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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 770: 144756, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33513503

RESUMO

The saltmarsh plant Spartina alterniflora was introduced to the Jiangsu coasts, China and serves as an ecological engineer to reduce near-bed shear stress, trap fine-grained sediments and protect the coast from wave-induced erosion. The saltmarshes thus could record the Spartina colonization-driven changes within the sedimentary layers. Based on these ecological and sedimentological changes in sediments, we present a new eco-parametric method to estimate the sedimentation rate for the newly-formed wetlands in the Yancheng Wetland Nature Reserve for Rare Birds, Jiangsu. Sediment cores and satellite imagery were used to identify the thickness of accumulated sediment layers and the time since the Spartina colonization. We defined the original ground on which Spartina alterniflora initially colonized using pigment concentrations, grain size and stable carbon isotopic compositions of organic matter (δ13C) in sediments. We also determined the time mark of the Spartina colonization by examining the Landsat images over 1982-2018 to discriminate the Spartina alterniflora from other native plants and geomorphological features. These two datasets yielded a sedimentation rate of 3.3 cm/yr for Core A and of 9.6 cm/yr for Core B, the latter evidenced by an increase of ~ 0.51 m in the bed level from 2008 to 2014. Combining the 210Pb dating method, we further estimated the sedimentation rate for the layers beneath the original ground, which was comparable to that of the bare flats in the Jiangsu coast. Even though this new method is only applicable to newly-formed saltmarshes, it helps identify the recent sedimentation events as well as reveal the environmental changes and the evolution of saltmarsh-bare flat systems due to the interplay between vegetation, hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics. It thus could be an efficient and cost-effective tool for an improved understanding of the response of coastal wetlands to a changing climate/environment.

2.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 880, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297944

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Late blight disease (LBD) caused by the pathogen Phytophthora infestans (PI), is the most devastating disease limiting potato (Solanum tuberosum) production globally. Currently, this disease pathogen is re-emerging and appearing in new areas at a very high intensity. A better understanding of the natural defense mechanisms against PI in different potato cultivars especially at the protein level is still lacking. Therefore, to elucidate potato proteome response to PI, we investigated changes in the proteome and leaf morphology of three potato cultivars, namely; Favorita (FA), Mira (MA), and E-malingshu N0.14 (E14) infected with PI by using the iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics analysis. RESULTS: A total of 3306 proteins were found in the three potato genotypes, and 2044 proteins were quantified. Cluster analysis revealed MA and E14 clustered together separately from FA. The protein profile and related functions revealed that the cultivars shared a typical hypersensitive response to PI, including induction of elicitors, oxidative burst, and suppression of photosynthesis in the potato leaves. Meanwhile, MA and E14 deployed additional specific response mechanism different from FA, involving high induction of protease inhibitors, serine/threonine kinases, terpenoid, hormone signaling, and transport, which contributed to MA tolerance of LBD. Furthermore, inductions of pathogenesis-related proteins, LRR receptor-like kinases, mitogen-activated protein kinase, WRKY transcription factors, jasmonic acid, and phenolic compounds mediate E14 resistance against LBD. These proteins were confirmed at the transcription level by a quantitative polymerase chain reaction and at the translation level by western-blot. CONCLUSIONS: We found several proteins that were differentially abundant among the cultivars, that includes common and cultivar specific proteins which highlighted similarities and significant differences between FA, MA, and E14 in terms of their defense response to PI. Here the specific accumulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase, Serine/threonine kinases, WRKY transcription played a positive role in E14 immunity against PI. The candidate proteins identified reported in this study will form the basis of future studies and may improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of late blight disease resistance in potato.

3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 90: 107194, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33290965

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a worldwide prototypical complex disease, owing to its multifactorial causes, relapsing and remitting condition and high incidence. Thus, effective therapeutic approaches need to be developed for patients with IBD. Currently, we reported the improving effect of magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate on colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). We found that magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate treatment significantly alleviated DSS-induced acute and chronic colitis by inhibiting the inflammatory response characterized by reduce of the infiltrations of immune cell and the level of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Besides, magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate treatment significantly inhibited the level of ROS and decreased the gut barrier destruction after DSS treatment. Furthermore, the results also showed that administration of magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate significantly reduced the colonic fibrosis. Taken together, these results revealed the potency of magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate on the intestinal inflammation, by which points to the possible use of magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate for IBD therapy in clinical applications.

4.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(10): 3179-3193, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33163264

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is a gynecological malignant tumor with a high morbidity. Livin is a novel member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, which is expressed in various malignant tumors and is suggested to be a poor prognostic factor. However, the prognostic significance of Livin and the molecular mechanisms by which Livin promotes ovarian cancer progression are poorly understood. In this study, the upregulation of Livin was confirmed both in primary specimens from ovarian cancer patients and in ovarian cancer cell lines compared to normal controls in vitro. Overexpression of specific Livin transcripts promoted cell growth and migration in vitro, while knockdown of Livin expression suppressed these cellular processes. These effects of the Livin gene were also demonstrated in a xenograft mouse model. Mechanistic studies further revealed that Livin promotes the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells by activating the transcriptional coactivator YAP, a critical component of the Hippo signaling pathway. Furthermore, we revealed that inhibition of YAP by short-hairpin RNA prevents the growth and invasion of ovarian cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. Therefore, Livin may be a potential novel therapeutic target for the treatment of ovarian cancer.

5.
J Immunol ; 205(10): 2905-2915, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028620

RESUMO

Identification of effective therapies for colorectal cancer (CRC) remains an urgent medical need, especially for the microsatellite-stable (MSS) phenotype. In the current study, a combination of fruquintinib plus anti-PD-1 for MSS CRC therapy was investigated. First, a case of advanced MSS CRC was reported. After failure of multiline therapy, the patient finally achieved rapid response after receiving fruquintinib plus anti-PD-1 treatment. Then the effect of fruquintinib plus anti-PD-1 was verified using a murine syngeneic model of CT26 cells (MSS). The results showed that cotreatment significantly inhibited tumor growth and promote survival time for tumor-bearing mice compared with the single drug alone. In addition, fruquintinib/anti-PD-1 cotreatment decreased angiogenesis, enhanced normalization of the vascular structure, and alleviated tumor hypoxia. Moreover, the combination therapy reprogrammed the immune microenvironment by enhancing chemotactic factor release, increasing CD8+ T cell infiltration and activation, decreasing ration of regulatory T cells, and promoting M1/M2 ratio of macrophage. Finally, the enhanced antitumor effect of fruquintinib/anti-PD-1 cotreatment was significantly reversed in CD8 knockout mice compared with that in the wild-type mice. Our study indicated that combination of fruquintinib and anti-PD-1 could synergistically suppress CRC progression and altered the tumor microenvironment in favor of antitumor immune responses.

6.
Nat Plants ; 6(9): 1167-1178, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868891

RESUMO

Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) is an important crop species and an emerging model plant for C4 grasses. However, functional genomics research on foxtail millet is challenging because of its long generation time, relatively large stature and recalcitrance to genetic transformation. Here we report the development of xiaomi, a rapid-cycling mini foxtail millet mutant as a C4 model system. Five to six generations of xiaomi can be grown in a year in growth chambers due to its short life cycle and small plant size, similar to Arabidopsis. A point mutation in the Phytochrome C (PHYC) gene was found to be causal for these characteristics. PHYC encodes a light receptor essential for photoperiodic flowering. A reference-grade xiaomi genome comprising 429.94 Mb of sequence was assembled and a gene-expression atlas from 11 different tissues was developed. These resources, together with an established highly efficient transformation system and a multi-omics database, make xiaomi an ideal model system for functional studies of C4 plants.

7.
J Exp Bot ; 71(20): 6670-6683, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827031

RESUMO

Genomic prediction of nitrogen-use efficiency (NUE) has not previously been studied in perennial grass species exposed to low-N stress. Here, we conducted a genomic prediction of physiological traits and NUE in 184 global accessions of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) in response to a normal (7.5 mM) and low (0.75 mM) supply of N. After 21 d of treatment under greenhouse conditions, significant variations in plant height increment (ΔHT), leaf fresh weight (LFW), leaf dry weight (LDW), chlorophyll index (Chl), chlorophyll fluorescence, leaf N and carbon (C) contents, C/N ratio, and NUE were observed in accessions , but to a greater extent under low-N stress. Six genomic prediction models were applied to the data, namely the Bayesian method Bayes C, Bayesian LASSO, Bayesian Ridge Regression, Ridge Regression-Best Linear Unbiased Prediction, Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces, and randomForest. These models produced similar prediction accuracy of traits within the normal or low-N treatments, but the accuracy differed between the two treatments. ΔHT, LFW, LDW, and C were predicted slightly better under normal N with a mean Pearson r-value of 0.26, compared with r=0.22 under low N, while the prediction accuracies for Chl, N, C/N, and NUE were significantly improved under low-N stress with a mean r=0.45, compared with r=0.26 under normal N. The population panel contained three population structures, which generally had no effect on prediction accuracy. The moderate prediction accuracies obtained for N, C, and NUE under low-N stress are promising, and suggest a feasible means by which germplasm might be initially assessed for further detailed studies in breeding programs.

8.
Nano Lett ; 20(9): 6299-6305, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787162

RESUMO

We investigate electronic states of Se-substituted 1T-TaS2 by scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS), where superconductivity emerges from the unique Mott-charge-density-wave (Mott-CDW) state. Spatially resolved STS measurements reveal that a pseudogap replaces the Mott gap with the CDW gaps intact. The pseudogap has little correlation with the unit-cell-to-unit-cell variation in the local Se concentration but appears globally. The correlation length of the local density of states (LDOS) is substantially enhanced at the Fermi energy and decays rapidly at high energies. Furthermore, the statistical analysis of LDOS indicates the weak multifractal behavior of the wave functions. These findings suggest a correlated metallic state induced by disorder and provide a new insight into the emerging superconductivity in two-dimensional materials.

9.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 528(4): 678-684, 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513535

RESUMO

Cisplatin-based chemotherapeutics represent a mainstay of lung cancer therapy, but resistance limits their curative potential. In the current study, we reported that Pidotimod, which is an immunostimulant and used for the prevention of acute respiratory infections, elevated cisplatin sensitivity, leading to the synergistic attenuation of tumor growth in mouse lewis lung cancer (LLC) model. With further exploration, we found that Pidotimod enhanced the anti-growth effect of cisplatin on LLC via promoting anti-tumor response, such as increased infiltration of dendrite cells (DCs) and CD8+ T cells as well as enhancement of IFN-γ and Granzyme B expression. In summary, Pidotimod affects the anti-tumor function of cisplatin via promoting anti-tumor immune response and these findings provide a novel approach for the development of therapeutic strategies for lung cancer.

10.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(12): 10012-10023, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557574

RESUMO

Inflammatory responses mediated by macrophages play a role in tissue repair. However, it is unclear whether the repair in the donor site after liposuction would have any effects on fat graft retention in the recipient site. This study is designed to evaluate the effects of a macrophage-mediated inflammatory response in donor sites on long-term retention of fat grafting. In this study, mice were randomly divided into two groups. One underwent simulated liposuction, called the fat procurement plus grafting (Pro-Grafting) group, and the other underwent sham surgery, called the fat grafting only (Grafting Only) group. The prepared fat (0.3 ml each) was engrafted and cellular events over a 90-day period were assessed. We found macrophages were infiltrated into adipose tissue at the recipient site in the Grafting Only group within 7 days and the repair essentially completed within 30 days. By contrast, few macrophages infiltrated the recipient site in the Pro-Grafting group within 7 days and the entire remodeling process took 30 days longer in the Pro-Grafting than the Grafting Only group. Moreover, C-reactive protein levels were immediately upregulated after surgery, and the inflammatory factors' expression was higher at the donor rather than the recipient site. However, the repair processes and the long-term retention rate became normal when the adipose tissue was grafted after the donor site did not require macrophages for repair. Therefore, we suggest higher inflammatory factors promote macrophage infiltration and the adipose tissue regeneration process at the donor site. This process is delayed at the recipient site, which may affect long-term retention of fat grafts.

11.
Microb Cell Fact ; 19(1): 112, 2020 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32448275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The signal peptides (SPs) of secretory proteins are frequently used or modified to guide recombinant proteins outside the cytoplasm of prokaryotic cells. In the periplasmic space and extracellular environment, recombinant proteins are kept away from the intracellular proteases and often they can fold correctly and efficiently. Consequently, expression levels of the recombinant protein can be enhanced by the presence of a SP. However, little attention has been paid to the use of SPs with low translocation efficiency for recombinant protein production. In this paper, the function of the signal peptide of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cry1Ia toxin (Iasp), which is speculated to be a weak translocation signal, on regulation of protein expression was investigated using fluorescent proteins as reporters. RESULTS: When fused to the N-terminal of eGFP or mCherry, the Iasp can improve the expression of the fluorescent proteins and as a consequence enhance the fluorescent intensity of both Escherichia coli and Bt host cells. Real-time quantitative PCR analysis revealed the higher transcript levels of Iegfp over those of egfp gene in E. coli TG1 cells. By immunoblot analysis and confocal microscope observation, lower translocation efficiency of IeGFP was demonstrated. The novel fluorescent fusion protein IeGFP was then used to compare the relative strengths of cry1Ia (Pi) and cry1Ac (Pac) gene promoters in Bt strain, the latter promoter proving the stronger. The eGFP reporter, by contrast, cannot indicate unambiguously the regulation pattern of Pi at the same level of sensitivity. The fluorescent signals of E. coli and Bt cells expressing the Iasp fused mCherry (ImCherry) were also enhanced. Importantly, the Iasp can also enhanced the expression of two difficult-to-express proteins, matrix metalloprotease-13 (MMP13) and myostatin (growth differentiating factor-8, GDF8) in E. coli BL21-star (DE3) strain. CONCLUSIONS: We identified the positive effects of a weak signal peptide, Iasp, on the expression of fluorescent proteins and other recombinant proteins in bacteria. The produced IeGFP and ImCherry can be used as novel fluorescent protein variants in prokaryotic cells. The results suggested the potential application of Iasp as a novel fusion tag for improving the recombinant protein expression.

12.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(22): 28276-28287, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415449

RESUMO

Marine sediment is the final sink of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from river input and atmospheric deposition. Such kind of pollutant cycles in the marine environment is usually controlled by hydrodynamic conditions. Many previous studies have explored how ocean currents influence pollutant distribution, but very few studies have focused on the relationships between the distribution patterns of pollutant and residual currents or sediment transport. In this study, 16 monomers of PAHs from 135 surface sediment samples collected in the Hangzhou Bay, a typical macrotidal bay, were systematically identified and their sources were analyzed. The sediment characteristics and distribution pattern were also comprehensively analyzed. The results showed the seabed sediments were moderately polluted by PAHs with a level of 38.58-1371.06 ng/g (median 186.70 ng/g). Most of the PAHs are composed of three to five rings, originated from combustion of coal and firewood. The combustion of oil also contributes to PAHs in seabed sediments for some areas. The PAHs are found to be concentrated within the estuary and the offshore areas, as well in coastal ocean. Fine-grained sediment transport is controlled by residual currents, which leads to PAH accumulation in the bay and the offshore areas, forming a high-value distribution pattern. Hence, we conclude that residual current is the main factors that control the long-term distribution of PAHs in the seabed sediments of the macrotidal bay. Temporal and spatial varying models of PAHs were needed in a further study to explore further the mechanisms how PAHs are transported in coastal areas.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Baías , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos
13.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 83: 106426, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220806

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease could result in diarrhea and abdominal pain, as well as potential complications such as tissue fibrosis. The therapeutic effect of andrographolide sulfonate on acute murine experimental colitis induced by 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) has been confirmed. In the study here, chronic colitis triggered by repeated intrarectal administration of TNBS was established and the effect of andrographolide sulfonate was examined. Repeated TNBS administration induced substantial mice death, which was significantly decreased by andrographolide sulfonate treatment. The elevation of inflammatory cytokines including IL-6, IL-17A, TNF-α as well as IFN-γ in colonic tissues levels were decreased after administration of andrographolide sulfonate. Next, CD4+ T cell and macrophage infiltration was found to descend. The subset of pathogenic CD4+ T cell subset including CD4+IFN-γ+ (Th1) and CD4+IL-17A+ (Th17) were also suppressed by andrographolide sulfonate. Further, the restrain of p38 and p65 activation were also observed after andrographolide sulfonate administration. Finally, TNBS-induced colonic epithelial damage as well as fibrosis were significantly mitigated by andrographolide sulfonate. Based on the results got here, we can make a conclusion that andrographolide sulfonate could decrease inflammation and epithelial damage as well as fibrosis thus ameliorating chronic colitis in mice. Our study suggest the possible use of andrographolide sulfonate for chronic colitis treatment in clinical.

14.
Reprod Sci ; 27(3): 793-805, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096023

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a common reproductive system disease worldwide that mainly causes chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Despite its high prevalence, the diagnosis of some patients with endometriosis is delayed for several years, which may be because the gold standard for diagnosis is an expensive and invasive surgical assessment by laparoscopy or laparotomy. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in a wide range of diseases, including endometriosis, and have been discovered to be potential diagnostic markers. This meta-analysis, which was designed to investigate the diagnostic value of circulating miRNAs for endometriosis, summarizes miRNA articles that met a set of inclusion criteria. Using a bivariate model, we calculated the sensitivities, specificities, and area under the curve (AUC) values of individual miRNAs and miRNA panels. The pooled diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve were 0.86 (95% CI 0.79-0.90), 0.88 (95% CI 0.80-0.93), 7.05 (95% CI 4.20-11.84), 0.16 (95% CI 11-0.24), and 0.93, respectively. Taken together, these findings indicate that circulating microRNAs may serve as potential noninvasive biomarkers of endometriosis.

15.
Environ Int ; 136: 105439, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918335

RESUMO

Although interest in biochar remediation is growing, the effects of long-term biochar loading on soil environments have not been clearly confirmed. The contents and characteristics of water-soluble organic matter (WSOM) from soils after eight years of biochar remediation were investigated, and the vertical co-migration of heavy metals controlled by interactions between WSOM, soil and contaminants were also analyzed. The results showed that biochar-leaching WSOM featured high aromaticity. Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (EEM) spectrophotometry was employed, and three primary components, including fulvic-acid-like (FA-like), tryptophan, and humic-acid-like (HA-like) compounds, were identified in the EEM spectra via parallel factor analysis models. With increasing biochar loading, FA-like and HA-like greatly increased, but tryptophan showed a weak response. Furthermore, the WSOM was freeze dried and analyzed with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and the results demonstrated that the BC treatment increased oxygen-containing functional groups and enhanced the complexation capability of the WSOM. Finally, the Cd and Pb concentrations in the WSOM were investigated, and Cd was found to decrease in top-soil WSOM with added BC because of increased complexation, but the Pb content increased because exchangeable and carbonate Pb converted into organic Pb. Further, the Cd and Pb concentrations decreased in sub-soil WSOM. These findings suggest that more efforts should be devoted to studying the effects of long-term biochar loading on soil environments.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Solo , Água
16.
Water Res ; 169: 115225, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677434

RESUMO

Human-induced catchment changes have affected the sedimentary processes in marginal seas, which will impact the transport and burial processes of materials and inevitably impact marine biogeochemical cycles. Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and sediment characteristics in surface sediments from the East China Sea (ECS) at two time points (2006 and 2018) were compared to understand the response of OCPs to human-induced catchment changes. A significant coarsening trend occurred after the impoundment of the Three Gorges Dam (TGD), with the mean grain size increasing from 6.4 ±â€¯1.2 Φ to 4.4 ±â€¯2.1 Φ, suggesting that the sedimentary environment in the ECS changed drastically. OCP concentrations in the ECS evidently decreased after the impoundment of the TGD, with mean values decreasing from 2.55 ±â€¯1.51 ng g-1 to 1.08 ±â€¯0.84 ng g-1. The deposition flux of OCP also decreased from 2.65 ±â€¯1.67 ng cm-2 yr-1 to 0.89 ±â€¯0.60 ng cm-2 yr-1. The reduction in the riverine input might be the reason that caused variations in the OCP concentration and deposition flux. In addition, sediment coarsening is likely to be the another primary factor influencing the differences in the distribution and deposition flux of the OCPs in the ECS. Therefore, the distribution and burial of OCPs in the ECS have been changed drastically, which may broadly impact the marine environment and biogeochemical cycles.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Clorados , Praguicidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Humanos , Oceanos e Mares
17.
Ann Plast Surg ; 84(4): 418-424, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of medial sural vessels (MSVs) as recipient vessels to repair wounds in the lower limbs has been previously reported. However, there is controversy regarding the methods used to expose MSVs and the repairable area of the wound. METHODS: Eight fresh cadavers were used to determine the shape, outer diameter, and length of the MSVs arising from the popliteal vessels. Lower extremity wounds were repaired in 7 patients using free latissimus dorsi flaps with the MSVs as recipient vessels. The flap area ranged from 18 × 11 cm to 24 × 17 cm, and the postoperative follow-up time ranged from 7 to 60 months. RESULTS: The outer diameter of the medial sural artery from the starting point of the popliteal artery was 2.48 ± 0.24 mm. After descending 29.98 ± 4.62 mm, the vessels entered the muscle; the outer diameter of the blood vessel upon entry was 2.24 ± 0.17 mm. Notably, the outer diameter of the vessel was 1.88 ± 0.09 mm only 2 cm after entering the muscle. Seven cases were treated clinically. In 6 cases, we used an approach between the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle and the tibia to expose and anastomose the MSVs. In 1 case, the vascular diameter was mismatched. After surgery, the flap survived completely in 6 cases. The remaining case experienced epidermal necrosis in the distal part of the flap, which resolved spontaneously. There were no obvious complications. CONCLUSIONS: An approach between the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle and the tibia can easily expose and anastomose the MSVs in a lateral position. Latissimus dorsi flaps were useful in repairing limb wounds as far as the talocrural region with the MSVs as the recipient vessels.

18.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(6): 1323-1333, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mature adipocytes dedifferentiate in vivo on application of a soft-tissue expander. Dedifferentiated adipocytes can proliferate and redifferentiate. This study used tissue expanders to pretreat adipose flaps, to increase the retention rate after fat graft. METHODS: A soft-tissue expander and silicone sheet were implanted beneath the left and right inguinal fat pads of rats, respectively. After 7 days of expansion, the adipose tissue derived from the pads was transplanted beneath dorsal skin. Samples were harvested at various time points, and histologic, immunohistochemical, and gene expression analyses were conducted. Mature adipocytes were cultured in vitro under a pressure of 520 Pa. Changes in cell morphology, the cytoskeleton, and expression of mechanical signal-related proteins were investigated. RESULTS: Pressure in adipose flaps increased to 25 kPa on expansion. Mature adipocytes dedifferentiated following expansion. At 1 week after transplantation, the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (p < 0.05) was higher in the expanded group. The retention rate at 12 weeks after transplantation was higher in the expanded group (56 ± 3 percent) than in the control group (32 ± 3 percent) (p < 0.05), and the surviving/regenerating zones (p < 0.01) were wider. The lipid content of mature adipocytes gradually decreased on culture under increased pressure, and these cells regained a proliferative capacity. This was accompanied by increased expression of mechanical signal--related proteins (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical signals may induce dedifferentiation of mature adipocytes. Dedifferentiated adipocytes increase the retention rate of fat grafts by acting as seed cells.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/citologia , Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Desdiferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Actinas/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/fisiologia , Expansão de Tecido/instrumentação , Dispositivos para Expansão de Tecidos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(42): 38648-38653, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577119

RESUMO

Developing environmentally friendly, stable, and narrow and direct band gap halide perovskite materials has attracted substantial interest because of their wide range of potential applications. Here, an all-inorganic Pb-free halide double perovskite, Cs2NaVCl6, was prepared by the solid-state reaction method and hydrothermal method. Cs2NaVCl6 crystallizes in the cubic Fm3̅m space group with the unit parameter a = 10.3497(14) Å. The combined density functional theory and experimental study demonstrates that the compound is a direct band gap semiconductor with a band gap of ∼2.64 eV. More importantly, it exhibits strong visible and near-infrared light absorptions and markedly ambient and thermal stability.

20.
Biosci Rep ; 39(7)2019 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189742

RESUMO

This paper tried to explore ANRIL expression in ovarian cancer and how it affects cisplatin-sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells via regulation of let-7a/high-mobility group protein A2 (HMGA2) axis. qRT-PCR was used to detect ANRIL and let-7a levels in ovarian cancer tissues and cell lines (SKOV3 and SKOV3/DDP). Then cells were randomly assigned into Blank, negative control siRNA, ANRIL siRNA, let-7a inhibitor, and ANRIL siRNA+let-7a-inhibitor groups. CCK-8 assay was applied for assessing cell viability of cells treated with different concentrations of cisplatin. Flow cytometry was employed to test cell apoptosis rate. qRT-PCR and Western blot were performed for related molecules detection. Nude mice transplanted with SKOV3/DDP cells were used to confirm the effects of ANRIL siRNA on the cisplatin-sensitivity. Ovarian cancer tissues and cisplatin-resistant cells had increased ANRIL expression and decreased let-7a expression, and those patients with higher clinical stage and pathological grade showed higher ANRIL and lower let-7a. Dual-luciferase reporter-gene assay confirmed the targeting relationship between ANRIL and let-7a, and between let-7a and HMGA2. The cell viability and cisplatin IC50 were decreased in ANRIL siRNA group exposed to different concentrations of cisplatin, with enhanced apoptosis, as well as elevated let-7a and declined HMGA2, which would be reversed by let-7a inhibitor. Meanwhile, ANRIL down-regulation enhanced the inhibitory effect of cisplatin on tumor growth of nude mice and reduced tumor weight. Silencing ANRIL expression reduced HMGA2 expression to promote the apoptosis and improve cisplatin-sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells via up-regulating let-7a expression.


Assuntos
Cisplatino/farmacologia , Proteína HMGA2/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia
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