Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 298
Filtrar
1.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 19(5): 367-376, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Three-vessel disease (TVD) with a SYNergy between PCI with TAXus and cardiac surgery (SYNTAX) score of ≥ 23 is one of the most severe types of coronary artery disease. We aimed to take advantage of machine learning to help in decision-making and prognostic evaluation in such patients. METHODS: We analyzed 3786 patients who had TVD with a SYNTAX score of ≥ 23, had no history of previous revascularization, and underwent either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after enrollment. The patients were randomly assigned to a training group and testing group. The C4.5 decision tree algorithm was applied in the training group, and all-cause death after a median follow-up of 6.6 years was regarded as the class label. RESULTS: The decision tree algorithm selected age and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) as splitting features and divided the patients into three subgroups: subgroup 1 (age of ≤ 67 years and LVEDD of ≤ 53 mm), subgroup 2 (age of ≤ 67 years and LVEDD of > 53 mm), and subgroup 3 (age of > 67 years). PCI conferred a patient survival benefit over CABG in subgroup 2. There was no significant difference in the risk of all-cause death between PCI and CABG in subgroup 1 and subgroup 3 in both the training data and testing data. Among the total study population, the multivariable analysis revealed significant differences in the risk of all-cause death among patients in three subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of age and LVEDD identified by machine learning can contribute to decision-making and risk assessment of death in patients with severe TVD. The present results suggest that PCI is a better choice for young patients with severe TVD characterized by left ventricular dilation.

2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 852247, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35663308

RESUMO

Background: Hyperuricemia has recently been identified as a risk factor of cardiovascular diseases; however, prognostic value of hyperuricemia in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remained unclear. Simultaneously, the mechanism of this possible relationship has not been clarified. At present, some views believe that hyperuricemia may be related to the inflammatory response. Our study aimed to investigate the association between hyperuricemia and long-term poor prognosis and inflammation in STEMI patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 1,448 consecutive patients with STEMI were studied throughout 2013 at a single center. The primary endpoint was all-cause death at 2- and 5-year follow-up. Inflammatory biomarkers were collected on admission of those patients: high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and white blood cell (WBC) count. Results: Hyperuricemia was associated with higher 2- and 5-year all-cause death in STEME patients compared to normouricemia (5.5% vs. 1.4%, P <0.001; 8.0% vs 3.9%, P = 0.004; respectively). After multivariable adjustment, hyperuricemia was still an independent predictor of 2-year all-cause death (hazard ratio (HR) =4.332, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.990-9.430, P <0.001) and 5-year all-cause death (HR =2.063, 95% CI: 1.186-3.590, P =0.010). However, there was no difference in hs-CRP, ESR, and WBC count on admission in STEMI patients with hyperuricemia compared to normouricemia (P >0.05). Conclusions: Hyperuricemia was associated with higher risks of 2- and 5-year all-cause deaths in patients with STEMI undergoing PCI. However, this study did not find a correlation between hyperuricemia and inflammatory responses in newly admitted STEMI patients.


Assuntos
Hiperuricemia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Bioact Mater ; 17: 496-505, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35415293

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the long-term biocompatibility, safety, and degradation of the ultrathin nitrided iron bioresorbable scaffold (BRS) in vivo, encompassing the whole process of bioresorption in porcine coronary arteries. Fifty-two nitrided iron scaffolds (strut thickness of 70 µm) and 28 Vision Co-Cr stents were randomly implanted into coronary arteries of healthy mini-swine. The efficacy and safety of the nitrided iron scaffold were comparable with those of the Vision stentwithin 52 weeks after implantation. In addition, the long-term biocompatibility, safety, and bioresorption of the nitrided iron scaffold were evaluated by coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography, micro-computed tomography, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectrometry and histopathological evaluations at 4, 12, 26, 52 weeks and even at 7 years after implantation. In particular, a large number of struts were almost completely absorbed in situ at 7 years follow-up, which were first illustrated in this study. The lymphatic drainage pathway might serve as the potential clearance way of iron and its corrosion products.

4.
EuroIntervention ; 17(13): 1070-1076, 2022 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the last decade, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has developed rapidly in China. As TAVI progresses towards low surgical risk patients, the total number of TAVI procedures will grow exponentially. There is a need to develop a domestic TAVI device designed for Chinese patients. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a self-expanding valve (TaurusOne transcatheter aortic valve system) in the treatment of patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis in China. METHODS: A prospective, multicentre, single-arm study was designed to enrol 120 patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis undergoing TAVI using the TaurusOne valve. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality at one year. RESULTS: From September 2017 to April 2019, 120 patients were enrolled (35% bicuspid aortic valve, mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons [STS] score 9.95%). One-year mortality in 120 patients (follow-up rate, 100%), was 6.7% (upper 95% confidence interval: 12.9%), which was significantly lower than the performance goal of 30% (p<0.0001). All stroke, myocardial infarction, paravalvular leak ≥moderate, and new pacemaker implantation occurred in 4.4%, 1.8%, 0.8%, and 22.1% of patients, respectively, at one year. The haemodynamic results and quality of life scores also improved significantly. Patients with a bicuspid valve had similar outcomes to those with a tricuspid aortic valve. CONCLUSIONS: The one-year clinical results confirm the safety and efficacy of the TaurusOne transcatheter aortic valve system in the treatment of patients with symptomatic severe tricuspid and bicuspid aortic stenosis.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Front Neurol ; 12: 740136, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795628

RESUMO

Background: We found a positive correlation between the prior stroke history and recurrent stroke in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in our previous study, which indicated the close interaction of stroke and cardiovascular diseases. However, it is unclear whether prior stroke is still associated with worse prognosis at a longer follow-up period. Methods: A total of 10,724 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients who received PCI from January to December 2013 were prospectively enrolled and were subsequently divided into the prior stroke (n = 1,150) and non-prior stroke (n = 9,574) groups according to their history. Baseline characteristics and 5-year outcomes were recorded. Results: Patients with prior stroke had more clinical risk factors, as well as more extensive coronary artery lesions. Although in-hospital outcomes were similar between patients from the two groups, the 5-year follow-up result revealed that patients with prior stroke experienced higher incidence of stroke, major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), all-cause death, and cardiac death (7.0 vs. 3.0%, p < 0.001; 25.9 vs. 20.3%, p < 0.001; 5.3 vs. 3.5%, p = 0.002; 3.1 vs. 2.1%, p = 0.032, respectively). After the propensity score matching, the 5-year stroke rate was still higher in the prior stroke group (6.8 vs. 3.4%, p = 0.001). The multivariable regression analysis also identified the prior stroke as a risk predictor of the 5-year stroke (HR = 2.011, 95% CI: 1.322-3.059, p = 0.001). Conclusions: Coronary heart disease patients with prior stroke who received PCI had a higher incidence of 5-year long-term adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, especially recurrent stroke. Prior stroke was a strong risk predictor of future stroke events.

6.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 715539, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34458340

RESUMO

Background: There is controversy over the relationship between bilirubin and coronary artery disease. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive value of direct bilirubin (DB) in patients with complex acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: From April 2004 to February 2011, 5,322 ACS patients presenting with three-vessel disease were consecutively enrolled. Disease severity and complexity were determined by SYNTAX score (SS) and SS II. The primary endpoint was all-cause death, and the secondary endpoints were major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). Stratification of normal glucose regulation, prediabetes, and diabetes was based on a previous diagnosis, hypoglycemic medications, fasting blood glucose, and hemoglobin A1c. Results: Subjects were divided into quartiles according to baseline DB (µmol/L): Q1 (0-1.6), Q2 (1.61-2.20), Q3 (2.21-2.80), and Q4 (>2.80). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that DB was an independent predictor of intermediate-high SS. During a median follow-up time of 6.5 years, elevated DB was associated with more all-cause death (p < 0.001) but not MACCE. DB remained to be predictive of all-cause death in the multivariable Cox regression model (Q2 vs. Q1: HR 1.043, 95% CI 0.829-1.312, p = 0.719; Q3 vs. Q1: HR 1.248, 95% CI 1.001-1.155, p = 0.048; Q4 vs. Q1: HR 1.312, 95% CI 1.063-1.620, p = 0.011). When subjects are stratified according to glucose metabolism regulation and treatment strategies, the predictivity of DB was only profound in patients with diabetes or with conservative treatment. Additionally, incorporating DB further improved the discrimination and reclassification abilities of SS II for risk prediction. Conclusion: DB is a potential biomarker for predicting lesion severity and long-term outcomes in ACS patients.

8.
World J Emerg Med ; 12(1): 36-41, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33505548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aim to investigate effects of metabolic syndrome on onset age and long-term outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Patients with ACS (n=6,431) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention from January to December 2013 were enrolled. After excluding patients with previous coronary artery disease, 1,558 patients were diagnosed with early-onset ACS (men aged ≤50 years; women aged ≤60 years) and 3,044 patients with late-onset ACS. Baseline characteristics and five-year clinical outcomes were measured. RESULTS: Body mass index, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and uric acid concentrations were significantly higher, while the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration was lower in the early-onset ACS group (P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression revealed obesity (odds ratio [OR] 1.590, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.345-1.881), hypertriglyceridemia (OR 1.403, 95% CI 1.185-1.660), and low HDL-C (OR 1.464, 95% CI 1.231-1.742) as independent risk factors for early-onset ACS (all P<0.001). The five-year follow-up showed that the incidences of all cause death (1.5% vs. 3.8%, P<0.001), cardiac death (1.1% vs. 2.0%, P=0.023), and recurrent stroke (2.2% vs. 4.2%, P<0.001) were lower, while bleeding events were more frequent in the early-onset ACS group. A subgroup analysis showed higher incidences of recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) and revascularization in patients with early-onset ACS and metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, and lower HDL-C level are independent risk factors for early-onset ACS, recurrent MI, and revascularization. The control of metabolic syndrome may reduce the incidence of early-onset ACS and improve the long-term prognosis.

9.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(3): e018869, 2021 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506689

RESUMO

Background Previous studies have suggested a strong association of liver fibrosis scores (LFSs) with cardiovascular outcomes in patients with different cardiovascular diseases. Nonetheless, it is basically blank regarding the prognostic significance of LFSs in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study sought to examine the potential role of LFSs in predicting long-term outcomes in a large cohort of patients with stable coronary artery disease after elective PCI. Methods and Results In this multicenter, prospective study, we consecutively enrolled 4003 patients with stable coronary artery disease undergoing PCI. Eight currently available noninvasive LFSs were assessed for each subject. All patients were followed up for the occurrence of cardiovascular events including cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stroke. During an average follow-up of 5.0±1.6 years, 315 (7.87%) major cardiovascular events were recorded. Subjects who developed cardiovascular events were more likely to have intermediate or high LFSs, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score; fibrosis-4 score; body mass index, aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio, diabetes mellitus score (BARD); and aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio. Furthermore, compared with subjects with low scores, those with intermediate plus high score levels had significantly increased risk of cardiovascular events (adjusted hazard ratios ranging 1.57-1.92). Moreover, the addition of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score; fibrosis-4 score; or body mass index, aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase ratio, diabetes mellitus score into a model with established cardiovascular risk factors significantly improved the prediction ability. Conclusions High LFSs levels might be useful for predicting adverse prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease following PCI, suggesting the possibility of the application of LFSs in the risk stratification before elective PCI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco/métodos , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
10.
Platelets ; 32(4): 533-541, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498587

RESUMO

The benefits and harms of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) continuation with aspirin and clopidogrel beyond 1 year after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation for high ischemic or bleeding risk patients remain unclear. All consecutive patients undergoing PCI were prospectively included in the Fuwai PCI Registry from January 2013 to December 2013. We evaluated 7521 patients who were at high risk for thrombotic or hemorrhagic complications and were events free at 1 year after the index procedure. "TWILIGHT-like" patients with high risk of bleeding or ischemic events were defined by clinical and angiographic criteria. The primary ischemic outcome was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events [MACCE] (a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke). Median follow-up duration was 2.4 years. The risk of MACCE was significantly lower in DAPT>1-year group (n = 5252) than DAPT≤1-year group (n = 2269) (1.5% vs. 3.8%; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.37; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.27-0.50; P < .001). This difference was largely driven by a lower risk of all-cause death. In contrast, the risk of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2, 3 or 5 bleeding was statistically similar between the two groups (1.0% vs. 1.1%; HR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.50-1.28; P = .346). Results were consistent after multivariable regression and propensity-score matching. Prolonged DAPT beyond 1 year after DES implantation resulted in a significantly lower rate of atherothrombotic events, including a mortality benefit, with no higher risk of clinically relevant bleeding in "TWILIGHT-like" patients who were at high-risk for ischemic or bleeding events.


Assuntos
Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/farmacologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Platelets ; 32(5): 684-689, 2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787598

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the association of lipoprotein(a) levels with platelet aggregation and thrombogenicity in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and to investigate the ischemic outcome on this population. Lipoprotein(a) and modified thrombelastography were measured in 6601 consecutive patients underwent PCI on dual antiplatelet therapy. Cox proportional regression analysis was applied to illustrate the ischemic events in a 2-year follow up. The mean levels of lipoprotein(a) were 29.0 mg/dl. Patients with higher lipoprotein(a) levels had significantly accelerated fibrin generation (lower K time and bigger α angle) and greater clot strength (higher maximum amplitude (MA)) than patients with lower lipoprotein(a) levels (P < .001). Moreover, the higher lipoprotein(a) group also exhibited significantly higher adenosine diphosphate (ADP) induced platelet aggregation (MAADP) by thrombelastography platelet mapping assay than lower lipoprotein(a) group. Cox regression analyzes revealed that patients with higher lipoprotein(a) levels had a 16% higher risk of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (HR 1.159, 95%CI: 1.005-1.337, P = .042) compared with patients with lower lipoprotein(a) levels. This association persisted after adjustment for a broad spectrum of risk factors (HR 1.174, 95%CI: 1.017-1.355, P = .028). High plasma lipoprotein(a) levels were associated with increased platelet aggregation and ischemic events in patients underwent PCI. Lipoprotein(a) might indicate the need for prolonged antiplatelet therapy.


Assuntos
Lipoproteína(a)/metabolismo , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Agregação Plaquetária/fisiologia , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Thromb Haemost ; 121(9): 1161-1168, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339063

RESUMO

Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] has been documented to be associated with atherothrombotic diseases. However, the prognostic impact of Lp(a) on long-term clinical outcomes among patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) remains unclear. In this prospective cohort study, we consecutively enrolled 3,864 post-MI patients to assess the cardiovascular events (CVEs), including MI, ischemic stroke, and cardiac mortality. Lp(a) levels were determined using an immunoturbidimetry assay and the participants were categorized according to Lp(a) quartiles. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). During a median follow-up of 4.1 years, 331 (8.6%) CVEs were identified. Lp(a) was significantly higher in patients with CVEs (25.17 [11.13-47.83] vs. 18.18 [7.90-40.30] mg/dL, p = 0.001). The cumulative rates of CVEs and cardiac mortality were significantly higher in patients with high Lp(a) levels (both log-rank p < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed a significant correlation between Lp (a) levels treated as a natural logarithm-transformed continuous variable and increased CVEs (adjusted HR:1.22, 95% CI:1.09-1.35, p = 0.001) or cardiac mortality (HR:1.30, 95% CI:1.14-1.48, p < 0.001). The addition of Lp(a) to a prognostic model revealed a significant improvement in C-statistic, net reclassification, and integrated discrimination. In conclusion, elevated levels of Lp(a) were indeed associated with long-term worse outcomes in patients with prior MI, suggesting a novel hint that the measurement of Lp(a) might help in risk stratification and future management in those high-risk individuals.


Assuntos
Lipoproteína(a)/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/sangue , AVC Isquêmico/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 7: 586491, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33330647

RESUMO

Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are known to be at high-risk for both ischemic and bleeding complications post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The ischemic benefit vs. bleeding risk associated with extended dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in high-risk "TWILIGHT-like" patients with diabetes mellitus after PCI has not been established. Methods: All consecutive high-risk patients fulfilling the "TWILIGHT-like" criteria undergoing PCI from January 2013 through December 2013 were identified from the prospective Fuwai PCI Registry. High-risk "TWILIGHT-like" patients were defined by at least one clinical and one angiographic feature based on the TWILIGHT trial selection criteria. The present analysis evaluated 3,425 diabetic patients with concomitant high-risk angiographic features who were event-free at 1 year after PCI. Median follow-up was 2.4 years. The primary effectiveness endpoint was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke (termed major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events), and primary safety endpoint was clinically relevant bleeding according to the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium types 2, 3, or 5. Results: On inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) analysis, prolonged-term (>1-year) DAPT with aspirin and clopidogrel decreased the risk of primary effectiveness endpoint compared with shorter ( ≤ 1-year) DAPT [1.8 vs. 4.3%; hazard ratio (HR)IPTW: 0.381; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.252-0.576; P < 0.001] and reduced cardiovascular death [0.1% vs. 1.8%; HRIPTW: 0.056 (0.016-0.193)]. Prolonged DAPT was also associated with a reduced risk of definite/probable stent thrombosis [0.2 vs. 0.7%; HRIPTW: 0.258 (0.083-0.802)] and non-significantly lower rate of myocardial infarction [0.5 vs. 0.8%; HRIPTW: 0.676 (0.275-1.661)]. There was no significant difference between groups in clinically relevant bleeding [1.1 vs. 1.1%; HRIPTW: 1.078 (0.519-2.241); P = 0.840). Similar results were observed in multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model. Conclusion: Among high-risk PCI patients with diabetes mellitus without an adverse event through 1 year, extending DAPT >1-year significantly reduced the risk of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events without an increase in clinically relevant bleeding, suggesting that such high-risk diabetic patients may be good candidates for long-term DAPT.

14.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 17(10): 597-603, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality for older chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. However, the epidemiological data is scarce. We aimed to determine the prevalence of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and HF, and to explore the risk factors for HF among those patients. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of the China Hypertension Survey conducted between October 2012 and December 2015. A total of 5, 808 participants aged ≥ 65 years were included in the analysis. Self-reported history of HF and any other cardiovascular diseases was acquired. 2-D and Doppler echocardiography were used to assess LV dysfunction. CKD was defined as either estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2 or urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) ≥ 30 mg/g. RESULTS: Among CKD patients aged ≥ 65 years, the weighted prevalence of HF, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF), and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) was 4.8%, 2.5%, 0.8%, and 1.7%, respectively. The weighted prevalence of HF was 5.0% in patients with eGFR < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2, and was 5.9% in patients with ACR ≥ 30 mg/g. The prevalence of LV systolic dysfunction was 3.1%, and while it was 8.9% for moderate/severe diastolic dysfunction. Multivariate analysis showed that smoking was significantly associated with the risk of HF. Furthermore, age, smoking, and residents in rural areas were significantly associated with a risk of LV diastolic dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of HF and LV dysfunction was high in older patients with CKD, suggesting that particular strategies will be required.

15.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(22): 2674-2681, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mechanism and characteristics of early and late drug-eluting stent in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR) have not been fully clarified. Whether there are different outcomes among those patients being irrespective of their repeated treatments remain a knowledge gap. METHODS: A total of 250 patients who underwent initial stent implantation in our hospital, and then were readmitted to receive treatment for the reason of recurrent significant DES-ISR in 2016 were involved. The patients were categorized as early ISR (<12 months; E-ISR; n = 32) and late ISR (≥12 months; L-ISR; n = 218). Associations between patient characteristics and clinical performance, as well as clinical outcomes after a repeated percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were evaluated. Primary composite endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) included cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR). RESULTS: Most baseline characteristics are similar in both groups, except for the period of ISR, initial pre-procedure thrombolysis in myocardial infarction, and some serum biochemical indicators. The incidence of MACE (37.5% vs. 5.5%; P < 0.001) and TLR (37.5% vs. 5.0%; P < 0.001) is higher in the E-ISR group. After multivariate analysis, E-ISR (odds ratio [OR], 13.267; [95% CI 4.984-35.311]; P < 0.001) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (odds ratio [OR], 6.317; [95% CI 1.145-34.843]; P = 0.034) are the independent predictors for MACE among DES-ISR patients in the mid-term follow-up of 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: Early ISR and left ventricular systolic dysfunction are associated with MACE during the mid-term follow-up period for DES-ISR patients. The results may benefit the risk stratification and secondary prevention for DES-ISR patients in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Reestenose Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Am J Cardiol ; 133: 61-70, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811654

RESUMO

Patients who underwent complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are known to be at high risk for both ischemic and bleeding complications. The risk/benefit tradeoff of extending dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) >12 months with clopidogrel and aspirin for TWILIGHT-like patients who are at high risk of bleeding or ischemic events and undergo complex PCI is unclear. Eight thousand three hundred and fifty-eight consecutive patients fulfilling the "TWILIGHT-like" criteria who underwent PCI from January 2013 to December 2013 were prospectively enrolled in Fuwai PCI Registry. We identified 2,677 of "TWILIGHT-like" complex PCI patients who were events free at 1 year after the index procedure. "TWILIGHT-like" patients were identified based on at least 1 clinical and 1 angiographic feature. Median follow-up was 29 months. Risk of primary efficacy outcome, major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke), was reduced with DAPT >12 months versus DAPT≤ 12 months (hazard ratio [HR]adj 0.374, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.235 to 0.595; HRmatched 0.292 [0.151 to 0.561]; HRIPTW 0.356 [0.225 to 0.562]), with directional consistency for cardiovascular death and definite/probable stent thrombosis. In contrast, >12-month DAPT was comparable to ≤12-month DAPT for the risk of clinically relevant bleeding ([HR]adj 1.189, 95% CI 0.474 to 2.984; HRmatched 1.577 [0.577 to 4.312]; HRIPTW 1.239 [0.502 to 3.059]). Importantly, there was also a significant net benefit in favor of prolonged DAPT treatment. In conclusion, among "TWILIGHT-like" patients after complex PCI, continuing duration of DAPT> 12 months was associated with a net clinical benefit and lower rates of ischemic events without increasing the risk of clinically relevant bleeding than DAPT≤ 12 months, suggesting that long-term DAPT may have a favorable risk-benefit ratio in this high-risk population.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , China , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Esquema de Medicação , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 33(6): 431-443, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with unplanned revascularization (UR) risk in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 10,640 cases with CAD who underwent PCI were analyzed. Multivariate COX regressions and competing risk regressions were applied. RESULTS: The patients who underwent UR following PCI in 30 days, 1, and 2 years accounted for 0.3%, 6.5%, and 8.7%, respectively. After multivariate adjustment, the number of target lesions [hazard ratio ( HR) = 2.320; 95% confidence interval ( CI): 1.643-3.277; P < 0.001], time of procedure ( HR= 1.006; 95% CI: 1.001-1.010; P = 0.014), body mass index ( HR= 1.104; 95% CI: 1.006-1.210; P = 0.036), incomplete revascularization (ICR) ( HR= 2.476; 95% CI: 1.030-5.952; P = 0.043), and age ( HR = 1.037; 95% CI: 1.000-1.075; P = 0.048) were determined as independent risk factors of 30-day UR. Factors, including low-molecular-weight heparin or fondaparinux ( HR= 0.618; 95% CI: 0.531-0.719; P < 0.001), second-generation durable polymer drug-eluting stent ( HR = 0.713; 95% CI: 0.624-0.814; P < 0.001), left anterior descending artery involvement ( HR= 0.654; 95% CI: 0.530-0.807; P < 0.001), and age ( HR= 0.992; 95% CI: 0.985-0.998; P = 0.014), were independently associated with decreased two-year UR risk. While, Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score ( HR= 1.024; 95% CI: 1.014-1.033; P < 0.001) and ICR ( HR= 1.549; 95% CI: 1.290-1.860; P < 0.001) were negatively associated with two-year UR risk. CONCLUSION: Specific factors were positively or negatively associated with short- and medium-long-term UR following PCI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 313, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the underlying risk of high bleeding risk (HBR) influences the relationship of high thrombotic risk (HTR) features with adverse events after drug-eluting stent implantation remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate (1) the prognostic effect of ESC guideline-endorsed HTR features on long-term clinical outcomes and (2) whether the outcomes of HTR versus non-HTR features vary by HBR status. METHODS: Ten thousand one hundred sixty-seven consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention between January 2013 and December 2013 were prospectively enrolled in Fuwai PCI Registry. Patients who are at HTR were defined as: diffuse multivessel disease in diabetic patients, chronic kidney disease, at least three stents implanted, at least three stents lesions treated, bifurcation with two stents implanted, total stent length > 60 mm, or treatment of chronic total occlusion. The definition of HBR was based on the Academic Research Consortium for HBR criteria. The primary ischemic outcome was major adverse cardiac event (MACE), a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization and stent thrombosis. The primary bleeding outcome was clinically relevant bleeding, defined according to Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2, 3 or 5 bleeding. RESULTS: With a 2.4-year median follow-up, 4430 patients (43.6%) having HTR experienced a significantly higher risk of MACE (hazard ratio [HR] adjust: 1.56, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.34-1.82; P < 0.001) and device-oriented composite endpoint (composite of cardiac death, target-vessel MI, and target lesion revascularization) (HRadjust: 1.52 [1.27-1.83]; P < 0.001), compared to those having non-HTR. The risk of clinically relevant bleeding did not differ between groups (HRadjust: 0.85 [0.66-1.08]; P = 0.174). Associations between HTR and adverse events were similar in HBR and non-HBR groups, without evidence of interaction (all Pinteraction > 0.05); however, adverse event rates were highest among subjects with both HTR and HBR. CONCLUSIONS: ESC guideline-endorsed HTR was associated with significantly increased risk of MACE without any significant differences in clinically relevant bleeding. The presence of HBR does not emerge as a modifier of cardiovascular risk for patients at HTR, suggesting more potent and longer antiplatelet therapy may be beneficial for this patient population.


Assuntos
Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/normas , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Pequim , Stents Farmacológicos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Cardiovasc Drugs Ther ; 34(5): 663-675, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32601780

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The ischemic/bleeding trade-off of continuing dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) beyond 1 year after PCI for patients with high thrombotic risk (HTR) as endorsed by 2018 ESC/EACTS myocardial revascularization guidelines remain unknown. METHODS: Patients undergoing coronary stenting between January 2013 and December 2013 from the prospective Fuwai registry were defined as HTR if they met at least 1 ESC/EACTS guideline-endorsed HTR criteria. A total of 4578 patients who were at HTR and were events free at 1 year after the index procedure were evaluated. The primary efficacy outcome was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) (composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke). RESULTS: Median follow-up period was 2.4 years. > 1-year DAPT with clopidogrel and aspirin significantly reduced the risk of MACCE compared with ≤ 1-year DAPT (1.9% vs. 4.6%; hazard ratio (HR): 0.38; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.27-0.54; P < 0.001), driven by a reduction in all-cause death (0.2% vs. 3.0%; HR, 0.07; 95% CI, 0.03-0.15). Cardiac death and definite/probable stent thrombosis also occurred less frequently in prolonged DAPT group. Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding occurred similarly between both groups (1.1% vs. 0.9%; HR, 1.11; 95% CI, 0.58-2.13; P = 0.763). Similar results were found using multivariable Cox model, propensity score-matched, and inverse probability of treatment weighting analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with ESC-endorsed HTR who were free from major ischemic or bleeding events 1 year after coronary stenting, continued DAPT beyond 1 year might offer better effectiveness in terms of atherothrombotic events and comparable safety in terms of clinically relevant bleeding compared with ≤ 1-year DAPT. ESC-HTR criteria is an important parameter to take into account in tailoring DAPT prolongation.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Pequim , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Esquema de Medicação , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Open Heart ; 7(1)2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393654

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test whether intensive atorvastatin (ATV) increases the efficacy of transplantation with autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (MNCs) in patients suffering from anterior ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: This clinical trial was under a 2×2 factorial design, enrolling 100 STEMI patients, randomly into four groups of regular (RA) or intensive ATV (IA) with MNCs or placebo. The primary endpoint was the change of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at 1-year follow-up from baseline, primarily assessed by MRI. The secondary endpoints included other parameters of cardiac function, remodelling and regeneration determined by MRI, echocardiography, positron emission tomography (PET) and biomarkers. RESULTS: All the STEMI patients with transplantation of MNCs showed significantly increased LVEF change values than those with placebo (p=0.01) with only in the IA+MNCs patients group demonstrating significantly elevation of LVEF than in the IA+placebo group (+12.6% (95%CI 10.4 to 19.3) vs +5.0% (95%CI 4.0 to 10.0), p=0.001), pointing to a better synergy between ATV and MNCs (p=0.019). PET analysis revealed significantly increased viable areas of myocardium (p=0.015), while the scar sizes (p=0.026) and blood aminoterminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (p<0.034) reduced. All these above benefits of MNCs were also attributed to IA+MNCs instead of RA+MNCs group of patients with STEMI. CONCLUSIONS: Intensive ATV treatment augments the therapeutic efficacy of MNCs in patients with anterior STEMI at the convalescent stage. The treatment with the protocol of intensive ATV and MNC combination offers a clinically essential approach for myocardial infarction. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT00979758.


Assuntos
Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Atorvastatina/efeitos adversos , Pequim , Transplante de Medula Óssea/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...