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1.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 829-832, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496529

RESUMO

Regarding the illegal performance of "tooth beauty" and the mal-practice in aesthetic dentistry, the author proposed boycotts and solutions that were making clear of the property and forming professional guidelines, getting supports from administrations by fully communication, enhancing oral health education, promoting self-discipline within professions, and standing firmly on medical profession morals.


Assuntos
Beleza , Estética Dentária
2.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 764-769, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393242

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of base materials on stress distribution in endodontically treated maxillary premolars restored with endocrowns using three-dimensional finite element analysis. METHODS: A maxillary second premolar was scanned by Micro-CT and a three-dimensional finite element model of ceramic endocrown with 1 mm thickness of base was established. A model without base was also established as a negative control. Four kinds of conventional base materials with different elastic modulus were adopted: light cure glass ionomer(3M Vitrebond, 3 657 MPa), flowable composite resin(3M Filtek Z350XT Flowable Restorative, 7 300 MPa), high strength glass ionomer(GC Fuji Ⅸ, 13 130 MPa), and posterior composite resin(3M Filtek P60, 19 700 MPa). With a 200 N force loaded vertically and obliquely, the distribution and magnitude of stress in the tooth tissue and adhesive layer were investigated by three-dimensional finite element analysis. RESULTS: The maximum von Mises stress values(vertical/oblique) in dentin and adhesive layer were measured as follows: (1) no base material: 19.39/70.49 MPa in dentin and 6.97/17.97 MPa in adhesive layer; (2) light cure glass ionomer: 19.00/69.75 MPa in dentin and 6.87/16.30 MPa in adhesive layer; (3) flowable composite resin: 18.78/69.33 MPa in dentin and 6.79/16.17 MPa in adhesive layer; (4) high strength glass ionomer: 18.71/69.20 MPa in dentin and 6.74/16.07 MPa in adhesive layer; (5) posterior composite resin: 18.61/69.03 MPa in dentin and 6.70/16.01 MPa in adhesive layer. Under the same loading condition, models with different elastic moduli of base materials had similar stress distribution patterns. The von Mises stress of tooth tissue was mainly concentrated in the tooth cervix. Under oblique load, the regions where von Mises stress concentrated in were similar to those under a vertical load, but the values increased. The stress concentration in the tooth cervix was alleviated in models with base materials compared with the model without base material. The maximum von Mises stress in the tooth tissue and adhesive layer decreased when the elastic modulus of base materials increased and got close to that of dentin. CONCLUSION: The posterior composite resin of which the elastic moduli is high and close to that of dentin is recommended as base material for premolar endocrowns to alleviate the concentration of stress in tooth cervix and adhesive layer.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Colo do Dente , Dente Pré-Molar , Cerâmica , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Estresse Mecânico , Microtomografia por Raio-X
3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365757

RESUMO

Objective: To analyse the dose-response relationships between the kurtosis metric of noise and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and study the role of kurtosis in the evaluation of NIHL associated with non-Gaussian noise. Methods: From January 2012 to December 2017, a total of 1869 workers in seven manufacturing industries were selected as the study subjects. The basic data of the workers were investigated by questionnaire, personal noise waveform was collected for a long time, and pure tone hearing threshold was tested. The 8-hour continuous equivalent A sound level (L(Aeq, 8 h)) , cumulative noise exposure (CNE) and kurtosis structure indexes were calculated. The dose-response relationships between kurtosis and NIHL were analyzed by stratification analysis method, which controlled the influence of CNE, L(Aeq, 8 h), exposure duration, age and sex on hearing loss using high-frequency noise-induced permanent threshold shift (NIPTS(346)) and high-frequency noise-induced hearing loss (HFNIHL) as outcome indicators. Results: When CNE was <90 dB (A) ·year and ≥100 dB (A) ·year, NIPTS(346) in the extremely high kurtosis group was significantly greater than that in the Gaussian kurtosis, low kurtosis and medium kurtosis group (P<0.05) . In the workers exposed to L(Aeq, 8 h)<85 dB (A) and ≥94 dB (A) , NIPTS(346) in the extremely high kurtosis group was significantly greater than that in the Gaussian kurtosis group (P<0.05) . Among workers under the age of 50 or male workers, NIPTS(346) in the extremely high kurtosis group was significantly greater than that in the Gaussian kurtosis, low kurtosis and medium kurtosis group (P<0.05) . Kurtosis was positively correlated with NIPTS(346) (r=0.121, P<0.05) . When CNE was <100 dB (A) ·year, the detection rate of HFNIHL increased with the increase of kurtosis level (P<0.01) . Logistic regression analysis showed that kurtosis was an important influencing factor for HFNIHL (OR=1.321) . Conclusion: Kurtosis has a dose-response relationship with the detection rate of HFNIHL in noise exposed workers, and noise kurtosis is an influencing factor of NIHL.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional , Exposição Ocupacional , Audição , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Indústria Manufatureira , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(5): 479-484, 2021 May 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904284

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of a digital virtual simulation training system applied in the preclinical teaching of access and coronal cavity preparation. Methods: Twenty dental undergraduate students from Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were recruited and divided randomly and equally into two groups according to the random number method after being unified with theory training, including access and coronal cavity preparation skills assessment form and Simodont system operation manual. Tests for access and coronal cavity preparation skills by using standard simulation plastic teeth were performed and the scores were recorded as baseline for each student. Students in group of virtual simulation priority were trained using Simodont virtual simulation system, while those in group of phantom-simulator priority were trained using conventional phantom-simulator system. Access and coronal cavity preparation skills of standard simulation plastic teeth were assessed once again and recorded as the second scores for the two groups. Furthermore, the two groups of students exchanged training systems and were assessed and graded once more as the third scores. Finally, all students were asked to fill up a Teaching Questionnaire after the training. The data were then collected and analyzed. Results: For the group of virtual simulation priority, after the training by using Simodont virtual simulation system and conventional phantom-simulator system, the mean score of access and coronal cavity preparation (16.00±1.49) was significantly higher than the baseline score (13.30±1.41) (P<0.05). For the group of phantom-simulator priority, after the training by using conventional phantom-simulator system and Simodont virtual simulation system, the mean score of access and coronal cavity preparation (15.60±1.26) was also significantly higher than the baseline score (13.00±1.89) (P<0.05). Furthermore, in the group of virtual simulation priority, of which the students were trained by using Simodont virtual simulation system first and then conventional phantom-simulator system, the score of access and coronal cavity preparation was significantly higher than the score of training by using conventional phantom-simulator system only (14.30±1.77) (P<0.05). In the group of phantom-simulator priority, of which the students were trained by using conventional phantom-simulator system first and then Simodont virtual simulation system, the score of access and coronal cavity preparation was significantly higher than the score of training by using Simodont virtual simulation system only (14.10±1.45) (P<0.05). Moreover, in the group of virtual simulation priority, the score of training by using conventional phantom-simulator system after using Simodont virtual simulation system was significantly higher than that of training by using Simodont virtual simulation system only (P<0.05). The results of the questionnaire showed that the students fully agreed that "the Simodont virtual simulation system has the characteristics of repeatability, multi-dimension and multiple practice, and provides me with more attention to details" [80% (16/20)], however "it needs to be improved and upgraded to be close to the conventiaonl phantom-simulator system" [90% (18/20)]. Conclusions: Compared with using the conventional phantom-simulator system only, the preclinical teaching effectiveness of access and coronal cavity preparation could be effectively improved by using Simodont virtual simulation system combined with the phantom-simulator training system and might influenced by the training sequence.

6.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(3): 288-293, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663161

RESUMO

Epigenetics refers to genetic regulation patterns that gene expressions, which lead to the phenotype variance, are modified in the absence of changes of DNA sequence. Epigenetics mainly includes DNA methylation, histone modification, and non-coding RNA regulation. During the development of the teeth, conventional gene regulation and epigenetics synergistically regulate the spatial and temporal expression of genes, which involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and finally the formation of teeth. Exploration of the epigenetic regulation mechanisms during tooth development can provide multiple clues and ideas for the research of tooth regeneration. This article reviewed the significant roles of epigenetic regulation in tooth development.


Assuntos
Epigênese Genética , Odontogênese , Diferenciação Celular , Metilação de DNA , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Odontogênese/genética
7.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(12): 982-986, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256340

RESUMO

Objective: This observational study was aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Methods: A total of 668 patients with IE, and 7 427 patients with HCM were treated in Fuwai Hospital from August 2006 to December 2018. Among them, 14 patients were diagnosed with HCM and IE. The clinical characteristics of these patients including clinical manifestations, pathogen distribution, echocardiography features, in-hospital treatment and outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The proportion of HCM patients with IE was 0.19%,with the estimated incidence of 0.15/1 000 person-years in HCM patients. Of the 14 patients, 11 patients were male. The most common clinical manifestations were fever and heart murmur, and the main complications were heart failure (12/14) and bacterial embolism (8/14). There were 8 cases (8/14) with positive blood culture, and all causative bacteria were gram positive coccus, in which 5/8 were Streptococcus. The median interventricular septum thickness was (21.2±2.7) mm, and left ventricular outflow obstruction was severe based on echocardiography (Echo) examination. The Echo showed that vegetation was found in all 14 patients and most of the vegetation attached at the anterior leaflet of mitral valve (12/14). The proportions of patients with circulatory embolism (8/14) and valve lesions (12/14) were relatively high. Most cases (10/14) were cured, especially those underwent cardiac surgery (8 cases). The rest 4 cases died with 2 in hospital and 2 after auto-discharge. Conclusions: HCM patients complicated with IE are rare. Septic embolization and valve lesions are common in these patients. IE patients with HCM might have a poor prognosis compared to those without HCM and should receive cardiac surgery as early as possible.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica , Endocardite Bacteriana , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Endocardite Bacteriana/complicações , Endocardite Bacteriana/diagnóstico por imagem , Endocardite Bacteriana/epidemiologia , Feminino , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/complicações , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/microbiologia , Valva Mitral/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(24): 12757-12762, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378024

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to detect the expression levels of plasma microRNA-21 (miRNA-21) and NT-proBNP (N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide) in children with Kawasaki disease (KD), as well as their clinical significance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Children with KD (n=100) who were treated in our hospital from June 2017 to May 2019 were included. In the same period, non-KD children with febrile diseases were included as controls. Plasma levels of miRNA-21 and NT-proBNP were detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and electrochemiluminescence, respectively. Then, the relationship between miRNA-21 and NT-proBNP in children with KD was analyzed by Pearson's correlation test. Potential factors influencing KD were analyzed by Multivariate logistic regression test. Finally, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were depicted to assess the diagnostic potentials of miRNA-21 and NT-proBNP in KD. RESULTS: The results showed that miRNA-21 and NT-proBNP levels were higher in children with KD. Plasma level of miRNA-21 was positively correlated with NT-proBNP level in children with KD. Besides, both miRNA-21 and NT-proBNP were risk factors influencing the onset of KD. According to ROC curves, the sensitivity and specificity of miRNA-21 in diagnosing KD was 83% and 89%, respectively (AUC=0.9212, 95% CI: 0.8809-0.9614, cut-off value=1.985). NT-proBNP also displayed diagnostic potential in KD (AUC=0.9788, 95% CI: 0.9630-0.9946, cut-off value=265.6, sensitivity=88%, specificity=95%). CONCLUSIONS: MiRNA-21 and NT-proBNP are upregulated in plasma of children with KD. They are positively correlated with each other and serve as risk factors for KD. Both of them can be utilized as indicators of auxiliary diagnosis in KD.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/genética , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/genética , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , MicroRNAs/sangue , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/sangue , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(21): 10975-10983, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33215411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Destruction of extracellular matrix (ECM), especially collagen II and aggrecan, is an essential feature of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). This project planned to elucidate the role of cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein-1 (CDMP-1) in the collagen II and aggrecan synthesis of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells under the IL-1ß induced degeneration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We cultured human primary NP cells in the different concentrations of IL-1ß medium and analyzed the CDMP-1 level. Recombinant human CDMP-1 protein was used to co-culture with IL-1ß to investigate its effects on collagen II and aggrecan synthesis of NP cells. Additionally, the bone morphogenetic protein type IB receptor (ALK6) gene silenced and upregulated NP cells were used to evaluate the function of ALK6 in the CDMP-1 treated NP cells. Collagen II, aggrecan, MMP9, MMP13, and TIMP4 expression level were analyzed to assess the ECM stability of NP cells. RESULTS: CDMP-1 gene expression decreased in the IL-1ß treated NP cells with a dose-dependent. Appropriate CDMP-1 protein supplement contributed to the collagen II and aggrecan production, the suppression of MMP9 and MMP13, and the upregulation of TIMP4. However, the silencing of ALK6 rejected the positive function of CDMP-1 on the collagen II and aggrecan; on the contrary, ALK6 upregulation magnified the CDMP-1 induced collagen II and aggrecan production. CONCLUSIONS: CDMP-1 is efficient in promoting the collagen II and aggrecan synthesis of NP cells, which is probably based on the mediation of ALK6.


Assuntos
Agrecanas/biossíntese , Receptores de Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas Tipo I/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo II/biossíntese , Fator 5 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/metabolismo , Núcleo Pulposo/metabolismo , Adulto , Agrecanas/genética , Receptores de Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas Tipo I/genética , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno Tipo II/genética , Feminino , Fator 5 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Núcleo Pulposo/citologia
10.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 755-761, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength of resin composite to glass ceramic, and the effect of surface treatment of resin composite and thermal cycling aging on the microtensile bond strength. METHODS: Rectangular blocks were made with dentin of extracted molars, resin composite or feldspathic glass ceramic respectively. The bonding surfaces of these rectangular blocks were sanded by 600-grit silicon carbide paper before luting. A self-etching resin cement was used as luting agent. The specimens were divided into groups according to the types of substrates of adhesion (dentin/glass ceramic or resin composite/glass ceramic), the way of surface treatments and whether thermal cycling aging ocurred. The dentin blocks were adhered to ceramic blocks as controls (group A1 and A2). The resin composite blocks were adhered to the ceramic blocks as experiment groups. The resin composite surfaces were treated by different ways before luting: no extra surface treatment (group B1 and B2), treated by ethyl methacrylate solution (group C1 and C2) or silane coupling agent (group D1 and D2), coarsened by 360-grit silicon carbide paper (group E1 and E2) or polished by 1 200-grit silicon carbide paper (group F1 and F2). After luting, the microtensile bond strength of the specimens were tested before (group A1-F1) or after (group A2-F2) thermal cycling aging. After microtensile bond strength test, the fracture bonding surfaces of the specimens were observed by a scanning electron microscopy to determine the type of bonding failure. The data were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: The microtensile bond strength of resin composite to glass ceramic with no extra treatment achieved high bond values before and after thermal cycling [B1 (30.02±3.85) MPa, B2 (26.83±3.14) MPa], which were statistically different from those of the control groups [A1 (20.55±4.51) MPa, A2 (12.94±0.69) MPa, P < 0.05]. The microtensile bond strength between the glass ceramic and resin composite did not increase after different surface treatments of resin composite. CONCLUSIONS: The microtensile bond strength between resin composite and glass ceramic achieved as similar bond strength as that between dentin and glass ceramic and even better. Surface treatment of resin composite via methyl methacrylate solution, silane coupling agent, coarsening, or polishing did not increase the microtensile bond strength effectually.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(12): 938-941, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234170

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of present study is to analyze clinical and laboratory features of mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD)-associated trigeminal neuropathy (TN). Methods: Clinical records of 12 cases of MCTD complicated with TN diagnosed in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2008 to October 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The present study included 12 cases, 1 males and 11 females, average age was(40±13)years. TN was developed before the diagosis of MCTD in 1 case. TN and MCTD were occurred simutaneously in 1 case. Raynaud phenomenon (12 cases), arthritis (10cases), edema of fingers (9cases), myositis (6 cases), and pulmonary involvement (11cases) were main cinical feature of MCTD-associate TN. Antinuclear antibody (ANA) and high titer anti-U1-RNP antibody could be detected in serum of all patients. Elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and creatine kinase were found in serum of 7cases and 5cases, respectively. Blink reflex tests were positive in 6 cases. Neurological symptoms improve slowly without any progress by using glucocorticoid combined immunosuppressants or intravenous gamma globulin. Conclusions: TN is often associted with actived MCTD. Positive ANA and anti-U1-RNP antibody were common in MCTD-associated TN. Blink reflex test is essential to diagnose MCTD-associated TN. Intensive treatment of MCTD contributes to control the progress of TN.


Assuntos
Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo , Doença de Raynaud , Doenças do Nervo Trigêmeo , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Neoplasma ; 67(1): 15-26, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607135

RESUMO

Glycogen synthase kinase beta (GSK3ß) is considered as a promising target for lung cancer treatment and its inhibitor lithium chloride (LiCl) is widely regarded as having potent anti-proliferative and apoptosis-modulating activities. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), as an auxiliary protein for DNA polymerase delta, which regulates DNA replication and repair, has been reported to play an important role in regulating apoptosis. Here, we showed that GSK3ß interacted with PCNA in H1299 lung adenocarcinoma cells using GST pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation experiments. We discovered that their interaction can be enhanced within the first 3 h after UVC irradiation and decreased gradually with time. Overexpression of PCNA protein decreased GSK3ß Ser9 phosphorylation, whereas knockdown of PCNA using small interfering RNA (siRNA) increased Ser9 phosphorylated GSK3ß, which was attenuated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002 after UVC irradiation, indicating the involvement of the PI3K-AKT pathway. Functional analyses suggested that downregulation of PCNA sensitized H1299 cells to LiCl-induced apoptosis. Thus, our results unraveled a novel regulatory of GSK3ß by PCNA and provided a promising direction for treatment of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Apoptose , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromonas/farmacologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Morfolinas/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno
13.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(1): 120-125, 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550345

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the wear performance of Giomer and universal composite for posterior restorations by 3D laser scan method, in order to guide the material selection in clinic. METHODS: In this study, 48 patients (108 teeth) were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. All the patients in need of a minimum of 2 Class Ⅰ and/or Class Ⅱ restorations were invited to join the study. The teeth were restored with Giomer (Beautifil Ⅱ, BF) and universal composite (Filtek Z350, Z350) randomly. The restorations were evaluated at baseline and after 6-, 18-, 48-month using the modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria for clinical performance. The in vivo images and gypsum replicas were taken at each recall. A 3D-laser scanner and Geomagic Studio 12 were used to analyze the wear depth quantitatively. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 20.0. RESULTS: After 4 years, 89.6% patients were recalled. The survival rate of both materials was 95.8% (Kaplan-Meier survival analysis). Seven restorations of the two materials failed due to loss of restoration, bulk fracture, secondary caries and pulp necrosis. The wear patterns of restorations were divided into 2 classes. Pattern Ⅰ: occlusal contact areas showed the deepest and fastest wear depth; pattern Ⅱ: the wear depth was slow and uniform. Both materials showed a rapid wear in the first 6 months. Then the wear rate was decreased. The occlusal wear depth after 4 years were (58±22) µm and (54±16) µm for BF group and Z350 group respectively, which were in accordance with the American Dental Association (ADA) guidelines (wear depth for 3 years < 100 µm). No significant differences (P>0.05) were observed between the two groups. Regarding the restorations with wear pattern Ⅰ, the wear depth of BF group was higher than Z350 group at 6- and 48-month (P < 0.05), while there was no significant difference between restorations with wear pattern Ⅱ (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Within the limitation of the study, after 4 years, the survival rate and wear resistance of Giomer met ADA guidelines for tooth-colored restorative materials for posterior teeth. When the two materials were applied in occlusal contact areas, wear resistance of Giomer was slightly lower than universal composite resin. No significant difference was found when they were applied in none of the occlusal contact areas.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Lasers , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Humanos
14.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 721-726, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683377

RESUMO

People are generally more aware of infectious diseases, cardiovascular diseases, trauma and other fatal diseases rather than oral diseases. In fact, the oral disease as a whole is ranked the third among the chronic diseases of human beings. There have been accumulating evidences that oral health plays a significant role in general health and quality of life. There is a wide recognition that oral health shares common risky/pathogenic factors with other Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD). Oral microorganisms may cause dental caries and periodontal diseases, and they may also cause atherosclerosis and heart diseases, thus these usually end up to chronic diseases. On the other hand, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol consumption, psychological stress, poor sanitation, accidents and a sedentary lifestyle contribute to both oral diseases and a number of general chronic diseases. Oral health cannot be dealt with in isolation from other health issues. That is why the WHO recommended the "Common Risk Factor Approach (CRFA)" for oral health promotion. In this article, the authors give essential interpretation of CRFA and make suggestions on preventing and controlling oral diseases via CRFA.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Doenças da Boca , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco
15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(16): 6783-6790, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Traumatic arthritis is one of the most common diseases in orthopedics. LGR4 is involved in bone formation and bone development. However, the role of LGR4 in synovial cells of rats with traumatic osteoarthritis has not been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into the control group and model group. The Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR), Western blot, and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) were used to analyze the expression of LGR4 in synovial tissue and synovial fluid. Synovial cells were isolated and cultured, followed by transfection of LGR4-pcDNA3.1 plasmid into cells. Cell proliferation was analyzed by MTT and EdU assay, and the Caspase-3 activity was assessed using the Caspase-3 activity kit. The secretion of the inflammatory factors interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) was detected by ELISA. NF-κB signaling pathway changes were evaluated by the Western blot. RESULTS: In the model group, LGR4 mRNA expression in synovial tissue was significantly decreased, and the secretion of LGR4 in the synovial fluid was significantly decreased compared with the control group (p<0.05). LGR4 protein expression in the synovial membrane in the model group tissue was reduced. The transfection of LGR4-pcDNA3.1 plasmid into synovial cells promoted the LGR4 expression, inhibited the proliferation of synoviocytes, increased the Caspase-3 activity, the secretion of IL-1, TNF-α, and IL-6, as well as the decreased expression of NF-κB with a statistical significance, compared with the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: LGR4 expression is reduced in the rat model of traumatic osteoarthritis. The upregulation of LGR4 expression can inhibit the secretion of the inflammatory factors and inhibit the proliferation of the synovial cells by regulating NF-κB signaling pathway, which may alleviate the development of the joint inflammation.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Fatores Imunológicos/imunologia , Osteoartrite/imunologia , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Sinoviócitos/imunologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fatores Imunológicos/genética , Interleucina-1/genética , Interleucina-1/imunologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Masculino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Sinoviócitos/metabolismo , Sinoviócitos/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189236

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effects of different holding gun methods and gun weight on health when standing guard, and propose a way to support the health of long-term standing guard soldiers. Methods: We created different percentile mannequins by Classic JACK, and adjusted the standing guard posture based on its standards for soldiers. The pressure on lumbar L4/L5 and moment on ankles and knees were analysied for different holding gun methods and gun weight. Then the mathematical models of joint load, gun weight and body mass index were studied by multiple regression analysis. Results: Holding gun methods and gun weight influence the force characteristics on ankles, knees and lumbar L4/L5. Holding gun with a brace and hands applying downward force -2 kgf could significantly reduce lumbar L4/L5 pressure. When the hand force is -5, -3, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2 kgf, and the weight of the gun is 0, Lumbar vertebrae L4/L5 joint pressure of people with different body mass index(P(1), P(5), P(55), P(95), P(99)) are the smallest, respectively 269, 281, 321, 408, 444 N, and the same change trend occurs when the weight of the gun is 2, 4, and 8 kg.The moment on ankles and knees were less with the same holding gun method and the hands downward force ranged from 0 to -4 kgf, and the higher the body mass index is, the more the hands downward force needed to make the moment on ankles and knees zero. That is, the moment on ankles could be zero when the hands downward force ranged from -1 to -3 kgf, the moment on knees could be zero when the hands downward force ranged from -1.1 to -3.7 kgf. Conclusion: To reduce the pressure on lumbar L4/L5 and moment on ankles and knees, so as to cut down occupational risk of long-standing operation, we advise the long-term standing guard soldiers holding gun with a brace and hands applying downward force -2 kgf.


Assuntos
Ergonomia , Armas de Fogo , Militares , Postura , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Pressão , Suporte de Carga
17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(4): 278-283, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060186

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the short-term outcome of patients with acute myocardial infarction complicating cardiogenic shock due to left main disease. Methods: A total of 24 patients with acute myocardial infarction complicating cardiogenic shock due to left main artery disease hospitalized in Fuwai hospital from June 2012 to May 2018 were included. The clinical data were analyzed,and the patients were divided into survivor group (11 cases) and death group (13 cases) according to survival status at 28 days post the diagnosis of shock. The patients were further divided into thrombolysis in myocardial infarction(TIMI) flow grade 0-2 group (11 cases) and TIMI flow grade 3 group (13 cases) according to TIMI flow grade after the procedure. The patients were then divided into non-three-vessel lesions group (14 cases) and three-vessel lesions group (10 cases) according to coronary angiography results. Results: Compared with survivor group, patients in death group presented with lower worst systolic blood pressure within 24 hours after admission (50(48, 70) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. 73(70, 80) mmHg, P<0.01), lower worst diastolic blood pressure with in 24 hours after admission ((33.5±12.4) mmHg vs. (48.9±9.4) mmHg, P<0.01), higher respiratory rates ((27.3±2.5) times/min vs. (21.5±4.0) times/min, P<0.01), less 24 hours urine output ((422±266) ml vs. (1 680±863) ml, P<0.01), lower platelet counts ((161.9±81.9)×10(9)/L vs. (241.6±94.0)×10(9)/L, P=0.03), higher serum creatinine ((250.0±36.8) µmol/L vs. (132.7±34.2) µmol/L, P<0.01), higher alanine aminotransferase (288(76,846) IU/ml vs. 81(42, 109) IU/ml, P=0.04), lower artery pH (7.11±0.17 vs. 7.39±0.09, P<0.01), higher lactic acid ((10.29±3.62) mmol/L vs. (4.21±2.85) mmol/L, P<0.01), higher incidence of invasive ventilation (7/13 vs. 2/11, P=0.02), higher scores of acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) Ⅱ (35.4±6.8 vs. 18.7±1.7, P<0.01) and simplified acute physiology score (SAPS) Ⅱ (73.5±17.4 vs. 47.0±4.3, P<0.01), and higher incidence of target vessel TIMI flow grade 0-2 (10/13 vs. 1/11, P<0.01). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that survival rate at 28 days post the diagnosis of shock in TIMI flow grade 3 group was higher than that in TIMI flow grade 0-2 group (76.9% vs. 9.1%, log-rank test, P<0.01), and mortality rate was similar at 28 days post the diagnosis of shock between non-three-vessel lesions group and three-vessel lesions group (35.7% vs. 60.0%, log-rank test, P=0.14). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with TIMI flow grade 0-2 group, the OR value of death at 28 days post the diagnosis of shock in TIMI flow grade 3 patients with acute myocardial infarction complicating cardiogenic shock due to left main disease was 0.030(95%CI 0.003-0.340, P<0.01). Conclusion: Short-term outcomeof patients with acute myocardial infarction complicating cardiogenic shock due to left main disease remains poor, and final flow of TIMI grade 3 is confirmed as independent protective factor of death at 28 days post the diagnosis of shock in these patients.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Choque Cardiogênico
18.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(4): 297-304, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060189

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) and global registry of acute coronary events (GRACE) risk scores for in-hospital mortality in Chinese non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients. Methods: Data of present study derived from the prospective, multi-center registry trial of Chinese AMI (CAMI). Among 31 provinces, municipalities or autonomous districts in China, at least one tertiary and secondary hospital was selected. From January 2013 to September 2014, 5 896 consecutive non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients who were admitted to 107 hospitals within 7 days of symptom onset were enrolled. For each patient, TIMI and GRACE risk scores were calculated using specific variables collected at admission. Their prognostic value was evaluated by the endpoint of in-hospital mortality. Results: Among 5 896 NSTEMI patients (age was (65.4±12.1) years old), 68.2% (n=4 020) were males. The in-hospital mortality was 6.0% (n=353) and the median length of hospital stay was 10.0 (7.0, 13.0) days. The incidence of pre-hospital cardiac arrest was 3.6% (n=213) among 5 896 NSTEMI patients. Six hundreds and forty five patients (10.9%) received primary percutaneous coronary intervention, and 6 patients underwent emergent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (0.1%), and the median time of reperfusion was 529.5 (256.0, 1 065.0) minutes. The prescription percentage of statins, ß-blocker, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin Ⅱ receptor blockers, and aldosterone antagonists were 94.8% (n=5 587), 71.7% (n=4 228), 65.5% (n=3 864) and 26.0% (n=1 533) respectively. The area under the curve of GRACE risk score for in-hospital mortality (0.7930 (95%CI 0.767-0.818)) was better than that of TIMI risk score (0.5588 (95%CI 0.532-0.586), P<0.001). Conclusion: GRACE risk score demonstrates better predictive accuracy than TIMI risk score for in-hospital mortality in NSTEMI patients in this patient cohort.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Hospitalar , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Medição de Risco , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros
19.
Curr Oncol ; 25(5): e411-e422, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30464692

RESUMO

Background: Malnutrition is a common and critical problem that influences outcome in cancer patients. Body composition reflects a patient's metabolic profile and physiologic reserves, which might be the true determinant of prognosis. In the present study, which aimed to identify valuable new prognostic indicators, we investigated the association between computed tomography-quantified body composition and short-term outcomes after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Methods: Skeletal muscle index, mean muscle attenuation, and ratio of visceral-to-subcutaneous adipose tissue area (vsr) were calculated from preoperative computed tomography images. Low skeletal muscle index, low mean muscle attenuation, and high vsr were respectively termed "sarcopenia," "myosteatosis," and "visceral obesity." The association of body composition with postoperative complications and serum markers of nutrition and inflammation after radical gastrectomy were analyzed. Results: The overall complication rate was significantly higher in the sarcopenia (62.5% vs. 27.3%, p = 0.001) and myosteatosis groups (38.2% vs. 4%, p = 0.002). Patients with visceral obesity had a higher incidence of inflammatory complications (20.3% vs. 6.5%, p = 0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that sarcopenia (p = 0.013), myosteatosis (p = 0.017), and low serum retinol-binding protein (p = 0.019) were independent risk factors for overall complications. Compared with control subjects, patients with sarcopenia had lower postoperative levels of serum retinol-binding protein (p = 0.007), and patients with visceral obesity had higher levels of C-reactive protein (p = 0.026). Conclusions: Sarcopenia, myosteatosis, and visceral obesity were significantly associated with increased rates of postoperative complications and affected the postoperative nutrition and inflammation status of patients with gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Composição Corporal , Gastrectomia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Obesidade Abdominal/sangue , Obesidade Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Obesidade Abdominal/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Proteínas de Ligação ao Retinol/análise , Sarcopenia/sangue , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcopenia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/sangue , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Laryngol Otol ; 132(10): 875-880, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30226116

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the morphology and dimensions of the vestibular aqueduct on axial, single-oblique and double-oblique computed tomography images. METHODS: The computed tomography temporal bone scans of 112 patients were retrospectively evaluated. Midpoint and opercular measurements were performed using axial, single-oblique and double-oblique images. Morphometric analyses were also conducted. The vestibular aqueduct sizes on axial, single-oblique and double-oblique images were compared. RESULTS: At the midpoint, the mean (± standard deviation) vestibular aqueduct measured 0.61 ± 0.23 mm, 0.74 ± 0.27 mm and 0.82 ± 0.38 mm on axial, single-oblique and double-oblique images, respectively; at the operculum, the vestibular aqueduct measured 0.91 ± 0.30 mm, 1.11 ± 0.45 mm and 1.66 ± 1.07 mm on the respective images. The co-efficients of variation of the vestibular aqueduct measured at the midpoint were 37.4 per cent, 36.5 per cent and 47.5 per cent on axial, single-oblique and double-oblique images, respectively; at the operculum, the measurements were 33.0 per cent, 40.5 per cent and 64.5 per cent. Regarding morphology, the vestibular aqueduct was fissured (33.5 per cent), tubular (64.3 per cent) or invisible (2.2 per cent). CONCLUSION: The morphology and dimensions of the vestibular aqueduct were highly variable among axial, single-oblique and double-oblique images.


Assuntos
Osso Temporal/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Aqueduto Vestibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Vestibulares/diagnóstico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Doenças Vestibulares/diagnóstico por imagem
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