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1.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-5, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054366

RESUMO

Preeclampsia (PE) is a specific obstetric disorder that may result in maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Increasing evidence has been indicated that some candidate genes related to oxidative stress, such as glutamate-cysteine ligase, catalytic subunit (GCLC), glutamate-cysteine ligase, modifier subunit (GCLM), involve in the pathogenesis of PE. After the genetic contribution of GCLC rs17883901 polymorphism was analyzed by TaqMan allelic discrimination real-time PCR in 1001 PE patients and 1182 normal pregnant women, a case-control association analysis was performed. Although no statistical difference was found in genetic distribution of rs17883901 in GCLC between PE and control group (χ2 = 2.201, p = .333 by genotypic, χ2 = 0.524, p = .469, OR = 0.932, 95%CI = 0.771-1.128 by allelic), significant differences in the genotypic frequencies were investigated between mild PE group (χ2 = 6.999, p = .030) or late-onset PE group (χ2 = 6.197, p = .045) and control group. Furthermore, when dividing the mild PE patients, the late-onset PE patients and the controls into TT/CT + CC, TT + CT/CC, and TT/CC subgroups, we found statistical differences between mild PE and controls (TT/CT + CC:χ2 = 5.132, p = .023, OR = 2.948, 95%CI = 1.107-7.854; TT/CC:χ2 = 4.564, p = .033, OR = 2.793, 95%CI = 1.046-7.460) as well as late-onset PE and controls (TT/CT + CC:χ2 = 4.043, p = .044, OR = 2.248, 95%CI = 1.000-5.055). This is the first study to indicate GCLC rs17883901 polymorphism may be associated with a risk of mild PE and late-onset PE in Chinese Han women. However, additional well-designed studies with multi-ethnic and large-scale samples should be performed to validate our results.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045008

RESUMO

AIMS: In this study, we investigated the characteristics and underlying mechanisms of the electrocardiographic (ECG) morphology during left bundle branch area pacing (LBBAP), which have not been systematically described. METHODS: Patients with indications for permanent cardiac pacing underwent LBBAP attempts. The ECGs of patients with confirmed left bundle branch (LBB) capture were compared with those of individuals with right bundle branch block (RBBB) on 12-lead ECG. Intracardiac electrograms recorded during implantation were analyzed in all patients who underwent pacing. RESULTS: LBBAP was successfully achieved in 87.5% (56/64) of patients. The QRS morphologies in lead V1 during LBBAP, which typically demonstrated Qr (60.7%), qR (19.6%), rSR' (7.1%), or QS (12.5%) patterns, differed from those of native RBBB, which featured rsR' (57.5%), M shape (23.7%), or monophasic R patterns (18.7%). The terminal R' wave duration in lead V1 was significantly shorter during LBBAP than during native RBBB (51±12 ms vs 85±19 ms, p<0.001). LBB potentials were recorded in 66.1% (37/56) of the LBBAP patients. No significant differences in ECG characteristics were found between LBBAP with and without recorded LBB potentials. The presence of bundle branch block during LBBAP significantly prolonged QRS duration, R wave peak time, and terminal R' wave duration in lead V1 . CONCLUSION: LBBAP-ECG patterns are characterized by a shorter terminal R' wave duration in lead V1 compared with that of native RBBB configurations. Bundle branch conduction integrity has an impact on ECG characteristics during LBBAP. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 215-226, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32021175

RESUMO

3D printing, as a driving force of innovation over many areas, brings numerous manufacturing methods together from the macro to nano scales. New revolutionary materials (such as polymeric materials and natural biomaterials) can be produced into unique 3D printed nanostructures. The morphology and functionality of various 3D printing methods as well in vitro and in vivo results of their use towards regenerating bone are discussed in this review. This review further focuses nano scale 3D bioprinting technology for bone tissue engineering, mainly including recent progress in research on technical materials and methods, typical applications, and crucial achievements; explaining the scientific and technical challenges for bone tissue fabrication; and describing micro-nano scale 3D printing application prospects, development directions, and trends for the future for this field to realize its full potential.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 182-185, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034751

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform prenatal diagosis for two fetuses carrying partial deletion of Y chromosome. METHODS: Routine G- and C-banding were carried out to analyze the chromosomal karyotypes of the fetuses and their fathers. Fetal DNA was also subjected to low-coverage massively parallel copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), SRY gene and AZF factor testing. RESULTS: Both fetuses showed a 46, XN, del(Y) (q11.2) karyotype at 320-400 band level by the analysis of amniotic fluid chromosomes. FISH with Y chromosome centromere probe indicated that in both cases the number of Y chromosome was normal. Both fathers had an apparently normal karyotype at 320-400 band level. For fetus 1, CNV-seq test revealed a 12.88 Mb deletion at Yq11.221-q12, which encompassed the whole of AZFb+AZFc regions and may lead to male infertility, sperm deficiency and/or severe oligospermia. In fetus 2, CNV-seq also detected a 14.84 Mb deletion at Yq11.21-q12, which encompassed the whole of the AZF region and may lead to severe spermatogenesis disorder resulting in severe oligoasthenospermia and azoospermia. In both cases, testing of SRY gene was positive. No point mutation of the SRY gene was identified. Analysis of amniotic fluid DNA confirmed partial or total absence of AZF in the two fetuses, respectively. CONCLUSION: Combined use of various technologies can enable accurate detection of structural abnormalities of the Y chromosome and facilitate genetic counseling. CNV-seq can help with rapid screening of Y chromosome microdeletions and may be used as a complementary test for chromosomal karyotyping.

5.
Molecules ; 25(3)2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033079

RESUMO

Recently, many natural products with unique structure and promising pharmacological potential have been reported from marine-derived microorganisms. The macrolactin A (MA), 15-epi-dihydromacrolactin F (DMF) and macrolactin F (MF) were obtained from the culture broth extract of a marine sediment derived microorganism Bacillus sp. HC001. In this study, MA, DMF and MF inhibited the production and expression of proinflammatory mediators of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 and BV2 cells. Also, MA, DMF and MF exert anti-inflammatory effects through the expression of heme oxygenase (HO) -1, a stress-inducing enzyme that converts heme to carbon monoxide (CO), iron and biliberdine. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expressed by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was inhibited by increased expression of HO-1 transcription factor Nrf2 and down regulation of BTB Domain And CNC Homolog 1 (BACH1), inhibited phosphorylation of Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 7 (MAP3K7, TAK1) and nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB). These results show that MA, DMF and MF effectively inhibited TLR4 by regulating BACH1 and HO-1/Nrf2 signals in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 and BV2 cells, which suggests the possibility of use as an anti-inflammatory agent.

6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 231: 115727, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888849

RESUMO

Carbazate groups were grafted on the commercial cellulose membrane (CM) to specifically scavenge the carbonylated proteins for hemodialysis. It confirmed that carbazate groups were successfully covalently attached on the CMs by XPS and EDS, and the modified CMs still saved their original morphology and crystalline structures by SEM and XRD. Furthermore, the modified CMs presented favorable physicochemical stability at wide pH range from 2.5 to 7.4. It was also found that the carbazate modified CMs could selectively remove carbonylated proteins from acrolein treated bovine serum albumin (BSA) or ESRD patient's blood serum in PBS buffer. The modified CMs showed the potential to be utilized as the substitute of dialysis membranes in hemodialysis.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Short implants (intra-bony length ≤ 8 mm) are generally considered as an alternative to bone augmentation in challenging situations; however, clinical evidence from large-scale studies with long follow-up regarding the application of short implants remains deficient. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to assess the mid-term clinical outcomes of short implants supporting fixed prostheses in the posterior region, and to investigate the effects of the crown-to-implant ratio (C/I), and other patient-, implant-, prosthesis-relevant factors on the clinical conditions around short implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 180 Thommen short implants in 130 partially edentulous patients were enrolled in the study after 3 to 7 (mean 4.2) years of follow-up. Potential risk factors (patient sex and age, implant diameter and location, splinted vs single-tooth restorations, retention mode, anatomical and clinical C/I ratios) were evaluated according to the following outcomes: Implant survival, marginal bone loss (MBL), and mechanical and biological complications. RESULTS: In total, four implants in four patients failed as a result of peri-implantitis. The cumulative survival rate was 97.8% for implant-based analysis. The peri-implant MBL around 180 short implants was 0.90 ± 0.78 mm. The mean clinical C/I ratio was 1.16 ± 0.36. Correlation analysis revealed that the influence of the clinical C/I ratio and patient age were significant for MBL (P < .05), whereas other potential risk factors showed no significant association with the outcome. Among 180 short implants, 24 cases (13.3%) had biological complications and 32 cases (17.8%) had mechanical complications, respectively. Peri-implant MBL and complication rates around splinted and non-splinted implants were not statistically different. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this study, short implants supporting fixed prostheses in the posterior region achieved predictable clinical outcomes over a 3 to 7 year period. Within the range of 0.47 to 3.01, the higher the C/I ratio, the less the peri-implant MBL.

8.
Org Lett ; 22(3): 1139-1143, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977229

RESUMO

Herein, we report on the unprecedented dimerization of 1,6-enynes using a commercially available ruthenium complex RuCl2(PPh3)3, which results in a series of bicyclo[3.1.0]hexyl allene derivatives in moderate to excellent yields. Mechanistic investigation indicates that the in-situ-generated ruthenium vinylidene undergoes a site-selective metathesis process to provide allenyl ruthenium carbene, which can be intramolecularly trapped by the pendent C=C bond of enyne through a [2 + 2] cycloaddition/metal elimination process.

10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 232: 115802, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952601

RESUMO

A series of biocompatible and non- toxic polysaccharide molecules have been successfully fabricated and explored their potential application for scavenging the carbonyl species in vitro. These macromolecules were dextrans with different hydrazide substitution ratios determined by TNBS assay, NMR and FTIR characterization. The colorimetric assay had demonstrated that these macromolecules could effectively scavenge acrolein, oxidized bovine serum albumin (BSA) in buffer solutions as well as carbonyl proteins from serum. The scavengers could achieve twice more scavenging effects for modified dextrans with high molecular weight (Mw = 100,000) than those of low ones (Mw = 40,000) with the same substitution ratio. Protein gel electrophoresis confirmed that the formation of the complex between carbonyls and modified dextrans resulted in appearance of slower bands. It also revealed that such macromolecules could protect cultured cells against the toxicity of acrolein or its derivatives. The proposed macromolecules indicated a very promising capability as scavengers for oxidative stress plus its derivatives without side effects.

11.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 13, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the past few decades, drug delivery system (DDS) has attracted many interests because it could enhance the therapeutic effects of drugs and reduce their side effects. The advent of nanotechnology has promoted the development of nanosized DDSs, which could promote drug cellular uptake as well as prolong the half-life in blood circulation. Novel polymer micelles formed by self-assembly of amphiphilic polymers in aqueous solution have emerged as meaningful nanosystems for controlled drug release due to the reversible destabilization of hydrophobic domains under different conditions. RESULTS: The amphiphilic polymers presented here were composed of cholesterol groups end capped and poly (poly (ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate) (poly (OEGMA)) as tailed segments by the synthesis of cholesterol-based initiator, followed by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) with OEGMA monomer. FT-IR and NMR confirmed the successfully synthesis of products including initiator and polymers as well as the Mw of the polymers were from 33,233 to 89,088 g/mol and their corresponding PDI were from 1.25 to 1.55 by GPC. The average diameter of assembled polymer micelles was in hundreds nanometers demonstrated by DLS, AFM and SEM. The behavior of the amphiphilic polymers as micelles was investigated using pyrene probing to explore their critical micelle concentration (CMC) ranging from 2.53 × 10-4 to 4.33 × 10-4 mg/ml, decided by the balance between cholesterol and poly (OEGMA). Besides, the CMC of amphiphilic polymers, the quercetin (QC) feeding ratio and polarity of solvents determined the QC loading ratio maximized reaching 29.2% certified by UV spectrum, together with the corresponding size and stability changes by DLS and Zeta potential, and thermodynamic changes by TGA and DSC. More significantly, cholesterol end-capped polymer micelles were used as nanosized systems for controlled drug release, not only alleviated the cytotoxicity of QC from 8.6 to 49.9% live cells and also achieved the QC release in control under different conditions, such as the presence of cyclodextrin (CD) and change of pH in aqueous solution. CONCLUSIONS: The results observed in this study offered a strong foundation for the design of favorable polymer micelles as nanosized systems for controlled drug release, and the molecular weight adjustable amphiphilic polymer micelles held potential for use as controlled drug release system in practical application.

12.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 109-11, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930910

RESUMO

A mini-infrared moxibustion instrument was developed on the base of carbon fiber heating film. This new type moxibustion instrument integrated the moxibusiton technique of TCM with modern technology. It is composed of a power module, an infrared generator module, a temperature sensor, a display screen and a main control panel. The carbon fiber is adopted as the material for infrared generator, which produces infrared rays in the range of the life light wave (from 8 to 15 µm), characterized as precise control of temperature, small gradient and wide range of temperature adjustment. The users can adjust the temperature and time of moxibustion by themselves. The instrument is small in size, light in weight, easy to carry and charge as well as comfortable and safe in application. It can be fixed directly at the required region without the posture restriction and be used whenever needed. Using PowerLab multichannel physiological recorder, the temperature carve is detected at different setting temperatures. The results show that the temperature is increased rapidly and stable.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Fibra de Carbono , Temperatura Ambiente
13.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(2): 251-263, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929753

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play multiple key roles during inflammatory processes. In this study, a novel lncRNA identified by the high-throughput sequencing analysis was found significantly down-regulated in Escherichia coli-introduced cell model of bovine mastitis. Given that this lncRNA consists of the antisense of leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 75A (LRRC75A), it was named LRRC75A antisense lncRNA1 (LRRC75A-AS1). The expression of LRRC75A-AS1 was down-regulated in bovine mammary epithelial cells and mammary tissues under inflammatory condition. Knockout (KO) of LRRC75A-AS1 by CRISPR-Cas9 system in bovine mammary alveolar cell-T (MAC-T) cell line could enhance expressions of tight junction (TJ) proteins Claudin-1, Occludin and ZO-1, reduce cell monolayer permeability, and inhibit Staphylococcus aureus adhesion and invasion. Meanwhile, it also down-regulated expressions of inflammatory factors and attenuated activation of NF-κB pathway. Similarly, knockdown of LRRC75A caused the changes as LRRC75A-AS1 KO did, while overexpression of LRRC75A enabled the opposite effects. TJ of epithelioid cells barriers the pathogenic microorganisms outside during inflammation, in which LRRC75A-AS1 can regulate the expression of TJ proteins through LRRC75A, affecting the development of inflammation.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 564, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953495

RESUMO

Me31B is a protein component of Drosophila germ granules and plays an important role in germline development by interacting with other proteins and RNAs. To understand the dynamic changes that the Me31B interactome undergoes from oogenesis to early embryogenesis, we characterized the early embryo Me31B interactome and compared it to the known ovary interactome. The two interactomes shared RNA regulation proteins, glycolytic enzymes, and cytoskeleton/motor proteins, but the core germ plasm proteins Vas, Tud, and Aub were significantly decreased in the embryo interactome. Our follow-up on two RNA regulations proteins present in both interactomes, Tral and Cup, revealed that they colocalize with Me31B in nuage granules, P-bodies/sponge bodies, and possibly in germ plasm granules. We further show that Tral and Cup are both needed for maintaining Me31B protein level and mRNA stability, with Tral's effect being more specific. In addition, we provide evidence that Me31B likely colocalizes and interacts with germ plasm marker Vas in the ovaries and early embryo germ granules. Finally, we show that Me31B's localization in germ plasm is likely independent of the Osk-Vas-Tud-Aub germ plasm assembly pathway although its proper enrichment in the germ plasm may still rely on certain conserved germ plasm proteins.

15.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 53, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a growing global epidemic. Our study aims to confirm the association between circulatory coiled-coil domain-containing 80 (CCDC80) in pregnant women with GDM, to investigate the discriminatory power of CCDC80 on GDM, and to explore the relationships between this molecular level and clinical cardiometabolic parameters. METHODS: A 1:2 matched case-control study with 61 GDM patients and 122 controls was conducted using a propensity score matching protocol. All participants were screened from a multicenter prospective pre-birth cohort: Born in Shenyang Cohort Study (BISCS). During 24 and 28 weeks of gestation, follow-up individuals underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and blood sampling for cardiometabolic characterization. RESULTS: Following propensity score matching adjustment for clinical variables, including maternal age, gestational age, body mass index, SBP and DBP, plasma CCDC80 levels were significantly decreased in patients with GDM when compared with controls (0.25 ± 0.10 vs. 0.31 ± 0.12 ng/ml, P = 0.003). Conditional multi-logistic regression analyses after adjustments for potential confounding factors revealed that CCDC80 was a strong and independent protective factor for GDM (ORs < 1). In addition, the results of the ROC analysis indicated the CCDC80 exhibited the capability to identify pregnant women with GDM (AUC = 0.633). Finally, multivariate regression analyses showed that CCDC80 levels were positively associated with AST, monoamine oxidase, complement C1q, LDL-C, apolipoprotein A1and B, and negatively associated with blood glucose levels at 1 h post- OGTT. CONCLUSIONS: Biomarker CCDC80 could be of great value for the development of prediction, diagnosis and therapeutic strategies against GDM in pregnant women.

16.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 522(3): 743-748, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791581

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic and systemic autoimmune disease, which affects approximately 1% of the adult population worldwide. The present study investigated the therapeutic effect of theacrine (TC) on arthritis and its mechanisms in Freund's incomplete adjuvant (FIA)-induced SD rats. Rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: i) healthy control; ii) model; iii) positive control with methotrexate (MTX); iv) treatment with 12.5 mg/kg TC; and v) treatment with 25.0 mg/kg TC. The apparent scores, including changes in body weights, degree of paw swelling and arthritis indicators, were analyzed to evaluate the anti-chronic inflammatory effect of TC. The levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The protein and RNA expression levels of the critical factors in rats were measured to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for chronic inflammation and to verify molecular indexes of chronic inflammatory conditions. TC notably suppressed the severity of FIA-induced rat by attenuating the apparent scores, animal weight and inflammatory indexes in the 25 mg/kg TC group compared with the FIA rat model. Furthermore, TC significantly decreased the levels of IL-6 and increased the levels of TGF-ß. Histopathological examinations indicated that TC rescued the synovial hyperplasia and inflammatory cell infiltration in joint tissues. In addition, TC enhanced TGF-ß-mediated shifts in inflammatory marker expression in joint tissue. Overall, the present study demonstrated that TC exerted a superior anti-arthritic effect via the suppression of IL-6 and the activation of TGF-ß by the TGF-ß/SMAD pathway.

17.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 249: 112437, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794788

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Migraine is a disabling neurovascular disorder, which increases risk of cardiovascular events and is a social burden worldwide. The present first-line anti-migraine medications can cause overwhelming side-effects, of which one includes the onset of cardiovascular disease. As one of the marketed Tibetan drugs, Ru-yi-Zhen-bao Pills (RYZBP) have been clinically used to treat cardiovascular disorders and as anti-migraine medication. However, there is currently no research exploring the anti-migraine actions of RYZBP. AIM OF THE STUDY: The current research was designed to assess the anti-migraine roles of RYZBP and explore the underlying mechanisms in a nitroglycerin (NTG)-induced migraine rat model trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 rats were randomly divided into the following six groups of 20 rats each: normal control group, model control group, positive control group, and RYZBP high/medium/low-dose groups (Ru-yi-Zhen-bao Pills; TH 1.00 g/kg, TM 0.50 g/kg and TL 0.25 g/kg). All rats were administered intragastrically for 7 consecutive days, which were subcutaneously injected with the NTG (10 mg/kg) after the last gavage (except in the normal control group). 3min after NTG treatment, 30 rats (5 rats from each group) were anesthetized and devoted to electroencephalogram(EEG) testing, which was used to evaluate the analgesic effect of RYZBP. One hour after NTG treatment, the rest of the 90 rats (15 rats from each group) were anesthetized and midbrain tissue sample was dissected. The dissection was then washed with physiological saline and collected. The histopathological changes in the periaqueductal gray(PAG) of 5 tissue samples were determined by aematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining, as well as an estimation of substance P (SP) and neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R) expression through immunohistochemically staining(IHC). Another 5 midbrain preparations were carried out to evaluate calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), proenkephalin (PENK), SP, and cholecystokinin (CCK) expressions by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The rest of the 5 brainstem tissues were then used to measure CCK, CGRP, and opioid peptide receptor (DORR) levels by western blotting(WB). RESULTS: In the EEG test, RYZBP (TM 0.50 g / kg) treatment transformed the EEG pain-wave of the NTG-induced migraine model rats in different time period. In the mechanism assay, compared with the model control group, RYZBP pretreatment reduced inflammatory cell infiltration, fibrosis and vacuolation of neuronal cells of PAG tissue seen by HE staining. IHC experiments further showed that RYZBPTM up-regulated SP expression levels and enhanced NK1R levels in the NTG-induced migraine rats (P < 0.05). Therapeutic administration of RYZBP also increased PENK mRNA expression and DORR protein level. Both RT-qPCR and western blotting trials indicated that RYZBP treatment significantly decreased CCK and CGRP expression levels (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) in the NTG-induced migraine rats. CONCLUSIONS: RYZBP has the potential to be an effective anti-migraine treatment through suppressing the EEG pain-wave, increasing the levels of SP, PENK, DORR and reducing expression of CCK and CGRP. Mediating the PAG anti-nociceptive channel and inhibiting central sensitization were the two potential mechanisms, which offers further evidence for clinical therapy.

18.
Cytokine ; 127: 154921, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810024

RESUMO

Genome-wide association study (GWAS) has identified that rs10757278 in chromosome 9p21 was a risk loci of ischemic stroke (IS). Interferon-beta 1 (IFNB1), located on 9p21, has a protective role in IS. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether the rs10757278, rs9333358 and rs1051922 in IFNB1 were related to the risk of IS. The 3 polymorphisms were genotyped using a TaqMan allelic discrimination assay in 505 patients with IS and 652 controls with frequencies matched to cases regarding age, gender, living area, and ethnicity. The IFNB1 mRNA levels were determined using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and relative luciferase activity was measured using the Dual Luciferase reporter assay. An increased risk of IS was found for both the rs10757278 (GG vs. AA: adjusted OR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.27-2.55, P < 0.001; GG vs. AA/AG: adjusted OR = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.18-2.10, P = 0.002; G vs. A: adjusted OR = 1.35, 95% CI: 1.13-1.61, P < 0.001) and the rs9333358 (GG vs. AA: adjusted OR = 1.91, 95% CI: 1.27-2.88, P = 0.002; GG vs. AA/AG: adjusted OR = 1.81, 95% CI: 1.23-2.68, P = 0.003; G vs. A: adjusted OR = 1.35, 95% CI: 1.12-1.64, P = 0.002). Similarly, a higher risk of IS was also observed in the combined genotypes of the rs10757278 AG/GG and rs9333358 AG/GG (95% CI: 1.34-2.83, P < 0.001). Moreover, individuals carrying the rs9333358 GG genotype exhibited lower levels of IFNB1 mRNA and the rs9333358 G allele displayed a reduced transcriptional activity. These findings suggest that 9p21 rs10757278-IFNB1 rs9333358 may have both single and joint effects on the development of IS.

19.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 25(1): 59-66, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic veracity for disease-specific survival (DSS) of the eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer/Union for International Cancer Control tumor-node-metastasis staging system (TNM-8) compared with the seventh edition (TNM-7) in a Chinese population of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) and to evaluate the impact of N1b redefinition and reclassification on prediction of survival. METHODS: A total of 569 DTC patients who underwent thyroid surgery in two Chinese hospitals were included in analysis to assess the predictive accuracy and N1b changes of TNM-8. Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program were applied to validate the findings on N1b changes of TNM-8. Unadjusted DSS was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the association of stage and lymph node metastasis (LNM) status with survival. The proportion of variation explained (PVE), Akaike information criterion (AIC), and Bayesian information criterion (BIC) were evaluated to compare model performance. RESULTS: When TNM-8 was applied, 39.7% of patients were downstaged relative to TMN-7. In comparison of TNM-7 and TMN-8, the PVE was 18.68% and 22.33%, the AIC was 704.22 and 680.50, and the BIC was 702.98 and 679.24, respectively. In 569 Chinese patients with DTC, levels I-V LNM was significantly related to poorer DSS compared with N0 and level VI LNM. Among patients aged ≥ 55 years, those with levels I-V and VII LNM had significantly worse DSS than those with N0 and Level VI LNM. In the SEER dataset, patients with levels I-V and VII LNM had significantly worse DSS compared with those with N0 and Level VI LNM, especially in older patients (age ≥ 55 years). CONCLUSIONS: TNM-8 staged a significant number of Chinese patients into lower stages and improved the accuracy of predicting DSS compared with TNM-7. However, changes in lateral LNM definition and classification of TNM-8 have a significant prognostic implication for patients with DTC, especially older patients (≥ 55 years). Our data suggest that a modified TNM staging system would be more useful for predicting mortality and determining a proper treatment strategy in patients with DTC.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; 297: 122450, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796377

RESUMO

To investigate the methanogenic pathway and microbial community in a mesophilic anaerobic digestion (AD) system with food waste (FW) ethanol pre-fermentation (EP), two semi-continuous AD systems were operated by feeding FW with (PSR) and without EP (control). In this study, δ13C-ethanol was supplemented as solo substrate for AD sludge when the reactors operation stabilized to analyze the methanogenic pathways. The results suggested that approximately 59.3% of methane was produced from acetotrophic methanogens, while 40.7% was formed by hydrogenotrophic methanogens in the PSR group. On the other hand, compared with control, methane produced via CO2 reduction pathway was increased by 4.70%. Meanwhile, the composition variations of the microbial community in AD supported the above conclusion, since the relative abundances of Clostridium and Methanobacterium were enhanced by 7.6% and 10.2%, respectively in PSR reactor. These results provided a theoretical basis for AD applications and biogas yield improvements with EP process.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Eliminação de Resíduos , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Etanol , Fermentação , Alimentos , Metano , Esgotos
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