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1.
Clin Rheumatol ; 37(4): 999-1009, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29214548

RESUMO

The objective of the study is to determine the importance of the mode of onset as prognostic factor in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Data were collected from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE), a nationwide retrospective multicenter database created in 2006. As first symptom, we included Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), cutaneous sclerosis, arthralgia/arthritis, puffy hands, interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and digestive hypomotility. A total of 1625 patients were recruited. One thousand three hundred forty-two patients (83%) presented with RP as first symptom and 283 patients (17%) did not. Survival from first symptom in those patients with RP mode of onset was higher at any time than those with onset as non-Raynaud's phenomenon: 97 vs. 90% at 5 years, 93 vs. 82% at 10 years, 83 vs. 62% at 20 years, and 71 vs. 50% at 30 years (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, factors related to mortality were older age at onset, male gender, dcSSc subset, ILD, PAH, scleroderma renal crisis (SRC), heart involvement, and the mode of onset with non-Raynaud's phenomenon, especially in the form of puffy hands or pulmonary involvement. The mode of onset should be considered an independent prognostic factor in systemic sclerosis and, in particular, patients who initially present with non-Raynaud's phenomenon may be considered of poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Artralgia/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doença de Raynaud/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Avaliação de Sintomas
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 94(43): e1728, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26512564

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare, multisystem disease showing a large individual variability in disease progression and prognosis. In the present study, we assess survival, causes of death, and risk factors of mortality in a large series of Spanish SSc patients. Consecutive SSc patients fulfilling criteria of the classification by LeRoy were recruited in the survey. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional-hazards models were used to analyze survival and to identify predictors of mortality. Among 879 consecutive patients, 138 (15.7%) deaths were registered. Seventy-six out of 138 (55%) deceased patients were due to causes attributed to SSc, and pulmonary hypertension (PH) was the leading cause in 23 (16.6%) patients. Survival rates were 96%, 93%, 83%, and 73% at 5, 10, 20, and 30 years after the first symptom, respectively. Survival rates for diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) and limited cutaneous SSc were 91%, 86%, 64%, and 39%; and 97%, 95%, 85%, and 81% at 5, 10, 20, and 30 years, respectively (log-rank: 67.63, P < 0.0001). The dcSSc subset, male sex, age at disease onset older than 65 years, digital ulcers, interstitial lung disease (ILD), PH, heart involvement, scleroderma renal crisis (SRC), presence of antitopoisomerase I and absence of anticentromere antibodies, and active capillaroscopic pattern showed reduced survival rate. In a multivariate analysis, older age at disease onset, dcSSc, ILD, PH, and SRC were independent risk factors for mortality. In the present study involving a large cohort of SSc patients, a high prevalence of disease-related causes of death was demonstrated. Older age at disease onset, dcSSc, ILD, PH, and SRC were identified as independent prognostic factors.


Assuntos
Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia
3.
Tissue Antigens ; 80(3): 254-8, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22742541

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a complex autoimmune disease which genetic component has not been yet completely understood. IL6 encodes a cytokine with a crucial role in the development of autoimmunity and fibrosis and its actions mainly are controlled by IL-6 receptor (IL-6R). We aimed to investigate whether the functional genetic variants rs8192284 and rs2228044 previously associated with several autoimmune diseases, located within the IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) subunits IL6R and IL6ST genes, respectively, are involved in the susceptibility to SSc and/or its major clinical subphenotypes. A Spanish cohort including 1013 SSc patients and 1375 controls was genotyped using the TaqMan® allelic discrimination technology. SSc patients were subdivided according to the major clinical forms, autoantibody status and presence of fibrotic lung affection. Our data showed no influence of the selected variants in global SSc susceptibility (rs8192284: P=0.67, odds ratios (OR)=0.98; rs2228044: P=0.99, OR=1.00). Similarly, the clinical/autoantibody subphenotype analyses did not yielded significant results. Our data suggest that the analyzed polymorphisms may not play a significant role in the SSc susceptibility.


Assuntos
Receptor gp130 de Citocina/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-6/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Frequência do Gene/genética , Humanos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética
4.
Genes Immun ; 13(2): 191-6, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22012429

RESUMO

Regulatory T cells (T(regs)) are crucial in the maintenance of the immune tolerance and seem to have an important role in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The interleukin 2 receptor α (IL2RA) is an important T(reg) marker, and polymorphisms of IL2RA gene are associated with a number of autoimmune diseases. Therefore, we aimed to investigate for the first time the association of the IL2RA locus in SSc. For this purpose, a total of 3023 SSc patients and 2735 matched healthy controls, from six European Caucasian cohorts, were genotyped for the IL2RA gene variants rs11594656, rs2104286 and rs12722495 using the TaqMan allelic discrimination technology. The overall meta-analysis reached statistical significance when the three polymorphisms were tested for association with SSc, the limited subtype (lcSSc) and anti-centromere auto-antibodies (ACAs). However, no significant P-values were obtained when the ACA-positive patients were removed from the SSc and lcSSc groups, suggesting that these associations rely on ACA positivity. The strongest association signal with ACA production was detected for rs2104286 (P(FDR)=2.07 × 10(-4), odds ratio=1.30 (1.14-1.47)). The associations of rs11594656 and rs12722495 were lost after conditioning to rs2104286, and allelic combination tests did not evidence a combined effect, indicating that rs2104286 best described the association between IL2RA and ACA presence in SSc.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Adulto , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Loci Gênicos , Humanos , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia
8.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 70(3): 454-62, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21131644

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Two functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the PTPN22 gene (rs24746601 and rs33996649) have been associated with autoimmunity. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the R263Q SNP for the first time and to re-evaluate the role of the R620W SNP in the genetic predisposition to systemic sclerosis (SSc) susceptibility and clinical phenotypes. METHODS: 3422 SSc patients (2020 with limited cutaneous SSc and 1208 with diffuse cutaneous SSc) and 3638 healthy controls of Caucasian ancestry from an initial case--control set of Spain and seven additional independent replication cohorts were included in our study. Both rs33996649 and rs2476601 PTPN22 polymorphisms were genotyped by TaqMan allelic discrimination assay. A meta-analysis was performed to test the overall effect of these PTPN22 polymorphisms in SSc. RESULTS: The meta-analysis revealed evidence of association of the rs2476601 T allele with SSc susceptibility (p(FDRcorrected)=0.03 pooled, OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.28). In addition, the rs2476601 T allele was significantly associated with anticentromere-positive status (p(FDRcorrected)=0.02 pooled, OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.42). Although the rs33996649 A allele was significantly associated with SSc in the Spanish population (p(FDRcorrected)=0.04, OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.36 to 0.92), this association was not confirmed in the meta-analysis (p=0.36 pooled, OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.72 to 1.1). CONCLUSION: The study suggests that the PTPN22 R620W polymorphism influences SSc genetic susceptibility but the novel R263Q genetic variant does not. These data strengthen evidence that the R620W mutation is a common risk factor in autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 22/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia
9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 28(4): 468-76, 2010 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20525449

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the safety and efficacy of the off-label use of rituximab in patients with severe, refractory systemic autoimmune diseases. METHODS: In 2006, the Study Group on Autoimmune Diseases of the Spanish Society of Internal Medicine created the BIOGEAS project, a multicenter study devoted to collecting data on the use of biological agents in adult patients with systemic autoimmune diseases refractory to standard therapies (failure of at least two immunosuppressive agents). RESULTS: One hundred and ninety-six patients with systemic autoimmune diseases treated with rituximab have been included in the Registry (158 women and 38 men, mean age 43 years). Systemic autoimmune diseases included systemic lupus erythematosus (107 cases), inflammatory myopathies (20 cases), ANCA-related vasculitides (19 cases), Sjögren's syndrome (15 cases) and other diseases (35 cases). A therapeutic response was evaluable in 194 cases: 99 (51%) achieved a complete response, 51 (26%) a partial response and 44 (23%) were classified as non-responders. After a mean follow-up of 27.56+/-1.32 months, 44 (29%) out of the 150 responders patients relapsed. There were 40 adverse events reported in 33 (16%) of the 196 patients. The most frequent adverse events were infections, with 24 episodes being described in 19 patients. Thirteen (7%) patients died, mainly due to disease progression (7 cases) and infection (3 cases). CONCLUSIONS: Although not yet licensed for this use, rituximab is currently used to treat severe, refractory systemic autoimmune diseases, with the most favourable results being observed in Sjögren's syndrome, inflammatory myopathies, systemic lupus erythematosus and cryoglobulinemia.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Uso Off-Label , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/tratamento farmacológico , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/etnologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/efeitos adversos , Doenças Autoimunes/etnologia , Crioglobulinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Crioglobulinemia/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/etnologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miosite/tratamento farmacológico , Miosite/etnologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Sjogren/etnologia , Espanha , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 69(4): 700-5, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19815934

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible association of the BANK1 gene with genetic susceptibility to systemic sclerosis (SSc) and its subphenotypes. METHODS: A large multicentre case-control association study including 2380 patients with SSc and 3270 healthy controls from six independent case-control sets of Caucasian ancestry (American, Spanish, Dutch, German, Swedish and Italian) was conducted. Three putative functional BANK1 polymorphisms (rs17266594 T/C, rs10516487 G/A, rs3733197 G/A) were selected as genetic markers and genotyped by Taqman 5 allelic discrimination assay. RESULTS: A significant association of the rs10516487 G and rs17266594 T alleles with SSc susceptibility was observed (pooled OR=1.12, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.22; p=0.01 and pooled OR=1.14, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.25; p=0.003, respectively), whereas the rs3733197 genetic variant showed no statistically significant deviation. Stratification for cutaneous SSc phenotype showed that the BANK1 rs10516487 G, rs17266594 T and rs3733197 G alleles were strongly associated with susceptibility to diffuse SSc (dcSSc) (pooled OR=1.20, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.37, p=0.005; pooled OR=1.23, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.41, p=0.001; pooled OR=1.15, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.31, p=0.02, respectively). Similarly, stratification for specific SSc autoantibodies showed that the association of BANK1 rs10516487, rs17266594 and rs3733197 polymorphisms was restricted to the subgroup of patients carrying anti-topoisomerase I antibodies (pooled OR=1.20, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.41, p=0.03; pooled OR=1.24, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.46, p=0.01; pooled OR=1.26, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.47, p=0.004, respectively). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the BANK1 gene confers susceptibility to SSc in general, and specifically to the dcSSc and anti-topoisomerase I antibody subsets.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Esclerodermia Difusa/genética , Autoanticorpos/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Esclerodermia Difusa/imunologia
11.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 27(2): 267-71, 2009 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19473567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relevance of genetic variants of TLR5 (rs5744168) and TLR7 (rs179008) gene in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a Spanish population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study population consisted of 752 SLE patients and 1107 healthy controls. All individual were of Spanish Caucasian origin. The TLR5 and TLR7 polymorphisms were genotyped using a PCR system with pre-developed TaqMan allelic discrimination assay. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were observed when the allele and genotype distribution of TLR5 rs5744168 and TLR7 rs179008 polymorphisms was compared between SLE patients and healthy controls. A significant increase frequency in the CC genotype of the TLR5 rs5744168 polymorphism among SLE patients without nephritis was found (93% vs. 87% in SLE patients with nephritis, p=0.03, OR=2.11 95%CI 0.93-3.51). However, this difference did not reach statistical significance in the allele frequencies (p=0.08). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the tested variations of TLR5 and TLR7 genes do not confer a relevant role in the susceptibility or severity to SLE in the Spanish population.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptor 5 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 7 Toll-Like/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Humanos , Razão de Chances
12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 47 Suppl 5: v33-5, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18784138

RESUMO

It is well established that patients with CTDs such as SSc carry a considerable risk of developing pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Such SSc-PAH patients have an even worse prognosis than patients with only one of these two conditions. In view of the high incidence and prevalence of PAH in SSc, and the available treatment options that improve quality of life, exercise capacity and possibly survival, systematic screening has been recommended. The present article reviews current recommendations from PAH guidelines, focusing on studies that used Doppler echocardiography for screening, and describes limitations associated with the procedure. Furthermore, characteristics and parameters used to identify patients at high risk of developing PAH are summarized.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações
13.
Neumosur (Sevilla) ; 20(3): 140-145, jul.-sept. 2008. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-84504

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Estudiar la posible relación entre las manifestaciones clínicas de la sarcoidosis y los polimorfismos del gen de laciclooxigenasa-2 (COX-2).MÉTODO: Estudio multicéntrico observacional transversal en el que participaron 7 hospitales de España. Se incluyeron pacientes diagnosticados de sarcoidosis según criterios internacionales. De cada caso se recogió edad, sexo, método diagnóstico, enzima convertidora de angiotensina, pruebas de función respiratoria, estadio radiológico y clínica del paciente en el momento del diagnóstico. Los hallazgos clínicos se agruparon en respiratorios y sistémicos. Los estudios genéticos se realizaron a partir del ADN obtenido de linfocitos de sangre periférica. El ADN se amplificó mediante PCR convencional y los polimorfismos fueron analizados por sondas de hibridación fluorescentes y curvas de disociación. Se determinaron4 variantes alélicas del gen de la COX-2: COX2.5909T>G,COX2.8473T>C, COX2.926G>C y COX2.3050G>C. RESULTADOS: La muestra se compuso de 131 casos de sarcoidosis (63 hombres; edad: 47 ± 15 años), todos con diagnóstico histológico menos 5 casos. El polimorfismo COX2.3050G>C en homocigosis resultó estar significativamente presente entre los pacientes con manifestaciones sistémicas frente al resto de pacientes (4,6% vs 0%;p=0,045). La presencia de manifestaciones sistémicas de la enfermedad estuvo significativamente asociada a los pacientes portadores del alelo C de dicho polimorfismo (34,4% vs. 18,6%; p=0,031; OR:2,3; IC 95%: 1,03-5,12). El resto de polimorfismos estudiados no estuvieron relacionados con la expresión clínica de la enfermedad. CONCLUSIÓN: La presencia de manifestaciones sistémicas parece estar relacionada con los portadores del alelo C del polimorfismoCOX2.3050G>C de la COX-2 (AU)


OBJECTIVE: To study clinical manifestations of sarcoidosis according to cyclooxigenase-2 (COX-2) polymorphisms. METHOD: Observational cross-sectional multicentre trial in which 7 Spanish hospitals participated. Patients diagnosed withs arcoidosis according to international criteria were included. Age, gender, diagnostic method, angiontens in converting enzyme, pulmonary function tests, radiological stage and clinical findings at the moment of the diagnosis were recorded for each case included. Clinical findings were grouped as respiratory or systemic. Genetic studies were performed on DNA extracted from peripheral blood lymphocytes. DNA was amplified by conventional PCR and polymorphisms were studied by Fluorescent Hybridization Probe-Melting Curves. COX-2 polymorphisms genotyped were COX2.5909T>G, COX2.8473 T>C, COX2.926 G>C y COX2.3050 G>C.RESULTS: 131 sarcoidosis patients (63 males, age: 47 ± 15years) were included. All included patients had a histological diagnosis except for 5 patients. COX2.3050G>C homozygote polymorphism resulted to be significantly present in patients with a systemic manifestation of the disease as compared with the rest of the sample(4,6% vs 0%; p = 0,045). Systemic manifestations were significantly associated with allele C carriers of this polymorphism (34.4% vs.18.6%; p = 0.031; OR: 2.3; IC 95%: 1.03 – 5.12). The rest of the studied polymorphisms were not significantly related to the clinical manifestations of the disease. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that allele C carriers ofCOX2.3050G>C polymorphism are associated with the systemic manifestations of sarcoidosis (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Alelos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
14.
Rev. clín. esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 208(3): 142-155, mar. 2008. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-63881

RESUMO

La hipertensión arterial pulmonar es un proceso idiopático o puede estar asociado a otras circunstancias como enfermedades del tejido conectivo, cardiopatías congénitas, hipertensión portal, exposición a inhibidores del apetito u otras drogas, o a agentes infecciosos como en el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). En la mayor parte de los pacientes se llega al diagnóstico como resultado de la valoración de sus síntomas, mientras que otros son diagnosticados fortuitamente o durante la revisión sistemática de individuos asintomáticos pertenecientes a grupos de riesgo. Se revisan los métodos de valoración útiles para el diagnóstico de la hipertensión arterial pulmonar. Un algoritmo diagnóstico puede servir de guía en dicha evaluación, aunque puede ser modificado de acuerdo con circunstancias clínicas específicas. El número de opciones terapéuticas se ha incrementado en los últimos años. Se revisa la utilización de los bloqueadores de los canales de calcio, prostaciclina y análogos, antagonistas de los receptores de la endotelina, inhibidores de la fosfodiesterasa-5 y del tratamiento combinado y se proporcionan recomendaciones específicas acerca del tratamiento actual


Pulmonary arterial hypertension is an idiopathic process or can be associated with another circumstances (connective tissue diseases, congenital heart disease, portal hypertension, exposure to appetite suppressants or anoher drugs or infectious agents such as HIV). Most patients are diagnosed as the result of an evaluation of symptoms, whereas others are diagnosed incidentally or during screening of asymptomatic populations at risk. We reviews systematic screening for the approach to diagnosing pulmonary arterial hypertension. A diagnostic algorithm can guide the evaluation but it can be modified according to specific clinical circumstances. The number of therapeutic options has increased.in the last years. We reviews the use of calcium-channel blockers, prostacyclin (and analogues), endothelin-receptor antagonists, and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, and the use of combination therapy, and provides specific recommendations about the actual treatment (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Anamnese/métodos , Radiografia Torácica , Ecocardiografia , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Endotelina/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Fosfodiesterase/uso terapêutico
15.
Scand J Rheumatol ; 35(4): 290-4, 2006 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16882593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anti-centromere autoantibodies (ACA) are frequently detected in systemic sclerosis (SScl), especially in the calcinosis, Raynaud phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, telangiectasia (CREST) syndrome, in which a prevalence of 55% has been reported. The presence of ACA in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is so rare that its detection can raise serious doubts about the validity of the diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of ACA positive subjects from a wide monocentric cohort of SLE patients and analyse the clinical and biological characteristics of this group. METHODS: Five hundred and sixty consecutive SLE patients were systematically analysed for the presence of ACA and other autoantibodies using indirect immunofluorescence, counter-immunoelectrophoresis, double immunodiffusion, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western-blot. RESULTS: ACA were detected in 11 SLE patients (1.9%); all of them were women. The CENP-B-specific ELISA was positive in all patients. The main clinical features of scleroderma (cutaneous sclerosis, sclerodactylia, digital ulcers, or pulmonary fibrosis) were not present in these patients, who did not differ clinically from the whole SLE group. CONCLUSIONS: ACA can be detected in patients with genuine SLE without concurrent scleroderma. Therefore, the presence of this antibody does not preclude the possibility of the diagnosis of SLE. In addition, SLE patients with ACA do not represent a different clinical subgroup.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Centrômero/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Síndrome CREST/diagnóstico , Síndrome CREST/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Rev Clin Esp ; 206(8): 388-91, 2006 Sep.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16863625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To describe the characteristics of a series of patients diagnosed of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKHD) and controlled by an Uveitis Unit (composed of ophthalmologists and internists) in our population. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective descriptive study of 11 patients with VKHD (5 males and 6 women; median age at diagnosis 32.6 years old) followed-up between 1980 and 2003. RESULTS: All patients suffered panuveitis and/or exudative retinal detachment. Extraocular signs were present in all cases: neurological in 63.7% (aseptic meningitis and/or focal symptoms), cutaneous in 81.8% (vitiligo, whiteness, poliosis, alopecia), neurosensorial hypoacusis (50% of patients with audiometry), and general symptoms in 25%. They all received systemic corticosteroids. Cyclosporine was added in 5 patients (45.4%) with posterior uveitis, and azathioprine in 2 of them for iridocyclitis. The final visual acuity was 0.5 or better in 81.8% of cases, but 2 patients had an unfavourable evolution (one, who had cataract and band keratopathy in the left eye and severe visual worsening, needed right vitrectomy, and the other suffered severe ocular hypotension). Complications developed in 2 other patients: cataract and glaucoma in one, and synechiae without glaucoma in the other. CONCLUSIONS: We found less frequency of exudative retinal detachment and greater frequency of cutaneous signs than the communicated. A significant percentage of cases needed immunosuppressive agents. Final visual acuity was good in the majority of patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Uveomeningoencefálica/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Área Programática (Saúde) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espanha/epidemiologia , Uveíte/epidemiologia , Síndrome Uveomeningoencefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Uveomeningoencefálica/epidemiologia , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
19.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 2(1): 23-30, ene.-feb. 2006. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-77542

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analizar la efectividad y tolerancia a corto plazo de la terapia con rituximab (RTX) en pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) y diferentes manifestaciones clínicas. Pacientes y métodos: Se estudió a un total de 13 pacientes. El RTX fue indicado en 6 ocasiones para el tratamiento de nefritis refractaria, en 5 para el tratamiento de trombocitopenia grave, en 1 para el tratamiento de aplasia medular y en 1 para el tratamiento de vasculitis peritoneal asociada a nefritis. Los 13 pacientes fueron tratados con 4 dosis semanales de 375 mg/m2 de RTX. El tiempo medio de seguimiento fue 12 ± 8,5 meses. Nueve pacientes experimentaron una respuesta favorable; 3 con nefropatía, 5 con trombocitopenia y 1 con vasculitis peritoneal y nefritis. El SLEDAI medio pasó de 11 a 6,5. Dos pacientes con trombocitopenia presentaron recidivas; y la respuesta al retratamiento fue buena. Conclusiones: El presente estudio demuestra que RTX es un fármaco efectivo y seguro, a corto plazo, en el tratamiento de diferentes manifestaciones clínicas asociadas al LES(AU)


Objective: To assess the short-term effectiveness and tolerance of rituximab in patients with systemic lupus erythematous and distinct clinical manifestations. Patients and methods: Thirteen patients were studied. Rituximab (RTX) was indicated for refractory nephritis in 6 patients, severe thrombocytopenia in 5, aplastic anemia in 1 and peritoneal vasculitis associated with nephritis in 1. All patients received 4 weekly doses of 375 mg/m2 of RTX. The mean length of follow-up was 12 ± 8.5 months. Response was favorable in 9 patients: 3 with nephritis, 5 with thrombocytopenia and 1 with peritoneal vasculitis and nephritis. The mean SLE disease activity index decreased from 11 to 6.5 points. Thrombocytopenia recurred in 2 patients, who responded well to retreatment. Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that RTX is safe and effective as short-term therapy for distinct clinical manifestations associated with SLE(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacocinética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Trombocitopenia/tratamento farmacológico , Vasculite/tratamento farmacológico , Antígenos CD20
20.
Reumatol Clin ; 2(1): 23-30, 2006 Jan.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21794298

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term effectiveness and tolerance of rituximab in patients with systemic lupus erythematous and distinct clinical manifestations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients were studied. Rituximab (RTX) was indicated for refractory nephritis in 6 patients, severe thrombocytopenia in 5, aplastic anemia in 1 and peritoneal vasculitis associated with nephritis in 1. All patients received 4 weekly doses of 375 mg/m(2) of RTX. The mean length of follow-up was 12±8.5 months. Response was favorable in 9 patients: 3 with nephritis, 5 with thrombocytopenia and 1 with peritoneal vasculitis and nephritis. The mean SLE disease activity index decreased from 11 to 6.5 points. Thrombocytopenia recurred in 2 patients, who responded well to retreatment. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that RTX is safe and effective as short-term therapy for distinct clinical manifestations associated with SLE.

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