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1.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 31(1): 39-42, feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182435

RESUMO

Introducción: La intoxicación digitálica es un motivo frecuente de consulta en los servicios de urgencias hospitalarios (SUH). El objetivo de este estudio es conocer la mortalidad asociada a dicha intoxicación. Método: Estudio descriptivo y observacional de las intoxicaciones digitálicas atendidas en los SUH de 4 hospitales de Cataluña durante los años 2013-15. Se recogieron datos relativos a la intoxicación, la mortalidad inmediata y a los 30 días. Se analizó la existencia de posibles factores asociados a la mortalidad. Resultados: Se registraron 171 intoxicaciones digitálicas. Siete eran agudas (4,1%) y 164 (95,9%) crónicas. La mortalidad inmediata fue del 6,4% y a los 30 días fue del 13,4%. El análisis binario no identificó ningún factor relacionado con la mortalidad inmediata. En cuanto a la mortalidad a 30 días, los pacientes que fallecieron tenían con mayor frecuencia una intoxicación aguda (13% vs 2,7%; p= 0,05), había más intoxicaciones con intencionalidad suicida (8,7% vs 0,7%; p= 0,048), más afectación renal (21,7% vs 9,5%; p= 0,037), menos sintomatología neurológica (4,3% vs 17,8%; p= 0,005), mayor digoxinemia (4,7 mg/dl vs 3,7 mg/dl; p= 0,027) y menor puntuación en el índice de Barthel (IB) (49,1 (33,4) vs 70,3 (28,5); p= 0,006). El análisis de regresión logística identificó la digoxinemia como un factor independiente de mortalidad inmediata y la puntuación en el IB en la mortalidad a 30 días. Conclusiones: La digoxinemia se relaciona con la mortalidad inmediata y el IB se relaciona con la mortalidad a 30 días


Background and objective: Digoxin poisoning is a frequent reason for seeking emergency care. This study aimed to assess mortality related to digoxin poisoning. Methods: Descriptive observational study of digoxin poisonings attended in the emergency departments of 4 hospitals in Catalonia from 2013 through 2015. We gathered data relevant to the poisonings and recorded immediate and 30-day mortality. Factors possibly related to mortality were explored. Results: A total of 171 digoxin poisonings were attended. Seven (4.1%) were acute and 164 (95.9%) were chronic. The immediate and 30-day mortality rates were 6.4% and 13.4%, respectively. Bivariate analysis did not identify factors related to immediate mortality. However, the variables more often associated with 30-day mortality in this analysis were acute poisoning (after which 13% died vs 2.7% of those with chronic poisoning, P=.05), suicide attempts (8.7% of whom died vs 0.7%, P=.048), more compromised renal function (21.7% vs 9.5%, P=.037), fewer neurologic symptoms (4.3% vs 17.8% with more symptoms, P=.005), higher mean digoxin concentrations (4.7 mg/dL in those who died vs 3.7 mg/dL, P=.027), and a lower Barthel index (mean [SD] 49.1 [33.4] in those who died vs 70.3 [28.5]; P=.006). Logistic regression analysis identified serum digoxin concentration to be independently associated with immediate mortality. A lower Barthel index was associated with 30-day mortality. Conclusions: Immediate mortality is related to a high digoxin concentration in serum, and 30-day mortality to a low Barthel index


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Digoxina/envenenamento , Inibidores Enzimáticos/envenenamento , Envenenamento/mortalidade , Digoxina/sangue , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Inibidores Enzimáticos/sangue , Envenenamento/sangue , Envenenamento/diagnóstico , Espanha/epidemiologia
2.
Emergencias ; 31(1): 39-42, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30656872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Digoxin poisoning is a frequent reason for seeking emergency care. This study aimed to assess mortality related to digoxin poisoning. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive observational study of digoxin poisonings attended in the emergency departments of 4 hospitals in Catalonia from 2013 through 2015. We gathered data relevant to the poisonings and recorded immediate and 30-day mortality. Factors possibly related to mortality were explored. RESULTS: A total of 171 digoxin poisonings were attended. Seven (4.1%) were acute and 164 (95.9%) were chronic. The immediate and 30-day mortality rates were 6.4% and 13.4%, respectively. Bivariate analysis did not identify factors related to immediate mortality. However, the variables more often associated with 30-day mortality in this analysis were acute poisoning (after which 13% died vs 2.7% of those with chronic poisoning, P=.05), suicide attempts (8.7% of whom died vs 0.7%, P=.048), more compromised renal function (21.7% vs 9.5%, P=.037), fewer neurologic symptoms (4.3% vs 17.8% with more symptoms, P=.005), higher mean digoxin concentrations (4.7 mg/dL in those who died vs 3.7 mg/dL, P=.027), and a lower Barthel index (mean [SD] 49.1 [33.4] in those who died vs 70.3 [28.5]; P=.006). Logistic regression analysis identified serum digoxin concentration to be independently associated with immediate mortality. A lower Barthel index was associated with 30-day mortality. CONCLUSION: Immediate mortality is related to a high digoxin concentration in serum, and 30-day mortality to a low Barthel index.


Assuntos
Digoxina/envenenamento , Inibidores Enzimáticos/envenenamento , Envenenamento/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Digoxina/sangue , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Inibidores Enzimáticos/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Envenenamento/sangue , Envenenamento/diagnóstico , Espanha/epidemiologia
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