therapy to that of sham auricular therapy, antihypertensive drugs, or no intervention on blood pressure. Blood pressure values before and after treatment, magnitude of blood pressure change between baseline and post-intervention, and the efficacy rate, as outcomes, were synthesized by RevMan 5.3. Continuous outcomes were expressed as weighted mean differences, and dichotomous data were expressed as relative risks with 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: We systematically reviewed 44 randomized controlled trials (involving 5022 patients through June 2018). Auricular acupressure plus antihypertensive drugs might be more effective than antihypertensive drugs alone in both reducing systolic blood pressure value after treatment (n=464 patients; mean difference, -5.06 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval, -6.76- -3.36, p<0.00001; I2=32%), decreasing diastolic blood pressure after treatment (n=464 patients; mean difference, -5.30 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval, -6.27- -4.33, p<0.00001; I2=0%) and the efficacy rate (relative risk, 1.22; 95% confidence interval, 1.17-1.26; p<0.00001; I2=0%). CONCLUSION: Auricular therapy could be provided to patients with hypertension as an adjunct to antihypertensive drugs for lowering blood pressure value and achieving blood pressure targets.

17.
Sleep ; 43(2)2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555827

RESUMO

Arousals commonly occur during human sleep and have been associated with several sleep disorders. Arousals are characterized as an abrupt electroencephalography (EEG) frequency change to higher frequencies during sleep. However, the human brain regions involved in arousal are not yet clear. Simultaneous EEG and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were recorded during the early portion of the sleep period in healthy young adults. Arousals were identified based on the EEG data, and fMRI signal changes associated with 83 arousals from 19 subjects were analyzed. Subcortical regions, including the midbrain, thalamus, basal ganglia, and cerebellum, were activated with arousal. Cortices, including the temporal gyrus, occipital gyrus, and frontal gyrus, were deactivated with arousal. The activations associated with arousal in the subcortical regions were consistent with previous findings of subcortical involvement in behavioral arousal and consciousness. Cortical deactivations may serve as a mechanism to direct incoming sensory stimuli to specific brain regions, thereby monitoring environmental perturbations during sleep.

18.
Brain Lang ; 201: 104713, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759299

RESUMO

Language communication is crucial throughout the lifespan. The current study investigated how aging affects the brain network subserving intelligible speech. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we compared brain responses to intelligible and unintelligible speech between older and young adults. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed reduced brain activation and lower regional pattern distinctions in response to intelligible versus unintelligible speech in the left anterior superior temporal gyrus (aSTG) and the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) in the older compared with young adults. Notably, the functional connectivity between the left IFG and the left angular gyrus (AG) was increased and a significantly enhanced bidirectional effective connectivity between the left aSTG and the left AG was observed in the older adults for processing speech intelligibility. Our study revealed aging-related differences in the cortical activity for intelligible speech and suggested that increased frontal-temporal-parietal functional integration may help facilitate spoken language processing in older adults.

19.
Gene ; 728: 144279, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821871

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: Chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) is the most common form of primary glomerular disease. Qi Teng Xiao Zhuo granules have been proposed as a prescription of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treatment of CGN, however,the comprehensive molecular mechanism underlying this therapeutic effectremains unclear to date. Our study aimed to evaluate and analyze the possible roles and molecular mechanisms of Qi Teng Xiao Zhuo granule-mediated treatment of CGN induced by adriamycin in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RNA-sequencing and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were applied to identify specifically expressed long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in glomerular tissues of rats from the control group, adriamycin-induced group, and Qi Teng Xiao Zhuo granules group (n = 3). Differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs (messengerRNAs) were screened out among the 3 groups. Gene ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analyses were performed to analyze the biological functions and pathways for mRNAs. LncRNA-mRNA co-expression network was constructed to analyse for the genes. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was visualized. RESULTS: A total of 473 significantly up and down-regulated lncRNAs, 753 up and down-regulated mRNAs were identified. Additionally, it is worth noting that TOP2a (topoisomerase (DNA) II alpha), with the highest connectivity degree in PPI network, was enriched in variouskinds of pathways. Coding-non-coding gene co-expression networks (CNC network) were drawn based on the correlation analysis between lncRNAs and mRNAs. Ten lncRNAs, NONRATT009275.2, NONRATT025409.2, NONRATT025419.2, MSTRG.7681.1, ENSRNOT00000084373, NONRATT000512.2, NONRATT006734.2, ENSRNOT00000084386, NONRATT021738.2, ENSRNOT00000084080, were selected to analyse the relationship between LncRNAs and Qi Teng Xiao Zhuo granules via the CNC network (Coding-non-coding gene co-expression networks) and GO analysis. Real-time PCR results confirmed that the six lncRNAs were specifically expressed in the Qi Teng Xiao Zhuo granules rats. CONCLUSIONS: The ten lncRNAs might play important roles in the Qi Teng Xiao Zhuo granules treatment of CGN. Key genes, such as Ptprc (protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, C), TOP2a, Fos (FBJ osteosarcoma oncogene), Myc (myelocytomatosis oncogene), etc, may be crucial biomarkers for Qi Teng Xiao Zhuo granules.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glomerulonefrite/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Animais , Doença Crônica , Glomerulonefrite/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
20.
Cereb Cortex ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814022

RESUMO

The spatial topological properties of cortical regions vary across individuals. Connectivity-based functional and anatomical cortical mapping in individuals will facilitate research on structure-function relationships. However, individual-specific cortical topographic properties derived from anatomical connectivity are less explored than those based on functional connectivity. We aimed to develop a novel individualized anatomical connectivity-based parcellation framework and investigate individual differences in spatial topographic features of cortical regions using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) tractography. Using a high-quality, repeated-session dMRI dataset (42 subjects, 2 sessions per subject), cortical parcels were derived through in vivo anatomical connectivity-based parcellation. These individual-specific parcels demonstrated good within-individual reproducibility and reflected interindividual differences in anatomical brain organization. Connectivity in these individual-specific parcels was significantly more homogeneous than that based on the group atlas. We found that the position, size, and topography of these anatomical parcels were highly variable across individuals and demonstrated nonredundant information about individual differences. Finally, we found that intersubject variability in anatomical connectivity was correlated with the diversity of anatomical connectivity patterns. Overall, we identified cortical parcels that show homogeneous anatomical connectivity patterns. These parcels displayed marked intersubject spatial variability, which may be used in future functional studies to reveal structure-function relationships in the human brain.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA