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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the latest prevalence of abdominal obesity in China based on nationally representative data. METHODS: A stratified, multistage, random sampling method was used to obtain a nationally representative sample of residents aged ≥ 18 years from 31 provinces in mainland China from October 2012 to December 2015. Abdominal obesity was defined as a waist circumference ≥ 90 cm for men and a waist circumference ≥ 85 cm for women. RESULTS: The data of 441,306 participants were analyzed. The prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.1% (28.6% in men and 29.6% in women); the number of adults with abdominal obesity was estimated to be 277.8 million (approximately 140.1 million in men and 137.7 million in women). The prevalence of abdominal obesity varied considerably among provinces. In general, the prevalence of abdominal obesity was higher in the northern, lower in the southern, higher in the western, and lower in the eastern areas of China. Besides the regional disparities, the prevalence of abdominal obesity varied greatly among different population subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Abdominal obesity is highly prevalent among Chinese adults. National and provincial obesity control and prevention strategies should be public health priorities in China. To better control obesity, the underlying reasons for the regional disparities need to be addressed.

2.
Eur Heart J ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511862

RESUMO

AIMS: Consensus is lacking regarding the best treatment for coronary in-stent restenosis (ISR). The two most effective treatments are angioplasty with paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) and repeat stenting with drug-eluting stent (DES) but individual trials were not statistically powered for clinical endpoints, results were heterogeneous, and evidence about comparative efficacy and safety in relevant subsets was limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Difference in Anti-restenotic Effectiveness of Drug-eluting stent and drug-coated balloon AngiopLasty for the occUrrence of coronary in-Stent restenosis (DAEDALUS) study was a comprehensive, investigator-initiated, collaborative, individual patient data meta-analysis comparing angioplasty with PCB alone vs. repeat stenting with DES alone for the treatment of coronary ISR. The protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42017075007). All 10 available randomized clinical trials were included with 1976 patients enrolled, 1033 assigned to PCB and 943 to DES. At 3-year follow-up, PCB was associated with a significant increase in the risk of target lesion revascularization (TLR) compared with DES [hazard ratio (HR) 1.32, 95% CI 1.02-1.70, P = 0.035; number-needed-to-harm 28.5]. There was a significant interaction between treatment effect and type of restenosed stent (P = 0.029) with a more marked difference in patients with DES-ISR and comparable effects in patients with bare-metal stent-ISR. At 3-year follow-up, the primary safety endpoint of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or target lesion thrombosis was comparable between treatments (HR 0.80, 95% CI 0.58-1.09, P = 0.152). A pre-specified subgroup analysis indicated a significant interaction between treatment effect and type of DES used to treat ISR (P = 0.033), with a lower incidence of events associated with PCB compared with first-generation DES and similar effect between PCB and second-generation DES (HR 1.06, 95% CI 0.71-1.60, P = 0.764). Long-term all-cause mortality was similar between PCB and DES (HR 0.81, 95% CI 0.53-1.22, P = 0.310); results were consistent comparing PCB and non-paclitaxel-based DES (HR 1.42, 95% CI 0.80-2.54, P = 0.235). Myocardial infarction and target lesion thrombosis were comparable between treatments. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with coronary ISR, repeat stenting with DES is moderately more effective than angioplasty with PCB at reducing the need for TLR at 3 years. The incidence of a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or target lesion thrombosis was similar between groups. The rates of individual endpoints, including all-cause mortality, were not significantly different between groups.

3.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561250

RESUMO

Importance: Bioresorbable scaffolds were designed to provide clinical benefits after their complete bioresorption. Prior studies demonstrated early risks with the Absorb polymeric bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS). Whether this risk profile changes over time during the course of its bioresorption is unknown. Objective: To examine outcomes of the first-generation BVS before and after 3 years, the point of its complete bioresorption in animals. Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane database, conference proceedings, and public websites for relevant studies. Study Selection: Eligible studies were randomized clinical trials of BVS vs metallic drug-eluting stents in patients with coronary artery disease with at least 5-year follow-up. Four trials of BVS vs everolimus-eluting stents (EES) with 3384 patients met criteria. Data Extraction and Synthesis: Individual patient data from the 4 trials were pooled, and summary-level meta-analysis was performed. Main Outcomes and Measures: The major effectiveness and safety measures were target lesion failure (TLF; cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization) and device thrombosis. Outcomes were examined through 5-year follow-up and between 0 to 3 and 3 to 5 years. Results: Mean age for the 3384 patients was 62.8 years; 2452 patients were men (72.5%), and diabetes was present in 1020 patients (30.2%). Through 5-year follow-up, treatment with BVS compared with EES was associated with higher rates of TLF (14.9% vs 11.6%; HR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.03-1.54; P = .03) and device thrombosis (2.5% vs 0.8%; HR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.46-5.65; P = .002). Target lesion failure occurred in 11.6% of BVS-treated patients vs 7.9% of EES-treated patients between 0 to 3 years (HR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.12-1.80), and 4.3% of BVS-treated patients vs 4.5% of EES-treated patients between 3 to 5 years (HR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.64-1.31) (P for interaction = .046). Device thrombosis occurred in 2.4% of BVS-treated patients vs 0.6% of EES-treated patients between 0 to 3 years (HR, 3.86; 95% CI, 1.75-8.50) and 0.1% of BVS-treated patients vs 0.3% of EES-treated patients between 3 to 5 years (HR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.07-2.70) (P for interaction = .03). These results were consistent by spline analysis and after multiple imputation and multivariable analysis. Conclusions and Relevance: The period of excess risk for the first-generation Absorb BVS ends at 3 years. These data provide mechanistic insights into the timing of adverse events after BVS and identify the hurdles to be overcome for bioresorbable technology to be accepted as a valid alternative for patients with coronary artery disease. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT01751906, NCT01844284, NCT01923740, and NCT01425281.

4.
J Cardiol ; 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a pivotal role in coronary artery disease (CAD). Few data from large-size studies are available on the association of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and severity of CAD. Our aim was to investigate their relationship as well as their impact on long-term outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: In 2013, 10,020 patients were consecutively included. Patients were divided into three groups based on hs-CRP on admission: 0-3mg/L (n=6978, 69.6%), 3.01-10mg/L (n=1997, 19.9%), >10mg/L (n=1045, 10.4%). Disease severity was determined by SYNTAX score (SS). Their differences were assessed in SS and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs, including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, and in-stent thrombosis) among groups. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 874 days. Patients with elevated hs-CRP were older, had more risk factors such as hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cigarette smoking. Multivariate regression analysis showed that hs-CRP >10mg/L (OR 1.49, 95% confidence interval 1.21-1.84, p<0.001), age, previous myocardial infarction, serum creatinine, and left ventricular ejection fraction were independent predictors of intermediate-high SS (>22). Subgroup analysis indicated that the relation between hs-CRP and SS was also consistent in acute coronary syndrome and its subtypes. Although elevated hs-CRP was positively associated with increased rates of MACEs (11.0% versus 12.1% versus 14.3%, p=0.006), death (1.0% versus 1.3% versus 3.0%, p<0.001), and revascularization (8.6% versus 10.4% versus 10.0%, p=0.032), it did not show any prognostic effect for adverse outcomes in multivariate regression analyses (all adjusted p> 0.05). While SS>22 remained independently predictive of MACEs and revascularization after adjusting confounders, the risks of which were increased by 56% and 68%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Serum hs-CRP could be a useful biomarker for indicating CAD severity and could aid in risk stratification.

5.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 21(8): 1212-1220, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267666

RESUMO

The 2017 guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of high blood pressure in adults were published by the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. The impact on clinical outcomes and costs needs to be estimated prior to adopting these guidelines in China. Data from a nationally representative sample in China were analyzed. The prevalence and treatment were calculated based on the criteria of the 2017 guidelines and 2018 Chinese guidelines among participants aged ≥35 years old. Direct medical costs, as well as the averted disability adjusted of life years and cost saving from cardiovascular disease events prevented by controlling hypertension, were also estimated. The prevalence and treatment rate of hypertension were 32.0% and 43.4% according to the 2018 Chinese guidelines. Based on the 2017 guidelines, another 24.5% of the adult population (estimated 168.1 million) would be classified as having hypertension; of whom, about 32.1 million would need to be pharmaceutically treated to reach the current treatment rate of 43.4%. As a result, an estimated additional 42.7 billion US dollars  of the direct medical cost would be required for lifetime therapy. By preventing cardiovascular events, the new guidelines would reduce lifetime costs by 3.77 billion US dollars, while preventing 1.41 million disability adjusted of life years lost. Application of the 2017 guidelines in China will substantially increase the prevalence of hypertension and produce a large increase in therapy costs, although it would prevent cardiovascular disease events and save disability adjusted of life years.

6.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 25: 1076029619853638, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215225

RESUMO

The Patterns of non-Adherence to Anti-Platelet Regimen in Stented Patients (PARIS) thrombotic risk score is a novel score for predicting the risk of coronary thrombotic events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We assessed the prognostic value of this score for mortality in patients with PCI. In this prospective, observational study, we enrolled 10 724 consecutive patients underwent PCI. The primary end point was all-cause death and the secondary end point was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stent thrombosis, or stroke. Among 9782 patients without in-hospital events, a total of 97 deaths and 1002 MACCE occurred during the 2-year follow-up. The mortality risk of patients in the high-risk group was 2.31 times higher than that in the low-risk group (hazard ratio, 2.31; P = .001). This risk score showed prognostic value in evaluating mortality (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUROC], 0.607; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.551-0.663) and MACCE (AUROC, 0.544; 95% CI, 0.526-0.563; both P < .001). The prognostic value of mortality was higher than that of MACCE (Z = 2.09, P = .04). The PARIS thrombotic risk score shows modest prognostic value for mortality and MACCE, and the prognostic value of mortality is better than that of MACCE.

7.
Eur Heart J ; 40(41): 3397-3405, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236563

RESUMO

AIMS: Risk assessment and treatment stratification for three-vessel disease (3VD) remain challenging. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is an established biomarker for prognostication and treatment in heart failure. The present study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of NT-proBNP beyond the SYNTAX score II (SSII), and its association with long-term outcome after three strategies [percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and medical therapy (MT)] in a cohort of patients with 3VD. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 6597 patients with available baseline NT-proBNP data were included in the study. Baseline, procedural, and follow-up data were collected. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. Secondary endpoints included cardiac death and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), a composite of death, myocardial infarction, and stroke. During a median follow-up of 7.0 years, higher NT-proBNP levels were strongly associated with increased risks of all-cause death, cardiac death, and MACCE (all adjusted P < 0.01). Moreover, NT-proBNP significantly improved discrimination and reclassification of the SSII. Notably, there was a significant interaction between NT-proBNP quartiles and treatment strategies for MACCE (P = 0.004). Revascularization was associated with lower risks of MACCE than MT, except for patients in the lowest quartile wherein no such association was observed. Among patients in the highest quartile, PCI was associated with an increased risk of MACCE compared with CABG (hazard ratio 1.43, 95% confidence interval 1.09-1.87). CONCLUSION: N-terminal pro-BNP is a potential biomarker for risk stratification and therapeutic decision-making in patients with 3VD. Further randomized studies are needed to confirm these findings.

8.
Am J Med Sci ; 358(1): 19-25, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This large cohort study aimed to investigate the effect of acquired thrombocytopenia on the prognosis of patients with stable coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with stable coronary artery disease undergoing elective PCI were prospectively enrolled during 2013. All patients were followed for a median of 30 months (the 25th and 75th percentiles for follow-up time were 27 and 32 months). After excluding patients with baseline thrombocytopenia (<150 × 109/L), in-hospital acquired thrombocytopenia was defined as lowest platelet count <150 × 109/L or a relative reduction of 50% from the preoperative baseline platelet count after PCI. RESULTS: A total of 3,614 patients were enrolled; 329 (7.8%) patients developed thrombocytopenia after PCI. Analyses showed no difference in adverse events between groups during hospitalization, while long-term all-cause mortality, minor bleeding and major bleeding were significantly higher in patients with thrombocytopenia than in the control group. After multivariable adjustment, thrombocytopenia remained an independent risk factor for long-term all-cause mortality (HR 2.782, 95% CI 1.182-6.552, P = 0.019), minor bleeding (HR 2.198, 95% CI 1.217-3.972, P = 0.009) and major bleeding (HR 5.409, 95% CI 1.541-8.999, P = 0.008). Predictors of acquired thrombocytopenia were age, body mass index, baseline platelet count and left ventricular ejection fraction. CONCLUSIONS: Acquired thrombocytopenia may predict long-term all-cause mortality and bleeding events in patients with stable coronary artery disease who receive elective PCI.

9.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 82(8): 616-622, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31135575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A novel risk model to predict long-term mortality in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), derived from the EPICOR (long-term follow-up of antithrombotic management patterns in acute coronary syndrome patients) registry, has been released recently and its performance remains to be assessed. The objective is to evaluate the EPICOR score for 2-year mortality risk in ACS patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: From January to December in 2013, a total of 6087 consecutive patients presenting with ACS who were scheduled for PCI were enrolled. Use online simplified EPICOR calculator to assess the expected risk of death. RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients (1.1%) died during 2-year follow-up. The areas under the receiver operating characteristics curve for mortality in the overall population, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and non-ST-segment elevation ACS were 0.712 (95% CI, 0.650-0.772; p < 0.001), 0.790 (95% CI, 0.676-0.903; p < 0.001), and 0.683 (95% CI, 0.615-0.751; p < 0.001), respectively. Moreover, it was noninferior to the updated Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk score. Patients were stratified into three categories: low-risk (n = 3382), medium-risk (n = 2547), and high-risk (n = 158). Kaplan-Meier curve demonstrated significant ongoing divergence in both mortality (0.6% vs 1.3% vs 9.5%; p < 0.001) and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) (11.8% vs 12.3% vs 19.6%; p = 0.014) among them. Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that medium- and high-risk groups predicted 2- and 12-fold hazards of death comparing to the lowest. Yet, it was not a significant predictor for MACCEs after adjusting confounding factors. CONCLUSION: The simplified EPICOR score showed fair discriminatory power of 2-year mortality in patients with ACS and an improved performance in the STEMI subgroup. It could aid in risk stratification of ACS patients as an independent predictor.

10.
JAMA Cardiol ; 4(5): 418-427, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994898

RESUMO

Importance: Prior observational studies suggest that quality of care improvement (QCI) initiatives can improve the clinical outcomes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). To our knowledge, this has never been demonstrated in a well-powered randomized clinical trial. Objective: To determine whether a clinical pathway-based, multifaceted QCI intervention could improve clinical outcomes among patients with ACS in resource-constrained hospitals in China. Design, Setting, Participants: This large, stepped-wedge cluster randomized clinical trial was conducted in nonpercutaneous coronary intervention hospitals across China and included all patients older than 18 years and with a final diagnosis of ACS who were recruited consecutively between October 2011 and December 2014. We excluded patients who died before or within 10 minutes of hospital arrival. We recruited 5768 and 0 eligible patients for the control and intervention groups, respectively, in step 1, 4326 and 1365 in step 2, 3278 and 3059 in step 3, 1419 and 4468 in step 4, and 0 and 5645 in step 5. Interventions: The intervention included establishing a QCI team, training clinical staff, implementing ACS clinical pathways, sequential site performance assessment and feedback, online technical support, and patient education. The usual care was the control that was compared. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the incidence of in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), comprising all-cause mortality, reinfarction/myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke. Secondary outcomes included 16 key performance indicators (KPIs) and the composite score developed from these KPIs. Results: Of 29 346 patients (17 639 men [61%]; mean [SD] age for control, 64.1 [11.6] years; mean [SD] age for intervention, 63.9 [11.7] years) who were recruited from 101 hospitals, 14 809 (50.5%) were in the control period and 14 537 (49.5%) were in the intervention period. There was no significant difference in the incidence of in-hospital MACE between the intervention and control periods after adjusting for cluster and time effects (3.9% vs 4.4%; odds ratio, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.75-1.15; P = .52). The intervention showed a significant improvement in the composite KPI score (mean [SD], 0.69 [0.22] vs 0.61 [0.23]; P < .01) and in 7 individual KPIs, including the early use of antiplatelet therapy and the use of appropriate secondary prevention medicines at discharge. No unexpected adverse events were reported. Conclusions and Relevance: Among resource-constrained Chinese hospitals, introducing a multifaceted QCI intervention had no significant effect on in-hospital MACE, although it improved a few of the care process indicators of evidence-based ACS management. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01398228.

11.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 21(5): 589-597, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950555

RESUMO

Uncertainty remains regarding the association between resting heart rate (RHR) with hypertension and stroke because of limited and inconsistent data. We assessed the association between RHR, hypertension, and stroke. In this cross-sectional study, 14 677 participants from the China Hypertension Survey study were analyzed. The history of stroke was conducted by questionnaires. RHR was measured by the standardized electronic monitors. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association between RHR, hypertension, and stroke. Moreover, a generalized additive model (GAM) and smooth curve fitting (penalized spline method) were conducted to assess the association between RHR and stroke in different status of hypertension. Overall, each 10 beats per minute (bpm) increase in RHR was associated with an 18% increased prevalence of stroke (P = 0.017). Subjects with RHR > 80 bpm were associated with a higher prevalence of stroke (OR = 1.47; 95% CI, 1.08-2.01) compared with those with RHR ≤ 80 bpm. Similarly, hypertensives had a higher prevalence of stroke than normotensives (OR = 3.76; 95% CI, 2.39-5.92). Hypertensives with RHR > 80 bpm had the highest prevalence of stroke compared with their counterparts (OR = 5.47; 95% CI, 3.13-9.56). The fully adjusted smooth curve fitting presented a linear association between RHR and stroke among participants with hypertension, but almost horizontal association among participants without hypertension. In conclusion, elevated RHR and hypertension were independently and jointly associated with the increased prevalence of stroke. These findings suggested that elevated RHR was associated with increased prevalence of stroke especially among hypertensives.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30990245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present report was to compare 2-year safety outcomes of two biodegradable polymer (BP) sirolimus-eluting stents (SESs) with different drug eluting and polymer absorption kinetics in a subgroup of complex patients and lesions. BACKGROUND: The previously published PANDA III study showed the BuMA BP SES, with faster drug elution and polymer absorption, was non-inferior to the Excel SES in target lesion failure (TLF). METHODS: In PANDA III trial, patients who fulfilled one or more of the following criteria were included: Small vessel disease (reference vessel diameter ≤ 2.5 mm); long lesion (lesion length ≥ 20 mm); chronic total occlusion lesion; and diabetic patients. RESULTS: Among 2,348 patients randomly assigned to treatment with BuMA (n = 1,174) or Excel SES (n = 1,174) in the PANDA III study, 858 in the BuMA group and 855 in the Excel group satisfied the inclusion criteria. At 2-year follow-up, the incidence of definite/probable stent thrombosis (ST) was significantly lower with BuMA SES as compared with Excel SES (0.7% vs. 1.9%, p = 0.03). This difference was mainly caused by decreased subacute stent thrombosis rate (0% vs. 0.6%, p = 0.03). In patients who did not fulfill the complex patient and lesion criteria, there were no between-group difference in ST (0.7% vs. 0%, p = 0.50). Myocardial infarction and TLF rates were similar (5.7% vs. 6.0%, p = 0.79 and 8.8% vs. 7.5%, p = 0.34, respectively), whereas patient-oriented composite endpoint was higher with BuMA SES mainly due to high risk of revascularization (15.6% vs. 11.4%, p = 0.01; 8.4% vs. 4.6%, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Two-year subgroup analysis of the all-comer PANDA III trial revealed the increased safety benefit of the BuMA SES is more prominently seen in complex patient and lesion population. CLINICAL TRIAL: ClinicalTrial.gov, Identifier-NCT02017275.

13.
Eur Heart J ; 40(15): 1178, 2019 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982070
14.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 16(5): 421-427, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31008654

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In recent years, everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold stents (EE-BRS) were developed as alternative to everolimus-eluting metallic stents (EES) for coronary artery disease (CAD) treatments. Areas covered: Searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, EBSCO, Springer, Ovid, TCTMD, Cardiosource, Clinical Trial Results and the Cochrane Library with combined key words such as bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS), everolimus-eluting metallic stents, EES, coronary artery disease, CAD and randomized-Controlled Trials.Finally, 5,474 patients were enrolled for comparison of device-induced thrombosis, ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (ID-TLR), device-oriented composite endpoints (DOCE), patient-oriented composite endpoints (POCE), and target vessel failure (TVF) between EE-BRS and EES treatments. The primary literature search retrieved 200 records. Expert Opinion: There was no difference regarding DOCEs, POCEs and ID-TLRs for 1 or 2 years, whereas there were significant differences regarding thrombosis between EE-BRS and EES interventions in the 1-year (pooled HR, 2.15, 95%CI: 1.11, 4.18) and 2-year follow-ups (pooled HR, 2.02, 95%CI: 1.08, 3.78), but not in the 3-year follow-up (pooled HR, 1.57, 95%CI: 0.66, 3.75) anymore. The results of this study showed no inferiority of EE-BRS regarding TVF, DOCE, POCE and ID-TLR 1-year and 2-years after interventions, but enhanced risk of thrombosis in the EE-BRS patients, which disappeared in 3-year follow-ups.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Stents Farmacológicos , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Stents , Tecidos Suporte/química , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(8): 914-921, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30958432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is currently unclear if fibrinogen is a risk factor for adverse events in patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or merely serves as a marker of pre-existing comorbidities and other causal factors. We therefore investigated the association between fibrinogen levels and 2-year all-cause mortality, and compared the additional predictive value of adding fibrinogen to a basic model including traditional risk factors in patients receiving contemporary PCI. METHODS: A total of 6293 patients undergoing PCI with measured baseline fibrinogen levels were enrolled from January to December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital. Patients were divided into three groups according to tertiles of baseline fibrinogen levels: low fibrinogen, <2.98 g/L; medium fibrinogen, 2.98 to 3.58 g/L; and high fibrinogen, ≥3.58 g/L. Independent predictors of 2-year clinical outcomes were determined by multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression modeling. The increased discriminative value of fibrinogen for predicting all-cause mortality was assessed using the C-statistic and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI). RESULTS: The 2-year all-cause mortality rate was 1.2%. It was significantly higher in the high fibrinogen compared with the low and medium fibrinogen groups according to Kaplan-Meier analyses (1.7% vs. 0.9% and 1.7% vs. 1.0%, respectively; log-rank, P = 0.022). Fibrinogen was significantly associated with all-cause mortality according to multivariate Cox regression (hazard ratio 1.339, 95% confidence interval: 1.109-1.763, P = 0.005), together with traditional risk factors including age, sex, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular ejection fraction, creatinine clearance, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The area under the curve for all-cause mortality in the basic model including traditional risk factors was 0.776, and this value increased to 0.787 when fibrinogen was added to the model (IDI = 0.003, Z = 0.140, P = 0.889). CONCLUSIONS: Fibrinogen is associated with 2-year all-cause mortality in patients receiving PCI, but provides no additional information over a model including traditional risk factors.


Assuntos
Fibrinogênio/análise , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Jejum/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
16.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 26(8): 872-882, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30861699

RESUMO

AIMS: The predictive value of white blood cells in triple-vessel coronary artery disease (TVD) remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the relationship between WBC counts and long-term prognosis of TVD. METHODS: A total of 8943 consecutive patients with triple-vessel coronary artery disease were enrolled from April 2004 to February 2011. The primary endpoint was all-cause death and the secondary endpoints were major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs; a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction or stroke). RESULTS: After a median of 7.5 years of follow-up, 7678 patients were included in the final analysis. Multivariable analysis showed that the white blood cell count was an independent predictor of death (hazard ratio: 1.04, p < 0.01) and MACCE (hazard ratio: 1.03, p = 0.02). In white blood cell differential analysis, increased monocytes (hazard ratio: 1.93, p = 0.001) and eosinophils (hazard ratio: 1.82, p < 0.01), and decreased lymphocytes (hazard ratio: 0.89, p = 0.02) were independent predictors of death. Increased monocytes (hazard ratio: 1.62, P = 0.002) and eosinophils (hazard ratio: 1.55, p < 0.01) were independent predictors of MACCE. A combination of monocyte, lymphocyte and eosinophil counts with the Synergy between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score improved the predictive value for mortality (area under the curve from 0.569 to 0.611; integrated discrimination improvement = 0.012; net reclassification improvement = 0.299) and improved slightly with SYNTAX score II (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Total and differential white blood cell counts are independent prognostic factors of long-term mortality and MACCE in triple-vessel coronary artery disease. A combination of monocyte, lymphocyte and eosinophil counts improved the predictive value for mortality with the SYNTAX score, and improved it slightly with SYNTAX score II.

17.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828008

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the prognostic value of plasma big endothelin-1 level in the context of three-vessel disease (TVD) with heavy atherosclerotic burden. METHODS: A total of 6,150 patients with TVD and available big endothelin-1 data were included in the study. Participants were divided into two groups according to the optimal cutoff value of big endothelin-1 for mortality prediction. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. C-index, net reclassification improvement (NRI), and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) were calculated to evaluate the added prognostic value of plasma big endothelin-1 level beyond the SYNTAX score Ⅱ. RESULTS: On the basis of the optimal cutoff value of 0.79 pmol/L, 1,984 patients were assigned to the high big endothelin-1 group. During a median follow-up of 6.8 years, 818 patients experienced all-cause death. Plasma big endothelin-1 level was significantly higher in patients who died than in patients who survived. Multivariable analysis found that high big endothelin-1 level was independently associated with an increased risk of mortality (hazard ratio: 1.36, 95% confidence interval: 1.18-1.57, P<0.001). The association of big endothelin-1 with all-cause death was relatively consistent across subgroups with no significant interactions. The predictive ability of the SYNTAX score Ⅱ was significantly enhanced by addition of plasma big endothelin-1 level (C-index: 0.723 vs.0.715, P =0.029; NRI: 0.304, P<0.001; IDI: 0.009, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma big endothelin-1 level is an independent predictor of long-term mortality in patients with TVD. It can improve the discrimination and reclassification of the SYNTAX score Ⅱ for mortality prediction.

18.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(3): 245-255, 2019 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732729

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the operability, 6-month efficacy, and safety of the novel sirolimus-eluting iron bioresorbable coronary scaffold (IBS) system compared with a cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (EES) (XIENCE Prime stent) in porcine coronary arteries. BACKGROUND: Bioresorbable scaffolds have been considered the fourth revolution in percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the first-generation bioresorbable scaffold showed suboptimal results. METHODS: Forty-eight IBS and 48 EES were randomly implanted into nonatherosclerotic swine. The operability, efficacy, and safety of the IBS and EES were evaluated using coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography, micro-computed tomography, scanning electron microscopy, and histopathologic evaluation at 7, 14, 28, 90, and 180 days after implantation. RESULTS: The operability of the ultrathin IBS (∼70 µm) was comparable with that of the EES, except for its visibility. There was no statistically significant difference in area stenosis between the IBS and EES from 28 to 180 days. The IBS maintained its integrity up to 90 days without corrosion, while corrosion was observed in a few struts in 2 of 10 IBS at 180 days. The percentage of endothelialization of IBS was higher than that of XIENCE Prime stents within 14 days after implantation. The fibrin score was higher in the IBS group at 28 days but comparable with the EES group at 90 and 180 days. No scaffold or stent thrombosis was seen in either group. No abnormal histopathologic changes in scaffolded or stented vessel segments and 5 main remote organs were observed in either group. CONCLUSIONS: Preclinical results suggest that the novel IBS has comparable operability, mid-term efficacy, and safety with the EES, and its corrosion profile in porcine coronary arteries is reasonable, which could support initial clinical study of the IBS.

19.
Coron Artery Dis ; 30(4): 249-254, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30762624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the advancements of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), it is not clear whether unprotected left main (ULM) coronary artery disease (CAD) remains an independent predictor of adverse outcomes after PCI therapy. We have therefore carried out a large cohort study to investigate the impact of ULM disease on 2-year clinical outcomes in Chinese patients undergoing contemporary PCI treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: From January 2013 to December 2013, 10 724 consecutive patients undergoing PCI were prospectively collected. Two-year clinical outcomes were compared for patients undergoing ULM PCI and non-ULM PCI. Among the 10 724 patients, 272 (2.5%) patients underwent ULM PCI. Overall, these patients had higher baseline clinical risks of CAD and more extensive CAD compared with non-ULM PCI patients. During the 2-year follow-up, patients who underwent ULM PCI experienced higher incidence of cardiac death (2.2 vs. 0.7%; log-rank P=0.002), myocardial infarction (7.0 vs. 1.9%; log-rank P<0.001), stroke (2.9 vs. 1.3%; log-rank P=0.02), and definite and probable stent thrombosis (3.3 vs. 0.5%; log-rank P<0.001), than patients who underwent non-ULM PCI. However, the rates of revascularization (7.4 vs. 8.7%; log-rank P=0.48), target vessel revascularization (5.5 vs. 5.0%; log-rank P=0.66), and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (15.1 vs. 12.0%; log-rank P=0.11) were not significantly different between the groups. When performing adjusted Cox regression after propensity score matching, ULM PCI was not an independent risk factor of any clinical events (all P>0.05). CONCLUSION: In this large cohort of patients who underwent modern PCI, ULM PCI patients had higher baseline clinical risks and poorer prognosis during 2-year follow-up. However, after multivariate analysis, ULM PCI was not an independent risk factor of any clinical adverse events.

20.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(1): e007281, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30599768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is reported to promote the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and be associated with cardiovascular events risk. It is unknown whether plasma TMAO is associated with plaque morphology in patients with acute myocardial infarction. We investigated the relationship between the culprit plaque morphology and plasma TMAO concentration in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: A prospective series of 211 patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction who underwent preintervention optical coherence tomography examination for the culprit lesion were enrolled; 77 and 69 patients were categorized as plaque rupture and plaque erosion, respectively. Plasma TMAO levels, detected using stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, were significantly higher in patients with plaque rupture than in those with plaque erosion (3.33 µM; interquartile range: 2.48-4.57 versus 1.21 µM; interquartile range: 0.86-1.91; P<0.001). After adjustments for traditional risk factors, elevated TMAO levels remained independently correlated with plaque rupture (adjusted odds ratio: 4.06, 95% CI, 2.38-6.91; P<0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for plaque rupture versus plaque erosion was 0.89. At a cutoff level of 1.95 µM, TMAO had a sensitivity of 88.3% and specificity of 76.8% in discriminating plaque rupture from plaque erosion. CONCLUSIONS: High levels of plasma TMAO independently correlated with plaque rupture in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. Moreover, TMAO might be a useful biomarker for plaque rupture to improve risk stratification and management in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifiers: NCT03593928.

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