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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist about the clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with inferior vena cava agenesis (IVCA) who develop deep vein thrombosis (DVT). METHODS: We used the RIETE (Registro Informatizado Enfermedad Trombo Embólica) registry to compare clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with lower limb DVT, according to the presence or absence of IVCA. Major outcomes included recurrent DVT, major bleeding and post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). RESULTS: Among 50,744 patients with lower-limb DVT recruited in October 2018, 31 (0.06%) had IVCA. On multivariable analysis, patients aged < 30 years (odds ratio [OR]: 17.9; 95%CI: 7.05-45.3), with unprovoked DVT (OR: 2.49; 95%CI: 1.17-5.29), proximal (OR: 2.81; 95%CI: 1.05-7.53) or bilateral DVT (OR: 11.5; 95%CI: 4.75-27.8) were at increased risk to have IVCA. Patients with DVT and IVCA had lower odds to present with coexisting PE (OR: 0.22; 95%CI: 0.07-0.73). During the first year of follow-up, the rates of DVT recurrences (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.30; 95%CI: 0.07-6.43), pulmonary embolism (HR: 2.30; 95%CI: 0.11-11.4) or major bleeding (HR: 1.32; 95%CI: 0.07-6.50) were not significantly different with those with versus those without IVCA. One year after the index DVT, IVCA patients had a higher rate of skin induration (OR: 3.70; 95%CI: 1.30-9.52), collateral vein circulation (OR: 3.57; 95%CI: 1.42-8.79) or venous ulcer (OR: 5.87; 95%CI: 1.36-1.87) in the lower limb than those without IVCA. CONCLUSIONS: Certain clinical features such as unprovoked and bilateral proximal DVT in young patients should raise the suspicion for IVCA. Patients with IVCA had higher odds for symptoms of post-thrombotic syndrome.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 20064, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882805

RESUMO

In young patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE), the predictive value of currently available prognostic tools has not been evaluated. Our objective was to compare prognostic value of 7 available tools (GPS, PESI, sPESI, Prognostic Algorithm, PREP, shock index and RIETE) in patients aged <50 years. We used the RIETE database, including PE patients from 2001 to 2017. The major outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality. Of 34,651 patients with acute PE, 5,822 (17%) were aged <50 years. Of these, 83 (1.4%) died during the first 30 days. Number of patients deemed low risk with tools was: PREP (95.9%), GPS (89.6%), PESI (87.2%), Shock index (70.9%), sPESI (59.4%), Prognostic algorithm (58%) and RIETE score (48.6%). The tools with a highest sensitivity were: Prognostic Algorithm (91.6%; 95% CI: 85.6-97.5), RIETE score (90.4%; 95%CI: 84.0-96.7) and sPESI (88%; 95% CI: 81-95). The RIETE, Prognostic Algorithm and sPESI scores obtained the highest overall sensitivity estimates for also predicting 7- and 90-day all-cause mortality, 30-day PE-related mortality, 30-day major bleeding and 30-day VTE recurrences. The proportion of low-risk patients who died within the first 30 days was lowest using the Prognostic Algorithm (0.2%), RIETE (0.3%) or sPESI (0.3%) scores. In PE patients less 50 years, 30-day mortality was low. Although sPESI, RIETE and Prognostic Algorithm scores were the most sensitive tools to identify patients at low risk to die, other tools should be evaluated in this population to obtain more efficient results.

3.
Thromb Haemost ; 117(6): 1192-1198, 2017 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28276571

RESUMO

Even though the Khorana risk score (KRS) has been validated to predict against the development of VTE among patients with cancer, it has a low positive predictive value. It is also unknown whether the score predicts outcomes in patients with cancer with established VTE. We selected a cohort of patients with active cancer from the RIETE (Registro Informatizado Enfermedad TromboEmbolica) registry to assess the prognostic value of the KRS at inception in predicting the likelihood of VTE recurrences, major bleeding and mortality during the course of anticoagulant therapy. We analysed 7948 consecutive patients with cancer-associated VTE. Of these, 2253 (28 %) scored 0 points, 4550 (57 %) 1-2 points and 1145 (14 %) scored ≥3 points. During the course of anticoagulation, amongst patient with low, moderate and high risk KRS, the rate of VTE recurrences was of 6.21 (95 %CI: 4.99-7.63), 11.2 (95 %CI: 9.91-12.7) and 19.4 (95 %CI: 15.4-24.1) events per 100 patient-years; the rate of major bleeding of 5.24 (95 %CI: 4.13-6.56), 10.3 (95 %CI: 9.02-11.7) and 19.4 (95 %CI: 15.4-24.1) bleeds per 100 patient-years and the mortality rate of 25.3 (95 %CI: 22.8-28.0), 58.5 (95 %CI: 55.5-61.7) and 120 (95 %CI: 110-131) deaths per 100 patient-years, respectively. The C-statistic was 0.53 (0.50-0.56) for recurrent VTE, 0.56 (95 %CI: 0.54-0.59) for major bleeding and 0.54 (95 %CI: 0.52-0.56) for death. In conclusion, most VTEs occur in patients with low or moderate risk scores. The KRS did not accurately predict VTE recurrence, major bleeding, or mortality among patients with cancer-associated thrombosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Projetos de Pesquisa , Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/mortalidade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia , Trombose Venosa/mortalidade
4.
Thromb Res ; 151 Suppl 1: S11-S15, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28262227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) and factor V Leiden (FVL) or prothrombin 20210G-A mutation (PTM), the influence of gender on outcome has not been consistently studied. METHODS: We used the RIETE (Registro Informatizado Enfermedad TromboEmbolica) database to assess the existence of gender differences in the rate of VTE recurrences (deep vein thrombosis [DVT] or pulmonary embolism [PE]) or major bleeding during the course of anticoagulation and after its discontinuation in FVL and PTM carriers. RESULTS: From March 2001 to September 2016, 11,224 VTE patients underwent thrombophilia testing. Of these, 1,563 were FVL carriers (863 men and 700 women) and 1,231 were PTM carriers (659 men and 572 women). During the course of anticoagulant therapy, men with FVL had a 6-fold higher rate of VTE recurrences than major bleeds (31 vs. 5 events). In women with FVL, the rate of VTE recurrences was 2-fold higher (16 vs. 8), as was in men (17 vs. 8) or women (17 vs. 9) with PTM. After discontinuing anticoagulation, men with FVL had a 3-fold higher rate of DVT recurrences than women (hazard ratio [HR]: 3.13; 95% CI: 1.79-5.67), with no differences in PE recurrences. Among patients with PTM, there were no gender differences in the rate of DVT (HR: 1.89; 95% CI: 1.00-3.65) or PE recurrences (HR: 1.82; 95% CI: 0.83-4.12). CONCLUSIONS: During the anticoagulation course, men with FVL are at a much higher risk for VTE recurrences than bleeding. After discontinuing anticoagulation, men with FVL are at an increased risk for DVT recurrences.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fator V/genética , Protrombina/genética , Trombofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Trombofilia/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Recidiva , Fatores Sexuais , Trombofilia/genética , Trombofilia/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Tromboembolia Venosa/genética , Tromboembolia Venosa/patologia
5.
Farm. hosp ; 40(3): 187-208, mayo-jun. 2016. fig, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-152840

RESUMO

Objective: Cost-effectiveness analysis of a 6-month treatment of apixaban (10 mg/12h, first 7 days; 5 mg/12h afterwards) for the treatment of the first event of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and prevention of recurrences, versus low-molecular-weight heparins/vitamin K antagonists treatment (LMWH/VKA). Material and methods: A lifetime Markov model with 13 health states was used for describing the course of the disease. Efficacy and safety data were obtained from AMPLIFY and AMPLIFY-EXT clinical trials; health outcomes were measured as life years gained (LYG) and quality-adjusted life years (QALY). The chosen perspective of this analysis has been the Spanish National Health System (NHS). Drugs, management of VTE and complications costs were obtained from several Spanish data sources (€, 2014). A 3% discount rate was applied to health outcomes and costs. Univariate and probabilistic sensitivity analyses (SA) were performed in order to assess the robustness of the results. Results: Apixaban was the most effective therapy with 7.182 LYG and 5.865 QALY, versus 7.160 LYG and 5.838 QALYs with LMWH/VKA. Furthermore, apixaban had a lower total cost (€13,374.70 vs €13,738.30). Probabilistic SA confirmed dominance of apixaban (led to better health outcomes with less associated costs) in 89% of the simulations. Conclusions: Apixaban 5 mg/12h versus LMWH/VKA was an efficient therapeutic strategy for the treatment and prevention of recurrences of VTE from the NHS perspective (AU)


Objetivo: Analizar la relación coste-efectividad de 6 meses de tratamiento con apixaban (10 mg/12 h, 7 primeros días; 5 mg/12 h después) para el primer evento de tromboembolismo venoso (TEV) y prevención de recurrencias, frente a heparinas de bajo peso molecular/antagonistas de vitamina K (HBPM/ AVK). Material y métodos: Se ha empleado un modelo de Markov con 13 estados de salud que describen la evolución de la enfermedad a lo largo de la vida de los pacientes. Los datos de eficacia y seguridad se han obtenido de los ensayos clínicos AMPLIFY y AMPLIFY-EXT, calculándose los años de vida ganados (AVG) y los años de vida ajustados por calidad (AVAC) de las opciones terapéuticas evaluadas. En este análisis se adoptó la perspectiva del Sistema Nacional de Salud (SNS). El coste de la medicación, de las complicaciones y del manejo del TEV se obtuvo de distintas fuentes españolas (€, 2014). Se aplicó una tasa de descuento anual del 3% a costes y beneficios en salud. Se realizaron análisis de sensibilidad univariante y probabilístico (ASP) para evaluar la robustez de los resultados. Resultados: Apixaban generó mejores resultados en salud con 7,182 AVG y 5,865 AVAC, frente a 7,160 AVG y 5,838 AVAC para HBPM/AVK, y con menor coste total (13.374,70 € versus 13.738,30 €). El ASP confirmó la dominancia de apixaban (produce mejores resultados con menores costes asociados) en el 89% de las simulaciones. Conclusiones: Apixaban 5 mg/12 h versus HBPM/AVK fue una estrategia eficiente para el SNS en el tratamiento y prevención de recurrencias de TEV (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Fibrinolíticos/farmacocinética , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/farmacocinética , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores do Fator Xa/farmacocinética , Análise Custo-Benefício , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Anticoagulantes/farmacocinética , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Farm Hosp ; 40(3): 187-208, 2016 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27145388

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cost-effectiveness analysis of a 6-month treatment of apixaban (10 mg/12h, first 7 days; 5 mg/12h afterwards) for the treatment of the first event of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and prevention of recurrences, versus low-molecular-weight heparins/vitamin K antagonists treatment (LMWH/VKA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A lifetime Markov model with 13 health states was used for describing the course of the disease. Efficacy and safety data were obtained from AMPLIFY and AMPLIFY-EXT clinical trials; health outcomes were measured as life years gained (LYG) and quality-adjusted life years (QALY). The chosen perspective of this analysis has been the Spanish National Health System (NHS). Drugs, management of VTE and complications costs were obtained from several Spanish data sources (€, 2014). A 3% discount rate was applied to health outcomes and costs. Univariate and probabilistic sensitivity analyses (SA) were performed in order to assess the robustness of the results. RESULTS: Apixaban was the most effective therapy with 7.182 LYG and 5.865 QALY, versus 7.160 LYG and 5.838 QALYs with LMWH/VKA. Furthermore, apixaban had a lower total cost (€13,374.70 vs €13,738.30). Probabilistic SA confirmed dominance of apixaban (led to better health outcomes with less associated costs) in 89% of the simulations. CONCLUSIONS: Apixaban 5 mg/12h versus LMWH/VKA was an efficient therapeutic strategy for the treatment and prevention of recurrences of VTE from the NHS perspective.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/economia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/economia , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Pirazóis/economia , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/economia , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Cadeias de Markov , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Prevenção Secundária , Espanha , Resultado do Tratamento , Tromboembolia Venosa/economia
7.
Thromb Res ; 135(2): 311-7, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25543161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Even in the absence of evidence on its long-term efficacy and safety, a number of patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) receive long-term therapy with fondaparinux alone in everyday practice. METHODS: We used the Registro Informatizado de Enfermedad Tromboembólica (RIETE) registry to compare the rate of VTE recurrences and major bleeding at 10 and 90 days in patients with and without cancer. For long-term therapy, fondaparinux was compared with vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in patients without cancer and with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in those with cancer. RESULTS: Of 47,378 patients recruited, 46,513 were initially treated with heparin, 865 with fondaparinux. Then, 263 patients (78 with cancer) were treated for at least 3 months with fondaparinux. After propensity-score matching, there were no differences between patients receiving initial therapy with heparin or fondaparinux. Among patients with cancer, there were no differences between fondaparinux and LMWH. Among patients without cancer, the long-term use of fondaparinux was associated with an increased risk of major bleeding (3.24 % vs. 0.95 %, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: An unexpected high rate of major bleeding was observed in non-cancer patients treated with long-term fondaparinux. Our small sample does not allow to derive relevant conclusions on the use of fondaparinux in cancer patients.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fondaparinux , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Diabetes Care ; 25(12): 2249-55, 2002 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12453969

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In a recent study, iron chelation with deferoxamine led to improvement of endothelial dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease. We tested the hypothesis that decreasing circulating iron stores might improve vascular dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes and increased serum ferritin concentration. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 28 type 2 diabetic male patients with serum ferritin levels >200 ng/ml ( approximately 18% of consecutive type 2 diabetic men attending our outpatient clinic) were randomized to iron depletion (three extractions of 500 ml blood at 2-week intervals; group 1A) or to observation (group 1B). C282Y mutation was absent in all patients. Vascular reactivity (high-resolution external ultrasound) was evaluated at baseline and at 4 and 12 months thereafter. The two groups of patients were matched for age, BMI, pharmacological treatment, and chronic diabetic complications. RESULTS: Endothelium-dependent vasodilation remained essentially unchanged in both groups of patients. In contrast, the vasodilation induced by glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) improved significantly after iron depletion (P = 0.006). These changes occurred in parallel to decreases in transferrin saturation index and HbA(1c) levels (-0.6%, P < 0.05) only in group 1A patients. The best predictor of the modifications in endothelium-independent vasodilation was the change in HbA(1c) levels. Changes in endothelium-independent vasodilation also correlated with the change in serum ferritin (r = -0.45, P = 0.04). At 12 months, transferrin saturation index and GTN-induced vasodilation returned to values similar to those at baseline in both groups of subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Iron depletion improves vascular dysfunction in type 2 diabetic patients with high ferritin concentrations. The mechanisms by which these changes occur should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Ferritinas/sangue , Vasodilatação/fisiologia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Glicemia/metabolismo , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Ferro/sangue , Ferro/deficiência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nitroglicerina/farmacologia , Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Diabetes ; 51(4): 1000-4, 2002 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11916918

RESUMO

Iron-related insulin-resistance is improved by iron depletion or treatment with iron chelators. The aim of this study was to evaluate insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion after blood letting in patients who had high-ferritin type 2 diabetes and were randomized to blood letting (three phlebotomies [500 ml of blood] at 2-week intervals, group 1) or to observation (group 2). Insulin secretion and sensitivity were tested at baseline and 4 and 12 months thereafter. The two groups were matched for age, BMI, pharmacologic treatment, and chronic diabetic complications. All patients were negative for C282Y mutation of hereditary hemochromatosis. Baseline glycated hemoglobin (6.27 +/- 0.9% vs. 6.39 +/- 1.2%), insulin sensitivity (2.75 +/- 1.8 vs. 3.2 +/- 2.1 mg.dl(-1).min(-1)), and area under the curve for C-peptide (AUC(C-peptide); 38.7 +/- 11.6 vs. 37.6 +/- 14.1 ng.ml(-1).min(-1)) were not significantly different between the two groups of patients. Body weight, blood pressure, blood hematocrit levels, and drug treatment remained essentially unchanged during the study period. As expected, serum ferritin, transferrin saturation index, and blood hemoglobin decreased significantly at 4 months only in patients who received blood letting. In parallel to this changes, blood HbA(1c) decreased significantly only in group 1 subjects (mean differences, -0.61; 95% CI, -0.17 to -1.048; P = 0.01). AUC(C-peptide) decreased by -10.2 +/- 6.3% after blood letting. In contrast, a 10.4 +/- 6.4% increase in AUC(C-peptide) was noted in group 2 subjects at 4 months (P = 0.032). At 12 months, AUC(C-peptide) returned to values not significantly different from baseline in the two groups of subjects. At 4 months, the change in insulin sensitivity from baseline was significantly different between the two groups (80.6 +/- 43.2% vs. -8.6 +/- 9.9% in groups 1 and 2, respectively, P = 0.049). At 12 months, the differences between the two groups were even more marked (55.5 +/- 24.8% vs. -26.8 +/- 9.9%; P = 0.005). When the analysis was restricted to those subjects who completed the follow-up until 12 months, results did not show differences compared with the changes observed at 4 months, except for insulin sensitivity. A statistically significant increase in insulin sensitivity was observed in the blood-letting group (from 2.30 +/- 1.81 to 3.08 +/- 2.55 mg.dl(-1).min(-1) at 4 months, to 3.16 +/- 1.85 mg.dl(-1).min(-1) at 12 months; P = 0,045) in contrast with group 2 subjects (from 3.24 +/- 1.9 to 3.26 +/- 2.05 mg.dl(-1).min(-1) at 4 months, to 2.31 +/- 1.35 mg.dl(-1).min(-1) at 12 months). In summary, blood letting led simultaneously to decreased blood HbA(1c) levels and to changes in insulin secretion and insulin resistance that were significantly different from those observed in a matched observational group of subjects with high-ferritin type 2 diabetes. The mechanisms for improvement in peripheral insulin sensitivity after blood letting should be investigated further.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Ferritinas/sangue , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Insulina/metabolismo , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Flebotomia , Análise de Variância , Área Sob a Curva , Glicemia/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea , Peptídeo C/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Glucagon/sangue , Hematócrito , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Secreção de Insulina , Fumar , Transferrina/metabolismo
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