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Clin Transl Oncol ; 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864020


BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is the leading cause of death in patients with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB). We provide the management and prognosis of cSCC in RDEB patients at a Spanish reference center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively included patients with RDEB attended in La Paz University Hospital from November 1988 to October 2018. RESULTS: Fourteen patients developed at least one cSCC. Tumors were predominantly well differentiated. Nearly half of the tumors have recurred. Median time to first recurrence was 23.4 months (95% CI: 17.2-29.5). Five patients have developed distant metastases. Median overall survival (mOS) was 136.5 months since the diagnosis of the first cSCC (95% CI: 30.6-242.3). When distant metastases occurred, mOS was 6.78 months (95% CI: 1.94-11.61). CONCLUSIONS: cSCC is a life-threatening complication of RDEB patients. Although tumors are usually well differentiated, they tend to relapse. This is the first Spanish report of cSCC arising in RDEB patients.