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1.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 45(4): 224-232, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534308

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive techniques that use silver compounds and glass ionomer cement are suggested for caries management due to their effectiveness, simplicity, and low cost. The aim of this review is to examine the evidence supporting the use of silver compounds and glass ionomer cement in dentistry. STUDY DESIGN: Literature was searched using PubMed, Elsevier, EBSCO, Google scholar, AAPD and UABC's database from 1958 to 2018 with the keywords: "Silver nitrate", "silver diamine fluoride", and "glass ionomer cement". The selected studies were then fully read to prove their relevance for this review. RESULTS: The use of glass ionomer cement and silver compounds were shown to be effective in arresting caries. These compounds reduce cariogenic microorganisms. Their chemical properties inhibit bacterial growth while promoting remineralization. They are simpler and less time consuming than conventional restorations. They also cause less discomfort and anxiety to patients. Silver compounds were shown to stain teeth and may burn the cornea if used in high concentration. These disadvantages limit the use of silver compounds to posterior teeth and require caution when handling. CONCLUSIONS: Minimally invasive therapies are easy to apply, non-invasive and affordable. Further studies should be done to provide more evidence of these techniques for caries management.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Odontologia , Fluoretos Tópicos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Humanos
2.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 42(4): e1-e4, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469177

RESUMO

The wear of dentures carries with it the possibility of an inflammatory response by the denture-bearing tissues. Lack of or improper hygiene has been shown to contribute to denture stomatitis (DS). Although essential, denture hygiene is often overlooked by patients or performed improperly. As professional caregivers dentists must instruct patients and ensure that they understand the relevance and importance of denture hygiene. In light of this, the authors conducted a critical review of the literature on protocols and procedures to highlight the importance of denture hygiene and clinically show the effects of lack of denture care. A literature search was done through Google, PubMed, and Google Scholar that focused on publications published in English that dealt with denture hygiene and the disinfection process and on the protocols used. Relevant articles for protocols for denture disinfections were reviewed, and the results of different disinfection techniques were assessed, including manual, chemical, microwave, and a combination of techniques. The authors conclude that dentists must take time to instruct patients on proper denture disinfection procedures and the importance of cleaning the dentures well at least once daily. Denture hygiene and removal prior to sleeping is beneficial in preventing DS and allowing the tissue to achieve a state of homeostasis.


Assuntos
Estomatite sob Prótese , Dentaduras , Desinfecção , Humanos , Higiene , Higiene Bucal , Estomatite sob Prótese/etiologia
3.
Am J Dent ; 34(4): 201-204, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370912

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of light irradiation on the clinical efficiency of an in-office whitening agent. METHODS: The in-office whitening agent (Opalescence Boost 35%) was used in this study. Two whitening regimens were evaluated on maxillary anterior teeth: (1) with light irradiation; and (2) without light irradiation. The ΔE*, changes of L*, a*, b*, and the best shade match on the central incisor before, immediately after, and 6 months after whitening procedures were evaluated using a dental spectrophotometer. RESULTS: The ΔE and shade had no significant differences with or without light irradiation. In addition, the ΔE, changes of L*, a*, b*, and shade did not change over 6 months after bleaching at a level detectable to the naked eye. The results suggested that the in-office whitening agent using 35% hydrogen peroxide without photocatalysts can improve tooth color with or without light irradiation for 6 months after whitening. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: In office whitening using 35% hydrogen peroxide without photocatalysts should be considered as a good treatment option for vital teeth whitening.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Dente , Cor , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareadores Dentários/uso terapêutico
4.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(16)2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34451153

RESUMO

To evaluate the flexural and bonding properties, marginal adaptation, and polymerization shrinkage in flowable composite restorations and their relationships, four new generation flowable composites, one conventional, and one bulk-fill flowable composite were used in this study. Flexural properties of the composites and shear bond strength to enamel and dentin for flowable restorations were measured immediately and 24 h after polymerization. Marginal adaptation, polymerization shrinkage, and stress were also investigated immediately after polymerization. The flexural properties, and bond strength of the flowable composites to enamel and dentin were much lower immediately after polymerization than at 24 h, regardless of the type of the composite. Polymerization shrinkage and stress varied depending on the material, and bulk-fill flowable composite showed much lower values than the others. The marginal adaptation and polymerization shrinkage of the composites appeared to have a much stronger correlation with a shear bond strength to dentin than to enamel. The weak mechanical properties and bond strengths of flowable composites in the early stage after polymerization must be taken into account when using them in the clinic. In addition, clinicians should be aware that polymerization shrinkage of flowable composites can still lead to the formation of gaps and failure of adaptation to the cavity regardless of the type of composite.

5.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702211034164, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342550

RESUMO

Due to the essential role of dentists in stopping the COVID-19 pandemic, the purpose of this review is to help dentists to detect any weaknesses in their disinfection and cross-contamination prevention protocols, and to triage dental treatments to meet the needs of patients during the pandemic. We used PRISMA to identify peer-reviewed publications which supplemented guidance from the center for disease control about infection control and guidelines for dentists. Dentists must triage dental treatments to meet the needs of patients during the pandemic. The ongoing pandemic has changed the practice of dentistry forever, the changes make it more cumbersome, time-consuming, and costly due to the possible pathways of transmission and mitigation steps needed to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Dental chairside rapid tests for SARS-CoV-2 are urgently needed. Until then, dentists need to screen patients for COVID-19 even though 75% of people with COVID-19 have no symptoms. Despite the widespread anxiety and fear of the devastating health effects of COVID-19, only 61% of dentists have implemented a change to their treatment protocols. As an urgent matter of public health, all dentists must identify the additional steps they can take to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The most effective steps to stop the pandemic in dental offices are to; vaccinate all dentists, staff, and patients; triage dental treatments for patients, separate vulnerable patients, separate COVID-19 patients, prevent cross-contamination, disinfect areas touched by patients, maintain social distancing, and change personal protective equipment between patients.

6.
Am J Dent ; 34(3): 157-162, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143586

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of different substrate stiffness [sound dentin (SD), resin composite core (RC) or metal core (MC)] on the stress distribution of a zirconia posterior three-unit fixed partial denture (FPD). METHODS: The abutment teeth (first molar and first premolar) were modeled, containing 1.5 mm of axial reduction, and converging axial walls. A static structural analysis was performed using a finite element method and the maximum principal stress criterion to analyze the fixed partial denture (FPD) and the cement layers of both abutment teeth. The materials were considered isotropic, linear, elastic, homogeneous and with bonded contacts. An axial load (300 N) was applied to the occlusal surface of the second premolar. RESULTS: The region of the prosthetic connectors showed the highest tensile stress magnitude in the FPD structure depending on the substrate stiffness with different core materials. The highest stress peak was observed with the use of MC (116.4 MPa) compared to RC and SD. For the cement layer, RC showed the highest values in the molar abutment (14.7 MPa) and the highest values for the premolar abutment (14.4 MPa) compared to SD (14.1 and 13.4 MPa) and MC (13.8 and 13.3 MPa). Both metal core and resin composite core produced adequate stress concentration in the zirconia fixed partial denture during the load incidence. However, more flexible substrates, such as composite cores, can increase the tensile stress magnitude on the cement. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The present study shows that the choice of the cast core and metallic post by the resin composite core and fiberglass post did not improve the biomechanical behavior of the FPD. This choice must be performed based on clinical criteria (other) than mechanical.


Assuntos
Prótese Parcial Fixa , Zircônio , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Estresse Mecânico
7.
Eur J Oral Sci ; 129(5): e12799, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057777

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bonding and wear properties of self-adhesive flowable restorative materials. Five self-adhesive flowable restorative materials were used. The study parameters were: (i) shear bond strengths; (ii) microleakage; (iii) occlusal wear; and (iv) qualitative evaluation of the bonding interface. The range of shear bond strengths of the materials was as follows: 7.4-12.2 MPa to ground enamel, 22.5-32.5 MPa to etched enamel, and 1.3-4.2 MPa to dentin. The microleakage scores of the materials did not show any statistically significant differences regardless of the presence or absence of etching. The wear facets on the materials showed 0.099-0.447 mm3 of volume loss and 148.6-365.3 µm maximum depth, with statistically significant differences between materials. Scanning electron microscopic images of the interfaces of the materials showed good adaptation regardless of substrate. The bonding and wear properties of self-adhesive flowable restorative materials were still limited and showed lower values than previously reported results for nanofilled composites with an adhesive system. Selective enamel etching can improve the bonding performance of these materials.

8.
Am J Dent ; 34(2): 80-86, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940664

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the effect on micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) of a double layer application of three universal adhesives applied in self-etch mode to proximal dentin/cementum gingival margins of class II direct composite restorations, immediately and after 12 months water storage. METHODS: 66 molars with compound class II cavities, with gingival margin 1 mm below CEJ, were divided into three groups according to the universal adhesive used. The adhesives evaluated included All-Bond Universal (AB), Single Bond Universal (SB), and Prime&Bond Elect (PB). The groups were further subdivided according to adhesive application technique, either single layer or double layer application. All teeth were restored with the same nanofilled resin composite. µTBS were examined at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/minute after 24 hours or 12 months water storage. Fracture mode was assessed under stereomicroscope. Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's post hoc test (P< 0.05). RESULTS: The double layer application µTBS values were significantly higher than single layer application in all groups. Regardless of the type of adhesive or application technique, all subgroups showed significantly decreased bond strength after aging. There were significant lower µTBS values for AB adhesive compared with the other two adhesives that demonstrated no significant differences between them. The double layer application technique was effective in enhancing µTBS values of all tested adhesives bonded to proximal dentin/cementum gingival margins compared to single layer application. Regardless of application technique, all tested adhesives were incapable of defying long-term water aging. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The double layer application technique may be recommended to enhance the bonding durability of universal adhesives to face challenges in bonding to dentin-cementum cervical margins.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Cimentos Dentários , Cemento Dentário , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina
9.
Pediatr Dent ; 43(1): 50-56, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662251

RESUMO

Purpose: Since pediatric zirconia crowns (ZRCs) are prefabricated, they may be sterilized following try-in for re-use. Possible changes in color stability, gloss, and translucency were evaluated for four brands of prefabricated zirconia crowns following autoclave and cold sterilization. Methods: Sixteen maxillary right central incisor prefabricated ZRCs were obtained from NuSmile ®, Sprig, Cheng Crowns, and Kinder Krowns ® manufacturers and either autoclaved or cold sterilized. Gloss unit measurements were obtained with a small object Novo-Curve glossmeter. CIE-L*a*b* system values were measured with a CM-700d spectrophotometer under three different illuminants to calculate DE (quantitative representation of the perceived color). ΔE equals one was used for perceptibility threshold (PT) and ΔE equals 2.7 for acceptability threshold (AT). Results: All groups' baseline was ΔE less than one for all illuminants except Cheng Crowns to be autoclaved, indicating crowns are not identical in color from the manufacturer. For autoclaving, Cheng Crowns reached ΔE PT greater than one following the 10th sterilization cycle for all illuminants (D65 1.08±0.32 (standard deviation; P<0.001), A equals 1.07±0.32 (P<0.001), and F2 equals 1.25±0.38 (P<0.001). For cold sterilization, Sprig EZCrowns reached PT greater than one for all sterilization cycles, and Cheng Crowns reached ΔE PT greater than one for the sixth and 10th sterilization cycles. Gloss was not affected by either sterilization method. Spring EZcrowns had the highest mean translucency. Conclusions: Although each group may have a slight perceived difference, there was no clinically significant difference in color; all groups remained below the acceptability threshold of ΔE equals 2.7.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Zircônio , Criança , Cor , Coroas , Humanos , Esterilização
10.
Stem Cells Dev ; 30(10): 537-547, 2021 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33757298

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis, afflicting millions of people in the world. Elevation of inflammatory mediators and enzymatic matrix destruction is often associated with OA. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the effects of conditioned medium from periodontal ligament-derived stem cells (PDLSCs) on inflammatory and catabolic gene expressions of chondrocytes, synoviocytes, and meniscus cells under in vitro inflammatory condition. Stem cells were isolated from human periodontal ligaments. Conditioned medium was collected and concentrated 20 × . Chondrocytes, synoviocytes, and meniscus cells were isolated from pig knees and divided into four experimental groups: serum-free media, serum-free media+interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) (10 ng/mL), conditioned media (CM), and CM+IL-1ß. Protein content and extracellular vesicle (EV) miRNAs of CM were analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and RNA sequencing, respectively. It was found that the IL-1ß treatment upregulated the expression of IL-1ß, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), MMP-13, and ADAMTS-4 genes in the three cell types, whereas PDLSC-conditioned medium prevented the upregulation of gene expression by IL-1ß in all three cell types. This study also found that there was consistency in anti-inflammatory effects of PDLSC CM across donors and cell subcultures, while PDLSCs released several anti-inflammatory factors and EV miRNAs at high levels. OA has been suggested as an inflammatory disease in which all intrasynovial tissues are involved. PDLSC-conditioned medium is a cocktail of trophic factors and EV miRNAs that could mediate different inflammatory processes in various tissues in the joint. Introducing PDLSC-conditioned medium to osteoarthritic joints could be a potential treatment to prevent OA progression by inhibiting inflammation.

11.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 152(4): 260-268, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33637301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Light-emitting diode (LED) and quartz-tungsten-halogen (QTH) curing lights are used commonly in clinics. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of these lights on the proliferation of human gingival epithelial cells. METHODS: Smulow-Glickman (S-G) cells were exposed to a VALO LED (Ultradent) or an XL3000 QTH (3M ESPE) light at 1 millimeter or 6 mm distance for 18, 39, 60, and 120 seconds. Untreated and Triton X-100 treated cells were used as controls. At 24, 48, and 72 hours after light exposure, cell proliferation was evaluated via a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. RESULTS: The authors first evaluated the performances of these 2 lights. Both LED and QTH lights generated heat. The LED light generated less heat than the QTH light and could save approximately two-thirds of the curing time. When used for 18 seconds at a 6 mm distance, the LED light did not inhibit the proliferation of S-G cells. However, if the exposure time was longer (for example, 39, 60, or 120 seconds), the LED light inhibited cell proliferation. The inhibitory effect increased when the exposure time was increased to 39, 60, or 120 seconds. The QTH light did not inhibit S-G cell proliferation if the exposure time was less than 120 seconds. CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged exposure to a blue curing light (both LED and QTH) inhibits the proliferation of gingival epithelial cells and may cause damages to oral soft tissues. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: In dental practices, a balance should be struck in consideration of curing time not only to cure the composites completely but also to minimize unnecessarily prolonged light exposure.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Quartzo , Proliferação de Células , Luzes de Cura Dentária , Dureza , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
12.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 25(4): 717-732, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33369839

RESUMO

AIM: To obtain a consensus on the domains of cariology for undergraduates in dental schools in the Caribbean. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental school deans from the Dominican Republic (DR) and Puerto Rico (PR) were invited to participate. Afterwards, 24 cariology faculty members from the dental schools in the DR received a 40-h workshop on the current understanding of dental caries. Then, representatives from participating dental schools in the DR and PR were divided into six groups and tasked with exploring the cariology domains described in the European and Colombian consensus. For each domain, the competencies in what the dental student, upon graduation, would have to (1) be proficient in, (2) have knowledge of, (3) and be familiar with were described. Two cariology consensus meetings to work on the domains and suggest changes for the Caribbean region were done, and representatives from the DR and PR agreed on a cariology consensus. For the second stage, Caribbean English-speaking countries were invited to participate in the consensus. Meetings were held with representatives from dental schools in Trinidad and Tobago (TT) and Jamaica (J) to include their suggestions on each consensus domain. RESULTS: A total of 15 dental schools (DR = 12; PR = 1; TT = 1; and J = 1) participated; they agreed on a new consensus considering the realities of the Caribbean participating countries. CONCLUSION: A cariology consensus for undergraduates was achieved for 15 dental schools in the Caribbean region. This accomplishment will promote a shift for the Caribbean dental schools' graduates towards a current understanding of dental caries.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Faculdades de Odontologia , Região do Caribe , Consenso , Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Humanos
13.
Am J Dent ; 33(5): 277-284, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017532

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate whether the addition of sodium-DNA (Na-DNA) to chlorhexidine (CHX)-containing mouthwash influenced morphology and viability of a reconstituted human oral epithelium (ROE), and protects ROE against oxidative stress. METHODS: Multi-layered 0.5 cm² ROE specimens were positioned inside a continuous flow bioreactor and grown air-lifted for 24 hours. They were treated with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) (n= 16) or 1 vol% H2O2 for 1 minute (n= 16). Then, they were treated for 5 (n= 8) or 30 minutes (n= 8) with the experimental mouthwash solutions containing: 0.2 wt% CHX, 0.2 wt% CHX + 0.2 wt% Na-DNA, 0.2 wt% Na-DNA, PBS. After 60 minutes washout specimens were subjected to tetrazolium-based viability assay (MTT) confocal laser-scanning microscopy (CLSM), and histological evaluation using optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). RESULTS: ROE treated with Na-DNA for 30 minutes revealed significantly higher viability than PBS, and CHX + Na-DNA showed higher viability after 30-minute treatment than after 5 minutes, suggesting a significant protective activity of Na-DNA. Moreover, the protective effect of Na-DNA on cell viability was higher after the induction of oxidative stress. After treatment with CHX, CLSM revealed cell stress, leading to cell death in the outer layer. On the contrary, specimens treated with Na-DNA showed a much lower number of dead cells compared to PBS, both in the absence or presence of oxidative stress. Histological examination showed that the protective action of Na-DNA formulations reached more in-depth into the epithelium exposed to oxidative stress, due to intercellular spaces opening in the outer epithelium layers, giving way to Na-DNA to the inner parts of the epithelium. It can be concluded that Na-DNA had a topical protective activity when applied for 30 minutes unless the epithelium barrier is damaged, allowing it to act more in-depth. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Na-DNA showed a clear and protective action against cellular degeneration due to oxidative stress and, partly, to the exposure to CHX. Its addition to chlorhexidine mouthwash or gels could be clinically helpful in contrasting the detrimental activity of CHX on oral tissues, and in the preservation of cell viability, control of inflammation and wound healing.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Antissépticos Bucais/farmacologia , Antissépticos Bucais/toxicidade , Reatores Biológicos , DNA , Humanos , Sódio
15.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(9): 660-667, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32854868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of dental handpieces produces aerosols containing microbial agents, bacteria, and viruses representing a high-risk situation for airborne cross infections. The aim of this study was to map and quantify the biological contamination of a dental operatory environment using a biological tracer. METHODS: Streptococcus mutans suspension was infused into the mouth of a manikin, and an operator performed standardized dental procedures using an air turbine, a contra-angle handpiece, or an ultrasonic scaler. The presence of the tracer was measured at 90 sites on the dental unit and the surrounding surfaces of the operatory environment. RESULTS: All tested instruments spread the tracer over the entire dental unit and the surrounding environment, including the walls and ceiling. The pattern and degree of contamination were related to the distance from the infection source. The maximum distance of tracer detection was 360 centimeters for air turbine, 300 cm for contra-angle handpiece, and 240 cm for ultrasonic scaler. No surface of the operative environment was free from the tracer after the use of the air turbine. CONCLUSIONS: Attention should be paid to minimize or avoid the use of rotary and ultrasonic instruments when concerns for the airborne spreading of pandemic disease agents are present. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: This study supports the recommendations of dental associations to avoid treatments generating aerosols, especially during pandemic periods. Guidelines for the management of dental procedures involving aerosols, as well as methods for the modification of aerosols aimed to inactivate the infective agent, are urgently needed.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar , Equipamentos Odontológicos de Alta Rotação , Aerossóis , Contaminação de Equipamentos , Humanos
16.
J Funct Biomater ; 11(2)2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32492906

RESUMO

Background: Toothpastes containing nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HAp) substituted with metal ions provide calcium and phosphate ions to dental hard tissues, reducing demineralization, and promoting remineralization. Few data are available about the effect of these bioactive compounds on oral microbiota. Methods: This in vitro study evaluated the influence of two commercially-available substituted n-HAp-based toothpastes (α: Zn-carbonate substituted n-HAp; ß: F, Mg, Sr-carbonate substituted n-HAp) on early colonization (EC, 12 h) and biofilm formation (BF, 24 h) by oral microbiota. Controls were brushed with distilled water. Artificial oral microcosm and Streptococcus mutans biofilms were developed using human enamel and a resin-based composite (RBC) as adherence surfaces. Two test setups, a shaking multiwell plate and a modified drip-flow reactor (MDFR), were used to simulate clinical conditions during the night (low salivary flow and clearance) and daytime, respectively. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) was used to evaluate specimens' surfaces after toothpaste treatment. Fluoride release from ß toothpaste was evaluated. Viable adherent biomass was quantified by MTT assay, and biofilms' morphology was highlighted using confocal microscopy. Results: EDS showed the presence of remnants from the tested toothpastes on both adherence surfaces. ß toothpaste showed significantly lower EC and BF compared to control using the artificial oral microcosm model, while α toothpaste showed lower EC and BF compared to control, but higher EC and BF compared to ß toothpaste. The effect shown by ß toothpaste was, to a minimal extent, due to fluoride release. Interestingly, this result was seen on both adherence surfaces, meaning that the tested toothpastes significantly influenced EC and BF even on RBC surfaces. Furthermore, the effect of toothpaste treatments was higher after 12 h than 24 h, suggesting that toothbrushing twice a day is more effective than brushing once. Conclusions: The efficacy of these treatments in reducing microbial colonization of RBC surfaces may represent a promising possibility in the prevention of secondary caries.

17.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(6)2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512861

RESUMO

Native collagen-based membranes are used to guide bone regeneration; but due to their rapid biodegradation, this treatment is often unpredictable. The purpose of this study was to investigate the biodegradability of natural collagen membranes. Three non-cross-linked resorbable collagen barrier membranes were tested: Derma Fina (porcine dermis), Evolution Standard (equine pericardium) and Duo-Teck (equine lyophilized collagen felt). 10 × 10 mm2 pieces of membranes were submitted to three different degradation procedures: (1) hydrolytic degradation in phosphate buffer solution, (2) enzyme resistance, using a 0.25% porcine trypsin solution, and (3) bacterial (Clostridium histolyticum) collagenase resistance test. Weight measurements were performed with an analytic microbalance. Thickness was measured with a digital caliper. Membranes were analyzed at different time-points, up to 21 d of immersion. A stereomicroscope was used to obtain membranes' images. ANOVA and Student Newman Keuls were used for mean comparisons (p < 0.05), except when analyzing differences between time-points within the same membrane and solution where pair-wise comparisons were applied (p < 0.001). Derma Fina attained the highest resistance to all degradation challenges. Duo-Teck was the most susceptible membrane to degradation, complete degradation occurred as soon as 8 h. The bacterial collagenase solution performed as the most aggressive test as all membranes presented 100% degradation before 21 d.

18.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; 245(11): 940-944, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436748

RESUMO

IMPACT STATEMENT: Dentists have always been taught how to protect themselves and their patients from potential blood-borne pathogens, but the Coronavirus pandemic has brought a new unprecedented challenge to the world of dentistry; we therefore reviewed the literature to provide suggestions on how to accordingly change dental practice prevention.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Odontologia/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Gestão de Riscos/métodos , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Assistentes de Odontologia , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Higienistas Dentários , Odontólogos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Triagem/métodos
19.
Am J Dent ; 33(3): 135-137, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470238

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To review the literature on the presence of two clinical manifestations in patients presenting COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) infection: loss of taste (ageusia) and loss of smell (anosmia). METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were searched and studies were selected starting from November, 2019 until April 2020; also, the references of the selected articles were evaluated for methodological quality. RESULTS: Of the 19 studies analyzed, five were included to evaluate the presence of ageusia and/or anosmia as symptoms in patients who were tested and resulted positive for the SARS-CoV-2 virus. In a total of 10,818 patients, 8,823 presented ageusia (81.6%; range 5.6%-88%) and 8,088 presented anosmia (74.8%; range 5.1-85.6%). Only one study recorded both symptoms with a percentage of 18.6%. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This systematic review demonstrated significant presence of ageusia and anosmia in the patients with COVID-19 infection. These symptoms may be considered as the first manifestation of the infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Transtornos do Olfato , Pneumonia Viral , Olfato , Distúrbios do Paladar , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Humanos , Transtornos do Olfato/virologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Paladar , Distúrbios do Paladar/virologia
20.
Eur J Oral Sci ; 128(4): 354-360, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32395905

RESUMO

In order to evaluate the influence of 38% silver diamine fluoride (SDF) application on enamel and dentin bond stability of universal adhesives in self-etch mode, a 38% SDF and three universal adhesives were used in this study. Initial shear bond strength (ISBS), fatigue bond strength (FBS), and shear bond strength of survivors (SBSS) to enamel and dentin of universal adhesives in self-etch mode, with and without SDF application, were determined. SDF was applied to the polished enamel or dentin surface for 1 min, water-rinsed and air-dried for comparison with controls. The universal adhesives were applied to the prepared samples and composite resin was bonded using a mold-enclosed method. Enamel bond stability of universal adhesives with SDF (ISBS: 14.7-20.4 MPa; FBS: 5.5-7.4 MPa and SBSS: 14.4-21.5 MPa) was significantly weaker than those without SDF (ISBS: 28.0-29.2 MPa; FBS: 12.1-15.6 MPa and SBSS: 28.4-34.4 MPa). Dentin bond stability with SDF (ISBS: 14.8-20.9 MPa; FBS: 7.1-8.2 MPa and SBSS: 17.3-21.8 MPa) was also significantly weaker than without SDF (ISBS: 19.3-36.1 MPa; FBS: 11.0-13.7 MPa and SBSS: 22.2-34.6 MPa). The results suggest that SDF application on enamel and dentin reduces the bond stability of universal adhesives in self-etch mode.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Cimentos Dentários , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Fluoretos Tópicos , Teste de Materiais , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Compostos de Prata
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