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1.
Dis Model Mech ; 16(5)2023 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35855640

RESUMO

When pathological hypertrophy progresses to heart failure (HF), the prognosis is often very poor. Therefore, it is crucial to find new and effective intervention targets. Here, myocardium-specific Trim44 knockout rats were generated using CRISPR-Cas9 technology. Cardiac phenotypic observations revealed that Trim44 knockout affected cardiac morphology at baseline. Rats with Trim44 deficiency exhibited resistance to cardiac pathological changes in response to stimulation via isoproterenol (ISO) treatment, including improvement of cardiac remodeling and dysfunction by morphological and functional observations, reduced myocardial fibrosis and reduced expression of molecular markers of cardiac stress. Furthermore, signal transduction validation associated with growth and hypertrophy development in vivo and in vitro demonstrated that Trim44 deficiency inhibited the activation of signaling pathways involved in myocardial hypertrophy, especially response to pathological stress. In conclusion, the present study indicates that Trim44 knockout attenuates ISO-induced pathological cardiac remodeling through blocking the AKT/mTOR/GSK3ß/P70S6K signaling pathway. This is the first study to demonstrate the function and importance of Trim44 in the heart at baseline and under pathological stress. Trim44 could be a novel therapeutic target for prevention of cardiac hypertrophy and HF.


Assuntos
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Remodelação Ventricular , Animais , Cardiomegalia/genética , Isoproterenol/metabolismo , Isoproterenol/farmacologia , Isoproterenol/uso terapêutico , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia
2.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 961898, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091440

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the regeneration potential of periodontitis tissue treated by low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) combined with the guided tissue regeneration (GTR) technique in a beagle model of furcation involvement (FI). Background: Achieving predictable regeneration remains a clinical challenge for periodontitis tissue due to the compromised regenerative potential caused by chronic inflammation stimulation. LIPUS, an FDA-approved therapy for long bone fracture and non-unions, has been demonstrated effective in the in vitro attenuation of inflammation-induced dysfunction of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs), the key cells contributing to periodontal regeneration. However, the in vivo effect of LIPUS on periodontitis tissue is rarely reported. Methods: A beagle model of FI was established, and the experimental teeth were randomly assigned into three groups: control group, GTR group, and GTR+LIPUS group. Radiographic examinations were performed, and clinical periodontal parameters were recorded to reflect the periodontal condition of different groups. Histological analyses using H&E and Masson's staining were conducted to evaluate the periodontal tissue regeneration. Results: LIPUS could enhance new periodontal bone formation and bone matrix maturity in FI after GTR treatment. Moreover, clinical assessment and histomorphometric analyses revealed less inflammatory infiltration and superior vascularization within bone grafts in the LIPUS treatment group, indicating the anti-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic effects of LIPUS in FI. Conclusion: Our investigation on a large animal model demonstrated that LIPUS is a promising adjunctive approach for the regeneration of periodontitis tissue, paving a new avenue for LIPUS application in the field of periodontal regenerative medicine.

3.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 421, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating articles demonstrate that circular RNAs play pivotal functions in tumorigenesis. However, the working mechanism of circ_0136666 in osteosarcoma (OS) progression remains to be further clarified. METHODS: Real time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot assay were applied to determine RNA and protein expression, respectively. Cell proliferation was assessed by 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine assay and colony formation assay. Transwell assays were carried out to assess cell migration and invasion abilities. Flow cytometry was performed to analyze cell apoptosis. Cell glycolysis was evaluated by analyzing the uptake of glucose and the production of lactate using the corresponding kits. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and biotinylated RNA-pull down assay were performed to confirm the target interaction between microRNA-1244 (miR-1244) and circ_0136666 or centrosomal protein 55 (CEP55). Xenograft tumor model was utilized to explore the role of circ_0136666 in tumor growth in vivo. RESULTS: Circ_0136666 expression was prominently elevated in OS tissues and cell lines. Circ_0136666 absence restrained the proliferation, migration, invasion and glycolytic metabolism and promoted the apoptosis of OS cells. Circ_0136666 negatively regulated miR-1244 expression by binding to it in OS cells. MiR-1244 overexpression suppressed the malignant behaviors of OS cells. CEP55 was a target of miR-1244 in OS cells. Circ_0136666 positively regulated CEP55 expression partly by sequestering miR-1244 in OS cells. CEP55 overexpression largely reversed circ_0136666 silencing-mediated influences in OS cells. Circ_0136666 silencing significantly suppressed tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: Circ_0136666 silencing inhibited OS progression partly by targeting miR-1244/CEP55 signaling. Silencing circ_0136666 and CEP55 or restoring miR-1244 level might be a potential therapeutic strategy for OS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , MicroRNAs , Osteossarcoma , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Glucose , Humanos , Lactatos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/patologia , RNA Circular/genética
4.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 971414, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119741

RESUMO

Background: Soluble programmed cell death-ligand 1 (sPD-L1) has been well documented to activate immunosuppression and is considered an essential predictor of negative clinical outcomes for several malignances and inflammatory conditions. However, the clinical significance of sPD-L1 in the peripheral blood of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the correlations of sPD-L1 with clinical features in CAD patients and evaluate the diagnostic value of this protein in CAD. Methods: A total of 111 CAD patients and 97 healthy volunteers who served as healthy controls (HCs) were consecutively enrolled. Plasma levels of sPD-L1 were measured with an amplified enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and hs-CRP was measured with a C-reactive protein assay kit. The levels of other inflammatory cytokines were assessed in 88 CAD patients and 47 HCs by a multiparameter immunoluminescence flow cytometry detection technique. A logistic regression model was used to assess the independent association of sPD-L1 with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The correlation between sPD-L1 and inflammatory cytokines in ACS was also assessed. Results: Plasma levels of sPD-L1 were significantly increased in CAD patients, especially those with ACS. Univariate logistic regression analysis revealed that sPD-L1 (OR: 3.382, 95% CI: 2.249-5.084, p < 0.001), BMI, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, previous MI, and the levels of HDL-C, LDL-C and hs-CRP were significantly associated with ACS. sPD-L1 (OR: 3.336, 95% CI: 1.084-6.167, p = 0.001) was found to be independently and significantly associated with ACS in the subsequent multivariable logistic regression analysis. Additionally, elevated plasma sPD-L1 levels were associated with increased interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 levels in ACS patients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the AUC of sPD-L1 for diagnosing ACS was 0.778, with a sensitivity of 73.9% and a specificity of 73.4%, which was comparable with that of the inflammatory biomarker hs-CRP. Conclusion: The plasma sPD-L1 level reflects the severity of CAD, is associated with inflammatory responses and is a potential new biomarker for the diagnosis of ACS.

5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15614, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114368

RESUMO

African swine fever (ASF) is a tick-borne infectious disease initially described in Shenyang province China in 2018 but is now currently present nationwide. ASF has high infectivity and mortality rates, which often results in transportation and trade bans, and high expenses to prevent and control the, hence causing huge economic losses and a huge negative impact on the Chinese pig farming industry. Ecological niche modeling has long been adopted in the epidemiology of infectious diseases, in particular vector-borne diseases. This study aimed to establish an ecological niche model combined with data from ASF incidence rates in China from August 2018 to December 2021 in order to predict areas for African swine fever virus (ASFV) distribution in China. The model was developed in R software using the biomod2 package and ensemble modeling techniques. Environmental and topographic variables included were mean diurnal range (°C), isothermality, mean temperature of wettest quarter (°C), precipitation seasonality (cv), mean precipitation of warmest quarter(mm), mean precipitation of coldest quarter (mm), normalized difference vegetation index, wind speed (m/s), solar radiation (kJ /day), and elevation/altitude (m). Contribution rates of the variables normalized difference vegetation index, mean temperature of wettest quarter, mean precipitation of coldest quarter, and mean precipitation of warmest quarter were, respectively, 47.61%, 28.85%, 10.85%, and 7.27% (according to CA), which accounted for over 80% of contribution rates related to variables. According to model prediction, most of areas revealed as suitable for ASF distribution are located in the southeast coast or central region of China, wherein environmental conditions are suitable for soft ticks' survival. In contrast, areas unsuitable for ASFV distribution in China are associated with arid climate and poor vegetation, which are less conducive to soft ticks' survival, hence to ASFV transmission. In addition, prediction spatial suitability for future ASFV distribution suggests narrower areas for ASFV spread. Thus, the ensemble model designed herein could be used to conceive more efficient prevention and control measure against ASF according to different geographical locations in China.


Assuntos
Vírus da Febre Suína Africana , Febre Suína Africana , Febre Suína Africana/epidemiologia , Febre Suína Africana/prevenção & controle , Algoritmos , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Ecossistema , Suínos
6.
Inorg Chem ; 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112943

RESUMO

As known, actinyl peroxides play important roles in environmental transport of actinides, and they have strategic importance in the application of nuclear industry. Compared to the most studied uranyl peroxides, the studies of transuranic counterparts are still few, and more information about these species is needed. In this work, experimentally inspired actinyl peroxide dimers ([An2O6]2+, An = U, Np, and Pu) have been studied and analyzed by using density functional theory and multireference wave function methods. This study determines that the three [An2O6]2+ have unique electronic structures and oxidation states, as [(UVIO2)2(O2)2-]2+, [(NpVIIO2)2(O2-)2]2+, and mixed-valent [(PuVI/VO2)2(O2)1-]2+. This study demonstrates the significance of two bridging oxo ligands with at most four electron holes availability in ionically directing actinyl and resulting in the unusual multiradical bonding in [(PuVI/VO2)2(O2)1-]2+. In addition, thermodynamically stable 12-crown-4 ether (12C4) chelated [(An2O6)(12C4)2]2+ complexes have been predicted, that could maintain these unique electronic structures of [An2O6]2+, where the An ← O12C4 dative bonding shows a trend in binding capacity of 12C4 from κ4 (U) to κ3 (Np) and κ4 (Pu). This study reveals the interesting electronic character and bonding feature of a series of early actinide elements in peroxide complexes, which can provide insights into the intrinsic stability of An-containing species.

7.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 943399, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046669

RESUMO

Developing an efficient antioxidant for anti-inflammatory therapy via scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) remains a great challenge owing to the insufficient activity and stability of traditional antioxidants. Herein, we explored and simply synthesized a biocompatible carbon dots (CDs) nanozyme with excellent scavenging activity of ROS for anti-inflammatory therapy. As expected, CDs nanozyme effectively eliminate many kinds of free radicals including •OH, O2 •- , and ABTS+•. Benefiting from multienzyme activities against ROS, CDs nanozyme can decrease the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, resulting in good anti-inflammatory effect. Taken together, this study not only sheds light on design of bioactive antioxidants but also broadens the biomedical application of CDs in the treatment of inflammation.

8.
Ther Apher Dial ; 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053938

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the effects of delayed versus early renal replacement therapy (RRT) initiation for patients with AKI. METHODS: Related RCTs of RRT initiated at different times published on PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched. RESULTS: Fifteen RCTs studies with 5395 patients were included. The results showed that the 28-day mortality (RR 1.01; 95% CI 0.94 ~ 1.08; p = 0.80), 60-day mortality (RR 1.00; 95% CI 0.91 ~ 1.11; p = 0.93), 90-day mortality (RR 1.01; 95% CI 0.94 ~ 1.08; p = 0.80), dialysis dependence among survivors (RR 0.67; 95% CI 0.40 ~ 1.13; p = 0.13), length of ICU stay (RR -1.32; 95% CI -3.26 ~ 0.62; p = 0.18) and length of hospital stay among survivors(RR -0.98; 95% CI -2.89 ~ 0.92; p = 0.31) were not significantly different between the two groups. In addition, early initiation of RRT increases the incidence of hypotension (RR 1.42, 95% CI 1.23 ~ 1.63; p < 0.00001) and infectious (RR 1.36; 95% CI 1.03 ~ 1.80; p = 0.03) events. CONCLUSION: Early initiation of RRT cannot improve the prognosis and benefit patients.

9.
Arthroplasty ; 4(1): 35, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine whether accelerometer-based navigation (ABN) can improve radiological and functional outcomes during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) compared with conventional techniques (CONV). METHOD: We comprehensively searched the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Clinical Trials databases. Only randomized controlled trials were selected for meta-analysis and, ultimately, 10 studies were included. RESULTS: The 10 studies involved 1,125 knees, of which 573 were in the ABN group and 552 in the CONV group. The results demonstrated that ABN significantly reduced the number of outliers for mechanical alignment (MA) (RR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.27 to 0.54, P < 0.00001, I2 = 45%), achieving more accurate MA (RR: -0.78, 95% CI: -0.93 to -0.62, P < 0.00001, I2 = 76%). The results revealed that there was no significant difference in duration of surgery between the ABN and CONV groups (MD: -0.2, 95% CI: -1.45 to 1.05, P = 0.75, I2 = 48%). There was less blood loss through the use of ABN (SMD: -0.49, 95% CI: -0.93 to -0.06, P = 0.03, I2 = 75%). However, ABN group didn't show better knee function (SMD: 0.13, 95% CI: -0.07 to 0.33, P = 0.20, I2 = 0%), though the incidence of overall complications was significantly lower (RR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.50 to 0.95, P = 0.02, I2 = 0%). CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis demonstrated that ABN was superior to CONV in restoring MA of the lower limb. In addition, ABN reduced the loss of blood and the duration of surgery was not prolonged. However, patient-reported outcome measurements (PROMs) were not improved.

10.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047657

RESUMO

Tibet orbivirus (TIBOV), a new candidate of Orbivirus genus, was initially isolated from mosquitoes in Tibet in 2009 and subsequently from both Culicoides and mosquitoes in several provinces of China and Japan. Little is known about the origin, genetic diversity, dissemination and pathogenicity of TIBOV, although its potential threat to animal health has been acknowledged. In this study, two viruses, V290/YNSZ and V298/YNJH, were isolated from the Culicoides and sentinel cattle in Yunnan Province. Their genome sequences, cell tropism in mammalian and insect cell lines along with pathogenicity in suckling mice were determined. Genome phylogenetic analyses confirmed their classification as TIBOV species; however, OC1 proteins of the V290/YNSZ and V298/YNJH shared maximum sequence identities of 31.5% and 33.9% with other recognized TIBOV serotypes (TIBOV-1 to TIBOV-4) and formed two monophyletic branches in phylogenetic tree, indicating they represented two novel TIBOV serotypes which were tentatively designated as TIBOV-5 and TIBOV-6. The viruses replicated robustly in BHK, Vero and C6/36 cells and triggered overt clinical symptoms in suckling mice after intracerebral inoculation, causing mortality of 100% and 25%. Cross-sectional epidemiology analysis revealed silent circulation of TIBOV in Yunnan Province with overall prevalence of 16.4% (18/110) in cattle, 10.8% (13/120) in goats and 5.5% (6/110) in swine. The prevalence patterns of four investigated TIBOV serotypes (TIBOV-1, -2, -5 and 6) differed from each one another, with their positive rates ranging from 8.2% (9/110) for TIBOV-2 in cattle to 0.9% (1/110) for TIBOV-1 and TIBOV-5 in cattle and swine. Our findings provided new insights for diversity, pathogenicity and epidemiology of TIBOV and formed a basis for future studies addressing the geographical distribution and the zoonotic potential of TIBOV.

11.
Front Public Health ; 10: 846049, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081474

RESUMO

Background: Dietary diversity is an indicator of nutritional adequacy, which plays a significant role in child growth and development. Lack of adequate nutrition is associated with suboptimal brain development, lower school performance, and increased risk of mortality and chronic diseases. We aimed to determine the prevalence and determinants of meeting minimum dietary diversity (MDD), defined as consuming at least five out of eight basic food groups in the previous 24-h in three sub-Saharan African countries. Methods: A weighted population-based cross-sectional study was conducted using the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). MDD data were available between 2019 and 2020 for three sub-Saharan African countries (Gambia, Liberia, and Rwanda). The study population included 5,832 children aged 6-23 months. A multivariable logistic regression model was developed to identify independent factors associated with meeting MDD. Results: Overall, the weighted prevalence of children who met the MDD was 23.2% (95% CI: 21.7-24.8%), ranging from 8.6% in Liberia to 34.4% in Rwanda. Independent factors associated with meeting MDD were: age of the child (OR) = 1.96, 95% CI: 1.61, 2.39 for 12-17 months vs. 6-11 months], mothers from highest households' wealth status (OR = 1.86, 95% CI: 1.45-2.39) compared with the lowest, and mothers with secondary/higher education (OR = 1.69, 95% CI: 1.35-2.12) compared with those with no education. Mothers who were employed, had access to a radio, and those who visited a healthcare facility in the last 12 months were more likely to meet the MDD. There was no significant association between the child's sex and the odds of fulfilling the MDD. Conclusions: There is substantial heterogeneity in the prevalence of MDD in these three sub-Saharan African countries. Lack of food availability or affordability may play a significant role in the low prevalence of MDD. The present analysis suggests that policies that will effectively increase the prevalence of meeting MDD should target poor households with appropriate materials or financial assistance and mothers with lower literacy. Public health interventions working with sectors such as education and radio stations to promote health education about the benefits of diverse diets is a critical step toward improving MDD in sub-Saharan Africa and preventing undernutrition.


Assuntos
Dieta , Promoção da Saúde , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência
12.
Mov Disord ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prodromal phase of Parkinson's disease (PD) is a critical window for prevention by modifying lifestyle factors. However, there is limited knowledge on how diet quality is associated with prodromal PD symptoms in Asian populations. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between overall diet quality and prodromal PD features. METHODS: A total of 71,640 Chinese participants who were free of PD were included in this cross-sectional study. Diet quality was assessed using the modified Alternative Healthy Eating Index (mAHEI) and alternate Mediterranean Diet (aMED). Five prodromal features including probable rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (pRBD), hyposmia, excessive daytime sleepiness, constipation, and depressive symptom were measured using validated questionnaires. Logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) for having a combination of prodromal PD symptoms (1 and 2+ symptoms vs. 0 symptoms), adjusting for age, sex, lifestyle factors, total energy intake, and other potential confounders. RESULTS: In the multivariable-adjusted model, the OR for having 2+ versus 0 prodromal PD features was 0.64 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.49, 0.85) comparing the highest versus the lowest mAHEI diet quality quartiles with a significant inverse trend (P-trend = 0.003). For individual prodromal PD features, better diet quality, as assessed by the mAHEI, was associated with lower odds of having excessive daytime sleepiness and constipation (P-trend < 0.05 for both). We observed a marginally significant association between aMED and prodromal PD features (adjusted OR comparing the extreme quartiles = 0.74; 95% CI: 0.55, 0.98; P-trend = 0.09). CONCLUSION: Better diet quality, as assessed by the mAHEI and the aMED, was associated with lower probability of having prodromal PD features in Chinese adults. © 2022 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

13.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 77: 100104, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is widely recognized as severe postoperative central nervous dysfunction and has a significant impact on the 'patient's physical and mental health. METHODS: Postoperative models of tibial fracture in aged rats were established, including the control group, model group, CCL11 protein injection group, and saline injection group. Morris water maze test was used to detect the behavioral characteristics of rats. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay was used or determine the content of CCL11 and CXCL10. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the distribution of CD14+CD163+macrophages in colon tissues and CD11b+CCR3+microglia cells in hippocampal tissues. Western blot analyzed NOX1 and STAT3 expression in hippocampus tissues. RESULTS: Water maze test results confirmed severe cognitive impairment in CCL11 rats. The content of CCL11 and CXCL10 in the CCL11 group was much higher than that of the model group. The distribution of macrophage and microglia cells in the CCL11 model group was greater than that in the model group and the saline group. The expression of NOX1 and STAT3 in the CCL11 group was higher compared with the model group. CONCLUSION: Abnormal macrophage function and excessive CCL11 secretion were observed in the rats with lower limb fractures after surgery. Postoperative central inflammation in rats with lower limb fracture induced postoperative cognitive dysfunction through the gut-brain axis molecular mechanism.

14.
Redox Biol ; 56: 102460, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and the resultant hyperpermeability play a vital role in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Poldip2 has been implicated in H2O2 production, but the effects of capsaicin on poldip2 have not been reported. METHODS: Diabetic Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats induced with STZ were treated with capsaicin or AAV9-poldip2-shRNA, and human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMECs) were treated with capsaicin or poldip2 siRNA. RESULTS: Current data indicated that the expression of PPARγ, poldip2, Nox4, VCAM-1, HIF-1α, and VEGF increased in rat retinas with DR and in HRMECs treated with high glucose. The production of ROS or H2O2 in the tissues, serum, and cells increased, and the paracellular permeability of cultured HRMECs with high glucose significantly increased. In addition, overt hyperpermeability of retinal microvessels and increased retinal neovascularization in diabetic rats were observed. However, capsaicin treatment inhibited these increases and suppressed the expression of PPARγ by enhancing its phosphorylation and ubiquitination in the retinas of DR rats. Poldip2 knockdown in HRMECs or its silencing in the retina of DR rats concomitantly led to reduced levels of Nox4, VCAM-1, HIF-1α, VEGF, ROS, and H2O2, and the paracellular permeability of HRMECs or the hyperpermeability of retinal microvessels in diabetic rat retinas decreased. Similarly, after PPARγ knockdown in HRMECs, poldip2, Nox4, HIF-1α, VEGF, ROS, and H2O2 decreased, and the monolayer paracellular permeability was reduced accordingly. CONCLUSION: Capsaicin may ameliorate diabetic retinopathy by activating TRPV1 and suppressing the PPARγ-poldip2-Nox4 pathway.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(18)2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36142189

RESUMO

Migratory birds spend several months in their breeding grounds in sympatry with local resident birds and relatively shorter periods of time at stopover sites. During migration, parasites may be transmitted between migratory and resident birds. However, to what extent they share these parasites remains unclear. In this study, we compared the assemblages of haemosporidian parasites in migratory, resident, and passing birds, as well as the correlations between parasite assemblages and host phylogeny. Compared with passing birds, migratory birds were more likely to share parasites with resident birds. Shared lineages showed significantly higher prevalence rates than other lineages, indicating that common parasites are more likely to spill over from the current host to other birds. For shared lineages, the prevalence was significantly higher in resident birds than in migratory birds, suggesting that migratory birds pick up parasites at their breeding ground. Among the shared lineages, almost two-thirds presented no phylogenetic signal in their prevalence, indicating that parasite transmission among host species is weakly or not correlated with host phylogeny. Moreover, similarities between parasite assemblages are not correlated with either migration status or the phylogeny of hosts. Our results show that the prevalence, rather than host phylogeny, plays a central role in parasite transmission between migratory and resident birds in breeding grounds.

16.
Water Res ; 223: 119028, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063704

RESUMO

Precipitation can affect the residence time of nitrogen compounds, and temperature can influence nitrogen transformation in soil. Therefore, we hypothesized that climate factors can affect the emissions of N2O, an important greenhouse gas produced via nitrogen transformation, by influencing the migration and transformation of nonpoint source nitrogen in soil. To test this hypothesis and quantify the effect of climate factors on N2O emissions, the SWAT model and the modified SWAT-N2O coupler were used to study the effect of climate factors on the migration and transformation of nonpoint source nitrogen and N2O emissions in an agricultural watershed from 2009 to 2018. Temperature affected N2O emissions more significant than precipitation, and N2O emissions increased with temperature and reached a plateau when the average monthly temperature was 23.0 °C. The N2O emissions first increased rapidly with precipitation due to the increase in moisture. However, when the average monthly precipitation reached 78.8 mm, the N2O emissions began to decrease because the residence time of nitrogen compounds in soil were reduced due to fast removal via runoff, which inhibits N2O emissions. Under the context of climate change with three scenarios (RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP8.5), temperature would increase gradually while precipitation would not change significantly from 2021 to 2080, as a result, the changes would increase N2O emissions by 6.7%, 32.3%, and 70.7%, respectively. This study quantifies the feedback of N2O emissions to climate change in croplands, providing a scientific basis for climate change mitigation and agricultural management.


Assuntos
Gases de Efeito Estufa , Nitrogênio , Agricultura , Fertilizantes , Nitrogênio/análise , Compostos de Nitrogênio , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Solo
17.
J Int Med Res ; 50(9): 3000605221123670, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124896

RESUMO

Iliac vein compression syndrome is a rare disorder that causes oedema of one or both legs, with or without thrombosis. This current case report describes a 71-year-old male patient with left iliac vein compression caused by a bladder diverticulum that occurred secondary to chronic prostatic hyperplasia. The patient presented with left leg oedema without deep vein thrombosis. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis, Doppler ultrasound imaging of the lower limb veins and magnetic resonance imaging helped confirm the diagnosis. The patient initially underwent urinary catheter placement, which relieved urinary retention and iliac vein compression. He subsequently underwent bladder diverticulectomy and transurethral prostatectomy. The postoperative clinical course was uneventful. During the 1.5-year follow-up, the patient did not have lower extremity oedema. Bladder diverticulum is an extremely rare cause of iliac vein compression syndrome, and only five such cases, including this one, have been reported to date. This article presents a literature review of these cases and a summary of the diagnosis and treatment experience.


Assuntos
Síndrome de May-Thurner , Trombose Venosa , Idoso , Divertículo , Edema , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome de May-Thurner/complicações , Bexiga Urinária/anormalidades , Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2478: 37-73, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063318

RESUMO

Angular optical trapping (AOT) is a powerful technique that permits direct angular manipulation of a trapped particle with simultaneous measurement of torque and rotation, while also retaining the capabilities of position and force detection. This technique provides unique approaches to investigate the torsional properties of nucleic acids and DNA-protein complexes, as well as impacts of torsional stress on fundamental biological processes, such as transcription and replication. Here we describe the principle, construction, and calibration of the AOT in detail and provide a guide to the performance of single-molecule torque measurements on DNA molecules. We include the constant-force method and, notably, a new constant-extension method that enables measurement of the twist persistence length of both extended DNA, under an extremely low force, and plectonemic DNA. This chapter can assist in the implementation and application of this technique for general researchers in the single-molecule field.


Assuntos
DNA , Pinças Ópticas , Calibragem , DNA/genética , Rotação , Torque
19.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 456, 2022 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The available therapeutic options for large bone defects remain extremely limited, requiring new strategies to accelerate bone healing. Genetically modified bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) with enhanced osteogenic capacity are recognised as one of the most promising treatments for bone defects. METHODS: We performed differential expression analysis of miRNAs between human BMSCs (hBMSCs) and human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) to identify osteogenic differentiation-related microRNAs (miRNAs). Furthermore, we identified shared osteogenic differentiation-related miRNAs and constructed an miRNA-transcription network. The Forkhead box protein A1 (FOXA1) knockdown strategy with a lentiviral vector was used to explore the role of FOXA1 in the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs. Cell Counting Kit-8 was used to determine the effect of the knockdown of FOXA1 on hBMSC proliferation; real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blotting were used to investigate target genes and proteins; and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and Alizarin Red staining (ARS) were used to assess ALP activity and mineral deposition, respectively. Finally, a mouse model of femoral defects was established in vivo, and histological evaluation and radiographic analysis were performed to verify the therapeutic effects of FOXA1 knockdown on bone healing. RESULTS: We identified 22 shared and differentially expressed miRNAs between hDPSC and hBMSC, 19 of which were downregulated in osteogenically induced samples. The miRNA-transcription factor interaction network showed that FOXA1 is the most significant and novel osteogenic differentiation biomarker among more than 300 transcription factors that is directly targeted by 12 miRNAs. FOXA1 knockdown significantly promoted hBMSC osteo-specific genes and increased mineral deposits in vitro. In addition, p-ERK1/2 levels were upregulated by FOXA1 silencing. Moreover, the increased osteogenic differentiation of FOXA1 knockdown hBMSCs was partially rescued by the addition of ERK1/2 signalling inhibitors. In a mouse model of femoral defects, a sheet of FOXA1-silencing BMSCs improved bone healing, as detected by microcomputed tomography and histological evaluation. CONCLUSION: These findings collectively demonstrate that FOXA1 silencing promotes the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs via the ERK1/2 signalling pathway, and silencing FOXA1 in vivo effectively promotes bone healing, suggesting that FOXA1 may be a novel target for bone healing.


Assuntos
Fator 3-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Osteogênese , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células Cultivadas , Fator 3-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/genética , Fator 3-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteogênese/genética , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Microtomografia por Raio-X
20.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 7(1): 312, 2022 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071039

RESUMO

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a global pandemic that seriously threatens health and socioeconomic development, but the existed antiviral drugs and vaccines still cannot yet halt the spread of the epidemic. Therefore, a comprehensive and profound understanding of the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 is urgently needed to explore effective therapeutic targets. Here, we conducted a multiomics study of SARS-CoV-2-infected lung epithelial cells, including transcriptomic, proteomic, and ubiquitinomic. Multiomics analysis showed that SARS-CoV-2-infected lung epithelial cells activated strong innate immune response, including interferon and inflammatory responses. Ubiquitinomic further reveals the underlying mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 disrupting the host innate immune response. In addition, SARS-CoV-2 proteins were found to be ubiquitinated during infection despite the fact that SARS-CoV-2 itself didn't code any E3 ligase, and that ubiquitination at three sites on the Spike protein could significantly enhance viral infection. Further screening of the E3 ubiquitin ligases and deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) library revealed four E3 ligases influencing SARS-CoV-2 infection, thus providing several new antiviral targets. This multiomics combined with high-throughput screening study reveals that SARS-CoV-2 not only modulates innate immunity, but also promotes viral infection, by hijacking ubiquitination-specific processes, highlighting potential antiviral and anti-inflammation targets.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Antivirais , Humanos , Proteômica , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases , Ubiquitinação/genética
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