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1.
Coron Artery Dis ; 31(2): 109-117, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated whether the age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score [age (years) /ejection fraction (%) +1 (if creatinine>176µmol/L)] could predict 1-year outcomes following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention, and whether accuracy could be improved by establishing novel ACEF-derived risk models. METHODS: A total of 1146 patients were included. The study endpoint was 1-year major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular events, including all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, unplanned revascularization, and nonfatal stroke. Accuracy was defined with area under the curve by receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: The incidence of 1-year major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular event increased with the rising age, creatinine, and ejection fraction score tertiles (4.8%, 8.4%, and 15.2%, P < 0.001 for all). Higher ACEF score was significantly associated with an increased risk of the endpoint in overall (odds ratio = 3.75, 95% confidence interval, 2.44-5.77, P < 0.001) and in subgroups (all P < 0.05). The accuracy of the ACEF score was equivalent to the other complex risk scores. The combination of ACEF, and diabetes (ACEF-diabetes score) yielded a superior discriminatory ability than the original ACEF score (increase in C-statistic from 0.67 to 0.71, P = 0.048; continuous net reclassification improvement = 51.9%, 95% confidence interval, 33.4-70.5%, P < 0.001; integrated discrimination improvement = 0.020, 95% confidence interval, 0.011-0.030, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The simplified ACEF score performed well in predicting 1-year outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The novel ACEF-diabetes score provided a better predictive value and thus may help stratify high-risk patients and potentially facilitate decision making.

2.
Angiology ; 71(1): 38-47, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554413

RESUMO

This study investigated whether a novel index of stress hyperglycemia might have a better prognostic value compared to admission glycemia alone in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The acute-to-chronic glycemic ratio was expressed as admission blood glucose (ABG) devided by the estimated average glucose (eAG), and eAG was derived from the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). A total of 1300 consecutive patients with STEMI treated with PCI were included. Baseline data and outcomes were analyzed. The study end point was a composite of in-hospital all-cause death, cardiogenic shock, and acute pulmonary edema. Accuracy was defined with area under the curve (AUC) by a receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. After multivariate adjustment, both ABG/eAG and ABG were closely associated with an increased risk of the composite end point in nondiabetic patients. However, only ABG/eAG (odds ratio = 2.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.24-4.82, P = .010), instead of ABG, was associated with the outcomes in diabetic patients. Compared to ABG, ABG/eAG had an equivalent predictive value in nondiabetic patients but a superior discriminatory ability in diabetic patients (AUC improved from 0.52-0.63, P < .001). Taken together, ABG/eAG provides more significant in-hospital prognostic information than ABG in diabetic patients with STEMI after PCI.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Admissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 120: 109527, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629953

RESUMO

Excessive formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) impairs voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels in rat coronary artery smooth muscle cells (CSMCs), resulting in weakened Kv-mediated coronary vasodilation. We hypothesized that induction of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway by AGEs plays a significant role in the regulation of Kv channel-mediated vasodilation in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats. Assays of mRNA transcripts, protein expression, and intracellular localization as well as patch-clamp experiments in cultured CSMCs revealed that AGEs significantly induced activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway, reduced Kv1.2/1.5 expression, and inhibited Kv currents. In addition, silencing of the receptor for AGEs (RAGE) or p65 with siRNA and treatment with alagrebrium (ALA) or pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) alleviated the AGE-induced impairment of Kv channels in CSMCs. Compared with Zucker lean (ZL) rats, the amount of AGEs, RAGE protein expression, and NF-κB activity in coronary arteries were higher in ZDF rats; whereas Kv1.2/1.5 expression was significantly lower in ZDF rats. Reduced Kv1.2/1.5 expression in coronary arteries and impaired Kv-mediated coronary relaxation tested by wire myography in ZDF rats were markedly improved by treatment with aminoguanidine (AG), ALA, or PDTC. These effects were accompanied by diminished NF-κB activity, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Taken together, these results indicate that an increased interaction between AGEs and RAGE in diabetic rats leads to impaired Kv channel-mediated coronary vasodilation. Moreover, activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway and a subsequent increase of inflammation and oxidative stress may play an important role in AGE-induced impairment of coronary vasodilation in diabetes.

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