Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 844
Filtrar
1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981082

RESUMO

It is a challenge to effectively load proton carriers in COFs to improve their proton conductivity. Herein, we report a series of COF-based composites, PANa@UCOF-x (PANa: sodium polyacrylate, x: weight percentage of PANa), which were prepared by coating different proportions of superabsorbent PANa on the COF surface based on an in situ reaction strategy. Since PANa can greatly enhance the enrichment of water molecules in one-dimensional (1D) channels of COFs, these COF-based composites exhibit superprotonic conduction. At 80 °C and 95% relative humidity (RH), the proton conductivity of PANa@UCOF-10, PANa@UCOF-28 and PANa@UCOF-40 reaches 1.6 × 10-2, 5.1 × 10-2, and 1.1 × 10-1 S cm-1, respectively, which is 4-5 orders of magnitude higher than 7.4 × 10-7 S cm-1 of the original UCOF. This work not only develops a new method to improve the water content of the COF channels, but also proves the important role of ordered channels in constructing effective proton conduction pathways.

2.
PeerJ ; 10: e12568, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35036082

RESUMO

Background: Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a rare and highly aggressive cancer. Despite advances in multidisciplinary treatments for cancer, the prognosis for MM remains poor with no effective diagnostic biomarkers currently available. The aim of this study was to identify plasma metabolic biomarkers for better MM diagnosis and prognosis by use of a MM cell line-derived xenograft (CDX) model. Methods: The MM CDX model was confirmed by hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemistry. Twenty female nude mice were randomly divided into two groups, 10 for the MM CDX model and 10 controls. Plasma samples were collected two weeks after tumor cell implantation. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis was conducted. Both univariate and multivariate statistics were used to select potential metabolic biomarkers. Hierarchical clustering analysis, metabolic pathway analysis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis were performed. Additionally, bioinformatics analysis was used to investigate differential genes between tumor and normal tissues, and survival-associated genes. Results: The MM CDX model was successfully established. With VIP > 1.0 and P-value < 0.05, a total of 23 differential metabolites were annotated, in which isoleucine, 5-dihydrocortisol, and indole-3-acetamide had the highest diagnostic values based on ROC analysis. These were mainly enriched in pathways for starch and sucrose metabolism, pentose and glucuronate interconversions, galactose metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, as well as phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis. Further, down-regulation was observed for amino acids, especially isoleucine, which is consistent with up-regulation of amino acid transporter genes SLC7A5 and SLC1A3 in MM. Overall survival was also negatively associated with SLC1A5, SLC7A5, and SLC1A3. Conclusion: We found several altered plasma metabolites in the MM CDX model. The importance of specific metabolic pathways, for example amino acid metabolism, is herein highlighted, although further investigation is warranted.

3.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 179-189, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35023956

RESUMO

Objective: The present study aims to explore the association between phthalate exposure and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Materials and Methods: A total of 11 plasticizer metabolites were measured in patient morning urine using high-performance liquid chromatography. Furthermore, fasting blood glucose and fasting insulin were detected in first-trimester blood samples. The chemical concentration was described using the median, the metabolite concentration difference between the GDM and control groups was compared using the bootstrap method, and the correlations of the fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, insulin resistance index, and phthalic acid ester (PAE) metabolites were analyzed using Spearman correlation analysis. The multivariate logistic regression model and predictive probability map were performed to help assess the linearity and nature of any dose-response relationship. Results: Of the 224 women recruited for the present study, 200 met the inclusion criteria. Their measured outcomes and biomonitoring data were examined for the presence of chemicals. The results showed that the patients in the GDM group had higher mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) and methylerythritol cyclophosphane concentrations in their bodies than the patients in the control group. Statistically significant MEHP-GDM associations were also observed (P < 0.001). The GDM and MEHP dose-response relationships were different among pregnant women aged <35 years and those aged >35 years (P < 0.001). Furthermore, gestational age >28 weeks exhibited similar changes to those aged ≤28 weeks (P = 0.059). Conclusion: The findings of the present study add to the growing body of evidence supporting phthalate exposure as a GDM risk factor.

4.
Purinergic Signal ; 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022948

RESUMO

Patients with diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) experience immense physical and mental suffering, which is comorbid with other mental disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD). P2X4 receptor, one of the purinergic receptors, is a significant mediator of DNP and MDD. The present study aimed to identify the roles and mechanisms of MSTRG.81401, a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), in alleviating DNP and MDD-like behaviors in type 2 diabetic rats. After administration with MSTRG.81401 short hairpin RNA (shRNA), the model + MSTRG.81401 shRNA group demonstrated increased mechanical withdrawal threshold, thermal withdrawal latency, open-field test, and sucrose preference test; however, immobility time on the forced swimming test decreased. MSTRG.81401 shRNA administration significantly decreased the expression of the P2X4 receptor, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-1ß in the hippocampus and spinal cord in the model + MSTRG.81401 shRNA group. Simultaneously, MSTRG.81401 shRNA administration downregulated phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in the hippocampus and spinal cord. Thus, lncRNA MSTRG.81401 shRNA can alleviate DNP and MDD-like behaviors in type 2 diabetic rats and may downregulate the expression of P2X4 receptors in the hippocampus and spinal cord of rats.

5.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(1): 112, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34982208

RESUMO

In this study, a bacteriocin PA996 isolated from Pseudomonas azotoformans (P. azotoformans) was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulphate precipitation and SP-Sepharose column chromatography. P. azotoformans began to grow at 6 h, reached exponential phase at 12-18 h. Bacteriocin PA996 was produced at 18 h and reached a maximum level of 2400 AU/mL. The molecular mass of purified bacteriocin PA996 was estimated by SDS-PAGE and its molecular mass was approximately 50 kDa. By screening in vitro, the bacteriocin PA996 showed an antimicrobial activity against Pasteurella multocida (P. multocida). The bacteriocin PA996 showed antibacterial activity in the range of pH2-10 and it was heat labile. The inhibitory activities were diminished after treatment with proteinase K, trypsin and papain, respectively, while catalase treatment was ineffective. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and bactericidal kinetics curves showed that the bacteriocin PA996 had a good inhibitory ability against P. multocida. Our data indicate that bacteriocin PA996 could inhibit the growth of P. maltocida and it may have the potential to apply as an alternative therapeutic drug.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Bacteriocinas , Pasteurella multocida/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
6.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(1): 43-64, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34975317

RESUMO

Background: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a highly malignant subtype of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) with poor prognosis. In iCCA, the interplay between the stroma and tumor cells results in resistance to adjuvant chemotherapy. Increasing evidence indicates that miR-206 participates in tumor progression, but its role in iCCA is still unclear. The aim of this study was to identify dysregulated miR-206 expression in iCCA and to further explore the underlying mechanism. Methods: MiR-206 expression was proven to be downregulated in iCCA tissues by qPCR, and its correlation with clinical characteristics and prognosis was investigated. iCCA-derived cancer-associated fibroblast cells (CAFs) and normal fibroblast cells (NFs) were isolated and identified. MiR-206 was knocked in or down in CAFs and CCA cells, respectively, to explore the role of miR-206, and coculture of these treated CCAs and CAFs was conducted to explore the effects of miR-206 on their mutual promoting effects. Exosomes carrying miR-206 and an orthotopic mouse model were used to determine the inhibitory effects of miR-206 on iCCA deterioration in vivo. Results: We confirmed that miR-206 is a suppressor of iCCA. Overexpressing miR-206 in CCA cells inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion. When cocultured with CCA cells, NFs downregulated miR-206 expression, and NFs were susceptible to transforming into CAFs. Moreover, CAFs promoted CCA cell malignant behaviors and gemcitabine resistance. Overexpressing miR-206 in CAFs or CCA cells inhibited this mutual promoting effect. Additionally, when delivered by exosomes, miR-206 suppressed tumor deterioration. And combined with gemcitabine, this treatment resulted in a longer survival time. Conclusion: Our study explained that the interaction between CCA cells and CAFs promoted iCCA deterioration. As a suppressive factor, miR-206 inhibited aggressive characteristics and gemcitabine resistance by interfering with this mutual promoting effect. This research elucidated the molecular mechanism underlying the unfavorable chemotherapeutic response of patients with iCCA, which provided a promising target for iCCA treatment.

7.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 7799793, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34853672

RESUMO

Traffic accidents are easily caused by tired driving. If the fatigue state of the driver can be identified in time and a corresponding early warning can be provided, then the occurrence of traffic accidents could be avoided to a large extent. At present, the recognition of fatigue driving states is mostly based on recognition accuracy. Fatigue state is currently recognized by combining different features, such as facial expressions, electroencephalogram (EEG) signals, yawning, and the percentage of eyelid closure over the pupil over time (PERCLoS). The combination of these features increases the recognition time and lacks real-time performance. In addition, some features will increase error in the recognition result, such as yawning frequently with the onset of a cold or frequent blinking with dry eyes. On the premise of ensuring the recognition accuracy and improving the realistic feasibility and real-time recognition performance of fatigue driving states, a fast support vector machine (FSVM) algorithm based on EEGs and electrooculograms (EOGs) is proposed to recognize fatigue driving states. First, the collected EEG and EOG modal data are preprocessed. Second, multiple features are extracted from the preprocessed EEGs and EOGs. Finally, FSVM is used to classify and recognize the data features to obtain the recognition result of the fatigue state. Based on the recognition results, this paper designs a fatigue driving early warning system based on Internet of Things (IoT) technology. When the driver shows symptoms of fatigue, the system not only sends a warning signal to the driver but also informs other nearby vehicles using this system through IoT technology and manages the operation background.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34936185

RESUMO

Developing low-cost electrocatalysts for efficient and robust oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is the key for scalable water electrolysis, for instance, the NiFe-based materials. Decorating NiFe catalysts with other transition metals offers a new path to boost their catalytic activities but often suffers from low controllability on electronic structures of NiFe catalytic centers. Here, we report an interfacial atom-substitution strategy to synthesize an electrocatalytic oxygen-evolving NiFeV nanofiber to boost the activity of NiFe centers. The electronic structure analyses suggest that NiFeV nanofiber exhibits abundant high-valence Fe via a charge transfer from Fe to V. The NiFeV nanofiber supported on carbon cloth shows a low overpotential of 181 mV at 10 mA cm -2 , along with long-term stability (> 20 h) at 100 mA cm -2 . The reported substitutional growth strategy offers an effective and new pathway for the design of efficient and durable non-noble metal-based OER catalysts.

9.
J Oncol ; 2021: 3002480, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34925507

RESUMO

Background: Combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (CHC) is a rare and heterogeneous histological subtype of primary liver cancer, which is still poorly understood. This study aimed to describe the epidemiological and clinical features, investigate the prognostic indicators, and develop a competing risk nomogram for CHC. Methods: The study cohort was taken from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. The annual percent change (APC) in incidence was calculated using the joinpoint regression. The nomogram was developed based on multivariate competing risk survival analyses and validated by calibration curves. Akaike information criterion, Bayesian information criterion, Harrell's C-index, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curves were obtained to compare prognostic performance. Decision curve analysis was introduced to examine the clinical value of the models. Results: The overall incidence of CHC was 0.062 per 100,000 individuals in 2004 and 0.081 per 100,000 individuals in 2018, with an APC of 1.0% (P > 0.05). CHC displayed intermediate clinicopathological features of hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Race, tumor size, vascular invasion, extrahepatic invasion, distant metastasis, grade, surgery, and Metavir stage were confirmed as the independent predictors of cancer-specific survival. The constructed nomogram was well calibrated, which showed better discrimination power and higher net benefits than the current American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system. Patients with liver transplantation had better survival than those with hepatectomy, especially patients within the Milan Criteria (P=0.022 and P=0.015). There was no survival difference between liver transplantation and hepatectomy in patients beyond the Milan Criteria (P=0.340). Conclusion: The morbidity of CHC remained stable between 2004 and 2018. The constructed nomogram could predict the prognosis with good performance, which was meaningful to individual treatment strategies optimization. CHC patients should also be considered as potential liver transplantation recipients, especially those within the Milan Criteria, but the finding still needs more evidence to be further confirmed.

10.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34949126

RESUMO

Two undescribed phenylpropenoid glycosides (1 - 2) and one known analogues (3) have been isolated and identified from the roots of Illicium dunnianum. The structures of these new compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses (1 D-, 2 D-NMR, HRESIMS, IR, UV) and chemical methods. The anti-inflammatory activities of all isolates were evaluated by measuring their inhibitory effects on PGE2 production in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages.

11.
Clin Chim Acta ; 524: 34-42, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34843704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Malignant mesothelioma (MM), being a rare and aggressive carcinoma, can barely be cured. Incidence of this cancer will keep climbing up in the next few decades since its major carcinogen, asbestos, is still in use in many countries. Unfortunately, prognosis of MM is unsatisfactory principally due to poor early diagnosis as a result of its long latency period and ambiguous symptoms. Lipids are known to contribute to cellular structure, signaling, and energy storage, and are widely reported to be related with tumorigenesis. Therefore, we aim to discover novel lipid biomarkers by plasma-based lipidomics that may improve MM diagnosis. METHODS: Plasma samples from 25 MM patients and 32 healthy controls (HCs) were collected and analysed using a high-throughput liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Univariate and multivariate analyses were subsequently performed to visualize the separation trend between two groups and to screen for differential feature ions. Ions were annotated using LipidSearch 4.2 and their enriched pathways were detected on LIPEA. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used for analysing each annotated lipid's diagnostic value. Survival analyses were performed to investigate each lipid's prognostic value. RESULTS: In supervised partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), clear separation between MM and HC groups was observed. A total of 34 differential lipids were annotated, among which 5 upregulated and 29 downregulated. Levels of plasma triacylglycerols (TGs) were higher in smoking versus non-smoking patients, and lower in female versus male patients. The top six lipids possessing highest diagnostic value included two phosphatidylethanolamines (PEs), two phosphatidylcholines (PCs) and two ceramides. Moreover, elevated circulating TG levels were associated with poorer survival, whereas increased monohexosylceramide (Hex1Cer) might be beneficial. CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed differentially expressed lipid patterns in MM compared to HC. PC, PE, and ceramides showed outstanding diagnostic performance, while TG and Hex1Cer exhibited significant prognostic values. Nevertheless, more studies should verify these trends as well as further investigating on underlying mechanisms.

12.
Neoplasma ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846157

RESUMO

This study was conducted to investigate the expression of the spindle assembly checkpoint kinase tyrosine/threonine kinase (TTK) in triple-positive breast cancer (TPBC) and its effect on TPBC cells. We analyzed the status of TTK in 69 TPBC samples using immunohistochemistry. The correlation between TTK and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed using a chi-squared test. The prognostic value of TTK was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. We analyzed the role of TTK in the invasion and proliferation of TPBC cells in vitro and in vivo. The mean age of the 69 patients with TPBC enrolled in this study was 53 years (range: 29-86 years). TTK expression was positively correlated with tumor size (P = 0.034), p53 status (P = 0.023), TNM stage (P = 0.023), and Ki-67 index (P < 0.001). The Kaplan-Meier curves revealed that TTK expression was correlated with poor disease-free survival (P = 0.001) and overall survival (P = 0.050). Multivariate proportional hazard regression analyses showed that TTK and TNM staging were significant independent predictors of disease-free survival (P = 0.007 and P = 0.034, respectively). Additionally, TTK knockdown inhibited the invasion and proliferation of the BT474 TPBC cell line. The findings of this study indicate that TTK overexpression is associated with cancer progression and prognosis in patients with TPBC, whereas TTK knockdown inhibits the invasion and proliferation of TPBC cells. Thus, TTK might serve as a prognostic marker for TPBC.

13.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837470

RESUMO

The Hengduan Mountains region is an important hotspot of alpine plant diversity and endemism. Acanthochlamys bracteata is a species of a threatened monotypic genus endemic to the Hengduan Mountains. In this study, we present a high-quality, chromosome-level reference genome for A. bracteata, constructed using long reads, short reads and Hi-C technology. We characterized its genetic diversity, population structure, demographic history and gene flow by resequencing individuals collected across its distribution. Comparative genomics analyses based on sequence information from single-copy orthologous genes revealed that A. bracteata and Dioscorea rotundata diverged ~104.5 million years ago. Whole-genome resequencing based on population genetic analysis revealed that the division of the 14 populations into 10 distinct clusters reflected geographical divergence, and three separate high levels of gene flow occurred sequentially between isolated populations of the Hengduan Mountains, a finding which is consistent with the turnover between ice ages and interglacial periods. Our findings indicate that Quaternary climatic changes played an important role in shaping the genetic structure and demographic trajectories of A. bracteata, and provide critical insights into the genetic status and evolutionary history of this poorly understood species, and possibly other alpine plants with a similar distribution. This study demonstrates the usefulness of population genomics for evaluating the effects of past climatic changes and identifying conservation units for the conservation and management of threatened species. Our high-quality genome represents a valuable resource for future studies of the underlying molecular mechanisms of adaptive evolution and provides insight for further comparative genomic analysis with other Velloziaceae species.

14.
Virol J ; 18(1): 233, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838085

RESUMO

Dabieshan tick virus (DTV) was first identified in Haemaphysalis longicornis from Hubei Province, China in 2015. However, its pathogenic potential to animals and human remains to be further explored. In this study, a total of 170 engorged ticks and 22 sheep serum samples were collected from Taian and Yantai city, Shandong Province to investigate the presence of DTV. The results of qRT-PCR revealed the positive rate of 13.6% (3/22) in sheep serum and 8.2% (14/170) in attached ticks, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated a close evolutionary relationship among those DTV isolates from animal and ticks, and DTV might be relatively conservative in evolution. These findings are the first to demonstrate molecular evidence of DTV in domestic animals. Nonetheless, whether or not causing disease in animals, DTV deserves further investigation.

15.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1235, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and aggressive carcinoma located in pleural cavity. Due to lack of effective diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets in MPM, the prognosis is extremely poor. Because of difficulties in sample extraction, and the high rate of misdiagnosis, MPM is rarely studied. Therefore, novel modeling methodology is crucially needed to facilitate MPM research. METHODS: A novel patient-derived xenograft (PDX) modeling strategy was designed, which included preliminary screening of patients with pleural thickening using computerized tomography (CT) scan, further reviewing history of disease and imaging by a senior sonographer as well as histopathological analysis by a senior pathologist, and PDX model construction using ultrasound-guided pleural biopsy from MPM patients. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomics was further utilized for investigating circulating metabolic features of the PDX models. Univariate and multivariate analysis, and pathway analysis were performed to explore the differential metabolites, enriched metabolism pathways and potential metabolic targets. RESULTS: After screening using our strategy, 5 out of 116 patients were confirmed to be MPM, and their specimens were used for modeling. Two PDX models were established successfully. Metabolomics analysis revealed significant metabolic shifts in PDX models, such as dysregulations in amino acid metabolism, TCA cycle and glycolysis, and nucleotide metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: To sum up, we suggested a novel modeling strategy that may facilitate specimen availability for MM research, and by applying metabolomics in this model, several metabolic features were identified, whereas future studies with large sample size are needed.

16.
J Vet Med Sci ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789595

RESUMO

Enterococcus faecium and E. faecalis are important human pathogens and also served as sentinel organisms for monitoring systems of antimicrobial resistance in both animals and humans. In this study, 106 E. faecium and 56 E. faecalis isolates were collected from61 pig farms in 18 proveinces of China. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined for 9 clinically important antibiotics and 3 antimicrobial growth promoters. The Enterococcus isolates showed high prevalence of resistance to medically important antibiotics, such as ampicillin (50.9% for E. faecium and 19.6% for E. faecalis), chloramphenicol (24.5% for E. faecium and 41.1% for E. faecalis), erythromycin (83.0% for E. faecium and 91.1% for E. faecalis), tetracycline (79.2% for E. faecium and 100% for E. faecalis), quinupristin/dalfopristin (26.4% for E. faecium) and ciprofloxacin (73.6% for E. faecium and 66.1% for E. faecalis). Resistance to tigecycline, linezolid and vancomycin was very rare. The resistance status of three representative in-feed antibiotics bacitracin, nosiheptide and enramycin was firstly investigated with Enterococcus as indicator bacteria. The Enterococcus isolates showed extremely high frequency of bacitracin resistance (96.7% for E. faecium and 87.8% for E. faecalis), while no nosiheptide and enramycin resistance was observed. PFGE analysis showed that a majority of E. faecium and E. faecalis strains showed unrelated profiles, indicating high heterogeneity among the Enterococcus isolates. Our study provided basic data on the antimicrobial resistance of E. faecium and E. faecalis isolates.

17.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(17): 1359, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733911

RESUMO

Background: Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is a well-established prognostic factor for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), but there are still some controversies relating to the evaluation of nodal status. Therefore, we investigated the role of lymph node dissection (LND), compared the prognostic performances of different nodal staging systems, and then developed and validated a nomogram to predict cancer-specific survival (CSS) of ICC patients. Methods: The study cohort was taken from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Akaike information criterion, Bayesian information criterion, Harrell's C-index and area under the receiver operating characteristic curves were calculated to evaluate the different staging models. The nomogram for the CSS was constructed based on Cox regression models and validated by calibration curves. Decision curve analysis was introduced to examine the clinical value of the models. Results: A total of 664 patients were enrolled, and 331 (51.4%) patients underwent LND. An increasing number of lymph nodes retrieved showed no oncologic benefit (P=0.876). LNM was identified in 103 (31.1%) patients, which was the cause of their poor prognoses (5-yr CSS 13.1% versus 44.9%, P<0.001). Patients without LNM could not benefit from adjuvant therapy after propensity score matching (P=0.140). Based on the Youden index, 4 or more lymph nodes retrieved might be adequate for accurate staging. The lymph node ratio (LNR) classification, with an optimal cut-off value of 0.15, displayed the best prognostic performance. Age, size, tumor number, T Stage, grade and the LNR classification were independent predictive factors for the CSS in ICC patients. The nomogram for predicting the CSS of ICC patients according to the independent factors was well calibrated and it showed better discrimination power and higher net benefits than the American Joint Committee on Cancer (8th edition) staging system. Conclusions: LNM is an independent prognostic factor in ICC. Although it shows no oncologic benefits, LND should still be considered as a method of stratifying patients, with 4 or more lymph nodes retrieved potentially enough to do so. LNR appears to be a promising and easy-to-use prognosticator for nodal staging. The constructed nomogram could serve as an effective tool to predict the CSS probabilities of ICC patients.

18.
J Hazard Mater ; : 127685, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799172

RESUMO

Achieving efficient photocatalytic degradation of atmospheric volatile organic compounds (VOCs) under sun-light is still a significant challenge for environmental protection. The S-scheme heterojunction with its unique charge migration route, high charge separation rate and strong redox ability, has great potential. However, how to regulate interfacial charge transfer of the S-scheme heterojunction is of significant importance. Here, density functional theory (DFT) calculations were first conducted and predicted that an S-scheme heterojunction could be formed in the CdS quantum dots/Bi2MoO6 monolayer system. Subsequently, this novel heterojunction is constructed by in-situ hydrothermal synthesis of CdS quantum dots on monolayer Bi2MoO6. Under visible-light, this novel S-scheme system gives a high-efficiency photocatalytic degradation rate (6.04 × 10-2 min-1) towards C2H4, which is 30.3 times higher than that of pure CdS (1.99 × 10-3 min-1) and 41.7 times higher than pure Bi2MoO6 (1.45 × 10-3 min-1). Strong evidence for the S-scheme charge transfer path is provided by in-situ XPS, PL, TRPL and EPR.

19.
Environ Toxicol ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806272

RESUMO

Ammonia is one of the major environmental pollutants in the pig industry that seriously affects the airway health of pigs. In this study, we aimed to investigate the metabolic profiling changes of piglets' lung tissue after the exposure of 0 ppm (CG), 20 ppm (LG) and 50 ppm (HG) ammonia for 30 days. Compared with the control group, the obvious lung lesions were observed in HG, including interstitial thickening, inflammatory cell infiltration and focal hemorrhage. The significantly increased content of malondialdehyde in HG, combined with the significantly decreased mRNA expression of antioxidase and inflammatory-regulators in exposure groups, implied that ammonia exposure induced oxidative stress and diminished the anti-inflammatory response in lung tissues. Metabolomic analyses of lung tissues revealed 15 significantly altered metabolites among the three groups including multiple amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. The accumulation of succinic acid, linoleic acid and phosphorylethanolamine and consumption of glucose, quinolinic acid and aspartic acid in ammonia exposure groups, indicated that energy supply from glucose aerobic oxidation was suppressed and the glycolysis and lipolysis were activated in lung tissues induced by chronic ammonia exposure.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775075

RESUMO

Thoracolumbar vertebra (TLV) and rib primordium (RP) development is a common evolutionary feature across vertebrates, although whole-organism analysis of TLV and RP gene expression dynamics has been lacking. Here we investigated the single-cell transcriptomic landscape of thoracic vertebra (TV), lumbar vertebra (LV), and RP cells from a pig embryo at 27 days post-fertilization (dpf) and identified six cell types with distinct gene-expression signatures. In-depth dissection of the gene-expression dynamics and RNA velocity revealed a coupled process of osteogenesis and angiogenesis during TLV and rib development. Further analysis of cell-type-specific and strand-specific expression uncovered the extremely high levels of Hoxa10 3'-untranslated region (UTR) sequence specific to osteoblast of LV cells, which may function as anti-Hoxa10-antisense by counteracting the Hoxa10-antisense effect to determine TLV transition. Thus, this work provides a valuable resource for understanding embryonic osteogenesis and angiogenesis underlying vertebrate TLV and RP development at the cell-type-specific resolution, which serves as a comprehensive view on the transcriptional profile of animal embryo development.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...