Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.465
Filtrar
2.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; 234: 110216, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636544

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory enteropathies (CIE) in dogs involves dysregulated innate immune responses. The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), a pattern recognition receptor, plays a role in chronic inflammation. Abrogation of proinflammatory RAGE signaling by ligand binding (e.g., S100/calgranulins) to soluble RAGE (sRAGE) might also be a novel therapeutic avenue. Serum sRAGE levels are decreased in canine CIE, but gastrointestinal tissue RAGE expression has not been investigated in dogs. Thus, the study aimed to evaluate the gastrointestinal mucosal RAGE expression in dogs with CIE. Further, the potential binding of RAGE to canine S100/calgranulin ligands was investigated. Epithelial RAGE expression was quantified in gastrointestinal (gastric, duodenal, ileal, and colonic) biopsies from 12 dogs with CIE and 9 healthy control dogs using confocal laser scanning microscopy. RAGE expression was compared between both groups of dogs and was tested for an association with patient characteristics, clinical variables, histologic lesion severity, and biomarkers of extra-gastrointestinal disease, systemic or gastrointestinal inflammation, function, or protein loss. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. RAGE:S100/calgranulin binding was assessed by immunoassay and electrophoretic techniques. RAGE expression was detected in all 59 biopsies from diseased and healthy control dogs evaluated. Epithelial RAGE expression in the duodenum and colon was significantly higher in dogs with CIE than in healthy controls (p < 0.04). Compared to healthy controls, RAGE expression in dogs with CIE also tended to be higher in the ileum but lower in the stomach. A slight (statistically not significant) shift towards more basal intestinal epithelial RAGE expression was detected in CIE dogs. Serum sRAGE was proportional to epithelial RAGE expression in the duodenum (p < 0.04), and RAGE expression in the colon inversely correlated with biomarkers of protein loss in serum (both p < 0.04). Several histologic morphologic and inflammatory lesion criteria and markers of inflammation (serum C-reactive protein and fecal calprotectin concentration) were related to epithelial RAGE expression in the duodenum, ileum, and/or colon. in vitro canine RAGE:S100A12 binding appeared more pronounced than RAGE:S100A8/A9 binding. This study showed a dysregulation of epithelial RAGE expression along the gastrointestinal tract in dogs with CIE. Compensatory regulations in the sRAGE/RAGE axis are an alternative explanation for these findings. The results suggest that RAGE signaling plays a role in dogs with CIE, but higher anti-inflammatory decoy receptor sRAGE levels paralleled RAGE overexpression. Canine S100/calgranulins were demonstrated to be ligands for RAGE.

3.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 49(1): 118-127, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528939

RESUMO

Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) is characterized by a chronic or recurrent non-invasive infection, mainly due to Candida albicans, in skin, nails, and mucous membranes, associated in some cases with autoimmune manifestations. The key immune defect is a disruption of the action of cytokine IL-17, whose most common genetic etiology is STAT1 gene gain-of-function (GOF) mutations. The initial appropriate treatment for fungal infections is with azoles. However, the frequent occurrence of drug resistance is the main limitation. Therefore, identification of the underlying inborn error if immunity in CMC may allow to widen therapeutic options aimed at restoring immunological function. Type I and II Janus kinase-inhibitors have been shown to control CMC in cases associated with STAT1 GOF. In this review, we delve into the pathogenesis of CMC and the underlying immune mechanisms. We describe the reported genetic defects in which CMC is the main manifestation. Diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for these patients are also offered.

4.
Environ Technol ; : 1-17, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594941

RESUMO

Transition metal oxides have been applied to degrade organic dyes found in water bodies via photocatalysis. To do it, however, is essential that the dye molecules adsorb onto the metal oxide surface. Thus, optimizing the adsorption capacity of the adsorbent increases the probability of reaction between oxidation radicals and organic dye molecules and maximizes the effectiveness per gram of photocatalyst. With this in mind, we studied the adsorption behavior of Methylene Blue (MB) and Acid Orange 7 (AO7), two commonly found pollutants, as a function of dilution's pH, WO3 load, and initial dye concentration. We found out that WO3 adsorbs up to 80% of MB at pH = 6, and 13% of AO7 at pH = 2, although it is unable to adsorb AO7 at the natural pH of the dye dilution. Assuming a pseudo-second order kinetics model for the analysis of the MB adsorption amount, we determined a rate constant k2 = 6 × 10-2(g · mg-1)/min for the adsorption process. We put forward a molecular model for adsorption, driven by concentration gradients and electrostatic interactions. Finally, from a statistical analysis, we determined that pH is the most significant factor for the adsorption of MB and AO7 on WO3, reinforcing the notion that electrostatic interactions are the main mechanism driving the adsorption process. The Box-Behnken design optimization also evinces the key playing role of WO3 load in the adsorption percentage of AO7 and let us establish the optimal load required to maximize adsorption.

5.
Acta Biomater ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618018

RESUMO

The unprecedented properties of meta-biomaterials could pave the way for the development of life-lasting orthopedic implants. Here, we used non-auxetic meta-biomaterials to address the shortcomings of the current treatment options in acetabular revision surgery. Due to the severe bone deficiencies and poor bone quality, it can be very challenging to acquire adequate initial implant stability and long-term fixation. More advanced treatments, such as patient-specific implants, do guarantee the initial stability, but are formidably expensive and may eventually fail due to stress shielding. We, therefore, developed meta-implants furnished with a deformable porous outer layer. Upon implantation, this layer plastically deforms into the defects, thereby improving the initial stability and homogeneously stimulating the surrounding bone. We first studied the space-filling behavior of additively manufactured pure titanium lattices, based on six different unit cells, in a compression test complemented with full-field strain measurements. The diamond, body-centered cubic, and rhombic dodecahedron unit cells were eventually selected for the design of the deformable porous outer layer. Each design came in three different relative density profiles, namely maximum (MAX), functionally graded (FG), and minimum (MIN). After their compression in bone-mimicking molds with simulated acetabular defects, the space-filling behavior of the implants was evaluated using load-displacement curves, micro-CT images, and 3D reconstructions. The meta-implants with an FG diamond infill exhibited the most promising space-filling behavior. However, the required push-in forces exceed the impact forces currently applied in surgery. Future research should, therefore, focus on design optimization, to improve the space-filling behavior and to facilitate the implantation process for orthopedic surgeons.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602650

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on the efficacy of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in T1/T2-N0 oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). A systematic review of the literature on SLNB until March 2019 was conducted. The review was organized according to the PRISMA protocol, considering the following PICO (population, intervention, comparison, outcome) question: What is the sensitivity of sentinel lymph node biopsy in OSCC? 'P' was patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma T1/2-N0; 'I' was SLNB; 'C' was neck treated with elective neck dissection and haematoxylin-eosin histopathology; 'O' was sensitivity and specificity. A meta-analysis and meta-regression were performed on the selected studies. The sensitivity of SLNB was up to 88% (95% confidence interval (CI) 72-96%) and specificity was up to 99% (95% CI 96-100%). The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.99 (95% CI 0.98-1.00). In the four studies where immunohistochemistry was performed, both the sensitivity and specificity were higher than in the studies without immunohistochemistry: 93% (95% CI 88-97%) and 98% (95% CI 96-100%), respectively. In conclusion, SLNB is an effective technique for treating patients with some types of stage T1/2-N0 OSCC. Some parameters such as immunohistochemistry could determine the level of diagnostic accuracy.

7.
J Dairy Sci ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612221

RESUMO

Milkability is a trait related to the milking efficiency of an animal, and it is a component of the herd profitability. Due to its economic importance, milkability is currently included in the selection index of the Italian Simmental cattle breed with a weight of 7.5%. This lowly heritable trait is measured on a subjective scale from 1 to 3 (1 = slow, 3 = fast), and genetic evaluations are performed by pedigree-based BLUP. Genomic information is now available for some animals in the Italian Simmental population, and its inclusion in the genetic evaluation system could increase accuracy of breeding values and genetic progress for milkability. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and advantages of having a genomic evaluation for this trait in the Italian Simmental population. Phenotypes were available for 131,308 cows. A total of 9,526 animals had genotypes for 42,152 loci; among the genotyped animals, 2,455 were cows with phenotypes, and the other were their relatives. The youngest cows with both phenotypes and genotypes (n = 900) were identified as selection candidates. Variance components and heritability were estimated using pedigree information, whereas genetic and genomic evaluations were carried out using BLUP and single-step genomic BLUP (ssGBLUP), respectively. In addition, a weighted ssGBLUP was assessed using genomic regions from a genome-wide association study. Evaluation models were validated using theoretical and realized accuracies. The estimated heritability for milkability was 0.12 ± 0.01. The mean theoretical accuracies for selection candidates were 0.43 ± 0.08 (BLUP) and 0.53 ± 0.06 (ssGBLUP). The mean realized accuracies based on linear regression statistics were 0.29 (BLUP) and 0.40 (ssGBLUP). No genomic regions were significantly associated with milkability, thus no improvements in accuracy were observed when using weighted ssGBLUP. Results indicated that genomic information could improve the accuracy of breeding values and increase genetic progress for milkability in Italian Simmental.

8.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627236

RESUMO

Intravascular papillary endotelial hyperplasia is a bening vascular lesion that rarely involves the periocular region, nevertheless, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a periorbital mass. It is histopatologically characterized by intravascular fibrous papillary fronds covered by endothelial cells. Histopathological differentiation from angiosarcoma can be challenging but is very important to avoid aggressive treatments. Complete surgical excision is frequently curative. Uncompleted excision can lead to recurrences. We describe the clinical and histological findings of intravascular papillary endotelial hyperplasia in the left lower lid of a 72-year-old woman who had a painless mass since 15 years ago, that caused hypertropia of her left eye. Histopathological examination revealed intralesional calcification, which is not an usual feature in this entity. The patient underwent complete surgical resection of the mass and there was no evidence of recurrence after 5 months of follow-up after surgery.

9.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform pre-clinical testing using optical design tools to simulate the optical quality of a smart artificial iris platform encapsulated in a scleral contact lens. These tools allow us to generate aniridia eye models and evaluate different metrics of visual quality and retinal illumination based on the aperture of the artificial iris based on liquid crystals. METHOD: The OCT imaging technique was used to measure the geometry of the anterior segment in a patient with aniridia and, from these data, the eye model was generated with the Zemax optical design program and specific programs developed in Matlab. Ocular aberrations were calculated and the visual function of the anirida eye model was evaluated in three scenarios: (i) without optical correction, (ii) with correction with a commercial scleral contact lens, and (iii) with correction with an optical lens. intelligent contact based on artificial iris. RESULTS: Optical quality in patients with aniridia is limited by the magnitude of high-order aberrations. Conventional scleral contact lens design accurately corrects for blur but is unable to compensate for high-order ocular aberrations, especially spherical aberrations. The artificial iris-based smart contact lens design enables virtually all high-order aberrations to be compensated with active control of the pupillary diameter (activation of liquid crystal cells based on ambient lighting). In addition to minimizing high-order aberrations, reducing the pupil size would increase the depth of focus. CONCLUSIONS: This article demonstrates by means of optical simulations the concept of an intelligent artificial iris platform encapsulated in a scleral contact lens and its possible application in patients with aniridia. Furthermore, it allows us to anticipate possible visual results in clinical trials with healthy patients (after application of mydriatic agents) and in patients with aniridia. The results demonstrate a better visual quality and a decrease in retinal illumination.

10.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 65(1): 54-62, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196568

RESUMO

La pandemia COVID ha hecho de las consultas telemáticas una herramienta básica en la práctica diaria. El objetivo principal del estudio es valorar los resultados de la aplicación de consultas telemáticas para limitar la movilidad de los pacientes. Son objetivos operativos: proponer un plan de consultas, conocer cómo limita la asistencia a las consultas, definir qué patologías se benefician más con este plan. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se propone un esquema con la creación de consultas previas a las agendadas para valorar idoneidad y posibilidad de realizarla en acto único no presencial. RESULTADOS: Se han realizado 5.619 consultas con una falta de respuesta telefónica del 19%. El 74% de los pacientes fueron resueltos de forma virtual. Existe diferencia entre unidades, siendo más probable la respuesta telefónica para las consultas de unidad, OR = 0,60 o de traumatología general, OR = 0,67 y menos para los derivados desde urgencias. El 20% de las consultas no se acompañaban de pruebas complementarias. Las consultas de traumatología general, OR = 0,34, control postoperatorio, OR = 0,49, y unidades, OR = 0,40, cumplieron mejor este requisito. De los pacientes restantes, las consultas de traumatología general, OR = 0,50, y las derivadas a unidades, OR = 0,54 fueron las que más se resolvieron sin acudir presencialmente. CONCLUSIONES: Se han resuelto de forma no presencial el 74% de los pacientes que atendieron a la llamada telefónica. El 20% de los pacientes acuden a la visita sin pruebas complementarias. Las consultas de seguimiento de osteosíntesis y postoperatorio de cirugía artroscópica son las que más precisan de ser realizadas de forma presencial


The COVID pandemic has made telematic consultations a basic tool in daily practice. AIMS: The main objective of the study is to assess the results of the application of telematic consultations to limit the mobility of patients. The operational objectives are; to propose a consultation plan, to know how attendance limits consultations and to define which pathologies benefit the most from this plan. METHODS: A scheme is proposed with the creation of pre-scheduled clinic to assess suitability and the possibility of carrying them out in a single non face-to-face act. RESULTS: Phone call to 5,619 patients were made with a lack of response of 19%. The cases of 74% of the patients that answered were resolved virtually. There is a difference between units, obtaining a higher answering rate from patients appointed to specific clinic units, OR = 0.60, or to general trauma ones, OR = 0.67. The lowest answering rate was obtained from those derived from the emergency department. Twenty per cent of the consultations were not accompanied by complementary tests that would have favored the resolution in a single act. The general trauma consultations, OR = 0.34, postoperative control, OR = 0.49, and specific unit ones, OR = 0.40, were the ones that better met this requirement. Out of the remaining patients, the general trauma consultations, OR = 0.50, and those referred to units, OR = 0.54, were the ones that had a higher resolution rate without in- person consultation. CONCLUSIONS: The cases of 74% of the patients who answered the phone call were resolved virtually. Cases of 20% of the patients cannot be solved in a single act because they are derived without complementary tests. Osteosynthesis and postoperative arthroscopic follow-up consultations are the ones that need to be carried out in person the most


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Acesso Efetivo aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Consulta Remota/estatística & dados numéricos , Ortopedia/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Centros de Traumatologia , Laparoscopia
11.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is considered a complex plasma-circulating particle with subfractions that vary in function, size, and chemical composition. We sought to test the effects of HDL, and HDL subfractions on insulin secretion and cholesterol efflux in the ß-cell line MIN-6. METHODS: We used total HDL and HDL subfractions 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, and 3c, isolated from human plasma, to test insulin secretion under different glucose concentrations as well as insulin content and cholesterol efflux in the insulinoma MIN-6 cell line. RESULTS: Incubation of MIN-6 cells with low glucose and total HDL increased insulin release two-fold. Meanwhile, when high glucose and HDL were used, insulin release increased more than five times. HDL subfractions 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, and 3c elicited higher insulin secretion and cholesterol efflux than their respective controls, at both low and high glucose concentrations. The insulin content of the MIN-6 cells incubated with low glucose and any of the five HDL subclasses had a modest reduction compared with their controls. However, there were no statistically significant differences between each HDL subfraction on their capacity of eliciting insulin secretion, insulin content, or cholesterol efflux. CONCLUSIONS: HDL can trigger insulin secretion under low, normal, and high glucose conditions. We found that all HDL subfractions exhibit very similar capacity to increase insulin secretion and cholesterol efflux. This is the first report demonstrating that HDL subfractions act both as insulin secretagogues (under low glucose) and insulin secretion enhancers (under high glucose) in the MIN-6 cell line.

12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 182, 2021 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420090

RESUMO

Processing within the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is crucial for the patterning of appropriate behavior, and ACC dysfunction following chronic drug use is thought to play a major role in drug addiction. However, cortical pyramidal projection neurons can be subdivided into two major types (intratelencephalic (IT) and pyramidal tract (PT)), with distinct inputs and projection targets, molecular and receptor profiles, morphologies and electrophysiological properties. Yet, how each of these cell populations modulate behavior related to addiction is unknown. We demonstrate that PT neurons regulate the positive features of a drug experience whereas IT neurons regulate the negative features. These findings support a revised theory of cortical function in addiction, with distinct cells and circuits mediating reward and aversion.


Assuntos
Preparações Farmacêuticas , Células Piramidais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Piramidais/fisiologia , Recompensa , Animais , Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Cocaína , Fenômenos Eletrofisiológicos , Masculino , Tratos Piramidais/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
13.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405052

RESUMO

Soft-tissue sarcomas constitute an uncommon and heterogeneous group of tumors of mesenchymal origin. Diagnosis, treatment, and management should be performed by an expert multidisciplinary team. MRI/CT of the primary tumor and biopsy is mandatory before any treatment. Wide surgical resection with tumor-free tissue margin is the mainstay for localized disease. Radiotherapy is indicated in large, deep, high-grade tumors, or after marginal resection not suitable for re-excision. Perioperative chemotherapy should be discussed for high-risk sarcomas of the extremities and trunk-wall. In the case of oligometastatic disease, patients should be considered for local therapies. First-line treatment with anthracyclines (or in combination with ifosfamide) is the treatment of choice. Other drugs have shown activity in second-line therapy and in specific histological subtypes but options are limited and thus, a clinical trial should always be discussed.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389687

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14) for children attending public educational institutions in Floridablanca (Colombia). METHODS: An evaluation study of diagnostic technology was conducted. The questionnaire was completed by 500 students aged 11-14 years who were selected by simple random sampling. The test-retest reproducibility was evaluated in 36 students chosen at random from one of the schools; the questionnaire was completed a second time by these students, with an interval of two weeks between administrations. Internal consistency was estimated using the Cronbach's alpha coefficient, and test-retest reproducibility was determined with the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The Rasch Rating Scale Model was used to perform the validation; the structure of the categories, the quality of the items, the invariance and the one-dimensionality were analyzed; invariance was confirmed using differential item functioning (DIF). Informed consent was obtained from the parents or guardians, and assent was obtained from the minors. RESULTS: The mean age was 12.7 ± 1.1 years, and 210 (42.0%) participants were female. The Cronbach's alpha and ICC values were 0.91 and 0.63, respectively. The 37 items fit the Rasch model, but a uniform DIF was observed for an item that was eliminated. The questionnaire was not one-dimensional, and the proportion of variance explained by the model was poor (26.3%). CONCLUSION: The CPQ11-14 showed unsatisfactory test-retest reproducibility and excellent internal consistency; no unidimensionality was observed, but the items fit the Rasch model.

16.
Clin Epigenetics ; 13(1): 9, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epigenetic therapy, using hypomethylating agents (HMA), is known to be effective in the treatment of high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who are not suitable for intensive chemotherapy and/or allogeneic stem cell transplantation. However, response rates to HMA are low and there is an unmet need in finding prognostic and predictive biomarkers of treatment response and overall survival. We performed global methylation analysis of 75 patients with high-risk MDS and secondary AML who were included in CETLAM SMD-09 protocol, in which patients received HMA or intensive treatment according to age, comorbidities and cytogenetic. RESULTS: Unsupervised analysis of global methylation pattern at diagnosis did not allow patients to be differentiated according to the cytological subtype, cytogenetic groups, treatment response or patient outcome. However, after a supervised analysis we found a methylation signature defined by 200 probes, which allowed differentiating between patients responding and non-responding to azacitidine (AZA) treatment and a different methylation pattern also defined by 200 probes that allowed to differentiate patients according to their survival. On studying follow-up samples, we confirmed that AZA decreases global DNA methylation, but in our cohort the degree of methylation decrease did not correlate with the type of response. The methylation signature detected at diagnosis was not useful in treated samples to distinguish patients who were going to relapse or progress. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that in a subset of specific CpGs, altered DNA methylation patterns at diagnosis may be useful as a biomarker for predicting AZA response and survival.

17.
Brain Res ; 1758: 147303, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33516813

RESUMO

Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) is the most common epilepsy induced by previous cerebral injury, and one out of three mTLE patients develops drug resistance (DR). AIM: To assess the expression of Bcl-2, Caspase-3, Caspase-9, IL1-ß, SEMA-3a, NT-3 and P-glycoprotein in the temporal cortex and their relationship with the progression of mTLE-DR clinical features in patients with mTLE-DR. METHOD: Tissue samples from 17 patients were evaluated for protein expression by Western blot and the relationships of the evaluated proteins with the clinical features of the mTLE were assessed through hierarchical cluster analysis. RESULTS: The mTLE-DR group showed significantly higher P-glycoprotein, Bcl-2 and Caspase-9 levels ***p < 0.0001, ****p < 0.0001 and ***p < 0.0002, respectively, than the autopsy control group. Four patient clusters were identified: Clusters 1 and 3 showed relationships among the age of mTLE onset, duration of mTLE-DR, average number of epileptic seizures per week, number of previous antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and increased expression of Caspase-3, Caspase-9, Neurotrophin-3 and Semaphorin-3a. Clusters 2 and 4 showed relationships among the mTLE onset age, current age, average number of epileptic seizures per week, number of previous AEDs and increased expression of IL1-ß, Bcl-2, P-glycoprotein, Caspase-3 and NT-3. CONCLUSION: The relationships among the clinical data the age of mTLE onset, DR duration, number of previous AEDs, and average number of seizures per week and the expression of proteins involved in neuronal death, neuroinflammation and aberrant connection formation, as which are biological markers in the cerebral temporal cortex, are important factors in the progression and severity of mTLE-DR and support the intrinsic severity hypothesis.

18.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459349

RESUMO

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may be classified as seropositive or seronegative according to the presence of autoantibodies. An abnormal B cell phenotype and function could be one of the main components of the immunopathology of seropositive patients; however, there is little information regarding B cell defects in these patients. This study shows a broad characterization of the B cell phenotype and function in patients with seropositive RA. We focused mainly on the evaluation of subsets, the expression of modulatory molecules of cell activation (CD22, FcÉ£RIIb and FcµR), calcium mobilization, global tyrosine phosphorylation, expression of activation markers, cytokine and immunoglobulin (Ig) production, proliferation and the in-vitro generation of plasma cells. Increased frequency of CD27- IgM- IgD- and CD21- B cells was observed in patients with seropositive RA compared with healthy donors (HD). Decreased expression of CD22 was primarily found in memory B cells of patients with RA regardless of seropositivity. B cells from seropositive patients exhibited normal proliferation, calcium mobilization kinetics and global tyrosine phosphorylation, but showed an increased frequency of CD86+ B cells compared with HD. B cells of seropositive patients secrete less interleukin-10 after in-vitro activation and showed a decreased frequency of plasma cell differentiation and IgM production compared with HD. Our data indicate that patients with seropositive RA have an increased frequency of atypical B cell populations previously associated with chronic activation and antigen exposure. This may result in the observed low responsiveness of these cells in vitro.

20.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483172

RESUMO

A 35-year-old woman arrived in the emergency department due to loss of vision in the left eye. She had a subfoveal yellowish-looking lesion that, on optical coherence tomography (OCT), corresponded to a hyper-reflective lesion from the external nuclear layer to the retinal pigment epithelium. The lesion was reabsorbed at 6 weeks, leaving a discontinuity in the photoreceptor and retinal pigment epithelium lines. The patient was diagnosed with acute retinal pigmentary epitheliitis (ARPE). ARPE is a self-limiting disease with a good prognosis. Emphasis is placed on the importance of a correct diagnosis using funduscopy, OCT, and fluorescent angiography, in order to avoid unnecessary treatments.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...