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1.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872620907539, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Undetectable high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) in a single determination upon admission may rule out acute coronary syndrome. We investigated undetectable hs-cTnT (

2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(4): e014254, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067585

RESUMO

Background Intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) improves symptoms, functional capacity, and quality of life in heart failure and iron deficiency. The mechanisms underlying these effects are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to examine changes in myocardial iron content after FCM administration in patients with heart failure and iron deficiency using cardiac magnetic resonance. Methods and Results Fifty-three stable heart failure and iron deficiency patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive intravenous FCM or placebo in a multicenter, double-blind study. T2* and T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance sequences, noninvasive surrogates of intramyocardial iron, were evaluated before and 7 and 30 days after randomization using linear mixed regression analysis. Results are presented as least-square means with 95% CI. The primary end point was the change in T2* and T1 mapping at 7 and 30 days. Median age was 73 (65-78) years, with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, ferritin, and transferrin saturation medians of 1690 pg/mL (1010-2828), 63 ng/mL (22-114), and 15.7% (11.0-19.2), respectively. Baseline T2* and T1 mapping values did not significantly differ across treatment arms. On day 7, both T2* and T1 mapping (ms) were significantly lower in the FCM arm (36.6 [34.6-38.7] versus 40 [38-42.1], P=0.025; 1061 [1051-1072] versus 1085 [1074-1095], P=0.001, respectively). A similar reduction was found at 30 days for T2* (36.3 [34.1-38.5] versus 41.1 [38.9-43.4], P=0.003), but not for T1 mapping (1075 [1065-1085] versus 1079 [1069-1089], P=0.577). Conclusions In patients with heart failure and iron deficiency, FCM administration was associated with changes in the T2* and T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance sequences, indicative of myocardial iron repletion. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03398681.

3.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959430

RESUMO

Low lymphocyte count, as a marker of inflammation and immunosuppression, may be useful for identifying frail patients. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the association between low-relative lymphocyte count (Lymph%) and frailty status in patients >65 years old with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and whether Lymph% is associated with morbimortality beyond standard prognosticators and frailty. In this prospective observational study, we included 488 hospital survivors of an episode of an ACS >65 years old. Total and differential white blood cells and frailty status were assessed at discharge. Frailty was evaluated using the Fried score at discharge and defined as Fried≥3. The independent association between Lymph% and Fried≥3 was evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. The associations between Lymph% with long-term all-cause mortality and recurrent admission were evaluated with Cox regression and shared frailty regression, respectively. The mean age of the sample was 78 ± 7 years and 41% were females. The median (interquartile range) of the Lymph% was 21% (15 to 27) and 41% showed Fried≥3. In multivariate analysis, Lymph% was inversely related to the odds of frailty with an exponential increase risk from values below 15% (p = 0.001). Likewise, Lymph% was inverse and independently associated with a higher risk of long-term mortality (p = 0.011), recurrent all-cause (p = 0.020), and cardiovascular readmissions (p = 0.024). In conclusion, in patients >65 years with a recent ACS, low Lymph% evaluated at discharge is associated with a higher risk of frailty. Low Lymph% was also associated with a higher risk of long-term mortality and recurrent admissions beyond standard prognosticators and Fried score.

5.
Am J Med ; 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal diuretic treatment strategy for patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction remains unclear. Plasma carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) is a surrogate of fluid overload and a potentially valuable tool for guiding decongestion therapy. The aim of this study was to determine if a CA125-guided diuretic strategy is superior to usual care in terms of short-term renal function in patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction at presentation. METHODS: This multicenter, open-label study randomized 160 patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction into 2 groups (1:1). Loop diuretics doses were established according to CA125 levels in the CA125-guided group (n = 79) and in clinical evaluation in the usual-care group (n = 81). Changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 72 and 24 hours were the co-primary endpoints, respectively. RESULTS: The mean age was 78 ± 8 years, the median amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide was 7765 pg/mL, and the mean eGFR was 33.7 ± 11.3 mL/min/1.73m2. Over 72 hours, the CA125-guided group received higher furosemide equivalent dose compared to usual care (P = 0.011), which translated into higher urine volume (P = 0.042). Moreover, patients in the active arm with CA125 >35 U/mL received the highest furosemide equivalent dose (P <0.001) and had higher diuresis (P = 0.013). At 72 hours, eGFR (mL/min/1.73m2) significantly improved in the CA125-guided group (37.5 vs 34.8, P = 0.036), with no significant changes at 24 hours (35.8 vs 39.5, P = 0.391). CONCLUSION: A CA125-guided diuretic strategy significantly improved eGFR and other renal function parameters at 72 hours in patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction.

6.
Int J Cardiol ; 290: 15-20, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is a marker of cell senescence. Age is a well-known determinant of GDF-15 levels, yet no study has analyzed the relationship between geriatric conditions and GDF-15. We hypothesize that geriatric conditions reflecting biological age might be stronger determinants of GDF-15 than chronological age in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: A total of 208 patients (mean age = 78.3 ±â€¯7.0 years) were included. Prior to discharge, a thorough geriatric assessment was performed and GDF-15 measured. Predictors of GDF-15 (transformed by its natural logarithm) were determined with linear regression. Furthermore, Cox regression was used for the analysis of all-cause mortality. The median follow-up was 728 days. RESULTS: Median GDF-15 concentration was 2432 pg/ml. In multivariate analysis, frailty (Fried score, p = 0.001), and comorbidity (Charlson index, p = 0.003) were independent determinants of lnGDF-15 while age was not significant (p = 0.17). Other covariates included in the model were male gender (p = 0.017), diabetes (p = 0.169), Killip class ≥2 (p = 0.046) and glomerular filtration rate (p = 0.001). The Fried score and Charlson index provided significant incremental value in the R2 model (0.362 vs 0.447; p = 0.0001). A total of 66 (32%) patients died. LnGDF-15 was a significant mortality predictor (HR = 1.82, 95% CI 1.12-2.94, p = 0.015) along with the Fried score (p = 0.013) and the Charlson index (p = 0.030). CONCLUSIONS: Geriatric conditions are strong determinants of GDF-15 levels on top of age in acute coronary syndromes. Furthermore, GDF-15 was associated with mortality independently of geriatric status. Geriatric assessment and GDF-15 are complementary tools.

7.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(4): 317-323, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-4282

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: En el infarto agudo de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST, el ADN libre circulante podría originarse de los leucocitos activados en la lesión coronaria. El objetivo fue investigar la relación entre el ADN libre y la reperfusión coronaria. Métodos: Se incluyó a 116 pacientes, tratados con angioplastia primaria y tromboaspiración. Se cuantificó el ADN libre coronario (durante la aspiración) y periférico (al final del procedimiento), así como la troponina T ultrasensible y la mieloperoxidasa. El objetivo primario fue la no resolución del segmento ST (RST) (≥ 70%) y el secundario la ausencia de flujo Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 3 (TIMI 3) final. Resultados: Se obtuvo RST en 51 (44%) pacientes y flujo TIMI 3 en 97 (84%). Los pacientes sin RST y flujo TIMI 3 tuvieron un menor gradiente ADN libre periférico-coronario (p = 0,02 y p = 0,04, respectivamente). Un gradiente pequeño de ADN libre (< 1,82 ng/ml) se asoció a una mayor frecuencia de no RST (65 frente al 30%; p = 0,001) y de falta de flujo TIMI 3 (21 frente al 3%; p = 0,05. Tras el ajuste multivariable, un gradiente de ADN libre pequeño fue predictivo de no RST (OR = 4,50; IC95%, 1,60-12,62; p = 0,004), en tanto que hubo una tendencia no significativa para el flujo TIMI 3 (p = 0,14). El ADN libre no se correlacionó con la troponina o la mieloperoxidasa. Conclusiones: Un gradiente pequeño de ADN libre periférico-coronario, como expresión de una alta carga de ADN libre coronario, se asocia con no RST en el infarto agudo de miocardio. El ADN libre coronario podría reflejar la activación de los neutrófilos. La potencial contribución de este fenómeno al fracaso de la tromboaspiración requiere nuevos estudios


Introduction and objectives: Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction might originate from hyperactivated leukocytes at the coronary lesion. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between cfDNA and coronary reperfusion. Methods: We studied 116 patients treated with primary angioplasty using thrombus aspiration. Coronary (during aspiration) and peripheral (at the end of the procedure) blood samples were drawn for cfDNA, as well as high-sensitivity troponin T and myeloperoxidase quantification. The primary endpoint was no ST-segment resolution (STR) (≥ 70%) and the secondary endpoint was lack of final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow 3 (TIMI 3). Results: ST-segment resolution was achieved in 51 (44%) patients and TIMI 3 flow in 97 (84%). Patients without STR and TIMI 3 flow had a smaller peripheral-coronary cfDNA gradient (P = .02 and P = .04 respectively). A small cfDNA gradient (< 1.82 ng/mL) was associated with a higher rate of no STR (65% vs 30%; P = .001) and lack of TIMI 3 flow (21% vs 3%; P = .05). After multivariable adjustment, the small cfDNA gradient was predictive of no STR (OR, 4.50; 95%CI, 1.60-12.62; P = .004), while there was a nonsignificant trend for final TIMI 3 flow (P = .14). Cell-free DNA levels did not correlate with troponin T or myeloperoxidase. Conclusions: A small peripheral-coronary cfDNA gradient, as an expression of high coronary cfDNA burden, is associated with no STR in acute myocardial infarction. Intracoronary cfDNA might reflect neutrophil activation. Whether this phenomenon contributes to thrombus aspiration failure requires further study

8.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 16(2): 114-120, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30923542

RESUMO

Elderly population constitutes an increasingly larger proportion of patients admitted for acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The optimal management of ACS in these patients is still a challenge due to their clinical peculiarities and the paucity of specific data, and they have been traditionally managed more conservatively mainly based on subjective criteria. In ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction urgent reperfusion is the standard of care and there is no upper age limit. In non-ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction evidence is controversial, incomplete and mainly focused on chronological age. While a strict conservative strategy should be avoided, routine invasive strategy may reduce the occurrence of myocardial infarction and need for revascularization at follow-up with no established benefit in terms of mortality. Clinical characteristics associated with aging, such as comorbidities and frailty, further discriminate patient's risk beyond age. Evidence is scarce, but it suggests that these features may modulate the benefit of invasive strategy in this population. Ongoing trials should clarify the optimal management of ACS based on these parameters.

9.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(12): 1117-1122, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30878362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTO) usually involves multiple overlapping stents implantation to cover long coronary segments. A higher rate of restenosis has been described with stent overlapping. Recently, new long tapered stents emerged as a potential tool for treating long coronary lesions. Feasibility of using these new devices for the CTO PCI has not been described. The aim of this work was to describe our initial experience with 50 and 60 mm-long tapered sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in CTO PCI. METHODS: We included 54 consecutive patients who underwent a CTO PCI and in whom an attempt to implant a 50 or 60 mm-long tapered SES was performed. Baseline clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics were recorded. RESULTS: The median (IQR) age was 64 (58-73) years, and 45 (83.3%) patients were male. The tapered SES 50 and 60 mm-long was successfully implanted in 51 (94.4%) patients. In three patients, a 60 mm-long stent could not be implanted, and two or three overlapped shorter drug-eluting stents were deployed instead. An average of 1.4 ±â€¯0.6 stents per patient was implanted. A single stent was deployed in 32 (59.3%) patients. During a median follow-up of 330 (149-551) days, repeat PCI in the target vessel was performed in two patients. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the new BioMime Morph™ tapered SES for the treatment of CTO appears to be feasible in a high proportion of procedures. Further studies confirming the feasibility of this approach and its potential clinical advantages are needed.

10.
Eur J Intern Med ; 62: 48-53, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Charlson's is the most used comorbidity index. It comprises 19 comorbidities, some of which are infrequent in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), while some others are manifestations of cardiac disease rather than comorbidities. Our goal was to simplify comorbidity assessment in elderly non-ST-segment elevation ACS patients. METHODS: The study group consisted of 1 training (n = 920, 76 ±â€¯7 years) and 1 testing (n = 532; 84 ±â€¯4 years) cohorts. The end-point was all-cause mortality at 1-year follow-up. Comorbidities were assessed selecting those medical disorders other than cardiac disease that were independently associated with mortality by multivariable analysis. RESULTS: A total of 130 (14%) patients died in the training cohort. Six comorbidities were predictive: renal failure, anemia, diabetes, peripheral artery disease, cerebrovascular disease and chronic lung disease. The increase in the number of comorbidities yielded a gradient of risk on top of well-known clinical predictors: ≥3 comorbidities (27% mortality, HR = 1.90, 95% CI 1.20-3.03, p = .006); 2 comorbidities (16% mortality, HR = 1.29, 95% CI 0.81-2.04, p = .30); and 0-1 comorbidities (7.6% mortality, reference category). The discrimination accuracy (C-statistic = 0.80) and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow test, p = .20) of the predictive model using the 6 comorbidities was comparable to the predictive model using the Charlson index (C-statistic = 0.80; Hosmer-Lemeshow test, p = .70). Similar results were reproduced in the testing cohort (≥3 comorbidities: 24% mortality, HR = 2.37, 95% CI 1.25-4.49, p = .008; 2 comorbidities: 14% mortality, HR = 1.59, 95% CI 0.82-3.07, p = .20; 0-1 comorbidities: 7.5% reference category). CONCLUSION: A simplified comorbidity assessment comprising 6 comorbidities provides useful risk stratification in elderly patients with ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Comorbidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) ; 72(4): 317-323, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29655768

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction might originate from hyperactivated leukocytes at the coronary lesion. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between cfDNA and coronary reperfusion. METHODS: We studied 116 patients treated with primary angioplasty using thrombus aspiration. Coronary (during aspiration) and peripheral (at the end of the procedure) blood samples were drawn for cfDNA, as well as high-sensitivity troponin T and myeloperoxidase quantification. The primary endpoint was no ST-segment resolution (STR) (≥ 70%) and the secondary endpoint was lack of final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow 3 (TIMI 3). RESULTS: ST-segment resolution was achieved in 51 (44%) patients and TIMI 3 flow in 97 (84%). Patients without STR and TIMI 3 flow had a smaller peripheral-coronary cfDNA gradient (P = .02 and P = .04 respectively). A small cfDNA gradient (< 1.82 ng/mL) was associated with a higher rate of no STR (65% vs 30%; P = .001) and lack of TIMI 3 flow (21% vs 3%; P = .05). After multivariable adjustment, the small cfDNA gradient was predictive of no STR (OR, 4.50; 95%CI, 1.60-12.62; P = .004), while there was a nonsignificant trend for final TIMI 3 flow (P = .14). Cell-free DNA levels did not correlate with troponin T or myeloperoxidase. CONCLUSIONS: A small peripheral-coronary cfDNA gradient, as an expression of high coronary cfDNA burden, is associated with no STR in acute myocardial infarction. Intracoronary cfDNA might reflect neutrophil activation. Whether this phenomenon contributes to thrombus aspiration failure requires further study.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/metabolismo , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos/fisiologia , Ativação Linfocitária/fisiologia , Masculino , Microvasos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reperfusão Miocárdica/efeitos adversos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Resultado do Tratamento , Troponina T/metabolismo
13.
Biomark Med ; 12(9): 987-999, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043644

RESUMO

AIM: We evaluated the relationship between iron deficiency (ID) and long-term mortality risk in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we included 252 patients older than 65 years with ACS. Transferrin saturation (TSAT) and ferritin were collected before discharge. RESULTS: Mean age, hemoglobin and GRACE score were 78 ± 7 years, 12.4 ± 1.8 g/dl and 138.8 ± 25.3, respectively, 112(44.4%) patients were women, and 151(59.9%) presented ID. During the follow-up, 121 (48%) patients died. Mortality rates among TSAT quartiles were: 2.38, 1.60, 0.90 and 0.95 × 10 person-years for Q1TSAT to Q4TSAT, respectively (p < 0.001) and did not differ across ferritin quartiles (p = 0.601), whereas ID definition was borderline associated (p = 0.060). Adjusted TSAT levels remained inverse, nonlinearly associated with long-term mortality risk (p < 0.001), with an exponential increased-risk from values about 20% and below. CONCLUSION: Lower TSAT levels were independently associated with increased mortality risk in these patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Ferritinas/sangue , Ferro/deficiência , Transferrina/metabolismo , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Clin Cardiol ; 41(6): 729-735, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29607528

RESUMO

Treatment with intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) has been shown to improve symptoms, functional capacity, and quality of life in patients with heart failure and iron deficiency. However, the underlying mechanisms for these beneficial effects remain undetermined. The aim of this study is to quantify cardiac magnetic resonance changes in myocardial iron content after administration of intravenous FCM in patients with heart failure and iron deficiency and contrast them with parameters of heart failure severity. This is a multicenter, double-blind, randomized study. Fifty patients with stable symptomatic heart failure, left ventricular ejection fraction <50%, and iron deficiency will be randomly assigned 1:1 to receive intravenous FCM or placebo. Intramyocardial iron will be evaluated by T2* and T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance sequences before and at 7 and 30 days after FCM. After 30 days, patients assigned to placebo will receive intravenous FCM in case of persistent iron deficiency. The main endpoint will be changes from baseline in myocardial iron content at 7 and 30 days. Secondary endpoints will include the correlation of these changes with left ventricular ejection fraction, functional capacity, quality of life, and cardiac biomarkers. The results of this study will add important knowledge about the effects of intravenous FCM on myocardial tissue and cardiac function. We hypothesize that short-term (7 and 30 days) myocardial iron content changes after intravenous FCM, evaluated by cardiac magnetic resonance, will correlate with simultaneous changes in parameters of heart failure severity. The study is registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03398681).


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Férricos/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Hematínicos/administração & dosagem , Maltose/análogos & derivados , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Idoso , Anemia Ferropriva/sangue , Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Anemia Ferropriva/fisiopatologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Compostos Férricos/efeitos adversos , Compostos Férricos/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hematínicos/efeitos adversos , Hematínicos/metabolismo , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Maltose/administração & dosagem , Maltose/efeitos adversos , Maltose/metabolismo , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Projetos de Pesquisa , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espanha , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
17.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 70(12): 1067-1073, dic. 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-169305

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: El tratamiento óptimo de pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA) y síndrome cardiorrenal tipo 1 (SCR-1) no está bien definido. La hipoperfusión arterial y la congestión venosa tienen un papel fundamental en la fisiopatología del SCR-1. El antígeno carbohidrato 125 (CA125) ha emergido como marcador indirecto de sobrecarga de volumen en la ICA. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la utilidad del CA125 para el ajuste del tratamiento diurético de pacientes con SCR-1. Métodos: Ensayo clínico multicéntrico, abierto y paralelo, que incluye a pacientes con ICA y creatinina ≥ 1,4 mg/dl al ingreso, aleatorizados a: a) estrategia convencional: titulación basada en la evaluación clínica y bioquímica habitual, o b) estrategia basada en CA125: dosis altas de diuréticos si CA125 > 35 U/ml y bajas en caso contrario. El objetivo principal es el cambio en la función renal a las 24 y las 72 h tras el comienzo del tratamiento. Como objetivos secundarios: a) cambios clínicos y bioquímicos a las 24 y las 72 h, y b) cambios en la función renal y eventos clínicos mayores a 30 días. Resultados: Los resultados de este estudio aportarán datos relevantes sobre la utilidad del CA125 para guiar el tratamiento diurético en el SCR-1. Además, permitirá ampliar el conocimiento de la fisiopatología de esta compleja entidad clínica. Conclusiones: La hipótesis del presente estudio es que las concentraciones de CA125 aumentadas pueden identificar a una población de pacientes con SCR-1 para quienes una estrategia diurética más intensa puede ser beneficiosa. Por el contrario, las concentraciones bajas de esta glucoproteína seleccionarían a los pacientes para los que serían perjudiciales las dosis altas de diuréticos (AU)


Introduction and objectives: The optimal treatment of patients with acute heart failure (AHF) and cardiorenal syndrome type 1 (CRS-1) is far from being well-defined. Arterial hypoperfusion in concert with venous congestion plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of CRS-I. Plasma carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) has emerged as a surrogate of fluid overload in AHF. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of CA125 for tailoring the intensity of diuretic therapy in patients with CRS-1. Methods: Multicenter, open-label, parallel clinical trial, in which patients with AHF and serum creatinine ≥ 1.4 mg/dL on admission will be randomized to: a) standard diuretic strategy: titration-based on conventional clinical and biochemical evaluation, or b) diuretic strategy based on CA125: high dose if CA125 > 35 U/mL, and low doses otherwise. The main endpoint will be renal function changes at 24 and 72 hours after therapy initiation. Secondary endpoints will include: a) clinical and biochemical changes at 24 and 72 hours, and b) renal function changes and major clinical events at 30 days. Results: The results of this study will add important knowledge on the usefulness of CA125 for guiding diuretic treatment in CRS-1. In addition, it will pave the way toward a better knowledge of the pathophysiology of this challenging situation. Conclusions: We hypothesize that higher levels of CA125 will identify a patient population with CRS-1 who could benefit from the use of a more intense diuretic strategy. Conversely, low levels of this glycoprotein could select those patients who would be harmed by high diuretic doses (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Nefropatias/complicações , Biomarcadores , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Análise Estatística
18.
Eur J Intern Med ; 42: 61-66, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28400077

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In patients admitted for acute heart failure (AHF), optimal length of stay (LOS) remains controversial. Longer hospitalizations are associated with worse prognosis, but little is known about short hospitalizations. The aim of this work was to evaluate the relationship between LOS and the risk of short-term readmission in patients discharged after a hospitalization for AHF. METHODS: We included 2110 consecutive patients. The independent associations between LOS and unplanned 10, 15 and 30-day readmissions were evaluated by Cox regression analysis adjusted for competing events. LOS was categorized as LOS1: ≤4days, LOS2: 5-7days, LOS3: 8-10days, and LOS4: >10days. RESULTS: The mean age was 73±11years and 52.6% exhibited left ventricle ejection fraction≥50%. The median (IQR) LOS was 7 (5-11) days. At 10, 15 and 30-day follow-up, 130 (6.2%), 181 (8.6%), and 282 (13.4%) unplanned readmissions were registered. Rates of 10 and 15-day readmission among LOS categories showed a J-shaped pattern with lower rates for those in LOS2 and higher at the both extremes (p=0.001). At 30-day, only longer stays showed higher rates of readmission (p=0.002). In the multivariate analysis, the U-shaped curve remained significant for 10 and 15-day readmissions (p<0.05). Compared to LOS2, LOS1, LOS3 and LOS4 showed about two-fold increased risk. At 30-day only longer stays showed a borderline and modest increase of risk. CONCLUSIONS: Shorter and longer stays are associated with the risk of very early readmissions after an episode of AHF. These associations are marginal for 30-day readmissions.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda
19.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 92(6): 934-939, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28389067

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of geriatric conditions beyond age after acute coronary syndrome. This was a prospective cohort design including 342 patients (from October 1, 2010, to February 1, 2012) hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome, older than 65 years, in whom 5 geriatric conditions were evaluated at discharge: frailty (Fried and Green scales), comorbidity (Charlson and simple comorbidity indexes), cognitive impairment (Pfeiffer test), physical disability (Barthel index), and instrumental disability (Lawton-Brody scale). The primary end point was all-cause mortality. The median follow-up for the entire population was 4.7 years (range, 3-2178 days). A total of 156 patients (46%) died. Among the geriatric conditions, frailty (Green score, per point; hazard ratio, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.02-1.20; P=.01) and comorbidity (Charlson index, per point; hazard ratio, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.0-1.40; P=.05) were the independent predictors. The introduction of age in a basic model using well-established prognostic clinical variables resulted in an increase in discrimination accuracy (C-statistic=.716-.744; P=.05), though the addition of frailty and comorbidity provided a nonsignificant further increase (C-statistic=.759; P=.36). Likewise, the addition of age to the clinical model led to a significant risk reclassification (continuous net reclassification improvement, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.21-0.67; and integrated discrimination improvement, 0.04; 95% CI, 0.01-0.09). However, the addition of frailty and comorbidity provided a further significant risk reclassification in comparison to the clinical model with age (continuous net reclassification improvement, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.16-0.65; and integrated discrimination improvement, 0.04; 95% CI, 0.01-0.10). In conclusion, frailty and comorbidity are mortality predictors that significantly reclassify risk beyond age after acute coronary syndrome.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Atividades Cotidianas , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva , Comorbidade/tendências , Pessoas com Deficiência , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 70(4): 239-246, abr. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-161485

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Las insuficiencias cardiacas con función sistólica conservada y con función sistólica reducida tienen en común el alto riesgo de mortalidad. Sin embargo, no se conocen bien las diferencias entre ambas por lo que respecta a la carga de reingresos hospitalarios con el correr del tiempo. Métodos: Se estudió prospectivamente a una cohorte de 2.013 pacientes consecutivos dados de alta tras una hospitalización por insuficiencia cardiaca aguda. De ellos, 1.082 (53,7%) tenían insuficiencia cardiaca con función sistólica conservada y 931 (46,2%), insuficiencia cardiaca con función sistólica reducida. Se utilizaron análisis de regresión de Cox y de regresión binomial negativa para evaluar los riesgos de muerte y rehospitalizaciones. Resultados: Tras una mediana de seguimiento de 2,36 [intervalo intercuartílico, 0,96-4,65] años, 1.018 pacientes (50,6%) habían fallecido, y se habían registrado 3.804 reingresos de 1.406 pacientes (69,8%). En general, no hubo diferencias entre la insuficiencia cardiaca con función sistólica conservada y la insuficiencia cardiaca con función sistólica reducida en cuanto a mortalidad (16,7 frente a 16,1/100 personas-año; p = 0,794) o tasas de rehospitalización por cualquier causa (62,1 frente a 62,2/100 personas-año; p = 0,944). Tras aplicar un ajuste multivariable, y en comparación con los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca y función sistólica reducida, los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca y función sistólica conservada mostraron una tasa de reingresos por cualquier causa similar (cociente de tasas de incidencia = 1,04; intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC95%), 0,93-1,17; p = 0,461). Por lo que respecta a las causas específicas, la insuficiencia cardiaca con función sistólica conservada mostró similares riesgos de rehospitalizaciones de causa cardiovascular y por descompensación de insuficiencia cardiaca (cociente de tasas de incidencia = 0,93; IC95%, 0,82-1,06; p = 0,304; y cociente de tasas de incidencia = 0,96; IC95%, 0,83-1,13; p = 0,677), pero el riesgo de reingresos de causa no cardiovascular fue superior (cociente de tasas de incidencia = 1,24; IC95%, 1,04-1,47; p = 0,012). Conclusiones: Tras un ingreso por insuficiencia cardiaca aguda, los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca y función sistólica conservada presentan una carga de rehospitalizaciones similar a la de los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca y función sistólica reducida. Sin embargo, los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca y función sistólica conservada tienen mayor probabilidad de reingresos por causas no cardiovasculares (AU)


Introduction and objectives: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and reduced ejection fraction share a high mortality risk. However, differences in the rehospitalization burden over time between these 2 entities remains unclear. Methods: We prospectively included 2013 consecutive patients discharged for acute heart failure. Of these, 1082 (53.7%) had heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and 931 (46.2%) had heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Cox and negative binomial regression methods were used to evaluate the risks of death and repeat hospitalizations, respectively. Results: At a median follow-up of 2.36 years (interquartile range: 0.96-4.65), 1018 patients (50.6%) died, and 3804 readmissions were registered in 1406 patients (69.8%). Overall, there were no differences in mortality between heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (16.7 vs 16.1 per 100 person-years, respectively; P = 0794), or all-cause repeat hospitalization rates (62.1 vs 62.2 per 100 person-years, respectively; P = .944). After multivariable adjustment, and compared with patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction exhibited a similar risk of all-cause readmissions (incidence rate ratio = 1.04; 95%CI, 0.93-1.17; P = .461). Regarding specific causes, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction showed similar risks of cardiovascular and heart failure-related rehospitalizations (incidence rate ratio = 0.93; 95%CI, 0.82-1.06; P = .304; incidence rate ratio = 0.96; 95% confidence interval, 0.83-1.13; P = .677, respectively), but had a higher risk of noncardiovascular readmissions (incidence rate ratio = 1.24; 95%CI, 1.04-1.47; P = .012). Conclusions: Following an admission for acute heart failure, patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction have a similar rehospitalization burden to those with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. However, patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction are more likely to be readmitted for noncardiovascular causes (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Recidiva , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
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