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1.
J Voice ; 33(6): 948.e23-948.e29, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526665

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) is an objective multiparameter index of voice quality that measures and describes overall voice quality. Some studies have suggested that the reliability of devices for DSI measurement should be examined. We explored the feasibility of DSI measurements using the Dr. Speech (DRS) device, verified its effectiveness for clinical voice measurements and intradevice reliability, and examined the correlation between the DSI and self-evaluations of voice problems. METHODS: Seventy adult participants (including individuals with voice problems and healthy adults) underwent objective and subjective voice assessments. These data were then used to establish a DSIDRS model and test the intradevice (DRS device and Praat software) reliability. The clinical validation of the DSIDRS was conducted by measuring the DSI of six other participants and comparing the observed and predicted perceived voice quality as expressed by the G score (of the GRBAS scale). Moreover, the relationship between the DSI measurements and participants' self-evaluations of voice problems was investigated by analyzing the correlation between the DSI and the Voice Handicap Index (VHI). RESULTS: The DSIDRS discriminated 80% of participants' voice quality ratings. There were strong correlations between the DSI and variables measured by the DRS device and Praat software. Furthermore, there was no significant correlation between the DSIDRS and VHI. CONCLUSION: The DRS device can perform DSI measurements. Objective voice measurements and perceptual voice ratings reflected different aspects of vocal function and its effects. These factors should be considered in clinical practice settings.

2.
Clin Linguist Phon ; 33(3): 279-293, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30136866

RESUMO

Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) is an objective multi-parametric measurement of voice quality, which has been widely used in different countries. Studies indicate that DSI may be influenced by vocal pathology, age and geographical factors, whereas gender does not significantly affect DSI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of gender and age on the DSI and related parameters in a Shanghainese population. The present study measured the DSI and the parameters maximum phonation time (MPT), highest fundamental frequency (HF0), lowest intensity (LI) and Jitter in 187 Shanghainese subjects, including 106 young adults aged 18-23 years (52 males and 54 females) and 81 children aged 7-9 years (44 boys and 37 girls). Two-way analysis of variance indicated that HF0 was significantly higher in female subjects than in male subjects, in both young adults and children. Gender was not significantly associated with MPT, LI, jitter or DSI. With regard to age, MPT and DSI were significantly higher in young adults than in children, and HF0 and LI were significantly lower. No significant associations between age and jitter were detected. In terms of clinic significance, the results of this study may contribute to the establishment of a normal reference range for Shanghainese DSI values, and the influence of gender and age on DSI and its separate components.

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