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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 729: 138753, 2020 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375068

RESUMO

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are emerging global environmental contaminants. Exploring the occurrence and environmental behavior of PFASs in the aquatic environment is a key step in solving global fluorine chemical pollution problems. In this study, surface water, pore water, and sediment were collected from the main tributary and the middle and lower reaches of the Daling River, adjacent to the Fuxin fluorochemical manufacturing facilities in Liaoning Province in China, to elucidate the occurrence and partition behavior of PFASs. The total concentrations of PFASs ranged from 48.4 to 4578 ng/L in the overlying water, from 173 to 9952 ng/L in the pore water, and from 2.16 to 40.3 ng/g dw in the sediment fraction. Generally, perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA) and perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS) were the predominant congeners in the samples, with the mean relative content fractions being almost consistently >40% in the dissolved phase and >25% in the sediment. Hexafluoropropylene oxide dimer acid (HFPO-DA) and chlorinated polyfluorinated ether sulfonic acid (6:2 Cl-PFESA) were detected, albeit at low levels. In addition, the detection frequency and the contribution of legacy long-chain PFASs in sediment were higher than those in the overlying water and pore water. Except for perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), the concentrations of the alternative PFASs in the pore water were higher than in the overlying water. The organic carbon fraction was a more important controlling factor for PFAS sediment levels than cations content. As with legacy long-chain PFASs, HFPO-DA and 6:2 Cl-PFESA tended to partition into the solid phase, whereas short-chain PFASs were readily distributed in the aqueous phase. Such research results will be helpful in modeling the transport and fate of PFASs released by point sources into coastal waters through rivers and in developing effective risk assessment and management strategies for the control of PFAS pollution.

2.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 14: 1705-1716, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440096

RESUMO

Purpose: Chlorogenic acid (CGA), a phenolic acid isolated from fruits and vegetables, has been established to have neuroprotective properties in relation to Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the precise mechanism by which CGA prevents cognitive deficits in AD has not been well studied. This study aimed to explore the potential molecular mechanism of CGA action using an Aß25-35-induced SH-SY5Y neuron injury and cogxnitive deficits model in APP/PS1 mice. Methods: Three-month-old male APP/PS1 double transgenic mice and a human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y) were used to assess the effects of CGA on AD in vivo and in vitro, respectively. Cognitive function in mice was measured using a Morris water maze (MWM) test. Hematoxylin and eosin, monodansylcadaverine fluorescence, LysoTracker Red (LTR), and immunofluorescence staining were used to evaluate the morphological changes in vivo and in vitro. The protein expressions of autophagy markers (LC3B-II/LC3B-I, p62/SQSTM, beclin1 and Atg5) and lysosomal-function-related markers (cathepsin D, mTOR, p-mTOR P70S6K, p-p70s6k and TFEB) were analyzed with Western blot analyses. Results: CGA treatment significantly improved spatial memory, relieved neuron damage, and inhibited autophagy in APP/PS1 mice (P<0.05). Moreover, CGA notably suppressed autophagosome production and enhanced autophagy flux in SH-SY5Y cells induced by Aß25-35 (P<0.05). Further analysis showed that CGA markedly promoted lysosomal activity, and this was accompanied by upregulated cathepsin D protein expression, which was induced by the mTOR/TFEB signaling pathway in APP/PS1 mice and Aß25-35-exposed SH-SY5Y cells (P<0.05). Conclusion: CGA treatment restored autophagic flux in the brain and alleviated cognitive impairments in APP/PS1 mice via enhanced activation of the mTOR/TFEB signaling pathway.

3.
Soft Matter ; 16(16): 3869-3881, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236197

RESUMO

Diffusion is an essential and fundamental means of transport of substances on cell membranes, and the dynamics of biomembranes plays a crucial role in the regulation of numerous cellular processes. The understanding of the complex mechanisms and the nature of particle diffusion have a bearing on establishing guidelines for the design of efficient transport materials and unique therapeutic approaches. Herein, this review article highlights the most recent advances in investigating diffusion dynamics of nanoscale objects on biological membranes, focusing on the approaches of tailored computer simulations and theoretical analysis. Due to the presence of the complicated and heterogeneous environment on native cell membranes, the diffusive transport behaviors of nanoparticles exhibit unique and variable characteristics. The general aspects and basic theories of normal diffusion and anomalous diffusion have been introduced. In addition, the influence of a series of external and internal factors on the diffusion behaviors is discussed, including particle size, membrane curvature, particle-membrane interactions or particle-inclusion, and the crowding degree of membranes. Finally, we seek to identify open problems in the existing experimental, simulation, and theoretical research studies, and to propose challenges for future development.

4.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 86(11)2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32245758

RESUMO

The type IX secretion system (T9SS), which is involved in pathogenicity, motility, and utilization of complex biopolymers, is a novel protein secretion system confined to the phylum Bacteroidetes Cytophaga hutchinsonii, a common cellulolytic soil bacterium belonging to the phylum Bacteroidetes, can rapidly digest crystalline cellulose using a novel strategy. In this study, the deletion mutant of chu_0174 (gldN) was obtained using PY6 medium supplemented with Stanier salts. GldN was verified to be a core component of C. hutchinsonii T9SS, and is indispensable for cellulose degradation, motility, and secretion of C-terminal domain (CTD) proteins. Notably, the ΔgldN mutant showed significant growth defects in Ca2+- and Mg2+-deficient media. These growth defects could be relieved by the addition of Ca2+ or Mg2+ The intracellular concentrations of Ca2+ and Mg2+ were markedly reduced in ΔgldN These results demonstrated that GldN is essential for the acquisition of trace amounts of Ca2+ and Mg2+, especially for Ca2+ Moreover, an outer membrane efflux protein, CHU_2807, which was decreased in abundance on the outer membrane of ΔgldN, is essential for normal growth in PY6 medium. The reduced intracellular accumulation of Ca2+ and Mg2+ in the Δ2807 mutant indicated that CHU_2807 is involved in the uptake of trace amounts of Ca2+ and Mg2+ This study provides insights into the role of T9SS in metal ion assimilation in C. hutchinsonii IMPORTANCE The widespread Gram-negative bacterium Cytophaga hutchinsonii uses a novel but poorly understood strategy to utilize crystalline cellulose. Recent studies showed that a T9SS exists in C. hutchinsonii and is involved in cellulose degradation and motility. However, the main components of the C. hutchinsonii T9SS and their functions are still unclear. Our study characterized the function of GldN, which is a core component of the T9SS. GldN was proved to play vital roles in cellulose degradation and cell motility. Notably, GldN is essential for the acquisition of Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions under Ca2+- and Mg2+-deficient conditions, revealing a link between the T9SS and the metal ion transport system. The outer membrane abundance of CHU_2807, which is essential for Ca2+ and Mg2+ uptake in PY6 medium, was affected by the deletion of GldN. This study demonstrated that the C. hutchinsonii T9SS has extensive functions, including cellulose degradation, motility, and metal ion assimilation, and contributes to further understanding of the function of the T9SS in the phylum Bacteroidetes.

5.
Psychol Med ; : 1-9, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32308167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is characterized by delayed P300 latency and reduced grey matter (GM) volume, respectively. The relationship between the features in aMCI is unclear. This study was to investigate the relationship between the altered P300 latency and the GM volume in aMCI. METHODS: Thirty-four aMCI and 34 well-matched normal controls (NC) were studied using electroencephalogram during a visual oddball task and scanned with MRI. Both tests were finished in the same day. RESULTS: As compared with the NC group, the aMCI group exhibited delayed P300 latency in parietal cortex and reduced GM volumes in bilateral temporal pole and left hippocampus/parahippocampal gyrus. A remarkable negative correlation was found between delayed P300 latency and reduced left hippocampal volume only in the aMCI group. Interestingly, the mediating analysis found P300 latency significantly mediated the association between right supramarginal gyrus volume and information processing speed indicated by Stroop Color and Word Test A scores. CONCLUSIONS: The association between delayed P300 latency and reduced left hippocampal volume in aMCI subjects suggests that reduced left hippocampal volume may be the potential structural basis of delayed P300 latency.

6.
Brain Topogr ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691911

RESUMO

Motor imagery is considered as an ideal window to observe neural processes of action representations. Behavioral evidence has indicated an alteration of motor imagery in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). However, it still remains unclear on the altered neurophysiological processing mechanism of motor imagery and whether this mechanism links the abnormal biological basis of motor imagery with impaired cognition in aMCI. This study was to investigate the altered neurophysiological processing mechanism of motor imagery and to examine the relationships between this knowledge and the altered structural basis of motor imagery with impaired cognition in aMCI. A hand mental rotation paradigm was used to manipulate the processing of motor imagery while event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded and gray matter (GM) voxel-based morphometry was performed in 20 aMCI and 29 healthy controls. Compared with controls, aMCI exhibited lower ERP amplitudes in parietal cortex and higher ERP amplitudes in frontal cortex during motor imagery. In addition, aMCI showed reduced GM volumes in cerebellum posterior lobe, insula and hippocampus/parahippocampal gyrus, and increased GM volumes in middle cingulate gyrus and superior frontal gyrus. Most importantly, increased ERP amplitude significantly mediated the association between increased GM and cognition. This study provided a novel evidence for the relationships between the electrophysiological processing mechanism and structural basis of motor imagery with impaired cognition in aMCI. It suggests that improving neural activity by stimulating the frontal lobe can potentially contribute to acquire motor imagery skills for neurological rehabilitation in aMCI subjects.

7.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(10): 6989-6999, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419013

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease with multiple molecular mechanisms. To investigate and contrast the molecular processes differing between bronchiolitis and emphysema phenotypes of COPD, we downloaded the GSE69818 microarray data set from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), which based on lung tissues from 38 patients with emphysema and 32 patients with bronchiolitis. Then, weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) and differential coexpression (DiffCoEx) analysis were performed, followed by gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis (KEGG) analysis. Modules and hub genes for bronchiolitis and emphysema were identified, and we found that genes in modules linked to neutrophil degranulation, Rho protein signal transduction and B cell receptor signalling were coexpressed in emphysema. DiffCoEx analysis showed that four hub genes (IFT88, CCDC103, MMP10 and Bik) were consistently expressed in emphysema patients; these hub genes were enriched, respectively, for functions of cilium assembly and movement, proteolysis and apoptotic mitochondrial changes. In our re-analysis of GSE69818, gene expression networks in relation to emphysema deepen insights into the molecular mechanism of COPD and also identify some promising therapeutic targets.

8.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(9): 6283-6294, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257716

RESUMO

Cucurbitacin B (CuB) isolated from Cucumis melo by using a PC12 cell bioassay system exhibited significant nerve growth factor (NGF)-mimic or NGF-enhancing activity in PC12 and primary neuron cells. It was also demonstrated pro-neurogenesis effects in ICR and APP/PS1 mice and improved memory deficit of APP/PS1 mice. Its possible mechanism includes significant induction of the phosphorylation of glucocorticoid receptor (GR), protein kinase C (PKC), phospholipase C (PLC) and inhibition of cofilin. ChemProteoBase profiling, binding assay and cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA) were used to determine the target protein. Results revealed that CuB could affect actin dynamics as an actin inhibitor but did not bind with GR. The protein level of cofilin in PC12 cells after treating 0.3 µM and different temperatures was significantly higher than that of control group. Other neurotrophic signalling pathways, such as TrkA/TrkB, were analysed with specific inhibitors and Western blot. The inhibitors of TrkA, PLC, PKC, Ras, Raf and ERK1/2 significantly decreased the percentage of PC12 cells with neurite outgrowth and shortened the length of neurite outgrowth induced by CuB. CuB significantly induced the phosphorylation of TrkA, ERK and CREB. The phosphorylation of these proteins was obviously decreased by their specific inhibitors. These results suggest that cofilin is a candidate target protein of CuB in PC12 cells and that the GR/PLC/PKC and TrkA/Ras/Raf/ERK signalling pathways play important roles in the neuroprotective effect of CuB.

9.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 8(1): 1122-1125, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347462

RESUMO

The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region locating in Northwest of China was not considered the epidemic area of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS). Here we report the first laboratory-confirmed SFTS case that a female patient had tick bite in Xinjiang and illness onset after returning to Hainan Province. Laboratory tests identified SFTS virus (SFTSV) infection, and the virus was isolated from the patient's serum sample. Furthermore, SFTSV prevalence among tick groups was identified, and IgM response to SFTSV from febrile patients was identified. The findings suggested that there have been risks of SFTSV infection due to exposure to ticks in Xinjiang.


Assuntos
Infecções por Bunyaviridae/diagnóstico , Phlebovirus/isolamento & purificação , Trombocitopenia/diagnóstico , Animais , Infecções por Bunyaviridae/sangue , Infecções por Bunyaviridae/transmissão , Infecções por Bunyaviridae/virologia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Phlebovirus/classificação , Phlebovirus/genética , Phlebovirus/fisiologia , Filogenia , Trombocitopenia/sangue , Trombocitopenia/virologia , Carrapatos/fisiologia , Carrapatos/virologia , Viagem
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336382

RESUMO

To identify whether platelet amyloid-ß protein precursor (AßPP) ratio, phosphorylated-tau (P-tau) 231, P-tau181, and serine 396 and 404 (Ser396/404) phosphorylated tau are potential peripheral indicators for early Alzheimer's disease (AD). Forty-three amnesic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients and 45 normal controls were recruited. Peripheral venous blood was drawn and platelets were collected and evaluated for potential indicators by Western blot analysis. Subsequent meta-analysis was completed on these selected indicators. In platelets of aMCI patients, the AßPP ratio level was significantly lower and levels of P-tau231 and Ser396/404 phosphorylated tau were significantly higher. Moreover, in aMCI patients, a negative correlation was observed between platelet P-tau231 level and the Trail Making Tests A score, and it was found that higher platelet P-tau231 levels significantly associated with a worse performance of information processing speed. Furthermore, values of the area under the curve of platelet P-tau231 and Ser396/404 phosphorylated tau were 0.624 and 0.657, respectively. Finally, a meta-analysis indicated platelet AßPP ratio level was significantly lower in MCI cohorts. In conclusion, platelets of aMCI subjects showed a lower AßPP ratio and higher levels of P-tau231 and Ser396/404 phosphorylated tau when compared to normal controls, which may be critical in identifying early AD.

11.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 10(8): 3479-3485, 2019 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145586

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to explore the potential value of plasma indicators for identifying amnesic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and determine whether levels of plasma indicators are related to the performance of cognitive function and brain tissue volumes. In total, 155 participants (68 aMCI patients and 87 health controls) were recruited in the present cross-sectional study. The levels of plasma amyloid-ß (Aß) 40, Aß42, total tau (t-tau), and neurofilament light (NFL) were measured using an ultrasensitive quantitative method. Machine learning algorithms were performed for establishing an optimal model of identifying aMCI. Compared with healthy controls, Aß40 and Aß42 levels were lower and NFL levels were higher in plasma of aMCI patients with an exception of t-tau levels. In aMCI patients, the higher plasma Aß40 levels were correlated with the impaired episodic memory and negative correlations were observed between plasma t-tau levels and global cognitive function and gray matter (GM) volume. In addition, the higher plasma NFL levels were correlated with reduced hippocampus volume and total GM volume of the left inferior and middle temporal gyrus. An integrated model included clinical features, hippocampus volume, and plasma Aß42 and NFL and had the highest accuracy for detecting aMCI patients (accuracy, 74.2%). We demonstrated that plasma Aß40, Aß42, t-tau, and NFL may be useful to identify aMCI and correlate with cognitive decline and brain atrophy. Among these plasma indicators, Aß42 and NFL are more valuable as key members of a peripheral biomarker panel to detect aMCI.

12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(8): 5532-5541, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140741

RESUMO

As a novel kind of non-coding RNA, circular RNAs (circRNAs) were involved in various biological processes. However, the role of circRNAs in the developmental process of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is still unclear. In the present study, by using a cell model of COPD in primary human small airway epithelial cells (HSAECs) treated with or without cigarette smoke extract (CSE), we uncovered 4,379 previously unknown circRNAs in human cells and 903 smoke-specific circRNAs, with the help of RNA-sequencing and bioinformatic analysis. Moreover, 3,872 up- and 4,425 down-regulated mRNAs were also identified under CSE stimulation. Furthermore, a putative circRNA-microRNA-mRNA network was constructed for in-depth mechanism exploration, which indicated that differentially expressed circRNAs could influence expression of some key genes that participate in response to pentose phosphate pathway, ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis pathway and cancer-related pathways. Our research indicated that cigarette smoke had an influence on the biogenesis of circRNAs and mRNAs. CircRNAs might be involved in the response to CSE in COPD through the circRNA-mediated ceRNA networks.

13.
Pharmacol Res ; 143: 73-85, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862605

RESUMO

Advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly aggressive malignancy that is a serious threat to the public health system of China. Urokinase-plasminogen activator (uPA) can promote the invasive growth and metastasis of HCC cells by activating matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), leading to the breakage of the extra-cellular matrix. uPA is a promising target for advanced HCC treatment. In this stuy the expression of uPA was examined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction in hepatic cell lines. Protein interaction between uPA and SPINK13 was identified by immunoprecipitation. In vitro biochemical assay was used to examine the inhibitory effect of the SPINK13 on the direct cleaving of the recombinant pro-MMP9 by uPA. The antitumor effect of SPINK13 was examined by transwell assay or the nude mice tumor model.The expression of uPA was much higher in highly aggressive HCC cell lines than in lowly aggressive HCC cell lines or non-tumor hepatic cell lines. SPINK13 interacted with uPA in HCC cells and directly inhibited the cleaving of MMP9 by uPA. Treatment of the recombinant SPINK13 protein inhibited the invasion of HCC cells in several experiments, such as transwell experiments or the intrahepatic growth model. The results of the study indicated that SPINK13 could function as a promising therapeutic approach for patients with advanced HCC.

14.
Clin Neurophysiol ; 130(5): 739-751, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30903827

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: According to recent criteria of classification, amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) could be divided into two categories: single-domain aMCI (sd-aMCI) and multiple-domain aMCI (md-aMCI). The difference between sd-aMCI and md-aMCI needs further exploration. The present study aimed to compare deficits in visuospatial working memory (VSWM) and executive function between sd-aMCI versus md-aMCI patients by use of event-related potentials (ERP) and standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography analysis (sLORETA). METHODS: The ERP data were measured and analyzed in 26 sd-aMCI, 13 md-aMCI patients and 46 healthy elderly controls (HEC) during VSWM and Go/Nogo processes. RESULTS: During VSWM task, md-aMCI patients showed decreased P300 amplitude compared to HEC and sd-aMCI patients (All p < 0.05). As compared to sd-aMCI, md-aMCI showed a hypoactivation in the right middle frontal gyrus in 1-back task during the P300 time range. During the Go/Nogo task, sd-aMCI and md-aMCI patients showed reduced N200 amplitude, compared to HEC (All p < 0.05). However, md-aMCI patients had decreased N200 amplitude, with respect to sd-aMCI patients. Further, as compared to sd-aMCI patients, md-aMCI patients showed a hypoactivation in the right superior frontal gyrus during the N200 time range. CONCLUSIONS: These findings with a combined ERP and sLORETA study showed more severe deficits in updating operations of WM, detections of the target stimulus and conflict processes in md-aMCI, compared to sd-aMCI patients. SIGNIFICANCE: The present study showed that a combined ERP and sLORETA study during the VSWM and Go/Nogo tasks could distinguish md-aMCI from sd-aMCI.


Assuntos
Amnésia/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Memória Espacial/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amnésia/diagnóstico por imagem , Amnésia/psicologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroimagem , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Tomografia
15.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 38(2): 653-659, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30620102

RESUMO

AIMS: To compare the accuracy of using a bladder scanner to measure bladder volume through intermittent catheterization (IC) in patients and to introduce the Bladder Deformation Index (BDI) to develop a correction method. METHODS: Bladder volume was assessed by a nurse with the scanner. A second nurse catheterized the patient's bladder. A third nurse measured the urine volume in a 500-mL or 1000-mL graduated cylinder. RESULTS: Sixty one patients were included and 590 pairs of data were obtained. The mean bladder volume measured using a scanner and IC was (332.3 ± 156.1) mL and (339.1 ± 158.8) mL. The mean absolute difference was 30.8 mL. The correlation coefficient was 0.929. Patients were classified into 2 groups depending on whether they had undergone augmentation cystoplasty. The mean absolute difference was 109.2 and 20.4 mL. The correlation coefficient was 0.712 and 0.981. According to the BDI, bladders can be classified into 3 groups. The mean absolute difference was 21.9, 60.4, and 109.4 mL. The correlation coefficient was 0.970, 0.839, and 0.783. The linear regression equations of Grade I and Grade II were Y = 1.11X + 3.1 and Y = 0.76X + 161.5. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that bladder shape plays a critical role in accuracy which is inversely associated with BDI. This degree of accuracy is sufficient; especially measurement adjusted using the linear regression equation in patients with high BDI. However, although the preliminary results of the study are promising, a large-scale prospective study should be needed to address the validation of the data in the future.


Assuntos
Ultrassonografia/métodos , Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho do Órgão , Estudos Prospectivos , Cateterismo Urinário , Adulto Jovem
16.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 411(18): 4031-4040, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30280225

RESUMO

An atmospheric pressure laserspray ionization mass spectrometry (AP-LSI mini MS) has been developed and employed in the fast analysis of bacteria. Without using surfactants or any extracting methods, 21 foodborne bacteria from 12 genera were directly analyzed. Typical fingerprints of small molecules and lipids were detected and recognized in the mass spectra with high reproducibility. Furthermore, a supervised multivariate statistics method, orthogonal partial least squares (OPLS), was applied, and these bacteria could be differentiated at both genus and species levels. With improved performance in the future, AP-LSI mini MS could be a simple, effective, and fast approach for direct bacteria analysis on the field.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Pressão Atmosférica , Bactérias/classificação , Miniaturização , Especificidade da Espécie
17.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(6): 9316-9327, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30317635

RESUMO

Angiogenesis is positively correlated with the survival rate of stroke patients. Therefore, studying factors that initiate and promote angiogenesis after ischemic stroke is crucial for finding novel and effective treatment targets that improve the prognosis of stroke. X-box binding protein l splicing (XBP1s) plays a positive regulatory role in cell proliferation and angiogenesis. However, the role and mechanism of XBP1s on the proliferation of brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) and angiogenesis after cerebral ischemia remains unclear. In the current study, we investigated the role XBP1s plays in BMEC proliferation and angiogenesis following cerebral ischemia. In this study, the roles of XBP1s on cell survival, apoptosis, cycle migration, and angiogenesis were determined in oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) treated BMECs. The expression of XBP1s in BMECs, which were exposed to OGD at 0, 2, 4, and 6 hr, increased in a time-dependent manner. The overexpression of XBP1s promoted cell survival, cell cycle, migration, and angiogenesis of BMECs, and inhibited the apoptosis in OGD-treated BMECs. In addition, the overexpression of XBP1s promoted the expression of cyclin D1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2), and MMP-9, but inhibited cleaved Caspase-3 and cleaved Caspase-9 expression in OGD-treated BMECs. The overexpression of XBP1s also promoted the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha, vascular endothelial growth factor, phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, p-AKT, p-mTOR, p-GSK3ß, and p-extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 in OGD-treated BMECs. The effect of XBP1s silencing was opposite to that of XBP1s overexpression. In conclusion, using an in vitro OGD model, we demonstrated that XBP1s may be a promising target for ischemic stroke therapy to maintain BMECs survival and induce angiogenesis.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(23): 5191-5197, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237357

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the PPARγ agonists isolated from the aqueous extract of Siegesbeckia pubescens( SPA) and their anti-inflammatory activities in vitro. The 293 T cells transfected transiently with PPARγ recombinant plasmid were used as a screening model to guide the isolation of PPARγ activitating components,and then PPARγ activities were measured by double luciferase reporter gene assay. The chemical structures were identified by chromatography or spectroscopic techniques. Furthermore,a UC inflammatory model in vitro was established on HT-29 cells by stimulating with TNF-α. The mRNA levels and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines on HT-29 cells,such as IL-1ß,TNF-α,IL-8,were detected by RT-PCR and ELISA. The results showed that five diterpenoids were obtained from the fraction D_(50) with the strongest PPARγ activity among others in SPA,and determined as kirenol( 1),darutigenol( 2),enantiomeric-2-ketone-15,16,19-three hydroxypinomane-8( 14)-ene-19-O-ß-D-glucoside( 3),darutoside( 4),enantiomeric-2-ß,15,16,19-four hydroxypinomane-8( 14)-ene-19-O-ß-D-glucoside( 5),respectively. All the compounds exhibited active effects on PPARγ in a concentration-dependent manner( P<0. 01). In addition,compound 1 significantly inhibited the expression of IL-1ß mRNA and secretion of IL-8 on HT-29 cells inflammation model( P<0. 001); both compounds 2 and 3 effectively inhibited the expression of IL-1ß,TNF-α,IL-8 mRNA and secretion of IL-8( P<0. 01 or P<0. 001),although at different extent; compound 4 significantly inhibited the expression of IL-1ß and TNF-α mRNA( P<0. 01 or P<0. 001),while compound 5 inhibited the expression of IL-1ß mRNA obviously( P<0. 001). In conclusion,the diterpenoids 1-5 isolated from S. pubescens have the PPARγ activation activities and potential effects of anti-UC in vitro.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Asteraceae/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , PPAR gama/agonistas , Colite Ulcerativa , Citocinas/imunologia , Células HT29 , Humanos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(10)2018 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30347837

RESUMO

Pyrus hopeiensis is a valuable wild resource of Pyrus in the Rosaceae. Due to its limited distribution and population decline, it has been listed as one of the "wild plants with a tiny population" in China. To date, few studies have been conducted on P. hopeiensis. This paper offers a systematic review of P. hopeiensis, providing a basis for the conservation and restoration of P. hopeiensis resources. In this study, the chloroplast genomes of two different genotypes of P. hopeiensis, P. ussuriensis Maxin. cv. Jingbaili, P. communis L. cv. Early Red Comice, and P. betulifolia were sequenced, compared and analyzed. The two P. hopeiensis genotypes showed a typical tetrad chloroplast genome, including a pair of inverted repeats encoding the same but opposite direction sequences, a large single copy (LSC) region, and a small single copy (SSC) region. The length of the chloroplast genome of P. hopeiensis HB-1 was 159,935 bp, 46 bp longer than that of the chloroplast genome of P. hopeiensis HB-2. The lengths of the SSC and IR regions of the two Pyrus genotypes were identical, with the only difference present in the LSC region. The GC content was only 0.02% higher in P. hopeiensis HB-1. The structure and size of the chloroplast genome, the gene species, gene number, and GC content of P. hopeiensis were similar to those of the other three Pyrus species. The IR boundary of the two genotypes of P. hopeiensis showed a similar degree of expansion. To determine the evolutionary history of P. hopeiensis within the genus Pyrus and the Rosaceae, 57 common protein-coding genes from 36 Rosaceae species were analyzed. The phylogenetic tree showed a close relationship between the genera Pyrus and Malus, and the relationship between P. hopeiensis HB-1 and P. hopeiensis HB-2 was the closest.


Assuntos
Genoma de Cloroplastos , Pyrus/genética , Evolução Molecular , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Pyrus/classificação
20.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 10: 256, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30186155

RESUMO

Background: The apolipoprotein E epsilon4 (ApoE ε4) allele and female gender may be important risk factors for the development of Alzheimer's disease and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Novelty mismatch negativity (MMN) represents the pre-attentive index of deviance detection and P3a represents the attention orienting response. Furthermore, MMN and P3a components have been reported to be potential markers in aMCI. Therefore, this study will investigate the effects of gender and ApoE on auditory novelty MMN and P3a and their relationship to neuropsychological performance in aMCI. Methods: Thirty nine aMCI subjects and 44 controls underwent neuropsychological assessment and ApoE genotyping. Novelty MMN and P3a components were investigated during an auditory novelty oddball task. Results: Firstly, novelty MMN latency was significantly shorter in aMCI than in healthy control (HC) group. Secondly, novelty MMN latency was negatively correlated with episodic memory in aMCI, but not in HC. Novelty P3a latency was negatively correlated with information processing speed in all subjects. For gender effect, novelty MMN latency was shorter in aMCI females than in HC females. Moreover, novelty P3a amplitudes were lower in males than in females in both aMCI and HC. For the effect of ApoE status, novelty MMN latency was shorter in aMCI ApoE ε4- than HC ApoE ε4-. Conclusion: aMCI presents altered pre-attentive processing indexed by novelty MMN components. Furthermore, there may be a compensatory mechanism on the impaired processing in aMCI. It further suggests that aMCI female and ApoE ε4- recruited the compensatory mechanism.

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