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2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(5): 352-356, May 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1013614

RESUMO

Abstract Pentalogy of Cantrell (PC) is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by changes in the mesodermal median structures and congenital heart disease, often with a poor prognosis. In 1958, Cantrell et al2 defined the full spectrum of the syndrome with the following anomalies: defects of the anterior diaphragm, of the lower part of the sternum, of the supraumbilical region and the abdominal wall, of the diaphragmatic pericardium, and various intracardiac congenital abnormalities. The present report describes a case of ectopia cordis associated with PC and the importance of the participation of a multidisciplinary team in the treatment of this condition.


Resumo A pentalogia de Cantrell (PC) é uma rara anomalia congênita caracterizada por alterações nas estruturas medianas mesodérmicas e doenças cardíacas congênitas, cursando muitas vezes com um mau prognóstico. Em 1958, Cantrell et al2 definiram o espectro completo da síndrome com as seguintes anomalias: defeitos do diafragma anterior, da parte inferior do esterno, da região supraumbilical e parede abdominal, do pericárdio diafragmático, e várias anormalidades congênitas intracardíacas. O presente relato relaciona-se a um caso de ectopia cordis associado à PC e à importância da participação de uma equipe multidisciplinar no acompanhamento da doença.

3.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 41(5): 352-356, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30912088

RESUMO

Pentalogy of Cantrell (PC) is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by changes in the mesodermal median structures and congenital heart disease, often with a poor prognosis. In 1958, Cantrell et al2 defined the full spectrum of the syndrome with the following anomalies: defects of the anterior diaphragm, of the lower part of the sternum, of the supraumbilical region and the abdominal wall, of the diaphragmatic pericardium, and various intracardiac congenital abnormalities. The present report describes a case of ectopia cordis associated with PC and the importance of the participation of a multidisciplinary team in the treatment of this condition.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(12): e14692, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30896618

RESUMO

A strong association exists between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and coronary artery disease (CAD). The role of CKD in the long-term prognosis of CAD patients with versus those without CKD is unknown. This study investigated whether CKD affects ventricular function.From January 2009 to January 2010, 918 consecutive patients were selected from an outpatient database. Patients had undergone percutaneous, surgical, or clinical treatment and were followed until May 2015.In patients with preserved renal function (n = 405), 73 events (18%) occurred, but 108 events (21.1%) occurred among those with CKD (n = 513) (P < .001). Regarding left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50%, we found 84 events (21.5%) in CKD patients and 12 (11.8%) in those with preserved renal function (P < .001). The presence of LVEF <50% brought about a modification effect. Death occurred in 22 (5.4%) patients with preserved renal function and in 73 (14.2%) with CKD (P < .001). In subjects with LVEF <50%, 66 deaths (16.9%) occurred in CKD patients and 7 (6.9%) in those with preserved renal function (P = .001). No differences were found in CKD strata regarding events or overall death among those with preserved LVEF. In a multivariate model, creatinine clearance remained an independent predictor of death (P < .001).We found no deleterious effects of CKD in patients with CAD when ventricular function was preserved. However, there was a worse prognosis in patients with CKD and ventricular dysfunction.Resgistry number is ISRCTN17786790 at https://doi.org/10.1186/ISRCTN17786790.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Seguimentos , Testes de Função Cardíaca , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Testes de Função Renal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
6.
Diabetol Metab Syndr ; 10: 19, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29568331

RESUMO

Background: Patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and severe left ventricular dysfunction have a worse survival prognosis than patients with preserved ventricular function. The role of diabetes in the long-term prognosis of this patient group is unknown. This study investigated whether the presence of diabetes has a long-term impact on left ventricular function. Methods: Patients with coronary artery disease who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, percutaneous coronary intervention, or medical therapy alone were included. All patients had multivessel disease and left ventricular ejection fraction measurements. Overall mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, and additional interventions were investigated. Results: From January 2009 to January 2010, 918 consecutive patients were selected and followed until May 2015. They were separated into 4 groups: G1, 266 patients with diabetes and ventricular dysfunction; G2, 213 patients with diabetes without ventricular dysfunction; G3, 213 patients without diabetes and ventricular dysfunction; and G4, 226 patients without diabetes but with ventricular dysfunction. Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively, had a mortality rate of 21.6, 6.1, 4.2, and 10.6% (P < .001); nonfatal myocardial infarction of 5.3, .5, 7.0, and 2.6% (P < .001); stroke of .40, .45, .90, and .90% (P = NS); and additional intervention of 3.8, 11.7, 10.3, and 2.6% (P < .001). Conclusion: In this sample, regardless of the treatment previously received patients with or without diabetes and preserved ventricular function experienced similar outcomes. However, patients with ventricular dysfunction had a worse prognosis compared with those with normal ventricular function; patients with diabetes had greater mortality than patients without diabetes.Trial registration http://www.controlled-trials.com. Registration Number: ISRCTN66068876.

7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(7): 330-336, July 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-898882

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose To assess the impact of pre-pregnancy obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥30 kg/m2) on the gestational and perinatal outcomes. Methods Retrospective cohort study of 731 pregnant women with a BMI ≥30 kg/m2 at the first prenatal care visit, comparing them with 3,161 women with a BMI between 18.5 kg/m2 and 24.9 kg/m2. Maternal and neonatal variables were assessed. Statistical analyses reporting the demographic features of the pregnant women (obese and normal) were performed with descriptive statistics followed by two-sided independent Student's t tests for the continuous variables, and the chi-squared (χ2) test, or Fisher's exact test, for the categorical variables. We performed a multiple linear regression analysis of newborn body weight based on the mother's BMI, adjusted by maternal age, hyperglycemic disorders, hypertensive disorders, and cesarean deliveries to analyze the relationships among these variables. All analyses were performed with the R (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria) for Windows software, version 3.1.0. A value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Obesity was associated with older age [OR 9.8 (7.8-12.2); p < 0.01], hyperglycemic disorders [OR 6.5 (4.8-8.9); p < 0.01], hypertensive disorders [OR 7.6 (6.1-9.5); p < 0.01], caesarean deliveries [OR 2.5 (2.1-3.0); p < 0.01], fetal macrosomia [OR 2.9 (2.3-3.6); p < 0.01] and umbilical cord pH [OR 2.1 (1.4-2.9); p < 0.01). Conversely, no association was observed with the duration of labor, bleeding during labor, Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes after birth, gestational age, stillbirth and early neonatal mortality, congenital malformations, and maternal and fetal injury. Conclusion We observed that pre-pregnancy obesity was associated with maternal age, hyperglycemic disorders, hypertension syndrome, cesarean deliveries, fetal macrosomia, and fetal acidosis.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o impacto da obesidade pré-gestacional (índice de massa corpórea [IMC] ≥30 kg/m2) sobre os resultados gestacionais e perinatais. Métodos Estudo transversal retrospectivo, com 731 gestantes que apresentaram IMC ≥ 30 kg/m2 na primeira consulta de pré-natal, comparando-as a 3.161 gestantes com IMC entre 18,5 kg/m2 e 24,9 kg/m2. Foram avaliadas variáveis maternas e neonatais. A análise estatística baseou-se nas características demográficas das gestantes (obesas e com peso normal), e foi realizada com estatísticas descritivas seguidas de testes t de Student independentes bicaudais para variáveis contínuas, e teste de qui-quadrado (χ2) ou exato de Fisher para as variáveis categóricas. Foi realizada uma regressão linear múltipla do peso do recém-nascido sobre o IMC materno, ajustado por idade materna, síndromes hiperglicêmicas, síndromes hipertensivas hipertensivas e operações cesarianas, a fim de analisar a relação entre essas variáveis. Todas as análises foram realizadas com o uso de R (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Viena, Áustria) para Windows, versão 3.1.0. Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significante. Resultados A obesidade associou-se à idade materna [OR 9,8 (7,8-12,2); p < 0,01], distúrbios hiperglicêmicos [OR 6.5 (4,8-8,9); p < 0,01], distúrbios hipertensivos (RP: 7,6 [6,1-9,5]; p < 0,01), maior taxa de operação cesariana [OR 2,5 (2,1-3,0); p < 0,01], macrossomia fetal [OR 2,9 (2,3-3,6); p < 0,01] e baixo pH na artéria umbilical [OR 2,1 (1,4-2,9); p < 0,01]. Não foi observada associação com tempo de trabalho de parto, sangramento durante o trabalho de parto, índice de Apgar no 1° e 5° minutos, idade gestacional, natimortalidade e mortalidade neonatal precoce, malformações congênitas e tocotraumatismo materno e fetal. Conclusões O estudo mostrou que a obesidade pré-gestacional associou-se com idade materna mais elevada, distúrbios hiperglicêmicos e hipertensivos, taxas mais altas de operação cesariana, macrossomia e acidose fetal.

8.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 39(7): 330-336, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28645121

RESUMO

Purpose To assess the impact of pre-pregnancy obesity (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30 kg/m2) on the gestational and perinatal outcomes. Methods Retrospective cohort study of 731 pregnant women with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 at the first prenatal care visit, comparing them with 3,161 women with a BMI between 18.5 kg/m2 and 24.9 kg/m2. Maternal and neonatal variables were assessed. Statistical analyses reporting the demographic features of the pregnant women (obese and normal) were performed with descriptive statistics followed by two-sided independent Student's t tests for the continuous variables, and the chi-squared (χ2) test, or Fisher's exact test, for the categorical variables. We performed a multiple linear regression analysis of newborn body weight based on the mother's BMI, adjusted by maternal age, hyperglycemic disorders, hypertensive disorders, and cesarean deliveries to analyze the relationships among these variables. All analyses were performed with the R (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria) for Windows software, version 3.1.0. A value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Obesity was associated with older age [OR 9.8 (7.8-12.2); p < 0.01], hyperglycemic disorders [OR 6.5 (4.8-8.9); p < 0.01], hypertensive disorders [OR 7.6 (6.1-9.5); p < 0.01], caesarean deliveries [OR 2.5 (2.1-3.0); p < 0.01], fetal macrosomia [OR 2.9 (2.3-3.6); p < 0.01] and umbilical cord pH [OR 2.1 (1.4-2.9); p < 0.01). Conversely, no association was observed with the duration of labor, bleeding during labor, Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes after birth, gestational age, stillbirth and early neonatal mortality, congenital malformations, and maternal and fetal injury. Conclusion We observed that pre-pregnancy obesity was associated with maternal age, hyperglycemic disorders, hypertension syndrome, cesarean deliveries, fetal macrosomia, and fetal acidosis.


Assuntos
Obesidade/complicações , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Doenças Fetais/epidemiologia , Doenças Fetais/etiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/etiologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(50): e9113, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29390308

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the utility and quality-of-life year measurements for patients with coronary artery disease who underwent any of 3 therapeutic strategies with a 5-year follow-up. METHODS: Quality-of-life data were obtained from the Medicine, Angioplasty, or Surgery Study II trial. To obtain utilities, the 36-Item Short-Form questionnaire was converted to a 6-Dimensional Health State Classification System. RESULTS: Of the 611 initial patients, 579 completed the questionnaire. In all, 188 patients received the surgical treatment-194 the percutaneous, and the remaining 197 the medical. The median utility scores for the 5 years analyzed were 0.809 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.794-0.842) for patients assigned to percutaneous coronary intervention, 0.755 (95% CI 0.723-0.774) for medical treatment, and 0.780 (95% CI 0.761-0.809) for coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The difference between percutaneous coronary intervention and medical treatment was statistically significant (P < .05, Dunn test). The median cumulative quality-of-life years across the 5 years were 3.802 (95% CI 3.668-3.936) for percutaneous, 3.540 (95% CI 3.399-3.681) for medical, and 3.764 (95% CI 3.638-3.890) for surgery. Additionally, the median quality-of-life years between percutaneous and medical treatment was 0.262 (95% CI 0.068-0.456), between surgery and medical treatment it was 0.224 (95% CI 0.036-0.413), and between surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention it was -0.038 (95% CI -0.221 to -0.146). CONCLUSION: Coronary artery bypass surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention were similar regarding cumulative quality-of-life years; however, they were both superior to that of medical treatment. The results presented are valuable data for further cost-utility studies.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 15: 72, 2015 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26195004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac-specific troponin detected with the new high-sensitivity assays can be chronically elevated in response to cardiovascular comorbidities and confer important prognostic information, in the absence of unstable coronary syndromes. Both diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease are known predictors of troponin elevation. It is not known whether diabetic patients with coronary artery disease have different levels of troponin compared with diabetic patients with normal coronary arteries. To investigate this question, we determined the concentrations of a level 1 troponin assay in two groups of diabetic patients: those with multivessel coronary artery disease and those with angiographically normal coronary arteries. METHODS: We studied 95 diabetic patients and compared troponin in serum samples from 50 patients with coronary artery disease (mean age = 63.7, 58 % male) with 45 controls with angiographically normal coronary arteries. Brain natriuretic peptide and the oxidative stress biomarkers myeloperoxidase, nitrotyrosine and oxidized LDL were also determined. RESULTS: Diabetic patients with coronary artery disease had higher levels of troponin than did controls (median values, 12.0 pg/mL (95 % CI:10-16) vs 7.0 pg/mL (95 % CI: 5.9-8.5), respectively; p = 0.0001). The area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of CAD was 0.712 with a sensitivity of 70 % and a specificity of 66 %. Plasma BNP levels and oxidative stress variables (myeloperoxidase, nitrotyrosine, and oxidized LDL) were not different between the two groups. In a multivariate analysis, gender (p = 0.04), serum glucose (0.03) and Troponin I (p = 0.01) had independent statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Troponin elevation is related to the presence of chronic coronary artery disease in diabetic patients with multiple associated cardiovascular risk factors. Troponin may serve as a biomarker in this high-risk population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.controlled-trials.com REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN26970041.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Troponina C/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Oxirredução , Peroxidase/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Tirosina/análogos & derivados , Tirosina/sangue
11.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 13: 117, 2013 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24330253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning is a powerful mechanism of myocardial protection and in humans it can be evaluated by sequential exercise tests. Coronary Artery Disease in the presence of diabetes mellitus may be associated with worse outcomes. In addition, some studies have shown that diabetes interferes negatively with the development of ischemic preconditioning. However, it is still unknown whether diabetes may influence the expression of ischemic preconditioning in patients with stable multivessel coronary artery disease. METHODS/DESIGN: This study will include 140 diabetic and non-diabetic patients with chronic, stable coronary artery disease and preserved left ventricular systolic function. The patients will be submitted to two sequential exercise tests with 30-minutes interval between them. Ischemic parameters will be compared between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Ischemic preconditioning will be considered present when time to 1.0 mm ST-segment deviation is greater in the second of two sequential exercise tests. Exercise tests will be analyzed by two independent cardiologists. DISCUSSION: Ischemic preconditioning was first demonstrated by Murry et al. in dog's hearts. Its work was reproduced by other authors, clearly demonstrating that brief periods of myocardial ischemia followed by reperfusion triggers cardioprotective mechanisms against subsequent and severe ischemia. On the other hand, the demonstration of ischemic preconditioning in humans requires the presence of clinical symptoms or physiological changes difficult to be measured. One methodology largely accepted are the sequential exercise tests, in which, the improvement in the time to 1.0 mm ST depression in the second of two sequential tests is considered manifestation of ischemic preconditioning.Diabetes is an important and independent determinant of clinical prognosis. It's a major risk factor for coronary artery disease. Furthermore, the association of diabetes with stable coronary artery disease imposes worse prognosis, irrespective of treatment strategy. It's still not clearly known the mechanisms responsible by these worse outcomes. Impairment in the mechanisms of ischemic preconditioning may be one major cause of this worse prognosis, but, in the clinical setting, this is not known. The present study aims to evaluate how diabetes mellitus interferes with ischemic preconditioning in patients with stable, multivessel coronary artery disease and preserved systolic ventricular function.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Precondicionamento Isquêmico Miocárdico/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Am Heart J ; 166(2): 250-7, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23895807

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is a major cause of coronary artery disease (CAD). Despite improvement in the management of patients with stable CAD, diabetes remains a major cause of increased morbidity and mortality. There is no conclusive evidence that either modality is better than medical therapy alone for the treatment of stable multivessel CAD in patients with diabetes in a very long-term follow-up. Our aim was to compare 3 therapeutic strategies for stable multivessel CAD in a diabetic population and non-diabetic population. METHODS: It was compared medical therapy (MT), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in 232 diabetic patients and 379 nondiabetic patients with multivessel CAD. Endpoints evaluated were overall and cardiac mortality. RESULTS: Patients (n = 611) were randomized to CABG (n = 203), PCI (n = 205), or MT (n = 203). In a 10-year follow-up, more deaths occurred among patients with diabetes than among patients without diabetes (P = .001) for overall mortality. In this follow-up, 10-year mortality rates were 32.3% and 23.2% for diabetics and non-diabetics respectively (P = .024). Regarding cardiac mortality, 10-year cardiac mortality rates were 19.4% and 12.7% respectively (P = .031).Considering only diabetic patients and stratifying this population by treatment option, we found mortality rates of 31.3% for PCI, 27.5% for CABG and 37.5% for MT (P = .015 for CABG vs MT) and cardiac mortality rates of 18.8%, 12.5% and 26.1% respectively (P = .005 for CABG vs MT). CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Among patients with stable multivessel CAD and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, the 3 therapeutic regimens had high rates of overall and cardiac-related deaths among diabetic compared with non-diabetic patients. Moreover, better outcomes were observed in diabetic patients undergoing CABG compared to MT in relation to overall and cardiac mortality in a 10-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Complicações do Diabetes/terapia , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Complicações do Diabetes/mortalidade , Complicações do Diabetes/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Prognóstico
13.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 12: 65, 2012 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22898311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the release of cardiac biomarkers after percutaneous (PCI) or surgical revascularization (CABG) is common, its prognostic significance is not known. Questions remain about the mechanisms and degree of correlation between the release, the volume of myocardial tissue loss, and the long-term significance. Delayed-enhancement of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) consistently quantifies areas of irreversible myocardial injury. To investigate the quantitative relationship between irreversible injury and cardiac biomarkers, we will evaluate the extent of irreversible injury in patients undergoing PCI and CABG and relate it to postprocedural modifications in cardiac biomarkers and long-term prognosis. METHODS/DESIGN: The study will include 150 patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) with left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and a formal indication for CABG; 50 patients will undergo CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); 50 patients with the same arterial and ventricular condition indicated for myocardial revascularization will undergo CABG without CPB; and another 50 patients with CAD and preserved ventricular function will undergo PCI using stents. All patients will undergo CMR before and after surgery or PCI. We will also evaluate the release of cardiac markers of necrosis immediately before and after each procedure. Primary outcome considered is overall death in a 5-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes are levels of CK-MB isoenzyme and I-Troponin in association with presence of myocardial fibrosis and systolic left ventricle dysfunction assessed by CMR. DISCUSSION: The MASS-V Trial aims to establish reliable values for parameters of enzyme markers of myocardial necrosis in the absence of manifest myocardial infarction after mechanical interventions. The establishments of these indices have diagnostic value and clinical prognosis and therefore require relevant and different therapeutic measures. In daily practice, the inappropriate use of these necrosis markers has led to misdiagnosis and therefore wrong treatment. The appearance of a more sensitive tool such as CMR provides an unprecedented diagnostic accuracy of myocardial damage when correlated with necrosis enzyme markers. We aim to correlate laboratory data with imaging, thereby establishing more refined data on the presence or absence of irreversible myocardial injury after the procedure, either percutaneous or surgical, and this, with or without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Troponina I/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Fibrose , Cardiopatias/sangue , Cardiopatias/patologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Stents , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
14.
São Paulo; s.n; 2012. [92] p. graf, tab.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-664739

RESUMO

O pré-condicionamento isquêmico (PCI) é um importante mecanismo de proteção celular, capaz de favorecer a diminuição da necrose dos cardiomiócitos durante isquemia aguda. Fármacos hipoglicemiantes orais, tais como glibenclamida e repaglinida, podem provocar a perda dessa proteção por sua propriedade bloqueadora de canais de potássio dependentes de adenosina trifosfato (K-ATP). Já a vildagliptina, pertencente à classe dos inibidores da enzima dipeptidil peptidase 4 (DPP-4), exerce seus efeitos sobre a glicemia principalmente via hormônio peptídeo-1 tipo glucagon (GLP-1). Receptores de GLP-1 estão presentes no miocárdio e seu papel nesse tecido é alvo de investigadores. Este estudo avaliou o efeito da vildagliptina sobre o pré-condicionamento isquêmico em portadores de diabetes mellitus 2 (DM2) e doença coronariana multiarterial estável (DAC). Foram admitidos 54 pacientes diabéticos com doença multiarterial coronariana estável, documentada pela angiografia e com teste ergométrico positivo para isquemia. Na fase 1, betabloqueadores e fármacos hipoglicemiantes orais foram suspensos por 7 dias, e todos paciente foram submetidos a 2 testes ergométricos (TE) seguenciais, com intervalo de descanso de 30 minutos entre eles (TE1 e TE2). Para a fase 2, os pacientes receberam vildagliptina 100mg/dia por 7 dias consecutivos e foram submetidos a mais 2 TE seguenciais (TE3 e TE4). Na fase 1, todos os pacientes desenvolveram isquemia esforço induzida (depressão de ST>=1 mm) no TE1. O tempo para alcançar 1,0mm de depressão do segmento ST (T-1,0mm) em TE2 foi maior que em TE1, caracterizando a presença do PCI em todos os pacientes. Na fase 2, todos desenvolveram isquemia em TE3, e 76% apresentaram isquemia mais tardia em TE4, isto é, aumentaram a tolerância miocárdica em TE4 em comparação a TE3, caracterizando PCI preservado (p<0,001). Somente 24% dos pacientes revelaram bloqueio do PCI (p=0,006). A vildagliptina preservou o pré-condicionamento isquêmico em pacientes com...


Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) refers to the phenomenon in which short periods of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion promote resistance to a subsequent prolonged ischemic insult. Some hypoglycemic drugs, such as glibenclamide and repaglinide, are able to inhibit this protective phenomenon probably by its effects as blockers of adenosine triphosphate-dependent potassium (K-ATP) channels. Moreover, vildagliptin, belonging to the class of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 enzyme (DPP-4) inhibitor, performs its action by incretin system, mainly by hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). GLP-1 receptors are present in various body tissues, including myocardium. Multiple actions of GLP-1 and structurally related GLP-1 agonists have been reported in heart. We aimed to evaluate the effect of vildagliptin on IPC in patients with type 2 diabetes and symptomatic coronary artery disease. We evaluated 54 patients with DM2 and a positive exercise test that also had with multivessel coronary disease confirmed by coronary angiography. In phase I, without drug, all patients underwent 2 consecutive treadmill exercise tests (ET1 and ET2). After that, all patients received vildagliptin 100 mg per day for one week and underwent more 2 more sequential tests (ET3 and ET4). The time interval between the exercises tests was 30 minutes. In phase 1, all patients demonstrated IPC that was observed by the improvement in time to 1mm of ST segment depression (T-1.0mm) in ET2 compared with T1 In phase 2, with vildagliptin, all patients (54) developed ischemia in ET3, however, 76 % (41) of patients showed experienced later ischemia in ET4 compared with ET3 (p<0.001), characterizing IPC preserved. Only 24% (13) patients demonstrated T-1.0mm earlier in ET4 compared with ET3, indicating the cessation of IPC (p=0.006). Vildagliptin did not affect this protective mechanism in a relevant way in patients with type 2 diabetes and symptomatic coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV , Precondicionamento Isquêmico Miocárdico
15.
Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol ; 52(3): 465-72, 2008 Apr.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18506271

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in our population the real prevalence of diabetes (DM) and stress hyperglycemia (HE) in patients with myocardial infarction (IAM) admitted in a cardiologic emergency unit. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 2262 patients with AMI evaluating the prevalence of DM (referred and diagnosed) and stress hyperglycemia. RESULTS: Besides 12.1% of subjects were previously referred to be diabetic (men: 10.7% and women: 15.8%), diabetes was effectively diagnosed in 24.8% (M: 22.9%, W: 29.7%) and stress hyperglycemia in 13.6% HE of the patients (M: 14.3%, W: 11,7%) indicating that glycemic alterations were effectively observed in 37.2.% of the patients with IAM (M: 37.2%, W: 41.4%). In DM subjects IAM events occurred earlier, total intra-hospital mortality was higher (DM: 20.7%, ND: 13.8%, HE: 13.4%) and less surgical procedures were performed (ND 33.8%, DM: 21.7%, HE: 18.0%). CONCLUSION: The elevated DM and stress hyperglycemia prevalence observed in our study indicates that glycemic alterations is one of the most important risk factors for IAM.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Complicações do Diabetes/epidemiologia , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/metabolismo , Feminino , Intolerância à Glucose/epidemiologia , Intolerância à Glucose/metabolismo , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/metabolismo , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais
16.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 52(3): 465-472, abr. 2008. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-482575

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência do diabetes melito (DM) e da hiperglicemia de estresse (HE) em pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) admitidos em unidade de emergência cardiológica. MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva de 2.262 pacientes com IAM, avaliando, além da prevalência de diabetes referido, o diagnosticado e a hiperglicemia de estresse. RESULTADOS: Apesar de referido em 12,1 por cento dos pacientes (H: 10,7 por cento, M: 15,8 por cento), o DM ocorria efetivamente em 24,8 por cento (H: 22,9 por cento, M: 29,7 por cento) e a HE em 13,6 por cento (H: 14,3 por cento, M: 11,7 por cento) dos indivíduos dessa população. Portanto, alterações glicêmicas ocorreram em 37,4 por cento dos indivíduos com IAM (H: 37,2 por cento, M: 41,4 por cento). Nos pacientes com DM, observou-se maior precocidade etária do IAM, maior prevalência de óbitos (DM: 20,7 por cento, ND:13,8 por cento, HE: 13,4 por cento) e de procedimentos cirúrgicos (ND: 33,8 por cento, HE: 18,0 por cento, DM: 21,7 por cento). CONCLUSÃO: A elevada prevalência de DM e hiperglicemia de estresse observada em nosso estudo indica que as alterações glicêmicas constituem um dos mais importantes fatores de risco para o IAM.


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in our population the real prevalence of diabetes (DM) and stress hyperglycemia (HE) in patients with myocardial infarction (IAM) admitted in a cardiologic emergency unit. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 2262 patients with AMI evaluating the prevalence of DM (referred and diagnosed) and stress hyperglycemia. RESULTS: Besides 12,1 percent of subjects were previously referred to be diabetic (men: 10.7 percent and women: 15.8 percent), diabetes was effectively diagnosed in 24,8 percent (M: 22,9 percent, W: 29,7 percent) and stress hyperglycemia in 13,6 percent HE of the patients (M: 14,3 percent, W: 11,7 percent) indicating that glycemic alterations were effectively observed in 37.2. percent of the patients with IAM (M: 37,2 percent, W: 41,4 percent). In DM subjects IAM events occurred earlier, total intra-hospital mortality was higher (DM: 20.7 percent, ND: 13,8 percent, HE: 13,4 percent) and less surgical procedures were performed (ND 33.8 percent, DM: 21.7 percent, HE: 18.0 percent). CONCLUSION: The elevated DM and stress hyperglycemia prevalence observed in our study indicates that glycemic alterations is one of the most important risk factors for IAM.


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glicemia/metabolismo , Complicações do Diabetes/epidemiologia , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/metabolismo , Intolerância à Glucose/epidemiologia , Intolerância à Glucose/metabolismo , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Prevalência , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais
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