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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246780, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285620

RESUMO

Abstract Anthelmintic drugs have been used strategically in livestock reared in the tropics. These drugs have been used in the treatment of endoparasitism which have resulted in an increase in the animals' performance. The agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) is a neo-tropical rodent with the potential for domestication and has been farmed intensively in Trinidad. However, the objective of this research was to investigate the effect of anthelmintic use of the growth performance of the agouti. In searching the literature, it was found that this type of study on the agouti has not been done. In this experiment fourteen weaned agoutis weighing 1kg were divided into two groups randomly. The first group (T1) was not given any anthelmintic treatment but the second group (T2) was treated with Endovet Ces® subcutaneously every three months. There were no significant differences (p > 0.05) between the two groups in the carcass weight, weight gain, dressing percentage (hot and cold), heart, lungs, skin, head and feet. However, a significant difference (p < 0.05) was seen between groups in the weight of liver and pluck. To the authors knowledge this is the first time that carcass parameters has been presented in literature. The live weight of the animals at the end of the experiment ranged from 2.4 kg to 2.6 kg and animals had a dressing percentage of 57% to 55%. The results are suggestive that the use of anthelmintic drugs in agoutis reared intensively had no significant effect on weight gain and dressing percentage.


Resumo Drogas anti-helmínticas têm sido usadas estrategicamente em rebanhos criados nos trópicos. Essas drogas têm sido utilizadas no tratamento do endoparasitismo, o que resultou em um aumento no desempenho dos animais. A cutia (Dasyprocta leporina) é um roedor neotropical com potencial para domesticação e tem sido criada intensivamente em Trinidad. Porém, o objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar o efeito do uso de anti-helmínticos no desempenho de crescimento da cutia. Através de uma busca na literatura, constatou-se que esse tipo de estudo na cutia não foi realizado. Neste experimento, quatorze cutias desmamadas pesando 1kg foram divididas em dois grupos aleatoriamente. O primeiro grupo (T1) não recebeu nenhum tratamento anti-helmíntico, mas o segundo grupo (T2) foi tratado com Endovet Ces® por via subcutânea a cada três meses. Não houve diferenças significativas (p> 0,05) entre os dois grupos no peso da carcaça, ganho de peso, porcentagem de cobertura (quente e frio), coração, pulmão, pele, cabeça e pés. No entanto, uma diferença significativa (p <0,05) foi observada entre os grupos no peso do fígado e depenagem. Para os autores, esta é a primeira vez que parâmetros de carcaça são apresentados na literatura. O peso vivo dos animais ao final do experimento variou de 2,4 kg a 2,6 kg e os animais tinham uma porcentagem de curativo de 57% a 55%. Os resultados sugerem que o uso de anti-helmínticos em cutias criadas intensivamente não teve efeito significativo no ganho de peso e na porcentagem de curativo.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e237869, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249268

RESUMO

Abstract Reproductive diseases have been well documented in domestic livestock such as sheep, goat, cattle and pigs. However, there is very little information on these diseases in the agouti (Dasyprocta leporina). The agouti is used for its meat in South America and the Caribbean. More recently, intensive farming of this animal is being practiced in the Neotropics. There is dearth of information on dystocia and vaginal prolapses in the agouti. This document reports on three cases of reproductive diseases in captive reared agoutis in Trinidad and Tobago. The first case was a female agouti weighing approximately 3 kg that was in the last stage of pregnancy, which was found dead in its cage. The vulva of the mother had the protruding hind-limbs of the fetus. Necroscopic evaluation of carcass revealed little fat tissue and the mother had two fetuses in the right horn of the uterus. Each fetus weighed approximately 200 g. The fetuses were well formed with fur, teeth and eyes. The placenta was attached to each fetus. The pathological findings suggested that dystocia resulted from secondary uterine inertia which was the cause of death of the adult female agouti. The second case was that of an adult female agouti weighing 2.5 kg. This female had given birth to an offspring three weeks prior and was observed to have had a vaginal prolapse. Surgery was performed and the prolapsed vagina was placed back into the pelvic cavity. Further to this intervention, the vagina prolapsed twice. Subsequent to the re-insertion of the vaginal tissue the agouti was euthanized. The third case was also that of a dystocia. However, the fetuses weighed 235 g and 165 g respectively and were in normal presentation, posture and positioning. The fetus however was unable to pass via the vagina and was trapped in the pelvic cavity. This caused secondary uterine inertia which was the cause of death. The causes of reproductive diseases in these cases are unknown but the feeding management and space allowance given to the agouti in late gestation may be contributing factors.


Resumo As doenças reprodutivas têm sido bem documentadas em rebanhos domésticos, como ovinos, caprinos, bovinos e suínos. Porém, há muito pouca informação sobre essas doenças na cutia (Dasyprocta leporina). A cutia é usada como carne na América do Sul e no Caribe. Mais recentemente, a criação intensiva desse animal está sendo praticada na região neotropical., Há escassez de informações sobre distocia e prolapsos vaginais na cutia. Este documento relata três casos de doenças reprodutivas em cutias criadas em cativeiro em Trinidad e Tobago. O primeiro caso foi de uma cutia de aproximadamente 3 kg que estava na última fase de gestação, encontrada morta em sua gaiola. A vulva da mãe tinha as patas traseiras salientes do feto. A avaliação necroscópica da carcaça revelou pouco tecido adiposo e a mãe tinha dois fetos no corno direito do útero. Cada feto pesava aproximadamente 200 g. Os fetos eram bem formados com pelos, dentes e olhos. A placenta foi presa a cada feto. Os achados patológicos sugeriram que a distocia resultou de inércia uterina secundária, que foi a causa da morte da cutia adulta. O segundo caso foi o de uma cutia adulta pesando 2,5 kg. Essa fêmea deu à luz uma cria três semanas antes e foi observado que tinha prolapso vaginal., A cirurgia foi realizada e a vagina prolapsada foi colocada de volta na cavidade pélvica. Após essa intervenção, a vagina prolapsou duas vezes. Após a reinserção do tecido vaginal, a cutia foi eutanasiada. O terceiro caso também foi de distocia. No entanto, os fetos pesavam 235 g e 165 g e estavam em apresentação, postura e posicionamento normais. O feto, entretanto, não conseguiu passar pela vagina e ficou preso na cavidade pélvica. Isso causou inércia uterina secundária, que foi a causa da morte. As causas das doenças reprodutivas nesses casos são desconhecidas, mas o manejo da alimentação e o espaço concedido à cutia no final da gestação podem ser fatores contribuintes.

3.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e240724, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249270

RESUMO

Abstract Developing a captive breeding system for the widely hunted Caribbean species of opossum Didelphis marsupialis insularis can greatly aide in the management and conservation of this species in the neo-tropics. Although this species possesses ideal traits for captive breeding in this region (tolerance to high heat and humidity, high reproductive rate, and resistance to disease), challenges due to its aggressive behaviour and limited information on its breeding behaviour have prevented a system from being developed for this species. The present study describes a breeding system, and the reproductive behaviour of this species under captive conditions. Six (1 male; 5 females) adult opossums were maintained and managed for breeding over a ten (10) month period. Pouch litter sizes averaged 5±2.5 with a range of 2 to 8. Gestation length was found to be 13.25±0.96 days and 4 litters (n=23) were successfully weaned at 11-13 weeks. It was found that the male D. m. insularis exhibits behaviours of interest that can serve as indicators for receptivity of the female, and overall, that this species can be successfully reared and bred under captive conditions in the neo-tropics.


Resumo O desenvolvimento de um sistema de criação em cativeiro para as espécies de gambá do Caribe amplamente caçadas, Didelphis marsupialis insularis, pode auxiliar bastante no manejo e conservação dessa espécie nos neotrópicos. Embora essa espécie possua características ideais para a criação em cativeiro nessa região (tolerância a altas temperaturas e umidade, alta taxa de reprodução e resistência a doenças), alguns fatores, como o seu comportamento agressivo e informações limitadas sobre seu comportamento reprodutivo, impediram o desenvolvimento de um sistema para D. m. insularis. O presente estudo descreve um sistema de criação e o comportamento reprodutivo dessa espécie em condições de cativeiro. Seis gambás adultos (1 macho e 5 fêmeas) foram mantidos para reprodução durante um período de 10 meses. O tamanho da ninhada em bolsa foi em média de 5 ± 2,5 com um intervalo de 2 a 8. A duração da gestação foi de 13,25 ± 0,96 dias, e 4 ninhadas (n = 23) foram desmamadas com sucesso de 11 a 13 semanas. Verificou-se que o macho D. m. insularis exibe comportamentos de interesse que podem servir como indicadores de receptividade da fêmea, e, em geral, essa espécie pode ser criada com sucesso em condições de cativeiro nos neotrópicos.

4.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e248493, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495164

RESUMO

Parasites of veterinary importance have been heavily focused on domesticated livestock that was introduced into the neo-tropics. The text used in the teaching parasitology to veterinary students in Trinidad has only investigated the parasites of domesticated species. In the reviewed veterinary parasitology text no mention was made on the parasites that affect wild neo-tropical animals. Information on wild neo-tropical animals had to be sourced from texts on the management of wild life animals in the Neotropics. The texts that were reviewed in this document spanned from the mid-1950s to 2020. The information presented in this review reveals the exhaustive work done on the parasites of domesticated species but also revealed little information on neo-tropical animals with the potential for domestication. In conclusion, this review reveals the gap of information that is missing from parasitology texts used in the teaching of veterinary students. In the future these parasitology texts can be revised to include chapters on the parasites of neo-tropical animals with the potential for domestication. At present students that graduate from the veterinary parasitology course has little information on the parasites of animals which are present in their 'backyards'.


Assuntos
Animais Selvagens , Educação em Veterinária , Animais , Humanos , Faculdades de Medicina Veterinária , Estudantes , Trinidad e Tobago , Universidades
5.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246780, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378684

RESUMO

Anthelmintic drugs have been used strategically in livestock reared in the tropics. These drugs have been used in the treatment of endoparasitism which have resulted in an increase in the animals' performance. The agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) is a neo-tropical rodent with the potential for domestication and has been farmed intensively in Trinidad. However, the objective of this research was to investigate the effect of anthelmintic use of the growth performance of the agouti. In searching the literature, it was found that this type of study on the agouti has not been done. In this experiment fourteen weaned agoutis weighing 1kg were divided into two groups randomly. The first group (T1) was not given any anthelmintic treatment but the second group (T2) was treated with Endovet Ces® subcutaneously every three months. There were no significant differences (p > 0.05) between the two groups in the carcass weight, weight gain, dressing percentage (hot and cold), heart, lungs, skin, head and feet. However, a significant difference (p < 0.05) was seen between groups in the weight of liver and pluck. To the authors knowledge this is the first time that carcass parameters has been presented in literature. The live weight of the animals at the end of the experiment ranged from 2.4 kg to 2.6 kg and animals had a dressing percentage of 57% to 55%. The results are suggestive that the use of anthelmintic drugs in agoutis reared intensively had no significant effect on weight gain and dressing percentage.


Assuntos
Anti-Helmínticos , Cuniculidae , Dasyproctidae , Animais , Roedores , Trinidad e Tobago
6.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e240724, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105649

RESUMO

Developing a captive breeding system for the widely hunted Caribbean species of opossum Didelphis marsupialis insularis can greatly aide in the management and conservation of this species in the neo-tropics. Although this species possesses ideal traits for captive breeding in this region (tolerance to high heat and humidity, high reproductive rate, and resistance to disease), challenges due to its aggressive behaviour and limited information on its breeding behaviour have prevented a system from being developed for this species. The present study describes a breeding system, and the reproductive behaviour of this species under captive conditions. Six (1 male; 5 females) adult opossums were maintained and managed for breeding over a ten (10) month period. Pouch litter sizes averaged 5±2.5 with a range of 2 to 8. Gestation length was found to be 13.25±0.96 days and 4 litters (n=23) were successfully weaned at 11-13 weeks. It was found that the male D. m. insularis exhibits behaviours of interest that can serve as indicators for receptivity of the female, and overall, that this species can be successfully reared and bred under captive conditions in the neo-tropics.


Assuntos
Didelphis , Comportamento Reprodutivo , Animais , Região do Caribe , Feminino , Tamanho da Ninhada de Vivíparos , Masculino , Gambás , Gravidez , Reprodução
7.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e237869, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105674

RESUMO

Reproductive diseases have been well documented in domestic livestock such as sheep, goat, cattle and pigs. However, there is very little information on these diseases in the agouti (Dasyprocta leporina). The agouti is used for its meat in South America and the Caribbean. More recently, intensive farming of this animal is being practiced in the Neotropics. There is dearth of information on dystocia and vaginal prolapses in the agouti. This document reports on three cases of reproductive diseases in captive reared agoutis in Trinidad and Tobago. The first case was a female agouti weighing approximately 3 kg that was in the last stage of pregnancy, which was found dead in its cage. The vulva of the mother had the protruding hind-limbs of the fetus. Necroscopic evaluation of carcass revealed little fat tissue and the mother had two fetuses in the right horn of the uterus. Each fetus weighed approximately 200 g. The fetuses were well formed with fur, teeth and eyes. The placenta was attached to each fetus. The pathological findings suggested that dystocia resulted from secondary uterine inertia which was the cause of death of the adult female agouti. The second case was that of an adult female agouti weighing 2.5 kg. This female had given birth to an offspring three weeks prior and was observed to have had a vaginal prolapse. Surgery was performed and the prolapsed vagina was placed back into the pelvic cavity. Further to this intervention, the vagina prolapsed twice. Subsequent to the re-insertion of the vaginal tissue the agouti was euthanized. The third case was also that of a dystocia. However, the fetuses weighed 235 g and 165 g respectively and were in normal presentation, posture and positioning. The fetus however was unable to pass via the vagina and was trapped in the pelvic cavity. This caused secondary uterine inertia which was the cause of death. The causes of reproductive diseases in these cases are unknown but the feeding management and space allowance given to the agouti in late gestation may be contributing factors.


Assuntos
Dasyproctidae , Animais , Região do Caribe , Bovinos , Feminino , Gravidez , Ovinos , América do Sul , Suínos , Trinidad e Tobago
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 80(3): 529-534, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132425

RESUMO

Abstract Wildlife rehabilitation facilities in the Caribbean region are limited, yet they can provide relevant information on wild populations. Didelphis marsupialis insularis is a popularly hunted, under-studied, neo-tropical marsupial species that is increasingly being admitted for rehabilitation. The aim of this study was 1. To record the experiences of rehabilitating D. marsupialis insularis in the neo-tropical island of Trinidad and Tobago and 2. To extract and highlight information on the biology of this opossum sub-species. Using admission records, obtained over a roughly four year period, two breeding periods (February to March and August to October) were illustrated. Litter sizes averaged five individuals, with a range of 1 to 8 young. This species was found to be common in urban areas of the country, with dog attacks reported as the major cause for admission. Thus the information recorded by this wildlife rehabilitation facility has provided great insight on the sparsely studied opossum, D. marsupialis insularis.


Resumo As instalações de reabilitação e assistência à vida selvagem na região neotropical do Caribe são limitadas, mas informações relevantes sobre populações selvagens podem ser obtidas nesses locais. Didelphis marsupialis insularis é uma espécie de marsupial neotropical, subestimada e popularmente caçada; no entanto, essa espécie está sendo cada vez mais admitida para a reabilitação. Os objetivos deste estudo foram: 1. Registrar as experiências de reabilitação de D. marsupialis insularis na ilha neotropical de Trinidad e Tobago; e 2. Extrair e destacar informações sobre a biologia dessa subespécie de gambá. Utilizando registros de admissão, obtidos ao longo de um período de aproximadamente quatro anos, foram mostrados dois períodos de reprodução, de fevereiro a março e de agosto a outubro. O tamanho da ninhada foi em média de cinco indivíduos, variando de um a oito jovens. Comumente encontrado em áreas urbanas do país, os ataques de cães foram relatados como a principal causa de internação dessa espécie. Assim, a informação registrada por essa instalação de reabilitação de vida selvagem forneceu uma grande visão sobre o gambá D. marsupialis insularis, que tem sido pouco estudado.

9.
Braz J Biol ; 80(3): 529-534, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576932

RESUMO

Wildlife rehabilitation facilities in the Caribbean region are limited, yet they can provide relevant information on wild populations. Didelphis marsupialis insularis is a popularly hunted, under-studied, neo-tropical marsupial species that is increasingly being admitted for rehabilitation. The aim of this study was 1. To record the experiences of rehabilitating D. marsupialis insularis in the neo-tropical island of Trinidad and Tobago and 2. To extract and highlight information on the biology of this opossum sub-species. Using admission records, obtained over a roughly four year period, two breeding periods (February to March and August to October) were illustrated. Litter sizes averaged five individuals, with a range of 1 to 8 young. This species was found to be common in urban areas of the country, with dog attacks reported as the major cause for admission. Thus the information recorded by this wildlife rehabilitation facility has provided great insight on the sparsely studied opossum, D. marsupialis insularis.


Assuntos
Mordeduras e Picadas , Didelphis , Animais , Animais Selvagens , Região do Caribe , Cães , Gambás , Trinidad e Tobago
10.
Braz. j. biol ; 78(3): 540-547, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-951574

RESUMO

Abstract The red-rumped agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) produces precocial young and is the most hunted and farmed game species in several Neotropical countries. An understanding of the reproductive biology, including the relationship between litter size and teat functionality is crucial for conservation management of this animal. In precocial mammals, as the red-rumped agouti, maintaining maternal contact to learn foraging patterns may be more important than the energy demands and nutritional constraints during lactation and suckling may not play important roles when compared to altricial mammals. Therefore, in this study we evaluated the relationship between mammary functionality with litter size, litter birth weight, and parturition number in captive red-rumped agouti. Functionality was assessed by manual palpation of teats from un-sedated females (N=43). We compared the average birth weight of all newborns, male newborns and female newborns among agoutis with different litter sizes and different parturitions by one way ANOVA's, while Pearson's Chi-squared tests were used to detect relationships between teat functionality, litter size, and parturition number. Parturition number had no effect on the mean birth weight of all young (F0.822, P > 0.05), male young (F0.80, P > 0.05) or female young (F0.66, P > 0.05) in the litters. We found (i) no significant correlations (P > 0.05) between teat functionality and litter size and (ii) no significant correlations (P > 0.05) between teat functionality and parturition number. This suggests that whilst all teat pairs were functional, functionality was a poor indicator of litter size; suggesting that female agouti young may not have a high dependency on maternal nutrition; an possible evolutionary strategy resulting in large wild populations; hence its popularity as a game species.


Resumo A cutia (Dasyprocta leporina) produz filhotes precoces, e é a espécie cinegética mais caçada e criada em muitos países neotropicais. O entendimento da biologia reprodutiva, incluindo a relação entre o tamanho da ninhada e a funcionalidade das glândulas mamárias é crucial para o manejo conservacionista deste animal. Nos mamíferos precoces, como a cutia, manter o contato materno para a aprendizagem de padrões de forrageamento pode ser mais importante do que a demanda energética e de restrição nutricional durante a lactação, e a amamentação pode não desempenhar um papel importante quando comparado aos mamíferos altriciais. Portanto, neste estudo nós avaliamos a relação entre a funcionalidade mamária com o tamanho da ninhada, peso ao nascer da ninhada, e o número de partos em cutias cativas. A funcionalidade foi avaliada por meio de palpação manual das glândulas mamárias em fêmeas não sedadas (N=43). Nós comparamos a média do peso ao nascer de todos os recém-nascidos, macho e fêmeas recém-nascidos entre cutias com diferentes tamanhos de ninhadas e diferentes parturições, por meio da análise one-way ANOVA unifatorial; enquanto o teste do chi-quadrado de Pearson foi utilizado para detectar as relações entre a funcionalidade da glândula mamária, o tamanho da ninhada e o número de partos. O número de partos teve efeito na média de peso ao nascer dos filhotes (F0,822, P > 0,05), filhotes machos (F0,80, P > 0,05) ou filhotes fêmeas (F0,66, P > 0,05) nas ninhadas. A análise bivariada de Pearson (i) não mostrou correlação (P > 0,05) entre a funcionalidade da glândula mamária e o tamanho da ninhada e (ii) nenhuma correlação significativa (P > 0,05) entre a funcionalidade da glândula mamária e o número de parições. Os resultados sugerem que, embora todos os pares de tetas fossem funcionais, as cutias recém-nascidas podem não depender da nutrição materna para sobreviver; .embora todos os pares de tetas sejam funcionais, as cutias recém nascidas aparentemente não dependem da nutrição materna para sua sobrevivência; esta é, provavelmente, uma estratégia evolutiva que resulta em grandes populações da cutia em vida livre; e que pode explicar sua popularidade como espécie cinegética


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez , Peso ao Nascer/fisiologia , Lactação/fisiologia , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Dasyproctidae , Tamanho da Ninhada de Vivíparos/fisiologia , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/fisiologia , Trinidad e Tobago , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Animais Lactentes
11.
Braz J Biol ; 78(3): 540-547, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29995115

RESUMO

The red-rumped agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) produces precocial young and is the most hunted and farmed game species in several Neotropical countries. An understanding of the reproductive biology, including the relationship between litter size and teat functionality is crucial for conservation management of this animal. In precocial mammals, as the red-rumped agouti, maintaining maternal contact to learn foraging patterns may be more important than the energy demands and nutritional constraints during lactation and suckling may not play important roles when compared to altricial mammals. Therefore, in this study we evaluated the relationship between mammary functionality with litter size, litter birth weight, and parturition number in captive red-rumped agouti. Functionality was assessed by manual palpation of teats from un-sedated females (N=43). We compared the average birth weight of all newborns, male newborns and female newborns among agoutis with different litter sizes and different parturitions by one way ANOVA's, while Pearson's Chi-squared tests were used to detect relationships between teat functionality, litter size, and parturition number. Parturition number had no effect on the mean birth weight of all young (F0.822, P > 0.05), male young (F0.80, P > 0.05) or female young (F0.66, P > 0.05) in the litters. We found (i) no significant correlations (P > 0.05) between teat functionality and litter size and (ii) no significant correlations (P > 0.05) between teat functionality and parturition number. This suggests that whilst all teat pairs were functional, functionality was a poor indicator of litter size; suggesting that female agouti young may not have a high dependency on maternal nutrition; an possible evolutionary strategy resulting in large wild populations; hence its popularity as a game species.


Assuntos
Peso ao Nascer/fisiologia , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Dasyproctidae , Lactação/fisiologia , Tamanho da Ninhada de Vivíparos/fisiologia , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/fisiologia , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Animais Lactentes , Feminino , Masculino , Gravidez , Trinidad e Tobago
12.
Anat Histol Embryol ; 41(5): 392-4, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22352811

RESUMO

The reproductive system of the male agouti is not well documented. This study describes the specific anatomical features of the free part of the penis occurring during penile erection in the agouti. Electro-ejaculation was used to induce erection in three male agoutis that had previously produced offspring. Results proved that there were four stages in the erection process. Stage 1 involved protrusion of the penis from the preputial orifice. The lateral penile cartilages were then spread (stage 2). During stage 3, there was the blooming of the head of the glans penis (penile flower) and eversion of the intromittent sac. The protrusion of the keratinaceous styles and ejaculation occurred during stage 4. This information could assist in semen collection for use in reproductive techniques for the agouti such as artificial insemination.


Assuntos
Ereção Peniana , Pênis/anatomia & histologia , Roedores/anatomia & histologia , Animais , Ejaculação , Estimulação Elétrica , Masculino , Roedores/fisiologia
13.
Vet Med Int ; 20102010 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20871831

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of semen extension and storage on forward progressive motility % (FPM%) in agouti semen. Three extenders were used; sterilized whole cow's milk (UHT Milk), unpasteurized (CW) and pasteurized coconut water (PCW), and diluted to 50, 100, 150, and 200 × 10(6) spermatozoa/ml. Experiment 1: 200 ejaculates were extended for liquid storage at 5(∘)C and evaluated every day for 5 days to determine FPM% and its rate of deterioration. Experiment 2: 150 ejaculates were extended for storage as frozen pellets in liquid nitrogen at -195(∘)C, thawed at 30(∘) to 70(∘)C for 20 to 50 seconds after 5 days and evaluated for FPM% and its rate of deterioration. Samples treated with UHT milk and storage at concentrations of 100 × 10(6) spermatozoa/ml produced the highest means for FPM% and the slowest rates of deterioration during Experiment 1. During Experiment 2 samples thawed at 30(∘)C for 20 seconds exhibited the highest means for FPM% (12.18 ± 1.33%), 85% rate of deterioration. However, samples were incompletely thawed. This was attributed to the diameter of the frozen pellets which was 1 cm. It was concluded that the liquid storage method was better for short term storage.

14.
Veterinary medicine international ; 2011: [1-5], Sep. 2010. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17637

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of semen extension and storage on forward progressive motility % (FPM%) in agouti semen. Three extenders were used; sterilized whole cow's milk (UHT Milk), unpasteurized (CW) and pasteurized coconut water (PCW), and diluted to 50, 100, 150, and 200 ž 10(6) spermatozoa/ml. Experiment 1: 200 ejaculates were extended for liquid storage at 5(∘)C and evaluated every day for 5 days to determine FPM% and its rate of deterioration. Experiment 2: 150 ejaculates were extended for storage as frozen pellets in liquid nitrogen at -195(∘)C, thawed at 30(∘) to 70(∘)C for 20 to 50 seconds after 5 days and evaluated for FPM% and its rate of deterioration. Samples treated with UHT milk and storage at concentrations of 100 ž 10(6) spermatozoa/ml produced the highest means for FPM% and the slowest rates of deterioration during Experiment 1. During Experiment 2 samples thawed at 30(∘)C for 20 seconds exhibited the highest means for FPM% (12.18 ñ 1.33%), 85% rate of deterioration. However, samples were incompletely thawed. This was attributed to the diameter of the frozen pellets which was 1 cm. It was concluded that the liquid storage method was better for short term storage.


Assuntos
Bovinos , Animais , Preservação do Sêmen , Substitutos do Leite Humano , Criopreservação , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides , Trinidad e Tobago
15.
Anat Histol Embryol ; 38(3): 204-7, 2009 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19007350

RESUMO

This study was a follow up to the study on the gross anatomy of the male agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) reproductive system. The seminal vesicles of the agouti are lobulated structures. The mean diameter of the large lumen is 883.6 +/- 76.83 microm. The mucosa (24.1 +/- 0.92 microm), which is lined by pseudo-stratified columnar epithelium is thrown into folds, which often branch. The lamina muscularis mucosa is thin and is made of loose connective tissue containing blood vessels. The mucosa of the leaf-like coagulating glands of the agouti is folded. The mean diameter of the lumen is 488.3 +/- 41.96 microm. The mucosa contains tubuloalveolar glands, which have a mean length of 199.5 +/- 28.83 microm. The thin epithelium, 15.0 +/- 1.25-microm wide, consists mostly of pseudo-stratified columnar cells. The epithelium also has surface modifications in the form of apical blebs and cilia. The epithelium of the agouti's lobulated prostate gland is also folded creating a large lumen with a mean diameter of 995.5 +/- 55.70 microm. The mucosa contains tubular and tubuloalveolar glands, each having a mean length of 134.4 +/- 13.59 microm. The epithelium (13.9 +/- 1.16 microm) consists of pseudo-stratified columnar cells. The pea-shaped bulbourethral gland (BG) of the agouti consists of convoluted tubular, mucous secretory units, which are irregularly shaped each with a mean length of 177.9 +/- 7.10 microm and a mean width of 63.5 +/- 3.97 microm. The BG of the agouti are ventro-lateral to the rectum and dorsally positioned to the pubic symphysis, and connected to the urethra by short ducts.


Assuntos
Genitália Masculina/anatomia & histologia , Roedores/anatomia & histologia , Animais , Glândulas Bulbouretrais/anatomia & histologia , Glândulas Bulbouretrais/ultraestrutura , Genitália Masculina/ultraestrutura , Masculino , Próstata/anatomia & histologia , Próstata/ultraestrutura , Glândulas Seminais/anatomia & histologia , Glândulas Seminais/ultraestrutura
16.
Animal reproduction science ; 108(1-2): 92-97, Oct 2008. tabilus
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17788

RESUMO

This study focused on the effectiveness of electro-ejaculation of the agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) and analysis of the collected semen. Sexually mature male agouti were anesthetized with ketamine and electro-ejaculated. The means of ejaculation time was 5.48+/-0.31min, ejaculation voltage was 9.33+/-0.69V, ejaculation voltage range was 6-12V, amps was 0.5-1.5amps, ejaculation volume was 0.47+/-0.12ml and pH was 8.3+/-0.09. Mean spermatozoa concentration, motility and percentage abnormalities were (106.7+/-31.1)x10(6)spermatozoa/ml, 50.44+/-4.44 per cent, and 35.14+/-2.76 per cent, respectively. Thirty percent of the semen samples collected contained spermatozoa. The most significant result from these experiments was the inverse relationship between ejaculation time and ejaculate volume, which suggests that the maximum ejaculation time for electro-ejaculation of the agouti should not proceed beyond 6min. Secondly, the results indicate that the time of the off periods should be shortened to 3-4s.


Assuntos
Animais , Ejaculação , Trinidad e Tobago
17.
Animal reproduction science ; 105(3-4): 378-383, May 2008. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17789

RESUMO

This study was conducted to identify the levels of fructose and citric acid, and sperm morphologies in agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) semen. These parameters may be important in identifying highly fertile semen from the agouti. The objectives were: (1) to investigate spermatozoal abnormalities in agouti semen and (2) to determine the concentrations of seminal fructose and citric acid in agouti semen samples. Semen samples were collected from 16 anaesthetised male agouti by electro-ejaculation. Fructose and citric acid concentrations were 256.86+/-63.54 mg/dl and 1877+/-147 mg/dl, respectively, measured with ELISA kits. Sperm morphologies, examined using eosin-negrosin staining, showed 11 morphologies. The most abundant (68.5 per cent) sperm morphology (M1) showed no known sperm defects. Means for head, mid piece, tail and total length of the agouti spermatozoa was 5.23+/-0.04 microm, 5.18+/-0.08 microm, 37.52+/-0.24 microm and 47.96+/-0.25 microm, respectively for M1 sperm. The means of spermatozoa head and mid piece width and semen volume were 3.26+/-0.04 microm, 0.70+/-0.02 microm and 0.47+/-0.16 ml, respectively. It was concluded that as the fructose concentration in agouti ejaculate increased the percentage of spermatozoa with known spermatozoa defects increased (r=0.506; P<0.037; n=32). It is suggested that the M1 sperm could be the most competitive spermatozoa in agouti ejaculate. In conclusion standards for identifying fertile agouti semen were established.


Assuntos
Animais , Sêmen , Espermatozoides , Frutose , Ácido Cítrico , Trinidad e Tobago
18.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 108(1-2): 92-7, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17889458

RESUMO

This study focused on the effectiveness of electro-ejaculation of the agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) and analysis of the collected semen. Sexually mature male agouti were anesthetized with ketamine and electro-ejaculated. The means of ejaculation time was 5.48+/-0.31min, ejaculation voltage was 9.33+/-0.69V, ejaculation voltage range was 6-12V, amps was 0.5-1.5amps, ejaculation volume was 0.47+/-0.12ml and pH was 8.3+/-0.09. Mean spermatozoa concentration, motility and percentage abnormalities were (106.7+/-31.1)x10(6)spermatozoa/ml, 50.44+/-4.44%, and 35.14+/-2.76%, respectively. Thirty percent of the semen samples collected contained spermatozoa. The most significant result from these experiments was the inverse relationship between ejaculation time and ejaculate volume, which suggests that the maximum ejaculation time for electro-ejaculation of the agouti should not proceed beyond 6min. Secondly, the results indicate that the time of the off periods should be shortened to 3-4s.


Assuntos
Ejaculação/fisiologia , Roedores/fisiologia , Animais , Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Masculino , Sêmen/fisiologia
19.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 105(3-4): 378-83, 2008 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17919856

RESUMO

This study was conducted to identify the levels of fructose and citric acid, and sperm morphologies in agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) semen. These parameters may be important in identifying highly fertile semen from the agouti. The objectives were: (1) to investigate spermatozoal abnormalities in agouti semen and (2) to determine the concentrations of seminal fructose and citric acid in agouti semen samples. Semen samples were collected from 16 anaesthetised male agouti by electro-ejaculation. Fructose and citric acid concentrations were 256.86+/-63.54 mg/dl and 1877+/-147 mg/dl, respectively, measured with ELISA kits. Sperm morphologies, examined using eosin-negrosin staining, showed 11 morphologies. The most abundant (68.5%) sperm morphology (M1) showed no known sperm defects. Means for head, mid piece, tail and total length of the agouti spermatozoa was 5.23+/-0.04 microm, 5.18+/-0.08 microm, 37.52+/-0.24 microm and 47.96+/-0.25 microm, respectively for M1 sperm. The means of spermatozoa head and mid piece width and semen volume were 3.26+/-0.04 microm, 0.70+/-0.02 microm and 0.47+/-0.16 ml, respectively. It was concluded that as the fructose concentration in agouti ejaculate increased the percentage of spermatozoa with known spermatozoa defects increased (r=0.506; P<0.037; n=32). It is suggested that the M1 sperm could be the most competitive spermatozoa in agouti ejaculate. In conclusion standards for identifying fertile agouti semen were established.


Assuntos
Ácido Cítrico/metabolismo , Frutose/metabolismo , Roedores/fisiologia , Sêmen/fisiologia , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Animais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária , Masculino , Roedores/metabolismo , Sêmen/citologia , Sêmen/metabolismo , Espermatozoides/citologia , Espermatozoides/metabolismo
20.
Tunapuna; Gloria V. Ferguson; 1992. [6],267 p. ilus.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-16594
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