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1.
Talanta ; 221: 121653, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076168

RESUMO

Rapid detection of cell viability is of importance for various aspects of basic and applied research. However, the most commonly used MTT assay suffers from some disadvantages of time-consuming, poor solubility of formazan crystals, and interference of cell extracts, resulting in either delayed results or inconsistent cell viability. Accumulating evidences show that mitochondrial activity is closely associated with cell proliferation and apoptosis, making it valuable for real-time monitoring of cell fates. Herein, we present a novel type of cell-permeant mitochondrial dyes, composed of coumarin-quinoline conjugates (CQCs), for assessing cell viability through monitoring mitochondrial dynamic changes. CQCs exhibited superior preference for mitochondria, and could sensitively monitor their fissions under pathological conditions. Particularly, CQCs could accurately assess the cell viability within 10 min, allowing for rapidly evaluating therapeutic effects with high sensitivity and accuracy, in comparison of MTT assay. Therefore, CQCs provide a proof-of-concept assay that is appropriately practical either independently or in complementation with other assays for the analysis of cellular viability in broad range of biomedical applications.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 582(Pt A): 112-123, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814219

RESUMO

Multifunctional cotton fabrics have attracted significant attention as next-generation wearable materials. Herein, we report a facile method for the fabrication of flexible and wearable cotton fabrics with ultra-high electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding, antibacterial, and superhydrophobic properties. Cotton fabrics were first coated chemically with silver nanoparticles using polydopamine as adhesive and then with hydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane or polyimide. The introduction of polydopamine significantly increased the bond between silver nanoparticles and cotton fibers, thereby preventing silver nanoparticles from falling off the surface. The composite fabrics exhibited a high conductivity of ~1000 S/cm, and their EMI shielding effectiveness increased up to ~110 dB. The composite fabrics exhibited excellent self-cleaning performance and acid-alkali corrosion resistance because of their superhydrophobicity. Notably, the fabric composites showed a significant antibacterial action against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.

3.
Food Chem ; 335: 127620, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739810

RESUMO

A non-enzymatic browning reaction occurs easily in Dongbei Suancai (DS) during storage. Using the method of path analysis, the changes in contents of VC (ascorbic acid), polyphenol, reducing sugar, amino nitrogen, and 5-HMF (5-hydroxymethyl furfural) were investigated to analyze the direct pathways and determinants of browning caused by pre-production blanching at 100 °C (R-100), salt-addition increased from 2% to 6% (Y-6) and fermentation time extended from 30 d to 40 d (T-40), respectively. The results showed that R-100 could delay the browning by inhibiting two direct pathways of oxidative decomposition of VC and oxidation-polymerization of polyphenols, but T-40 could lead to an increase in degree of browning for which primary determinant was the interaction between polyphenol and reducing sugar, while Y-6 had no obvious effect on browning pathway and determinants. R-100 was thus deemed to be a good measure with inhibiting non-enzymatic browning in DS during storage.


Assuntos
Fermentação , Reação de Maillard , Verduras/química , Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Carboidratos/análise , Furaldeído/análogos & derivados , Furaldeído/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Oxirredução , Polifenóis/análise
4.
Syst Rev ; 9(1): 258, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the impact of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the mental health of the patients has been limited by the lack of relevant data. With the rapid and sustained growth of the publications on COVID-19 research, we will perform a living systematic review (LSR) to provide comprehensive and continuously updated data to explore the prevalence of delirium, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We will perform a comprehensive search of the following databases: Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Chinese Biomedicine Literature to identify relevant studies. We will include peer-reviewed cross-sectional studies published in English and Chinese. Two reviewers will independently assess the methodological quality of included studies using the Joanna Briggs Institute Prevalence Critical Appraisal tool and perform data extraction. In the absence of clinical heterogeneity, the prevalence estimates with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of delirium, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) will be calculated by using random-effects model to minimize the effect of between-study heterogeneity separately. The literature searches will be updated every 3 months. We will perform meta-analysis if any new eligible studies or data are obtained. We will resubmit an updated review when there were relevant changes in the results, i.e., when outcomes became statistically significant (or not statistically significant anymore) or when heterogeneity became substantial (or not substantial anymore). DISCUSSION: This LSR will provide an in-depth and up-to-date summary of whether the common neuropsychiatric conditions observed in patients hospitalized for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) are also prevalent in a different stage of COVID-19 patients. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42020196610.

5.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(6): 5479, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174049

RESUMO

After the publication of the above paper, the authors have noticed that the affiliations were presented incorrectly; essentially, Drs Rong­qiang Yang, Peng­fei Guo, Qing­nan Meng, Ya Gao, Imran Khan, Xiao­bo Wang and Zheng­jun Cui are based at the Department of Burn and Repair Reconstruction Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, whereas Drs Zhao Ma and Cheng Chang are located at The School of Basic Medical Science of Zhengzhou University. Therefore, the affiliations for this paper should have appeared as follows: Rong­Qiang Yang1, Peng­Fei Guo1, Zhao Ma2, Cheng Chang2, Qing­Nan Meng1, Ya Gao1, Imran Khan1, Xiao­Bo Wang1 and Zheng­Jun Cui1. 1Department of Burn and Repair Reconstruction Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University; 2The School of Basic Medical Science of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, P.R. China. The authors regret that these errors with the author affiliations were not noticed prior to the publication of their paper, and apologize for any inconvenience caused. [the original article was published in Molecular Medicine Reports 22: 3405-3417, 2020; DOI: 10.3892/mmr.2020.11413].

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33208064

RESUMO

AIM AND OBJECTIVE: Given the rapidly increasing number of molecular biology data available, computational methods of low complexity are necessary to infer protein structure, function, and evolution. METHOD: In the work, we proposed a novel mthod, FermatS, which based on the global position information and local position representation from the curve and normalized moments of inertia, respectively, to extract features information of protein sequences. Furthermore, we use the generated features by FermatS method to analyze the similarity/dissimilarity of nine ND5 proteins and establish the prediction model of DNA-binding proteins based on logistic regression with 5-fold crossvalidation. RESULTS: In the similarity/dissimilarity analysis of nine ND5 proteins, the results are consistent with evolutionary theory. Moreover, this method can effectively predict the DNA-binding proteins in realistic situations. CONCLUSION: The findings demonstrate that the proposed method is effective for comparing, recognizing and predicting protein sequences. The main code and datasets can download from https://github.com/GaoYa1122/FermatS..

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159544

RESUMO

To study the difference in transcriptome level of fatty acid metabolism pathway in Bamei pork and the difference of pork quality caused by the difference. In this study, Bamei pigs breeding in Huzhu farm of QingHai province were selected as the test object, compared with Gansu Black pigs. Four indexes of nutmeg acid (DX1), palmitic acid (DX2), stearic acid (DX3) and linoleic acid (DX4) were set. The expression profiles of fat metabolism related genes between the two groups samples were analysed by GCMS metabolomics and transcriptomics, then coexpression network analysis were conducted to obtain phenotypic related genes. The results showed that the metabolic levels of DX3 and DX4 were significantly higher than those of other fatty acids. Among these differences, the ENSSSCG00000024681 (G1) and ENSSSCG00000036883 (G2) genes play important regulatory roles in fatty acid metabolism, and the upregulated expression of their gene obviously affects the level of fatty acid metabolism, thereby affecting the quality and taste of pork. In addition, we found that there was a good correlation between the same lines, and the genetic traits of the hybrid lines of Bamei pig and Black pig are more inclined to Bamei pig. In the independent fatty acid metabolism, "Mg2+"and flavin adenine dinucleotide are more active, which plays an important role in energy utilization. Therefore, we can be inferred that the metabolism of stearic acid and linoleic acid are important fatty acids for pork quality. It also further confirms that the research method of combined omics is of great significance for the study of species traits and gene functions.

8.
Neurochem Res ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185801

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation is involved in the pathology and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and is closely related to microglial activation. We have previously reported that cattle encephalon glycoside and ignotin (CEGI) could inhibit the activation of microglia in APP/PS1 mice, a mouse model of familial AD. However, the anti-neuroinflammatory mechanisms of CEGI have not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of CEGI in microglia-mediated neuroinflammation in AD. APP/PS1 mice were treated with CEGI intraperitoneally for 30 days, and then their cognition was assessed. We showed that CEGI alleviated cognitive damage with higher nesting scores, preferential indices, and spontaneous alternation rates in APP/PS1 mice. Moreover, CEGI treatment effectively reduced microglial activation and Iba-1 levels in the cortex of APP/PS1 mice. Additionally, CEGI decreased pro-inflammatory factors production and neuroinflammation-mediated neuronal damage in vivo and in vitro. Finally, CEGI upregulated BDNF levels and downregulated TLR4 and p-NF-κB p65 levels in vivo and in vitro. Taken together, these findings indicated that CEGI could attenuate cognitive deficits in APP/PS1 mice and suppress microglia-induced neuroinflammation via increasing BDNF expression and inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB pathway.

9.
Allergy ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185910

RESUMO

The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has caused an unprecedented global social and economic impact, and high numbers of deaths. Many risk factors have been identified in the progression of COVID-19 into a severe and critical stage, including old age, male gender, underlying comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity, chronic lung disease, heart, liver and kidney diseases, tumors, clinically apparent immunodeficiencies, local immunodeficiencies, such as early type-I interferon secretion capacity, and pregnancy. Possible complications include acute respiratory distress syndrome, shock, disseminated coagulopathy, acute kidney injury, pulmonary embolism, and secondary bacterial pneumonia. The development of lymphopenia and eosinopenia are laboratory indicators of COVID-19. Laboratory parameters to monitor disease progression include lactate dehydrogenase, procalcitonin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1ß, Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) and ferritin. The development of a cytokine storm and extensive chest computed tomography imaging patterns are indicators of a severe disease. In addition, socioeconomic status, diet, lifestyle, geographical differences, ethnicity, exposed viral load, day of initiation of treatment, and quality of health care have been reported to influence individual outcomes. In this review, we highlight the scientific evidence on the risk factors of severity of COVID-19.

11.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090488

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of scoparone (SCO) in hepatic fibrosis. For this, we conducted in vivo and in vitro experiments. In vivo rats that were divided into six groups, control, carbon tetrachloride, and colchicine, as well as SCO groups, SCO50, SCO100, and SCO200 treated with 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg SCO doses, respectively. Furthermore, SCO was shown to inhibit Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4)/nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB; TLR-4/NF-κB) signals by inhibiting TLR-4, which in turn downregulates the expression of MyD88, promotes NF-κB inhibitor-α, NF-κB inhibitor-ß, and NF-κB inhibitor-ε activation, while inhibiting NF-κB inhibitor-ζ. Subsequently, the decrease of phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB levels leads to the downregulation of the downstream inflammatory factors' tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-1 beta, thus weakening hepatic fibrosis. Notably, the SCO200 treated group presented the most significant improvement. Hence, we conclude that SCO alleviates hepatic fibrosis by inhibiting TLR-4/NF-κB signals.

12.
J Epidemiol ; 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012776

RESUMO

BackgroundTo investigate the causal link between early-life exposures and long-term health consequences, we established the Tianjin Birth Cohort (TJBC), a large-scale prospective cohort in northern China.MethodsTJBC aims to enroll 10,000 families with follow-ups from pregnancy until children's six year-old. Pregnant women and their spouses were recruited through a three-tier antenatal healthcare system at early pregnancy, with follow-ups at mid-pregnancy, late pregnancy, delivery, 42 days after delivery, 6 months after delivery and each year until 6 year-old. Antenatal/neonatal examination, biological samples and questionnaires were collected.ResultsFrom August 2017 to January 2019, a total of 3,924 pregnant women has already been enrolled, and 1697 women have given birth. We observed the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus as 18.1%, anemia as 20.4%, and thyroid hypofunction as 2.0%. In singleton live births, 5.6% were preterm birth (PTB), 3.7% were low birth weight and 7.3% were macrosomia. Based on current data, we also identified maternal/paternal factors which increased the risk of PTB, including paternal age (OR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.01-1.14 for each year increase), vaginal bleeding during pregnancy (OR, 2.82; 95% CI, 1.54-5.17) and maternal early-pregnancy BMI (OR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01-1.15 for each kg/m2 increase).ConclusionTJBC has the strength of collecting comprehensive maternal, paternal and childhood information. With a diverse range of biological samples, we are also engaging with emerging new technologies for multi-omics researches. The study would provide new insight into the causal link between macro/micro-environmental exposures of early life and short/long-term health consequences.

13.
J Invest Dermatol ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069730

RESUMO

It has been widely recognized that mechanical stretch can regulate the fate of stem cells. Previous researches have shown that short-term mechanical stretch induces stem cell proliferation through activating the predominant transcription factor YAP, and YAP is a critical modulator in controlling epidermal proliferation. However, our study finds that after this phase, the cell growth arrest appears which is induced by long-term mechanical stretch. In the interfollicular epidermal stem cells (IFESCs) undergoing long-term mechanical stretch in vivo and in vitro, the level of H3K27me3 and its histone methyltransferase EZH2 are significantly elevated with suppressed expression of the target genes of YAP. EZH2 forms repressive H3K27me3 that suppresses gene transcription. Small-molecule inhibitor of EZH2 rescues significantly the cell growth arrest in IFESCs induced by long-term mechanical stretch, thus promoting epidermal proliferation in vivo again. These findings reveal that there is an unexpected correlation between stem cell proliferation and the duration of mechanical stretch regulated by EZH2. This study of long-term mechanical stretch that induces the cell growth arrest provides a strategy for clinical translation to promote skin regeneration.

14.
Life Sci ; 262: 118546, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035580

RESUMO

Studies have reported that taraxasterol (TAR) is effective in the treatment of immune liver injury and alcoholic liver injury. The mechanism of action is mainly related to the inhibition of inflammation. To determine the key molecular mechanisms for the effect of TAR on alleviating ethanol and high-fat diet-induced liver injury, pathological morphology, biochemistry, oxidative stress, inflammatory response and lipid metabolism were examined. Our results showed that TAR could inhibit ethanol-induced hepatocyte death or lipid accumulation, and suppress oxidative stress, inflammatory response and lipid metabolism disorders. More specifically, ethanol-induced TLR-4 and MyD88 inflammatory response were down-regulated, when treated with TAR. Production of CYP2E1, Nrf2 and HO-1, which produced in response to increased oxidative stress, were regulated in TAR treated, ethanol-induced hepatocytes. In summary, TAR could inhibit the inflammatory response and oxidative stress, which was related to the regulation of TAR on TLR-4/MyD88/NF-κB and Nrf2/HO-1 pathways.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128532

RESUMO

Marchantia polymorpha L. (MPL), a common type of liverwort, has been used as herbal medicine to improve liver function in China for many years. Although modern studies revealed that MPL contains various polyphenols, terpenoids, and bis[bibenzyls], its biological effects on liver function have never been systemically studied in any animal model. In this study, flavonoids were extracted from MPL and the components in the MPL flavonoids as well as the antioxidant capacity of MPL flavonoids were analysed. A rat model of liver injury was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 10% carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). MPL flavonoids were administered daily at a dose of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg body weight to the rats for 2 weeks prior to injection of CC14. Treatment with MPL flavonoids, especially at a dose of 200 mg/kg, attenuated CCl4-induced increases in alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, nitric oxide, malondialdehyde, tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1ß, and interleukin-6, as well as reductions in superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. Microarray analyses showed that co-treatment with MPL flavonoids and CCl4 up-regulated many antioxidant and anti-apoptotic genes, but down-regulated several pro-inflammatory genes, compared to treatment with CCl4 alone. PCR and western blot assays further identified that MPL flavonoids increased GPX1, TMX1, TXN, and XIAP expression, but decreased IL-1 and IL1RAP expression and inhibited Jak/stat3 signalling. In conclusion, MPL flavonoids exerted hepatoprotective effects via antioxidant and gene regulatory mechanisms. (Altern Ther Health Med.

16.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(46): 28960-28970, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33127761

RESUMO

Inhibition of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 in combination with blockade of the PD-1/PD-L1 T cell checkpoint induces T cell infiltration and anticancer responses in murine and human pancreatic cancer. Here we elucidate the mechanism by which CXCR4 inhibition affects the tumor immune microenvironment. In human immune cell-based chemotaxis assays, we find that CXCL12-stimulated CXCR4 inhibits the directed migration mediated by CXCR1, CXCR3, CXCR5, CXCR6, and CCR2, respectively, chemokine receptors expressed by all of the immune cell types that participate in an integrated immune response. Inhibiting CXCR4 in an experimental cancer medicine study by 1-wk continuous infusion of the small-molecule inhibitor AMD3100 (plerixafor) induces an integrated immune response that is detected by transcriptional analysis of paired biopsies of metastases from patients with microsatellite stable colorectal and pancreatic cancer. This integrated immune response occurs in three other examples of immune-mediated damage to noninfected tissues: Rejecting renal allografts, melanomas clinically responding to anti-PD1 antibody therapy, and microsatellite instable colorectal cancers. Thus, signaling by CXCR4 causes immune suppression in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and colorectal cancer by impairing the function of the chemokine receptors that mediate the intratumoral accumulation of immune cells.

17.
Adv Mater ; : e2005295, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33118267

RESUMO

Despite multiple treatment options being available, many critical challenges are still ongoing in the treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Particularly, the major hurdle is to avoid facial disfigurement and oral function disability during treatment. Herein, nanoengineered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are developed as a supersonosensitizer, named M/LPV/O2 , for improving nondestructive sonodynamic therapy (SDT) against OSCC along with good therapeutic compliance. M/LPV/O2 is composed of an MSCs membrane functionalized liposomal formulation of oxygen-loading perfluorocarbon and sonosensitizer verteporfin (M/LPV/O2 ), which can not only increase circulation and targeting efficacy but also supply oxygen to overcome tumor-hypoxia-associated resistance in SDT, resulting in enhanced therapeutic outcomes in vitro and in vivo. It is identified that M/LPV/O2 effectively stimulates the generation of reactive oxygen species even in hypoxic conditions, and consequently tremendously induces cancer cell death. In addition, M/LPV/O2 displays good tumor accumulation and penetration under ultrasound stimulation, and efficiently induces tumor inhibition and even abrogation, leading to prolonged survival of tumor-bearing mice. Importantly, M/LPV/O2 -based SDT exhibits minimal systemic adverse effects and successfully maintains oral functions with no facial tissue damage. Therefore, these studies provide a promising therapeutic strategy for OSCC, which has a potential to enhance life quality and compliance after treatment.

18.
Exp Physiol ; 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959905

RESUMO

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are widely involved in the progression of Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR), but the role of actin filament associated protein 1 antisense RNA1 (AFAP1-AS1), an lncRNA, in HSCR has not been explored before. What is the main finding and its importance? Downregulation of AFAP1-AS1 blocks enteric neural crest stem cell proliferation, differentiation, migration and invasion and promotes the occurrence of HSCR via the miR-195/E2F3 axis, indicating thatAFAP1-AS might be a potential biomarker for HSCR patients. ABSTRACT: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in several human disorders. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether they are implicated in the phenotypes of enteric neural crest stem cells (ENCSCs) in Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR). Therefore, we designed this study to explore the pathogenicity of AFAP1-AS1 for HSCR. Microarray analysis and bioinformatic tools were used to screen out the differentially lncRNAs and microRNAs (miRNAs) in patients with HSCR. Small interference RNA transfection was applied to carry out functional experiments in ENCSCs. Cellular activities were detected by cell counting kit-8, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine, Transwell assays and flow cytometry. Finally, rescue experiments were performed to examine the cofunction of AFAP1-AS1 and miR-195 and of miR-195 and E2F transcription factor 3 (E2F3). AFAP1-AS1 was reduced in HSCR patients. Meanwhile, knockdown of AFAP1-AS1 reduced the cell migratory and proliferative capacities and facilitated cell apoptosis along with G0/G1 phase arrest. E2F3 was diminished when miR-195 was upregulated, and AFAP1-AS1 inhibition reduced its ability to bind to miR-195. Altogether, AFAP1-AS1 silencing acts as an endogenous RNA by interacting with miR-195 to alter E2F3 expression, thus conferring repressive effects on ENCSC activity and promoting HSCR progression.

19.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(42): 11855-11862, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986429

RESUMO

In plants, glutathione (GSH) is crucial for the detoxification and tolerance of heavy metals. However, the change characteristics and decisive enzymes involved in GSH metabolism under heavy metal exposure are still unclear. Based on long-term exposure cultivation of spinach and monitoring of the change trends of enzyme activity and GSH contents in response to cadmium (Cd) stress, these issues were clarified. Spinach goes through three statuses in sequence in response to Cd stress, that is, perception status (PS), response status (RS), and new stable status. With the increase in the Cd concentration, the durations of the PS and RS and the time to reach the peaks in the roots were shorter. However, the durations of the PS and the time to reach the peaks in the leaves were longer. The enzyme activities changed significantly in response to diverse Cd stress in RS. γ-glutamyl transpeptidase was vital to the GSH content in roots. Glutathione synthase was important for the GSH content in leaves. The results of this study provide valuable information to find an efficient way to perform GSH adjustments to fulfill the goal of ensuring food safety.

20.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 41, 2020 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887670

RESUMO

The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of a rapidly spreading illness, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), affecting more than seventeen million people around the world. Diagnosis and treatment guidelines for clinicians caring for patients are needed. In the early stage, we have issued "A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version)"; now there are many direct evidences emerged and may change some of previous recommendations and it is ripe for develop an evidence-based guideline. We formed a working group of clinical experts and methodologists. The steering group members proposed 29 questions that are relevant to the management of COVID-19 covering the following areas: chemoprophylaxis, diagnosis, treatments, and discharge management. We searched the literature for direct evidence on the management of COVID-19, and assessed its certainty generated recommendations using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Recommendations were either strong or weak, or in the form of ungraded consensus-based statement. Finally, we issued 34 statements. Among them, 6 were strong recommendations for, 14 were weak recommendations for, 3 were weak recommendations against and 11 were ungraded consensus-based statement. They covered topics of chemoprophylaxis (including agents and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) agents), diagnosis (including clinical manifestations, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), respiratory tract specimens, IgM and IgG antibody tests, chest computed tomography, chest x-ray, and CT features of asymptomatic infections), treatments (including lopinavir-ritonavir, umifenovir, favipiravir, interferon, remdesivir, combination of antiviral drugs, hydroxychloroquine/chloroquine, interleukin-6 inhibitors, interleukin-1 inhibitors, glucocorticoid, qingfei paidu decoction, lianhua qingwen granules/capsules, convalescent plasma, lung transplantation, invasive or noninvasive ventilation, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)), and discharge management (including discharge criteria and management plan in patients whose RT-PCR retesting shows SARS-CoV-2 positive after discharge). We also created two figures of these recommendations for the implementation purpose. We hope these recommendations can help support healthcare workers caring for COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Quimioprevenção/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Alta do Paciente/normas , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
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