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1.
Minerva Pediatr ; 2019 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The time to perform a surgical intervention in necrotizing enterocolitis remains a challenge for the paediatric surgeon. We design a novel score system to predict infants in high risk for the development of surgical necrotizing enterocolitis. METHODS: A total of 124 consecutively patients diagnosed of NEC at the University Hospital of A Coruña, Spain were included in the study. Associations were analyzed by bivariate and multivariate analysis. We applied multivariate logistic regression modeling to identify factors that could provide accurate risk of surgical NEC. We include not only analytical and radiological parameters or physical examination, we analyze prenatal, sociodemographic, perinatal and peripartum variables that condition the presence of predispose factors which could determine the debut of this entity and in its progression. RESULTS: Patients requiring surgical treatment have presented an antecedent of respiratory distress (worsening of the ventilatory requirements) in the perinatal period, they present higher values of glycemia at diagnosis of the illness, debut with coagulopathy and have in laboratory findings marked neutrophilia. CONCLUSIONS: Our score system obtained by combining several parameters could detect infants at risk of developing severe necrotizing enterocolitis improving the morbidity and mortality associated with delay in the surgical treatment.

2.
PLoS One ; 14(7): e0219660, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318890

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There are no studies comparing synchronized and non-synchronized ventilation with bag-valve mask ventilation (BVMV) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in pediatric patients. The main aim is to compare between synchronized and non-synchronized BVMV with chest compressions (CC), and between guided and non-guided CC with a real-time feedback-device in a pediatric animal model of asphyxial cardiac arrest (CA). The secondary aim is to analyze the quality of CC during resuscitation. METHODS: 60 piglets were randomized for CPR into four groups: Group A: guided-CC and synchronized ventilation; Group B: guided-CC and non-synchronized ventilation; Group C: non-guided CC and synchronized ventilation; Group D: non-guided CC and non-synchronized ventilation. Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), hemodynamic and respiratory parameters, and quality of CC were compared between all groups. RESULTS: 60 piglets were included. Twenty-six (46.5%) achieved ROSC: A (46.7%), B (66.7%), C (26.7%) and D (33.3%). Survival rates were higher in group B than in groups A+C+D (66.7% vs 35.6%, p = 0.035). ROSC was higher with guided-CC (A+B 56.7% vs C+D 30%, p = 0.037). Piglets receiving non-synchronized ventilation did not show different rates of ROSC than synchronized ventilation (B+D 50% vs A+C 36.7%, p = 0.297). Non-synchronized groups showed lower arterial pCO2 after 3 minutes of CPR than synchronized groups: 57 vs 71 mmHg, p = 0.019. No differences were found in arterial pH and pO2, mean arterial pressure (MAP) or cerebral blood flow between groups. Chest compressions were shallower in surviving than in non-surviving piglets (4.7 vs 5.1 cm, p = 0.047). There was a negative correlation between time without CC and MAP (r = -0.35, p = 0.038). CONCLUSIONS: The group receiving non-synchronized ventilation and guided-CC obtained significantly higher ROSC rates than the other modalities of resuscitation. Guided-CC achieved higher ROSC rates than non-guided CC. Non-synchronized ventilation was associated with better ventilation parameters, with no differences in hemodynamics or cerebral flow.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The first aim of this study was to assess the implementation of a sedative and analgesic drug rotation protocol in a PICU. The second aim was to analyze the incidence of withdrawal syndrome, drug doses, and time of sedative or analgesic drug infusion in children after the implementation of the new protocol. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: PICU of a tertiary care hospital between June 2012 and June 2016. PATIENTS: All patients between 1 month and 16 years old admitted to the PICU who received continuous IV infusion of sedative or analgesic drugs for more than 4 days were included in the study. INTERVENTIONS: A sedative and analgesic drug rotation protocol was designed. The level of sedation, analgesia, and withdrawal syndrome were monitored with validated scales. The relationship between compliance with the protocol and the incidence of withdrawal syndrome was studied. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: One-hundred pediatric patients were included in the study. The protocol was followed properly in 35% of patients. Sixty-seven percent of the overall cohort presented with withdrawal syndrome. There was a lower incidence rate of withdrawal syndrome (34.3% vs 84.6%; p < 0.001), shorter PICU length of stay (median 16 vs 25 d; p = 0.003), less time of opioid infusion (median 5 vs 7 d for fentanyl; p = 0.004), benzodiazepines (median 5 vs 9 d; p = 0.001), and propofol (median 4 vs 8 d; p = 0.001) in the cohort of children in which the protocol was followed correctly. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that compliance with the drug rotation protocol in critically ill children requiring prolonged sedation may reduce the appearance of withdrawal syndrome without increasing the risk of adverse effects. Furthermore, it may reduce the time of continuous IV infusions for most sedative and analgesic drugs and the length of stay in PICU.

4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(27): 13641-13650, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209016

RESUMO

Learning to avoid aversive outcomes is an adaptive strategy to limit one's future exposure to stressful events. However, there is considerable variance in active avoidance learning across a population. The mesolimbic dopamine system contributes to behaviors elicited by aversive stimuli, although it is unclear if the heterogeneity in active avoidance learning is explained by differences in dopamine transmission. Furthermore, it is not known how dopamine signals evolve throughout active avoidance learning. To address these questions, we performed voltammetry recordings of dopamine release in the ventral medial striatum throughout training on inescapable footshock and signaled active avoidance tasks. This approach revealed differences in the pattern of dopamine signaling during the aversive cue and the safety period that corresponded to subsequent task performance. Dopamine transmission throughout the footshock bout did not predict performance but rather was modulated by the prior stress exposure. Additionally, we demonstrate that dopamine encodes a safety prediction error signal, which illustrates that ventral medial striatal dopamine release conveys a learning signal during both appetitive and aversive conditions.

5.
Rev Int Androl ; 17(2): 46-54, 2019 Apr - Jun.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to study the associations between dietary intake of trace elements and semen quality and reproductive hormones levels in young men. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study in healthy male university students (n=209) recruited in Murcia Region (Spain) between 2010 and 2011. Dietary intake of trace elements (iron, iodine and cinc) was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Semen analysis (sperm concentration, motility and morphology) was carried out according to World Health Organization guidelines. Serum concentrations of follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones and testosterone were also determined. Kruskal-Wallis and Chi-squared tests were used in bivariate analysis and multiple lineal regression was used to adjust for significant covariates. RESULTS: A statistically significant inverse association between dietary intake of iron and sperm concentration (P, trend=0.01) and the percentage of progressive motile sperm (P, trend=0.004) were observed. No other significant associations for the remaining sperm parameters or reproductive hormones were detected. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that high levels of iron may be associated with reduced sperm concentration and motility in young men. However, further studies are needed, particularly in other male populations consulting for infertility problems.

6.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 57-67, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30936712

RESUMO

Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with no evidence of relevant stenosis of the coronary artery, known as myocardial infarction (MI) with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA), has a prevalence of up to 14%. The various causes of MINOCA lead to damage of the myocardium, and there are marked differences in diagnoses, prognoses, and treatments. Although the number of patients affected is considerable owing to the high prevalence of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the causes of MINOCA have received little attention with the result that some patients may not receive appropriate treatment. Awareness of this disease among clinicians has started only to improve since the beginning of the current century. The aim of this study was to develop a score that enables patients with MINOCA to be distinguished from patients with MI with coronary artery disease (MI-CAD) and thus to facilitate appropriate diagnosis and therapy. Patients and methods: A multicenter observational cohort study was designed. All patients aged ≥18 years from the ARIAM-SEMICYUC (Analysis of Delay in AMI-Spanish Society of Intensive Care Medicine and Coronary Unit) registry, diagnosed with AMI, and admitted to critical care units or coronary care units (CCUs) were included. Patients were classified into two groups: MINOCA, comprising patients with no significant lesions on angiography, and MI-CAD, comprising patients with lesions of the coronary artery tree. Results: A score based on standard variables to assess the probability of MINOCA on admission was designed, showing a maximum value corresponding to a 40% probability of MINOCA. The discriminative power of the model was 0.756 (P-value for the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was >0.05). At 30-day follow-up, the mortality rate was higher for MI-CAD patients. Conclusion: Patients with MINOCA constitute a population that differs from other patients with AMI. Their differential characteristics require a certain diagnostic effort to align therapy with the disease causing the ischemic event. This score could prove useful in establishing additional diagnostic procedures.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estenose Coronária/sangue , Estenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia , Troponina/sangue , Regulação para Cima
7.
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc ; 56(6): 525-532, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30889340

RESUMO

Background: Meeting the nutritional needs of pediatric patients on oncology services in low budget public hospitals of Mexico is a continuous challenge, due to its financial resources. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a nutritional strategy for children and adolescents with cancer in a public hospital of Mexico, based on a complacency diet. Methods: Across-sectional study included 58 children and adolescents (1-18 years old). An assessment of nutritional status was applied and a dietary diary was elaborated for 24 hours with the double weight method. Results: 43 patients (74.4%) had an adequate nutritional status. The average energy intake was 72.8% and average protein intake 168.3% of the requirements. The hospital meals accounted for 67.5% of the energy intake, 28.5% resulted from snacks and 3.9% from oral nutritional supplements or polymeric smoothies. Conclusion: The nutritional strategy based on offering a menu at the request supported by smoothies or oral nutritional supplements and the permission to introduce snacks to the hospital offers convenience and flexibility for meal times and favors the energy intake in hospitalized pediatric oncology patients.

8.
PLoS One ; 14(1): e0211106, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30682109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lack of social awareness is a major barrier to the development of palliative care. Mass media influences public opinion, and frequently deal with palliative care contributing to its image and public understanding. AIM: To analyse how palliative care is portrayed in Spanish newspapers, as well as the contribution made by the press to its social representation. DESIGN: Based on criteria of scope and editorial plurality, four print newspapers were selected. Using the newspaper archive MyNews (www.mynews.es), articles published between 2009 and 2014 containing the words "palliative care" or "palliative medicine" were identified. Sociological discourse analysis was performed on the identified texts on two levels: a) contextual analysis, focusing on the message as a statement; b) interpretative analysis, considering the discourse as a social product. RESULTS: We examined 262 articles. Politician and healthcare professionals were the main representatives transmitting messages on palliative care. The discourses identified were characterised by: strong ideological and moral content focusing on social debate, strong ties linking palliative care and death and, to a lesser degree, as a healthcare service. The messages transmitted by representatives with direct experience in palliative care (professionals, patients and families) contributed the most to building a positive image of this healthcare practice. Overall, media reflect different interests in framing public understanding about palliative care. CONCLUSION: The knowledge generated about how palliative care is reflected in the printed media may help to understand better one of the main barriers to its development not only in Spain, but also in other contexts.

10.
Stem Cell Reports ; 2018 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30416051

RESUMO

Cardiomyocytes (CMs) generated from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are under investigation for their suitability as human models in preclinical drug development. Antiarrhythmic drug development focuses on atrial biology for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Here we used recent retinoic acid-based protocols to generate atrial CMs from hiPSCs and establish right atrial engineered heart tissue (RA-EHT) as a 3D model of human atrium. EHT from standard protocol-derived hiPSC-CMs (Ctrl-EHT) and intact human muscle strips served as comparators. RA-EHT exhibited higher mRNA and protein concentrations of atrial-selective markers, faster contraction kinetics, lower force generation, shorter action potential duration, and higher repolarization fraction than Ctrl-EHTs. In addition, RA-EHTs but not Ctrl-EHTs responded to pharmacological manipulation of atrial-selective potassium currents. RA- and Ctrl-EHTs' behavior reflected differences between human atrial and ventricular muscle preparations. Taken together, RA-EHT is a model of human atrium that may be useful in preclinical drug screening.

11.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2448, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30410489

RESUMO

Dietary choline can impact systemic immunity, but it remains unclear whether this is primarily via direct impacts on immune cells or secondary effects of altered metabolic function. To determine whether increased choline concentrations (3.2, 8.2, 13.2 µM) in cell culture alter the function of bovine innate and adaptive immune cells, we isolated cells from dairy cows in early and mid-lactation as models of immuno-compromised and competent cells, respectively. Phagocytic and killing capacity of isolated neutrophils were linearly diminished with increasing doses of choline. In contrast, lymphocyte proliferation was linearly enhanced with increasing doses of choline. Furthermore, increasing doses of choline increased the mRNA abundance of genes involved in the synthesis of choline products (betaine, phosphatidylcholine, and acetylcholine) as well as muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in a quadratic and linear fashion for neutrophils and monocytes, respectively. Phagocytic and killing capacity of neutrophils and proliferation of lymphocytes were not affected by stage of lactation or its interaction with choline or LPS. In neutrophils from early lactation cows, choline linearly increased the mRNA abundance of muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic receptors, whereas choline-supplemented monocytes from mid-lactation cows linearly increased the mRNA abundance of several genes coding for choline metabolism enzymes. These data demonstrate that choline regulates the inflammatory response of immune cells and suggest that the mechanism may involve one or more of its metabolic products.

12.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2018 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251844

RESUMO

Simultaneous presence of metals and parasites in fish might lead to potential risks to human health. Parasites might influence metal accumulation and disturb detoxification in fish, thereby affecting biomarkers of fish responses as well as metal biomagnification in humans. It is, therefore, of importance to take into account parasite infection when investigating metal accumulation in fish. However, mechanisms of metal accumulation and distribution in fish-parasite systems are not integrated into current approaches. The present study proposes a new physiologically based pharmacokinetic model for mechanistic simulation of metal partitioning between intestinal parasites and their hosts. As a particular case, Ag accumulation in the system of chub Squalius cephalus and the acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus tereticollis was investigated. As a novelty, fish cardiac output and organ-specific blood flow distribution were incorporated in our model. This approach distinguishes the current model from the ones developed previously. It also facilitates model extrapolation and application to varying conditions. In general, the model explained Ag accumulation in the system well, especially in chub gill, storage (including skin, muscle, and carcass), and liver. The highest concentration of Ag was found in the liver. The accumulation of Ag in the storage, liver, and gill compartments followed a similar pattern, i.e., increasing during the exposure and decreasing during the depuration. The model also generated this observed trend. However, the model had a weaker performance for simulating Ag accumulation in the intestine and the kidney. Silver accumulation in these organs was less evident with considerable variations.

13.
Science ; 361(6400)2018 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30049852

RESUMO

Farr and Mandel reanalyze our data, finding initial mass function slopes for high-mass stars in 30 Doradus that agree with our results. However, their reanalysis appears to underpredict the observed number of massive stars. Their technique results in more precise slopes than in our work, strengthening our conclusion that there is an excess of massive stars (>30 solar masses) in 30 Doradus.


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente Extraterreno , Astros Celestes , Tempo
14.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 1259, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29997577

RESUMO

Optimal disinfection protocols are fundamental to minimize bacterial resistance to the compound applied, or cross-resistance to other antimicrobials such as antibiotics. The objective is twofold: guarantee safe levels of pathogens and minimize the excess of disinfectant after a treatment. In this work, the disinfectant dose is optimized based on a mathematical model. The model explains and predicts the interplay between disinfectant and pathogen at different initial microbial densities (inocula) and dose concentrations. The study focuses on the disinfection of Escherichia coli with benzalkonium chloride, the most common quaternary ammonium compound. Interestingly, the specific benzalkonium chloride uptake (mean uptake per cell) decreases exponentially when the inoculum concentration increases. As a consequence, the optimal disinfectant dose increases exponentially with the initial bacterial concentration.

15.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29731342

RESUMO

I present a clinical case of a 64-year-old male patient with hemochromatosis (homozygous C282Y) and crystal induced arthropathy showing the most common radiological features found in this metabolic disorder and the differences that may exist when compared to other primary degenerative processes or other inflammatory pathologies.

16.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 633, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29634041

RESUMO

[This corrects the article on p. 2626 in vol. 8, PMID: 29354110.].

17.
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc ; 56(Suppl 1): S6-S11, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29624339

RESUMO

Background: Recent studies have shown that osteocalcin (OC) is related to not only bone metabolism but also energy metabolism. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether OC was associated with metabolic factors and bone mineral density (BMD) in elderly men. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done including 122 healthy men aged 60 years or older. Serum glucose, lipids, insulin, adiponectin and OC were measured and BMD was estimated using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Results: 42.8% of men had metabolic syndrome (MetS). OC levels were not significantly different between men with and without MetS. OC concentrations were inversely associated with body mass index (BMI) (r = −0.226, p = 0.04), waist circumference (r = −0.261, p = 0.02), glucose (r = −0.245, p = 0.03), insulin (r = −0.235, p = 0.03), and HOMA-IR (r = −0.211, p = 0.04). In addition, OC levels were higher in patients with diminished BMD compared with those with normal BMD. Conclusions: OC levels correlate negatively with BMI, waist circumference, glucose, insulin and HOMA-IR in elderly men, which suggests a connection between bone and energy metabolism.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Remodelação Óssea/fisiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Absorciometria de Fóton , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteocalcina/sangue
18.
Pediatr Crit Care Med ; 19(7): e335-e341, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29557840

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effectiveness of inhaled sevoflurane in critically ill children with challenging sedation. DESIGN: Prospective case series. SETTING: Two PICUs of university hospitals in Spain. INTERVENTIONS: Prospective observational study and exploratory investigation conducted in two PICUs in Madrid, Spain, over a 6-year period. Children treated with inhaled sevoflurane due to difficult sedation were included. Sevoflurane was administered via the anesthetic conserving device (AnaConDa) connected to a Servo-I ventilator (Maquet, Solna, Sweden). A morphine infusion was added to sevoflurane for analgesia. Demographic and clinical data, oral and IV sedatives, Sedation and Analgesic Clinical scores, and Bispectral Index Score monitoring were registered. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Twenty-three patients with a median age of 6 months old were included. Fifty percentage of the patients had critical heart diseases. Sedative and analgesic drugs used before starting sevoflurane were mainly midazolam (63%) and fentanyl (53%). Six patients (32%) also received muscle relaxants. Sevoflurane was administered for a median of 5 days (interquartile range, 5.5-8.5 d). Median end-tidal sevoflurane concentration was 0.8% (interquartile range, 0.7-0.85%), achieved with an infusion rate of 7.5 mL/hr (5.7-8.6 mL/hr). After 48 hours of treatment, some sedative drugs could be removed in 18 patients (78%). Median Bispectral Index Score value prior to sevoflurane administration was 61 (interquartile range, 49-62), falling to 42 (interquartile range, 41-47; p < 0.05) after 6 hours of treatment. Six patients (26%) presented withdrawal syndrome after sevoflurane suspension, and all of them had received sevoflurane at least for 6 days. The main side effect was moderate hypotension in seven patients (30%). CONCLUSIONS: Inhaled sevoflurane appeared to be an effective sedative agent in critically ill children and can be useful in those patients on mechanical ventilation difficult to sedate with conventional drugs. It can be administered easily in the PICU with conventional ventilators using the AnaConDa system. Withdrawal syndrome may occur with prolonged treatment.

19.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 221(3): 531-540, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29449081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Benzophenone (BP)-type ultraviolet (UV) light filters are chemicals frequently added to personal care products, insect repellents, sunscreens, and beverage and food packaging to diminish the harmful effects of UV sunlight on human skin or foodstuffs. BP-type UV filters have shown negative effects on male reproduction function in in vitro and animal models, but human epidemiologic studies are limited. The goal of this study was to examine associations between urinary concentrations of BP-type UV filters and semen quality and reproductive hormone levels. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with 215 young university students (18-23 years old) recruited between 2010 and 2011 in Southern Spain (Murcia Region). All men provided a urine, blood and semen sample on a single day. Urinary concentrations of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP-1); 2,2',4,4'-tetrahydroxybenzophenone (BP-2); 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (BP-3); 2,2'-dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (BP-8) and 4-hydroxybenzophenone (4OH-BP) were measured by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry detection. Semen quality was evaluated by measuring volume, sperm counts, motility and morphology. Serum samples were analyzed for reproductive hormones, including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone (T), inhibin B and estradiol (E2). Associations between urinary concentrations of BP-type UV filters and semen quality parameters and reproductive hormone levels were examined using linear regression, adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Ninety-seven percent of the men had detectable urinary concentrations of at least one of the five BP-type UV filters quantified. After adjustment for important covariates (body mass index, smoking status and time of blood sample collection), there was a significant positive association between urinary BP-1 and BP-3 concentrations and serum FSH levels (ß = 0.08, 95%CI: 0.009; 0.15 and ß = 0.04, 95%CI: 0.0002; 0.08, respectively). Urinary BP-1 concentration was also significantly positively associated with T/E2 (ß = 0.04, 95%CI: 0.002; 0.07) and negatively with inhibin b/FSH (ß = -0.11, 95%CI: -0.21; -0.006) ratio. No significant associations were found between other urinary BP-type UV filters and other reproductive hormone levels or between any semen parameters and any of the urinary BP-type UV filters quantified. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that, in young men, urinary BP-type UV filters may be associated with a modest alteration of some reproductive hormones, but the effects we report on reproductive function are likely to be small, and of unclear clinical significance. Further research is needed to replicate these findings in other male populations.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 621: 201-209, 2018 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29179076

RESUMO

Parabens are a group of alkyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid that are commonly added to personal care products, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and beverage and food processing as antimicrobial preservatives. Parabens have been reported to show estrogenic effects and affect male reproduction function in animal models, but human epidemiologic studies are still scarce. The objective of this study was to examine associations between urinary concentrations of parabens and semen quality and reproductive hormone levels. This was a cross-sectional study with 215 young university students (18-23years old) recruited between 2010 and 2011 in Southern Spain (Murcia Region). All men provided a urine, blood and semen sample on a single day. Urinary paraben concentrations (methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben and butylparaben) were measured by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry detection. Semen quality was evaluated by measuring volume, sperm concentration, total sperm count (TSC), motility and morphology following WHO guidelines. Serum samples were analyzed for reproductive hormones, including follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, testosterone, inhibin B and estradiol using immunoassays. Associations between urinary concentrations of parabens and semen quality parameters and reproductive hormone levels were examined using linear regression, adjusting for potential covariates. Ninety-four percent of the men had detectable urinary concentrations of parabens. After taking into account important covariates, urinary concentrations of parabens or their molar sum were not significantly associated with any semen parameters or any of the reproductive hormone levels. Relative to men in the lowest quartile of sum of urinary paraben concentrations, the adjusted difference (95% CI) of TSC (millions) for men in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th quartiles were 4.1% (-37.1;45.3), -1.6% (-41.9;38.8), and -9.8% (-52.5;32.8), respectively (P-trend=0.55). Our results suggest that, in young men, urinary parabens may not adversely impact reproductive function, but further research is warranted to confirm these findings in other male populations.


Assuntos
Parabenos/análise , Análise do Sêmen , Urina/química , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Adulto Jovem
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