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1.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 33(1): 89-91, ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183633

RESUMO

Este trabajo describe la aplicación de la técnica de grupos focales a la evaluación de los programas de control de riesgos por alergias e intolerancias alimentarias (AIA) en los comedores escolares de Barcelona. Tras impulsar su implantación, y como un componente cualitativo de su evaluación, los servicios de salud pública realizaron dos grupos focales, uno con personas procedentes de escuelas que gestionan su propia cocina y otro con personas de empresas externas que gestionan este servicio. Participaron 28 personas de un 46% de los centros invitados. Todas las escuelas parecen haber implantado un programa de autocontrol de AIA. Aunque las empresas gestoras externas solían contar ya con él, la mayoría de las escuelas que gestionan su propia cocina no lo tenía y adoptó el programa propuesto por los servicios de salud pública. El número de escolares con alguna AIA notificada disminuyó tras el programa, al exigir este un mayor rigor en su documentación


This paper describes the use of focus groups as part of the evaluation of programmes to control food allergy and intolerance (FAI) in school settings in the city of Barcelona (Spain). After fostering their adoption and as a qualitative component of their evaluation, the public health services ran two focus groups, one with people from schools that manage their own kitchen, and another from companies that outsource this service. There were 28 participants from 46% of the centres invited. All the schools seem to have implemented a self-control programme on FAI. Although outsourcing companies already had a programme, the schools that managed their own service mostly adopted the programme promoted by the public health services. The number of schoolchildren with reported FAI reduced after the programme, as it required more rigorous documentation from families


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Intolerância Alimentar/prevenção & controle , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/prevenção & controle , Alimentação Escolar/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade/tendências , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração , Grupos Focais/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Gestão de Riscos/organização & administração , Manipulação de Alimentos/classificação
2.
Gac Sanit ; 33(1): 89-91, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29691074

RESUMO

This paper describes the use of focus groups as part of the evaluation of programmes to control food allergy and intolerance (FAI) in school settings in the city of Barcelona (Spain). After fostering their adoption and as a qualitative component of their evaluation, the public health services ran two focus groups, one with people from schools that manage their own kitchen, and another from companies that outsource this service. There were 28 participants from 46% of the centres invited. All the schools seem to have implemented a self-control programme on FAI. Although outsourcing companies already had a programme, the schools that managed their own service mostly adopted the programme promoted by the public health services. The number of schoolchildren with reported FAI reduced after the programme, as it required more rigorous documentation from families.


Assuntos
Grupos Focais , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/prevenção & controle , Intolerância Alimentar/prevenção & controle , Serviços de Alimentação , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas , Espanha
3.
Gac Sanit ; 22(1): 76-8, 2008.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18261448

RESUMO

Changes in the Barcelona animal shelter from 2002 to 2005 are presented. In 2003, routine euthanasia of unclaimed stray animals was discontinued, due to a political decision of the city council. Changes were also made in the management of the shelter: from January 2003 to July 2004 the shelter was operated by an animal protection organization, and then directly again by the city public health agency. Management of the shelter by the animal welfare organization was associated with an increase in the proportion of dogs rescued and adopted. The suspension of routine euthanasia was associated with a marked increase in the number of stray dogs. Canine distemper became endemic in the shelter until late 2004, due to a certain unwillingness to use euthanasia to control infection transmission. Direct operation by public health services in a context of transparency and high social expectations has led to the development and adoption of standardized work protocols in the shelter, improving quality.


Assuntos
Bem-Estar do Animal/tendências , Cães , Abrigo para Animais , Saúde Pública , Bem-Estar do Animal/normas , Animais , Animais Domésticos , Cinomose/epidemiologia , Cinomose/prevenção & controle , Eutanásia Animal , Espanha
4.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 22(1): 76-78, ene.-feb. 2008. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-63374

RESUMO

Se presenta la evolución del centro de acogida de animales de compañía de la ciudad de Barcelona de 2002 a 2005. Por mandato municipal se suspenden de forma general los sacrificios desde 2003. Se producen cambios de gestión, asumida durante los meses que van de enero de 2003 a julio de 2004 por una entidad protectora, y luego directamente por los servicios de salud pública. La gestión de una protectora conllevó notables incrementos en el número de animales rescatados y adoptados. La suspensión del sacrificio se acompañó de un extraordinario incremento de la tasa de abandonos. La reticencia en eutanasiar a animales aquejados de enfermedades infecciosas generó una endemia de moquillo, que se controló a finales de 2004. La recuperación de la gestión directa por los servicios de salud pública en un contexto de transparencia y exigencia social ha llevado al desarrollo y la adopción de protocolos de trabajo sistematizados, que mejoran la calidad


Changes in the Barcelona animal shelter from 2002 to 2005 are presented. In 2003, routine euthanasia of unclaimed stray animals was discontinued, due to a political decision of the city council. Changes were also made in the management of the shelter: from January 2003 to July 2004 the shelter was operated by an animal protection organization, and then directly again by the city public health agency. Management of the shelter by the animal welfare organization was associated with an increase in the proportion of dogs rescued and adopted. The suspension of routine euthanasia was associated with a marked increase in the number of stray dogs. Canine distemper became endemic in the shelter until late 2004, due to a certain unwillingness to use euthanasia to control infection transmission. Direct operation by public health services in a context of transparency and high social expectations has led to the development and adoption of standardized work protocols in the shelter, improving quality


Assuntos
Animais , Animais Domésticos , Bem-Estar do Animal/organização & administração , Abrigo para Animais/normas , Criação de Animais Domésticos/organização & administração , Cães , Gatos
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