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1.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(4): 264-9, 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056879

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe and compare the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of "Tianshu" (ST25) and "Dachangshu" (BL25) on intestinal sensitivity and the expression of M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3R) and 5-hydroxytryptamine 3A receptor (5-HT3AR) in the colon tissue in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of IBS. METHODS: Forty newborn Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank control, model, ST25 and BL25 groups (n=10 rats per group). The IBS model was established by joint application of maternal separation, acetic acid enema plus colorectal distension from day 8 to 21 after birth. At the age of 9 weeks, EA (2 Hz/100 Hz, 0.1-0.3 mA) was applied to ST25 and BL25 for 20 min, once every other day for 5 times. The modified method was used to record the abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR), so as to evaluate the visceral sensitivity by referring to the modified Al-Chaer's and colleagues' methods. The threshold (initial wave), the number and peak-peak value of contraction waves (AWR) within 90 s were recorded. The immunoactivity of M3R and 5-HT3AR in the colon tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: After modeling, the latency was obviously shortened, the number and peak-peak values of contraction waves of intestine were significantly increased, and the immunoactivity of M3R and 5-HT3AR was notably up-regulated in the model group compared with the blank control group (P<0.01). After the EA intervention, the latency was obviously prolonged, the peak-peak value in both ST25 and BL25 groups, and the number of contraction waves in the ST25 group were significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the expression levels of M3 and 5-HT3A R were considerably down-regulated in both ST25 and BL25 groups relevant to the model group (P<0.01). The therapeutic effects were significantly better in the ST25 group than in the BL25 group in prolonging the latency and reducing the contraction wave number, and in down-regulating the expression of colonic M3R and 5-HT3AR (P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: EA at ST25 and BL25 can reduce the intestinal sensitivity in IBS rats, which is probably associated with its effects in down-regulating the expression of M3R and 5-HT3AR in the colon. The therapeutic effects of ST25 were obviously better than those of BL25 in suppressing intestinal sensitivity and expression of colonic M3R and 5-HT3AR.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Colinérgicos , Privação Materna , Muscarina , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar , Receptores 5-HT3 de Serotonina , Serotonina
2.
Eur Spine J ; 28(5): 1092-1112, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30666481

RESUMO

PURPOSE: It is an open question whether cell transplantation can provide safety and effective outcome to spinal cord injury (SCI) patient which has remained controversial for almost 40 years. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of cell transplantation in SCI patients. METHOD: Studies of the cell transplantation for SCI were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane Library and analyzed quantitative data by Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: Twenty-one clinical controlled studies with 973 patients were included. The pooled results suggested that cell transplantation significantly improved ASIA score, ASIA motor score, ASIA sensory score, Barthel Index score, residual urine volume, rehabilitative time of automatic micturition. Furthermore, subgroup analysis indicated that the stem cells exhibited more potent than the non-stem cells in spinal cord repair. Cell transplantation at more than 14 days after injury showed more significant improvements than that within 14 days from injury. The dosage of cell transplantation between 1-5 × 107 and 10-20 × 107 was the potent quantity for the patient with SCI. Intrathecal injection and intravenous + intrathecal injection showed more superior to the other method. The top 5 adverse events were febrile reaction (11.5%), neurologic pain (11.3%), headache (2.6%), neurologic deterioration (2.4%), and rigidity or spasticity (1.6%). CONCLUSION: Cell transplantation appears to be a safe therapeutic strategy possessing substantial beneficial effects in the patients with SCI in clinic. Moreover, treating SCI with stem cell, the dosage of cells between 1-5 × 107 and 10-20 × 107, in intermediate or chronic phase, minimally invasive techniques, may bring more advantage to SCI patient. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.

3.
Front Psychiatry ; 9: 483, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386260

RESUMO

Post-stroke depression (PSD) is one of the most frequent complications of stroke. The Yi-nao-jie-yu prescription (YNJYP) is an herbal prescription widely used as a therapeutic agent against PSD in traditional Chinese medicine. Disruption of adult neurogenesis has attracted attention as a potential cause of cognitive pathophysiology in neurological and psychiatric disorders. The Notch signaling pathway plays an important role in neurogenesis. This study investigated the effects of YNJYP on adult neurogenesis and explored its underlying molecular mechanism in a rat model of PSD that is established by middle cerebral artery occlusion and accompanied by chronic immobilization stress for 1 week. At 2, 4, and 8 weeks, depression-like behavior was evaluated by a forced swim test (FST) and sucrose consumption test (SCT). Neurogenesis was observed by double immunofluorescence staining. Notch signals were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The results show that, at 4 weeks, the immobility time in the FST for rats in the PSD group increased and the sucrose preference in the SCT decreased compared with that in the stroke group. Therefore, YNJYP decreased the immobility time and increased the sucrose preference of the PSD rats. Further, PSD interfered with neurogenesis and decreased the differentiation toward neurons of newly born cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus, and increased the differentiation toward astrocytes, effects that were reversed by YNJYP, particularly at 4 weeks. At 2 weeks, compared with the stroke group, expression of target gene Hes5 mRNA transcripts in the PSD group decreased, but increased after treatment with YNJYP. At 4 weeks, compared with the stroke group, the expression of Notch receptor Notch1 mRNA transcripts in the PSD group decreased, but also increased after treatment with YNJYP. Overall, this study indicated that disturbed nerve regeneration, including the increased numbers of astrocytes and decrease numbers of neurons, is a mechanism of PSD, and Notch signaling genes dynamically regulate neurogenesis. Moreover, YNJYP can relieve depressive behavior in PSD rats, and exerts a positive effect on neurogenesis by dynamically regulating the expression of Notch signaling genes.

4.
Int J Mol Med ; 42(6): 2979-2990, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30280193

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is one of the main causes of death and disablement globally. The NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is established as a sensor of detecting cellular damage and modulating inflammatory responses to injury during the progress of ischemic stroke. Inhibiting or blocking the NLRP3 inflammasome at different stages, including expression, assembly, and secretion, may have great promise to improve the neurological deficits during ischemic stroke. The current review provides a comprehensive summary of the current understanding in the literature of the molecular structure, expression, and assembly of the NLRP3 inflammasome, and highlights its potential as a novel therapeutic target for ischemic stroke.

5.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2018 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30328568

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of San-Ao Decoction (, SAD) on water metabolism of bronchial asthra model mice. METHODS: Forty-five female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control, model and SAD groups by a random number table, 15 mice in each group. A composite method with ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge was developed to establish bronchial asthma model. Mice in the control group were intraperitoneally injected with distilled water without aerosol inhalation challenge. On day 15-22, 0.3 mL SAD was administered via gastric route in SAD group, one time per day, while an equivalent volume of normal saline was used for gastric administration in the control and model groups. Changes in airway resistance in the inspiratory phase (RI-R-Area) were detected using an AniRes2005 system, and 5-h urine output was collected by metabolic cages. Histopathological changes in lung and kidney were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. mRNA expressions of aquaporin (AQP) 1 and AQP2 in kidney were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and the protein expressions of AQP1 and AQP2 in kidney were detected by immunohistochemistry. Enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay was used to detect the OVA-specific endothelium-1 (ET-1), antidiuretic hormone (ADH), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and angiotensin II (Ang II) levels in serum, lung and kidney tissues, respectively. The nitric oxide (NO) contents in serum, lung, and kidney tissues were tested by chemical method, respectively. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the serum IgE level in model group increased (P<0.01). Following the pathologic changes in lung tissue, no significant change in kidney tissue was observed among 3 groups. Compared with the control group, the mice in the model group showed elevated airway resistance during inhalation phase, higher mRNA and protein expression levels on AQP1 and AQP2 in kidney tissue and higher ET-1 levels in serum, lung and kidney tissues, ADH and ANP in lung and serum, PGE2 in kidney, Ang II in lung and kidney tissues (P<0.05 or P<0.01), but decreased in 5-h urinary output as well as NO and PGE2 contents in serum and lung tissues (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the mice in the SAD group showed a weakened airway resistance in inspiratory phase, lower mRNA and protein expressions of AQP1 and AQP2 in kidney tissues, lower levels of ET-1, ADH, ANP in serum as well as ET-1, ANP, Ang II levels in kidney tissues (P<0.05 or P<0.01), whereas 5-h urinary output, NO content in kidney, ADH, ANP and PGE2 levels in lung and Ang II in serum increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSION: San-Ao Decoction can regulate the urine volume through regulating AQP1 and AQP2 expression, and the expression of these in the kidneys might be regulated by ET-1, NO and Ang II.

6.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 13(1): 138, 2018 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29866198

RESUMO

The Editor-in-Chief has retracted this article [1] because of an error in the meta analysis. Re-examination of the data has showed that there is only one published randomized controlled trial comparing Superion with XStop. Due to a misunderstanding of the published clinical data, the conclusions drawn in the article are incorrect. Author Xing Yu approved this retraction, none of the other authors replied to correspondence from the publisher about this retraction.

7.
J Invest Surg ; : 1-9, 2018 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29672183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) has devastating consequences. Dorsal root ganglion as a pivotal locus participates in the process of neuropathic pain and nerve regeneration. In recent years, gene sequencing technology has seen rapid rise in the biomedicine field. So, we attempt to gain insight into in the mechanism of neuropathic pain and nerve regeneration in the transcriptional level and to explore novel genes through bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: The gene expression profiles of GSE96051 were downloaded from GEO database. The gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway (KEGG) enrichment analyses were performed, and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was constructed by Cytoscape software. RESULTS: Our results showed that both IL-6 and Jun genes and the signaling pathway of MAPK, apoptosis, P53 present their vital modulatory role in nerve regeneration and neuropathic pain. Noteworthy, 13 hub genes associated with neuropathic pain and nerve regeneration, including Ccl12, Ppp1r15a, Cdkn1a, Atf3, Nts, Dusp1, Ccl7, Csf, Gadd45a, Serpine1, Timp1 were rarely reported in PubMed database, these genes may provide us the new orientation in experimental research and clinical study. CONCLUSIONS: Our results may provide more deep insight into the mechanism and a promising therapeutic target. The next step is to put our emphasis on an experiment level and to verify the novel genes from 13 hub genes.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(16): e0015, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29668575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the current surgical therapeutic regimen for symptomatic cervical degenerative disc disease, both anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and anterior cervical disc replacement (ACDR) are still widely accepted. However, many complications exist in both surgeries. Therefore, this study aims to compare the adverse events between ACDR and ACDF, and provide vital evidence-based guidance for spine surgeons and designers to evaluation of prognosis and improvement of dynamic devices. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis that will be performed according to the PRISMA. The electric database of PubMed, Medline, Embase, Google Scholar, and Cochrane library will be systematic search. A standard data form will be used to extract the data of included studies. We will assess the studies according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions, and perform analysis in RevMan 5.3 software. Fixed effects models will be used for homogeneity data, while random-effects will be used for heterogeneity data. The overall effect sizes will be determined as weighted mean difference (WMD) for continuous outcomes and relative risk (RR) for dichotomous outcomes. RESULT: The results of this study will be disseminated via international or national conferences, or submit to peer-reviewed journal in spinal field. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this study will provide key evidence-based guidance for spine surgeons and designers to the evaluation of prognosis and improvement of dynamic devices.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Discotomia , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fusão Vertebral , Substituição Total de Disco , Vértebras Cervicais/patologia , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Discotomia/efeitos adversos , Discotomia/métodos , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Substituição Total de Disco/efeitos adversos , Substituição Total de Disco/métodos
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(13): e0005, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29595628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nowadays, anterior cervical artificial disc replacement (ACDR) has achieved favorable outcomes in treatment for patients with single-level cervical spondylosis. However, It is still controversial that whether or not it will become a potent therapeutic alternation in treating 2 contiguous levels cervical spondylosis compared with anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF). Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of ACDR and ACDF in patients with 2 contiguous levels cervical spondylosis. METHODS: According to the computer-based online search, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library for articles published before July 1, 2017 were searched. The following outcome measures were extracted: neck disability index (NDI), visual analog scale (VAS) neck, VAS arm, Short Form (SF)-12 mental component summary (MCS), SF-12 physical component summary (PCS), overall clinical success (OCS), patient satisfaction (PS), device-related adverse event (DRAE), subsequent surgical intervention (SSI), neurological deterioration (ND), and adjacent segment degeneration (ASD). Methodological quality was evaluated independently by 2 reviewers using the Furlan for randomized controlled trial (RCT) and MINORS scale for clinical controlled trials (CCT). The chi-squared test and Higgin I test were used to evaluate the heterogeneity. A P < .10 for the chi-squared test or I values exceeding 50% indicated substantial heterogeneity and a random-effect model was applied; otherwise, a fixed-effect model was used. All quantitative data were analyzed by the Review Manager 5.2 (The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration, Copenhagen, Denmark). RESULTS: Nine RCTs and 2 CCT studies containing 2715 patients were included for this meta-analysis. The pooled analysis indicated that the ACDR group is superior to ACDF in NDI, VAS neck, PCS score, OCS, PS, DRAE, ASD, and SSI. However, the pooled results indicate that there was no significant difference in the ND, VAS arm and in MCS score. CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis suggests that for bi-level cervical spondylosis, ACDR appears to provide superior clinical effectiveness and safety effects than ACDF. In the future, more high-quality RCTs are warranted to enhance this conclusion.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilose/cirurgia , Substituição Total de Disco , Humanos
10.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 13(1): 42, 2018 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29499734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Decompressive laminectomy (DI) is a standard operation for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patient with severe claudication symptoms for many years. However, patients whose symptom severity does not meet undergoing invasive surgery make therapeutic options into dilemma. Interspinous spacers (ISP) bridge the gap between surgical interventions and CC in management of LSS. In our study, we aim to systematically assess the two FDA-approved interspinous spacers for treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis: Superion versus X-STOP. METHODS: Electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library were searched to retrieve clinical trials concerning the comparison between Superion and X-STOP in treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis before April 2017. The following outcome measures were extracted: (1) Zurich Claudication Questionnaire (ZCQ) patient satisfaction score, (2) axial pain severity, (3) extremity pain severity, (4) back-specific functional impairment, (5) reoperation, and (6) complication. The data analysis was conducted with Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: Five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with 1118 patients were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled analysis indicated that the Superion group is superior to X-STOP in axial pain severity (SMD: 0.03; 95% CI 0.15, 0.45; p < 0.0001, I2 = 41%, p = 0.16), ZCQ patient satisfaction score (SMD: 0.23; 95% CI 0.08, 0.38; p = 0.002, I2 = 0%, p = 0.61). However, Superion group showed similarity outcome in extremity pain severity (SMD: 0.18; 95% CI - 0.06, 0.43; p = 0.14, I2 = 62%, p = 0.05), back-specific functional impairment (SMD: 0.04; 95% CI - 0.10, 0.19; p = 0.56, I2 = 0%, p = 0.77), reoperation rate (RR: 1.10; 95% CI 0.82, 1.48; p = 0.51, I2 = 19%, p = 0.30), and complication (RR: 0.98; 95% CI 0.63, 1.53; p = 0.92, I2 = 0%, p = 0.83). CONCLUSION: Both the Superion and X-STOP interspinous spacers can relieve symptoms of LSS. In addition, the Superion spacer may represent a promising spacer for patient with LSS. As we know, the effectiveness and safety of ISP is still considered investigational and unfavor clinical results in the medical literature may continue to limit the appeal of IPS to many surgeons in the future. However, because of the advantage of IPS technique, it will win a wide place in the future degenerative lumbar microsurgery.

11.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 43(1): 25-9, 2018 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29383890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe and compare the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Tianshu" (ST 25) and "Neiguan" (PC 6) for colonic motility and the expression of colon dopamine D 2 in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) rats, and to explore the specificity of different meridians and different acupoints. METHODS: Forty Wistar newborn rats were randomly divided into blank, model, Tianshu and Neiguan groups. Separation of mother and child and acetic acid coloclyster combined with colorectal distension were used to establish IBS model in the model, Tianshu and Neiguan groups. At the age of 9 weeks, EA at bilateral ST 25 and PC 6 were applied in the corresponding groups 5 times, once every other day. After the intervention, the Bristol fecal score, the latent period of abdominal retraction reflex and the number of contraction waves were recorded. The expression of dopamine D 2 receptor was detected by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Compared with the blank group, the Bristol fecal score of the model group was higher (P<0.01), the 1st contraction wave latent period was shorter (P<0.01), the number of contraction waves in 90 s increased (P<0.01), the immunoreactive expression of D 2 receptor in colon decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the Bristol fecal scores of the Tianshu and Neiguan groups decreased (P<0.01), the 1st contraction wave latent periods were longer (P<0.01), the numbers of contraction waves in 90 s decreased (P<0.01), the positive expressions of D 2 receptor in colon increased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the Tianshu group, the immunoreactive expression of D 2 receptor in the Neiguan group decreased (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: EA at ST 25 and PC 6 can improve the symptoms of colonic motility in IBS rats. The effect of EA at ST 25 is better, which indicates that different meridians and different acupoints play specific effects.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29259648

RESUMO

The 4 properties of Chinese materia medica refer to cold, hot, warm, and cool. In the present study, the effects of the Coptis, the prepared aconite root, and dried ginger rhizome were compared with regard to the rectal and skin temperature changes of the related body surface acupuncture points (Dazhui, Zhiyang, Mingmen, Zhongwan, and Shenque). The investigation aimed to explore the thermal sensitive points, which can reflect the cold and hot properties of the Chinese herbs. This study showed that the prepared aconite root and dried ginger rhizome exhibited a warming effect on the body temperature, whereas the warming sensitive points were Zhongwan, Shenque, Dazhui, and Zhiyang. Coptis exhibited both a warming and a cooling effect on the body temperature, and the cooling sensitive point was Dazhui. The concomitant effect of these three Chinese herbs on the regulation of the body temperature was reflected by Dazhui. However, there are still some limitations and one-sidedness. For instance, the cold and hot property of some herbs cannot be fully reflected through relevant acupoints on the conception and governor vessels. More detecting sites such as ears and internal organs will be selected for further exploration of Chinese herbs' cold and hot property.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(2): 347-351, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28948742

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of baldrinal of Valeriana jatamansi on the expression of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) and tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1) mRNA and levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in colon of rats with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and to explain its therapeutic mechanism on IBS through 5-HT pathway. Fifty-four male SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: blank group, model group, baldrinal high, medium and low dose groups, and pinaverium bromide group, n=9 in each group. The IBS rat models were established by using unpredictable chronic stress for 3 weeks followed by 1-hour acute restraint stress (CAS) after 7 days of rest and independent feeding. CRF expression was detected by IHC-P; TPH1 mRNA expression was detected by using RT-PCR and the 5-HT level was measured by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). The results indicated that the method of chronic stress with acute restrain stress method and independent feeding could lead to the increase in expressions of CRF and TPH1 mRNA and levels of 5-HT in IBS rats(P<0.05). The expressions of CRF, TPH1 mRNA and 5-HT in baldrinal groups were significantly lower than those in model group(P<0.05). The experimental results showed that IBS could result in increase in the expressions of CRF, TPH1 mRNA and levels of 5-HT, and the baldrinal of V. jatamansi could improve the symptoms of IBS by reducing the expressions of CRF, TPH1 mRNA and levels of 5-HT in colon of rats.


Assuntos
Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina/metabolismo , Iridoides/farmacologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/tratamento farmacológico , Serotonina/metabolismo , Triptofano Hidroxilase/metabolismo , Valeriana/química , Animais , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/metabolismo , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/metabolismo , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
14.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 19(7): 715-20, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25941062

RESUMO

AIM: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease affecting exocrine glands. Both autoreactive T cells and B cells are involved in the development of pSS, but their exact contribution to the pathogenesis is not clear. Here, we aimed to investigate the association of B-cell activating factor (BAFF) and interleukin (IL)-17A with subphenotypes of pSS. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 31 pSS patients and 28 healthy controls. The serum levels of BAFF and IL-17A were quantified by sandwich ELISA. RESULTS: The increased circulating BAFF levels are associated with higher immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels (P = 0.0167) and anti-Ro/SS antigen A autoantibody (P = 0.032), while the elevated circulating levels of IL-17A are associated with lower C3 levels (P = 0.0213) and higher focus score of salivary gland tissue (P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Our results show that BAFF and IL-17A are associated with different subphenotypes of pSS, suggesting both humoral and cellular immune response are involved in the pathogenesis of pSS.


Assuntos
Fator Ativador de Células B/sangue , Interleucina-17/sangue , Síndrome de Sjogren/imunologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Complemento C3/análise , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/sangue , Síndrome de Sjogren/classificação , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Regulação para Cima
15.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 36(6): 749-55, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29949706

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Sanao Tang (SAT) on urine volume and the expression of aquaporin- 2 (AQP2) in rats with lung dysfunction induced by passive smoking and lipopolysaccharide. METHODS: Totally 45 healthy Specific pathogen Free Wistar Rats were randomized into 3 groups: normal control group, model group and SAT group. A rat model of respiratory dysfunction induced by exposure to cigarette smoking and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Lavage of decoction of the Chinese medicine was performed for rats in the SAT group. Anires 2005 System was used to analyze the pulmonary function. Urine of rats was collected through metabolism cage method. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine content of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), angiotensin Ⅱ (AngⅡ), atrial natriuretic factor (ANP), endothelin 1 (ET-1), nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in serum, lung and kidney. The expression of AQP2 in rat renal tissue was determined with real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-PCR). RESULTS: (a) In comparison with the normal control, It was found that enforced vital capacity (FVC), 1-second forced expiratory volume/forced vital capacity% (FEV(1)/FVC%), 24 h urine volume content of NO and PGE2 were decreased, while AQP2mRNA level and content of ADH, Agn Ⅱ, ANP and ET-1 were increased in the model group with statistical significance (P < 0.05). (b) In comparison with the model group, It was found that FVC, FEV(1), FEV(1)/FVC%, 24 h urine volume, content of PGE2 and NO decreased, while AQP2mRNA level, content of ANP, ADH and Ang Ⅱ decreased in the SAT group with statistical significance (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: SAT might effectively regulate the urine volume in the modeled rats; ADH, Ang Ⅱ, ANP, ET-1, NO and PGE2 might play an important role in the regulation on urine volume by lungs. This might be the mechanisms underpinning the function of lung governing water passage in terms of the theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine.


Assuntos
Aquaporina 2/genética , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Pneumopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Angiotensina II/genética , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Animais , Aquaporina 2/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Endotelina-1/genética , Endotelina-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Pneumopatias/metabolismo , Pneumopatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Tabaco/química , Micção/efeitos dos fármacos , Vasopressinas/metabolismo
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26557147

RESUMO

We investigated the effect of Jiangya Tongluo (JYTL) formula on renal function in rats with hypertensive nephrosclerosis. A total of 21 spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were randomized into 3 groups: valsartan (10 mg/kg/d valsartan), JYTL (14.2 g/kg/d JYTL), and a model group (5 mL/kg/d distilled water); Wistar Kyoto rats comprised the control group (n = 7, 5 mL/kg/d distilled water). Treatments were administered by gavage every day for 8 weeks. Blood pressure, 24-h urine protein, pathological changes in the kidney, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were estimated. The contents of adrenomedullin (ADM) and angiotensin II (Ang II) in both the kidney and plasma were evaluated. JYTL lowered BP, 24-h urine protein, serum creatinine, and BUN. ADM content in kidneys increased and negatively correlated with BP, while Ang II decreased and negatively correlated with ADM, but there was no statistically significant difference of plasma ADM between the model and the treatment groups. Possibly, activated intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in hypertensive nephrosclerosis and the protective function of ADM via local paracrine. JYTL may upregulate endogenous ADM level in the kidneys and antagonize Ang II during vascular injury by dilating renal blood vessels.

17.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 11: 1523-40, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26203247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shen-Qi-Jie-Yu-Fang (SJ Fang) is a herbal preparation used in traditional Chinese medicine, and is a potentially important new therapeutic agent in postpartum depression (PPD). Previously, we have elucidated the effects of SJ Fang on hormone receptors and monoamine neurotransmitters involved in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axes in PPD rats. However, the immune-modulating effects of SJ Fang in PPD are still unknown. In this study, we explored the effects of SJ Fang on the immune organs and subsets of T lymphocytes in PPD rats. METHODS: PPD was created in Sprague-Dawley rats by inducing hormone-simulated pregnancy followed by hormone withdrawal. After hormone withdrawal, the PPD rats were then treated with fluoxetine at 1, 2, and 4 weeks, and the SJ Fang rats were also treated at 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Depressive behavior in the rats was evaluated by the forced swim test, sucrose consumption test, and open field test. The thymus index and spleen index were calculated. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to identify pathological features in the thymus and spleen. CD3, CD4, and CD8 lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Both fluoxetine and SJ Fang decreased immobility time, increased sucrose consumption, an horizontal and vertical movement. After 4 weeks of treatment with fluoxetine or SJ Fang, the thymus index and spleen index were significantly higher than at baseline, and the morphology of the thymus and spleen were returning to normal. Two weeks after hormone withdrawal, subsets of T lymphocytes indicated a shift from immune activation to immune suppression, which was reversed by 4 weeks of treatment with fluoxetine or SJ Fang. CONCLUSION: It is suggested that T-cell mediate immune responses which may play a role in the etiopathology of postpartum depression. SJ Fang had an antidepressant effect on the immune system in rats with PPD.

18.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 31(4): 456-61, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25854562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct lentivirus siRNA vectors targeting ezrin (E), radixin (R) and moesin (M), transfect rat primary pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) with the vectors and observe the effects of the transfection on E, R, M gene expressions and influenza virus replication. METHODS: According to the principles of siRNA synthesis, siRNA sequences targeting E, R and M genes were synthesized and cloned into lentiviral plasmid GV248 to construct lentiviral siRNA vectors Lenti-E-siRNA, Lenti-R-siRNA and Lenti-M-siRNA, respectively. Random Lenti-control-siRNA was also constructed targeting nonsense sequences. Rat PMVECs were cultured by peripheral lung tissue-sticking method. Rat PMVECs were transfected with Lenti-E-siRNA, Lenti-R-siRNA and Lenti-M-siRNA, respectively. The levels of ezrin, radixin and moesin mRNA and proteins were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting, the distributions of ERM proteins were detected using confocal laser scanning microscope; After lentivirus-transfected PMVECs were infected with influenza virus, the effects of lentiviral vectors on influenza virus replication were measured by real-time quantitative PCR. RESULTS: Lenti-E-siRNA, Lenti-R-siRNA, Lenti-M-siRNA and Lenti-control-siRNA were successfully constructed according to sequencing identification of recombinant plasmids. The infection efficacy of lentiviral siRNA vectors in rat PMVECs was above 80% at a multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 10. The transcription and expressions of ezrin, radixin and moesin in rat PMVECs were significantly inhibited by Lenti-E-siRNA, Lenti-R-siRNA, Lenti-M-siRNA respectively. Lentivirus control (containing no target genes) and Lenti-control-siRNA inhibited influenza virus replication in influenza virus-infected PMVECs, while Lenti-E-siRNA, Lenti-R-siRNA and Lenti-M-siRNA increased the levels of influenza virus mRNA in the infected PMVECs. CONCLUSION: Lentiviral siRNA vectors targeting E, R and M genes were constructed successfully and could inhibit E, R and M gene expressions specifically and effectively. Lentiviral vectors could inhibit influenza virus replication whereas lentiviral siRNA vectors targeting E, R and M facilitated influenza virus replication.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Células Endoteliais/virologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/fisiologia , Influenza Humana/genética , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Microvasos/virologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Marcação de Genes , Humanos , Influenza Humana/metabolismo , Influenza Humana/virologia , Lentivirus/genética , Lentivirus/metabolismo , Pulmão/virologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Microvasos/citologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Transfecção , Replicação Viral
19.
Chin J Integr Med ; 21(6): 431-7, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25519442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether emodin exerts protective effects on mouse with allergic asthma. METHODS: A mouse model of allergic airway inflflammation was employed. The C57BL/6 mice sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA) were intraperitoneally administered 10 or 20 mg/kg emodin for 3 days during OVA challenge. Animals were sacrificed 48 h after the last challenge. Inflammatory cell count in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was measured. The levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-13 and eotaxin in BALF and level of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in serum were measured with enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay kits. The mRNA expressions of IL-4, IL-5, heme oxygenase (HO)-1 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Emodin induced significant suppression of the number of OVA-induced total inflammatory cells in BALF. Treatment with emodin led to significant decreases in the levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13 and eotaxin in BALF and total IgE level in serum. Histological examination of lung tissue revealed marked attenuation of allergen-induced lung eosinophilic inflammation. Additionally, emodin suppressed IL-4, IL-5 and MMP-9 mRNA expressions and induced HO-1 mRNA expression. CONCLUSION: Emodin exhibits anti-inflammatory activity in the airway inflammation mouse model, supporting its therapeutic potential for the treatment of allergic bronchial asthma.


Assuntos
Emodina/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Emodina/química , Emodina/farmacologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Interleucinas/genética , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Leucócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ovalbumina , Pneumonia/sangue , Pneumonia/patologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25610480

RESUMO

Da-Bu-Yin-Wan (DBYW) and Qian-Zheng-San (QZS), two classic traditional Chinese medicinal formulas, were clinically employed to treat Parkinson's disease (PD). Our previous studies demonstrated neuroprotective effects of them on mitochondrial function in PD mice induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). The purpose of this research was to investigate their possible mechanisms in the light of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mitoKATP) channels. The neuroprotective effect of DBYW and QZS on dopamine (DA) neurons in substantia nigra (SN) in the MPTP-induced PD mice was investigated by behavioral test (pole test) and immunohistochemistry. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level in the midbrain tissue was detected by firefly luciferase method. MitoKATP channel subunits SUR1 and Kir6.2 mRNA and protein expressions were tested by real-time PCR (RT-PCR) and Western blot. It was observed that DBYW and/or QZS served to ameliorate MPTP-induced behavioral impairment and prevent the loss of substantia nigra dopamine neurons, as well as increase ATP level in the midbrain tissue and downregulate SUR1 expression at mRNA and protein levels with no marked influence on Kir6.2. We concluded that DBYW and QZS exhibit neuroprotective effects probably through the regulation of ATP level and mitoKATP channel subunit expressions.

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