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1.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(2): 102-108, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3371

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). Methods: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. Results: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. Conclusions: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal


Objetivos: Describir la prevalencia de comorbilidades en pacientes con AR en España y discutir sobre su manejo en la clínica diaria utilizando los datos de la cohorte española del estudio internacional COMORA. Métodos: Subanálisis nacional del estudio COMORA en el que se analizaron las características demográficas y clínicas de 200 pacientes con AR (1987 ACR) y las prácticas rutinarias para el cribado y la prevención de eventos cardiovasculares (CV), gastrointestinales y pulmonares, infecciones, cáncer, osteoporosis y depresión. Resultados: Los pacientes tenían una edad media de 58 años, una duración media de la enfermedad de 10 años, un DAS28 de 3,3 y el 25% estaba en remisión (DAS28 <2,6). El 22% de los pacientes presentaba al menos una comorbilidad, principalmente depresión (27%) y obesidad (26%). El 5% tenía historia de infarto de miocardio, el 1% de ictus y el 6% de tumor sólido. Una puntuación de Framingham >20% (51%), tener hipercolesterolemia (46%), hipertensión (41%) y fumar (25%) fueron los factores de riesgo CV más comunes. En relación con el cáncer de próstata, colon y piel, solo el 9, 10 y el 18% de los pacientes, respectivamente, estaban óptimamente controlados. Las infecciones tampoco se manejaban de forma óptima, con solo el 7 y el 17% de los pacientes vacunados contra la influenza y neumococo, respectivamente, al igual que la osteoporosis, con el 47% suplementados con la vitamina D y el 56% con una densitometría realizada. Conclusiones: En España, la prevalencia de comorbilidades y factores de riesgo CV en pacientes con AR establecida y avanzada es relativamente alta, y su manejo en la clínica diaria continúa siendo subóptimo

2.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(4): 183-190, jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-175919

RESUMO

Objetivos: Desarrollar recomendaciones sobre el uso de metotrexato (MTX) en pacientes con artritis psoriásica (APs) basadas en la mejor evidencia y experiencia. Métodos: Se seleccionó un grupo de 12 expertos reumatólogos en el manejo de MTX. Los coordinadores generaron 14 preguntas sobre el uso de MTX en pacientes con APs (perfiles de indicación, eficacia y seguridad) para ser contestadas mediante una revisión sistemática de la literatura. En función de las preguntas se definieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión y las estrategias de búsqueda (para interrogar Medline, Embase y la Cochrane Library). Dos revisores seleccionaron los artículos resultantes de la búsqueda. Se generaron tablas de evidencia. Paralelamente se evaluaron abstracts de congresos de EULAR y ACR. Con toda esta evidencia los coordinadores generaron 12 recomendaciones preliminares que se evaluaron, discutieron y votaron en una reunión de grupo nominal con el resto de expertos. Para cada recomendación se estableció el nivel de evidencia, grado de recomendación, y grado de acuerdo mediante un Delphi. Se definió acuerdo si al menos el 80% de los participantes contestan sí a la recomendación (sí o no). Resultados: De las 12 recomendaciones preliminares se aceptaron 9 recomendaciones sobre el uso de MTX en la APs. Una se englobó en otra y otras 2 no se llegaron a votar porque se decidió no incluirlas, pero se comentan en el texto final. Conclusiones: Estas recomendaciones pretenden resolver algunos interrogantes clínicos habituales y facilitar la toma de decisiones con el uso de MTX en la APs


Objectives: To develop recommendations for the management of methotrexate (MTX) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA), based on best evidence and experience. Methods: A group of 12 experts on MTX use was selected. The coordinators formulated 14 questions about the use of MTX in PsA patients (indications, efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness). A systematic review was conducted to answer the questions. Using this information, inclusion and exclusion criteria were established, as were the search strategies (Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched). Two different reviewers selected the articles. Evidence tables were created. At the same time, European League Against Rheumatism and American College of Rheumatology abstracts were evaluated. Based on this evidence, the coordinators proposed 12 preliminary recommendations that the experts discussed and voted on in a nominal group meeting. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were established using the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine and the level of agreement with the Delphi technique (2 rounds). Agreement was established if at least 80% of the experts voted yes (yes/no). Results: A total of 12 preliminary recommendations on the use of MTX were proposed, 9 of which were accepted. One was included in a different recommendation and another 2 were not voted on and were thereafter clarified in the main text. Conclusions: These recommendations aim to answer frequent questions and help in decision making strategies when treating PsA patients with MTX


Assuntos
Humanos , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Padrões de Prática Médica , Segurança do Paciente , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Biológica
3.
Reumatol Clin ; 14(4): 183-190, 2018 Jul - Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29050840

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop recommendations for the management of methotrexate (MTX) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA), based on best evidence and experience. METHODS: A group of 12 experts on MTX use was selected. The coordinators formulated 14 questions about the use of MTX in PsA patients (indications, efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness). A systematic review was conducted to answer the questions. Using this information, inclusion and exclusion criteria were established, as were the search strategies (Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched). Two different reviewers selected the articles. Evidence tables were created. At the same time, European League Against Rheumatism and American College of Rheumatology abstracts were evaluated. Based on this evidence, the coordinators proposed 12 preliminary recommendations that the experts discussed and voted on in a nominal group meeting. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were established using the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine and the level of agreement with the Delphi technique (2 rounds). Agreement was established if at least 80% of the experts voted yes (yes/no). RESULTS: A total of 12 preliminary recommendations on the use of MTX were proposed, 9 of which were accepted. One was included in a different recommendation and another 2 were not voted on and were thereafter clarified in the main text. CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations aim to answer frequent questions and help in decision making strategies when treating PsA patients with MTX.

4.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28711461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). METHODS: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. RESULTS: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. CONCLUSIONS: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal.

5.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 37(3): 107-127, mar. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-121507

RESUMO

Este artículo señala las recomendaciones claves para una adecuada prescripción de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos a pacientes que presentan indicación de tratamiento con esta medicación, en base a la evidencia científica actual y teniendo en consideración aspectos de seguridad gastrointestinal y cardiovascular. Las recomendaciones se han consensuado por expertos designados por 3 sociedades científicas (Sociedad Española de Reumatología, Asociación Española de Gastroenterología y Sociedad Española de Cardiología), siguiendo una metodología Delphi a 2 rondas. Las áreas que se han tenido en cuenta engloban: eficacia, riesgo cardiovascular, riesgo gastrointestinal, riesgo hepático, riesgo renal, enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal, anemia, dolor postoperatorio y estrategias de prevención. Se propone un algoritmo de manejo de pacientes que recoge los aspectos fundamentales de las recomendaciones (AU)


This article outlines key recommendations for the appropriate prescription of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to patients with different musculoskeletal problems. These recommendations are based on current scientific evidence, and takes into consideration gastrointestinal and cardiovascular safety issues. The recommendations have been agreed on by experts from three scientific societies (Spanish Society of Rheumatology [SER], Spanish Association of Gastroenterology [AEG] and Spanish Society of Cardiology [SEC]), following a two-round Delphi methodology. Areas that have been taken into account encompass: efficiency, cardiovascular risk, gastrointestinal risk, liver risk, renal risk, inflammatory bowel disease, anemia, post-operative pain, and prevention strategies. We propose a patient management algorithm that summarizes the main aspects of the recommendations (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Úlcera Péptica/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Padrões de Prática Médica , Segurança do Paciente , Prescrições de Medicamentos/normas , Fatores de Risco
6.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 10(2): 68-64, mar.-abr. 2014. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-119830

RESUMO

Este artículo señala las recomendaciones claves para una adecuada prescripción de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos a pacientes que presentan indicación de tratamiento con esta medicación, en base a la evidencia científica actual y teniendo en consideración aspectos de seguridad gastrointestinal y cardiovascular. Las recomendaciones se han consensuado por expertos designados por 3 sociedades científicas (Sociedad Española de Reumatología, Asociación Española de Gastroenterología y Sociedad Española de Cardiología), siguiendo una metodología Delphi a 2 rondas. Las áreas que se han tenido en cuenta engloban: eficacia, riesgo cardiovascular, riesgo gastrointestinal, riesgo hepático, riesgo renal, enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal, anemia, dolor postoperatorio y estrategias de prevención. Se propone un algoritmo de manejo de pacientes que recoge los aspectos fundamentales de las recomendaciones (AU)


This article outlines key recommendations for the appropriate prescription of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to patients with different musculoskeletal problems. These recommendations are based on current scientific evidence, and takes into consideration gastrointestinal and cardiovascular safety issues. The recommendations have been agreed on by experts from three scientific societies (Spanish Society of Rheumatology [SER], Spanish Association of Gastroenterology [AEG] and Spanish Society of Cardiology [SEC]), following a two-round Delphi methodology. Areas that have been taken into account encompass: efficiency, cardiovascular risk, gastrointestinal risk, liver risk, renal risk, inflammatory bowel disease, anemia, post-operative pain, and prevention strategies. We propose a patient management algorithm that summarizes the main aspects of the recommendations (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Infecção/tratamento farmacológico , Prescrições de Medicamentos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacocinética , Mediadores da Inflamação
7.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 37(3): 107-27, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24529572

RESUMO

This article outlines key recommendations for the appropriate prescription of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to patients with different musculoskeletal problems. These recommendations are based on current scientific evidence, and takes into consideration gastrointestinal and cardiovascular safety issues. The recommendations have been agreed on by experts from three scientific societies (Spanish Society of Rheumatology [SER], Spanish Association of Gastroenterology [AEG] and Spanish Society of Cardiology [SEC]), following a two-round Delphi methodology. Areas that have been taken into account encompass: efficiency, cardiovascular risk, gastrointestinal risk, liver risk, renal risk, inflammatory bowel disease, anemia, post-operative pain, and prevention strategies. We propose a patient management algorithm that summarizes the main aspects of the recommendations.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Fatores Etários , Algoritmos , Anemia/induzido quimicamente , Anemia/prevenção & controle , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Interações de Medicamentos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias/prevenção & controle , Metanálise como Assunto , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Úlcera Péptica/induzido quimicamente , Úlcera Péptica/prevenção & controle , Úlcera Péptica Hemorrágica/induzido quimicamente , Úlcera Péptica Hemorrágica/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Medição de Risco
8.
Reumatol Clin ; 10(2): 68-84, 2014 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24462644

RESUMO

This article outlines key recommendations for the appropriate prescription of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to patients with different musculoskeletal problems. These recommendations are based on current scientific evidence, and takes into consideration gastrointestinal and cardiovascular safety issues. The recommendations have been agreed on by experts from three scientific societies (Spanish Society of Rheumatology [SER], Spanish Association of Gastroenterology [AEG] and Spanish Society of Cardiology [SEC]), following a two-round Delphi methodology. Areas that have been taken into account encompass: efficiency, cardiovascular risk, gastrointestinal risk, liver risk, renal risk, inflammatory bowel disease, anemia, post-operative pain, and prevention strategies. We propose a patient management algorithm that summarizes the main aspects of the recommendations.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Técnica Delfos , Humanos
9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 31(6): 883-8, 2013 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24373323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To test the reliability of the Berlin MRI scoring method and the effect of a calibration exercise on the score's reliability among untrained readers in MRI examinations of patients with established ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: Eleven rheumatologists read blinded images of 20 AS patients before and after a two-day workshop on the Berlin MRI scoring method. Reliability (intra- and inter-reader) and concordance with the expert (all measured by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)) were compared before and after 2 weeks of the training. Feasibility in terms of time and difficulty was also measured. RESULTS: The mean Berlin score increased from (mean ± standard deviation) 5.04 ± 6.41 before to 6.40±7.08 after the calibration exercise (p<0.01). Inter-reader ICC decreased from 0.83 (95% CI: 0.75-0.93) to 0.78 (95% CI: 0.66-0.90), and intra-reader ICC from 0.89 (95% CI: 0.84-0.94) to 0.87 (95% CI: 0.82-0.92). Agreement with an experienced reader improved after the calibration exercise, with ICC = 0.59 (95% CI 0.45-0.76) before vs. ICC = 0.65 (95% CI 0.50-0.80) after training. CONCLUSIONS: The Berlin method is a reliable scoring method for assessment of spinal inflammatory activity by using MRI in patients with AS, even in the hands of inexperienced readers. A calibration exercise can improve feasibility and sensitivity of the scoring method.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Reumatologia/normas , Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Calibragem , Educação Médica Continuada , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Reumatologia/educação , Reumatologia/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilite Anquilosante/patologia
10.
Int J Inflam ; 2011: 727634, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21785694

RESUMO

Background. The objective of this simulation model was to assess the cost-effectiveness of different biological treatment strategies based on levels of disease activity in Spain, in patients with moderate to severe active RA and an insufficient response to at least one anti-TNF agent. Methods. Clinically meaningful effectiveness criteria were defined using DAS28 scores: remission and Low Disease Activity State (LDAS) thresholds. Monte-Carlo simulations were conducted to assess cost-effectiveness over 2 years of four biological sequential strategies composed of anti-TNF agents (adalimumab, infliximab), abatacept or rituximab, in patients with moderate to severe active RA and an insufficient response to etanercept as first biological agent. Results. The sequential strategy including etanercept, abatacept and adalimumab appeared more efficacious over 2 years (102 days in LDAS) compared to the same sequence including rituximab as second biological option (82 days in LDAS). Cost-effectiveness ratios showed lower costs per day in LDAS with abatacept (427 €) compared to rituximab as second biological option (508 €). All comparisons were confirmed when using remission criteria. Conclusion. Model results suggest that in patients with an insufficient response to anti-TNF agents, the biological sequences including abatacept appear more efficacious and cost-effective than similar sequences including rituximab or cycled anti-TNF agents.

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