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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 123378, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36716839

RESUMO

Litsea cubeba, an aromatic species of the Lauraceae family, produces a diverse array of monoterpenes. The biosynthesis of monoterpenes is regulated by transcriptional factors (TFs), such as APETALA2/ethylene response factor (AP2/ERF). However, the regulatory mechanisms that control the AP2/ERF gene responsible for the biosynthesis of monoterpenes in L. cubeba have yet to be elucidated. Here, we identified an AP2/ERF gene, LcERF134, as an activator for the accumulation of citral and other monoterpenes. The expression level of LcERF134 was consistent with terpene synthase LcTPS42 in the pericarp. The transient overexpression of LcERF134 significantly increased monoterpene production in L. cubeba as well as the expression of rate-limiting genes involved in the monoterpene biosynthesis pathway. Furthermore, yeast one-hybrid, dual-luciferase and electrophoretic mobility shift assays demonstrated that LcERF134 activated the monoterpene biosynthesis pathway by directly binding to the GCC-box elements of the LcTPS42 and LcGPPS.SSU1 promoters. However, the overexpression of LcERF134 in tomatoes had no impact on the synthesis of monoterpenes, thus indicating that LcERF134 is a species-specific TF. Our research demonstrated that LcERF134 significantly increased the biosynthesis of monoterpenes by inducing the expression of LcTPS42 and LcGPPS.SSU1, thus offering insight into how to enhance the flavor of L. cubeba essential oil.

2.
Microb Pathog ; 175: 105970, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621696

RESUMO

Recent studies have demonstrated that dysbiosis of the gut microbiota is associated with psoriasis, but these studies showed some conflicting results. Our study examined differences in microbiome composition associated in people with psoriasis and those without. Comparing individuals with their healthy partners was a second strategy. We explored the fecal microbiota among 32 nontreated plaque psoriasis patients, 15 healthy controls and 17 healthy couples by metagenomic gene sequencing. The relative levels of intestinal microbiota of the psoriasis cohort differed from those in healthy controls and these patients' partners. However, there was no microbial diversity among these three cohorts. On the level of the phylum, Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes' relative abundances were reversed. Escherichia coli was significantly enriched in the psoriasis group compared with the healthy people and the healthy spouses. Gene functional analysis indicated that Ribosome (ko03010) was upregulated, Flagellar assembly (ko02040) and Bacterial chemotaxis (ko02030) were downregulated in the psoriasis cohort compared with the healthy individuals and the healthy spouses. The microbiota in severe psoriasis patients differed from those with milder conditions. These findings strongly support the association between intestinal flora and psoriasis. It is necessary to perform more meaningful experiments to identify whether the differences of gut microbiota are the cause or consequences of psoriasis in future.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; 370: 128577, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603750

RESUMO

Microbial electrolysis cell-assisted thermophilic anaerobic digestion (MEC-TAD) is a promising method to improve anaerobic co-digestion efficiency; however, its application is restricted by high energy consumption. To improve the energy use efficiency of MEC-TAD, this study investigated the effect of different intermittent energization strategies on thermophilic co-digestion performance. Results revealed that an 18 h-ON/6h-OFF energization schedule resulted in the fastest electron transfer rate and the highest methane yield (364.3 mL/g VS). Mechanistic analysis revealed that 18 h-ON/6h-OFF resulted in the enrichment of electroactive microorganisms and increased abundance of enzyme-coding genes associated with energy metabolism (ntp, nuo, atp), electron transfer (pilA, nfrA2, ssuE), and the hydrogenotrophic methanogenic pathway. Finally, energy balance analysis revealed that 18 h-ON/6h-OFF had the highest net energy benefit (2.52 kJ) and energy conversion efficiency (110.76 %). Therefore, intermittent energization of MEC-TAD using an 18 h-ON/6h-OFF schedule can provide improved performance and more energy savings.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Eliminação de Resíduos , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Alimentos , Eletrólise , Metano , Digestão , Esgotos
4.
J Neurosci ; 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653189

RESUMO

Itch is an uncomfortable and complex sensation that elicits the desire to scratch. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) activity is important in driving sensation, motivation, and emotion. Excitatory afferents from the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), amygdala, and hippocampus are crucial in tuning the activity of dopamine receptor D1- and D2-expressing medium spiny neurons (Drd1- and Drd2-MSNs) in the NAc. However, a cell-type and neural circuity-based mechanism of the NAc underlying acute itch remains unclear. We found that acute itch induced by compound 48/80 (C48/80) decreased the intrinsic membrane excitability in Drd1-MSNs, but not in Drd2-MSNs in the NAc core of male mice. Chemogenetic activation of Drd1-MSNs alleviated C48/80-induced scratching behaviors, but not itch-related anxiety-like behaviors. In addition, C48/80 enhanced the frequency of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) and reduced the paired-pulse ratio of electrical stimulation-evoked EPSCs in Drd1-MSNs. Furthermore, C48/80 increased excitatory synaptic afferents to Drd1-MSNs from the mPFC, not from the basolateral amygdala or ventral hippocampus. Consistently, the intrinsic excitability of mPFC-NAc projecting pyramidal neurons was increased after C48/80 treatment. Chemogenetic inhibition of mPFC-NAc excitatory synaptic afferents relieved the scratching behaviors. Moreover, pharmacological activation of kappa opioid receptor (KOR) in the NAc core suppressed C48/80-induced scratching behaviors, and the modulation of KOR activity in the NAc resulted in the changes of presynaptic excitatory inputs to Drd1-MSNs in C48/80-treated mice. Together, these results reveal the neural plasticity in synapses of NAc Drd1-MSNs from the mPFC underlying acute itch and indicate the modulatory role of the KOR in itch-related scratching behaviors.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT:Itch stimuli cause strongly scratching desire and anxiety in patients. However, the related neural mechanisms remain largely unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that the pruritogen compound 48/80 (C48/80) shapes the excitability of dopamine receptor D1-expressing medium spiny neurons (Drd1-MSNs) in the NAc core and the glutamatergic synaptic afferents from medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) to these neurons. Chemogenetic activation of Drd1-MSNs or inhibition of mPFC-NAc excitatory synaptic afferents relieves the scratching behaviors. In addition, pharmacological activation of kappa opioid receptor (KOR) in the NAc core alleviates C48/80-induced itch. Thus, targeting mPFC-NAc Drd1-MSNs or KOR may provide effective treatments for itch.

5.
Med Sci Monit ; 29: e939464, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628645

RESUMO

This publication has been retracted by the Editor due to the identification of non-original figure images and manuscript content that raise concerns regarding the credibility and originality of the study and the manuscript. Reference: Jiang, He Li, Heping Xiang, Ming Gao, Chunlin Yin, Haiping Wang, Yuansong Sun, Maoming Xiong. Long Chain Non-Coding RNA (lncRNA) HOTAIR Knockdown Increases miR-454-3p to Suppress Gastric Cancer Growth by Targeting STAT3/Cyclin D1. Med Sci Monit, 2019; 25: 1537-1548. DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913087.

6.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 43(1): 109-13, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633249

RESUMO

To make up for the shortcomings of traditional mild moxibustion, according to the principle and technical operation characteristics of traditional mild moxibustion, combined with temperature control technology, a novel infrared mild moxibustion device is developed, which is capable of real-time accurate temperature control. This novel infrares mild moxibustion device is composed of a host computer and an infrared radiation head. The host computer includes four modules: power supply, human-computer interaction interface, micro control unit (MCU) and drive circuit. The infrared radiation head mainly includes an infrared heater and a temperature sensor. This novel infrared mild moxibustion device is easy to operate. The electrothermal heating tablet can generate infrared radiation of 3 000-13 000 nm. After the temperature of the infrared heater is stabilized, the range of temperature change is ±0.50 ℃, realizing the goal of precise temperature control. In addition, it can operate moxibustion treatment at multiple acupoints at the same time, which is conducive to the dose-effect evaluation of mild moxibustion.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Humanos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Temperatura , Calefação
7.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 44(1): 219-230, 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635810

RESUMO

Lake Luoma is an important storage lake for the Eastern route of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project (NSBD), which has many functions including flood control and irrigation, drinking water supply, and ecological maintenance. In order to understand the succession patterns and driving factors of water quality in Lake Luoma, we used monthly monitoring data from 2009 to 2020 in combination with historical data from 1996 to 2008. The long-term succession patterns, seasonal dynamics, and spatial patterns of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), permanganate index, and ammonia nitrogen (NH+4-N) were examined, and the influence of meteorological and hydrological factors on water quality was explored through correlation analyses and generalized additive models. The results showed that it remained in the status of grade Ⅳ-inferior Ⅴ over the past 25 years. The concentration of TN, which was the main pollutant, changed significantly (1.06-3.49 mg·L-1), experiencing three stages of gradual decline (1996-2002), significant interannual fluctuation (2002-2015), and significant increase (2015-2020). Permanganate index decreased significantly (2.97-6.38 mg·L-1), whereas TP and NH+4-N concentration fluctuated slightly, ranging from 0.024-0.076 mg·L-1 and 0.11-0.69 mg·L-1, respectively. The concentration of TN and TP increased abnormally in the summer of 2017-2020, reaching 3.30 mg·L-1 and 0.14 mg·L-1 in August, respectively, which was approximately 1.5 and 2.4 times the annual average. In terms of seasonal dynamics, the seasonal variation in water quality between summer/autumn and winter/spring reversed after 2015, with water quality in summer/autumn being worse than that in winter and spring, indicating the exacerbation of eutrophication. The water quality in the southern area was obviously better than that in the northern area. The input of pollutants from the Yihe River and Middle Canal increased with water quantity since 2015, which drove the water quality deterioration through nutrients. Our results suggested that the water quality of Lake Luoma should be improved by strengthening exogenous pollution reduction, endogenous control, polder dismantling, and ecological restoration.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Qualidade da Água , Lagos , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Inundações , Fósforo/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Eutrofização , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , China
8.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 44(1): 560-571, 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635844

RESUMO

Global warming caused by carbon emissions is an environmental issue that is of great concern to all walks of life. Dynamic monitoring of the spatiotemporal evolution of urban carbon emissions is an important part of achieving the regional double-carbon goals. Taking the main urban area of Chongqing as an example, based on the data of land use and energy consumption, this study estimated the carbon emissions of 153 townships and streets in the main urban area of Chongqing from 2000 to 2020 by using the carbon emission coefficient method. Additionally, using the ESTDA framework to pass the LISA time path, spatiotemporal transition, and the standard deviation ellipse model from the perspective of spatiotemporal interaction, the spatiotemporal dynamic evolution of carbon emissions in the main urban area and the shift in the center of gravity over the past 20 years were analyzed. The results showed that: ① in the past 20 years, the carbon emissions in the main urban and rural areas have had a significant positive spatial correlation, and the spatial convergence showed a trend of first decreasing and then increasing. ② In the past 20 years, there were 126 township streets with low and medium relative lengths (accounting for 82%), indicating that the local spatial structure of township carbon emissions in the main urban area had strong stability; the total number of township streets with low and medium curvatures was 138 (accounting for 90%), indicating that the volatility of the main urban and rural carbon emissions in the direction of spatial dependence was relatively stable; there were 113 township streets (accounting for 74%) of the synergistic growth type, indicating that the main urban and rural carbon emissions were relatively stable. The emission pattern had strong spatial integration. ③ In the past 20 years, the spatiotemporal agglomeration index was greater than 70%, indicating that the local spatial correlation pattern and agglomeration characteristics of carbon emissions in the main urban and rural areas had strong stability. 4 In the past 20 years, the center of carbon emission in the main urban area had been distributed between 106°30'43″-106°32'42″E, 29°33'34″-29°35'56″N, and the center of gravity shifted to the northeast as a whole. The spatial distribution changed from the "northwest-southeast" pattern to the "northeast-southwest" pattern. These results can provide reference for the green and low-carbon sustainable development of Chongqing and the formulation of differentiated emission reduction policies, as well as provide reference for other similar mountain cities in western China.


Assuntos
Carbono , Aquecimento Global , Carbono/análise , Cidades , Análise Espacial , China
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627424

RESUMO

The analysis of urban carbon metabolism will help to mitigate global warming and achieve China's "Dual Carbon" targets. Taking the main urban area of Chongqing (MUAC) as an example, this study accounted for the carbon release and carbon absorption in MUAC, constructed an urban carbon flow model based on the land-carbon nexus, and evaluated the urban carbon metabolic system from 2000 to 2020 by using the ecological network analysis method. The results show that MUAC is dominated by a "carbon source" effect, and the net carbon flow is always negative. The negative carbon flow mainly comes from the conversion of cultivated land to construction land, and the positive carbon flow mainly comes from the conversion of construction land to cultivated land and woodland. The ecological relationship of carbon metabolism in MUAC is dominated by exploitation and control relationships, which mainly exist in the ecological relationship between construction land and cultivated land, and the spatial distribution is concentrated in the central and western areas of MUAC. Our research results can provide a reference for Chongqing's green and low-carbon sustainable development as a means toward the realization of the "Dual Carbon" targets and provide a reference for other similar mountainous cities in western China.

10.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 635: 1-11, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36577350

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has attracted extensive attention as an ultrasensitive detection method. However, the poor biocompatibility and expensive synthesis cost of noble metal SERS substrates have become non-negligible factors that limit the development of SERS technology. Metal chalcogenide semiconductors as an alternative to noble metal SERS substrates can avoid these disadvantages, but the enhancement effect is lower than that of noble metal substrates. Here, we report a method to co-modify MoS2 by Ni and O, which improves the carrier concentration and mobility of MoS2. The SERS effect of the modified MoS2 is comparable to that of noble metals. We found that the improved SERS performance of MoS2 can be attributed to the following two factors: strong interfacial dipole-dipole interaction and efficient charge transfer effect. During the doping process, the incorporation of Ni and O enhances the polarity and carrier concentration of MoS2, enhances the interfacial interaction of MoS2, and provides a basis for charge transfer. During the annealing process, the introduction of O atoms into the S defects reduces the internal defects of doped MoS2, improves the carrier mobility, and promotes the efficient charge transfer effect of MoS2. The final modified MoS2 as a SERS substrate realizes low-concentration detection of bilirubin, cytochrome C, and trichlorfon. This provides promising guidance for the practical inspection of metal chalcogenide semiconductor substrates.

11.
Bioresour Technol ; 370: 128398, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36496318

RESUMO

The valorization of organic solid waste to lactic acid (LA) in open fermentation systems has attracted tremendous interest in recent years. In this study, a highly efficient oriented LA bioconversion system from food waste (FW) in open mode was established. The maximum LA production was 115 g/L, with a high yield of 0.97 g-LA/g-total sugar. FW is a low-cost feedstock for LA production, containing indigenous hydrolysis and LA-producing bacteria (LAB). Saccharification and real-time pH control were found to be essential for maintaining LAB dominantly in open systems. Furthermore, microbial community analysis revealed that Enterococcus mundtii adapted to complex FW substrates and dominated the subsequent bioconversion process. The oriented LA bioconversion exhibited the capacity for biological carbon fixation by reducing CO2 emissions by at least 21 kg per ton of FW under anaerobic conditions.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Eliminação de Resíduos , Alimentos , Ácido Láctico , Fermentação
12.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 634: 651-663, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549213

RESUMO

In this work, a novel surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sandwich strategy biosensing platform has been established for simultaneously detecting Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Fe3O4@SiO2-Au nanocomposites (NCs) with varying amounts of Au nanocrystals were prepared, and the effect of interparticle gaps on SERS activity was studied by finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. The optimal magnetic SERS-active substrates (FS-A5) were functionalized with the specific aptamers to act as capture probes. Meanwhile, graphene oxide-Au nanostars (GO-Au NSs) decorated with Raman reporters and aptamers were used as SERS tags. The loading density of Au NSs on GO was tuned to change the number of SERS active sites. In this proposal, E. coli and S. aureus were first captured by capture probes and then bound with SERS tags to form a sandwich-like structure, which caused enhanced electromagnetic field because of the dual enhancement strategy. Under optimal conditions, SERS platform could detect E. coli and S. aureus simultaneously, and the detection limit was as low as 10 cfu/mL. Our sandwich assay-based dual-enhanced SERS platform provides a new idea for simultaneously detecting multiple pathogens with high selectivity and sensitivity, and thus will have more hopeful prospects in the field of food safety.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli , Limite de Detecção , Dióxido de Silício , Oligonucleotídeos , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Ouro/química
13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 227: 827-838, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563803

RESUMO

Microcrystalline celluloses were isolated from four agricultural residues, including sweet sorghum stalk, Jerusalem artichoke stalk, grains stillage, and Chinese herb residue, and characterized in terms of physicochemical and structural properties. The obtained microcrystalline celluloses were composited with polylactic acid as a packing film for the preservation of Lanzhou lily. All the agricultural residues-derived microcrystalline celluloses were in cellulose Iß structure with high purity and good thermal stability. Microcrystalline celluloses from sweet sorghum stalk had a higher degree of polymerization (327) and crystallinity (70.52 %) than others. The preservation effect of lily bulbs packaged by films were significantly improved indicated by the lessened weight loss rate and the meliorative hardness and whiteness, which ascribe to the repressed oxidation reactions. Polylactic acid/microcrystalline cellulose composite films prepared from sweet sorghum straw have been proved the most effective. This work could offer a value-added outlet for agricultural residues to produce microcrystalline celluloses-based biocompatible films for preservation of Lanzhou lily.


Assuntos
Helianthus , Lilium , Celulose/química
14.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 640: 40-49, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36502630

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metastasis, a complex multi-stage process, is the primary cause of breast cancer-related death. Unfortunately, the molecular mechanisms underlying tumor metastasis have not been fully elucidated thus far. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) dictate the behaviours of tumor cells via multiple signaling pathways, resulting in tumor cell migration and invasion, as well as all stages of cancer progression. LncRNAs function as regulators in shaping cellular activities directly through influencing key genes involved in biological processes of the tumor, and representing promising novel targets in cancer diagnosis and therapy. We therefore sought to define the correlations between lncRNA expression and breast cancer metastasis, especially to investigate the functional pathway underlying lncRNA-mediated tumor invasion and metastasis process. RESULTS: In this study, we compared the lncRNA transcriptome profiles between primary breast cancer 4T1 cells and high metastatic 4T1-LG12 cells. We found that many differently expressed lncRNAs greatly correlated to the metastatic propensity of 4T1-LG12 cells, particularly lncRNA-45, a new lncRNA without functional annotations, which was found to be the most upregulated lncRNA transcribed by an internal region within the regulatory associated with protein of mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR) complex 1 (Rptor) gene. LncRNA-45 was uncovered to be involved in the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition process of breast cancer cells, as evidenced by the observation that lncRNA-45 knockdown significantly suppressed the invasive capability of parental 4T1-LG12 cells. Molecular mechanistic investigation showed that reduced activity of mTORC1-associated pathway led to a decrease of total ribosomal protein S6 kinase, polypeptide 1 (S6K1) content and enhancement of autophagy, consequently compromising the metastatic propensity in lncRNA-45 knockdown cells. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our experiments uncovered that the newly identified lncRNA-45 played a regulatory role in breast cancer cell metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Movimento Celular/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
15.
Adv Mater ; : e2209566, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461147

RESUMO

Liquid crystal elastomers (LCEs) are renowned for their large, reversible, and anisotropic shape change in response to various external stimuli due to their lightly crosslinked polymer networks with an oriented mesogen direction, thus showing great potential for applications in robotics, bio-medics, electronics, optics, and energy. To fully take advantage of the anisotropic stimuli-responsive behaviors of LCEs, it is preferable to achieve a locally controlled mesogen alignment into monodomain orientations. In recent years, the application of four-dimensional (4D) printing to LCEs opens new doors for simultaneously programming the mesogen alignment and the three-dimensional geometry, offering more opportunities and higher feasibility for the fabrication of 4D-printed LCE objects with desirable stimuli-responsive properties. In this paper, the state-of-the-art advances in 4D printing of LCEs are reviewed, with emphasis on both the mechanisms and potential applications. First, the fundamental properties of LCEs and the working principles of the representative 4D printing techniques are briefly introduced. Then, the fabrication of LCEs by 4D printing techniques and the advantages over conventional manufacturing methods are demonstrated. Finally, perspectives on the current challenges and potential development trends towards the 4D printing of LCEs are discussed, which might shed light on future research directions in this new field. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

16.
Small ; : e2206407, 2022 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464629

RESUMO

Seeking highly-efficient, non-pollutant, and chemically robust photocatalysts for visible-light-driven ammonia production still remained challenging, especially in pure water. The key bottle-necks closely correlate to the nitrogen activation, water oxidization, and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) processes. In this study, a novel Bi decorated imine-linked COF-TaTp (Bi/COF-TaTp) through N-Bi-O coordination is reasonably designed to achieve a boosting solar-to-ammonia conversion of 61 µmol-1  g-1  h-1 in the sacrificial-free system. On basis of serial characterizations and DFT calculations, the incorporated Bi is conducive to the acceleration of charge carriers transfer and N2 activation through the donation and back-donation mode. The N2 adsorption energy of 5% Bi/COF-TaTp is calculated to be -0.19 eV in comparison with -0.09 eV of the pure COF-TaTp and the electron exchange between N2 and the modified catalyst is much more intensive. Moreover, the accompanied hydrogen production process is effectively inhibited by Bi modification, demonstrated by the higher energy barrier for HER over Bi/COF-TaTp (2.62 eV) than the pure COF-TaTp (2.31 eV) when using H binding free energy (ΔGH* ) as a descriptor. This work supplies novel insights for the design of photocatalysts for N2 reduction and intensifies the understanding of N2 adsorption and activation over covalent organic frameworks-based materials.

17.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1072607, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36465404

RESUMO

Introduction: Ectopic thyroid cancer (ETC) is primary thyroid cancer occurring in ectopic thyroid tissue, and its incidence rate is approximately 0.3%-0.5% of thyroid cancer. Only approximately 132 cases of ETC have been diagnosed and treated worldwide in the past 110 years, with most of them being adults. Of note, patients with ETC are prone to misdiagnosis and mistreatment. Case report: This was a 13-year-old adolescent female who reported having a sensation of swallowing obstruction when eating blocky foods. Color Doppler Ultrasound (CDU) found a 2.3 cm ×1.7 cm × 2.1 cm hypoechoic nodule slightly to the right of the deep surface of the tongue base, with a honeycomb shape. Meanwhile, a mixed echogenic nodule of approximately 2.0 cm × 1.9 cm × 2.3 cm was seen deep in the mouth floor, and a very low echogenic region of 1.4 cm × 1.1 cm × 1.8 cm was observed in the nodule. We then performed a fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the thyroid nodules guided by CDU, and the results showed papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Then, a local extended resection of the thyroid carcinoma was performed. Bilateral cervical IA and adjacent subhyoid lymph node dissection was performed through a small anterior cervical incision. The patient recovered well, and was discharged on the fifth day after surgery. The patient only took levothyroxine tablets for replacement therapy after surgery. The patient was followed up for 36 months, and the thyroid function remained in the normal range. Reexamination by CDU showed no tumor recurrence, lymph node enlargement, or obvious change in the tongue base ectopic thyroid. Conclusions: ETC is an extremely rare type of thyroid cancer, which is easy to be misdiagnosed. Preoperative use of CDU, nuclide scanning, computed tomography (CT)/Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and FNAB can significantly reduce the misdiagnosis rate of this disease. Surgery is currently the main treatment for ETC. Complete resection still has a high cure rate. For patients with advanced ETC who cannot be completely resected, external radiotherapy and targeted therapy can be tried, but the prognosis needs to be verified with more cases in the future.

18.
Front Oncol ; 12: 852032, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36483043

RESUMO

Background: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare type of thyroid cancer; however, it accounted for 13.4% of the disease-specific mortalities. ALTER01031 (NCT02586350) was a randomised, placebo-controlled phase 2b trial that evaluated the efficacy and safety of anlotinib in locally advanced or metastatic MTC. This post hoc analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of anlotinib in older patients and those with bone metastases using ALTER01031. Methods: In ALTER01031, anlotinib significantly prolonged the median progression-free survival (PFS) from 11.1 months to 20.7 months compared with placebo in the whole population. Patients who were older (≥ 50 years) or had bone metastases were selected. PFS and overall survival (OS) were estimated and compared between patients receiving anlotinib or placebo in each subgroup. A sub-analysis of tumour response and safety was also performed. Results: Patients with older age or bone metastases experienced rapid disease progression as the median PFS was 6.8 months and 7.0 months respectively in the placebo group. Anlotinib significantly improved the median PFS to 17.5 months (P = 0.002) and 20.7 months (P = 0.029) with hazard ratio (HR) of 0.31 (95% CI, 0.15-0.68) and 0.44 (95% CI, 0.20-0.94) compared with placebo. Significant benefit in OS was observed in patients with older age after a longer follow-up (HR = 0.47 [95% CI, 0.22-0.99], P = 0.041). The safety profile of these subgroups was similar to that of the entire population. Conclusion: This sub-analysis demonstrated significant survival benefits and favourable safety of anlotinib in patients with MTC who had old age or bone metastases, supporting the feasibility of anlotinib in these patients.

19.
Front Nutr ; 9: 933343, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36505237

RESUMO

Background: The issue of population aging in rural China is getting profound; nevertheless, its impact on food consumption has not been well evaluated. This study aims to examine the relationship between rural aging and family food consumption in rural China. Materials and methods: Using the statistical yearbook data and the nationally representative household-level data from the China Rural Fixed Observation Points, this study compares the evolution of food consumption between rural and urban residents from 1985 to 2020 and analyzes the structure of food consumption expenditure of rural residents. Next, this study further investigates the impact of aging on food consumption in rural households with ordinary least squares. Results: (1) The principal foods consumed by rural residents in 2020 are meat and meat products (36.8%), grain (24.5%), and vegetables (10.9%). (2) An increase in older adults has decreased the absolute consumption of all foods, while it increased relative consumption of meat and meat products, aquatic products, edible oil and fats, poultry, eggs, and sugar. (3) Due to differences in the structure of young adults' food consumption, older adults would increase their consumption of fruits and vegetables if they lived with younger adults. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that rural older adults may increase their consumption of fruits and vegetables by advocating intergenerational cohabitation while maintaining their intake of protein to achieve a balanced dietary structure and improve their health condition.

20.
Front Oncol ; 12: 895177, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36505880

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the study is to develop and validate a deep learning model to predict the platinum sensitivity of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) based on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: In this retrospective study, 93 patients with EOC who received platinum-based chemotherapy (≥4 cycles) and debulking surgery at the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital from January 2011 to January 2020 were enrolled and randomly assigned to the training and validation cohorts (2:1). Two different models were built based on either the primary tumor or whole volume of the abdomen as the volume of interest (VOI) within the same cohorts, and then a pre-trained convolutional neural network Med3D (Resnet 10 version) was transferred to automatically extract 1,024 features from two MRI sequences (CE-T1WI and T2WI) of each patient to predict platinum sensitivity. The performance of the two models was compared. Results: A total of 93 women (mean age, 50.5 years ± 10.5 [standard deviation]) were evaluated (62 in the training cohort and 31 in the validation cohort). The AUCs of the whole abdomen model were 0.97 and 0.98 for the training and validation cohorts, respectively, which was better than the primary tumor model (AUCs of 0.88 and 0.81 in the training and validation cohorts, respectively). In k-fold cross-validation and stratified analysis, the whole abdomen model maintained a stable performance, and the decision function value generated by the model was a prognostic indicator that successfully discriminates high- and low-risk recurrence patients. Conclusion: The non-manually segmented whole-abdomen deep learning model based on MRI exhibited satisfactory predictive performance for platinum sensitivity and may assist gynecologists in making optimal treatment decisions.

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