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1.
ISA Trans ; 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493381

RESUMO

For power generation management and power system dispatching, it is of big significance to predict the consumption of electric energy accurately. For the sake of improving the prediction accuracy of power consumption, taking the complex features of time series data into consideration, a novel neural network sandwich structure with an improved attention mechanism is inserted into the double-layer bidirectional long short-term memory network shortened as A-DBLSTM is put forward in this article. In A-DBLSTM, compared with traditional attention mechanism, the presented attention mechanism focuses on different features in each time unit and the A-DBLLSTM network extracts time information in sequence. The parameter optimization of A-DBLSTM is based on the method of particle swarm optimization (PSO). For confirming the effectiveness and feasibility of A-DBLSTM, case studies using two datasets of the hourly temperature values and power loads between 2012 and 2014 and the electric energy consumption are carried out. The experimental results indicate that the presented A-DBLSTM with the novel sandwich network structure achieves superior performance in the aspects of the mean square error, root mean square, the average absolute error and the mean absolute percentage error to other advanced methods. What is more, the factors that have the greatest impact on the prediction performance can be found through analyzing the heatmap of the attention layer.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26545, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plenty of studies have showed matrix metalloproteinase 14 (MMP14) expression might be associated with the prognosis of gastric cancer (GC). However, no definite conclusion has been obtained for the contradictory results. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of science, Embase, and Cochrane library for eligible studies. The association between MMP14 expression and prognostic outcomes of GC was evaluated. Hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were integrated to show the effect of MMP14 expression on the overall survival (OS) or recurrence-free survival (RFS). Data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) was used to validate the association of MMP14 expression with OS or RFS in GC. A brief bioinformatics analysis was also performed to determine the prognostic role of MMP14 expression in GC. RESULTS: High MMP14 expression was associated with shorter OS compared to low MMP14 expression in GC (HR = 1.95, P < .01). Patients with high MMP14 expression tended to have worse differentiation (P = .03), deeper tumor invasion (P < .01), earlier lymph node metastasis (P < .01), earlier distant metastasis (P < .01) and more advanced clinical stage (P < .01) compared to those with low MMP14 expression. The data from TCGA and GEO showed MMP14 was overexpressed in tumor tissues compared to normal tissues (P < .05), and high MMP14 expression was significantly related to shorter OS (HR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.32-2.20, P < .01) and RFS (HR = 1.45, 95% CI = 1.15-1.83, P < .01) compared to low MMP14 expression in GC. Expression of MMP14 was linked to functional networks involving the biological process, metabolic process, response to stimulus, cell communication and so on. Functional network analysis suggested that MMP14 regulated the protein digestion and absorption, extracellular matrix receptor interaction, focal adhesion, ribosome, spliceosome, and so on. CONCLUSION: High MMP14 expression was associated with worse prognosis of GC compared to low MMP14 expression. MMP14 expression could serve as a prognostic factor and potential therapeutic target of GC.


Assuntos
DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Metaloproteinase 14 da Matriz/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 14 da Matriz/biossíntese , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo
3.
Bosn J Basic Med Sci ; 21(4): 495-500, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485293

RESUMO

Sarcotubular myopathy (STM) is a rare autosomal recessive myopathy caused by TRIM32 gene mutations. It is predominantly characterized by the weakness of the proximal limb and mild to moderate elevation of creatine kinase (CK) levels. In this study, we describe a 50-year-old Chinese man who exhibited a proximal-to-distal weakness in the muscles of the lower limbs and who had difficulty standing up from a squat position. The symptoms gradually became more severe. He denied a history of cognitive or cardiological problems. The patient's parents and children were healthy. Histopathological examination revealed dystrophic changes and irregular slit-shaped vacuoles containing amorphous materials. Whole-exome sequencing consisting of protein-encoding regions of 19,396 genes was performed, the results of which identified one novel homozygous 2kb deletion chr9.hg19: g.119460021_119461983del (exon2) in the TRIM32 gene. This was confirmed at the homozygous state with quantitative real-time PCR. Here, we present a Chinese case of STM with one novel mutation in TRIM32 and provide a brief summary of all known pathogenic mutations in TRIM32.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22616, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019482

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSDs) are inflammatory demyelinating disorders of the central nervous system; they are characterized by severe optic neuritis and transverse myelitis. Intravenous methylprednisolone pulse (IVMP) therapy is an effective treatment that is administered to patients in the acute phase of NMOSD; this therapy has achieved remarkable results in clinical practice. However, there are no reports on NMOSD patients who have experienced an acute bilateral cerebral infarction while undergoing IVMP treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report on a 62-yr-old woman who was undergoing IVMP therapy for the primary diagnosis of NMOSD. Unexpectedly, the patient's existing limb weakness worsened, and she developed motor aphasia on the second day of IVMP treatment. Additionally, brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed acute bilateral cerebral infarction. DIAGNOSIS: The patient's clinical manifestations, medical imaging results, and laboratory test results were taken into consideration; the final diagnosis was acute bilateral cerebral infarction in the presence of NMOSD. INTERVENTIONS: Subsequent to the onset of acute cerebral infarction, the patient was immediately treated with oral aspirin, atorvastatin, and intravenous butylphthalide. The hormone dose was adjusted to an oral 60-mg/d dose for maintenance; this was followed by immunoadsorption plasmapheresis for 3 days, and double-filtration plasmapheresis for 2 days. OUTCOMES: Following treatment onset, the patient's ocular symptoms significantly improved, and her limb muscle strength gradually recovered. Two months after discharge, the patient's husband reported that she was able to walk with the help of others and take care of herself, and that there was no recurrence. LESSONS: Medical professionals must be aware of the possibility of NMOSD patients with cerebrovascular risk factors suffering an acute cerebral infarction while undergoing high-dose IVMP therapy, as this therapy can exacerbate existing problems.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto Cerebral/etiologia , Neuromielite Óptica/complicações , Neuromielite Óptica/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Afasia de Broca/induzido quimicamente , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Atorvastatina/uso terapêutico , Benzofuranos/administração & dosagem , Benzofuranos/uso terapêutico , Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Plasmaferese/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 66(5): 29-35, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040809

RESUMO

This research was set up to explore the neural mechanisms of acupuncture in the treatment of bronchial asthma in rats by detecting the content of substance P(SP), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), neurokinin A(NKA), neurokinin B (NKB), cyclic adenosine monophosphate/cyclic guanosine monophosphate ratio (cAMP/cGMP) and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining for the pathological changes of lung tissue, in order to Institute Certain Experimental and Theoretical Foundation for Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Prevention and Treatment of Bronchial Asthma. For this purpose, fifty healthy adult Wistar male rats, weighing 200-250 g, were randomly divided into 5 groups: normal control group A, asthma control group B, asthma acupuncture group C, adrenalectomy (ADX)-asthma  group D, adrenalectomy (ADX)-asthma acupuncture group E. Group A was raised with other groups at the same period; Group B was induced asthma by ovalbumin; Group C was induced asthma as Group B and then acupunctured five acupoints (bilateral Feishu, bilateral Fengmen, and Dazhui); Group D was induced asthma after adrenalectomy; group E was treated with acupuncture on the basis of group D. HE staining was performed in the lung tissue of rats from each group, and histopathologic changes were observed. SP, VIP, NKA, NKB in each rat lung tissue were measured by immunohistochemistry. cAMP/cGMP was measured with ELISA to speculate the neural mechanisms of acupuncture in the treatment of bronchial asthma. The results were as: decrease of cAMP/cGMP and VIP and increase of SP, NKA, NKB in the lung tissue are the neural mechanisms of an asthma attack. The increase of cAMP/cGMP and decrease of NKA, NKB, SP and VIP in the lung tissue of group C indicated the improvement of bronchial asthma symptoms. It is possible that the decrease of NKA and NKB, increase of cAMP/cGMP and a slight change of SP and VIP in group E were related to the reduction of glucocorticoid after ADX which influenced the effect of acupuncture. The neural regulation mechanisms of acupuncture in the treatment of bronchial asthma were related to bronchiectasis caused by stimulation of adrenergic nerve and inhibition of the vagus nerve function by acupuncture, and related to the release of inflammatory mediators.


Assuntos
Asma/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Animais , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , GMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Neurocinina B/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Substância P/metabolismo , Peptídeo Intestinal Vasoativo/metabolismo
6.
Neuropathology ; 40(1): 104-108, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828823

RESUMO

Nemaline myopathy (NEM) is a congenital myopathy that typically presents with proximal muscle weakness and hypotonia. To date, 13 genes have been associated with NEM. The Kelch repeat and BTB domain-containing protein 13 (KBTBD13) gene (KBTBD13)-related NEM is a rarely reported condition, and not a single case has been reported in Asia. Here, we report the case of a mother and daughter in China with NEM caused by a mutation (c.1222C>T) in KBTBD13. Their shared clinical phenotype is symmetrical muscle weakness in the arms and legs with childhood onset. Muscle magnetic resonance imaging showed the unique replacement mode of muscle with fibro-fatty tissue. Histopathological examination revealed the presence of fibers containing rod-shaped structures in the cytoplasm or under the sarcolemma. DNA sequencing analysis detected a heterozygous mutation (c.1222C>T) in KBTBD13 in this family. A founder effect for the variant may exist in the Low Countries of Belgium and the Netherlands, and the mutation may be a hotspot mutation in Europe, as it has not been reported in Asia. Our case study expands the spectrum of KBTBD13-related NEM.


Assuntos
Proteínas Musculares/genética , Mutação/genética , Miopatias da Nemalina/diagnóstico por imagem , Miopatias da Nemalina/genética , China , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem
7.
BMC Neurol ; 18(1): 154, 2018 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30243293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive Myotonia congenita (Becker's disease) is caused by mutations in the CLCN1 gene. The condition is characterized by muscle stiffness during sustained muscle contraction and variable degree of muscle weakness that tends to improve with repeated contractions. CASE PRESENTATION: A 21-year-old man presented with transient muscle stiffness since the last 10 years. He had difficulty in initiating movement and experienced muscle weakness after rest, which typically improved after repeated contraction (warm-up phenomenon). There was no significant family history. Medical examination showed generalized muscle hypertrophy. Serum creatine kinase level was 2-fold higher than the normal value. Electromyogram showed myotonic discharges. DNA sequence analysis identified a novel splice mutation (c.1401 + 1G > A) and a known mutation (c.1657A > T,p.Ile553Phe). He rapidly responded to treatment with mexiletine 100 mg three times a day for 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: This case report of autosomal recessive Myotonia congenita caused by a novel compound heterozygous mutation expands the genotypic spectrum of CLCN1 gene.


Assuntos
Canais de Cloreto/genética , Miotonia Congênita/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Adulto Jovem
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