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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 116: 105395, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628224

RESUMO

Seven new triterpenoids including two cycloartanes (1-2), a lanostane (3), a tirucallane (4), a dammarane (5), an ursane (6), and an oleanane (7), along with nineteen known triterpenoids (8-26), have been obtained from the roots of Euphorbia fischeriana. Their structures were established by NMR, HRESIMS, single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, Mosher's method, NMR calculations, ECD analysis, and comparison with structurally related known analogues. Among them, compounds 1 and 8 were a pair of cycloartane-type triterpenoids epimers. Our bioassays have established that compounds 1-5 and 10 displayed moderate cytotoxic effects, and the structure-activity relationships of cycloartane-type triterpenoids (CTTs) were further examined. Notably, some triterpenoids displayed moderate inhibitory effects against AChE by an in vitro screened experiment. Triterpenoid 7 (Euphorfistrine G, ETG) displayed the potent inhibitory effect with IC50 = 2.45 and Ki = 2.30 µM (inhibition kinetic). And, in silico docking analyses have been performed to investigate the inhibitory mechanism of compound 7.

2.
Proc Inst Mech Eng H ; : 9544119211049869, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617494

RESUMO

Bone cutting plays an important role in spine surgical operations. The power devices with high speed employing in bone cutting usually leads to high cutting temperature of the bone tissue. This high temperature control is important in improving cutting surface quality and optimizing the cutting parameters. In this paper, the bone-cutting model was appropriately simplified for finite element (FE) based modeling of 2D orthogonal cutting to discuss the change law of cutting temperature of cortical bones for cervical vertebra, and to study the orthogonal cutting mechanism of the anisotropic cortical bone, a 3D FE simulation model had been also established in which longitudinal, vertical, and transversal cutting types were accomplished to investigate the effect of osteons orientation. Secondly, this response surface method was used to regress the simulation results, and establishes the prediction model of maximum temperature on cutting depth, cutting speed, and feed speed. Then, the Sobol method was used to analyze the sensitivity of the milling temperature prediction mathematical model parameters, in order to clarify and quantitatively analyze the influence of input milling parameters on the output milling temperature. Finally, the cutting temperatures obtained with the simulations were compared with the corresponding experimental results obtained from the bone milling tests. This study verifies the influence of key variables and the cutting parameters on thermo mechanical behavior of the bone cutting. The obtained cutting temperature distribution for the bone surfaces could be employed to establish a theoretical foundation for research on thermal damage control of bone tissues.

3.
Urol J ; 2021 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the treatment outcomes of robotic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (R-RPLND) versus laparoscopic RPLND (L-RPLND) for clinical stage I non-seminomatous germ cell testicular tumors (NSGCTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of patients with stage I NSGCTs who underwent robotic or laparoscopic RPLND between 2008 and 2017.  Perioperative data and oncologic outcomes were reviewed and compared between the two groups. Progression-free survival was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves and compared between two groups. RESULTS: A total of 31 and 28 patients underwent R-RPLND and L-RPLND respectively. The preoperative characteristics of the patients were comparable in the two groups. Patients in R-RPLND group had significantly shorter median operative time (140 vs. 175 minutes, P < .001), a shorter median duration to surgical drain removal (2 vs. 4 days, P = .002) and a shorter median postoperative hospital stay (5 vs. 6 days, P = .001). There were no statistical differences in intra- and post-operative complication rate between the groups and the oncologic outcomes were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSION: In expert hands, R-RPLND and L-RPLND were comparable in oncological parameter and morbidity rate; R-RPLND showed superiority in operation duration, median days to surgical drain removal and postoperative hospital stay for stage I NSGCTs. Multicenter and randomized studies with good power of study and sufficient follow-up duration are required to validate our result.

4.
Phytomedicine ; 93: 153788, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sono-photodynamic therapy (SPDT) which is the combination of photodynamic therapy (PDT) and sonodynamic therapy (SDT), could exert much better anti-cancer effects than monotherapy. The combination of chemotherapy and PDT or SDT has shown great potential for cancer treatment. However, the combination of SPDT and chemotherapy for cancer treatment is rarely explored. PURPOSE: We utilized a natural hydrophobic anti-cancer drug oleanolic acid (OA) and a photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) through self-assembly technology to form a carrier-free nanosensitizer OC for combined chemotherapy and SPDT for cancer treatment. No studies involving using carrier-free nanomedicine for combined chemotherapy/SPDT have been reported yet. STUDY DESIGN: After fully characterization of OC, the in vitro and in vivo anti-cancer activities of OC were investigated and the mechanisms of the synergistic therapeutic effects were studied. METHODS: OC were synthesized through self-assembly technology and characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and an atomic force microscope (AFM). Confocal microscope was used to investigate the intracellular uptake efficiency and the penetration ability of OC. The cell viability of PC9 and 4T1 cells treated with OC under laser and ultrasound (US) irradiation was determined by MTT assay. Furthermore, flow cytometry was performed to detect the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Finally, the anti-tumor therapeutic efficacy of OC was investigated in orthotopic 4T1 breast tumor-bearing mouse model. RESULTS: OC showed an average particle size of around 100 nm with excellent light stability. OC increased more than 23 times accumulation of Ce6 in cancer cells and had strong tumor penetration ability in three-dimensional (3D) multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTSs). Compared with other therapeutic options, OC showed obvious synergistic inhibitory effects under light and US irradiation in PC9 and 4T1 cells with a significant decrease in IC50 values. Mechanism studies showed that OC could generate high ROS, induce MMP loss, and cause apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. In vivo studies also approved the synergistic therapeutic effects of OC in 4T1 mouse models. CONCLUSION: Self-assembled carrier-free nanosensitizer OC could be a promising therapeutic agent for synergistic chemo/sono-photodynamic therapy for cancer treatment.

6.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We systematically evaluated the global research trends in robotic application on the spine through bibliometric analysis and mapping knowledge domains. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed of the PubMed and Web of Science, including the Science Citation Index Expanded, databases. The number, countries, journals, and authors of the publications, total citations, average publication year, and institution sources were analyzed using Microsoft Excel, the Online Analysis Platform of Bibliometrics, and VOSviewer. The hotspots were analyzed and visualized using VOSviewer. RESULTS: We identified a total of 2135 publications. The United States ranked first in the number of publications (n = 824; 38.63%) and frequency of citations (n = 29,075). Northwestern University had the highest number of publications (n = 67) and Harvard University the highest number of citations (n = 4198). The Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation published the largest number of reports (n = 73), and the most frequently cited journal was Nature (n = 3844 citations). The research hotspots were divided into 3 categories analyzed by VOSviewer: rehabilitation, basic science, and surgery. According to the average publication year, the most recent hotspot was radiation exposure, and the earliest hotspot was radiosurgery. CONCLUSIONS: The number of studies of robotic application on the spine has continued to increase. The United States was the greatest contributor to robotic applications on the spine. Robot-assisted rehabilitation for neurological and orthopedic lesions is still a major research hotspot. The range of robotic applications on the spine has expanded from assisted rehabilitation to assisted rehabilitation and surgery.

7.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(9): 788-793, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533125

RESUMO

Objective To construct a lentiviral expression vector of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) recognizing hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and make it expressed in NK92MI cells. Methods The CAR was designed and synthesized with the sequence of single chain variable fragment (scFv). Next it was cloned into a lentivirus expression vector, followed by packaging, concentration and titer determination. Then HEK293T cells were transduced with the concentrated lentivirus. The expression of CD3 zeta chain and the infection efficiency in the NK92MI cells were detected by Western blotting. Results The lentiviral expression vector of CAR for HBsAg recognition was successfully constructed, and the titer was ≥107 transducing units (TU)/mL. The expression of protein CD3zeta was verified in the NK92MI cells after infected with the lentiviral vector. Conclusion CAR-NK92MI cells recognizing HBsAg has been established successfully.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Células HEK293 , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Lentivirus/genética
8.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(8): 2845-2855, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472302

RESUMO

Production of biofuels such as ethanol from non-grain crops may contribute to alleviating the global energy crisis and reducing the potential threat to food security. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) is a commercial crop with high biomass yield. Breeding of starch-rich tobacco plants may provide alternative raw materials for the production of fuel ethanol. We cloned the small subunit gene NtSSU of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (NtAGPase), which controls starch biosynthesis in tobacco, and constructed a plant expression vector pCAMBIA1303-NtSSU. The NtSSU gene was overexpressed in tobacco upon Agrobacterium-mediated leaf disc transformation. Phenotypic analysis showed that overexpression of NtSSU gene promoted the accumulation of starch in tobacco leaves, and the content of starch in tobacco leaves increased from 17.5% to 41.7%. The growth rate and biomass yield of the transgenic tobacco with NtSSU gene were also significantly increased. The results revealed that overexpression of NtSSU gene could effectively redirect more photosynthesis carbon flux into starch biosynthesis pathway, which led to an increased biomass yield but did not generate negative effects on other agronomic traits. Therefore, NtSSU gene can be used as an excellent target gene in plant breeding to enrich starch accumulation in vegetative organs to develop new germplasm dedicated to fuel ethanol production.


Assuntos
Amido , Tabaco , Biomassa , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Melhoramento Vegetal , Folhas de Planta/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/metabolismo
9.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 167: 106004, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520834

RESUMO

Although epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs)-based molecular targeted therapy are proved to be effective in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR mutation, its efficacy is limited by the acquired drug resistance. The combination of EGFR-TKIs with photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been explored to combat NSCLC with promising synergistic results. However, hypoxic tumor microenvironment is associated with the development of EGFR-TKIs resistance and severely limits the efficacy of PDT. Here, we synthesized an aptamer modified fluorinated dendrimer (APF) as a drug carrier and prepared nanocomplexes APFHG by encapsulation of gefitinib (Gef) and hematoporphyrin (Hp). APF has good oxygen-carrying capacity, high drug entrapment efficiency, and could release Gef and Hp in response to intracellular pH. APF can specifically recognize EGFR-positive NSCLC cells and effectively improve the tumor hypoxic microenvironment due to the targeting effect of aptamer and the good oxygen-carrying capacity of the fluorinated dendrimer. Under the laser irradiation, APFHG can significantly increase the production of the intracellular reactive oxygen species and produce a synergistic therapeutic effect in inhibition of cellular growth and induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis on both Gef-sensitive and Gef-resistant EGFR-mutant NSCLC cells through PDT/molecular targeted therapy. This work indicates that fluorinated dendrimer could be a potent drug delivery platform to overcome hypoxia-related resistance and the co-delivery of EGFR-TKI and photosensitizer by the fluorinated dendrimer could be a promising therapeutic approach for reversal of EGFR-TKIs resistance in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC.

10.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 7165-7177, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503377

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary liver cancer with high morbidity and mortality. An increasing number of abnormal gene expressions were identified to be associated with the progression of HCC. Previous studies showed that the hsa-miR-30 c-5p (miR-30 c), one of the miR-30 family members, might play a role in suppressing tumor progression in a variety of tumors. The present study aims to examine miR-30 c effects in the development of HCC. The role of miR-30 c in HCC was comprehensively investigated by using bioinformatics and experiments in vitro. The multiple databases were combined to predict and screen the target genes and upstream lncRNAs of miR-30 c, and then constructed a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network with miR-30 c as the central miRNA. The miR-30 c-related ceRNA regulatory network was also initially validated in vitro. The results showed that miR-30 c over-expression could inhibit proliferation, migration, invasion, induce apoptosis, and increase G0/G1 phase ratio of HCC cells. Three miR-30 c upstream lncRNAs and 12 miR-30 c target genes were expressed in HCC cells with increased expression and poor prognosis, and a miR-30 C-related ceRNA regulatory network was constructed. This study verified miR-30 c as an inhibitory factor in the progression of HCC and performed analyses on the miR-30 c regulatory network, which might provide potential target information for HCC prognoses and therapies. However, further experiments in vivo and studies including clinical trials will be conducted to validate our results.

11.
Leukemia ; 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564699

RESUMO

We studied clinical and immunological outcome of Covid-19 in consecutive CLL patients from a well-defined area during month 1-13 of the pandemic. Sixty patients (median age 71 y, range 43-97) were identified. Median CIRS was eight (4-20). Patients had indolent CLL (n = 38), had completed (n = 12) or ongoing therapy (n = 10). Forty-six patients (77%) were hospitalized due to severe Covid-19 and 11 were admitted to ICU. Severe Covid-19 was equally distributed across subgroups irrespective of age, gender, BMI, CLL status except CIRS (p < 0.05). Fourteen patients (23%) died; age ≥75 y was the only significant risk factor (p < 0.05, multivariate analysis with limited power). Comparing month 1-6 vs 7-13 of the pandemic, deaths were numerically reduced from 32% to 18%, ICU admission from 37% to 15% whereas hospitalizations remained frequent (86% vs 71%). Seroconversion occurred in 33/40 patients (82%) and anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies were detectable at six and 12 months in 17/22 and 8/11 patients, respectively. Most (13/17) had neutralizing antibodies and 19/28 had antibodies in saliva. SARS-CoV-2-specific T-cells (ELISpot) were detected in 14/17 patients. Covid-19 continued to result in high admission even among consecutive and young early- stage CLL patients. A robust and durable B and/or T cell immunity was observed in most convalescents.

12.
ChemSusChem ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590789

RESUMO

Invited for this month's cover is the group of Zhen-An Qiao at the Jilin University. The image shows the application of 2D ordered mesoporous carbon/MXene heterostructures in supercapacitors. The Full Paper itself is available at 10.1002/cssc.202101374.

13.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 5641-5654, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506251

RESUMO

To investigate the potential role of GXYLT2 (glucoside xylosyltransferase 2) in gastric cancer (GC), the TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) database and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset were used to evaluate GXYLT2 mRNA expression, and the standardized mean difference and diagnostic value were comprehensively assessed. Survival analysis and univariate/multivariate cox regression analysis were performed to evaluate the prognostic value of GXYLT2 in GC patients. The correlation between GXYLT2 and tumor immune cells was identified by using the CIBERSORT algorithm. The results showed that GXYLT2 expression level was significantly increased in GC tissues. GXYLT2 expression was significantly correlated with the grade, stage, and invasion depth of gastric cancer. Overall survival was reduced in the high GXYLT2 expression group. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses showed that GXYLT2 was a reliable prognostic factor. GSEA showed that GXYLT2 might participate in the development of GC through tumor-related pathways. The expression of GXYLT2 was positively correlated with 5 tumor-infiltrating immune cells (resting dendritic cells, m2 macrophages, monocytes, active NK cells and resting mast cells), and was negatively correlated with 6 tumor-infiltrating immune cells (plasma cells, activated memory CD4 T cells, resting NK cells, activated dendritic cells, and activated neutrophils and mast cells). Through cell experiment verification, GXYLT2 expression level in gastric cancer cells was found to be high, which verified the results from the bioinformatics analysis. Furthermore, immunohistochemical staining results also showed that GC tissues had positive GXYLT2 expression. In summary, GXYLT2 might be a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for gastric cancer.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(37): 44065-44078, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515464

RESUMO

The impact of the mechanical properties of nanomedicines on their biological functions remains elusive due to the difficulty in tuning the elasticity of the vehicles without changing chemistry. Herein, we report the fabrication of elasticity-tunable self-assembled oleanolic acid (OA) nanoconstructs in an antiparallel zigzag manner and develop rigid nanoparticles (OA-NP) and flexible nanogels (OA-NG) as model systems to decipher the elasticity-biofunction relationship. OA-NG demonstrate less endocytosis and enhanced lysosome escape with deformation compared to OA-NP. Further in vitro and in vivo experiments show the active permeation of OA-NG into the interior of tumor with enhanced antitumor efficacy accompanied by decreased collagen production and eight- to tenfold immune cell infiltration. This study not only presents a facile and green strategy to develop flexible OA-NG for effective cancer treatment but also uncovers the crucial role of elasticity in regulating biological activity, which may provide reference for precise design of efficient nanomedicines.

15.
Bioresour Technol ; 341: 125859, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523571

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the short-term response of abundant-rare genera and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) to azithromycin (AZM, 0.05-40 mg/L) and copper (1 mg/L) combined pollution in activated sludge nitrification system at low temperature. Nitrification was as expected inhibited in stress- and post-effects periods under AZM concentration higher than 5 mg/L. Abundant and rare taxa presented dissimilar responses based on full-scale classification. Conditionally rare or abundant taxa (CRAT) were keystone taxa. Relative abundance of ammonia-oxidizing archaea increased, and three aerobic denitrifying bacteria (Brevundimonas, Comamonas and Trichococcus) were enriched (from 9.83% to 68.91% in total). Ammonia nitrogen assimilating into Org-N and denitrification may be nitrogen pathways based on predict analysis. 29 ARGs were found with more co-occurrence patterns and high concentration of AZM (greater than 5 mg/L) caused their proliferation. Importantly, expect for some abundant taxa, rare taxa, potential pathogens and nitrogen-removal functional genera were the main potential hosts of ARGs.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Nitrificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Azitromicina/farmacologia , Cobre/farmacologia , Desnitrificação , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Laboratórios , Nitrogênio/análise , Esgotos , Temperatura
16.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 20: 15347354211044107, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521235

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to evaluate the effects of acupuncture and moxibustion (AM) in women with breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL). METHODS: We retrieved RCTs published before January 24, 2021, from the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chongqing VIP (VIP), and Wanfang databases. RCTs that compared acupuncture and/or moxibustion intervention with other treatments were included. A random effects or fixed effects model was used based on the heterogeneity findings. Study quality was evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. RESULTS: We included 14 RCTs in the analyses, of which 4 RCTs adopted acupuncture, 4 RCTs used moxibustion, and the rest used both. AM significantly reduced arm circumference at the elbow crease compared to routine care (Mean deviation (MD) = -7.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) = -8.30 to -6.21, P < .00001). There was a significant difference between AM and diosmin tablets in the effective index for upper limb lymphedema (MD = 24.68, 95% CI = 24.82-30.53, P < .00001), the range of motion of the shoulder during protraction (MD = 6.77, 95% CI = 2.81-10.73, P = .0008), and adduction (MD = 4.17, 95% CI = 1.02-7.32, P = .01). There was a significant difference between moxibustion and pneumatic circulation (MD = -0.51, 95% CI = -0.85 to -0.17, P = .003) in the visual analog score (VAS) for swelling. Finally, compared to the blank control, acupuncture reduced the VAS for pain (MD = -1.33, 95% CI = -1.52 to -1.15, P < .00001; heterogeneity (I2) = 0%, P = .57). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that AM is effective in the treatment of BCRL. AM may reduce arm circumference at the elbow crease (compared to routine care), increase effective index for upper limb lymphedema (compared to oral diosmin tablets), improve the range of motion of the shoulder during protraction and adduction (compared to oral diosmin tablets), and decrease the VAS for both swelling (compared to pneumatic circulation) and pain (compared to blank control).


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Neoplasias da Mama , Linfedema , Moxibustão , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Linfedema/etiologia , Linfedema/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570357

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the effect of Bachmann bundle (BB) impairment on electrical and mechanical function of the left atrium (LA), as well as the long-term clinical impact of such impairment. We measured activation time in the five LA walls in 56 patients with atrial fibrillation. LA reservoir, conduit, and contractile function were also evaluated. Patients were divided into two groups based on ablation strategy: the circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (CPVI) group and CPVI with LA anterior wall linear ablation (LAAW) group. Patients in the CPVI + LAAW group were divided into two sub-groups based on ECG differences following ablation: the BB impairment group and intact BB group. LA activation time and function were then compared between the ablation strategy groups and the CPVI + LAAW subgroups. Patients in the CPVI + LAAW group exhibited longer activation times in the anterior and lateral walls of the LA, poorer LA synchrony, and reduced LA contractile and reservoir function when compared with those in the CPVI group. In the BB impairment subgroup, we observed a discrepancy between electrical/mechanical remodeling. Among five walls, activation time was longest in this region. BB impairment was also associated with reduced LA function. Significant changes in LA function and conductibility were observed in patients with anterior wall ablation, especially those with iatrogenic BB impairment.

18.
Nanoscale ; 13(34): 14417-14425, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473184

RESUMO

The recurrence and metastasis of tumor after surgery is the main cause of death for patients with breast cancer. Systemic chemotherapy suffered from low delivery efficiency to tumors and the side effects of chemo drugs. Localized chemotherapy using drug-containing implants is an alternative, while the reconstruction of breast tissue is generally considered after chemotherapy, resulting in a second surgery for patients. Here, we describe a strategy using implantable drug-containing polymeric scaffolds to deliver chemo drugs directly to the post-resection site, and simultaneously provide mechanical support and regenerative niche for breast tissue reconstruction. When doxorubicin was loaded in mesoporous silica nanoparticles and subsequently incorporated into polycaprolactone scaffolds (DMSN@PCL), a 9-week sustained drug release was achieved post implantation in mice. The local recurrence of residual tumor after surgery was significantly inhibited within 4 weeks in a post-surgical mouse model bearing xenograft MDA-MB-231 tumor. DMSN@PCL scaffolds exhibited good biocompatibility in mice during the treatment. We believe our strategy holds great promise as an adjuvant localized chemotherapy in clinics for combating post-resection breast cancer recurrence.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias da Mama , Nanopartículas , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Poliésteres
19.
Water Res ; 205: 117638, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560619

RESUMO

The microbial community coalescence describes the mixing of microbial communities and the merging of their surrounding environments. Despite its prevalence in natural ecosystems and its potential influence on ecological processes, little research focused on the extent of coalescence between aquatic microbial communities. In this research, we analyzed the microbial communities in the Three Gorges Reservoir, a typical deep-water reservoir on the Yangtze River. The biogeography and the coalescence of microbial communities in water and sediment were illustrated and analyzed based on 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequence variants (ASVs). Differences in composition and diversity were identified between microbial communities in water and sediment, and microbial communities in sediment were more diverse than those in water. Between adjacent communities, by calculating the proportion of overlapped taxa, adopting the SourceTracker algorithm, and quantifying the connectivity of microbial cohesion, we found that the extent of intra-medium coalescence was strong (19.8%) and inter-media coalescence was faint (0.2%). 50 keystone species were selected using the cohesion metric. They displayed a stronger coalescence extent than average, and formed an accumulating pattern from upstream to downstream in the Three Gorges Reservoir, exhibiting their importance in the ecological network. Potential influencing factors of microbial community coalescence in aquatic environments were discussed, including environmental conditions, types of habitats, suspended particles in water, and microscale microbial activities. To summarize, this research depicted the coalescence of microbial communities in a deep-water reservoir and emphasized its ecological importance. We anticipate more attention and further research on the processes of microbial coalescence in the aquatic environment, which might provide new insights into turnover of microbial keystone species and changes in aquatic ecological conditions.

20.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361635

RESUMO

Freesia hybrida is a group of cultivars in the genus Freesia with a strong floral scent composed of diverse volatile organic compounds (VOCs). In this study, the VOCs of 34 F. hybrida were extracted and analyzed by headspace solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS). A total of 164 VOCs whose relative contents were higher than 0.05% were detected. The numbers of VOCs in all germplasms differed between 11 to 38, and the relative contents ranged from 32.39% to 94.28%, in which most germplasms were higher than 80%. Terpenoids, especially monoterpenes, were the crucial type of VOCs in most germplasms, of which linalool and D-limonene were the most frequently occurring. Principal component analysis (PCA) clearly separated samples based on whether linalool was the main component, and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) clustered samples into 4 groups according to the preponderant compounds linalool and (E)-ß-ocimene. Comparison of parental species and hybrids showed heterosis in three hybrids, and the inherited and novel substances suggested that monoterpene played an important role in F. hybrida floral scent. This study established a foundation for the evaluation of Freesia genetic resources, breeding for the floral aroma and promoting commercial application.


Assuntos
Monoterpenos Acíclicos/química , Alcenos/química , Flores/química , Iridaceae/química , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química , Monoterpenos Acíclicos/metabolismo , Alcenos/metabolismo , Flores/genética , Flores/metabolismo , Iridaceae/genética , Iridaceae/metabolismo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/metabolismo
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