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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503923

RESUMO

This work was designed to evaluate the coverage of data-dependent acquisition (DDA) extensively utilized in the untargeted metabolite/component identification in the food sciences and pharmaceutical analysis. Using saponins from the flower buds of Panax ginseng (PGF) as an example, precursor ions list (PIL)-including DDA on a Q-Orbitrap mass spectrometer could enable higher coverage than the other four MS2 acquisition approaches in characterizing PGF ginsenosides. A "Virtual Library of Ginsenoside" containing 13,536 ginsenoside molecules was established by C-language-programmed large-scale molecular prediction, which in combination with mass defect filtering could create a new PIL involving 1859 PGF saponin precursors. We could newly obtain the MS2 spectra of at least 17 components and characterize 36 ginsenosides with unknown masses, among the 164 compounds identified from PGF. Conclusively, a molecular-prediction-oriented PIL in DDA can assist to discover more potentially novel molecules benefiting to the development of functional foods and new drugs.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(8): 1989-1994, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531713

RESUMO

Toxicity-attenuating compatibility is an effective measure to ensure the safety of Chinese medicine. Involving the origin, processing method, compatibility mode, and dosage, it faces multiple challenges, such as the uncertainty of toxic substances, toxicity latency, indefinite safe dose, complex toxicity-efficacy relationship, and individual difference. As a result, research on clinical safety of Chinese medicine is limited by the consistency at "molecular-cellular-organ-overall" levels, unclear interaction of multiple medicinals and multiple substances, the "toxicity-efficacy-compatibility-syndrome" correlation, and the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" conversion law. Therefore, following the principle of "starting from the clinical practice, verifying via the theoretical basis, and finally applying in clinical practice", we verified the toxicity at "molecular-cellular-organ-overall" levels, revealed the interaction of multiple medicinals and substances, collected evidence at multiple levels, clarified the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" relationship, and tested the consistency between basic and clinical biomarkers. On this basis, we studied the toxicity-alleviating and efficacy-enhancing(preserving) compatibility characteristics, the fate of one medicinal and multiple medicinals in vivo, the molecular mechanism of toxicity, the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" conversion law, and the clinical characteristics of toxic traditional Chinese medicine based on disease and syndrome. The three mechanisms of toxicity-attenuating compatibility reflect the seven-reaction theory in Chinese medicine compatibility. Finally, the strategies for safe use of Chinese medicine were proposed.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Projetos de Pesquisa
3.
J Ginseng Res ; 46(2): 235-247, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509823

RESUMO

Background: Ginsenoside Rg3 is one of the main active ingredients in ginseng. Here, we aimed to confirm its protective effect on the heart function in transverse aortic coarctation (TAC)-induced heart failure mice and explore the potential molecular mechanisms involved. Methods: The effects of ginsenoside Rg3 on heart and mitochondrial function were investigated by treating TAC-induced heart failure in mice. The mechanism of ginsenoside Rg3 for improving heart and mitochondrial function in mice with heart failure was predicted through integrative analysis of the proteome and plasma metabolome. Glucose uptake and myocardial insulin sensitivity were evaluated using micro-positron emission tomography. The effect of ginsenoside Rg3 on myocardial insulin sensitivity was clarified by combining in vivo animal experiments and in vitro cell experiments. Results: Treatment of TAC-induced mouse models with ginsenoside Rg3 significantly improved heart function and protected mitochondrial structure and function. Fusion of metabolomics, proteomics, and targeted metabolomics data showed that Rg3 regulated the glycolysis process, and Rg3 not only regulated glucose uptake but also improve myocardial insulin resistance. The molecular mechanism of ginsenoside Rg3 regulation of glucose metabolism was determined by exploring the interaction pathways of AMPK, insulin resistance, and glucose metabolism. The effect of ginsenoside Rg3 on the promotion of glucose uptake in IR-H9c2 cells by AMPK activation was dependent on the insulin signaling pathway. Conclusions: Ginsenoside Rg3 modulates glucose metabolism and significantly ameliorates insulin resistance through activation of the AMPK pathway.

4.
Planta Med ; 2022 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35253147

RESUMO

The flavonoid constituents of Aesculus wilsonii, a source of the Chinese medicinal drug Suo Luo Zi, and their in vitro anti-inflammatory effects were investigated. Fifteen flavonoids, including aeswilflavonosides IA-IC (1-3) and aeswilflavonosides IIA-IIE (4-8), along with seven known derivatives were isolated from a seed extract. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, acid and alkaline hydrolysis, and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Among them, compounds 3 and 7 possess a 5-[2-(carboxymethyl)-5-oxocyclopent-yl]pent-3-enylate or oleuropeoylate substituent, respectively, which are rarely reported in flavonoids. Compounds 2, 3, 7, and 1215 were found to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 cell lines. In a mechanistic assay, the flavonoid glycosides 2, 3, and 7 reduced the expressions of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) induced by LPS. Further investigations suggest that 2 and 3 down-regulate the protein expression of TNF-α and IL-6 by inhibiting the phosphorylation of p38. Compound 7 was found to reduce the production of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and the secrection of TNF-α and IL-6 through inhibiting nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B (NF-κB) signaling pathway. Compounds 2, 3 and 7 possessed moderate inhibitory activity on the expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). Taken together, the data indicate that the flavonoid glycosides of A. wilsonii seeds exhibit NO release inhibitory activity through mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) [MAPK (p38)], NF-κB and STAT3 cross-talk signaling pathways.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35154352

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can improve clinical symptoms, but it is not clear whether it can shorten viral shedding. This is an observational study including 97 patients with COVID-19 who were consecutively admitted to the Jiangxia Fangcang hospital in Wuhan (Hubei, China) from January 15, 2020, to March 10, 2020. All patients were treated with TCM, and we assessed the patients daily and collected clinical information via a diary card. The primary endpoint was the time to achieve a negative result for severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RT-PCR. The final analysis included 92 patients. The median time to negative oropharyngeal swab for all the participants was 22 days (IQR 15-30). The participants were divided into three groups according to time from symptom onset to start of TCM treatment: within 7 days group (early treatment group), 8-14 days group (middle treatment group), and over 14 days group (late treatment group). The median time to negative oropharyngeal swab for the early treatment group was 14 days (IQR 12-17) and for the middle and late treatment groups was statistically shorter than 20 days (IQR 18-22) and 30 days (IQR 25-34), respectively. In univariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, the incidence of negative oropharyngeal swab for the early and middle treatment groups was 7.674 times and 3.609 times statistically higher than the late treatment group, respectively; whereas in multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, the incidence for the early and middle treatment groups was 18.093 times and 5.804 times statistically higher than the late treatment group, respectively. In patients with moderate COVID-19, those who had no cough, no dyspnea, and those who received TCM treatment earlier could achieve nucleic acid negative sooner by shortening viral shedding.

6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 148: 112675, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35183993

RESUMO

Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is a major life-threatening complication after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (allo-HSCT). Although a series of immunosuppressant agents are routinely used as the first-line prevention, the morbidity and mortality rate remains high in allo-HSCT recipients. Our previous work indicated that combining Xuebijing (XBJ) with Cyclosporin A (CSA) is superior to CSA alone in preventing aGVHD. However, it was not clear which compounds in XBJ may prevent aGVHD. Whether the effective compounds in XBJ can be safely combined with CSA to prevent GVHD remain to be evaluated. Here, we accessed whether the combination of four main components in XBJ (C0127) had the same efficacy as XBJ in preventing aGVHD. In addition, the effectiveness of a novel combination therapy (C0127 + CSA) on aGVHD prophylaxis was evaluated using 16 s rRNA sequencing and RNA sequencing approaches in vitro and in vivo. In aGVHD mice, C0127 enhanced the preventive effects of CSA including decreasing mortality, maintaining weight, reducing GVHD score and reducing the expression of IL-6 and TNF-α in serum. Fatal GVHD is a frequent consequence of intestinal tract damage. We found combining C0127 with CSA alleviated the gut damage and maintained the normal physiological function of intestine by H&E staining, intestinal permeability and short chain fatty acid (SCFA) assays. Next, 16 S sequencing analysis of feces showed the combination treatment maintained the intestinal microbial diversity, normalized the intestinal microorganism and prevented flora disorder by reducing the relative abundances of Escherichia coli and Enterococcus. Further, RNA-seq analysis of colonic epithelium revealed C0127 combined with CSA chiefly regulated chemokines and cytokines in IL-17 signaling pathway. The combination treatment reduced the expression of G-CSF and its effector STAT3 (an axis that aggravated gut inflammation and flora disorder) in gut epithelium on mRNA and protein level. These findings indicated that C0127 improved the prevention of CSA in aGVHD mice partially by protecting the gut from damage through normalizing G-CSF signaling, which regulates the intestinal microbiota and the integrity of the epithelial barrier.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doença Aguda , Animais , Ciclosporina/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Camundongos
7.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 12(1): 50-75, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35127372

RESUMO

The cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS)-stimulator of interferon genes (STING) signaling exert essential regulatory function in microbial-and onco-immunology through the induction of cytokines, primarily type I interferons. Recently, the aberrant and deranged signaling of the cGAS-STING axis is closely implicated in multiple sterile inflammatory diseases, including heart failure, myocardial infarction, cardiac hypertrophy, nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases, aortic aneurysm and dissection, obesity, etc. This is because of the massive loads of damage-associated molecular patterns (mitochondrial DNA, DNA in extracellular vesicles) liberated from recurrent injury to metabolic cellular organelles and tissues, which are sensed by the pathway. Also, the cGAS-STING pathway crosstalk with essential intracellular homeostasis processes like apoptosis, autophagy, and regulate cellular metabolism. Targeting derailed STING signaling has become necessary for chronic inflammatory diseases. Meanwhile, excessive type I interferons signaling impact on cardiovascular and metabolic health remain entirely elusive. In this review, we summarize the intimate connection between the cGAS-STING pathway and cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. We also discuss some potential small molecule inhibitors for the pathway. This review provides insight to stimulate interest in and support future research into understanding this signaling axis in cardiovascular and metabolic tissues and diseases.

8.
J Chromatogr A ; 1667: 462904, 2022 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35193067

RESUMO

Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) is extensively applied for the untargeted/targeted analyses of the herbal components, utilizing data-dependent acquisition (DDA) or data-independent acquisition (DIA) to record the fragmentation information useful for the structural elucidation. A new trend recently has emerged by integrating DDA and DIA to render the hybrid scan, which, unfortunately, has rarely been reported. Herein, by using the Vion™ ion-mobility quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer, a hybrid scan strategy (HDMSE-HDDDA) was presented and validated by the untargeted characterization of the multicomponents from Carthamus tinctorius (safflower), in combination with reversed-phase ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-UHPLC). Good chromatographic separation was achieved on an HSS T3 column within 26 min, while HDMSE-MS/MS was used to acquire the collision-induced dissociation MS2 data in the negative mode. Automatic workflows (e.g., data correction, precursors/product ions matching, and peak annotation) were well established on UNIFI™ (incorporating an in-house library recording 261 known compounds) to process the obtained MS2 data. Compared with single DDA or DIA, the hybrid approach of HDMSE-HDDDA better balanced between the coverage and reliability, led to high-definition MS spectra, offered useful collision cross section (CCS) information, and showed satisfactory identification performance comparable to MSE. A total of 141 components (involving 41 quinochalcones, 66 flavanols/flavones, 11 flavanones, 6 organic acids, 1 polyacetylene, and 16 others) were characterized from safflower. Moreover, CCS prediction could assist isomers characterization, to some extent. Conclusively, this hybrid scan approach enables a dimension-enhanced MS data acquisition strategy providing the complementary structural information, which more suits the chemical characterization of complex samples.


Assuntos
Carthamus tinctorius , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Íons , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
9.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1193: 339320, 2022 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35058017

RESUMO

Data-dependent acquisition (DDA) and data-independent acquisition (DIA)-based MSn strategies are extensively applied in metabolites characterization. DDA gives accurate MSn information, but receives low coverage, while DIA covers the entire mass range, but the precursor-product ions matching often yields false positives. Currently available MS scan approaches rarely integrate DIA and DDA within a duty circle. Utilizing a Vion™ IM-QTOF (ion mobility-quadrupole time-of-flight) mass spectrometer, we report a novel hybrid scan approach, namely HDDIDDA, which involves three scan events: 1) IM-enabled full scan (MS1), 2) high-definition MSE (HDMSE) of all precursor ions (MS2); and 3) high-definition DDA (HDDDA) of top N precursors (MS2). As a proof-of-concept, the HDDIDDA approach combined with off-line two-dimensional liquid chromatography (2D-LC) was applied to characterize the multiple ingredients from a reputable Chinese patent medicine, Compound Danshen Dripping Pill (CDDP) used for treating the cardiovascular diseases. An off-line 2D-LC system by configuring an XBridge Amide column and an HSS T3 column showed a measurable orthogonality of 0.92 and enhanced the separation of co-eluting components. A fit-for-purpose HDDIDDA methodology was developed in the negative mode to characterize saponins and salvianolic acids, while tanshinones in the positive mode. Computational workflows to efficiently process the acquired HDMSE and HDDDA data were established, and the searching of an in-house CDDP library (recording 712 compounds) eventually characterized 403 components from CDDP, indicating approximate 12-fold improvement compared with the previous report. The HDDIDDA approach can measure collision cross section of each component, and merges the merits of DIA and DDA in MS2 data acquisition.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Canfanos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Íons , Panax notoginseng , Salvia miltiorrhiza
10.
Chin Med ; 17(1): 4, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983572

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigate the chemical basis and mechanism of angiogenesis regulation by a multicomponent Chinese medicine Danhong injection (DHI). METHODS: DHI was fractionated and screened for angiogenesis activities by in vitro tube formation and migration assays. The composition of DHI components was determined by UPLC. The effects of the main active monomers on angiogenesis-related gene and protein expression in endothelial cells were determined by qPCR and Western blotting analyses. Mouse hind limb ischemia and tumor implant models were used to verify the angiogenesis effects in vivo by Laser Doppler and bioluminescent imaging, respectively. RESULTS: Two distinct chemical components, one promoting (pro-angiogenic, PAC) and the other inhibiting (anti-angiogenic, AAC) angiogenesis, were identified in DHI. PAC enhanced angiogenesis and improved recovery of ischemic limb perfusion while AAC reduced Lewis lung carcinoma growth in vivo in VEGFR-2-Luc mice. Among the PAC or AAC monomers, caffeic acid and rosmarinic acid upregulated TSP1 expression and downregulated KDR and PECAM expression. Caffeic acid and rosmarinic acid significantly decreased while protocatechuic aldehyde increased CXCR4 expression, which are consistent with their differential effects on EC migration. CONCLUSIONS: DHI is capable of bi-directional regulation of angiogenesis in disease-specific manner. The pro-angiogenesis activity of DHI promotes the repair of ischemic vascular injury, whereas the anti-angiogenesis activity inhibits tumor growth. The active pro- and anti-angiogenesis activities are composed of unique chemical combinations that differentially regulate angiogenesis-related gene networks.

12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 285: 114834, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801609

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Semen Cuscutae, called Tu-si-zi in Chinese, is a kind of dried mature seed in the Convolvulaceae family. It mainly distributes in China, Korea, Pakistan, Vietnam, India and Thailand. It is used as a kidney-tonifying drug for treatment of aging related diseases such as osteoporosis in traditional Chinese medicine. However, the exact mechanisms on bone resorption are poorly studied. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential effect of Semen Cuscutae on ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteoporosis in mice and clarify the exact mechanisms by which Semen Cuscutae exert the anti-osteoporosis effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative analyses of Semen Cuscutae were performed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and HPLC-MS/MS, respectively. Changes in bone mineral density (BMD) induced by OVX in mice were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and micro-computed tomography (µCT). Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining as well as hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining were used to observe bone microarchitectural changes. ELISA kits were used to assess the therapeutic effects of Semen Cuscutae on the serum levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b), and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANKL). The effect of Semen Cuscutae on primary cell viability was assessed using CCK-8 and anti-tartrate phosphatase assays. TRAP staining and actin ring staining were used to observe the effect of Semen Cuscutae on osteoclast differentiation. Western blotting was used to measure the effects of Semen Cuscutae on expressions of NFATC1, c-Src kinase, and c-fos. RESULTS: Results from UPLC-Q-TOF-MS showed that the main components of Semen Cuscutae were flavonoid compounds that included quercitrin, quercetin, hyperoside, caffeic acid, rutin, chlorogenic acid, luteolin, apigenin, kaempferol, isoquercetin, cryptochlorogenic acid, isorhamnetin-3-O-glucoside, and astragalin. After the Semen Cuscutae extract was orally administered to OVX mice, bone density increased (P < 0.01) and bone microstructure was significantly improved (P < 0.01 or 0.05). Additionally, Semen Cuscutae exhibited a significant descending effect in the levels of serum TRACP-5b and RANKL, while there was a significant increase in OPG in the Semen Cuscutae group compared with the OVX group, especially at high doses. Moreover, we found that increasing of c-fos, c-Src kinase, and NFATC1 protein expressions were reversed by Semen Cuscutae in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that Semen Cuscutae exhibited anti-osteoporosis effects through the c-fos/c-Src kinase/NFATC1 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Osteoporose , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Animais , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/farmacologia , Reabsorção Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Proteína Tirosina Quinase CSK/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoclastos/fisiologia , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos
13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 283: 114701, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606948

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xuanfei Baidu Decoction (XFBD), one of the "three medicines and three prescriptions" for the clinically effective treatment of COVID-19 in China, plays an important role in the treatment of mild and/or common patients with dampness-toxin obstructing lung syndrome. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present work aims to elucidate the protective effects and the possible mechanism of XFBD against the acute inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis. METHODS: We use TGF-ß1 induced fibroblast activation model and LPS/IL-4 induced macrophage inflammation model as in vitro cell models. The mice model of lung fibrosis was induced by BLM via endotracheal drip, and then XFBD (4.6 g/kg, 9.2 g/kg) were administered orally respectively. The efficacy and molecular mechanisms in the presence or absence of XFBD were investigated. RESULTS: The results proved that XFBD can effectively inhibit fibroblast collagen deposition, down-regulate the level of α-SMA and inhibit the migration of fibroblasts. IL-4 induced macrophage polarization was also inhibited and the secretions of the inflammatory factors including IL6, iNOS were down-regulated. In vivo experiments, the results proved that XFBD improved the weight loss and survival rate of the mice. The XFBD high-dose administration group had a significant effect in inhibiting collagen deposition and the expression of α-SMA in the lungs of mice. XFBD can reduce bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by inhibiting IL-6/STAT3 activation and related macrophage infiltration. CONCLUSIONS: Xuanfei Baidu Decoction protects against macrophages induced inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis via inhibiting IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2 , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células NIH 3T3 , Fitoterapia , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Células RAW 264.7 , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polygonum Multiflorum Radix Preparata (PMP), prepared from Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (PM), is traditionally valued for its liver and kidney-tonifying effects. However, the previous studies showed that PMP was hepatotoxic, which limited its clinical use. Unfortunately, the potential hepatotoxic ingredients and the molecular mechanism are still uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to find out potential biomarkers of hepatotoxicity using metabolomics profile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60% ethanol extract of PMP (PMPE) was prepared. Subsequently, an untargeted metabolomics technology in combination with ROC curve analysis method was applied to investigate the alteration of plasma metabolites in rats after oral administration of PMPE (40 g/kg/d) for 28 days. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the significant difference in metabolic profiling was observed in the PMPE-induced liver injury group, and sixteen highly specific biomarkers were identified. These metabolites were mainly enriched into bile acids, lipids, and energy metabolisms, indicating that PMPE-induced liver injury could be related to cholestasis and dysregulated lipid metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: This study is contributed to understand the potential pathogenesis of PMP-induced liver injury. The metabonomic method may be a valuable tool for the clinical diagnosis of PMP-induced liver injury.

15.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(5): E906-E908, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730492

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious respiratory disease that threatens global health. During the pandemic period of COVID-19, the task for prevention in the general ward of cardiovascular surgery is fairly arduous. The present study intends to summarize our experience with infection control, including ward setting, admission procedures, personnel management, health education, and so on, to provide references for clinical management.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/normas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Guias como Assunto , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Quartos de Pacientes/normas , Centros de Atenção Terciária , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/cirurgia , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Cells ; 10(11)2021 11 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34831483

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, is characterized by amyloid-ß (Aß) accumulation, microglia-associated neuroinflammation, and synaptic loss. The detailed neuropathologic characteristics in early-stage AD, however, are largely unclear. We evaluated the pathologic brain alterations in young adult App knock-in model AppNL-G-F mice at 3 and 6 months of age, which corresponds to early-stage AD. At 3 months of age, microglia expression in the cortex and hippocampus was significantly decreased. By the age of 6 months, the number and function of the microglia increased, accompanied by progressive amyloid-ß deposition, synaptic dysfunction, neuroinflammation, and dysregulation of ß-catenin and NF-κB signaling pathways. The neuropathologic changes were more severe in female mice than in male mice. Oral administration of dioscin, a natural product, ameliorated the neuropathologic alterations in young AppNL-G-F mice. Our findings revealed microglia-based sex-differential neuropathologic changes in a mouse model of early-stage AD and therapeutic efficacy of dioscin on the brain lesions. Dioscin may represent a potential treatment for AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Diosgenina/análogos & derivados , Microglia/patologia , Caracteres Sexuais , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/ultraestrutura , Citocinas/metabolismo , Diosgenina/farmacologia , Diosgenina/uso terapêutico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Modelos Biológicos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Sinapses/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinapses/patologia , Sinapses/ultraestrutura , beta Catenina/metabolismo
17.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(9): 814-20, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569204

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical effect of acupoint application of Chinese herbal medicine in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting after orthopaedic surgery under general anesthesia. METHODS: From January 2018 to December 2019, 168 patients who met inclusion criteria and were underwent selective spine surgery, were double-blind divided into two groups according to central random system, 84 patients in each group. In control group, there were 39 males and 45 females aged from 30 to 65 years old with an average of (53.83±9.17) years old, 37 patients were classified to typeⅠand 47 patients were typeⅡ according to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grading. In experiment group, there were 39 males and 45 females aged from 30 to 65 years old with an average of (54.08±9.00) years old; 32 patients were classified to typeⅠand 52 patients were typeⅡ according to ASA grading. Both of two groups were obtained acupoint application before anesthesia induction, and acupoint application were put on Zhongwan (CV 12) and bilateral Neiguan (PC 6) for 6 h, changed after 24 h, last for 2 d. The drug prescription of plasters in experimental group was consist of Rhizome Pinelliae Preparata, Ginger and Clove. The plasters in control group was consistent with drug plasters in experimental group in appearance and smell to the greatest extent. The ingredients were flour and excipients with 10% of experimental drug concentration. Incidence of nausea vomiting, visual analogue scale (VAS) of narusea degree at 24 h and 24 to 48 h after operation between two groups were compared, SF- 12 simple quality of life score before operation, 24 and 48 h after operation were also compared by using R3.6.1 Rstudio software by the third-party. RESULTS: There were no statistical differences in incidence of nausea vomiting, VAS of narusea degree at 24 h after operation (P>0.05), while there were no differences in incidence of nausea vomiting, VAS of narusea degree at 24 to 48 h after operation (P>0.05) . There were no statistical differences in SF-12 before operation, 24 and 48 h after opertaion (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: The curative effect of acupoint application of traditional Chinese medicine on the prevention and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting is not obvious.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Adulto , Idoso , Anestesia Geral , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/prevenção & controle , Qualidade de Vida
18.
Vascul Pharmacol ; 141: 106920, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592429

RESUMO

Angiogenesis is crucial for tissue damage repair in ischemic cardiovascular diseases. Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) acts as a vital mediator in angiogenesis. In this study, tetrandrine (Tet) was found from 23 herbal chemicals to increase VEGF-A mRNA expression in H9c2 cells and the effect was confirmed in freshly isolated neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. The effect of Tet on VEGF-A expression and the possible mechanism were investigated. Tet treatment increased de novo VEGF-A mRNA synthesis and did not affect VEGF-A mRNA stability. The circulating chromosome conformation capture (4C) experiments indicated that Tet enhanced VEGF-A transcription by targeting a regulatory element beyond the 2.6 kb region of the translation start site. Tet augmented the angiogenic activities of endothelial cells. It also enhanced blood flow restoration and capillary vessel density following ischemic limb injury associated with an escalation of VEGF-A expression. Moreover, in myocardial infarction (MI) model Tet treatment elevated neovascularization, reduced infarction size, and improved heart function via upregulating VEGF-A levels. Our results suggested that Tet increased VEGF-A transcription through a novel mechanism that likely involves a distant regulatory element and may be useful for therapeutic angiogenesis for ischemic diseases.


Assuntos
Benzilisoquinolinas , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Animais , Benzilisoquinolinas/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Ratos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
19.
J Chromatogr A ; 1655: 462504, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487881

RESUMO

Despite the extensive consumption of ginseng, precise quality control of different ginseng products is highly challenging due to the containing of ginsenosides in common for different Panax species or different parts (e.g. root, leaf, and flower) of a same species. Herein we performed a comparative investigation of diverse ginseng products by simultaneously assaying 15 saponins (notoginsenoside R1, ginsenosides Rg1, -Re, -Rf, -Ra2, -Rb1, -Rc, -Ro, -Rb2, -Rb3, -Rd, 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3, 24(R)-pseudoginsenoside F11, chikusetsusaponins IV, and -IVa) using an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography/charged aerosol detector (UHPLC-CAD) approach. Twelve Panax-derived ginseng products (involving P. ginseng root, P. quinquefolius root, P. notoginseng root, Red ginseng, P. ginseng leaf, P. quinquefolius leaf, P. notoginseng leaf, P. ginseng flower, P. quinquefolius flower, P. notoginseng flower, P. japonicus root, and P. japonicus var. major root) were considered. Benefiting from the condition optimization, the baseline resolution of 15 ginsenosides was achieved on a CORTECS UPLC Shield RP18 column. This method was validated as specific, precise (0.81-1.94% intra-day variation; 0.86-2.35% inter-day variation), and accurate (recovery: 90.73-107.5%), with good linearity (R2 > 0.999), high sensitivity (limit of detection: 0.02-0.21 µg; limit of quantitation: 0.04-0.42 µg) and sample stability (1.49-4.74%). Its application to 119 batches of ginseng samples unveiled vital information enabling the authentication of these different ginseng products. Detection of ginsenosides by CAD exhibited superiority over UV in sensitivity and the ability to monitor chromophore-free structures. Large-scale comparative studies by quantifying multiple markers provide methodological reference to the precise quality control of herbal medicine.


Assuntos
Ginsenosídeos , Panax , Aerossóis , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ginsenosídeos/análise
20.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 205: 114328, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418675

RESUMO

The efficacy of raw and processed products of Polygonum multiflorum (PM) varies greatly. "Nine cycles of steaming and sunning" (NCSS) is recognized as an effective technology in enhancing efficacy and reducing toxicity for PM. In this paper, PM was prepared differently into three groups (including group R, M, and "9"), which represent raw PM, PM processed using the method of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (ChP) and PM processed using traditional NCSS, respectively. The purpose is to establish an effective method to distinguish raw PM from different processed products and highlight the rationality of processing technology. The main organic compounds that could distinguish these three groups of samples were identified by in-depth mining of mass spectral information and various chemometric methods. Level of related metal cations have been quantified and used as another important distinguishing markers. The electronic tongue was utilized to determine the taste traits of aqueous extract from PM. Furthermore, the material basis that caused the difference in taste was discovered according to correlation analysis. In detail, saltiness has the most important contribution associated with the concentrations of K+ and Na+, however, bitterness and astringency were mainly associated with the contents of epicatechin gallate, catechin, procyanidin B1, procyanidin B2 and epicatechin. This study proposed a novel and effective strategy for identification of processing technology of PM. It lays the foundation for clarifying the modern scientific recommendations of processing technology to PM. On the other hand, it also provides a reference for related researches on other traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).


Assuntos
Fallopia multiflora , Polygonum , Cromatografia Líquida , Nariz Eletrônico , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Paladar
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