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1.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386660

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Due to COVID-19, innovative, virtual educational methods are being developed to provide students with learning experiences comparable to established clinical practices. Our objective was to produce the Periodontal Senior Case Clinical Challenge (PSCCC) that would provide fourth-year students an alternative for senior case presentations and would be a formative assessment for which student opinions would be provided and analysed. The PSCCC would utilise an online, case-based, written, clinical assessment and follow-up, structured discussion to challenge students to demonstrate ability to apply didactic periodontal knowledge to patient-based experiences. We hypothesised the PSCCC would provide effective learning and a formative assessment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant didactic resources were distributed to 48 students for independent review. The PSCCC was delivered in two sections, (1) a case-based assessment via a virtual classroom with written student responses, and (2) oral discussions conducted via virtual meetings that were moderated and assessed by ten periodontists, with the collaboration of nine residents. A voluntary six-statement survey was used to evaluate the students' opinions of the PSCCC. The scores for 75% (36/48) of students who participated were evaluated for statistical and clinical importance. RESULTS: The value of our PSCCC was supported by 91.7% (33/36) of the analyses (p < .0008). DISCUSSION: The PSCCC was a successful alternative pathway to assess students' clinical and didactic integrated knowledge in periodontics. It provided a unified vision of treatment of the selected case, building on all aspects of the students' periodontal education whilst allowing interaction in a simultaneous, three-tiered educational approach, involving dental students, periodontal residents and faculty. CONCLUSION: In support of our hypothesis, for each of the 6 statements, ≥94.44% (34/36) of the scores given by the students were considered exceptionally strong clinical support for our pedagogical strategy that combines educational resources and can be successfully implemented in other programmes.

3.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 20(1): 101342, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381403

RESUMO

ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Serum vitamin D levels and chronic periodontitis in adult, Caucasian population-a systematic review. Peric M, Cavallier E, Toma S, Lasserre JF. J Periodontal Res 2018; 53:645-56. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Information not available/none declared. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Adulto , Humanos , Vitamina D
4.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 17(4): 339-347, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093613

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of SmartMouth Clinical DDS compared with 0.12% chlorhexidine and placebo mouthrinses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-six subjects with gingivitis or chronic periodontitis were enrolled in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical study. Examinations included Gingival Index (GI), Bleeding Score (BS), Plaque Index (PI), Tooth Stain Index (TSI), and Calculus Index (CI). Subjects were given a prophylaxis and oral hygiene instructions at the time of enrolment. Subjects were assigned to one of three groups: SmartMouth Clinical DDS (SM), 0.12% chlorhexidine (CHX), or placebo (PL). Subjects were examined at 3 and 6 weeks. Data were evaluated as differences from baseline for each group. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), t tests or non-parametric alternatives were used to analyse data. RESULTS: The GI, BS and PI decreases from baseline were statistically significant at both 3 and 6 weeks for all three groups (p ≤ 0.025). Differences between groups were not statistically significant, except that the PI decrease for CHX was significantly greater than PL at 6 weeks (p = 0.048). At 6 weeks there was a statistically significant increase in TSI for CHX (p ≤ 0.001). CI decreased significantly for all groups at 3 weeks (p ≤ 0.004) and for PL at 6 weeks (p ˂ 0.001). At 3 weeks and 6 weeks, the percentages for compliance were significantly higher for SM and PL than for CHX (p ˂ 0.001). SM had less taste alteration reported than CHX (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: While all three groups were shown to improve GI, BS and PI scores; non-prescription SM resulted in less taste alteration, less tooth stain and better compliance than CHX.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Clorexidina , Índice de Placa Dentária , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Antissépticos Bucais
5.
J Dent Educ ; 81(9): 1062-1067, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28864787

RESUMO

If a dental student diagnoses a patient in a dental school clinic as being at high risk of prediabetes or diabetes, the patient should be referred to his or her physician for further diagnostic evaluation, and the physician should send back the evaluation results so that the dental team can optimize treatment and health care choices if the diagnosis is confirmed. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate physicians' responses to written and oral requests for information regarding follow-up diabetes testing. A secondary aim was to evaluate patients' compliance with recommendations to seek medical care after being determined to be at high risk of prediabetes or diabetes in the dental clinic. Based on at least one positive risk factor for diabetes, 74 patients in one U.S. dental school's clinic were screened by third- and fourth-year dental students for prediabetes or diabetes and underwent point of care HbA1C (glycalated hemoglobin) blood tests between June 2014 and June 2015. Patients with an HbA1C value of 5.7% or above were referred to their physicians for follow-up testing. The physician was mailed the patient's HIPAA release and a request for updates to the student regarding the patient's diabetes status. If the physician did not provide the requested information, a dental student telephoned him or her to obtain the patient's diabetes status. Of the 74 patients, 34 (46%) tested positive with HbA1C tests and were referred to their physicians. Of those 34 referred patients, 20 (59%) saw their physicians for additional evaluations within six months of referral. None of the 20 physicians responded to the written requests for information on additional diabetes testing. After one or two telephone requests, all 20 physicians provided the test results. This study found that most of the patients (59%) followed their dental practitioner's advice to seek follow-up care with their physician, supporting the value of conducting these tests in a dental clinic. However, the results also suggested that a single written request may be insufficient to prompt physicians to return those results and that follow-up communication in a phone call may be more effective.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Médicos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Clínicas Odontológicas , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cooperação do Paciente , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Instituições Acadêmicas , Faculdades de Odontologia
6.
Implant Dent ; 24(2): 185-91, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25706268

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the survival rate of short implants that were placed in a residency program. In addition, the potential influence of diabetes, smoking, sinus grafting, guided bone regeneration, and implant type on survival was analyzed. METHODS: Through a retrospective chart review, patient information and parameters for short implants being equal or less than 10 mm and regular implants being more than 10 mm were collected. The cumulative survival rate and implant and patient information from 213 consecutively placed implants from May 2002 through October 2011 were analyzed. RESULTS: The average survival time for short implants was 47.3 months, with a range of 6 to 141 months. The implant survival rate was 95.77% for short implants, which was not statistically significant from the regular implants. Smoking had a statistically significant negative effect on the survival rate of short implants. No statistical differences were found with implant survival rates for other factors. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that short implants can be predictably placed in the mouth with a high survival rate and that smoking has a negative influence on the survival rate of the short implants.


Assuntos
Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea/métodos , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Complicações do Diabetes/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo
8.
J Periodontol ; 82(1): 25-32, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20809866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A previous study reported by this group found that patients in periodontal maintenance programs taking vitamin D and calcium supplementation had a trend for better periodontal health compared to patients not taking supplementation. The objective of the present study is to determine, for the same cohort of subjects, whether such differences persist over a 1-year period. METHODS: Fifty-one patients enrolled in maintenance programs from two dental clinics were recruited. Of these, 23 were taking vitamin D (≥400 IU/day) and calcium (≥1,000 mg/day) supplementation, and 28 were not. All subjects had at least two interproximal sites with ≥3 mm clinical attachment loss. For mandibular-posterior teeth, gingival index, plaque index, probing depth, attachment loss, bleeding on probing, calculus index, and furcation involvement were evaluated. Photostimulable-phosphor, posterior bitewing radiographs were taken to assess alveolar bone. Daily vitamin D and calcium intakes were estimated by nutritional analysis. Data were collected at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. RESULTS: Total daily calcium and vitamin D intakes were 1,769 mg (95% confidence interval, 1,606 to 1,933) and 1,049 IU (781 to 1,317) in the taker group, and 642 mg (505 to 779) and 156 IU (117 to 195) in the non-taker group, respectively (P <0.001 for both). Clinical parameters of periodontal health improved with time in both groups (P <0.001). When clinical measures were considered collectively, the differences between supplement takers and non-takers had the following P values: baseline (P = 0.061); 6 months (P = 0.049); and 12 months (P = 0.114). After adjusting for covariates, the P values for the effect of supplementation were as follows: baseline (P = 0.028); 6 months (P = 0.034); and 12 months (P = 0.058). CONCLUSIONS: Calcium and vitamin D supplementation (≤1,000 IU/day) had a modest positive effect on periodontal health, and consistent dental care improved clinical parameters of periodontal disease regardless of such supplements. Our findings support the possibility that vitamin D may positively impact periodontal health and confirm the need for randomized clinical trials on the effects of vitamin D on periodontitis.


Assuntos
Cálcio na Dieta/uso terapêutico , Periodontite Crônica/prevenção & controle , Suplementos Nutricionais , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico , Vitaminas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda do Osso Alveolar/classificação , Perda do Osso Alveolar/prevenção & controle , Cálcio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Cálcio na Dieta/análise , Periodontite Crônica/classificação , Estudos de Coortes , Cálculos Dentários/classificação , Índice de Placa Dentária , Profilaxia Dentária , Raspagem Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Análise de Alimentos , Defeitos da Furca/classificação , Defeitos da Furca/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Gengival/classificação , Hemorragia Gengival/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Higiene Bucal , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/classificação , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/prevenção & controle , Índice Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal/classificação , Bolsa Periodontal/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia Interproximal , Aplainamento Radicular , Vitamina D/administração & dosagem , Vitamina D/análise , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem , Vitaminas/análise
9.
J Periodontol ; 82(6): 806-808, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29537569
10.
J Periodontol ; 80(9): 1433-9, 2009 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19722793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A low dietary intake of vitamin D and calcium hastens bone loss and osteoporosis. Because vitamin D metabolites may also alter the inflammatory response and have antimicrobial effects, we studied whether the use of vitamin D and calcium supplements affects periodontal disease status. METHODS: A cohort of 51 subjects receiving periodontal maintenance therapy was recruited from two dental clinics; 23 were taking vitamin D (>or=400 IU/day) and calcium (>or=1,000 mg/day) supplementation, and 28 were not taking such supplementation. All subjects had at least two interproximal sites with >or=3 mm clinical attachment loss. Daily calcium and vitamin D intake (from food and supplements) were estimated by nutritional analysis. The following clinical parameters of periodontal disease were recorded for the mandibular posterior teeth: gingival index, probing depth, cemento-enamel junction-gingival margin distance (attachment loss), bleeding on probing, and furcation involvement. Posterior photostimulable-phosphor bitewing radiographs were taken to determine cemento-enamel junction-alveolar crest distances (alveolar crest height loss). Data were analyzed with a repeated-measures multivariate analysis of variance. RESULTS: Compared to subjects who did not take vitamin D and calcium supplementation, supplement takers had shallower probing depths, fewer bleeding sites, lower gingival index values, fewer furcation involvements, less attachment loss, and less alveolar crest height loss. The repeated-measures analysis indicated that collectively these differences were borderline significant (P = 0.08). CONCLUSIONS: In these subjects receiving periodontal maintenance therapy, there was a trend for better periodontal health with vitamin D and calcium supplementation. More expanded longitudinal studies are required to determine the potential of this relationship.


Assuntos
Cálcio na Dieta/uso terapêutico , Periodontite Crônica/prevenção & controle , Suplementos Nutricionais , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico , Vitaminas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda do Osso Alveolar/classificação , Perda do Osso Alveolar/prevenção & controle , Processo Alveolar/patologia , Periodontite Crônica/classificação , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Defeitos da Furca/classificação , Defeitos da Furca/prevenção & controle , Gengiva/patologia , Hemorragia Gengival/classificação , Hemorragia Gengival/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/classificação , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/prevenção & controle , Índice Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal/classificação , Bolsa Periodontal/prevenção & controle , Radiografia Interproximal , Colo do Dente/patologia
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