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1.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 77(4): 261-266, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28825567

RESUMO

Cardiogenic shock (CS) in the setting of an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a severe complication and constitutes one of the principal causes of death associated with this condition. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics, treatment strategies and hospital outcome of CS associated with STEMI in Argentina. The Argentine Registry of Cardiogenic Shock (ReNA-Shock) was a prospective and multicenter registry of consecutive patients with CS hospitalized in 64 centers in Argentina between July 2013 and May 2015. Only those with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were selected for this analysis. Of the 165 patients included in the ReNa-Shock registry, 124 presented STEMI. Median age was 64 years (IQR 25-75: 56.5-75) and 67% were men; median time from symptom onset to admission was 240 minutes (IQR 25-75: 132-720). 63% of the cases presented CS at admission. Eighty-seven percent underwent reperfusion therapy: 80% primary percutaneous intervention with a median door-to-balloon time of 110 minutes (IQR 25-75: 62-184). Inotropic agents were used in 96%; 79% required mechanical ventilation; a Swan Ganz catheter was inserted in 47% and 35% required intra-aortic balloon pumping. Most patients (59%) presented multivessel disease (MV). Hospital mortality was 54%. Multivariate analysis identified that time from symptom onset to admission (> 240 min) was the only independent predictor of mortality (OR: 3.04; CI 95%: 1.18-7.9). Despite using treatment strategies currently available, morbidity and mortality of STEMI complicated with CS remains high.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Argentina/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Choque Cardiogênico/fisiopatologia , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 77(4): 261-266, ago. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-894476

RESUMO

Cardiogenic shock (CS) in the setting of an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a severe complication and constitutes one of the principal causes of death associated with this condition. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics, treatment strategies and hospital outcome of CS associated with STEMI in Argentina. The Argentine Registry of Cardiogenic Shock (ReNA-Shock) was a prospective and multicenter registry of consecutive patients with CS hospitalized in 64 centers in Argentina between July 2013 and May 2015. Only those with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were selected for this analysis. Of the 165 patients included in the ReNa-Shock registry, 124 presented STEMI. Median age was 64 years (IQR 25-75: 56.5-75) and 67% were men; median time from symptom onset to admission was 240 minutes (IQR 25-75: 132-720). 63% of the cases presented CS at admission. Eighty-seven percent underwent reperfusion therapy: 80% primary percutaneous intervention with a median door-to-balloon time of 110 minutes (IQR 25-75: 62-184). Inotropic agents were used in 96%; 79% required mechanical ventilation; a Swan Ganz catheter was inserted in 47% and 35% required intra-aortic balloon pumping. Most patients (59%) presented multivessel disease (MV). Hospital mortality was 54%. Multivariate analysis identified that time from symptom onset to admission (> 240 min) was the only independent predictor of mortality (OR: 3.04; CI 95%: 1.18-7.9). Despite using treatment strategies currently available, morbidity and mortality of STEMI complicated with CS remains high.


El shock cardiogénico (SC) en el síndrome coronario agudo con elevación del ST (SCACEST), es una complicación grave y constituye una de las principales causas de muerte. El objetivo del registro fue conocer las características clínicas, estrategias de tratamiento y evolución intrahospitalaria del SC secundario a un SCACEST en Argentina. El Registro Argentino de Shock Cardiogénico (ReNa-Shock) fue prospectivo, multicéntrico y consecutivo de pacientes internados con SC en el periodo 2013/2015 en 64 centros de Argentina. Fueron incluidos 165 pacientes, de los cuales124 presentaban SCACEST. La edad (mediana) fue de 64 [RIC25-75: 56-75] años, 67% hombres. La mediana de tiempo desde el inicio de los síntomas al ingreso hospitalario fue de 240 minutos [RIC25-75: 132-720]. Un 63% de los casos tuvo SC desde el ingreso. El 87% recibió tratamiento de reperfusión, con un 80% de angioplastia primaria y un tiempo puerta-balón (mediana): 110 minutos [RIC25-75: 62-184]. Requirieron inotrópicos un 96%, asistencia respiratoria mecánica el 79%, catéter de Swan Ganz 47%, balón de contrapulsación intraaórtico 35%. El 59% tenía lesión de 2 o 3 vasos. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria fue 54%. En el análisis multivariado, solo el tiempo de evolución al ingreso (345 min [RIC25-75: 135-720] vs. 180 min [RIC25-75: 85-420]; p: 0.03) fue la única variable predictora independiente de mortalidad. La morbimortalidad del SC complicando un SCACEST es elevada a pesar de la utilización de las estrategias de tratamiento actualmente disponibles.

3.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 84(3): 1-10, jun. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-957726

RESUMO

Introducción: El shock cardiogénico es una complicación grave del infarto agudo de miocardio y constituye una de sus principales causas de muerte, pese a lo cual la información en nuestro medio es limitada. Objetivo: Conocer las características clínicas, estrategias de tratamiento y evolución intrahospitalaria del shock cardiogénico en la Argentina. Material y métodos: Se realizó un registro prospectivo, multicéntrico de pacientes internados con shock cardiogénico en el contexto de los síndromes coronarios agudos con y sin elevación del segmento ST entre los años 2013 y 2015 en 64 centros de la Argentina. Resultados: Se incluyeron 165 pacientes, con una edad media de 66 (58-76,5) años; el 65% eran hombres. El 75% de los casos cursaban un síndrome coronario agudo con elevación del segmento ST. El 8,5% estuvieron asociados con complicaciones mecánicas y el 6,7% con compromiso del ventrículo derecho. El 56% presentaban shock cardiogénico al ingreso. Requirieron inotrópicos el 95%, asistencia respiratoria mecánica el 78%, catéter de Swan-Ganz el 44%, balón de contrapulsación intraaór-tico el 37%. El 84% de los síndromes coronarios agudos con elevación del segmento ST (104/124 pacientes) se reperfundieron. La mediana de tiempo desde el inicio de los síntomas al ingreso fue de 240 minutos (132-720). El 80% recibieron angioplastia primaria. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria global fue del 54%, sin diferencias entre los síndromes coronarios agudos con o sin elevación del segmento ST. Asimismo, no hubo diferencia en la frecuencia de eventos y uso de procedimientos entre los síndromes coronarios agudos con o sin elevación del segmento ST. Conclusiones: Las características del shock cardiogénico en la Argentina no difieren mucho de poblaciones de otras partes del mundo. La morbimortalidad es elevada a pesar de la utilización de las estrategias de tratamiento disponibles.

4.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 83(5): 406-411, oct. 2015. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-957653

RESUMO

Introducción: El registro sobre Síndromes Coronarios Agudos en Argentina (SCAR) analizó la evolución intrahospitalaria del infarto de miocardio en nuestro país en pacientes que contaban con diferentes coberturas del sistema de salud, lo cual ha llevado al presente subanálisis derivado del registro SCAR. Objetivo: Determinar la influencia de la cobertura médica en el pronóstico intrahospitalario del infarto de miocardio. Material y métodos: El registro SCAR fue un estudio transversal, prospectivo y multicéntrico, que incluyó 476 pacientes con diagnóstico de infarto agudo de miocardio con supradesnivel del segmento ST (IAMST). La cobertura médica se diferenció en prepaga, obra social, PAMI y sin cobertura (solo estatal). Resultados: El 80% de los IAMST recibieron reperfusión, el 75% por angioplastia transluminal coronaria primaria (ATCP). La ATCP fue más frecuente en quienes tenían prepaga [OR 5,5 (2,5-12,4); p < 0,001] y los pacientes con PAMI [OR 0,47 (0,24-087); p = 0,02] o sin cobertura recibieron menos ATCP [OR 0,34 (0,2-0,6); p < 0,001]. El 13% fueron derivados a otro centro, más frecuentemente si tenían PAMI (p = 0,002). El tiempo hasta la ATCP fue mayor en pacientes con PAMI [240 (88-370) min; p = 0,0005] y menor si tenían prepaga [80 (42-120) min; p < 0,001]. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria del IAMST fue del 8%, 2,8% con prepaga, 4,3% con cobertura estatal, 6,88% con obra social y 25% con PAMI (ANOVA < 0,001). Tener prepaga se asoció con una mortalidad menor [OR 0,27 (0,08-0,91); p = 0,035] y tener PAMI se asoció con una mortalidad mayor, aun ajustado por sexo, edad y comorbilidades [OR 2,40 (1,1-5,8); p = 0,05]. Conclusión: El tratamiento y la mortalidad del IAMST fueron diferentes según la cobertura médica.


Background: The Acute Coronary Syndromes in Argentina (SCAR) registry analyzed in-hospital myocardial infarction out-come in patients with different medical coverage provided by the healthcare system; this has led to the present subanalysis derived from the SCAR registry. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of medical coverage on myocardial infarction in-hospital prognosis. Methods: The SCAR registry was a cross-sectional, prospective, multicenter study including 476 patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). Medical coverage was classified in prepaid health insurance, social security insurance, PAMI and without medical coverage (except public coverage). Results: Eighty percent of STEMI patients received reperfusion therapy, 75% by primary transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). PTCA was more frequent in those with prepaid health insurance [OR 5.5 (2.5-12.4); p<0.001] and less frequent in PAMI patients [OR 0.47 (0.24-0.87), p=0.02] or in those without any medical coverage [OR=0.34 (0.2-0.6), p<0.001]. Thirteen percent of patients were transferred to another hospital, more frequently if they were PAMI patients (p=0.002). Time to PTCA was longer in patients with PAMI [240 (88-370) min, p=0.0005] and shorter in patients with prepaid health insurance [80 (42-120) min, p<0.001]. Overall in-hospital STEMI mortality was 8%, 2.8% in patients with prepaid health insurance, 4.3% in patients with public medical coverage, 6.88% in patients with social security insurance and 25% in patients covered by PAMI (ANOVA <0.001). Mortality was significantly lower in patients with prepaid health insurance [OR=0.27 (0.08-0.91), p=0.035] and higher in patients with PAMI, even after adjusting by sex, age and comorbidities [OR 2.40 (1.1-5.8), p=0.05]. Conclusion: STEMI treatment and mortality were different according to the type of medical coverage.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26262269

RESUMO

User-centered design is mentioned by Norman as "the need for a design that uses the natural properties of the individuals, exploiting the relationships and constraints and focusing on the needs and interests of the user, in order to make the final products usable and understandable". This is also important in health developments. The objective of this paper is to search and analyze articles in the healthcare field where user-centered design principles have been applied. We describe findings in this topic from articles published between January 1995 and September 2014.


Assuntos
Aplicações da Informática Médica , Design de Software , Humanos , Interface Usuário-Computador
6.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 83(3): 1-10, June 2015. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-957610

RESUMO

background: Smoking is the leading cause of preventable morbidity and death. It is important to know the characteristics of smoking habits among physicians and their attitude toward patients who smoke. Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of smoking among physicians in Argentina, the factors associated with tobacco consumption and their attitude toward their patients who smoke. Methods: An observational cross- sectional study was performed between June and December 2013 in Argentine physicians of dif-ferent specialties. Using a structured survey, the following variables were analyzed: associated cardiovascular risk factors, charac-teristics of tobacco consumption, smoking cessation training and the attitude toward the patient who smokes. results: 3,033 physicians were surveyed, ; 57% were men, and mean age was 41.3±12 years; 19.7% were current smokers and 21.7% were former smokers. The probability of being a smoker was higher among surgeons (OR 1.29) or physicians working at the emergency room (OR 1.41). Undergraduate and postgraduate tobacco cessation training was achieved by 36.6% and 40.8% of physicians, respectively. Young physicians, clinical specialties or private practice were associated with higher level of training. Tobacco cessation counseling was more frequent in physicians with higher level of training than physicians who smoked or surgeons. Former smokers presented higher prevalence of risk factors and cardiovascular events. Family history of smoking habit was more common in former smokers and current smokers. Conclusions: The prevalence of smoking among Argentine physicians is high. Different factors are involved in the probability of smoking, tobacco cessation training or the possibility of medical counseling. Higher level of training in smoking cessation must be provided.

7.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 82(4): 275-284, ago. 2014. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-734511

RESUMO

Introducción Los registros de síndromes coronarios agudos realizados por la Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología aportan información actualizada y comparativa sobre su evolución, cuyo análisis permite conocer la tasa de mortalidad, diferentes patrones de tratamiento regionales y evaluar la relación entre los resultados y variables demográficas, características clínicas y terapéutica aplicada en la “vida real”. Objetivos Analizar las características clínicas, terapéuticas y evolutivas del infarto agudo de miocardio con supradesnivel del segmento ST (IAMST) del registro multicéntrico realizado por la Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología durante 2011. Material y métodos Se analizaron pacientes con diagnóstico de IAMST incluidos en el registro multicéntrico SCAR (Síndromes Coronarios Agudos en Argentina). Se compararon datos de centros que participaron en los registros de 2005 y de 2011. Resultados Se incluyeron 476 pacientes. Una cuarta parte fueron mujeres, la edad media fue de 61 ± 12,3 años, el 70% recibió tratamiento de reperfusión: 20% (n = 92) con trombolíticos y 50% (n = 238) con angioplastia primaria. La mortalidad hospitalaria de los IAMST fue del 8%. Fueron predictores independientes de muerte la edad mayor de 70 años (OR 2, IC 95% 1,2-3,3; p = 0,003), no haber recibido tratamiento de reperfusión (OR 1,72, IC 95% 1,1-2,0; p = 0,01) y el shock cardiogénico (OR 37, IC 95% 12-117; p < 0,0001). Comparando los mismos centros, en 2011 se redujo en un 30% el número de casos que no recibieron tratamiento de reperfusión, con un incremento del uso de la angioplastia primaria [OR 3,7 (IC 95% 1,6-4; p < 0,001)]. Se detectó también una reducción de la mortalidad hospitalaria [OR 0,40 (IC 95% 0,23-0,83; p = 0,01)]. Conclusiones El 70% de los pacientes con IAMST del SCAR recibió tratamiento de reperfusión, mientras que la mortalidad fue del 8%. Respecto de 2005 se observó, entre otros hallazgos, un incremento de la angioplastia primaria y una disminución de la mortalidad hospitalaria.


Introduction Acute coronary syndrome registries made by the Argentine Society of Cardiology provide current and comparative information on their evolution, whose analysis allows to know mortality rate and different regional treatment patterns, and to evaluate the relationship between outcomes and demographic variables, clinical characteristics and therapy applied in “real life”. Objectives To analyze the clinical, therapeutic and outcome characteristics of ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) included in a multicenter registry conducted by the Argentine Society of Cardiology in 2011. Methods Patients diagnosed with STEMI included in the multicenter SCAR (Acute Coronary Syndromes in Argentina) registry were analyzed. Data from centers that participated in the 2005 and 2011 registries were compared. Results The study included 476 patients. Twenty-five percent of patients were women, mean age was 61 ± 12.3 years, and 70% received reperfusion therapy: 20% (n = 92) with thrombolytics and 50% (n = 238) with primary angioplasty. In-hospital mortality rate due to STEMI was 8%. Independent predictors of death were age over 70 years (OR 2, 95% CI 1.2-3.3, p = 0.003), not having received reperfusion therapy (OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.1-2.0, p = 0.01) and cardiogenic shock (OR 37, 95% CI 12-117, p < 0.0001). Comparison of the same centers showed that in 2011 the number of cases that did not receive reperfusion therapy was reduced by 30%, with increased use of primary angioplasty [OR 3.7 (95% CI 1.6-4, p < 0.001)]. A reduction of in-hospital mortality [OR 0.40 (95% CI 0.23-0.83, p = 0.01)] was also identified. Conclusions Seventy percent of patients with STEMI included in the SCAR registry received reperfusion therapy, while mortality rate was 8%. Compared with 2005, an increase of primary angioplasty and decreased in-hospital mortality was found, among other findings.

8.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 82(4): 275-284, ago. 2014. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-131331

RESUMO

Introducción Los registros de síndromes coronarios agudos realizados por la Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología aportan información actualizada y comparativa sobre su evolución, cuyo análisis permite conocer la tasa de mortalidad, diferentes patrones de tratamiento regionales y evaluar la relación entre los resultados y variables demográficas, características clínicas y terapéutica aplicada en la ôvida realö. Objetivos Analizar las características clínicas, terapéuticas y evolutivas del infarto agudo de miocardio con supradesnivel del segmento ST (IAMST) del registro multicéntrico realizado por la Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología durante 2011. Material y métodos Se analizaron pacientes con diagnóstico de IAMST incluidos en el registro multicéntrico SCAR (Síndromes Coronarios Agudos en Argentina). Se compararon datos de centros que participaron en los registros de 2005 y de 2011. Resultados Se incluyeron 476 pacientes. Una cuarta parte fueron mujeres, la edad media fue de 61 ± 12,3 años, el 70% recibió tratamiento de reperfusión: 20% (n = 92) con trombolíticos y 50% (n = 238) con angioplastia primaria. La mortalidad hospitalaria de los IAMST fue del 8%. Fueron predictores independientes de muerte la edad mayor de 70 años (OR 2, IC 95% 1,2-3,3; p = 0,003), no haber recibido tratamiento de reperfusión (OR 1,72, IC 95% 1,1-2,0; p = 0,01) y el shock cardiogénico (OR 37, IC 95% 12-117; p < 0,0001). Comparando los mismos centros, en 2011 se redujo en un 30% el número de casos que no recibieron tratamiento de reperfusión, con un incremento del uso de la angioplastia primaria [OR 3,7 (IC 95% 1,6-4; p < 0,001)]. Se detectó también una reducción de la mortalidad hospitalaria [OR 0,40 (IC 95% 0,23-0,83; p = 0,01)]. Conclusiones El 70% de los pacientes con IAMST del SCAR recibió tratamiento de reperfusión, mientras que la mortalidad fue del 8%. Respecto de 2005 se observó, entre otros hallazgos, un incremento de la angioplastia primaria y una disminución de la mortalidad hospitalaria.(AU)


Introduction Acute coronary syndrome registries made by the Argentine Society of Cardiology provide current and comparative information on their evolution, whose analysis allows to know mortality rate and different regional treatment patterns, and to evaluate the relationship between outcomes and demographic variables, clinical characteristics and therapy applied in ôreal lifeö. Objectives To analyze the clinical, therapeutic and outcome characteristics of ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) included in a multicenter registry conducted by the Argentine Society of Cardiology in 2011. Methods Patients diagnosed with STEMI included in the multicenter SCAR (Acute Coronary Syndromes in Argentina) registry were analyzed. Data from centers that participated in the 2005 and 2011 registries were compared. Results The study included 476 patients. Twenty-five percent of patients were women, mean age was 61 ± 12.3 years, and 70% received reperfusion therapy: 20% (n = 92) with thrombolytics and 50% (n = 238) with primary angioplasty. In-hospital mortality rate due to STEMI was 8%. Independent predictors of death were age over 70 years (OR 2, 95% CI 1.2-3.3, p = 0.003), not having received reperfusion therapy (OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.1-2.0, p = 0.01) and cardiogenic shock (OR 37, 95% CI 12-117, p < 0.0001). Comparison of the same centers showed that in 2011 the number of cases that did not receive reperfusion therapy was reduced by 30%, with increased use of primary angioplasty [OR 3.7 (95% CI 1.6-4, p < 0.001)]. A reduction of in-hospital mortality [OR 0.40 (95% CI 0.23-0.83, p = 0.01)] was also identified. Conclusions Seventy percent of patients with STEMI included in the SCAR registry received reperfusion therapy, while mortality rate was 8%. Compared with 2005, an increase of primary angioplasty and decreased in-hospital mortality was found, among other findings.(AU)

9.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 77(2): 129-130, mar.-abr. 2009. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-634071

RESUMO

Los primeros registros de embolia pulmonar por polimetilmetacrilato se publicaron recientemente (2003) y desde entonces se describieron no más de 15 casos. Se presenta el caso de un paciente joven a quien dos meses antes de la consulta se le había efectuado una vertebroplastia percutánea con polimetilmetacrilato. Por síntomas pleuríticos se le realizó una radiografía de tórax, que evidenció múltiples imágenes radioopacas en ambos campos pulmonares. La embolia pulmonar por polimetilmetacrilato es una complicación muy poco frecuente de ese procedimiento y un diagnóstico diferencial para tener en cuenta en pacientes con el antecedente y que consulten por dolor precordial o disnea.


The first records of pulmonary embolism by polymethyl methacrylate have been recently published (2003) with no more than 15 cases reported. The current case report describes a young patient who underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty with polymethyl methacrylate two months before consultation. The patient complaint of symptoms suggestive of pleural compromise; the chest X-ray showed multiple radiopaque images in both pulmonary fields. Pulmonary embolism by polymethyl mehtacrylate is an infrequent complication related to the procedure; however, it should be ruled out in patients with a history of vertebroplasty who present chest pain or dyspnea.

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