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1.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 12(1): 1-10, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-4538

RESUMO

Current emergent studies are seriously questioning if parental strictness contributes to adolescent adjustment. This study examined whether the relationship between authoritative (warmth and strictness), authoritarian (strictness without warmth), indulgent (warmth without strictness), and neglectful (neither warmth nor strictness) parenting styles shows equal or different pattern of adjustment and maladjustment for aggressive and non-aggressive adolescents. The sample consisted of 969 Spanish adolescents, 554 females (57.2%) and 415 males, ranging from 12 to 17 years old. Families were classified into one of four typologies by their scores on warmth and strictness, and the adolescents were grouped by their aggressiveness (low vs. high). Adolescent adjustment was captured with three self-esteem indicators (emotional, physical, and family) and personal maladjustment with five indicators (negative self-esteem, negative self-adequacy, emotional irresponsiveness, emotional instability, and negative worldview). It was tested main and interaction effects between parenting and aggressiveness considering also sex and age factors. Findings showed that aggressive adolescents always had the worst socialization outcomes (i.e., the lowest self-esteem and the highest personal maladjustment). Aggressive and non-aggressive adolescents have a common pattern: both, indulgent and authoritative parenting styles were always associated with better outcomes than either authoritarian or neglectful parenting, but indulgent parenting style was associated with the best outcomes across all the criteria. In contrast with previous evidence about the idea that parental strictness and imposition might be beneficial to raise aggressive adolescents, present findings highlight the positive impact of parental warmth even with aggressive adolescents. Implications for family interventions were considered


Investigaciones emergentes cuestionan que la severidad parental contribuya al ajuste del adolescente. Este estudio examina si la relación entre los estilos parentales autorizativo (afecto y severidad), autoritario (severidad sin afecto), indulgente (afecto sin severidad) y negligente (ni afecto ni severidad) presenta patrones de ajuste y desajuste iguales o diferentes en adolescentes agresivos y no agresivos. Participaron 969 adolescentes españoles, 554 mujeres (57.2%) y 415 varones, de 12 a 17 años. Las familias se clasificaron en un estilo parental según sus puntuaciones en afecto y severidad y los adolescentes se agruparon por agresividad (baja vs. alta). Se captó el ajuste mediante tres indicadores de autoestima (emocional, física y familiar) y el desajuste personal con cinco indicadores (autoestima negativa, autoeficacia negativa, falta de respuesta emocional, inestabilidad emocional y visión negativa del mundo). Se probaron efectos principales y de interacción para estilos parentales y agresividad, considerando también sexo y edad. Los análisis mostraron que los adolescentes agresivos siempre tenían los peores resultados (i.e., la menor autoestima y el mayor desajuste personal). Los adolescentes agresivos y no agresivos comparten un patrón común: los estilos indulgente y autorizativo siempre se asociaron con mejores resultados que el autoritario o el negligente, pero el estilo indulgente se asoció con los mejores resultados en todos los criterios. A diferencia de estudios previos que consideraban que el rigor y la severidad de los padres podrían ser beneficiosos en hijos agresivos, los presentes resultados resaltan el impacto positivo del afecto parental incluso en adolescentes agresivos. Se consideraron las implicaciones para las intervenciones familiares

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 713: 136720, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019049

RESUMO

For millennia, bread and wheat have been one of the most important sources of nutrients in many civilizations. Today, mechanization and evolution in agriculture and food processing have intensified yields and modified the biological and nutritional aspects of multiple crops and foods. The Galician bread is a reference value of food heritage in Spain, which is made from common wheat grain and is a mixture of indigenous Galician wheat and conventional Spanish wheat. In the pursuit of product excellence, it is interesting to identify the environmental profile as support criteria in decision-making, not only to analyse product environmental sustainability, but also as a marketing element to improve consumer awareness. The paper has a twofold perspective to analyse the environmental burdens of wheat cultivation and the bread sector, using life cycle assessment approach: 1) the comparison of the different types of agricultural systems, i.e. the cultivation of Galician wheat following a strategy of monoculture and crop rotation, certified Galician seed production and its comparison with conventional wheat cultivation and 2) the environmental profile of Galician bread. The functional units chosen were 1 kg of wheat grain transported to the milling facility and 1 kg of Galician bread. The results show that wheat cultivation presents the main environmental impacts of bread production, mainly due to the use of agrochemicals and field emissions. The best cultivation scenario corresponds to a crop rotation system, since chemical fertilisation is not applied. In comparative terms with many staple foods produced in Europe, Galician bread has a low environmental impact. The overall environmental results of bread production draw attention to the dependence of bread and flour manufacturers on the agricultural sector, highlighting the need to share responsibilities across the supply chain. In addition, this study contributes to the stakeholder debate on environmental impacts related to food heritage.

3.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 6(1): 70-79, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971908

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated whether plasma miRNAs were specifically associated with sudden cardiac and/or arrhythmic death (SCD) in a cohort of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), most of whom were without primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. BACKGROUND: Novel biomarkers for sudden death risk stratification are needed in patients with CHD to more precisely target preventive therapies, such as implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. miRNAs have been implicated in regulating inflammation and cardiac fibrosis in cells, and plasma miRNAs have been shown to predict cardiovascular death in patients with CHD. METHODS: We performed a nested case control study within a multicenter cohort of 5,956 patients with CHD followed prospectively for SCD. Plasma levels of 18 candidate miRNAs previously associated with cardiac remodeling were measured in 129 SCD cases and 258 control subjects matched on age, sex, race, and left ventricular ejection fraction. RESULTS: miR-150-5p, miR-29a-3p, and miR-30a-5p were associated with increased SCD risk (odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals: 2.03 [1.12 to 3.67]; p = 0.02; 1.93 [1.07 to 3.50]; p = 0.02; 0.55 [0.31 to 0.97]; p = 0.04, respectively, for third vs. first tertile miRNA level). Unfavorable levels of all 3 miRNAs was associated with a 4.8-fold increased SCD risk (1.59 to 14.51; p = 0.006). A bioinformatics-based approach predicted miR-150-5p, miR-29a-3p, and miR-30a-5p to be involved in apoptosis, fibrosis, and inflammation. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that plasma miRNAs may regulate pathways important for remodeling and may be useful in identifying patients with CHD at increased risk of SCD.

4.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1392, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996747

RESUMO

Genotyping methods and genome sequencing are indispensable to reveal genomic structure of bacterial species displaying high level of genome plasticity. However, reconstruction of genome or assembly is not straightforward due to data complexity, including repeats, mobile and accessory genetic elements of bacterial genomes. Moreover, since the solution to this problem is strongly influenced by sequencing technology, bioinformatics pipelines, and selection criteria to assess assemblers, there is no systematic way to select a priori the optimal assembler and parameter settings. To assembly the genome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain AG1 (PaeAG1), short reads (Illumina) and long reads (Oxford Nanopore) sequencing data were used in 13 different non-hybrid and hybrid approaches. PaeAG1 is a multiresistant high-risk sequence type 111 (ST-111) clone that was isolated from a Costa Rican hospital and it was the first report of an isolate of P. aeruginosa carrying both blaVIM-2 and blaIMP-18 genes encoding for metallo-ß-lactamases (MBL) enzymes. To assess the assemblies, multiple metrics regard to contiguity, correctness and completeness (3C criterion, as we define here) were used for benchmarking the 13 approaches and select a definitive assembly. In addition, annotation was done to identify genes (coding and RNA regions) and to describe the genomic content of PaeAG1. Whereas long reads and hybrid approaches showed better performances in terms of contiguity, higher correctness and completeness metrics were obtained for short read only and hybrid approaches. A manually curated and polished hybrid assembly gave rise to a single circular sequence with 100% of core genes and known regions identified, >98% of reads mapped back, no gaps, and uniform coverage. The strategy followed to obtain this high-quality 3C assembly is detailed in the manuscript and we provide readers with an all-in-one script to replicate our results or to apply it to other troublesome cases. The final 3C assembly revealed that the PaeAG1 genome has 7,190,208 bp, a 65.7% GC content and 6,709 genes (6,620 coding sequences), many of which are included in multiple mobile genomic elements, such as 57 genomic islands, six prophages, and two complete integrons with blaVIM-2 and blaIMP-18 MBL genes. Up to 250 and 60 of the predicted genes are anticipated to play a role in virulence (adherence, quorum sensing and secretion) or antibiotic resistance (ß-lactamases, efflux pumps, etc). Altogether, the assembly and annotation of the PaeAG1 genome provide new perspectives to continue studying the genomic diversity and gene content of this important human pathogen.

5.
Mov Disord ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of the mesencephalic locomotor region has been implicated in gait disorders. However, the role of its 2 components, the pedunculopontine and the cuneiform nuclei, in locomotion is poorly understood in primates. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect of cuneiform lesions on gait and balance in 2 monkeys and to compare them with those obtained after cholinergic pedunculopontine lesions in 4 monkeys and after lesions in both the cuneiform and pedunculopontine nuclei in 1 monkey. METHODS: After each stereotactic lesion, we performed a neurological examination and gait and balance assessments with kinematic measures during a locomotor task. The 3-dimensional location of each lesion was analyzed on a common brainstem space. RESULTS: After each cuneiform lesion, we observed a contralateral cervical dystonia including an increased tone in the proximal forelimb and an increase in knee angle, back curvature and walking speed. Conversely, cholinergic pedunculopontine lesions increased tail rigidity and back curvature and an imbalance of the muscle tone between the ipsi- and contralateral hindlimb with decreased knee angles. The walking speed was decreased. Moreover, pedunculopontine lesions often resulted in a longer time to waking postsurgery. CONCLUSIONS: The location of the lesions and their behavioral effects revealed a somatotopic organization of muscle tone control, with the neck and forelimb represented within the cuneiform nucleus and hindlimb and tail represented within the pedunculopontine nucleus. Cuneiform lesions increased speed, whereas pedunculopontine lesions decreased it. These findings confirm the complex and specific role of the cuneiform and pedunculopontine nuclei in locomotion and suggest the role of the pedunculopontine in sleep control. © 2020 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

6.
Ecohealth ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31989365

RESUMO

Bats are important wildlife to their ecologic system, but they are also a zoonotic disease reservoir. Close bat-human interaction can lead to pathogen spillover. We conducted a qualitative study in two districts of Bangladesh and interviewed 30 bat hunters who hunt bats primarily for consumption, to understand the process and their reasons for hunting bats and their perceptions about bats and bat-borne disease. Most hunters catch bats during winter nights, using a net. Bat meat is used for household consumption, and the surplus is sold to cover household expenditures. They prepare the bat meat at home to sell it in their own and in neighboring communities. They also sell live bats to traditional healers. They report that the bat population has declined compared with 5 or 10 years ago, a decline they attribute to hunting and deforestation. Many have heard of a disease from bat-contaminated date palm sap but do not believe that bats can spread such disease to humans. Close bat-human interaction reported in this study pose a risk of pathogen spillover. Conservation initiatives have the potential to reduce such interaction and so both reduce disease risk and support the ecology.

7.
Stroke ; 51(1): 342-346, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694504

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Hypertension is the most frequent comorbidity in stroke.The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether hypertension alters the response to treatment with adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) after an ischemic stroke in rats. Methods- Ischemic stroke was induced in male normotensive or hypertensive rats. Either vehicle or 1×106 ADMSC was intravenously administered at 48 hours poststroke. Functional outcome, lesion size and volume, and markers of brain repair (GFAP [glial fibrillary acidic protein], doublecortin, CD-31, α-smooth muscle actin) were evaluated. Results- Hypertensive rats had larger lesions, higher apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) and worse functional outcomes than normotensive rats. Hypertension increased GFAP and vascular markers (CD-31 and α-smooth muscle actin). The hypertensive rats treated with ADMSC did not show any significant improvement in functional recovery, lesion size, ADC values, or histological markers compared with those which received the vehicle. Conclusions- ADMSC did not reverse the hypertension-induced increase in lesion severity or functional impairment. Gliosis, neurogenesis, or vascular markers were not affected by ADMSC in hypertensive rats. Hypertension has a negative impact on the therapeutic effect of ADMSC after an ischemic stroke.

8.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol ; : 1-4, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813403

RESUMO

In this meta-analysis, central venous catheter exposure (pooled odds ratio, 8.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.19-29.31; P < .01) in neonates and length of stay (standardized mean difference, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.26-1.05; P = .01) in an adult population were associated with acquisition of waterborne healthcare-associated infections or colonization in ICUs. The quality of evidence was low.

9.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866167

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ustekinumab, a monoclonal antibody that blocks interleukins 12/23, has proven in clinical trials its efficacy in inducing and maintaining clinical remission of Crohn's disease (CD). Its effectiveness and safety in actual clinical practice is less known and may differ from trials. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate its effectiveness and safety in clinical practice (intravenous induction pattern essentially), such as induction and over the long term, in patients with CD refractory to biological treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Multicentre retrospective analysis (6 hospitals in Aragón), which includes all patients (N=69) with CD undergoing treatment with ustekinumab (either with intravenous or subcutaneous induction), who had at least 16 weeks of follow-up. The clinical response or remission has been evaluated at weeks 16, 24, 32 and 48 using the Harvey-Bradshaw index. RESULTS: A total of 69 patients have been included, mean age 42 years, 54% men. A percentage of 89.86 (95% CI [0.805, 0.949]) of the patients presented clinical improvement at week 16 (15.95% remission, 73.92% response). In the subsequent follow-up, this response has been maintained. Age (OR 0.95, P=.028) and smoking habits (OR 0.19, P=.027) have been identified by an ordinal regression model as predictors of poor treatment response while the need for biological change due to adverse effect (OR 96, P=.00017) and due to loss of secondary response (OR 7.07, P=.034) have been predictors of good response. No serious adverse effects have been reported that forced them to stop taking ustekinumab. CONCLUSION: Ustekinumab is effective and safe in real clinical practice to achieve induction and maintenance of the response in patients with refractory CD. Tobacco and age have been shown to be predictors of poor response, while the indication for adverse effect to previous biological and for loss of secondary response has been shown to be predictors of good response.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(23)2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779211

RESUMO

Localization is the fundamental problem of intelligent vehicles. For a vehicle to autonomously operate, it first needs to locate itself in the environment. A lot of different odometries (visual, inertial, wheel encoders) have been introduced through the past few years for autonomous vehicle localization. However, such odometries suffers from drift due to their reliance on integration of sensor measurements. In this paper, the drift error in an odometry is modeled and a Drift Covariance Estimation (DCE) algorithm is introduced. The DCE algorithm estimates the covariance of an odometry using the readings of another on-board sensor which does not suffer from drift. To validate the proposed algorithm, several real-world experiments in different conditions as well as sequences from Oxford RobotCar Dataset and EU long-term driving dataset are used. The effect of the covariance estimation on three different fusion-based localization algorithms (EKF, UKF and EH-infinity) is studied in comparison with the use of constant covariance, which were calculated based on the true variance of the sensors being used. The obtained results show the efficacy of the estimation algorithm compared to constant covariances in terms of improving the accuracy of localization.

11.
Hepatology ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE FOR THE STUDY: Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC)6 has been associated with missense but not biallelic nonsense or frameshift mutations in MYO5B, encoding the motor protein myoVb. This genotype-phenotype correlation and the mechanism via which MYO5B mutations give rise to PFIC are not understood. The aim of this study was to determine whether the loss of myoVb or expression of patient-specific myoVb mutants can be causally related to defects in canalicular protein localization and, if so, via which mechanism. MAIN RESULTS: We demonstrate that the cholestasis-associated P660L mutation in myoVb caused the intracellular accumulation of bile canalicular proteins in vesicular compartments. Remarkably, the knockout of MYO5B in vitro and in vivo produced no canalicular localization defects. In contrast, the expression of myoVb mutants consisting of only the tail domain phenocopied the effects of the Myo5b-P660L mutation. Using additional myoVb and rab11a mutants, we demonstrate that motor domain-deficient myoVb inhibited the formation of specialized apical recycling endosomes, and that its disrupting effect on the localization of canalicular proteins was dependent on its interaction with active rab11a and occurred at the trans-Golgi Network/recycling endosome interface. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal a mechanism via which MYO5B motor domain mutations can cause the mislocalization of canalicular proteins in hepatocytes which, unexpectedly, does not involve myoVb loss-of-function but, as we propose, a rab11a-mediated gain-of-toxic function. The results explain why biallelic MYO5B mutations that affect the motor domain but not those that eliminate myoVb expression are associated with PFIC6.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681620

RESUMO

Pet and EspC are toxins secreted by enteroaggregative (EAEC) and enteropathogenic (EPEC) diarrheagenic Escherichia coli pathotypes, respectively. Both toxins are members of the Serine Protease Autotransporters of Enterobacteriaceae (SPATEs) family. Pet and EspC are important virulence factors that produce cytotoxic and enterotoxic effects on enterocytes. Here, we evaluated the effect of curcumin, a polyphenolic compound obtained from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) on the secretion and cytotoxic effects of Pet and EspC proteins. We found that curcumin prevents Pet and EspC secretion without affecting bacterial growth or the expression of pet and espC. Our results show that curcumin affects the release of these SPATEs from the translocation domain, thereby affecting the pathogenesis of EAEC and EPEC. Curcumin-treated EAEC and EPEC did not induce significant cell damage like the ability to disrupt the actin cytoskeleton, without affecting their characteristic adherence patterns on epithelial cells. A molecular model of docking predicted that curcumin interacts with the determinant residues Asp1018-Asp1019 and Asp1029-Asp1030 of the translocation domain required for the release of Pet and EspC, respectively. Consequently, curcumin blocks Pet and EspC cytotoxicity on epithelial cells by preventing their release from the outer membrane.

13.
PLoS Biol ; 17(11): e3000531, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682603

RESUMO

Recycling endosomes regulate plasma membrane recycling. Recently, recycling endosome-associated proteins have been implicated in the positioning and orientation of the mitotic spindle and cytokinesis. Loss of MYO5B, encoding the recycling endosome-associated myosin Vb, is associated with tumor development and tissue architecture defects in the gastrointestinal tract. Whether loss of MYO5B expression affects mitosis is not known. Here, we demonstrate that loss of MYO5B expression delayed cytokinesis, perturbed mitotic spindle orientation, led to the misorientation of the plane of cell division during the course of mitosis, and resulted in the delamination of epithelial cells. Remarkably, the effects on spindle orientation, but not cytokinesis, were a direct consequence of physical hindrance by giant late endosomes, which were formed in a chloride channel-sensitive manner concomitant with a redistribution of chloride channels from the cell periphery to late endosomes upon loss of MYO5B. Rab7 availability was identified as a limiting factor for the development of giant late endosomes. In accordance, increasing rab7 availability corrected mitotic spindle misorientation and cell delamination in cells lacking MYO5B expression. In conclusion, we identified a novel role for MYO5B in the regulation of late endosome size control and identify the inability to control late endosome size as an unexpected novel mechanism underlying defects in cell division orientation and epithelial architecture.

14.
Cell Rep ; 29(6): 1645-1659.e9, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693902

RESUMO

Molecular chaperones such as heat-shock proteins (HSPs) help in protein folding. Their function in the cytosol has been well studied. Notably, chaperones are also present in the nucleus, a compartment where proteins enter after completing de novo folding in the cytosol, and this raises an important question about chaperone function in the nucleus. We performed a systematic analysis of the nuclear pool of heat-shock protein 90. Three orthogonal and independent analyses led us to the core functional interactome of HSP90. Computational and biochemical analyses identify host cell factor C1 (HCFC1) as a transcriptional regulator that depends on HSP90 for its stability. HSP90 was required to maintain the expression of HCFC1-targeted cell-cycle genes. The regulatory nexus between HSP90 and the HCFC1 module identified in this study sheds light on the relevance of chaperones in the transcription of cell-cycle genes. Our study also suggests a therapeutic avenue of combining chaperone and transcription inhibitors for cancer treatment.

15.
Microbiologyopen ; 8(11): e945, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724836

RESUMO

Infectious diseases still stand as a major cause of morbidity and mortality, and this problem can be worsened with the current antimicrobial resistance crisis. To tackle this crisis more studies analyzing the causes, routes, and reservoirs where antimicrobial resistance can emerge and expand, together with new antimicrobials and strategies for fighting antimicrobial resistance are needed. In the current special issue of MicrobiologyOpen, a set of articles dealing with the multiple faces of antimicrobial resistance are presented. These articles provide new information for understanding and addressing this problem.

16.
Ther Adv Urol ; 11: 1756287219875581, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632464

RESUMO

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an adjustable sling compared with an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) in patients with severe urinary incontinence (SUI) postprostatectomy (PP). Methods: This review was carried out following the Cochrane Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) declaration. We searched Medline, Embase, LILACS, and CENTRAL databases. Studies with patients older than 18 years of age with SUI PP who underwent sling or AUS intervention and had been monitored for longer than 12 months were included. Results: Seven studies were included, yielding a sample size of 420. Pads were reportedly dry or improved in 70% of the sling group compared with 74% in the AUS group. The Incontinence Impact Questionnaire, Short Form (IIQ-7) was the most frequently used scale and showed improvement, with a score of 82.8% in the AUS group compared with 86.1% in the sling group. When comparing interventions with nonintervention, relative risks (RRs) of 35.37 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 7.17-174.35) and 45.14 (95% CI: 11.09-183.70) were found for the adjustable sling and AUS, respectively, which were statistically significant. No significant differences were found when AUS versus adjustable sling were compared, with an RR of 0.78 (95% CI: 0.09-6.56). We found a low risk of bias in most studies. Conclusions: Both interventions can reduce incontinence and improve the quality of life of patients with SUI PP. The published literature is substantially limited as no randomized clinical trials are available, no consensus has been reached regarding the definition of severity of incontinence, and considerable heterogeneity exists across the outcome variables measured.

17.
Gac Med Mex ; 155(Suppl 1): S49-S55, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638610

RESUMO

Background: Neurosurgical treatment, although controversial, is considered a useful resource in the treatment of chronic psychiatric diseases such as refractory aggressiveness. Objective: To evaluate the clinical results and side effects of posteromedial hypothalamotomy associated with amygdalotomy in patients with refractory aggressiveness. Method: A clinical trial was conducted in patients with chronic aggressiveness and refractory to pharmacological treatment. A central amygdalotomy associated with posteromedial hypothalamotomy was performed using thermo-coagulation by radiofrequency. The degree of aggressiveness was quantified by the Yudofsky's global scale of aggression. Postoperative changes in aggressive behavior continued to be evaluated every 6 months for at least 36 months. Results: A statistically significant change in aggressive behavior was observed during 36 months of follow-up. The collateral effects of the association of both procedures are described, the most frequent being drowsiness and some cases of reduction in sexual behavior. Conclusion: Symmetric and simultaneous unilateral lesions of the central nucleus of the amygdala and the posteromedial hypothalamus contralateral to motor dominance give the same clinical effect in the reduction of the pathological aggression that the bilateral lesions.

18.
Mol Biol Cell ; 30(26): 3076-3089, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664880

RESUMO

Loss-of-function mutations in the nonconventional myosin Vb (Myo5b) result in microvillus inclusion disease (MVID) and massive secretory diarrhea that often begins at birth. Myo5b mutations disrupt the apical recycling endosome (ARE) and membrane traffic, resulting in reduced surface expression of apical membrane proteins. ARE disruption also results in constitutive phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 gain of function. In MVID, decreased surface expression of apical anion channels involved in Cl- extrusion, such as cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), should reduce fluid secretion into the intestinal lumen. But the opposite phenotype is observed. To explain this contradiction and the onset of diarrhea, we hypothesized that signaling effects downstream from Myo5b loss of function synergize with higher levels of glucocorticoids to activate PKA and CFTR. Data from intestinal cell lines, human MVID, and Myo5b KO mouse intestine revealed changes in the subcellular redistribution of PKA activity to the apical pole, increased CFTR phosphorylation, and establishment of apical cAMP gradients in Myo5b-defective cells exposed to physiological levels of glucocorticoids. These cells also displayed net secretory fluid fluxes and transepithelial currents mainly from PKA-dependent Cl- secretion. We conclude that Myo5b defects result in PKA stimulation that activates residual channels on the surface when intestinal epithelia are exposed to glucocorticoids at birth.

19.
Psychol Health ; : 1-20, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607160

RESUMO

Objective: We examine parenting styles (characterized by warmth and strictness, i.e., neglectful, indulgent, authoritarian and authoritative) as either a protective or risk factor for adolescence drinking. Design: Two 4 × 2 × 3 multi-factorial MANOVAs. Sample consisted of 996 underage Spanish adolescents, 532 males (53.4%), ranging from 15 to 17 years old. Main outcome measures: Alcohol use (wine, beer, mixed drinks and liquors) and abuse and motivations for drinking (social acceptance and self-enhancement) and non-drinking (harsh preventive rules and awareness of alcohol's harmful effects). Results: Lower risk of alcohol use and abuse was found in adolescents with indulgent parenting, and higher risk for adolescents with authoritarian parenting. Adolescents from indulgent parenting style homes had equal adjustment (lower self-enhancement and higher harsh preventive rules and awareness of alcohol's harmful effects) or even better (lower social acceptance) than those from authoritative parenting style homes. Consistently, the highest risk parenting styles identified were the authoritarian and neglectful styles (α=.05). Conclusion: At least in some cultures, warmth and reasoning, shared by authoritative and indulgent parenting styles, seem the recommended way to protect offspring from drinking. Effective alcohol prevention and intervention programs should include strategies tailored specifically to this new cultural context where parenting takes place.

20.
Microbiologyopen ; 8(12): e931, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568664

RESUMO

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) infection causes a histopathological lesion including recruitment of F-actin beneath the attached bacteria and formation of actin-rich pedestal-like structures. Another important target of EPEC is the tight junction (TJ), and EspF induces displacement of TJ proteins and increased intestinal permeability. Previously, we determined that an EPEC strain lacking EspF did not cause TJ disruption; meanwhile, pedestals were located on the TJ and smaller than those induced by the wild-type strain. Therefore, EspF could be playing an important role in both phenotypes. Here, using different cell models, we found that EspF was essential for pedestal maturation through ZO-1 disassembly from TJ, leading to (a) ZO-1 recruitment to the pedestal structure; no other main TJ proteins were required. Recruited ZO-1 allowed the afadin recruitment. (b) Afadin recruitment caused an afadin-ZO-1 transient interaction, like during TJ formation. (c) Afadin and ZO-1 were segregated to the tip and the stem of pedestal, respectively, causing pedestal maturation. Initiation of these three discrete phases for pedestal maturation functionally and physically required EspF expression. Pedestal maturation process could help coordinate the epithelial actomyosin function by maintaining the actin-rich column composing the pedestal structure and could be important in the dynamics of the pedestal movement on epithelial cells.

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