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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the 12-month clinical outcomes of patients treated with Magmaris or Orsiro. Second generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold Magmaris (Dreams 2G) has proved to be safe and effective in the BIOSOLVE-II study. Similarly, biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent, Orsiro has shown notable clinical results even in all-comer populations. METHODS: Magmaris group patients were taken from the BIOSOLVE-II and BIOSOLVE-III trials, while the patients from Orsiro group were enrolled in BIOFLOW-II trial. The primary outcome was explored using a time-to-event assessment of the unadjusted clinical outcomes for target lesion failure (TLF) at 12 months, followed by a multivariate analysis adjusting for all the significantly different covariates between the groups. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 482 patients (521 lesions), 184 patients (189 lesions) in Magmaris group and 298 patients (332 lesions) in Orsiro group. The mean age was 65.5 ±â€¯10.8 and 62.7 ±â€¯10.4 years in Magmaris and Orsiro groups, respectively (p = 0.005). Magmaris and Orsiro unadjusted TLF rates were 6.0 and 6.4% with no significant difference between the groups (p = 0.869). In the multivariate analysis, there were no meaningful differences between Magmaris and Orsiro groups. Finally, none of the groups presented device thrombosis cases at 12 months. CONCLUSION: At 12 months there were no significant differences between Magmaris and Orsiro groups neither in the unadjusted assessment nor in the multivariate analysis for target lesion failure. These results should be taken as hypothesis generating and may warrant a head to head comparison on a randomized fashion.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780420

RESUMO

This is a case of a 56-year-old female who presented with inferior ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), treated with percutaneous intervention (PCI), which was complicated by a retained guidewire extending from left circumflex artery (at location of obtuse marginal (OM) stent) through the ascending aorta, the right brachiocephalic artery and into the right axillary artery. Patient underwent cardiac CT, with maximum intensity projection image showing the course of the retained guidewire. Percutaneous retrieval was deferred due to risk of damaging the stent, and the patient initially deferred coronary artery bypass (CABG) and surgical retrieval as. She was discharged on triple therapy with Aspirin, Clopidogril and Apixaban for 3 months with no bleeding or thromboembolic complications on a 3-month follow up with cardiology clinic, during which rediscussion of risks and benefits of CABG and surgical retrieval or retained wire took place with the patient. Patient agreed to undergo the procedure and guidewire was retrieved surgically and CABG was done.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662277

RESUMO

Since October 8, 2013, the second-generation drug-eluting resorbable magnesium scaffold (RMS) has been used to treat coronary lesions. At present, the second-generation drug-eluting RMS is clinically available in Europe, some South American countries, and some Asian and African countries. Furthermore, patients are currently being enrolled in ongoing post-marketing trials. This device has the potential to be an alternative to drug-eluting stents in the future, but there is not yet sufficient evidence. This review provides the latest available evidence, comparison with other bioresorbable scaffolds, future perspectives, and discussion of clinical case reports with second-generation drug-eluting RMS. SUMMARY: Favorable outcomes have been reported after second-generation drug-eluting RMS implantation. More long-term clinical outcomes for this novel device are still required in the future.

6.
Lancet ; 394(10209): 1629-1637, 2019 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) intravascular ultrasound imaging can detect lipid-rich plaques (LRPs). LRPs are associated with acute coronary syndromes or myocardial infarction, which can result in revascularisation or cardiac death. In this study, we aimed to establish the relationship between LRPs detected by NIRS-intravascular ultrasound imaging at unstented sites and subsequent coronary events from new culprit lesions. METHODS: In this prospective, cohort study (LRP), patients from 44 medical centres were enrolled in Italy, Latvia, Netherlands, Slovakia, UK, and the USA. Patients with suspected coronary artery disease who underwent cardiac catheterisation with possible ad hoc percutaneous coronary intervention were eligible to be enrolled. Enrolled patients underwent scanning of non-culprit segments using NIRS-intravascular ultrasound imaging. The study had two hierarchal primary hypotheses, patient and plaque, each testing the association between maximum 4 mm Lipid Core Burden Index (maxLCBI4mm) and non-culprit major adverse cardiovascular events (NC-MACE). Enrolled patients with large LRPs (≥250 maxLCBI4mm) and a randomly selected half of patients with small LRPs (<250 maxLCBI4mm) were followed up for 24 months. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02033694. FINDINGS: Between Feb 21, 2014, and March 30, 2016, 1563 patients were enrolled. NIRS-intravascular ultrasound device-related events were seen in six (0·4%) patients. 1271 patients (mean age 64 years, SD 10, 883 [69%] men, 388 [31%]women) with analysable maxLCBI4mm were allocated to follow-up. The 2-year cumulative incidence of NC-MACE was 9% (n=103). Both hierarchical primary hypotheses were met. On a patient level, the unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) for NC-MACE was 1·21 (95% CI 1·09-1·35; p=0·0004) for each 100-unit increase maxLCBI4mm) and adjusted HR 1·18 (1·05-1·32; p=0·0043). In patients with a maxLCBI4mm more than 400, the unadjusted HR for NC-MACE was 2·18 (1·48-3·22; p<0·0001) and adjusted HR was 1·89 (1·26-2·83; p=0·0021). At the plaque level, the unadjusted HR was 1·45 (1·30-1·60; p<0·0001) for each 100-unit increase in maxLCBI4mm. For segments with a maxLCBI4mm more than 400, the unadjusted HR for NC-MACE was 4·22 (2·39-7·45; p<0·0001) and adjusted HR was 3·39 (1·85-6·20; p<0·0001). INTERPRETATION: NIRS imaging of non-obstructive territories in patients undergoing cardiac catheterisation and possible percutaneous coronary intervention was safe and can aid in identifying patients and segments at higher risk for subsequent NC-MACE. NIRS-intravascular ultrasound imaging adds to the armamentarium as the first diagnostic tool able to detect vulnerable patients and plaques in clinical practice. FUNDING: Infraredx.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578638

RESUMO

Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acute cardiac event without epicardial coronary obstruction but often with reversible ventricular motion abnormalities. Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel approach to evaluate the coronary stenosis significance on the basis of 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) and contrast flow by Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction frame count. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the QFR value in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and the left circumflex artery (LCx) in patients with TTS. This retrospective and observational study enrolled 30 patients with TTS who underwent coronary angiography. We evaluated the QFR data using the 3D-QCA analysis and compared the QFR data in the LAD and the LCx. No significant differences were observed in terms of flow velocity, percent diameter stenosis, minimum lumen diameter, and reference diameter between LAD and LCx. However, vessel QFR in the LAD was significantly reduced compared with that in the LCx (0.98 [0.94 to 0.99] vs. 1.00 [0.99 to 1.00], P < 0.001). Ejection fraction at baseline and initial troponin-I levels were not correlated with the vessel QFR both in the LAD and the LCx. The QFR value in the LAD was significantly reduced compared to that in the LCx in patients with TTS.

8.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Uncertainty remains regarding the exact prognostic impact of biomarker elevation following percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with stable angina pectoris and the subsequent risk of death. We sought, therefore, to evaluate the effect of periprocedural myocardial infarction on the subsequent mortality risk following percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with stable angina pectoris and normal preprocedural cardiac biomarkers level. METHODS: After a systematic literature search was done in PubMed and EMBASE, we performed a meta-analysis of studies with post-procedural cardiac biomarkers data. All-cause mortality and cardiac death were evaluated in subjects with stable angina pectoris who underwent an elective coronary intervention. RESULTS: Fourteen studies with 24 666 patients were included. The mean age was 64.2 years ± 9.8 with about 3-quarters (74.9%) of these patients being men. The mean duration of follow-up was 18.1 months ± 14.3. Periprocedural myocardial infarction, based on study-specific biomarker criteria, occurred in 14.3% of the patients. Periprocedural myocardial infarction conferred a statistically significant increase in the risk of all-cause mortality (odds ratio, 1.62; 95% confidence interval, 1.30-2.01; P < 0.0001; I = 0%); where reported separately, cardiac death was also significantly increase (odds ratio, 2.77; 95% confidence interval, 1.60-4.80; P = 0.0003; I = 0%). CONCLUSION: The occurrence of periprocedural myocardial infarction after an elective percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with stable angina pectoris is associated with a statistically significant increase in subsequent all-cause mortality and cardiac mortality.

9.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(19): 1954-1962, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601389

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the association between biomarker elevation, with creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB) or cardiac troponin (cTn), following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and mortality in patients undergoing PCI for stable angina with normal baseline values. BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown a strong association between post-PCI CK-MB elevation and subsequent mortality. However, the prognostic significance of troponin elevation following coronary intervention is still debated. METHODS: Patient-level data from 5 contemporary coronary stent trials and 1 large registry were pooled. Mortality of patients with stable angina, with normal baseline biomarkers, was compared between patients with and those without different cutoff values of cTn and CK-MB. RESULTS: A total of 13,452 patients were included in this pooled analysis. The overall percentage of patients with elevated biomarkers following PCI was 23.9% for CK-MB and 68.4% for cTn. In the patient cohort for whom both assays were available (n = 8,859), 2.4% had both CK-MB ≥5 × the upper limit of normal (ULN) and cTn ≥35 × ULN, while 92% had both CK-MB <5 × ULN and cTn <35 × ULN. Among patients with CK-MB ≥5 × ULN (n = 315), 212 (67.3%) also had cTn ≥35 × ULN. Conversely, 390 of patients (64.8%) who had cTn ≥35 × ULN did not have CK-MB ≥5 × ULN. A total of 259 patients (1.9%) died at 1 year; 20 (7.7%) had CK-MB ≥5 × ULN, and 23 (8.8%) had cTn ≥35 × ULN. In the Cox multivariate analysis, in which the CK-MB and cTn ratios post-procedure were forced into the model, age, prior myocardial infarction, lesion complexity, hyperlipidemia, and CK-MB ratio (≥10) post-procedure were associated with increased 1-year mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Following elective PCI in patients in stable condition treated with second-generation drug-eluting stent, CK-MB and cTn elevations remain common. After multivariate adjustment, there was an increased mortality rate with elevation of CK-MB after PCI, whereas cTn elevation was not independently associated with mortality at 1 year.

11.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. ; 20(8): 916-924, Ago. 2019. tabela, gráfico, ilustração
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1024905

RESUMO

AIMS : Second-generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold (DREAMS 2G) is an alternative novel device for treating coronary lesions. However, the relationship between in-scaffold dimensions after implantation of DREAMS 2G and vessel healing and luminal results at follow-up is unknown. The aim of this study is, therefore, to investigate whether the expansion index after implantation of DREAMS 2G as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) impacts late luminal status and healing of the vessel wall. METHODS AND RESULTS : This study comprises of a total 65 out of 123 patients who were enrolled in the BIOSOLVE-II trial. We assessed both qualitative and quantitative OCT findings and the expansion index of DREAMS 2G after implantation frame by frame using OCT. Expansion index was defined as minimum scaffold area/mean reference lumen area. The over-expansion group was also defined with expansion index >1.0. The total number of analyzed frames at post-procedure and 6-month follow-up was 8243 and 8263 frames, respectively. At 6-month follow-up, in-scaffold healing was documented by the reduction of 82% in dissections, 93% in attached intra-luminal mass (ILM), 65% in non-attached ILM, and 76% in jailed side branch. The over-expansion group had significantly greater in-scaffold luminal volume loss (LVL) compared with the non-over-expansion group [over-expansion: 35.0 (18.5-52.1) mm3 vs. non-over-expansion: 21.0 (11.6-37.9) mm3, P = 0.039]. CONCLUSION : Excellent in vivo healing process after implantation of DREAMS 2G was observed at 6 months. We found that higher expansion indices were associated with higher in-scaffold LVL at 6 months assessed by OCT. (AU)


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Stents Farmacológicos
12.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 12(6): 608-610, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367899

RESUMO

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage and repair signaling cascades are related to the development of atherosclerosis. Pathological studies have demonstrated that healed coronary plaque rupture (HCPR) contributes to plaque progression and predisposes to sudden ischemic cardiac death. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between HCPR detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and DNA ligase. Forty-two patients with both OCT and DNA ligase were prospectively enrolled. The population included patients with stable angina pectoris (SA) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). It was found that the prevalence of HCPR was greater in subjects with higher DNA ligase activity (correlation coefficient 0.36, p = 0.019). The presence of HCPR in patients with NSTEMI was greater than in patients with SA per OCT analysis; however, there was no statistical difference in this limited population (22.53% versus 12.83%, respectively, p = 0.116). DNA repair activity by DNA ligase was associated with HCPR in advanced coronary artery plaque by OCT.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1009597

RESUMO

Non-adherence has been well recognized for years to be a common issue that significantly impacts clinical outcomes and health care costs. Medication adherence is remarkably low even in the controlled environment of clinical trials where it has potentially complex major implications. Collection of non-adherence data diverge markedly among cardiovascular randomized trials and, even where collected, is rarely incorporated in the statistical analysis to test the consistency of the primary endpoint(s). The imprecision introduced by the inconsistent assessment of non-adherence in clinical trials might confound the estimate of the calculated efficacy of the study drug. Hence, clinical trials may not accurately answer the scientific question posed by regulators, who seek an accurate estimate of the true efficacy and safety of treatment, or the question posed by payers, who want a reliable estimate of the effectiveness of treatment in the marketplace after approval. The Non-adherence Academic Research Consortium is a collaboration among leading academic research organizations, representatives from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and physician-scientists from the USA and Europe. One in-person meeting was held in Madrid, Spain, culminating in a document describing consensus recommendations for reporting, collecting, and analysing adherence endpoints across clinical trials. The adoption of these recommendations will afford robustness and consistency in the comparative safety and effectiveness evaluation of investigational drugs from early development to post-marketing approval studies. These principles may be useful for regulatory assessment, as well as for monitoring local and regional outcomes to guide quality improvement initiatives.(AU)


Assuntos
Adesão à Medicação
17.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(12): 2139-2146, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352559

RESUMO

Percentage diameter stenosis (%DS) by angiography is still commonly used to determine luminal obstruction of coronary artery disease (CAD) lesions. While visual estimation of %DS is widespread, because of high inter-operator variability, quantitative coronary arteriography (QCA) analysis is the gold standard. There are two %DS formulas: %DS1 averages the proximal and distal reference vessel diameter (RVD); %DS2 interpolates the RVD. This study aims to evaluate the difference between %DS assessed by QCA in two datasets, phantom lesion models and CAD patients. Ten phantom lesion models (PLMs) and 354 CAD lesions from the FIRST trial were assessed by QCA. In the latter, two scenarios were assessed: Scenario A (worst view), the most common approach in the clinical setting; and Scenario B (average of two complementary views), the standard core-laboratory analysis. In the PLMs, %DS1 and %DS2 mean ± standard deviation (median) was 58.5 ± 21.7 (61.6) and 58.7 ± 21.6 (61.8), respectively, with a signed difference of - 0.2% ± 0.3% (- 0.1%). In Scenario A, the mean %DS1 was 43.8 ± 9.1 (43.3) and 44.0 ± 9.1 (42 .9) in %DS2. In Scenario B, the mean %DS1 was 45.3 ± 8.8 (45.1) and 45.5 ± 9.0 (45.1) in %DS2. The signed difference was - 0.2% ± 2.4% (0.0%) and - 0.2% ± 2.1% (0.0%) in Scenario A and B, respectively. These differences between formulas ranged from - 1.2 to 0.5% for the phantom cases compared to - 17.7% to 7.7% in Scenario A and to - 15.5% to 7.1% in Scenario B. Although the overall means of the formulas provide similar results, significant lesion-level differences are observed. The use of the worst view versus the average of two views provided similar results.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202749

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the utility of multimodality intravascular imaging and of the endothelial shear stress (ESS) distribution to predict atherosclerotic evolution. BACKGROUND: There is robust evidence that intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-derived plaque characteristics and ESS distribution can predict, with however limited accuracy, atherosclerotic evolution; nevertheless, it is yet unclear whether multimodality imaging and ESS mapping enable more accurate prediction of coronary plaque progression. METHODS: A total of 44 patients admitted with a myocardial infarction that had successful revascularization and 3-vessel IVUS and optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging at baseline and 13-month follow-up were included in the study. The IVUS data acquired at baseline in the nonculprit vessels were fused with x-ray angiography to reconstruct coronary anatomy and in the obtained models blood flow simulation was performed and the ESS was estimated. The baseline plaque characteristics and ESS distribution were used to identify predictors of disease progression: defined as a lumen reduction and an increase in plaque burden at follow-up. RESULTS: Seventy-three vessels were included in the final analysis. Baseline ESS and the IVUS-derived but not the OCT-derived plaque characteristics were independently associated with a decrease in lumen area and an increase in plaque burden. Low ESS (odds ratio: 0.45; 95% confidence interval: 0.28 to 0.71; p < 0.001) and plaque burden (odds ratio: 0.73; 95% confidence interval: 0.54 to 0.97; p = 0.030) were the only independent predictors of disease progression at follow-up. The accuracy of the IVUS-derived plaque characteristics in predicting disease progression did not improve when ESS (AUC: 0.824 vs. 0.847; p = 0.127) or when OCT variables and ESS (AUC: 0.842; p = 0.611) were added into the model. CONCLUSIONS: ESS and OCT-derived variables did not improve the efficacy of IVUS in predicting disease progression. Further research is required to investigate whether multimodality imaging combined with ESS mapping will allow more reliable vulnerable plaque detection. (Comparison of Biomatrix Versus Gazelle in ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction [STEMI] [COMFORTABLE]; NCT00962416).

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