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Adv Mater ; : e1905502, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984596


Organic-inorganic metal halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have achieved certified power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 25.2% with complex compositional and bandgap engineering. However, the thermal instability of methylammonium (MA) cation can cause the degradation of the perovskite film, remaining a risk for the long-term stability of the devices. Herein, a unique method is demonstrated to fabricate highly phase-stable perovskite film without MA by introducing cesium chloride (CsCl) in the double cation (Cs, formamidinium) perovskite precursor. Moreover, due to the suboptimal bandgap of bromide (Br- ), the amount of Br- is regulated, leading to high power conversion efficiency. As a result, MA-free perovskite solar cells achieve remarkable long-term stability and a PCE of 20.50%, which is one of the best results for MA-free PSCs. Moreover, the unencapsulated device retains about 80% of the original efficiencies after a 1000 h aging study. These results provide a feasible approach to enhance solar cell stability and performance simultaneously, paving the way for commercializing PSCs.

Nanoscale ; 8(38): 16881-16885, 2016 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27714098


Tuning the band alignment is proved to be an effective way to facilitate carrier transportation and thus enhance the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of solar cells. Doping the compact layer with metal ions or modifying the interfaces among functional layers in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) can appreciably improve the PCE of PSCs. Inspired by the rare earth elemental doping of TiO2, which has witnessed the success in photocatalysis and dye-sensitized solar cells, we firstly demonstrated here that La3+ doping in the mesoporous TiO2 layer of a mesostructured PSC can tune its Fermi level and thus significantly enhance the device PCE. Systematic analysis reveals that doping La3+ into TiO2 raises the Fermi level of TiO2 through scavenging oxygen and inducing vacancies, which subsequently increases the open circuit voltage and the fill factor while reducing the series resistance of the PSC using La3+-doped TiO2 as a mesoporous layer. As a result, a PCE of 15.42% is achieved, which is appreciably higher than the PCE of a device with undoped TiO2 (12.11%).

PLoS One ; 9(4): e94034, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24739881


The objective of our study was to profile and compare the systematic changes between orally administered artesunate and intramuscularly injected artemether at a low dose over a 3-month period (92 consecutive days) in dogs. Intramuscular administration of 6 mg kg-1 artemether induced a decreased red blood cell (RBC) count (anemia), concurrent extramedullary hematopoiesis in the spleen and inhibition of erythropoiesis in the bone marrow. We also observed a prolonged QT interval and neuropathic changes in the central nervous system, which demonstrated the cortex and motor neuron vulnerability, but no behavioral changes. Following treatment with artesunate, we observed a decreased heart rate, which was most likely due to cardiac conduction system damage, as well as a deceased RBC count, extramedullary hematopoiesis in the spleen and inhibition of erythropoiesis in the bone marrow. However, in contrast to treatment with artemether, neurotoxicity was not observed following treatment with artesunate. In addition, ultra-structural examination by transmission electron microscopy showed mitochondrial damage following treatment with artesunate. These findings demonstrated the spectrum of toxic changes that result upon treatment with artesunate and artemether and show that the prolonged administration of low doses of these derivatives result in diverse toxicity profiles.

Artemisininas/toxicidade , Administração Oral , Animais , Arritmias Cardíacas/induzido quimicamente , Artemeter , Artemisininas/administração & dosagem , Artesunato , Cães , Contagem de Eritrócitos , Eritropoese/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Hematopoese Extramedular/efeitos dos fármacos , Injeções Intramusculares , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/ultraestrutura , Testes de Toxicidade