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1.
Neuroreport ; 31(4): 338-345, 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058430

RESUMO

Bilateral voluntary contractions involve functional changes in both primary motor cortices. However how the unilateral voluntary contraction of hand muscles influences the contralateral corticomuscular synchronous oscillations mechanisms remains unclear. In the bimanual tasks, nine healthy subjects were instructed to generate force by abducting their left-hand index finger against a force sensor and simultaneously the right-hand precise pinch task with visual feedback. They were divided into four conditions according to the two contraction force levels of the left-hand muscles 5% and 50% maximal isometric voluntary contraction (MVC) and with/without visual feedback for the right hand. Corticomuscular synchronization of the right hand in the beta band was revealed when the subjects performed the bimanual exercise with 5% MVC of left-hand muscles, which is consistent with previous studies. As the contraction strength of the left-hand muscle increased to 50% MVC, the corticomuscular coherence (CMC) frequency of the right hand shifted to gamma band, and the CMC in beta band decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in the electroencephalography→electromyography direction. This phenomenon suggests that the corticomuscular synchronous oscillation will shift from beta band to higher frequencies (principally gamma) as the contraction force of the contralateral hand increases, which may be due to the changes in the subject's attention and more frequent synchronization of neuromuscular motor neurons oscillations. These findings will be helpful to explore the hand motion control and feedback mechanisms, and further provide a basis for the application of neuromuscular coupling in clinical rehabilitation evaluation.Video abstract: http://links.lww.com/WNR/A571.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013763

RESUMO

Elsinoë ampelina is an ascomycetous fungus that causes grape anthracnose, a potentially devastating disease worldwide. Here, we report a 28.29 Mb high-quality genome sequence of E. ampelina strain YL-1, which encodes 8,057 predicted protein-coding genes and represents the first sequenced genome assembly of E. ampelina. This study adds to the current genomic resources for the genus Elsinoë and provides the way for research on comparative genomic studies, E. ampelina-grape interactions, and improvement of management strategies.

3.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051552

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has evolved over several thousands of years, which has been shown to be efficacious in the treatment of ischemic heart disease. Three classical TCM prescriptions, namely Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction, Zhishi Xiebai Guizhi Decoction, and Gualou Xiebai Banxia Decoction, have been extensively used in the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD). Based on molecular network modeling, we performed a comparative pharmacogenomic analysis to systematically determine the drug-targeting spectrum of the three prescriptions at molecular level. Wide-area target molecules of CHD were covered, which was a common feature of the three decoctions, demonstrating their therapeutic functions. Meanwhile, collective signaling involved metabolic/pro-metabolic pathways, driving and transferring pathways, neuropsychiatric pathways, and exocrine or endocrine pathways. These organized pharmacological disturbance was mainly focused on almost all stages of CHD intervention, such as anti-atherosclerosis, lipid metabolism, inflammation, vascular wall function, foam cells formation, platelets aggregation, thrombosis, arrhythmia, and ischemia-reperfusion injury. In addition, heterogeneity analysis of the global pharmacological molecular spectrum revealed that signaling crosstalk, cascade convergence, and key targets were tendentious among the three decoctions. After all, it is unadvisable to rank the findings on targeting advantages of the three decoctions. Comparative pharmacological evidence may provide an appropriate decoction scheme for individualized intervention of CHD.

4.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 149: 271-280, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987949

RESUMO

A pH indicator and antimicrobial cellulose nanofibre packaging film was developed based on cellulose nanofibres as film matrix, anthocyanins from purple sweet potato as a natural dye and oregano essential oil as an antimicrobial agent. The colour of the anthocyanin solution was noticeably different from pH 2 to pH 12. The developed film sensitively responded to a change of pH and showed an obvious colour change from red to yellow, with pH ranging from 2 to 12, which indicated that the film had a superior colorimetric performance to pH change. Moreover, the film showed excellent antimicrobial activity and the inhibition rate against Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes reached 99.99%. Bio-compatibility between anthocyanins and cellulose nanofibre matrix was confirmed by the analysis of cross-section morphology of the film. The XRD pattern revealed that the crystallinity index of the film decreased with the addition of anthocyanins and oregano essential oil. The film had a good barrier performance to ultraviolet and visible light; its tensile strength, elongation at break, and elastic modulus was 9.28 MPa, 9.87%, and 0.15 GPa, respectively. The developed pH indicator and antimicrobial film could intuitively indicate the change of food quality during storage and effectively prolong food shelf life.

5.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 32, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM), defined as a capability of aggressive tumor Cells to mimic embryonic vasculogenic networks, caused poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Rho kinases (ROCK), p21-activated kinase (PAK), hypoxia or epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) contributed to the VM potential. However, the details underlying these biological behaviors have not been completely elucidated. METHODS: Kaplan-Meier analysis was conducted to predict relationship with hypoxia Inducible factor (HIF-1α), EMT related markers: Vimentin and patient prognosis. CD34/periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) double staining was examined to differentiate VM-positive (VM+) and VM-negative (VM-) samples. Cells were cultured under controlled hypoxic environments (1% O2) or normoxic conditions. The effect of hypoxia on RhoA/ROCK, Rac1/PAK and EMT were evaluated by real time-qPCR and western blot. HIF-1α small interfering RNA (siRNA), overexpressed or short hairpin RNA (shRNA) of ROCK and kinase inhibitors were used to explore the effect of HIF-1α, RhoA/ROCK, Rac1/PAK and Vimentin on VM. RESULTS: HIF-1α or Vimentin was upregulated in VM+ HCC tissues, compared to non-cancerous tissues (P < 0.01), and patients with high expression of HIF-1α or Vimentin had worse prognosis (P < 0.001). We showed hypoxia induced RhoA/ROCK and Rac1/PAK signaling transduction, and EMT could be repressed by HIF-1α siRNA. Notably, RhoA/ROCK or Rac1/PAK stabilized HIF-1α in hypoxia, whereas HIF-1α did not significantly altered RhoA/ROCK or Rac1/PAK signaling in hypoxia. Moreover, we found distinct roles of ROCK1, ROCK2 and PAK in regulating Vimentin phosphorylation. CONCLUSIONS: RhoA/ROCK and Rac/PAK signaling played crucial roles in hypoxia-induced VM via Ser72 and Ser56 Vimentin phosphorylation in HCC.

6.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2117: 79-92, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960373

RESUMO

In this chapter, we introduce a generic and efficient method to identify multiscale topological domains (MSTD), including cis- and trans-interacting regions, from a variety of 3D genomic datasets. We first applied MSTD to detect promoter-anchored interaction domains (PADs) from promoter capture Hi-C datasets across 17 primary blood cell types. The boundaries of PADs are significantly enriched with one or the combination of multiple epigenetic factors. Moreover, PADs between functionally similar cell types are significantly conserved in terms of domain regions and expression states. Cell type-specific PADs involve in distinct cell type-specific activities and regulatory events by dynamic interactions within them. We also employed MSTD to define multiscale domains from typical symmetric Hi-C datasets and illustrated its distinct superiority to the state-of-the-art methods in terms of accuracy, flexibility and efficiency.

7.
Br J Radiol ; : 20190887, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904268

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In spite of the well-known importance of thalamus in hemifacial spasm (HFS), the thalamic resting-state networks in HFS is still rarely mentioned. This study aimed to investigate resting-state functional connectivity (FC) of the thalamus in HFS patients and examine its association with clinical measures. METHODS: 25 HFS patients and 28 matched healthy controls underwent functional MRI at rest. Using the left and right thalamus as seed regions respectively, we compared the thalamic resting-state networks between patient and control groups using two independent sample t-test. RESULTS: Compared with controls, HFS patients exhibited strengthened bilateral thalamus-seeded FC with the parietal cortex. Enhanced FC between right thalamus and left somatosensory association cortex was linked to worse motor disturbance, and the increased right thalamus-right supramarginal gyrus connection were correlated with improvement of affective symptoms. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that the right thalamus-left somatosensory association cortex hyperconnectivity may represent the underlying neuroplasticity related to sensorimotor dysfunction. In addition, the upregulated FC between the right thalamus and right supramarginal gyrus in HFS, is part of the thalamo-default mode network pathway involved in emotional adaptation. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This study provides new insights on the integrative role of thalamo-parietal connectivity, which participates in differential neural circuitry as a mechanism underlying motor and emotional functions in HFS patients.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967118

RESUMO

The exquisite combination of hetreometallic [TbIIINiII(COO)3(H2O)] clusters with a designed hexatopic ligand generates one highly robust three-dimensional heterometallic TbIII/NiII-organic framework material {[TbNi(HTDP)(H2O)]·3DMF·2H2O}n (NUC-2; H6TDP = 2,4,6-tri(2,4-dicarboxyphenyl)pyridine). Gas adsorption measurements reveal that the activated NUC-2 exhibits ultrahigh C2H2 adsorption capacity but negligible uptake of C2H4, which is ascribed to its high stability and ultrahigh functional internal surface. Furthermore, dynamic breakthrough experiments confirm that NUC-2 can effectively fulfill the separation of a C2H2/C2H4 (1 : 99) mixture. Such excellent performance makes NUC-2 a promising adsorbent for practical C2H2/C2H4 separation and provides new insights into heterometallic MOFs for gas separation.

9.
Mol Plant ; 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953223

RESUMO

Plant and non-plant species possess cryptochrome (CRY) photoreceptors to mediate blue light regulation of development or the circadian clock. The blue light-dependent homooligomerization of Arabidopsis CRY2 is a known early photoreaction necessary for its functions, but the photobiochemistry and function of light-dependent homooligomerization and heterooligomerization of cryptochromes, collectively referred to as CRY photooligomerization, have not been well established. Here, we show that photooligomerization is an evolutionarily conserved photoreaction characteristic of CRY photoreceptors in plants and some non-plant species. Our analyses of the kinetics of the forward and reverse reactions of photooligomerization of Arabidopsis CRY1 and CRY2 provide a previously unrecognized mechanism underlying the different photosensitivity and photoreactivity of these two closely related photoreceptors. We found that photooligomerization is necessary but not sufficient for the functions of CRY2, implying that CRY photooligomerization is presumably accompanied by additional function-empowering conformational changes. We further demonstrated that the CRY2-CRY1 heterooligomerization plays roles in regulating functions of Arabidopsis CRYs in vivo. Taken together, these results suggest that photooligomerization is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism determining the photosensitivity and photoreactivity of plant CRYs.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 712: 136477, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931199

RESUMO

The application of ecological restoration programs, related to water resources protection and soil erosion control, may have some undesirable outcomes. An important example is the effect that vegetation restoration may have in reducing surface water resources. After searching peer-reviewed articles, we selected 38 publications from 16 countries in comparable areas - semiarid conditions (aridity index <0.5), surface coverage >50% and fine soil texture - to evaluate the effectiveness of different types of vegetation (i.e., forestland, scrubland and grassland) in regulating runoff and sediment transport. In particular, we used three indices: the runoff reduction effect, the sediment reduction effect and the ratio between runoff and sediment reduction. These indices were calculated from measured data reported in the original articles. Results showed that scrubland had higher runoff reduction effect (59% in gentle slopes; 65% in steep slopes) than in grassland (39% on gentle slopes; 43% on steep slopes) and forestland (33% on gentle slopes; 51% on steep slopes). For the three types of vegetation, the sediment reduction effect was >70%. Concerning the ratios between runoff and sediment reduction, grassland showed the lowest ratios (56% on gentle slopes; 53% on steep slopes) compared to forestland (63% on gentle slopes; 65% on steep slopes) and scrubland (93% on gentle slopes; 81% on steep slopes). Our results indicate that low values of ratios between runoff and sediment reduction are the most suitable because they indicate an effective soil erosion and sediment delivery reduction but maintaining surface runoff. Overall, our study demonstrates that grassland may be the best choice for optimizing the trade-off between catchment water yield and soil conservation during the implementation of ecological restoration programs in semi-arid regions.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18649, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914047

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CVT) associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is infrequent, but clinically nonnegligible due to its high disability and fatality rates. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 12-year-old child with newly developed ulcerative colitis (UC) suffered from a sudden left-sided hemiparesis and numbness. DIAGNOSES: Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis due to ulcerative colitis was diagnosed in this girl. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with blood transfusion and anticoagulation therapy. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and urokinase thrombolysis were implemented followed. OUTCOMES: The patient achieved a complete recovery of limb functions and did not present any other stroke recurrences at follow-up a year later. LESSONS: CVT in UC is a serious condition and can occur in the children and adolescents. Rapidly diagnosis of this complication of IBD and apply anticoagulant therapy early can contribute to avoiding a potentially fatal outcome.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/complicações , Trombose Intracraniana/complicações , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Transfusão de Sangue , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Trombose Intracraniana/terapia
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 708: 134596, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780158

RESUMO

In this study, the effects of nitrogen and phosphorus supply on biodiesel production from Scenedesmus obliquus with glucose as the carbon source were investigated. It was found that sufficient phosphorus could further improve biodiesel production under nitrogen starvation. S. obliquus was cultivated in soybean processing wastewater. The removal efficiencies of carbon oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP) after 8-day cultivation were 72%, 95%, and 54%, respectively. Moreover, the fatty acid productivity after eight-day cultivation reached as high as 99.3 mg·L-1·d-1, which was 1.15 times higher than the highest efficiency using a glucose culture. This result was due to two naturally-formed stages occurring with sufficient phosphorus: nitrogen sufficiency stage for biomass and nitrogen starvation stage for lipid accumulation. It verified the conclusion of the roles of nitrogen and phosphorus obtained in the glucose culture and provided an economic and environmentally friendly choice for biodiesel production with efficient soybean wastewater treatment.

13.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 19(1): 88-92, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Facial telangiectasia is one of the common skin vascular lesions characterized by dilated cutaneous vasculatures. The variety of diameters and difference in depths of lesional blood vessels are the major challenges for effective treatments for Facial telangiectasia. AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety profiles of pulsed dye laser (PDL, 595 nm) with intense pulsed light (IPL) configured by three different wavelength bands in the treatment for facial telangiectasia in Asian populations. PATIENTS/METHODS: A retrospective analysis of hospital records and review on photographs were performed for those subjects with facial telangiectasia (n = 160) who were treated in our department from January 2017 to January 2019. Patients were received two sessions of one of the four following laser treatments: PDL (595 nm, n = 38), IPL with M22 vascular filter (530-650 nm and 900-1200 nm, n = 39), M22 560 (560-1200 nm, n = 42), and M22 590 (590-1200 nm, n = 41). RESULTS: The patients in all the four groups showed an overall and significant improvement of indexes of lesional severity and subjective discomfort as well as improvement score of facial telangiectasia after treatment as compared to baseline. In addition, PDL (595 nm) and IPL with vascular filter (530-650 nm and 900-1200 nm) treatments showed significantly better indexes of lesional severity, subjective discomfort, and improvement score of facial telangiectasia as compared with other two treatments. CONCLUSION: Light devices with various wavelength ranges showed different efficacies of treatment for facial telangiectasia, among which PDL (595 nm) and IPL with M22 vascular filter (530-650 nm and 900-1200 nm) had similar and the best clinical efficacy as compared to IPL with other wavelength bands.

14.
Oncogene ; 39(2): 356-367, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477836

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ROS-induced oxidative stress are associated with prostate cancer (PCa) development and castrate-resistant tumor progression. This is in part through the activation of the androgen receptor (AR) signaling. However, the molecular underpinning of ROS to activate AR remains poorly understood. Here, we report that the thioredoxin domain-containing 9 (TXNDC9) is an important regulator of ROS to trigger AR signaling. TXNDC9 expression is upregulated by ROS inducer, and increased TXNDC9 expression in patient tumors is associated with advanced clinical stages. TXNDC9 promotes PCa cell survival and proliferation. It is required for AR protein expression and AR transcriptional activity under oxidative stress conditions. Mechanistically, ROS inducers promote TXNDC9 to dissociate from PRDX1, but enhance a protein association with MDM2. Concurrently, PRDX1 enhances its association with AR. These protein interaction exchanges result in not only MDM2 protein degradation, but also PRDX1 mediated AR protein stabilization, and subsequent elevation of AR signaling. Blocking PRDX1 by its inhibitor, Conoidin A (CoA), suppresses AR signaling, PCa cell proliferation, and xenograft tumor growth even under androgen-deprived conditions. These tumor-suppressive effects of CoA were further strengthened when in combination with enzalutamide treatment. Together, these studies demonstrate that the TXNDC9-PRDX1 axis plays an important role for ROS to activate AR functions. It provides a proof-of-principle that co-targeting AR and PRDX1 may be more effective to control PCa growth.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 699: 134223, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522055

RESUMO

Biochar is beneficial for soil amendment, but further research is still required on changes in its physicochemical properties during aging, especially in oxygen-containing functional groups and associated adsorption behaviors. Here, we used two different biochars, apple tree branch biochar and maize stalk biochar, and simulated the aging process by using freeze-thaw cycles, dry-wet cycles, and chemical oxidation methods. We investigated the changes in the physicochemical properties and Pb adsorption behavior of the biochars before and after aging treatments. The characterization results showed that the biochar surface structure changed after aging treatments. In general, the specific surface areas (SSAs) of the two biochars increased after chemical oxidation treatment but decreased after the other two treatments. The elemental content analyses indicated a decrease in the C content and increase in O content after artificial aging. In addition, the content of oxygen-containing functional groups in most biochars is increasing after treatment. The increase or decrease in SSA resulted in an increase or decrease in adsorption sites, respectively, thereby enhancing or reducing the adsorption capacity of the biochar. Furthermore, oxygen-containing functional groups enhanced the Pb adsorption capacity of biochar by complexation of free carboxyl and hydroxyl functional groups with Pb. Our research indicated that aging can lead to changes in the Pb adsorption capacity of biochar and that these changes vary depending on the type of aging and biochar. Our results will help to provide a better understanding of the changes in physicochemical properties and Pb adsorption capacity of biochar during the aging process in soil toward making full use of biochar for soil amendment.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(3): 3670-3680, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872995

RESUMO

Na3V2(PO4)2O2F (NVPOF) is attracting great interest due to its large capacity and high working voltage. However, poor electronic conductivity limits the electrochemical performance of NVPOF. Herein, we fabricate N/P-dual-doped carbon-coated NVPOF microspheres (labeled as NVPOF@P/N/C) via a hydrothermal process followed by heat treatment. This microsphere-structured NVPOF@P/N/C composite has a relatively high tap density of 1.22 g/cm3. TEM and XPS results reveal that the dual-doped carbon layer is tightly coated on the NVPOF surface due to the bridging effect of P and has a good protective effect on NVPOF. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations confirm that a N/P-dual-doped carbon layer is advantageous to achieve higher electronic conductivity and lower migration activation energy than those of the undoped and single N- or P-doped carbon layer. As a cathode material for a sodium-ion battery (SIB), NVPOF@P/N/C exhibits high capacity (128 mAh/g at 0.5 C and 122 mAh/g at 2 C) and ultralong cycle performance (only 0.037% capacity fading rate per cycle in 500 cycles at 2 C). We believe that the NVPOF@P/N/C composite is appealing for high-performance SIBs with large energy density.

17.
Sci Signal ; 13(615)2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848220

RESUMO

Acute cardiorespiratory responses to O2 deficiency are essential for physiological homeostasis. The prototypical acute O2-sensing organ is the carotid body, which contains glomus cells expressing K+ channels whose inhibition by hypoxia leads to transmitter release and activation of nerve fibers terminating in the brainstem respiratory center. The mechanism by which changes in O2 tension modulate ion channels has remained elusive. Glomus cells express genes encoding HIF2α (Epas1) and atypical mitochondrial subunits at high levels, and mitochondrial NADH and reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation during hypoxia provides the signal that regulates ion channels. We report that inactivation of Epas1 in adult mice resulted in selective abolition of glomus cell responsiveness to acute hypoxia and the hypoxic ventilatory response. Epas1 deficiency led to the decreased expression of atypical mitochondrial subunits in the carotid body, and genetic deletion of Cox4i2 mimicked the defective hypoxic responses of Epas1-null mice. These findings provide a mechanistic explanation for the acute O2 regulation of breathing, reveal an unanticipated role of HIF2α, and link acute and chronic adaptive responses to hypoxia.

18.
Neuroradiology ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792569

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Refractory hemifacial contraction and comorbid emotional disorders are major annoyance suffered by patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS). It is currently unknown how whiter matter (WM) abnormalities in the brain contribute to HFS. METHODS: To investigate WM alterations in HFS, 26 patients and 29 matched healthy controls were ultimately recruited in this experiment. The whole brain diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was acquired at 3.0 Tesla scanner. Tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) analysis was applied to investigate the differences of DTI metrics (fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), radial diffusivity (RD) axial diffusivity (AD)) between HFS patients and controls throughout brain WM. The relationship between the severity of facial spasm and affective disturbance in HFS patients, and WM abnormalities was examined using spearman correlation analyses. RESULTS: TBSS method showed structural alterations in the genu and body of corpus callosum; bilateral inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF) and inferior frontal-occipital fasciculus (IFOF); left superior longitudinal fasciculus, anterior, posterior, and superior portion of corona radiata; left posterior limb of the internal capsule; and left posterior thalamic radiation in HFS patients compared with healthy subjects. In addition, the overlapped region of decreased FA together with increased RD and MD was merely localized in the right ILF and IFOF in the HFS group, and abnormality of RD value in this region was positively correlated with the patients' spasm score. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicate extensive disruptions of WM integrity, especially the RD changes in right ILF and IFOF, which may provide alternative imaging clues for evaluating the characteristics of HFS.

19.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 24: 62, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798643

RESUMO

Background: Myocardial ischaemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) is a difficult problem in clinical practice, and it may involve various microRNAs. This study investigated the role that endogenous microRNA-146a plays in myocardial ischaemia reperfusion and explored the possible target genes. Methods: MIRI models were established in microRNA-146a deficient (KO) and wild type (WT) mice. MicroRNA-146a expression was evaluated in the myocardium of WT mice after reperfusion. The heart function, area of myocardium infarction and in situ apoptosis were compared between the KO and WT mice. Microarray was used to explore possible target genes of microRNA-146a, while qRT-PCR and dual luciferase reporter assays were used for verification. Western blotting was performed to detect the expression levels of the target gene and related signalling molecules. A rescue study was used for further testing. Results: MicroRNA-146a was upregulated 1 h after reperfusion. MicroRNA-146a deficiency decreased heart function and increased myocardial infarction and apoptosis. Microarray detected 19 apoptosis genes upregulated in the KO mice compared with the WT mice. qRT-PCR and dual luciferase verified that Med1 was one target gene of microRNA-146a. TRAP220, encoded by Med1 in the KO mice, was upregulated, accompanied by an amplified ratio of Bax/Bcl2 and increased cleaved caspase-3. Inhibition of microRNA-146a in H9C2 cells caused increased TRAP220 expression and more apoptosis under the stimulus of hypoxia and re-oxygenation, while knockdown of the increased TRAP220 expression led to decreased cell apoptosis. Conclusions: MicroRNA-146a exerts a protective effect against MIRI, which might be partially mediated by the target gene Med1 and related to the apoptosis signalling pathway.

20.
Phytopathology ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799903

RESUMO

Gray mold, caused by Botrytis cinerea, is one of the most prevalent fungal diseases in table and wine grapes, affecting grape quality and yields. In this study, we isolated several endophytic fungi including Alternaria alternata, Bipolaris cynodontis, Phoma sp., and Albifimbria verrucaria from leaves of Amur grape (Vitis amurensis Rupr.) cultivar 'Shuangyou' and investigated their biocontrol activity against B. cinerea. In vitro dual assay showed that A. verrucaria isolate SYE-1 inhibited growth of B. cinerea. The isolate also had a wide range of biocontrol activity against Lasiodiplodia theobromae and Elsinoë ampelina. Mycelial growth and conidium germination of B. cinerea were significantly inhibited by metabolites of A. verrucaria in agar plates and culture extracts of A. verrucaria from liquid culture. The isolate produced a total chitinase activity of 0.4 U/ml after incubation for 10 days in Czapek's liquid medium. In addition, application of culture extracts of A. verrucaria prior to B. cinerea inoculation significantly reduced disease severity on grape leaves of the susceptible 'Red Globe' cultivar. Taken together, our results indicate that A. verrucaria has potential as a biocontrol agents to control grape gray mold.

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