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1.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 5281251, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32280690

RESUMO

Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) is widely known as a key regulator of lipid metabolism. We investigated the relationship between ANGPTL4 expression in serum or urine and blood lipid or urine protein levels of patients with hyperlipidemia- (HL-) related proteinuria. Sixty-eight patients with HL-related proteinuria (HL-Pro group), 68 patients with HL without proteinuria (HL-NPro group), 46 patients with non-HL-related proteinuria (NHL-Pro group), and 50 healthy control (Con) subjects were selected. There were no significant differences in serum ANGPTL4 levels between the Con group (36.82 ± 17.03 ng/ml) and the HL-Pro group (27.94 (18.90, 53.72) ng/ml). Additionally, the serum ANGPTL4 levels in the HL-Pro group were significantly lower than those in the HL-NPro group (53.32 ± 24.01 ng/ml) (P < 0.001). The urine ANGPTL4/Cr levels in the HL-Pro group (52.01 (45.25, 79.79) µg/g) were significantly higher than those in the HL-NPro group (9.96 (8.35, 12.43) ng/ml) (P < 0.05). A significant alteration in urine ANGPTL4/Cr levels was observed in the NHL-Pro group (69.41 ± 55.36 µg/g) and the Con group (10.08 ± 2.38 µg/g) as well. There was no correlation between serum and urine ANGPTL4 levels of the four groups (P > 0.05). Serum ANGPTL4 levels (HL-Pro/HL-NPro group) were positively correlated with total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels in hyperlipidemia patients. However, there was no correlation between urinary ANGPTL4 levels and TC or TG (P > 0.05). Urine ANGPTL4 levels were positively correlated with 24hUPro in patients with renal impairment (HL-Pro/NHL-Pro group). To summarize, ANGPTL4 may be considered an accurate predictor of proteinuria with HL. Notably, serum or urine ANGPTL4 levels indicated the degree of proteinuria or hyperlipidemia, respectively, in HL patients.

2.
Nanoscale ; 12(11): 6489-6497, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32154542

RESUMO

A multifunctional plasmonic gold chip has been constructed for early diagnosis and highly effective killing of bacteria, which is critical for human health. The chip features high bacterial capture efficiency, plasmon-enhanced fluorescence (PEF) and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and can act as a highly sensitive sensor for dual-mode bacteria imaging and detection (down to 102 CFU mL-1) with good reliability and accuracy. The developed assay can distinguish Gram-positive S. aureus bacteria from Gram-negative E. coli bacteria, providing valuable information for therapy. Importantly, the chip presents excellent photothermal antibacterial activity (98%) and can inactivate both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in situ. Furthermore, the chip was used to effectively promote the wound healing process in bacteria infected mice in vivo, showing great potential for antibacterial applications.

4.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 56(3)2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183249

RESUMO

In this paper we introduce a mechanistic model through which exercise may enhance episodic memory, specifically via attenuating proactive and retroactive memory interference. We discuss the various types of memory, different stages of memory function, review the mechanisms behind forgetting, and the mechanistic role of exercise in facilitating pattern separation (to attenuate memory interference).

5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3285, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32094399

RESUMO

A waste biomass based hydrogel soybean residue-poly(acrylic acid) (SR-PAA) was prepared through a fast one-step reaction by UV radiation technology. SR-PAA was used to remove Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions. Effect of pH value, temperature, initial concentration, contact time, competitive ions in the solutions on metal ions adsorption and desorption/regeneration capacity of SR-PAA was discussed in detailed. It was found that the adsorption equilibrium was achieved within 20 min, and maximum adsorption for Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions were 1.43 and 2.04 mmol g-1, respectively. Besides, adsorption thermodynamic analysis indicates that the process of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions adsorption was spontaneous, feasible and exothermic in nature. And experimental data fitted the pseudo-second-order and Freundlich isotherm model well. Moreover, XPS spectra analysis proves that the metal ions were adsorbed on SR-PAA due to the interaction of carboxyl, hydroxyl and amine with these ions as ionic bond, coordination bond and electrostatic interaction.

6.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 277(4): 1089-1094, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020313

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the application value of continuous suture of the inferior turbinate in inferior turbinate submucosal bone resection. METHODS: Twenty patients with chronic hypertrophic rhinitis with or without nasal septum deviation underwent inferior turbinate submucosal bone resection with or without septoplasty. The inferior turbinate was continuously sutured with or without nasal septum suture after surgery. The nasal cavity was not packed. The postoperative clinical outcome was evaluated using visual analog scales (VASs), saccharin test, nasal endoscopy, and nasal resistance test. Postoperative complications were recorded. RESULTS: All 20 endoscopic surgeries were successfully performed. One day after surgery, the VAS scores of nasal pain (1.3 ± 0.5), headache (0.8 ± 0.4), tearing (0.3 ± 0.3), and bleeding (0.3 ± 0.3) in patients were low; 1 week after surgery, the nasal mucociliary transport time was not significantly prolonged compared to that before surgery (P > 0.05); 1 month after surgery, the symptoms of nasal congestion had improved significantly, as the VAS score for nasal congestion was lower than that before surgery (P < 0.05); the volume of the hypertrophied inferior turbinate of all patients was reduced, the mucous membrane was smooth and rosy, the nasal septum was centrally located, and the total nasal resistance values at 150 Pa pressure had returned to the normal reference range (0.282 ± 0.103 Pa/cm3/s); no complications such as bleeding, nasal infection, nasal dryness, and olfactory disorders occurred. CONCLUSION: After inferior turbinate submucosal bone resection with or without septoplasty, inferior turbinate continuous suture with or without nasal septum suture instead of nasal packing can significantly improve postoperative discomfort, improve nasal ventilation, protect nasal function, and accelerate postoperative recovery.

7.
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol ; 318(5): C879-C888, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023074

RESUMO

Hippocampal network oscillations at gamma frequency band (γ-oscillation, 20-80 Hz) are synchronized synaptic activities generated by the interactions between the excitatory and inhibitory interneurons and are associated with higher brain function such as learning and memory. Despite extensive studies about the modulation of intracellular kinases on synaptic transmission and plasticity, little is known about the effects of these kinases on γ-oscillations. In this study, we examined the effects of several critical intracellular kinases such as cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt, protein kinase C (PKC), extracellular-regulated protein kinases (ERK) and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), known to regulate synaptic transmission, on hippocampal γ-oscillations in vitro. We found that AMPK inhibitor but not PKA, PKC, or ERK inhibitor, strongly enhanced the power of γ-oscillation (γ-power) and that Akt inhibitor weakly increased γ-power. Western blot analysis confirmed that AMPK inhibitor reduced the expression of p-AMPK but not total AMPK. By using the slice whole cell voltage-clamp technique, we found that AMPK inhibitor increased the frequency but not amplitude of spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSC) and had no effect on either frequency or amplitude of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSC). Therefore, AMPK activation negatively modulates hippocampal γ-oscillation via modulation of the inhibitory neurons.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of long-term Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) practice on practitioners' brain functional specialization compare with the TCC novices. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A psychology Institute. PARTICIPANTS: TCC practitioners (N=22) (52.4±6.8y; 7 men; educated years: 12.18±3.03y) and 18 healthy adults (54.8±6.8y; 8 men; education years: 11.78±2.90y) matched by age, sex, and education were enrolled. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning and cognitive test to measure the differences in functional specialization and cognitive function. Functional specialization was evaluated by voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) method. RESULTS: Lower middle frontal gyrus VMHC in TCC practitioners compared to controls. For TCC practitioners, the longer they practice, the lower their VMHC in precentral and precuneus. TCC practitioners showed better cognition performance. CONCLUSIONS: Changed VMHC indicated that TCC practice could enhance functional specialization in the middle frontal cortex of practitioners, which may be associated with higher-order cognitive ability.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18921, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that the potential functional polymorphism R47H in triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) is associated with several neurodegenerative diseases, however, the results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the association between TREM2 R47H and the risk for 3 typical neurodegenerative diseases: Alzheimer disease (AD), Parkinson disease (PD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: A literature review was carried out using PubMed, Medline, and Embase. Data analysis was conducted using Stata 15.0 software. The pooled odds ratio (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 35 articles were identified as eligible: 22 on AD, 3 on ALS, 7 on PD, 2 on AD and ALS, and 1 on ALS and PD. The AD set included 23,092 cases and 30,920 controls, the ALS set included 7391 cases and 12,442 controls, and the PD set included 8498 patients and 9161 controls. We found that R47H was associated with an increased risk of AD in the total pooled population (P < .001, OR = 4.02, 95% CI = 3.15-5.13). However, this significant difference existed for Caucasian people (OR = 4.16, 95% CI = 3.24-5.33) but not for Asian or African people. Moreover, we did not find any significant differences in minor allele frequency distribution between the PD and control groups or between the ALS and control groups, not only for the total pooled population but also for the subgroups of different ethnicities. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that R47H in the TREM2 gene leads to an increased risk for developing AD, but not for ALS and PD, which adds evidence to the notion that diverse pathogenesis may be involved in different neurogenerative diseases.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético
10.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 412(3): 611-620, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900539

RESUMO

Infections caused by foodborne microorganisms are a great threat to the global environment and public healthcare today. Thus, rapid, portable and sensitive assays that can realize the identification of foodborne bacteria are highly desired. In this study, a smart fluorescent and colorimetric dual-readout sensing system has been established for simple and rapid E. coli determination by utilizing the Cu2+-triggered oxidation of o-phenylenediamine (OPD). Initially, Cu2+ can oxidize OPD to OPDox, resulting in an orange-yellow fluorescence and visible pale-yellow color. However, E. coli can effectively reduce Cu2+ into Cu+, inhibiting the Cu2+-triggered oxidation of OPD to OPDox. Consequently, the introduction of E. coli can turn off both the fluorescence and the UV-vis absorbance signals of the OPD-Cu2+ system, illustrating an original mechanism for fluorescent and colorimetric dual-channel detection of E. coli. Moreover, a filter paper-based visual sensor was built and coupled with OPD-Cu2+ solution under the assistance of a UV lamp. The as-prepared sensor can detect E. coli quantitatively with the help of a typical smartphone color-scanning application (APP). Thus, this study offers a valid dual-mode assay for sensitive and on-site visible detection of E. coli, guaranteeing the reliability of the results and is more attractive for practical use. Graphical Abstract Schematic illustration of the smartphone-integrated sensing system for fluorescent and colorimetric dual-channel detection of E. coli based on the Cu2+-OPD system.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Colorimetria/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Papel , Smartphone , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Integração de Sistemas , Bactérias/patogenicidade , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta/métodos
11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 250: 112429, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812644

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Reduning injection (RDN), a patented traditional Chinese medicine, has the obvious antipyretic effect and has been widely used in China. Although some previous studies proved its antipyretic effect by animal efficacy experiment or clinical observation, its holistic mechanism in vivo was still unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To comprehensively elucidate the antipyretic mechanism of RDN, the investigation of fever-related potential biomarkers and metabolic pathways in the rat fever model is described in this paper. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rat fever model was established by dry yeast. A large number of endogenous metabolites in serum and urine were detected by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS, and fever-related potential biomarkers were screened and identified by multivariate analysis and metabolite databases. The reliability and biological significance of the largely disturbed biomarkers was verified by the metabolic network and the correlation with pharmacodynamic indicators, which contained IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, PGE2 and cAMP. RESULTS: The established UPLC-Q-TOF/MS analytical method afforded satisfactory results in terms of precision, repeatability and stability, which met the requirements of biological sample determination. A total of 32 potential biomarkers associated with fever were screened and identified, among which 22 species could be adjusted by RDN. The metabolism pathway analysis revealed that valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis, and sphingolipid metabolism were greatly disturbed. Their biomarkers involved L-leucine, L-valine, sphinganine and phytosphingosine, all of which showed a callback trend after RDN was given. These 4 biomarkers had a certain correlation with some known fever-related small molecules and pharmacodynamic indicators, which indicated that the selected fever-related biomarkers had certain reliability and biological significance. CONCLUSIONS: RDN has a good regulation of the metabolic disorder of endogenous components in dry yeast-induced fever rats. Its antipyretic mechanism is mainly related to the regulation of amino acid, lipid and energy metabolism. The study is useful to better understand and analyze the pharmacodynamic mechanism of complex systems, such as traditional Chinese medicine.

13.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 179: 113028, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835126

RESUMO

Members of the genus Rhodiola L. have been widely used in Tibetan medicines for preventing and treating acute mountain sickness (AMS) for a long time. However, the pharmacological mechanisms of these medicines in treating AMS remain unclear. To address this problem, an integrative method combining ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF-MS/MS)analysis and network pharmacology was employed. First, the chemical profiles of Dazhu Hongjingtian (DZ, a Chinese medicine preparation composed of R. kirilowii (Regel) Maxim) were identified or tentatively characterized. Second, the targets of DZ were predicted using the SwissTargetPrediction and STITCH databases; the targets of AMS were also collected from the Drugbank and TTD databases. Then, networks between targets and compounds or diseases were constructed by Cytoscape 3.6.1. Third, GO and pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID). As a result, 40 ingredients of 53 compounds in DZ might be biologically active. These activities were related to the regulatory effects of the ingredients on 68 significant signaling pathways, such as the inflammation pathway, apoptosis pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, and others, by targeting 33 proteins, including PTGS2 and PTGS1, ALOX5 and ALOX15, BCL2 and BCL2L1, the protein kinase C (PKC) family and HIF1A, among others.

14.
Dev Cell ; 51(6): 675-683.e4, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813798

RESUMO

The esophagus and trachea arise from the dorsal and ventral aspects of the anterior foregut, respectively. Abnormal trachea-esophageal separation leads to the common birth defect esophageal atresia with or without trachea-esophageal fistula (EA/TEF). Yet the underlying cellular mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we combine Xenopus and mouse genetic models to identify that the transcription factor Isl1 orchestrates trachea-esophageal separation through modulating a specific epithelial progenitor cell population (midline epithelial cells [MECs], Isl1+ Nkx2.1+ Sox2+) located at the dorsal-ventral boundary of the foregut. Lineage tracing experiments show that MECs contribute to both tracheal and esophageal epithelium, and Isl1 is required for Nkx2.1 transcription in MECs. Deletion of the chromosomal region spanning the ISL1 gene has been found in patients with abnormal trachea-esophageal separation. Our studies thus provide definitive evidence that ISL1 is a critical player in the process of foregut morphogenesis, acting in a small progenitor population of boundary cells.

15.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 365, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inner ear supporting cells (SCs) in the neonatal mouse cochlea are a potential source for hair cell (HC) regeneration, but several studies have shown that the regeneration ability of SCs decreases dramatically as mice age and that lost HCs cannot be regenerated in adult mice. To better understand how SCs might be better used to regenerate HCs, it is important to understand how the gene expression profile changes in SCs at different ages. METHODS: Here, we used Sox2GFP/+ mice to isolate the Sox2+ SCs at postnatal day (P)3, P7, P14, and P30 via flow cytometry. Next, we used RNA-seq to determine the transcriptome expression profiles of P3, P7, P14, and P30 SCs. To further analyze the relationships between these age-related and differentially expressed genes in Sox2+ SCs, we performed gene ontology (GO) analysis. RESULTS: Consistent with previous reports, we also found that the proliferation and HC regeneration ability of isolated Sox2+ SCs significantly decreased as mice aged. We identified numerous genes that are enriched and differentially expressed in Sox2+ SCs at four different postnatal ages, including cell cycle genes, signaling pathway genes, and transcription factors that might be involved in regulating the proliferation and HC differentiation ability of SCs. We thus present a set of genes that might regulate the proliferation and HC regeneration ability of SCs, and these might serve as potential new therapeutic targets for HC regeneration. CONCLUSIONS: In our research, we found several genes that might play an important role in regulating the proliferation and HC regeneration ability of SCs. These datasets are expected to serve as a resource to provide potential new therapeutic targets for regulating the ability of SCs to regenerate HCs in postnatal mammals.

16.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 3437104, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827376

RESUMO

Exposure to diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) has been associated with increased incidence of cardiopulmonary diseases. This study is aimed at examining the proinflammatory effects of DEP on primary human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and the underlying mechanisms using a human mononuclear cell line, THP-1. DEPs were incubated with the PBMC and THP-1 cells for 24 h, respectively. The supernatants were collected and subjected to measurement of proinflammatory mediators including interleukin 8 (IL-8) or tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) by ELISA. Levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined using flow cytometry. Phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was examined with immunoblotting. Exposure to DEP induced a concentration-dependent increase in the expression of IL-8 and TNFα in the PBMC and THP-1 cells. Further mechanistic studies with THP-1 cells indicated that DEP stimulation increased intracellular levels of ROS, an indicator of oxidative stress, and phosphorylation of the EGFR, indicative of EGFR activation. Pretreatment of THP-1 cells with the antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) markedly blunted DEP-induced EGFR phosphorylation, indicating that oxidative stress was involved in DEP-induced EGFR activation. Furthermore, the pretreatment of THP-1 cells with either NAC or a selective EGFR inhibitor significantly blocked DEP-induced IL-8 expression, implying that oxidative stress and subsequent EGFR activation mediated DEP-induced inflammatory response. In summary, DEP stimulation increases the expression of proinflammatory mediators in human mononuclear cells, which is regulated by oxidative stress-EGFR signaling pathway.

17.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 12: 264, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780893

RESUMO

Ototoxic drug-induced hair cell (HC) damage is one of the main causes of sensorineural hearing loss, which is one of the most common sensory disorders in humans. Aminoglycoside antibiotics are common ototoxic drugs, and these can cause the accumulation of intracellular oxygen free radicals and lead to apoptosis in HCs. Fasudil is a Rho kinase inhibitor and vasodilator that has been widely used in the clinic and has been shown to have neuroprotective effects. However, the possible application of fasudil in protecting against aminoglycoside-induced HC loss and hearing loss has not been investigated. In this study, we investigated the ability of fasudil to protect against neomycin-induced HC loss both in vitro and in vivo. We found that fasudil significantly reduced the HC loss in cochlear whole-organ explant cultures and reduced the cell death of auditory HEI-OC1 cells after neomycin exposure in vitro. Moreover, we found that fasudil significantly prevented the HC loss and hearing loss of mice in the in vivo neomycin damage model. Furthermore, we found that fasudil could significantly inhibit the Rho signaling pathway in the auditory HEI-OC1 cells after neomycin exposure, thus further reducing the neomycin-induced accumulation of reactive oxygen species and subsequent apoptosis in HEI-OC1 cells. This study suggests that fasudil might contribute to the increased viability of HCs after neomycin exposure by inhibition of the Rho signaling pathway and suggests a new therapeutic target for the prevention of aminoglycoside-induced HC loss and hearing loss.

18.
Stem Cell Res ; 41: 101661, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759290

RESUMO

Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected from a 6-year-old female child who was clinically diagnosed as primary nephrotic syndrome (NS) with hormone resistance. An iPSC line was successfully established by the Sendai-virus (SeV) delivery system. The iPS-19 (GSPHi001-A) expressed pluripotent markers, exhibited a normal karyotype and differentiated towards three germ layers. The iPSC line might offer a potentially useful tool for investigating mechanisms of primary NS, drug testing and gene therapy studies.

19.
Langmuir ; 35(47): 15131-15136, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682456

RESUMO

The synthesis of intermetallic antimonides usually depends on either the high-temperature alloying technique from high-purity metals or the flux method in highly poisonous Pb-melt. In this paper, we introduced a soft-chemical method to synthesize intermetallic antimonides from ternary chalcogenide precursors under an argon atmosphere below 200 °C. Powder X-ray diffraction and compositional analysis clearly indicate that a new phase of the Ag3Sb nanocrystal was synthesized from the Ag3SbS3 precursors. Three types of trialkylphosphines (TAPs) were applied as desulfurization agents, and the transformation mechanism was elucidated. The capability of the desulfurization agent follows the sequence of triphenylphosphine (TPP) > tributylphosphine (TBP) > trioctylphosphine (TOP). Besides, this TAP-driven desulfurization route to synthesize the intermetallic phase could also be possible for AgSbSe2 and Sb2S3. Therefore, this paper provides an efficient and mild technique for the fabrication of intermetallic nanocrystals.

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