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1.
BMJ Open ; 9(7): e026903, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292177

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Lumbar pain of facet origin is a common problem worldwide. For those patients not responding to traditional treatment, one approach may be intra-articular infiltration of corticoid and anaesthetic. However, despite the increasing demand for this procedure, no consensus exists regarding its therapeutic value. The selection of eligible participants may be a determining factor since only those with an inflammatory process will benefit from the use of corticosteroids. This study aims to identify differences in disability, pain and quality of life scores in individuals with and without facet joint inflammation who were diagnosed using MRI. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: This prospective cohort will include individuals older than 18 years with a clinical diagnosis of facet syndrome who underwent intra-articular infiltration. Changes in scores of pain, disability and quality of life questionnaires at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months of follow-up compared with baseline will be analysed. An MRI examination performed before infiltration will help to distinguish between exposed (with inflammation) and non-exposed (non-inflammation) groups with facet syndrome. The primary outcome will be the disability questionnaire (Roland Morris), and the secondary outcomes will be the score questionnaires for pain (Visual Analogue Scale), quality of life (EuroQol Quality of Life Questionnaire) and disability (Oswestry). ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The Internal Review Board approved this study, which started only after the approval number (5291417.0.0000.0071) was received. All recruited participants will receive a verbal explanation about the purpose of the study, and their decision to participate will be free and voluntary. All participants enrolled in the study will provide a signed informed consent form including confidentiality terms. The results obtained in this study will be presented at national and international conferences and published in peer-reviewed scientific journals to disseminate the knowledge. TRIALS REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03304730; Pre-results.

2.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(4): eRC4668, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291387

RESUMO

Endovascular aneurysm repair is an established technique for treating many infrarenal aortic aneurysms. Infection is one of the most serious complications of this technique, and although percutaneous treatment has been well established for intra-abdominal collections, its use to treat peri-prosthetic fluid collections has not been well determined. In this article we describe a small series of three patients who were treated with percutaneous drainage, with good clinical and imaging responses. Percutaneous drainage is a safe, effective and minimally invasive approach for treating this potentially fatal complication.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Drenagem/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Clin Nucl Med ; 44(7): e433-e434, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058690

RESUMO

We report a case of a 43-year-old man who underwent a radical prostatectomy 3 years before the procedure (June 2015) for a locally advanced Gleason 7(4 + 3) prostate adenocarcinoma (pT3aN0), with negative surgical margins, followed by salvage radiotherapy. He also underwent antiandrogen therapy for biochemical relapse (bicalutamide) from October 2016 through May 2017, but prostate-specific antigen continued to rise (2.5 ng/mL [December 2017] and 3.3 ng/mL [February 2018]). At this point, he underwent a Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen PET/CT, and after multidisciplinary discussion, the therapeutic option chosen was image-guided salvage cryoablation.


Assuntos
Criocirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Ácido Edético/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Oligopeptídeos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
4.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(4): eRC4668, 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012008

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Endovascular aneurysm repair is an established technique for treating many infrarenal aortic aneurysms. Infection is one of the most serious complications of this technique, and although percutaneous treatment has been well established for intra-abdominal collections, its use to treat peri-prosthetic fluid collections has not been well determined. In this article we describe a small series of three patients who were treated with percutaneous drainage, with good clinical and imaging responses. Percutaneous drainage is a safe, effective and minimally invasive approach for treating this potentially fatal complication.


RESUMO O reparo endovascular de aneurisma é uma técnica para tratamento de diversos aneurismas infrarrenais da aorta. A infecção é uma das complicações mais sérias desse tratamento, e a abordagem percutânea tem sido adotada para coleções intra-abdominais, mas seu uso para tratamento de coleções protéticas vasculares não está bem estabelecido. Descreve-se, neste trabalho, pequena série de três pacientes tratados com drenagem percutânea, que apresentaram boa resposta clínica e de imagem. A drenagem percutânea mostrou-se abordagem segura, efetiva e minimamente invasiva para tratamento desta complicação, que é potencialmente fatal.

5.
World J Nucl Med ; 17(4): 293-295, 2018 Oct-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30505229

RESUMO

We describe a minimally invasive alternative approach in a patient with infected hepatic cyst to stabilize the patient before definitive surgery. A 58-year-old man presented with fever and hypotension after 2 weeks of asthenia, chills, weight loss, slight abdominal pain, and a previous asymptomatic simple hepatic cyst. On ultrasound, a giant heterogeneous hepatic cyst with thick wall was noted. A positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan was indicated and demonstrated high uptake (standardized uptake value = 7.6) in the wall of the cyst, suggestive of infection. He underwent percutaneous drainage guided by the tomography. A 12 Fr drain was positioned inside the collection and 5 L of purulent material was aspirated from the cyst, and at day 12th, surgical resection was performed. Histopatological analysis confirmed a simple biliary cyst. The patient remains asymptomatic on 1-year follow-up. Percutaneous drainage before surgical treatment allowed the definitive approach to be performed with the patient in better clinical conditions.

6.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 16(4): eAO4279, 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and effectiveness of nodule volume reduction and thyroid function after percutaneous laser ablation treatment in patients with benign nonfunctioning thyroid nodules. METHODS: Prospective single-center study, from January 2011 to October 2012, which evaluated 30 euthyroid and thyroid antibodies negative patients with benign solitary or dominant nodule with indication of treatment due to compressive symptoms and aesthetic disturbances. The clinical and laboratory (thyroid ultrasound, TSH, FT4, TG, TG-Ab, TPO-Ab and TRAb levels) evaluations were performed before the procedure, and periodically 1 week, 3 months and 6 months after. The ablation technique was performed under local anesthesia and sedation. In each treatment, one to three 21G spinal needle were inserted into the thyroid nodule. The laser fiber was positioned through the needle, which was then withdrawn 10mm to leave the tip in direct contact with the nodule tissue. Patients were treated with a ND: Yag-laser output power of 4W and 1,500 to 2,000J per fiber per treatment. The entire procedure was performed under US guidance. RESULTS: Thirty patients, with a total of 31 nodules submitted to laser ablation were evaluated. The median volumetric reduction of the nodule was approximately 60% after 12 months. No statistical significance was observed on thyroid function and antibodies levels. There was a peak on the level of thyroglobulin after the procedure due to tissue destruction (p<0.0001). No adverse effects were observed. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous laser ablation is a promising outpatient minimally invasive treatment of benign thyroid nodule.

7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1129-1138, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975650

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: Dynamic-contrast enhanced (DCE) sequence is used to increase detection of small lesions, based on increased vascularization. However, literature is controversy about the real incremental value of DCE in detection of clinically significant (CS) prostate cancer (PCa), since absence of enhancement does not exclude cancer, and enhancement alone is not definitive for tumor. Purpose: To test the hypothesis that DCE images do not increase CS PCa detection on MRI prior to biopsy, comparing exams without and with contrast sequences. Material and Materials and Methods: All men who come to our institution to perform MRI on a 3T scanner without a prior diagnosis of CS PCa were invited to participate in this study. Reference standard was transrectal prostate US with systematic biopsy and MRI/US fusion biopsy of suspicious areas. Radiologists read the MRI images prospectively and independently (first only sequences without contrast, and subsequently the entire exam) and graded them on 5-points scale of cancer suspicion. Results: 102 patients were included. Overall detection on biopsy showed CS cancer in 43 patients (42.2%), clinically non-significant cancer in 11 (10.8%) and negative results in 48 patients (47%). Positivities for CS PCa ranged from 8.9% to 9.8% for low suspicion and 75.0% to 88.9% for very high suspicion. There was no statistical difference regarding detection of CS PCa (no statistical difference was found when compared accuracies, sensitivities, specificities, PPV and NPV in both types of exams). Inter-reader agreement was 0.59. Conclusion: Exams with and without contrast-enhanced sequences were similar for detection of CS PCa on MRI.

8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1106-1113, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975665

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: Ultrasound-magnetic resonance imaging (US-MRI) fusion biopsy (FB) improves the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa). We aimed to compare the Gleason upgrading (GU) rates and the concordance of the Gleason scores in the biopsy versus final pathology after surgery in patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) systematic random biopsies (SRB) versus US-MRI FB for PCa. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of data that were collected prospectively from January 2011 to June 2016 from patients who underwent prostate biopsy and subsequent radical prostatectomy. The study cohort was divided into two groups: US-MRI FB (Group A) and TRUS SRB (Group B). US-MRI FB was performed in patients with a previous MRI with a focal lesion with a Likert score ≥3; otherwise, a TRUS SRB was performed. Results: In total, 73 men underwent US-MRI FB, and 89 underwent TRUS SRB. The GU rate was higher in Group B (31.5% vs. 16.4%; p=0.027). According to the Gleason grade pattern, GU was higher in Group B than in Group A (40.4% vs. 23.3%; p=0.020). Analyses of the Gleason grading patterns showed that Gleason scores 3+4 presented less GU in Group A (24.1% vs. 52.6%; p=0.043). The Bland-Altman plot analysis showed a higher bias in Group B than in Group A (-0.27 [-1.40 to 0.86] vs. −0.01 [-1.42 to 1.39]). In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, the only independent predictor of GU was the use of TRUS SRB (2.64 [1.11 - 6.28]; p=0.024). Conclusions: US-MRI FB appears to be related to a decrease in GU rate and an increase in concordance between biopsy and final pathology compared to TRUS SRB, suggesting that performing US-MRI FB leads to greater accuracy of diagnosis and better treatment decisions.

9.
Int Braz J Urol ; 44(6): 1106-1113, 2018 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30325600

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ultrasound-magnetic resonance imaging (US-MRI) fusion biopsy (FB) improves the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa). We aimed to compare the Gleason upgrading (GU) rates and the concordance of the Gleason scores in the biopsy versus final pathology after surgery in patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) systematic random biopsies (SRB) versus US-MRI FB for PCa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data that were collected prospectively from January 2011 to June 2016 from patients who underwent prostate biopsy and subsequent radical prostatectomy. The study cohort was divided into two groups: US-MRI FB (Group A) and TRUS SRB (Group B). US-MRI FB was performed in patients with a previous MRI with a focal lesion with a Likert score ≥3; otherwise, a TRUS SRB was performed. RESULTS: In total, 73 men underwent US-MRI FB, and 89 underwent TRUS SRB. The GU rate was higher in Group B (31.5% vs. 16.4%; p=0.027). According to the Gleason grade pattern, GU was higher in Group B than in Group A (40.4% vs. 23.3%; p=0.020). Analyses of the Gleason grading patterns showed that Gleason scores 3+4 presented less GU in Group A (24.1% vs. 52.6%; p=0.043). The Bland-Altman plot analysis showed a higher bias in Group B than in Group A (-0.27 [-1.40 to 0.86] vs. -0.01 [-1.42 to 1.39]). In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, the only independent predictor of GU was the use of TRUS SRB (2.64 [1.11 - 6.28]; p=0.024). CONCLUSIONS: US-MRI FB appears to be related to a decrease in GU rate and an increase in concordance between biopsy and final pathology compared to TRUS SRB, suggesting that performing US-MRI FB leads to greater accuracy of diagnosis and better treatment decisions.

10.
Int Braz J Urol ; 44(6): 1129-1138, 2018 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30325611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dynamic-contrast enhanced (DCE) sequence is used to increase detection of small lesions, based on increased vascularization. However, literature is controversy about the real incremental value of DCE in detection of clinically significant (CS) prostate cancer (PCa), since absence of enhancement does not exclude cancer, and enhancement alone is not definitive for tumor. PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that DCE images do not increase CS PCa detection on MRI prior to biopsy, comparing exams without and with contrast sequences. Material and Materials and Methods: All men who come to our institution to perform MRI on a 3T scanner without a prior diagnosis of CS PCa were invited to participate in this study. Reference standard was transrectal prostate US with systematic biopsy and MRI/US fusion biopsy of suspicious areas. Radiologists read the MRI images prospectively and independently (first only sequences without contrast, and subsequently the entire exam) and graded them on 5-points scale of cancer suspicion. RESULTS: 102 patients were included. Overall detection on biopsy showed CS cancer in 43 patients (42.2%), clinically non-significant cancer in 11 (10.8%) and negative results in 48 patients (47%). Positivities for CS PCa ranged from 8.9% to 9.8% for low suspicion and 75.0% to 88.9% for very high suspicion. There was no statistical difference regarding detection of CS PCa (no statistical difference was found when compared accuracies, sensitivities, specificities, PPV and NPV in both types of exams). Inter-reader agreement was 0.59. CONCLUSION: Exams with and without contrast-enhanced sequences were similar for detection of CS PCa on MRI.

11.
J Bras Pneumol ; 44(4): 307-314, 2018 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30328929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (CT-CNB) of pulmonary nodules ≤ 2 cm, as well as to identify factors influencing the accuracy of the procedure and its morbidity. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study of 170 consecutive patients undergoing CT-CNB of small pulmonary nodules (of ≤ 2 cm) between January of 2010 and August of 2015. RESULTS: A total of 156 CT-CNBs yielded a definitive diagnosis, the overall diagnostic accuracy being 92.3%. Larger lesions were associated with a higher overall accuracy (OR = 1.30; p = 0.007). Parenchymal hemorrhage occurring during the procedure led to lower accuracy rates (OR = 0.13; p = 0.022). Pneumothorax was the most common complication. A pleura-to-lesion distance > 3 cm was identified as a risk factor for pneumothorax (OR = 16.94), whereas performing a blood patch after biopsy was a protective factor for pneumothorax (OR = 0.18). CONCLUSIONS: Small nodules (of < 2 cm) represent a technical challenge for diagnosis. CT-CNB is an excellent diagnostic tool, its accuracy being high.

12.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 16(3): eRC4254, 2018 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281765

RESUMO

The aim of this study were to describe the technique of percutaneous drainage of iliopsoas abscess, and to discuss the benefits of using this minimally-invasive tool. A single center study with retrospective analysis of patients with psoas abscess confirmed by imaging scans, sent to the interventional medicine center and submitted to computed tomography and ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage, from November 2013 to August 2016. Seven patients underwent percutaneous drainage of psoas abscess in this period. The mean initial drained volume was 61.4±50.7mL (ranging from 10 to 130mL), and the mean drainage duration was 8.3±2.8 days (ranging from 4 to 12 days). The success rate of the percutaneous procedures was 71.5%, and two patients required re-intervention. Image-guided percutaneous drainage of iliopsoas abscess is a minimally invasive, efficient and safe procedure, and an extremely valuable technique, especially for patients who are not suitable for surgical repair.


Assuntos
Drenagem/métodos , Abscesso do Psoas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Drenagem/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/isolamento & purificação , Abscesso do Psoas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Adulto Jovem
13.
Radiol Bras ; 51(4): 231-235, 2018 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30202126

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the efficacy of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-TPA) injection in the evolution of percutaneous drainage of thick collections. Materials and Methods: This was a single-center study involving the retrospective analysis of hospitalized patients undergoing percutaneous drainage of thick (superficial or intracavitary) fluid collections, followed by injection of a fibrinolytic agent (r-TPA) into the affected space. Results: A total of 53 percutaneous drainage procedures, with r-TPA injection, were performed in 51 patients. Abdominal and pelvic collections were the most common, being seen in 38 (73%) of the procedures; in 35 (66%), the etiology of the collection was attributed to postoperative complications. A total of 61 catheters were used in order to drain the 53 collections. Of those 61 catheters, 52 (85%) were large (12-16 Fr) and 9 (15%) were small (4-10 Fr). The mean r-TPA dose was 5.7 mg/collection per day, and the mean time from r-TPA injection to drain removal was 7.7 days. Percutaneous drainage in combination with r-TPA injection was successful in 96% of the cases. None of the patients showed coagulation changes during the study period. Conclusion: The use of once-daily, low-dose r-TPA for up to three consecutive days, as an adjunct to percutaneous drainage of thick collections, with or without loculation, appears to be an effective technique.

14.
J. bras. pneumol ; 44(4): 307-314, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975920

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (CT-CNB) of pulmonary nodules ≤ 2 cm, as well as to identify factors influencing the accuracy of the procedure and its morbidity. Methods: This was a retrospective, single-center study of 170 consecutive patients undergoing CT-CNB of small pulmonary nodules (of ≤ 2 cm) between January of 2010 and August of 2015. Results: A total of 156 CT-CNBs yielded a definitive diagnosis, the overall diagnostic accuracy being 92.3%. Larger lesions were associated with a higher overall accuracy (OR = 1.30; p = 0.007). Parenchymal hemorrhage occurring during the procedure led to lower accuracy rates (OR = 0.13; p = 0.022). Pneumothorax was the most common complication. A pleura-to-lesion distance > 3 cm was identified as a risk factor for pneumothorax (OR = 16.94), whereas performing a blood patch after biopsy was a protective factor for pneumothorax (OR = 0.18). Conclusions: Small nodules (of < 2 cm) represent a technical challenge for diagnosis. CT-CNB is an excellent diagnostic tool, its accuracy being high.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a precisão diagnóstica da biópsia percutânea com agulha grossa, guiada por TC - doravante denominada BAG-TC - de nódulos pulmonares ≤ 2 cm, bem como identificar fatores que influenciam a precisão do procedimento e sua morbidade. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, realizado em um único centro, com 170 pacientes consecutivos submetidos a BAG-TC de nódulos pulmonares pequenos (≤ 2 cm) entre janeiro de 2010 e agosto de 2015. Resultados: Do total de biópsias, 156 resultaram em diagnóstico definitivo, com precisão diagnóstica global de 92,3%. Lesões maiores estiveram relacionadas com maior precisão global (OR = 1,30; p = 0,007). A presença de hemorragia parenquimatosa durante o procedimento resultou em menor precisão (OR = 0,13; p = 0,022). Pneumotórax foi a complicação mais comum. Uma distância > 3 cm entre a lesão e a pleura foi identificada como fator de risco de pneumotórax (OR = 16,94), ao passo que a realização de tampão sanguíneo após a biópsia foi um fator de proteção contra o pneumotórax (OR = 0,18). Conclusões: O diagnóstico de nódulos pequenos (< 2 cm) é um desafio do ponto de vista técnico. A BAG-TC é uma excelente ferramenta diagnóstica, cuja precisão é alta.

15.
Radiol. bras ; 51(4): 231-235, July-Aug. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-956274

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To analyze the efficacy of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-TPA) injection in the evolution of percutaneous drainage of thick collections. Materials and Methods: This was a single-center study involving the retrospective analysis of hospitalized patients undergoing percutaneous drainage of thick (superficial or intracavitary) fluid collections, followed by injection of a fibrinolytic agent (r-TPA) into the affected space. Results: A total of 53 percutaneous drainage procedures, with r-TPA injection, were performed in 51 patients. Abdominal and pelvic collections were the most common, being seen in 38 (73%) of the procedures; in 35 (66%), the etiology of the collection was attributed to postoperative complications. A total of 61 catheters were used in order to drain the 53 collections. Of those 61 catheters, 52 (85%) were large (12-16 Fr) and 9 (15%) were small (4-10 Fr). The mean r-TPA dose was 5.7 mg/collection per day, and the mean time from r-TPA injection to drain removal was 7.7 days. Percutaneous drainage in combination with r-TPA injection was successful in 96% of the cases. None of the patients showed coagulation changes during the study period. Conclusion: The use of once-daily, low-dose r-TPA for up to three consecutive days, as an adjunct to percutaneous drainage of thick collections, with or without loculation, appears to be an effective technique.


Resumo Objetivo: Analisar a eficácia da injeção do agente fibrinolítico ativador tissular de plasminogênio (r-TPA) na evolução da drenagem percutânea de coleções espessas. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo unicêntrico com análise retrospectiva de pacientes internados submetidos a drenagem percutânea de coleções espessas, superficiais ou intracavitárias, seguida da injeção de agente fibrinolítico (r-TPA) no interior da coleção. Resultados: Foram realizadas 53 drenagens percutâneas com injeção de r-TPA em 51 pacientes. Coleções intra-abdominais e pélvicas foram as mais frequentes (n = 38; 73%) e a causa predominante foi complicação pós-operatória (n = 35; 66%). Foram utilizados 61 drenos para acessar as 53 coleções, dos quais 52 (85%) foram drenos mais calibrosos (12-16 Fr) e 9 (15%) de pequeno calibre (4-10 Fr). A dose média de r-TPA empregada foi 5,7 mg/coleção/dia, o tempo médio entre a injeção de r-TPA e a retirada do dreno foi 7.7 dias e o sucesso da drenagem percutânea em associação com agente fibrinolítico foi observado em 96% dos casos. Alterações de coagulação não foram observadas nos pacientes durante o estudo. Conclusão: O uso de baixas doses diárias de r-TPA por até três dias consecutivos, como adjuvante terapêutico na drenagem percutânea de coleções espessas e/ou loculadas, demonstrou ser uma técnica efetiva.

16.
Radiol Bras ; 51(2): 102-105, 2018 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29743737

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the technique of injecting hemostatic matrix, as well as the experience of our interventional radiology department in its application. Materials and Methods: We conducted a single-center study with retrospective analysis of the experience of our group in the use of hemostatic gelatin matrix in percutaneous biopsies. Results: In a total of 73 biopsies in different organs, such as the liver, kidney, and spleen, hemostatic gelatin matrix was introduced into the coaxial needle. The only complication observed was migration of the hemostatic matrix to the left kidney collecting system, and that was resolved with clinical treatment. There were no cases of bleeding after the injection of hemostatic matrix. Conclusion: The use of hemostatic matrices in the path of percutaneous biopsies is another tool available for consideration in minimally invasive procedures.

17.
Radiol. bras ; 51(2): 102-105, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-956233

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To describe the technique of injecting hemostatic matrix, as well as the experience of our interventional radiology department in its application. Materials and Methods: We conducted a single-center study with retrospective analysis of the experience of our group in the use of hemostatic gelatin matrix in percutaneous biopsies. Results: In a total of 73 biopsies in different organs, such as the liver, kidney, and spleen, hemostatic gelatin matrix was introduced into the coaxial needle. The only complication observed was migration of the hemostatic matrix to the left kidney collecting system, and that was resolved with clinical treatment. There were no cases of bleeding after the injection of hemostatic matrix. Conclusion: The use of hemostatic matrices in the path of percutaneous biopsies is another tool available for consideration in minimally invasive procedures.


Resumo Objetivo: Descrever a técnica de injeção de matrizes hemostáticas e a experiência do nosso serviço de radiologia intervencionista na sua aplicação. Materiais e Métodos: Foi realizado estudo unicêntrico com análise retrospectiva da experiência do nosso grupo na utilização de matriz hemostática gelatinosa em biópsias percutâneas. Resultados: Foram realizadas 73 biópsias com utilização de matriz hemostática gelatinosa no trajeto da agulha coaxial em diferentes órgãos, como fígado, rim, baço, entre outros. A única complicação observada foi a migração da matriz hemostática para o sistema coletor do rim esquerdo, sendo solucionada com tratamento clínico. Não foram observados casos de sangramento no trajeto das biópsias após a injeção de matrizes hemostáticas. Conclusão: O uso de matrizes hemostáticas no trajeto de biópsias percutâneas é mais uma ferramenta disponível a ser considerada nos procedimentos minimamente invasivos.

18.
Eur J Radiol ; 100: 14-22, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29496072

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the experience of our institution in image-guided renal nodules percutaneous cryoablation, evaluating demographic and technical aspects as well as efficacy, safety and follow up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study approved by our institutional review board. Seventy-one renal tumors evaluated in 60 patients treated with image guided percutaneous renal cryoablation from January 2009 to December 2015. No patient was excluded from study, even those who were lost on follow up. All the procedures were guided both by ultrasound and tomography. An argon and helium based cryoablation machine was used for all treatments. Hydrodissection was performed when the bowel or ureters were within 1 cm (iodinated contrast media in dextrose solution). Complications were assessed by the terminology criteria of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Patients were monitored and evaluated by ultrasound, tomography, MRI and/or PET-CT. RESULTS: In most procedures (91.9%) only one nodule was treated. Nodules had a median size of 1.6 cm. Most nodules (61,9%) were exophytic. Hydrodissection and retrograde warm pyeloperfusion were performed in most procedures. Among all variables evaluated in univariate analysis, nearness of nodule to collecting system and anterior/posterior location were significantly associated with PRCA complications. No other factor evaluated was significantly associated with complications. CONCLUSION: PRCA is solid alternative to traditional surgical therapies for treatment of small renal tumors in wide subset of patients. Medium term evidence shows excellent long-term oncological results, similar to nephrectomy, with minimal risk of major complications.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Criocirurgia/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem , Rim/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(1): 192-195, Jan.-Feb. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-892936

RESUMO

ABSTRACT The biochemical recurrence after local treatment for prostate cancer is an often challenging condition of clinical management. The aim of this report is to demonstrate the importance of the association of various imaging methods in the identification and subsequent accurate percutaneous biopsy in patients with recurrence of prostate cancer, especially in unusual sites. An 86 years old male with biochemical recurrence, during radiological investigation a PET-MRI was noted the presence of an asymmetry of the vas deferens with PSMA-68Ga uptaken, suggesting the recurrence. A percutaneous fusion biopsy with PET-MRI and ultrasound was performed using transrectal access using ultrasound confirming infiltrating adenocarcinoma of the wall of the vas deferens, compatible with neoplastic prostate recurrence. The fusion image technique combines the real-time view of the US to the possibility of higher definition and higher specificity, methods more anatomical detail as tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, simultaneously. High resolution acquired in PET / MR associated with image fusion allows orientation procedures, even in areas of difficult access, with greater accuracy than conventional techniques.

20.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 16(1): eRC4015, 2018.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267431

RESUMO

Transarterial selective internal radiation therapy with yttrium-90, also known as radioembolization, is a therapy based on the administration of resin or glass microspheres loaded with the radioisotope yttrium-90, via selective arterial catheterization of tumor-feeding vessels. It is classified as a type of locoregional therapy and its main goal is to treat patients with primary or secondary hepatic lesions that are unresectable and not responsive to other therapies. Since it is a new technology still restricted to very few hospitals in Brazil, but used in patients throughout the country, it is necessary to demonstrate the main aspects of hepatic lesions treated with selective internal radiation therapy found in magnetic resonance imaging, and to make specific considerations on interpretation of these images. The objective of this report is to demonstrate the main aspects of magnetic resonance imaging of unresectable primary or secondary hepatic lesions, in patients submitted to transarterial selective internal radiation therapy.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Radioisótopos de Ítrio/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
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