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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(41): e27531, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731147

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between uterine cesarean scar diverticulum (CSD) and subsequent infertility in patients who underwent cesarean section, and determine the effects of pelvic fluid-releasing inflammations on infertility.A retrospective analysis was designed among patients with CSD who were admitted to our hospital from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019. A total of 60 patients with CSD and uterine fibroids or benign ovarian tumors who underwent cesarean section were included, and divided into the CSD group and control group. Baseline characteristics of all patients were collected, and the pelvic adhesion scores and the percents of tubal patency were evaluated. Furthermore, the postoperative clinical outcomes were followed up. The levels of inflammatory factors in pelvic fluid were tested using Elisa kits.Preoperative data indicated that the size of the uterine scar diverticulum was (1.68 ±â€Š0.52) cm, the pelvic adhesion scores were higher in CSD group than control group (4.67 ±â€Š0.90 vs 0.47 ±â€Š0.90, P < .05), and 21 of 30 patients with unobstructed fallopian tubes. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1ß, and interleukin-6 in patients with CSD were obviously higher than control group (P < .05). After the follow-up, the data displayed that no CSD was found in all patients, the time of menstrual period in patients with CSD was shortened to 7.80 ±â€Š1.27 days, and the myometrial thickness at uterine scar was significantly increased (P < .05). Additionally, the pregnancy rate was increased, and 12 of 30 patients were repregnant. Correlation analysis showed that the levels of inflammatory factors (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1ß, interleukin-6), the size of uterine scar diverticulum, and the myometrial thickness at uterine scar were significantly correlated with subsequent infertility (r = 0.307, 0.083, 0.147, 0.405, 0.291, P < .05).Uterine scar diverticulum repair could improve menstrual prolongation, increased the thickness of myometrium and repregnant rate. Subsequent infertility was positively correlated with uterine scar diverticulum and the levels of inflammatory factors.


Assuntos
Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Cicatriz/patologia , Divertículo/complicações , Infertilidade/etiologia , Miométrio/patologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Divertículo/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Leiomioma/patologia , Leiomioma/cirurgia , Menstruação/fisiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Útero/patologia , Útero/cirurgia
2.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 663287, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765611

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study was to provide a descriptive analysis of the clinical outcomes achieved in oocyte vitrification in cases where sperm was unavailable on oocyte retrieval day, and to identify predictors of oocyte survival. Methods: This retrospective cohort study used data from a university-affiliated reproductive medical center. There were 321 cycles in which some of, or all oocytes were vitrified owing to the unavailability of sperm between March 2009 and October 2017. A descriptive analysis of the clinical outcomes including both fresh embryo transfers and cryopreserved embryo transfers was provided. The ability of an individual parameter to forecast oocyte survival per thawing cycle was assessed by binary logistic regression analysis. The cumulative probability of live birth (CPLB) was estimated by using the Kaplan-Meier method according to the total number of oocytes thawed in consecutive procedures. Results: The average survival rate was 83.13%. High-quality embryo rate and blastocyst rate decreased significantly decreased significantly in vitrification oocyte group compared to fresh control oocytes. The comparison of sibling oocytes in part-oocyte-vitrified cycles shows fewer high-quality embryos developed in the vitrified group. The live birth rate per warmed-oocyte was 4.3%. Reasons for lack of sperm availability on oocyte retrieval day and serum cholesterol levels were found to be associated with oocyte survival rate in the present study. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed no significant difference in CPLB between patients ≤35 vs. >35 years. Conclusions: Oocyte vitrification is an indispensable and effective alternative when sperm are not available on oocyte retrieval day. The present study provided evidence that oocytes from infertile couples were more likely to suffer oocyte/embryo vitrification injury. Clinicians need to take this into account when advising patients in similar situations. Further studies will be necessary to clarify the correlation between serum metabolism parameters and human oocyte survival after vitrification.

3.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 179: 104968, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802518

RESUMO

Tribolium castaneum (T. castaneum) is a worldwide pest of stored grain that mainly harms flour, and not only causes serious loss of flour quality but also leads to deterioration of flour quality. Chemical detection plays a key role in insect behavior, and the role of odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) in insect chemical detection has been widely studied. However, the mechanism of OBPs in insect defense against exogenous toxic substances is still unclear. In this study, biochemical analysis showed that eugenol, the active component of A. vulgaris essential oil, significantly induced the expression of the OBP gene OBPC12 from T. castaneum (TcOBPC12). The mortality of late larvae treated with eugenol was higher than that of the control group after RNA interference (RNAi) against TcOBPC12, which indicates that the OBP gene is involved in the eugenol defense mechanism and leads to a decrease in sensitivity to eugenol. Tissue expression profiling showed that the expression of TcOBPC12 in the epidermis, hemolymph, and intestine was higher than in other larval tissues, and TcOBPC12 was expressed mainly in the epidermis, head, and fat body of adults. The developmental expression profile showed that the expression of TcOBPC12 in late eggs, early and late larval stages, and late adult stages was higher than in other developmental stages. These data suggest that TcOBPC12 may be involved in the absorption of exogenous toxic substances by the larvae from T. castaneum. Our results provide a theoretical basis for the metabolism and degradation mechanism of exogenous toxic substances and help explore more potential target genes of insect pests.


Assuntos
Tribolium , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte , Eugenol/toxicidade , Larva , Odorantes , Tribolium/genética
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(11): 1041-1044, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729739

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of expanded non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT-plus) for prenatal screening. METHODS: The screening result, prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy outcome of 3700 pregnant women who volunteered NIPT-plus screening at our center from September 2018 to December 2019 were reviewed. RESULTS: Among the 3700 pregnant women, 74(2.0%) were scored positive for clinically significant fetal chromosomal abnormalities and underwent NIPT-plus screening. Sixty three women with a high risk underwent invasive prenatal diagnosis, among whom 19 were diagnosed, which yielded a positive predictive value (PPVs) of 30.2% (19/63). Statistical analysis showed that NIPT-plus has higher PPVs for common aneuploidies and low-to-medium PPVs for sex chromosome aneuploidies and microdeletion/microduplication syndromes. CONCLUSION: As a screening technique, NIPT-plus has broader applications compared with conventional techniques, and has reference value for clinicians and pregnant women during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Aneuploidia , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Aberrações dos Cromossomos Sexuais
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(21)2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768749

RESUMO

Understanding miRNAs regulatory roles in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) would help establish new avenues for further uncovering the mechanisms underlying radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis (RIPF) and identifying preventative and therapeutic targets. Here, we demonstrated that miR-541-5p repression by Myeloid Zinc Finger 1 (MZF1) promotes radiation-induced EMT and RIPF. Irradiation could decrease miR-541-5p expression in vitro and in vivo and inversely correlated to RIPF development. Ectopic miR-541-5p expression suppressed radiation-induced-EMT in vitro and in vivo. Knockdown of Slug, the functional target of miR-541-5p, inhibited EMT induction by irradiation. The upregulation of transcription factor MZF1 upon irradiation inhibited the expression of endogenous miR-541-5p and its primary precursor (pri-miR-541-5p), which regulated the effect of the Slug on the EMT process. Our finding showed that ectopic miR-541-5p expression mitigated RIPF in mice by targeting Slug. Thus, irradiation activates MZF1 to downregulate miR-541-5p in alveolar epithelial cells, promoting EMT and contributing to RIPF by targeting Slug. Our observation provides further understanding of the development of RIPF and determines potential preventative and therapeutic targets.

6.
Oncogene ; 40(48): 6601-6613, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621019

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for tumor progression, recurrence, and drug resistance. To identify genetic vulnerabilities of colon cancer, we performed targeted CRISPR dropout screens comprising 657 Drugbank targets and 317 epigenetic regulators on two patient-derived colon CSC-enriched spheroids. Next-generation sequencing of pooled genomic DNAs isolated from surviving cells yielded therapeutic candidates. We unraveled 44 essential genes for colon CSC-enriched spheroids propagation, including key cholesterol biosynthetic genes (HMGCR, FDPS, and GGPS1). Cholesterol biosynthesis was induced in colon cancer tissues, especially CSC-enriched spheroids. The genetic and pharmacological inhibition of HMGCR/FDPS impaired self-renewal capacity and tumorigenic potential of the spheroid models in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, HMGCR or FDPS depletion impaired cancer stemness characteristics by activating TGF-ß signaling, which in turn downregulated expression of inhibitors of differentiation (ID) proteins, key regulators of cancer stemness. Cholesterol and geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP) rescued the growth inhibitory and signaling effect of HMGCR/FDPS blockade, implying a direct role of these metabolites in modulating stemness. Finally, cholesterol biosynthesis inhibitors and 5-FU demonstrated antitumor synergy in colon CSC-enriched spheroids, tumor organoids, and xenografts. Taken together, our study unravels novel genetic vulnerabilities of colon CSC-enriched spheroids and suggests cholesterol biosynthesis as a potential target in conjunction with traditional chemotherapy for colon cancer treatment.

7.
Am J Med Genet A ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652067

RESUMO

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the most common cardiac phenotypes caused by mutations of lamin A/C (LMNA) gene in humans. In our study, a cohort of 57 patients who underwent heart transplant for dilated cardiomyopathy was screened for variants in LMNA. We identified a synonymous variant c.936G>A in the last nucleotide of exon 5 of LMNA in a DCM family. Clinically, the LMNA variant carriers presented with severe familial DCM, conduction disease, and high creatine-kinase level. The LMNA c.936G>A variant is novel and has not been reported in current genetic variant databases. Sanger sequencing results showed the presence of LMNA c.936G>A variant in the genomic DNA but not in the cDNA derived from one family member's heart tissue. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed significantly lower LMNA mRNA levels in the patient's heart compared to the controls, suggesting that the c.936G>A LMNA variant resulted in reduced mRNA and possibly lower protein expression of LMNA. These findings expand the understanding on the association between synonymous variant of LMNA and the molecular pathogenesis in DCM patients.

8.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600855

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the association between endometrial thickness (EMT) on HCG trigger day and outcomes related to birth weight in fresh IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) embryo transfer cycles? DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of 9273 singleton live births born to women undergoing fresh IVF/ICSI cycles in a single centre between January 2014 and December 2018. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the associations between EMT, low birth weight (LBW) and small for gestational age (SGA). Multivariable-adjusted linear regression models incorporating restricted cubic splines were used to investigate the dose-response relationship between EMT, birth weight and birth weight z-score, respectively. An EMT of 8 mm was set as a reference value. RESULTS: Compared with women with an EMT measuring between 8 mm or less and less than 14 mm, the risk of delivering a SGA infant was higher when EMT measured less than 8.0 mm (adjusted OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.90) and lower when EMT measured 14.0 mm or above (adjusted OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.35 to 0.93, respectively). Compared with women with an EMT of 8.0 mm, women with an EMT of 5.0, 6.0 and 7.0 mm were associated with a decrease of 120 g (95% CI -175 g to -66 g), 80 g (95% CI -116 g to -44 g), and 40 g (95% CI -58 g to -22 g) in birth weight; and a decrease of 0.19 (95% CI -0.27 to -0.10), 0.12 (95% CI -0.18 to -0.07) and 0.06 (95% CI -0.09 to -0.03) in birth weight z-score, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A thinner endometrium was associated with lower birth weight and birth weight z-score, and higher risk of SGA. Women with a thin endometrium warrant special attention during pregnancy.

9.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; : 1-10, 2021 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657564

RESUMO

An efficient compound enzyme extraction process was developed and optimized to extract the polysaccharide from Erythronium sibiricum bulb via response surface methodology. The polysaccharide E2P was obtained. Then, the preliminary characteristics of E2P were determined via colorimetry and chromatography. Additionally, the immunoregulatory activities of E2P and another polysaccharide (ESBP, extracted using the hot water method) were compared. The optimized extraction results were as follows: temperature (54.56 °C), time (2.52 h), pH (6.53), and enzyme concentration ratio (0.5% cellulase:1.5% amylase). The yield (64.18% ± 2.91%) obtained under the aforementioned conditions was considerably higher than the yield of ESBP (37.25% ± 0.17%). The total sugar, uronic acid, starch, and protein contents of E2P were 81.77% ± 2.84%, 3.31% ± 0.45%, 3.29% ± 0.01%, and 0.24% ± 0.02%, respectively. The HPLC result suggested that the predominant monosaccharides of E2P included glucose, galactose, and arabinose, with a molar ratio of 543.2:1:1.8. The in vitro tests in RAW264.7 cells indicated that ESBP exhibited better immunomodulatory activities than E2P. In particular, ESBP can promote the proliferation, phagocytosis, and cytokine secretion abilities of cytokines, such as nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin (IL)-1ß of RAW264.6 cells. By contrast, E2P can only promote phagocytosis ability and the secretion of IL-1ß.

10.
Toxicology ; 464: 153000, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695509

RESUMO

Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a powerful molecular imaging technology that can obtain qualitative, quantitative, and location information by simultaneously detecting and mapping endogenous or exogenous molecules in biological tissue slices without specific chemical labeling or complex sample pretreatment. This article reviews the progress made in MSI and its application in drug toxicology research, including the tissue distribution of toxic drugs and their metabolites, the target organs (liver, kidney, lung, eye, and central nervous system) of toxic drugs, the discovery of toxicity-associated biomarkers, and explanations of the mechanisms of drug toxicity when MSI is combined with the cutting-edge omics methodologies. The unique advantages and broad prospects of this technology have been fully demonstrated to further promote its wider use in the field of pharmaceutical toxicology.

11.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 260, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34552057

RESUMO

To maintain genomic stability, the mammalian cells has evolved a coordinated response to DNA damage, including activation of DNA repair and cell cycle checkpoint processes. Exonuclease 1 (EXO1)-dependent excision of DNA ends is important for the initiation of homologous recombination (HR) repair of DNA breaks, which is thought to play a key role in activating the ATR-CHK1 pathway to induce G2/M cell cycle arrest. But the mechanism is still not fully understood. Here, we report that ZGRF1 forms complexes with EXO1 as well as other repair proteins and promotes DNA repair through HR. ZGRF1 is recruited to DNA damage sites in a MDC1-RNF8-BRCA1 dependent manner. Furthermore, ZGRF1 is important for the recruitment of RPA2 to DNA damage sites and the following ATR-CHK1 mediated G2/M checkpoint in response to irradiation. ZGRF1 null cells show increased sensitivity to many DNA-damaging agents, especially PARPi and irradiation. Collectively,our findings identify ZGRF1 as a novel regulator of DNA end resection and G2/M checkpoint. ZGRF1 is a potential target of radiation and PARPi cancer therapy.

12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(9): 895-899, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487540

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether it is necessary to choose NIPT-plus for the prenatal screening of pregnant women. METHODS: The results of NIPT and NIPT-plus sequencing data, fetal DNA concentration, prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy outcome of 50 pregnant women were compared. RESULTS: Compared with NIPT, NIPT-plus attained similar fetal DNA concentration and a 4.4-fold increase in sequencing data. NIPT was able to detect 4 cases of 21-trisomy, 2 cases of 18-trisomy, and 9 cases of sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCAs) signaled by NIPT-plus, but missed one 18-trisomy, and failed to detect rare chromosome aneuploidies (RCAs) and microdeletion/microduplication syndromes (MMS). The PPVs of NIPT-plus for 21-trisomy, 18-trisomy, SCAs, MMS and RCAs were 100%, 100%, 44.4%, 30.4% and 0%, respectively. And those of NIPT for 21-trisomy, 18-trisomy, and SCAs were 100%, 100%, and 44.4%, respectively. CONCLUSION: It is necessary for pregnant women to select NIPT-plus to improve the detection rate of common trisomies, SCAs and disease-specific MMS, therefore reduce the occurrene of birth defect.


Assuntos
Aneuploidia , Gestantes , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Trissomia , Síndrome da Trissomia do Cromossomo 13 , Síndrome da Trissomía do Cromossomo 18
13.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(5): 437-446, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549927

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of airborne-particle abrasion and MDP (methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate)-based primer treatment on the strength of resin bonds to highly translucent zirconia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight groups (n = 20 per group) of specimens were prepared with airborne-particle abrasion treatments (0.1-, 0.3-, or 0.6-MPa pressure) or not (untreated control) and MDP-based primer (treated) or not (untreated). Shear bond strength (SBS) tests were performed on the composite-to-ceramic bonded specimens either with or without thermocycling. After airborne-particle abrasion, the surface topography was evaluated by white light interferometry, and a phase analysis was conducted with x-ray diffraction (XRD). Surface roughness (Ra), surface energy (SE), and SBS measurements were statistically analyzed using either Tukey's HSD or the Kruskal-Wallis test, based on applicability. Lastly, the failure mode was observed by optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. RESULTS: Airborne-particle abrasion resulted in significantly larger Ra (p < 0.05), especially with higher treatment pressures. Treatment with MDP-based primer caused significantly higher SE and SBS than airborne-particle abrasion alone (p < 0.05), both with and without aging. CONCLUSION: MDP-based primer can enhance the bond strength and reduce hydrolytic aging of the bonded interface for highly translucent zirconia, exceeding the effects of airborne-particle abrasion. It is recommended that MDP-based primer treatment be applied with a composite cement containing adhesive phosphate monomer.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio
14.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 731730, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557533

RESUMO

Background: The existing prediction models lack the generalized applicability for chronic heart failure (CHF) readmission. We aimed to develop and validate a widely applicable nomogram for the prediction of 180-day readmission to the patients. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 2,980 consecutive patients with CHF from two hospitals. A nomogram was created to predict 180-day readmission based on the selected variables. The patients were divided into three datasets for development, internal validation, and external validation (mean age: 74.2 ± 14.1, 73.8 ± 14.2, and 71.0 ± 11.7 years, respectively; sex: 50.2, 48.8, and 55.2% male, respectively). At baseline, 102 variables were submitted to the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso) regression algorithm for variable selection. The selected variables were processed by the multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression modeling combined with univariate analysis and stepwise regression. The model was evaluated by the concordance index (C-index) and calibration plot. Finally, the nomogram was provided to visualize the results. The improvement in the regression model was calculated by the net reclassification index (NRI) (with tenfold cross-validation and 200 bootstraps). Results: Among the selected 2,980 patients, 1,696 (56.9%) were readmitted within 180 days, and 1,502 (50.4%) were men. A nomogram was established by the results of Lasso regression, univariate analysis, stepwise regression and multivariate Cox regression, as well as variables with clinical significance. The values of the C-index were 0.75 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.72-0.79], 0.75 [95% CI: 0.69-0.81], and 0.73 [95% CI: 0.64-0.83] for the development, internal validation, and external validation datasets, respectively. Calibration plots were provided for both the internal and external validation sets. Five variables including history of acute heart failure, emergency department visit, age, blood urea nitrogen level, and beta blocker usage were considered in the final prediction model. When adding variables involving hospital discharge way, alcohol taken and left bundle branch block, the calculated values of NRI demonstrated no significant improvements. Conclusions: A nomogram for the prediction of 180-day readmission of patients with CHF was developed and validated based on five variables. The proposed methodology can improve the accurate prediction of patient readmission and have the wide applications for CHF.

15.
Membranes (Basel) ; 11(9)2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564479

RESUMO

Brackish water is a potential fresh water resource with lower salt content than seawater. Desalination of brackish water is an important option to alleviate the prevalent water crisis around the world. As a membrane technology ranging between UF and RO, NF can achieve the partial desalination via size exclusion and charge exclusion. So, it has been widely concerned and applied in treatment of brackish water during the past several decades. Hereon, an overview of the progress in research on and application of NF technology for brackish water treatment is provided. On the basis of expounding the features of brackish water, the factors affecting NF efficiency, including the feed water characteristics, operating conditions and NF membrane properties, are analyzed. For the ubiquitous membrane fouling problem, three preventive fouling control strategies including feed water pretreatment, optimization of operating conditions and selection of anti-fouling membranes are summarized. In addition, membrane cleaning methods for restoring the fouled membrane are discussed. Furthermore, the combined utilization of NF with other membrane technologies is reviewed. Finally, future research prospects are proposed to deal with the current existing problems. Lessons gained from this review are expected to promote the sustainable development of brackish water treatment with NF technology.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(17): 4497-4503, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581055

RESUMO

This study aimed to observe the inhibitory effect of icariin against oxidative stress-induced calcification in aortic vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) and elucidate the molecular mechanism of icariin in inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS)-mediated atherosclerotic calcification, so as to provide new ideas for exploring the anti-atherosclerotic mechanism of Epimedii Folium. The VSMCs in rat thoracic aorta were subjected to adherent culture and then treated with the complete calcification DMEM containing high glucose and hydrogen peroxide(H_2O_2) for three weeks. The resulting calcified VSMCs were divided into different treatment groups. Icariin was added one week after calcification induction for protecting the VSMCs, whose viability was then detected using cell counting kit-8(CCK-8). Alizarin red-S staining was conducted to observe the calcification degree. The activity of alkaline phosphatase(ALP) in VSMCs was measured using the disodium phenyl phosphate substrate and the calcium content was measured by arsenazo Ⅲ method. The mRNA expression levels of ossification-related factors including osteocalcin(OC), osteopontin(OPN), Runt-related transcription factor 2(Runx2), and type Ⅰ collagen(Col Ⅰa) were detected by real-time PCR. Western blot was carried out to determine the protein expression levels of α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), Runx2, activating transcription factor 4(ATF4), and eukaryotic translation initiation factor(eIF)-2α. The results showed that H_2O_2 significantly induced the calcification of VSMCs, increased the ALP activity and calcium content in VSMCs, promoted OC, OPN, Runx2, and Col Ⅰa mRNA expression and Runx2 protein expression, and reduced α-SMA protein expression. The ATF4 protein expression and eIF2α phosphorylation were also elevated significantly. Icariin reversed the calcification of VSMCs induced by H_2O_2, inhibited ALP activity and calcium content in VSMCs, down-regulated the mRNA expression levels of OC, OPN, Runx2 and Col Ⅰa and Runx2 protein expression, and relatively up-regulated the expression of α-SMA. The expression of ATF4 and phosphorylation of eIF2α also declined significantly. All these have demonstrated that icariin inhibited VSMCs calcification by down-regulating the ossification-related factors and lowering ALP activity and calcium content in VSMCs. Besides, the down-regulation of Runx2 expression and the inhibition of ATF4 and eIF2α-mediated cellular calcification pathway in ERS might also be involved in such calcification-suppressing process.


Assuntos
Músculo Liso Vascular , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos
17.
J Econ Entomol ; 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546358

RESUMO

Uridine diphosphate glucosyltransferases (UGTs), which are phase II detoxification enzymes, are found in various organisms. These enzymes play an important role in the detoxification mechanisms of plant allelopathy and in insects. Artemisia vulgaris L. (Asterales: Asteraceae: Artemisia) essential oil has strong contact toxicity to Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) larvae. However, the effect of A. vulgaris essential oil on UGTs is unclear. In this study, A. vulgaris essential oil was shown to significantly induce the expression of the TcUgt86Dg transcript. Furthermore, treatment of TcUgt86Dg-silenced individuals with A. vulgaris essential oil resulted in higher mortality than for the control individuals, indicating that TcUgt86Dg is involved in detoxification of A. vulgaris essential oil in T. castaneum. The developmental expression profile showed that the expression of TcUgt86Dg in late adults was higher than in other developmental stages. Furthermore, the expression profile in adult tissues revealed higher expression of TcUgt86Dg in the head, antenna, fat body, and accessory gland than in other tissues. These data show that TcUgt86Dg may be involved in the metabolism of exogenous toxins by T. castaneum; thus, our results have elucidated one possible mechanism of resistance to A. vulgaris essential oil and provide a theoretical basis for a control scheme for T. castaneum.

18.
Reprod Sci ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582004

RESUMO

Heat shock protein alpha 8 (HSPA8) was found to be downregulated in the placentas of patients with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP). We aim to explore the underlying role and mechanism of HSPA8 in HDP progression. Herein, HSPA8 mRNA expression in placentas and peripheral blood of patients with HDP and normal pregnant controls was measured with RT-qPCR. We found that HSPA8 expression was downregulated in placentas and peripheral blood of patients with HDP. HTR8/SVneo human trophoblast cells were transfected with pcDNA-HSPA8 or si-HSPA8. HSPA8 overexpression promoted cell proliferation, migration, and MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein levels, and inhibited apoptosis, while HSPA8 silencing showed the opposite results. Co-immunoprecipitation assay validated the binding between HSPA8 and ß-arrestin1, as well as ß-arrestin1 and A1AR proteins. HSPA8 bound with ß-arrestin1 protein and promoted ß-arrestin1 expression. ß-arrestin1 bound with A1AR protein and inhibited A1AR expression. Then, HTR8/SVneo cells were transfected with pcDNA-HSPA8 alone or together with si-ß-arrestin1, as well as transfected with pcDNA-ß-arrestin1 alone or together with pcDNA-A1AR. ß-arrestin1 silencing reversed the effects of HSPA8 overexpression on HTR8/SVneo cell functions. ß-arrestin1 overexpression promoted cell proliferation migration, and MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein levels, and inhibited apoptosis, while these effects were reversed by A1AR overexpression. Lentivirus HSPA8 overexpression vector (Lv-HSPA8) was injected into a preeclampsia (PE) rat model, which attenuated blood pressure and fetal detrimental changes in PE rats. In conclusion, HSPA8 promoted proliferation and migration and inhibited apoptosis in trophoblast cells, and attenuated the symptoms of PE rats by modulating the ß-arrestin1/A1AR axis. Our study provided a novel theoretical evidence and potential strategy for HDP treatment.

19.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 6370526, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367271

RESUMO

Accurate segmentation of the tongue body is an important prerequisite for computer-aided tongue diagnosis. In general, the size and shape of the tongue are very different, the color of the tongue is similar to the surrounding tissue, the edge of the tongue is fuzzy, and some of the tongue is interfered by pathological details. The existing segmentation methods are often not ideal for tongue image processing. To solve these problems, this paper proposes a symmetry and edge-constrained level set model combined with the geometric features of the tongue for tongue segmentation. Based on the symmetry geometry of the tongue, a novel level set initialization method is proposed to improve the accuracy of subsequent model evolution. In order to increase the evolution force of the energy function, symmetry detection constraints are added to the evolution model. Combined with the latest convolution neural network, the edge probability input of the tongue image is obtained to guide the evolution of the edge stop function, so as to achieve accurate and automatic tongue segmentation. The experimental results show that the input tongue image is not subject to the external capturing facility or environment, and it is suitable for tongue segmentation under most realistic conditions. Qualitative and quantitative comparisons show that the proposed method is superior to the other methods in terms of robustness and accuracy.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Diagnóstico por Computador , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Língua
20.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(7): 549-54, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture(EA) at "Zusanli"(ST36), "Yinlingquan" (SP9) or "Yingu"(KI10) on the expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine type 7 receptor (5-HT7R) in the gastric antrum and colon tissues in functional diarrhea (FD) model rats, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improving FD. METHODS: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, ST36, SP9 and KI10 groups,with 8 rats in each group. The FD model was established by combined administration of restriction (four-limbs' banding) + abdominal cold stimulation + feeding every other day, for 14 days. EA (2 Hz, 0.5 mA) was applied to bilateral ST36 or bilateral SP9 or bilateral KI10 in the 3 corresponding groups for 30 min, once a day for 7 days after successful modeling. Rats of the control group received restriction only. The fecal water content was calculated and the stool form score was given according to the Bristol's methods. The gastric residual rate (GRR) and small intestine propulsion rate (SIPR) were determined to assess the motility of the gastrointestinal tract. Immunohistochemical and real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR were used to detect the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA of the gastric antrum and colon tissues, respectively. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the fecal water content, the stool form score, the SIPR and the expression levels of 5-HT7R protein and 5-HT7R mRNA were significantly increased (P<0.01,P<0.05) and the GRR was considerably decreased in the model group (P<0.01). The fecal water content, stool form score and SIPR, and expression level of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA in the gastric antrum and colon were significantly lower in both the ST36 and SP9 groups (not in the KI10 group) than in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05), but the GRR was significantly higher in the ST36 and SP9 groups (not in the KI10 group) than in the model group (P<0.01). The effects of both ST36 and SP9 were significantly superior to those of KI10 in improving all the indexes mentioned above (except SIPR and the mRNA level of 5-HT7R in the colon in SP9 group)(P<0.01, P<0.05). No significant differences were found between the ST36 and SP9 groups in lowering the levels of fecal water content, stool form score, SIPR, and the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA, as well as in up-regulating GRR (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA of ST36 and SP9 can improve the motility of gastrointestinal tract in FD rats, which may be related to its functions in down-regulating the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA in gastric antrum and colon tissues. The effects of ST36 and SP9 were obviously better than those of KI10 in ameliorating the gastric and intestinal motility (except GRR) and in lowering the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Colo , Diarreia/genética , Diarreia/terapia , Masculino , Antro Pilórico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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