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1.
J Environ Manage ; 277: 111382, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069143

RESUMO

The efficiency, accuracy and universality of ecological assessment methods comprise an important foundation for comprehensive assessment and restoration of large river ecological health at the watershed scale. New evaluation metrics and methods are urgently needed to be developed to adapt the characteristics of large rivers, including geographical differences in surface runoff, regional ecological complexity, and seasonal changes. In this study, a bacteria-weighted index of biotic integrity was developed to assess the ecological health of large rivers (lrBW-IBI) based on compositional and functional characteristics of sediment bacterial communities from 33 sections of the lower mainstream of Yangtze River. Five key metrics were determined by range, responsiveness, and redundancy tests. Principal component analysis (PCA), entropy method, criteria importance through intercriteria correlation and random forest were applied to calculate weighted coefficients of key metrics. The optimal lrBW-IBI was observed through the sum of PCA weighted-metrics: the relative abundance of Latescibacteria (0.234), Gemmatimonadaceae (0.149), Nitrospira spp. (0.234), Rhizobiales (0.228), and nitrogenase NifH (0.156). According to PCA based lrBW-IBI, 12.12%, 24.24%, 39.39%, and 24.24% of river sections were labeled excellent, good, moderate, and relatively poor, respectively. The ecological status of the lower mainstream of the Yangtze River did not change significantly across seasons but declined gradually from upstream to downstream. This study provides a new assessment tool for the ecological health of large rivers and highlights the importance of microbial ecological index in river ecology.

2.
Protoplasma ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155064

RESUMO

γ-Tubulin complex protein 4 (GCP4, encoded by AT3G53760) participates in microtubule (MT) nucleation in Arabidopsis thaliana, affecting the MT nucleation angles in cortical MTs, and the formation of the spindle and phragmoplasts during mitosis. Here, we report that GCP4 plays a critical role in gametophyte development. The results indicate that the gcp4 mutant caused by T-DNA insertion may express an aberrant gene product interfering with normal GCP4 expression, ultimately leading to the formation of desiccated ovules and aborted seeds. An analysis of transmission efficiency (TE) indicated that female gametophytes were more impaired in development than male gametophytes, and so observation and analysis of gametophyte defects were conducted. Complementation lines obtained by the native promoter and GCP4-coded CDS gene sequence fused with GFP reduced the numbers of lethal phenotypes of the gcp4 mutant. The localization of GCP4 in the gametophyte was detected in cytoplasm around nuclei and in vicinity of plasma membrane of pollen grains, and also detected in full cytoplasm and around the nuclei of ovules in complementation line. Thus, it was established that GCP4 influences the functionality of gametophytes during gametophyte development.

3.
Biomaterials ; : 120479, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33223332

RESUMO

Complete spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to cell death, interruption of axonal connections and permanent functional impairments. In the development of SCI treatments, cell transplantation combined with biomaterial-growth factor-based therapies have been widely studied. Another avenue worth exploring is the generation of neurons from endogenous neural stem cells (NSCs) or reactive astrocytes activated by SCI. Here, we screened a combination of four small molecules, LDN193189, SB431542, CHIR99021 and P7C3-A20, that can increase neuronal differentiation of mouse and rat spinal cord NSCs. Moreover, the small molecules loaded in an injectable collagen hydrogel induced neurogenesis and inhibited astrogliogenesis of endogenous NSCs in the injury site, which usually differentiate into astrocytes under pathological conditions. Meanwhile, induced neurons migrated into the non-neural lesion core, and genetic fate mapping showed that neurons mainly originated from NSCs in the parenchyma, but not from the central canal of the spinal cord. The neuronal regeneration in the lesion sites resulted in some recovery of locomotion. Our findings indicate that the combined treatment of small molecules and collagen hydrogel is a potential therapeutic strategy for SCI by inducing in situ endogenous NSCs to form neurons and restore damaged functions.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231077

RESUMO

A biocompatible Y(III)-based metal-organic framework [Y4(TATB)2]·(DMF)3.5·(H2O) (ZJU-16, H3TATB= 4,4',4''-(1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triyl) tribenzoic acid) was synthesized, and it was adopted to load Mn2+ for chemodynamic therapy. Meanwhile, ibuprofen sodium (IBUNa), an anti-inflammatory drug, was introduced to increase the amount of Mn2+ (about 5.66 wt %) due to the low loading capacity of Mn2+. Mn&IBUNa@ZJU-16 which was loaded by Mn2+ and IBUNa exhibited significant effects of chemodynamic therapy and excellent inhibition of the 4T1 tumor cell growth, implying its long-term prospects in chemodynamic therapy and its possibility in bimodal cancer therapy.

5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19105, 2020 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154390

RESUMO

Accumulated evidence suggests that activated pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) serve as the main source of the extracellular matrix proteins accumulated under the pathological conditions leading to pancreatic fibrosis in chronic pancreatitis (CP). However, little is known about the mechanisms of PSC activation. PSCs have morphologic and functional similarities to hepatic stellate cells, which are activated by hydrogen peroxide-inducible clone-5 (Hic-5), a TGF-ß1-induced protein. In this study, we investigated whether Hic-5 activates PSCs, which promote pancreatic fibrosis development in CP. Hic-5-knockout and wild type mice were subjected to caerulein injection to induce CP. Hic-5 expression was strongly upregulated in activated PSCs from human CP tissue and from mouse pancreatic fibrosis in caerulein-induced CP. Hic-5 deficiency significantly attenuated mouse pancreatic fibrosis and PSC activation in the experimental murine CP model. Mechanistically, Hic-5 knock down significantly inhibited the TGF-ß/Smad2 signaling pathway, resulting in reduced collagen production and α-smooth muscle actin expression in the activated PSCs. Taken together, we propose Hic-5 as a potential marker of activated PSCs and a novel therapeutic target in CP treatment.

6.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 21(1): 433, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Precise disease module is conducive to understanding the molecular mechanism of disease causation and identifying drug targets. However, due to the fragmentization of disease module in incomplete human interactome, how to determine connectivity pattern and detect a complete neighbourhood of disease based on this is still an open question. RESULTS: In this paper, we perform exploratory analysis leading to an important observation that through a few intermediate nodes, most separate connected components formed by disease-associated proteins can be effectively connected and eventually form a complete disease module. And based on the topological properties of these intermediate nodes, we propose a connect separate connected components (C3) method to detect a succinct disease module by introducing a relatively small number of intermediate nodes, which allows us to obtain more pure disease module than other methods. Then we apply C3 across a large corpus of diseases to validate this connectivity pattern of disease module. Furthermore, the connectivity of the perturbed genes in multi-omics data such as The Cancer Genome Atlas also fits this pattern. CONCLUSIONS: C3 tool is not only useful in detecting a clearly-defined connected disease neighbourhood of 299 diseases and cancer with multi-omics data, but also helpful in better understanding the interconnection of phenotypically related genes in different omics data and studying complex pathological processes.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Doença , Asma/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Feminino , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteínas/metabolismo
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031040

RESUMO

Synthesizing realistic 3D mesh deformation sequences is a challenging but important task in computer animation. To achieve this, researchers have long been focusing on shape analysis to develop new interpolation and extrapolation techniques. However, such techniques have limited learning capabilities and therefore often produce unrealistic deformation. Although there are already networks defined on individual meshes, deep architectures that operate directly on mesh sequences with temporal information remain unexplored due to the following major barriers: irregular mesh connectivity, rich temporal information, and varied deformation. To address these issues, we utilize convolutional neural networks defined on triangular meshes along with a shape deformation representation to extract useful features, followed by long short-term memory(LSTM) that iteratively processes the features. To fully respect the bidirectional nature of actions, we propose a new share-weight bidirectional scheme to better synthesize deformations. An extensive evaluation shows that our approach outperforms existing methods in sequence generation, both qualitatively and quantitatively.

8.
Eur Spine J ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study radiological and clinical differences between robotic-assisted pedicle screw fixation with and without real-time optical tracking. METHODS: Patients who underwent lumbar internal fixation in our hospital from June 2017 to February 2020 were divided into Tinavi group (with optical tracking) and Renaissance group (without optical tracking) according to assisted technology. The imaging data of the patients were collected, and the accuracy of screw implantation was measured according to Rampersaud A-D grade. Clinical outcomes such as operative time, fluoroscopic time and radiations dose were also collected. RESULTS: A total of 376 patients were included, including 201 patients in the Tinavi group with 968 screws implanted and 175 patients in the Renaissance group with 822 screws implanted. The accuracy of "perfect" and "clinically acceptable" pedicle screw implantation in the Tinavi group was 94.9%-98.7%, respectively, while in the Renaissance group was 91.2%-94.5%, respectively. There was significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05). The operative time and operative time per screw in the Tinavi group were lower than those in the Renaissance group. However, fluoroscopic time per screw and radiations dose of the Tinavi group were significantly higher than those of the Renaissance group. CONCLUSION: Optical tracking in robotic system appears to increase accuracy because of the ability to detect the real-time position of the patient. Although there are still many problems to be solved, robot with optical tracking system shows its great potential in clinical application.

9.
Pancreas ; 49(9): 1220-1224, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Splanchnic venous thrombosis (SVT) is a relevant complication in patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis. So far, no specific treatment for preventing development of SVT exists, and the effect of systemic anticoagulation (SAC) is unclear. METHODS: Patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis admitted to our center within 7 days from onset of abdominal pain were screened. In the historic group, during which period, most patients received no SAC. Patients in the study group received SAC therapy considering the risk of deep vein thrombosis and SVT. The primary outcome measure was the incidence of SVT. RESULTS: Splenic vein was involved in 71% of all 84 SVT patients. Compared with the historic cohort, patients who received SAC experienced lower incidence of SVT (P < 0.001), especially for splenic venous thrombosis (P = 0.002). Patients in the study group also showed lower mortality (P = 0.04) and incidence of new-onset organ failure (P = 0.03). The incidence of bleeding shows no statistical significance between 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Application of SAC seems to reduce the incidence of SVT and improve clinical outcomes without increasing the risk of bleeding. Randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm our findings.

10.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 901, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the development of three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), no prospective study has investigated whether concurrent chemoradiotherapy (SIB-IMRT with 60 Gy) remains superior to radiotherapy (SIB-IMRT) alone for unresectable esophageal cancer (EC). Furthermore, the optimal therapeutic regimen for patients who cannot tolerate concurrent chemoradiotherapy is unclear. We recently completed a phase I/II radiation dose-escalation trial using simultaneous integrated boost (SIB), elective nodal irradiation, and concurrent chemotherapy for unresectable EC. We now intend to conduct a prospective, phase III, randomized study of SIB-IMRT with or without concurrent chemotherapy. We aim to find a safe, practical, and effective therapeutic regimen to replace the conventional segmentation (1.8-2.0 Gy) treatment mode (radiotherapy ± chemotherapy) for unresectable EC. METHODS: This two-arm, open, randomized, multicenter, phase III trial will recruit esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients (stage IIA-IVB [UICC 2002]; IVB only with metastasis to the supraclavicular or celiac lymph nodes). In all, 164 patients will be randomized using a 1:1 allocation ratio, and stratified by study site and disease stage, especially the extent of lymph node metastasis. Patients in the SIB arm will receive definitive SIB radiotherapy (95% planning target volume/planning gross tumor volume, 50.4 Gy/59.92 Gy/28 f, equivalent dose in 2-Gy fractions = 60.62 Gy). Patients in the SIB + concurrent chemotherapy arm will receive definitive SIB radiotherapy with weekly paclitaxel and a platinum-based drug (5-6 weeks). Four cycles of consolidated chemoradiotherapy will also be recommended. The primary objective is to compare the 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year overall survival of the SIB + chemotherapy group and SIB groups. Secondary objectives include progression-free survival, local recurrence-free rate, completion rate, and adverse events. Detailed radiotherapy protocol and quality-assurance procedures have been incorporated into this trial. DISCUSSION: In unresectable, locally advanced EC, a safe and effective total radiotherapy dose and reasonable segmentation doses are required for the clinical application of SIB-IMRT + two-drug chemotherapy. Whether this protocol will replace the standard treatment regimen will be prospectively investigated. The effects of SIB-IMRT in patients with poor physical condition who cannot tolerate definitive chemoradiotherapy will also be investigated. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov ( NCT03308552 , November 1, 2017).

11.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e924770, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Pedicle screw fixation is one of the most commonly used methods in spine surgery. We introduce a surgical robot system from China based on 3-dimensional fluoroscopy imaging and compare it with the commonly used O-arm navigation system. We study the differences in accuracy, safety, and clinical effect in auxiliary pedicle screw fixation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients who underwent thoracolumbar internal fixation in our hospital from 2017 to 2019 were divided into a robot and navigation group according to whether surgery was assisted by the Tinavi orthopedic robot or O-arm navigation system. Imaging data of patients were searched from the image system and accuracy of screw implantation was measured by Rampersaud A to D grade classification. Deviation sagittal, deviation transversal, and facet joint violation were also measured and calculated. RESULTS In total, 306 patients were included: 136 patients in the robot group with 760 screws implanted; 166 patients in the navigation group with 908 screws implanted. The accuracy of "perfect" and "clinically acceptable" pedicle screw implantation was 96.2% and 99.6%, respectively, in the robot group and 90.5% and 96.7%, respectively, in the navigation group, with a significant difference between the 2 groups (P<0.05). The sagittal and transversal deviations in the robot group were significantly less than those in the navigation group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS The Tinavi orthopedic robot can significantly improve surgical accuracy and safety of pedicle screw fixation, as compared with that of O-arm navigation technology, without increasing complications. It shows great potential in clinical application.

12.
J Nat Prod ; 83(9): 2567-2577, 2020 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870000

RESUMO

Trillium tschonoskii is a medicinal plant known to biosynthesize steroidal saponins. A phytochemical investigation of the rhizomes of T. tschonoskii led to the isolation of nine new furostanol saponins (1-9) and 11 known analogues (10-20). Five of these new compounds were shown to have hydroxy groups at the C-5 and C-6 positions, while two possess a rare aglycone containing carbonyl groups at the C-16 and C-22 positions as well as a Δ17(20) double bond, and the others have conjugated double bonds in the E-ring or have different sugar chains at the C-3 position. All the isolates were tested for their effect on the expansion of human cord blood (CB) CD34+ hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. It was found that CB CD34+ cells treated with compounds 6, 7, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 19 showed increased numbers of rigorously phenotype-defined hematopoietic stem cells. Notably, compounds 9, 10, 13, and 14 demonstrated an enhanced ability to increase the percentages and numbers of CB CD34+CD38- cells and multipotential progenitors. The present study is the first to report that furostanol saponins from T. tschonoskii rhizomes can promote hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) expansion.

13.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 877, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, adjuvant therapy is not recommended for patients with thoracic esophageal squamous cell cancer (TESCC) after radical surgery, and a proportion of these patients go on to develop locoregional recurrence (LRR) within 2 years. Besides, there is no evidence for salvage chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in patients with residual tumor after esophagectomy (R1/R2 resection). In addition, factors like different failure patterns and relationship with normal organs influence the decision for salvage strategy. Here, we aimed to design a modularized salvage CRT strategy for patients without a chance of salvage surgery according to different failure patterns (including R1/R2 resection), and further evaluated its efficacy and safety. METHODS: Our study was designed as a one arm, multicenter, prospective clinical trial. All enrolled patients were stratified in a stepwise manner based on the nature of surgery (R0 or R1/2), recurrent lesion diameter, involved regions, and time-to-recurrence, and were further assigned to undergo either elective nodal irradiation or involved field irradiation. Then, radiation technique and dose prescription were modified according to the distance from the recurrent lesion to the thoracic stomach or intestine. Ultimately, four treatment plans were established. DISCUSSION: This prospective study provided high-level evidence for clinical salvage management in patients with TESCC who developed LRR after radical surgery or those who underwent R1/R2 resection. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Prospectively Registered. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03731442 , Registered November 6, 2018.

14.
Curr Drug Targets ; 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981499

RESUMO

Pathological bone loss diseases (osteolysis, Paget's diseases) are commonly caused by the over differentiation and activity of osteoclasts. The Rho GTPases family members Rac1/2 (Rac1 and Rac2) have been reported for their special role in exerting multiple cellular functions during osteoclastic differentiation, which including the most prominent function on dynamic actin cytoskeleton rearranging. Besides that, the increasing studies demonstrated the regulating effects of Rac1/2 on osteoclastic cytoskeletal organization is through the GEFs member Dock5. Although the amount of relevant studies on this topic still limited, there are several excellent studies have been reported for extensively explored the molecular mechanisms involved in Rac1/2 and Dock5 during the osteoclastogenesis regulation, as well as their role as the therapeutic target in bone loss disesases. Herein in this review, we aim to focus on recent advances studies for extensively understanding the role of Rho GTPases Rac1/2 and Dock5 in osteoclastogenesis, as well as their role as a potential therapeutic target in regulating osteoclastogenesis.

15.
J Neuropathol Exp Neurol ; 79(10): 1100-1114, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888019

RESUMO

To investigate the underlying mechanism of lncRNA BC083743 in regulating the proliferation of Schwann cells (SCs) and axon regeneration after sciatic nerve crush (SNC), we used a rat model. Sciatic function index and the atrophy ratio of gastrocnemius muscle were evaluated. The relationship among BC083743, miR-103-3p, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and their regulation mechanism in the repair of SNC were investigated using in vivo and in vitro experiments. The expression changes of BC083743 were positively associated with that of BDNF following SNC, but the expression changes of miR-103-3p were inversely associated with that of BDNF. The SC proliferation and BDNF expression could be promoted by overexpression of BC083743, while they were inhibited by a miR-103-3p mimic. In addition, BC083743 interacted with and regulated miR-103-3p, thereby promoting BDNF expression and SC proliferation. BC083743 overexpression also promoted axon regeneration through miR-103-3p. In vivo experiments also indicated that BC083743 overexpression promoted the repair of SNC. In conclusion, LncRNA BC083743 promotes SC proliferation and the axon regeneration through miR-103-3p/BDNF after SNC.

16.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 80: 103495, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949725

RESUMO

Parabens are esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid, including methylparaben (MP), ethylparaben (EP), propylparaben (PP), and the like. This substance has estrogenic and antiandrogenic effects, and a putative role in promoting cancer through endocrine disruption. By exposing Drosophila melanogaster to different concentrations of EP (300 mg/L, 700 mg/L, and 1000 mg/L), we investigated the effect of EP on the growth and development of D. melanogaster before emergence. We found that EP prolonged the development cycle of D. melanogaster, and changed the relative expression levels of Met, Gce, EcR, Kr-h1, and Br. In addition, EP reduced the titer of juvenile hormone Ⅲ (JH Ⅲ) and 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), and delayed the peak of hormone secretion. This study provided a more objective and thorough assessment of safety for the parabens.

17.
Anal Chem ; 92(19): 13118-13125, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841018

RESUMO

As an important biomarker for early diagnosis of cancers, sensitive detection and high-resolution imaging of microRNA-21 in cancer cells have become important and challengeable. In this work, highly sensitive detection and spatial imaging of intracellular microRNA-21 were realized by the reduced signal background through vertical polarization excitation with a polarizer. The lateral local surface plasmon resonance property of gold nanorods (AuNRs) displayed a pronounced green color with low scattering intensity, which was adjusted to red color with strong scattering intensity when the core-satellite gold nanoparticle (AuNP) assembly was constructed on the side of AuNRs through a catalyzed hairpin assembly (CHA) circuit in the presence of microRNA-21. This unique approach allows for effectively reducing the strong background signal to improve the sensitivity of detection. Additionally, the proposed strategy can not only realize the sensitive detection of microRNA-21 with the limit of detection as low as 2 pM (3σ) but also achieve the high spatial imaging of cancer cells, which provided a specific strategy for the construction and imaging of intracellular imaging probes. It is believed that the simple and sensitive approach on the basis of lateral local surface plasmon resonance property of anisotropic AuNRs with excellent sensitivity combined with high spatial imaging holds promising potentials to visualize intracellular microRNAs with low abundance.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746265

RESUMO

In geometry processing, symmetry is a universal type of high-level structural information of the 3D models and benefits many geometry processing tasks including shape segmentation, alignment, matching, completion, etc. Thus it is an important problem to analyze various forms of symmetry of 3D shapes. The planar reflective symmetry is the most fundamental one. Traditional methods based on spatial sampling can be time consuming and may not be able to identify all the symmetry planes. In this paper, we present a novel learning framework to automatically discover global planar reflective symmetry of a 3D shape. Our framework trains an unsupervised 3D convolutional neural network to extract global model features and then outputs possible global symmetry parameters, where input shapes are represented using voxels. We introduce a dedicated symmetry distance loss along with a regularization loss to avoid generating duplicated symmetry planes. Our network can also identify isotropic shapes by predicting their rotation axes. We further provide a method to remove invalid and duplicated planes and axes. We demonstrate that our method is able to produce reliable and accurate results. Our neural network based method is hundreds of times faster than the state-of-the-art methods, which are based on sampling. Our method is also robust even with noisy or incomplete input surfaces.

19.
Methods ; 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805397

RESUMO

Integrative analysis of multiple omics offers the opportunity to uncover coordinated cellular processes acting across different omics layers. The ever-increasing of multi-omics data provides us a comprehensive insight into cancer subtyping. Many multi-omics integrative methods have been developed, but few of them can deal with partial datasets in which some samples only have data for a subset of the omics. In this study, we propose a partial multi-omics integrative method, MSNE (Multiple Similarity Network Embedding), for cancer subtyping. MSNE integrates the multi-omics information by embedding the neighbor relations of samples defined by the random walk on multiple similarity networks. We compared MSNE with five existing multi-omics integrative methods on twelve datasets in both full and partial scenarios. MSNE achieved the best result on pan-cancer and image datasets. Furthermore, on ten cancer subtyping datasets, MSNE got the most enriched clinical parameters and comparable log-rank test P-values in survival analysis. In conclusion, MSNE is an effective and efficient integrative method for multi-omics data and, especially, has a strong power on partial datasets.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32755863

RESUMO

3D models are commonly used in computer vision and graphics. With the wider availability of mesh data, an efficient and intrinsic deep learning approach to processing 3D meshes is in great need. Unlike images, 3D meshes have irregular connectivity, requiring careful design to capture relations in the data. To utilize the topology information while staying robust under different triangulations, we propose to encode mesh connectivity using Laplacian spectral analysis, along with mesh feature aggregation blocks (MFABs) that can split the surface domain into local pooling patches and aggregate global information amongst them. We build a mesh hierarchy from fine to coarse using Laplacian spectral clustering, which is flexible under isometric transformations. Inside the MFABs there are pooling layers to collect local information and multi-layer perceptrons to compute vertex features of increasing complexity. To obtain the relationships among different clusters, we introduce a Correlation Net to compute a correlation matrix, which can aggregate the features globally by matrix multiplication with cluster features. Our network architecture is flexible enough to be used on meshes with different numbers of vertices. We conduct several experiments including shape segmentation and classification, and our method outperforms state-of-the-art algorithms for these tasks on the ShapeNet and COSEG datasets.

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