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1.
J Phys Chem B ; 124(13): 2723-2729, 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159352

RESUMO

We study knot effects on polymer dynamics in aqueous solution by dissipative particle dynamics. A methodology to identify the θ point is developed by combining simulation data and analytical methods. Polymer internal motions are investigated systematically by gradually changing solvent quality from a good to poor case. In a good solvent, the knot length grows with fluctuations (breathing stage) and then moves to chain ends (moving stage) to release. Nearby the θ point from the good solvent side, the breathing effect becomes stronger with a weak moving effect. As a result, it is easy for the knot to release because of strong fluctuations in chain conformation. In a poor solvent, both breathing and moving effects are weak. A knot is confined in the chain and suppresses polymer condensation because of the excluded volume effect. Our results are useful for the interpretation of relevant experiments and industrial applications of polymer knots.

2.
Small ; 15(51): e1906086, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762172

RESUMO

Controlled growth of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) nanocrystals on requisite surfaces is highly desired for myriad applications related to catalysis, energy, and electronics. Here, this challenge is addressed by overlaying arbitrary surfaces with a thermally evaporated metal layer to enable the well-aligned growth of ultralong quasi-2D MOF nanoarrays comprising cobalt ions and thiophenedicarboxylate acids. This interfacial engineering approach allows preferred chelation of carboxyl groups in the ligands with the metal interlayers, thereby making possible the fabrication and patterning of MOF nanoarrays on substrates of any materials or morphologies. The MOF nanoarrays grown on porous metal scaffolds demonstrate high electrocatalytic capability for water oxidation, exhibiting a small overpotential of 270 mV at 10 mA cm-2 , or 317 mV at 50 mA cm-2 as well as negligible decay of performance within 30 h. The enhanced performance stems from the improved electron and ion transport in the hierarchical porous nanoarrays consisting of in situ formed oxyhydroxide nanosheets in the electrochemical processes. This approach for mediating the growth of MOF nanoarrays can serve as a promising platform for diverse applications.

3.
Oncotarget ; 8(13): 21444-21453, 2017 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28423522

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Serine protease 3 (PRSS3) is an isoform of trypsinogen, and plays an important role in the development of many malignancies. The objective of this study was to determine PRSS3 mRNA and protein expression levels in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast and normal surrounding tissue samples. RESULTS: Both PRSS3 mRNA and protein levels were significantly higher in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast tissues than in normal or benign tissues (all P < 0.05). High PRSS3 protein levels were associated with patients' age, histological grade, Her-2 expression level, ki-67 expression, and the 5.0-year survival rate. These high protein levels are independent prognostic markers in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used real-time quantitative polymerase chain reactions (N = 40) and tissue microarray immunohistochemistry analysis (N = 286) to determine PRSS3 mRNA and protein expression, respectively. PRSS3 protein levels in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast tissues were correlated with the clinical characteristics of patients with invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast and their 5.0-year survival rate. CONCLUSIONS: PRSS3 acts as an oncogene in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast development and progression. This finding implies that detection of PRSS3 expression can be a useful prognosis marker and the targeting of PRSS3 can potentially represent a new strategy for invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast treatment.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Tripsina/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Tripsina/análise , Adulto Jovem
4.
Sci Rep ; 5: 14794, 2015 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26440769

RESUMO

Unlike other viral protease, Avibirnavirus infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV)-encoded viral protease VP4 forms unusual intracellular tubule-like structures during viral infection. However, the formation mechanism and potential biological functions of intracellular VP4 tubules remain largely elusive. Here, we show that VP4 can assemble into tubules in diverse IBDV-infected cells. Dynamic analysis show that VP4 initiates the assembly at early stage of IBDV infection, and gradually assembles into larger size of fibrils within the cytoplasm and nucleus. Intracellular assembly of VP4 doesn't involve the host cytoskeleton, other IBDV-encoded viral proteins or vital subcellular organelles. Interestingly, the last C-terminal hydrophobic and amyloidogenic stretch (238)YHLAMA(243) with two "aggregation-prone" alanine residues was found to be essential for its intracellular self-assembly. The assembled VP4 fibrils show significantly low solubility, subsequently, the deposition of highly assembled VP4 structures ultimately deformed the host cytoskeleton and nucleus, which was potentially associated with IBDV lytic infection. Importantly, the assembly of VP4 significantly reduced the cytotoxicity of protease activity in host cells which potentially prevent the premature cell death and facilitate viral replication. This study provides novel insights into the formation mechanism and biological functions of the Avibirnavirus protease-related fibrils.


Assuntos
Avibirnavirus/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas Amiloidogênicas/química , Proteínas Amiloidogênicas/metabolismo , Animais , Avibirnavirus/patogenicidade , Embrião de Galinha , Chlorocebus aethiops , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Células HEK293/virologia , Humanos , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/metabolismo , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/patogenicidade , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/química , Solubilidade , Células Vero/virologia , Proteínas Virais/química , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/química
5.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 16(4): 1443-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25743813

RESUMO

To investigate the significance of FOXO3a and Ki67 in human lung adenocarcinomas. Envision immunohistochemical staining and Western blotting were used to examine the protein expression of FOXO3a in 127 cases of human lung adenocarcinoma specimens. The positive rate in lung adenocarcinoma (55.9%) was lower than that in normal tissues (80%). We found that the expression of FOXO3a was closely related with the degree of differentiation, TNM staging, lymph node metastasis and survival. In addition, significant differences in the different pathological types of lung adenocarcinoma cases (P<0.01). The FOXO3a positive rate of the acini as the main type (APA) (86.7%) and the lepidic as the main type (LPA) (82.4%) was higher than the solid as the main type (SPA) (50.0%), the papilla as the main type (PPA) (42.9%) and the micropapilla as the main type (MPA) (9.4%). Moreover, the expression of FOXO3a was negatively related with Ki67 expression. Our results suggested that the expression of FOXO3a is closely correlated with the aggressiveness of lung adenocarcinoma. It was indicated that disregulation of FOXO3a might play key roles in the occurrence and development of lung adenocarcinoma and joint detection of the two markers might play an important role in diagnosing tumors.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Western Blotting , Feminino , Seguimentos , Proteína Forkhead Box O3 , Humanos , Técnicas Imunoenzimáticas , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
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