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1.
J Chem Phys ; 152(4): 041105, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007030

RESUMO

The C2 carbon cluster is found in a large variety of environments including flames, electric discharges, and astrophysical media. Due to spin-selection rules, assessing a complete overview of the dense vibronic landscape of the C2 + cation starting from the ground electronic state X Σg+1 of the neutral is not possible, especially since the C2 + ground state is of X+ Σg-4 symmetry. In this work, a flow-tube reactor source is employed to generate the neutral C2 in a mixture of both the lowest singlet X Σg+1 and triplet a 3Πu electronic states. We have investigated the vibronic transitions in the vicinity of the first adiabatic ionization potential via one-photon ionization with vacuum ultraviolet synchrotron radiation coupled with electron/ion double imaging techniques. Using ab initio calculations and Franck-Condon simulations, three electronic transitions are identified and their adiabatic ionization energy is determined Ei(a+ 2Πu←X 1Σg +)=12.440(10) eV, Ei(X+ 4Σg -←a 3Πu)=11.795(10) eV, and Ei(a+2Πu ← a3Πu) = 12.361(10) eV. From the three origin bands, the following energy differences are extracted: ΔE(a - X) = 0.079(10) eV and ΔE(a+ - X+) = 0.567(10) eV. The adiabatic ionization potential corresponding to the forbidden one-photon transition X+ ← X is derived and amounts to 11.873(10) eV, in very good agreement with the most recent measurement by Krechkivska et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 144, 144305 (2016)]. The enthalpy of formation of the doublet ground state C2 + cation in the gas phase is determined at 0 K, ΔfH0(0K)(C2 +(Πu2))=2019.9(10) kJ mol-1. In addition, we report the first experimental ion yield of C2 for which only a simple estimate was used up to now in the photochemistry models of astrophysical media due to the lack of experimental data.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(4): 1974-1982, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932822

RESUMO

Vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photoionization and dissociative photoionization of NO2 in the 10.0-15.5 eV energy range have been investigated in detail by using high-resolution double imaging photoelectron photoion coincidence (i2PEPICO) at synchrotron SOLEIL. Five low-lying electronic states of the NO2+ cation, X1Σg+, a3B2, b3A2, A1A2 and B1B2, are prepared with well-resolved vibronic structures and their state-specific dissociation mechanisms are unraveled and discussed. The present experimental results clarify that except the X1Σg+ ground electronic state and the first three vibrational levels of the a3B2 electronic state, the other cationic states of NO2+ within the present energy range are totally dissociative towards the NO+(X1Σ+) + O(3P) and/or NO+(X1Σ+) + O(1D) dissociation limits. An energy barrier exists along the direct dissociation route of the a3B2 state, and the b3A2 electronic state is a quasi-bound state with a very shallow well, both of which adiabatically correlate to the NO+(X1Σ+) + O(3P) dissociation limit. The a3B2 state mainly with bending vibration excitations undergoes a non-adiabatic transition to the 23A''(3B1) repulsive state along its bending potential energy curve and then predissociates into the NO+(X1Σ+) + O(3P) products. Our experimental results firstly demonstrate that the NO+(X1Σ+, v) fragment ions produced from individual vibronic levels of the dissociative NO2+(a3B2, b3A2) states are produced at the v = 0 ground vibrational level with a high rotational population due to the excitation of the vibrational bending mode of NO2+ and the associated imparted torque upon dissociation. The slower predissociations of the A1A2 and B1B2 electronic states via their spin-orbit couplings with the repulsive 23A''(3B1) state produce the NO+(X1Σ+) and O(3P) fragments with a long vibrational progression. In addition, the B1B2 state can also undergo a radiationless transition such as internal conversion into the hot X1Σg+ state and then dissociate into the second dissociation channel correlated to the NO+(X1Σ+) and O(1D) products.

3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(3): 1222-1241, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31850421

RESUMO

Through the use of tunable vacuum ultraviolet light generated by the DESIRS VUV synchrotron beamline, a jet-stirred reactor was coupled for the first time to an advanced photoionization mass spectrometer based upon a double imaging PhotoElectron PhotoIon COincidence (i2PEPICO) scheme. This new coupling was used to investigate the low-temperature oxidation of n-pentane, a prototype molecule for gasoline or diesel fuels. Experiments were performed under quasi-atmospheric pressure (1.1 bar) with a residence time of 3 s for two equivalence ratios (1/3 and 0.5) with a fuel initial mole fraction of 0.01. The measured time-of-flight mass spectra are in good agreement with those previously obtained with other photoionization mass spectrometers and, like those previous ones, display several m/z peaks for which the related species assignation is ambiguous. This paper shows how the analysis of the coincident mass-tagged Threshold PhotoElectron Spectra (TPES) together with first principle computations, consisting of the determination of the adiabatic ionization energies and the spectra of some products, may assist products' identification. The results mostly confirm those previously obtained by photoionization mass spectrometry and gas chromatography, but also allow a more accurate estimation of the 1-pentene/2-pentene mole fraction ratio. Our data also indicate a higher formation of acetone and methyl ethyl ketone than what is predicted by current models, as well as the presence of products that were not previously taken into account, such as methoxyacetylene, methyl vinyl ketone or furanone. The formation of three, four and five membered ring cyclic ethers is confirmed along with linear ketones: 2- and 3-pentanone. A significant general trend in indicating higher amounts of ketones than are indicated by gas chromatography is noted. Finally, TPES of alkenylhydroperoxides are also provided for the first time and constrains on the isomers identification are provided.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(46): 25907-25915, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742264

RESUMO

We present the absolute photoionization cross-section of the mercapto radical, SH, recorded from its first ionization energy at 10.4 eV up to a photon energy of 15 eV. The absolute scale was calibrated at the fixed photon energy of 11.2 eV using the known values of H2S and S as references. SH and S were produced in a microwave discharge flow-tube reactor by hydrogen abstraction of the H2S precursor. The measured photoionization cross-section of SH dramatically differs from the one currently employed to model the presence of this species in a number of astronomical environments, where SH along with its ionic counterpart SH+ have been detected. The cation spectroscopy and fragmentation of H2S, SH and S in the 9.2-15.0 eV energy range obtained using threshold photoelectron techniques is also presented and discussed in the context of existing literature.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(48): 26430-26437, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774088

RESUMO

We explore the influence of the relative position of the methyl substituent on the photophysics of theophylline and theobromine, two molecules that are structurally related to the DNA bases. Using a combination of spectroscopic techniques and quantum mechanical calculations, we show that moving the methyl group from N1 in theophylline to N7 in theobromine causes significant differences in their excited state properties, i.e., it produces pyramidalization of N7 in the excited state of the latter. Paradoxically, this modification seems to have little effect on the structural properties of the cation and the ionization process. It is suggested that similar effects may exist in the excited state properties of DNA bases.


Assuntos
Teobromina/química , Teofilina/química , Xantinas/química , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Espectrofotometria
6.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(42): 9193-9198, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556614

RESUMO

We report on the photoionization of the resonance-stabilized anilino radical (C6H5NH) formed by H atom abstraction from aniline by F atoms in a flow tube. The spectra were recorded from 7.8 to 9.7 eV by using a double-imaging photoelectron/photoion coincidence spectrometer with VUV radiation provided by the DESIRS beamline at the SOLEIL synchrotron. The vibrationally resolved recorded threshold photoelectron spectrum of the anilino radical showed transitions to the ground X+1A' ← X2A″ and first excited states a+3A″ ← X2A″ of the cation, which were assigned through comparison with theoretically simulated spectra, yielding an adiabatic ionization energy of 8.02 ± 0.02 eV. These results are discussed in light of existing data on the picolyl structural isomers and are of interest for the analytical applications of coincidence techniques in real-time combustion analysis where these intermediates are found.

7.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 117(5): e505-e508, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560501

RESUMO

WAGR syndrome (Wilms tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies and mental retardation) is an uncommon genetic disorder due to the deletion of the 11p13 region that contains the WT1 and PAX6 genes. It involves a distinctive combination of clinical conditions, with aniridia and Wilms tumor being the most notable. We present a 17-month-old infant with microcephaly, ocular alterations (buphthalmos, leukocoria, bilateral aniridia), scrotal hypoplasia, undescended testes and neurodevelopmental delay who underwent multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification study for WT1, showing haploinsufficiency in the probes that hybridize to the 11p13 region, compatible with an heterozygous deletion of the gene. Wilms tumor was later diagnosed. WAGR syndrome is infrequent; its report in Latin America is low. It is important to disseminate its clinical characteristics, emphasizing an interdisciplinary management focused on the early identification of both the syndrome and its possible complications.

8.
J Chem Phys ; 150(24): 244304, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255091

RESUMO

We report the vacuum-ultraviolet threshold-photoelectron spectrum of HC5N recorded over a wide spectral range, from 84 000 to 120 000 cm-1, with a 120 cm-1 spectral resolution, better than what was achieved in previous photoelectron studies, and with mass selectivity. The adiabatic ionization potential of cyanobutadiyne is measured at 85 366 (±40) cm-1. Assignment of the vibrational bands of the four lowest electronic states X+2Π, A+2Π, B+2Σ+, and C+2Π are performed, supported by high level ab initio calculations which are fully detailed in Paper II [B. Gans et al., J. Chem. Phys. 150, 244303 (2019)] and by Franck-Condon simulations. Only vibrational stretching modes are observed in the threshold-photoelectron spectra. The ground state of HC5N+ exhibits a vibrational progression in the ν2 stretching mode involving mainly the elongation of the C≡C triple bonds, whereas the A+ and C+ excited electronic states show a progression in the stretching mode mainly associated with the elongation of the C≡N bond, i.e., ν4 and ν3, respectively. The B+ state appears almost as a vibrationless structure in close vicinity to the A+ state.

9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(24): 12763-12766, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31179449

RESUMO

We present the photoelectron spectroscopy of the simplest Criegee intermediate, CH2OO, close to the first ionization energy. Comparison with existing theoretical data yields the experimental adiabatic ionization energy and provides a benchmark for theoretical studies on larger Criegee intermediates, which play an important role in the ozonolysis of alkenes.

10.
Front Chem ; 7: 222, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032247

RESUMO

Photoelectron/photoion imaging spectrometry employing dispersed VUV radiation from the SOLEIL synchrotron has been used to study the predissociation of N2 + states located up to 1.3 eV above the ion's first dissociation limit. Branching ratios for unimolecular decay into either N2 + or N+ were obtained by measuring coincidences between threshold electrons and mass-selected product ions, using a supersonic beam of either 14N2 or 15N2 as photoionization target. The results confirm that predissociation of the C 2 Σ u + state of 14N2 + is faster than emission to the electronic ground-state by a factor 10 or more for all vibrational levels v' ≥ 3, while for 15N2 + the two decay modes have comparable probabilities for the levels v' = 3, 4, and 5. In contrast, no significant isotope effect could be observed for the other states of N2 + identified in the photoelectron spectrum. For both 14N2 + and 15N2 + isotopologues all vibrational levels of these other states decay to an extent of at least 95% by predissociation.

11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(1): 52-55, feb. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-983780

RESUMO

La leucodistrofia metacromática es una enfermedad autosómi-ca recesiva poco común ocasionada por el déficit de la enzima lisosomal arilsulfatasa A, el cual provoca una desmielinización progresiva con manifestaciones neurológicas subsecuentes. Dentro de sus formas de manifestación, la infantil tardía es la de peor pronóstico. La resonancia magnética juega un papel importante en la caracterización de anormalidades subyacentes, lo que permite descartar otras afecciones clínicas y aproximar un diagnóstico, que, posteriormente, es confirmado mediante los análisis moleculares apropiados. Dado el escaso conocimiento de esta enfermedad, sumado a un curso clínico generalmente fatal, se hace fundamental una identificación temprana y precisa con el fin de iniciar un manejo paliativo y asesoría genética. Se presenta a una paciente femenina de 24 meses de edad con historia de retardo psicomotor y hallazgos imagenológicos compatibles con leucodistrofia. Los estudios enzimáticos y moleculares confirmaron el diagnóstico de leu-codistrofia metacromática infantil tardía.


Metachromatic leukodystrophy is an uncommon autosomal recessive disease caused by the deficiency of the arylsulfatase A lysosomal enzyme, which causes a progressive demyelin-ation with subsequent neurological manifestations. Between its manifestation forms, the one presenting in late childhood has the worst prognosis. Magnetic resonance plays an important role in the characterization of underlying abnormalities, which makes it possible to rule out other clinical conditions and approximate a diagnosis that is later confirmed by the appropriate molecular studies. Given the limited knowledge of the condition, coupled with a generally fatal clinical course, an early and accurate identification is fundamental in order to start palliative management and genetic counseling. A 24 months old female patient with psychomotor retardation history and imaging findings compatible with leukodystrophy is presented. Enzymatic and molecular studies confirmed a diagnosis of late childhood metachromatic leukodystrophy.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Pediatria , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Cerebrosídeo Sulfatase , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Leucodistrofia Metacromática
12.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 117(1): e52-e55, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30652456

RESUMO

Metachromatic leukodystrophy is an uncommon autosomal recessive disease caused by the deficiency of the arylsulfatase A lysosomal enzyme, which causes a progressive demyelin-ation with subsequent neurological manifestations. Between its manifestation forms, the one presenting in late childhood has the worst prognosis. Magnetic resonance plays an important role in the characterization of underlying abnormalities, which makes it possible to rule out other clinical conditions and approximate a diagnosis that is later confirmed by the appropriate molecular studies. Given the limited knowledge of the condition, coupled with a generally fatal clinical course, an early and accurate identification is fundamental in order to start palliative management and genetic counseling. A 24 months old female patient with psychomotor retardation history and imaging findings compatible with leukodystrophy is presented. Enzymatic and molecular studies confirmed a diagnosis of late childhood metachromatic leukodystrophy.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(5): 2337-2344, 2019 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30656348

RESUMO

The photoelectron spectrum of the X1Σ+ → X+2Σ+ ionizing transition of hydrogen isocyanide (HNC) is measured for the first time at a fixed photon energy (13 eV). The assignment of the spectrum is supported by wave-packet calculations simulating the photoionization transition spectrum and using ab initio calculations of the potential energy surfaces for the three lowest electronic states of the cation. The photoelectron spectrum allows the retrieval of the fundamental of the CN stretching mode of the cationic ground state ([small nu, Greek, tilde]3 = 2260 ± 80 cm-1) and the adiabatic ionization energy of hydrogen isocyanide: IE(HNC) = 12.011 ± 0.010 eV, which is far below that of HCN (IE(HCN) = 13.607 eV). In light of this latter result, the thermodynamics of the HCN+/HNC+ isomers is discussed and a short summary of the values available in the literature is given.

15.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(20): 5921-5925, 2018 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30234995

RESUMO

Diborenes, R-BB-R', are of current interest in inorganic chemistry because they offer the opportunity to tune the properties of a biradical by modifying the substituents of the diborene parent, HBBH. Here we synthesize the elusive diborene by H atom abstraction from diborane, B2H6, using fluorine atoms and report a vibrationally resolved photoelectron spectrum of the HBBH biradical. The spectrum is interpreted by comparison with high-level ab initio computations, taking into account the Renner-Teller splitting in the X+ 2Π ionic ground state, which show an excellent agreement with the experimental spectrum. An adiabatic ionization energy of 9.080 ± 0.015 eV was determined, and a vibrational progression in the boron-boron stretching vibration of 0.14 eV is visible. This is due to the reduction of bond order upon ionization, accompanied by an increase of the computed boron-boron bond length, RBB, from 1.514 to 1.606 Å.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(32): 20756-20765, 2018 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29989120

RESUMO

Adenine, a DNA base, exists as several tautomers and isomers that are closely lying in energy and that may form a mixture upon vaporization of solid adenine. Indeed, it is challenging to bring adenine into the gas phase, especially as a unique tautomer. The experimental conditions were tuned to prepare a jet-cooled canonical adenine (9H-adenine). This isolated DNA base was ionized by single VUV photons from a synchrotron beamline and the corresponding slow photoelectron spectrum was compared to ab initio computations of the neutral and ionic species. We report the vibronic structure of the X+ 2A'' (D0), A+ 2A' (D1) and B+ 2A'' (D2) electronic states of the 9H adenine cation, from the adiabatic ionization energy (AIE) up to AIE + 1.8 eV. Accurate AIEs are derived for the 9H-adenine (X[combining tilde] 1A') + hν → 9H-adenine+ (X+ 2A'', A+ 2A', B+ 2A'') + e- transitions. Close to the AIE, we fully assign the rich vibronic structure solely to the 9H-adenine (X 1A') + hν → 9H-adenine+ (X+ 2A'') transition. Importantly, we show that the lowest cationic electronic states of canonical adenine are coupled vibronically. The present findings are important for understanding the effects of ionizing radiation and the charge distribution on this elementary building block of life, at ultrafast, short, and long timescales.


Assuntos
Adenina/química , Cátions , Isomerismo , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Transição de Fase , Processos Fotoquímicos , Fenômenos Físicos , Teoria Quântica , Termodinâmica
17.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(17): 11730-11739, 2018 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29687125

RESUMO

A combined theoretical and experimental approach has been used to investigate the binding energy of a ruthenium metalloporphyrin ligated with CO, ruthenium tetraphenylporphyrin [RuII TPP], in the RuII oxidation degree. Measurements performed with VUV ionization using the DESIRS beamline at Synchrotron SOLEIL led to adiabatic ionization energies of [RuII TPP] and its complex with CO, [RuII TPP-CO], of 6.48 ± 0.03 eV and 6.60 ± 0.03 eV, respectively, while the ion dissociation threshold of [RuII TPP-CO]+ is measured to be 8.36 ± 0.03 eV using the ground-state neutral complex. These experimental data are used to derive the binding energies of the CO ligand in neutral and cationic complexes (1.88 ± 0.06 eV and 1.76 ± 0.06 eV, respectively) using a Born-Haber cycle. Density functional theory calculations, in very satisfactory agreement with the experimental results, help to get insights into the metal-ligand bond. Notably, the high ligation energies can be rationalized in terms of the ruthenium orbital structure, which is singular compared to that of the iron atom. Thus, beyond indications of a strengthening of the Ru-CO bond due to the decrease in the CO vibrational frequency in the complex as compared to the Fe-CO bond, high-level calculations are essential to accurately describe the metal ligand (CO) bond and show that the Ru-CO bond energy is strongly affected by the splitting of triplet and singlet spin states in uncomplexed [Ru TPP].

18.
J Chem Phys ; 148(12): 124309, 2018 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29604849

RESUMO

The double imaging photoelectron photoion coincidence technique has been applied to investigate the dissociation of state-selected O2+(32Πu, c4Σu-) ions at hv = 25.4 eV. It is shown that the O2+ ions prepared in the 32Πu inner-valence state can dissociate toward two channels where a distinct changeover from the third dissociation limit O(3P) + O+(2D) to the fifth limit O(3P) + O+(2P) is observed at a binding energy of ∼23.8 eV. Up to four dissociation limits have been identified in the dissociation of the v = 0 vibrational level of the c4Σu- electronic state, and in particular, the products toward the third limit with a very weak intensity are definitely identified and assigned. In addition, the individual contributions of the two superimposed 32Πu and c4Σu- states to the fifth dissociation limit are clearly separated and determined for the first time. The anisotropy parameters of the O+ fragment ion toward different dissociation limits have also been measured and exhibit specific state-selected characteristics. The dissociation mechanisms of the 32Πu and c4Σu- states including predissociation and tunneling motion are proposed based on the present experimental results and the existing theoretical potential energy curves.

19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(13): 8707-8718, 2018 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29537039

RESUMO

We present the photoelectron spectra of C3Hx (x = 0-3) formed in a microwave discharge flow-tube reactor by consecutive H abstractions from C3H4 (C3Hx + F → C3Hx-1 + HF (x = 1-4)), but also from F + CH4 schemes by secondary reactions. The spectra were obtained combining tunable VUV synchrotron radiation with double imaging electron/ion coincidence techniques, yielding mass-selected threshold photoelectron spectra. The obtained results complement not only existing ones, but for the first time the photoelectron spectra of C3, cyclic and linear C3H (c,l-C3H) as well as of the excited states of C3H3 are reported. In the case of c-C3H, l,t-C3H2 and C3H3, Franck-Condon simulations have been performed in order to assign the vibrational structure. The adiabatic ionization energies of these radicals are reported and compared to ab initio calculated values as well as to theoretical values using known enthalpies of formation.

20.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 23: 14-20, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29471046

RESUMO

The multiple, wide and diverse etiologies of congenital microcephaly are complex and multifactorial. Recent advances in genetic testing have improved understanding of novel genetic causes of congenital microcephaly. The recent Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic in Latin America has highlighted the need for a better understanding of the underlying pathological mechanisms of microcephaly including both infectious and non-infectious causes. The diagnostic approach to microcephaly needs to include potential infectious and genetic etiologies, as well as environmental in-utero exposures such as alcohol, toxins, and medications. Emerging genetic alterations linked to microcephaly include abnormal mitotic microtubule spindle structure and abnormal function of centrosomes. We discuss the diagnostic challenge of congenital microcephaly in the context of understanding the links with ZIKV emergence as a new etiological factor involved in this birth defect.


Assuntos
Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa , Microcefalia/etiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/congênito , Infecção por Zika virus/complicações , Epidemias , Feminino , Humanos , América Latina , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia , Zika virus , Infecção por Zika virus/epidemiologia
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