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1.
Trials ; 22(1): 595, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic lower limb ischemia develops earlier and more frequently in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes remains the main cause of lower-extremity non-traumatic amputations. Current medical treatment, based on antiplatelet therapy and statins, has demonstrated deficient improvement of the disease. In recent years, research has shown that it is possible to improve tissue perfusion through therapeutic angiogenesis. Both in animal models and humans, it has been shown that cell therapy can induce therapeutic angiogenesis, making mesenchymal stromal cell-based therapy one of the most promising therapeutic alternatives. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of cell therapy based on mesenchymal stromal cells derived from adipose tissue intramuscular administration to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with critical limb ischemia and without possibility of revascularization. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial has been designed. Ninety eligible patients will be randomly assigned at a ratio 1:1:1 to one of the following: control group (n = 30), low-cell dose treatment group (n = 30), and high-cell dose treatment group (n = 30). Treatment will be administered in a single-dose way and patients will be followed for 12 months. Primary outcome (safety) will be evaluated by measuring the rate of adverse events within the study period. Secondary outcomes (efficacy) will be measured by assessing clinical, analytical, and imaging-test parameters. Tertiary outcome (quality of life) will be evaluated with SF-12 and VascuQol-6 scales. DISCUSSION: Chronic lower limb ischemia has limited therapeutic options and constitutes a public health problem in both developed and underdeveloped countries. Given that the current treatment is not established in daily clinical practice, it is essential to provide evidence-based data that allow taking a step forward in its clinical development. Also, the multidisciplinary coordination exercise needed to develop this clinical trial protocol will undoubtfully be useful to conduct academic clinical trials in the field of cell therapy in the near future. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04466007 . Registered on January 07, 2020. All items from the World Health Organization Trial Registration Data Set are included within the body of the protocol.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Noma , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/terapia , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Updates Surg ; 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143398

RESUMO

We aim to analyze differences in compliance between colon and rectal cancer surgeries under Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) for colorectal procedures, and to detect implementation barriers for rectal cancer surgeries. Patients who underwent elective rectal cancer surgeries under ERAS were case-matched based on gender, age, and P-POSSUM with an equal number of patients who underwent colonic surgeries. Achievements of ≥ 70% of ERAS items were considered an acceptable level of compliance. A multivariate analysis was carried out to identify independent risk factors for lower compliance. A total of 434 patients were included over a 5-year period. After matching, there were 111 patients in each group. Overall compliance was significantly lower in the rectal surgery group (73% vs 82%, p = 0.001). A good compliance rate differed from 55% in rectal vs 77.5% in colonic procedures (p = 0.000). We identified three independent risk factors for lower compliance rates: open surgical approach, the use of epidural catheter, and the presence of postoperative ileus. Our data showed that rectal cancer surgeries are more exigent to success on ERAS interventions when compared to colonic resections. There is a need to introduce specific modifications on the protocols for colorectal surgeries when applied to these particular procedures.

3.
Surg Innov ; : 15533506211013142, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33929270

RESUMO

Objective. The aims of this study are to compare 2 origins of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) (omentum and subcutaneous) from 2 pathologies (morbid obesity and cancer) vs healthy donors. Adipose tissue has revealed to be the ideal MSC source. However, in developing adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) for clinical use, it is important to consider the effects of different fat depots and also the effect of donor variability. Methods. We isolated and characterized the membrane markers and differentiation capacities of ASCs obtained from patients with these diseases and different origin. During the culture period, we further analysed the cells' proliferation capacity in an in vitro assay as well as their secretome. Results. Adipose-derived stem cells isolated from obese and cancer patients have mesenchymal phenotype and similar cell proliferation as ASCs derived from healthy donors, some higher in cells derived from subcutaneous fat. However, cells from these 2 types of patients do not have the same differentiation potential, especially in cancer patients from omentum, and exhibit distinct secretion of both pro-inflammatory and regulatory cytokines, which could explain the differences in use due to origin as well as pathology associated with the donor. Conclusion. Subcutaneous and omentum ASCs are slightly different; omentum generates fewer cells but with greater anti-inflammatory capacity. Adipose-derived stem cells from patients with either obesity or cancer are slightly altered, which limits their therapeutic properties.

4.
Cytotherapy ; 23(8): 740-753, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AIMS: Successful cell cryopreservation and banking remain a major challenge for the manufacture of cell therapy products, particularly in relation to providing a hermetic, sterile cryovial that ensures optimal viability and stability post-thaw while minimizing exposure to toxic cryoprotective agents, typically dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO). METHODS: In the present study, the authors evaluated the effectiveness and functionality of Limbo technology (Cellulis S.L., Santoña, Spain). This system provides a hermetic vial with two compartments (one for adding cells with the cryoprotective agent solution and the other for the diluent solution) and an automated defrosting device. Limbo technology (Cellulis S.L.) allows reduction of the final amount of Me2SO, sidestepping washing and dilution steps and favoring standardization. The study was performed in several Good Manufacturing Practice laboratories manufacturing diverse cell therapy products (human mesenchymal stromal cells, hematopoietic progenitor cells, leukapheresis products, fibroblasts and induced pluripotent stem cells). Laboratories compared Limbo technology (Cellulis S.L.) with their standard cryopreservation procedure, analyzing cell recovery, viability, phenotype and functionality. RESULTS: Limbo technology (Cellulis S.L.) maintained the viability and functionality of most of the cell products and preserved sterility while reducing the final concentration of Me2SO. CONCLUSIONS: Results showed that use of Limbo technology (Cellulis S.L.) offers an overall safe alternative for cell banking and direct infusion of cryopreserved cell products into patients.

5.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 124, 2021 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) constitute one of the cell types most frequently used in cell therapy. Although several studies have shown the efficacy of these cells to modulate inflammation in different animal models, the results obtained in human clinical trials have been more modest. Here, we aimed at improving the therapeutic properties of MSCs by inducing a transient expression of two molecules that could enhance two different properties of these cells. With the purpose of improving MSC migration towards inflamed sites, we induced a transient expression of the C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4). Additionally, to augment the anti-inflammatory properties of MSCs, a transient expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin 10 (IL10), was also induced. METHODS: Human adipose tissue-derived MSCs were transfected with messenger RNAs carrying the codon-optimized versions of CXCR4 and/or IL10. mRNA-transfected MSCs were then studied, first to evaluate whether the characteristic phenotype of MSCs was modified. Additionally, in vitro and also in vivo studies in an LPS-induced inflamed pad model were conducted to evaluate the impact associated to the transient expression of CXCR4 and/or IL10 in MSCs. RESULTS: Transfection of MSCs with CXCR4 and/or IL10 mRNAs induced a transient expression of these molecules without modifying the characteristic phenotype of MSCs. In vitro studies then revealed that the ectopic expression of CXCR4 significantly enhanced the migration of MSCs towards SDF-1, while an increased immunosuppression was associated with the ectopic expression of IL10. Finally, in vivo experiments showed that the co-expression of CXCR4 and IL10 increased the homing of MSCs into inflamed pads and induced an enhanced anti-inflammatory effect, compared to wild-type MSCs. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that the transient co-expression of CXCR4 and IL10 enhances the therapeutic potential of MSCs in a local inflammation mouse model, suggesting that these mRNA-modified cells may constitute a new step in the development of more efficient cell therapies for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Movimento Celular , Quimiocina CXCL12/genética , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Expressão Ectópica do Gene , Interleucina-10/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2202, 2021 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33500439

RESUMO

Rectal cancer (RC) appears to behave differently compared with colon cancer. We aimed to analyze existence of different subtypes of RC depending on distinct features (age of onset and the presence of synchronous primary malignant neoplasms). We compared the clinicopathological, familial and molecular features of three different populations diagnosed with RC (early-onset RC [EORC], late-onset RC, and synchronous RC [SRC]). Eighty-five RCs were identified and were evaluated according to their microsatellite instability, CpG Island Methylator Phenotype (CIMP) and chromosomal instability, as assessed by Next Generation Sequencing and microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization approaches. The results were subjected to cluster analysis. SRCs displayed the most specific characteristics including a trend for the development of multiple malignant neoplasms, a greater proportion of CIMP-High tumors (75%) and more frequent genomic alterations. These findings were confirmed by a clustering analysis that stratified RCs according to their genomic alterations. We also found that EORCs exhibited their own features including an important familial cancer component and a remarkable rate of mutations in TP53 (53%). Together, heterogeneity in RC characteristics by age of disease-onset and SRC warrants further study to optimize tailored prevention, detection and intervention strategies-particularly among young adults.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/genética , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/genética , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Adulto , Idade de Início , Idoso , Instabilidade Cromossômica/genética , Análise por Conglomerados , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Família , Feminino , Genoma Humano , Humanos , Masculino , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Fenótipo
7.
Colorectal Dis ; 23(3): 698-709, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986295

RESUMO

AIM: Management of faecal incontinence (FI) remains challenging because no definitive optimal treatment for this condition has yet been determined. Regenerative medicine could be an attractive therapeutic alternative for treating FI. Here, we aimed to determine the safety and feasibility of autologous expanded mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue (AdMSCs) in the treatment of patients diagnosed with structural FI. METHOD: This was a randomized, multicentre, triple-blinded, placebo-controlled pilot study conducted at four sites in Spain with 16 adults with FI and a sphincter defect. Autologous AdMSCs were obtained from patients from surgically excised adipose tissue. These patients were intralesionally infused with a single dose of 4 × 107 AdMSCs or a placebo while under anaesthesia. We assessed the safety and feasibility of the treatment as the cumulative incidence of adverse events and the treatment efficacy using the Cleveland Clinic Faecal Incontinence Score, Faecal Incontinence Quality of Life score and Starck criteria to classify sphincter defects and anorectal physiology outcomes. RESULTS: Adipose tissue extraction, cell isolation and intralesional infusion procedures were successful in all the patients. There was only one adverse event connected to adipose tissue extraction (a haematoma), and none was associated with the injection procedure. There were no significant differences in any of the assessed clinical, manometric or ultrasonographic parameters. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that this infusion procedure in the anal sphincter is feasible and safe. However, it failed to demonstrate efficacy to treat patients with structural FI.

8.
Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg ; 47(2): 597-606, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641785

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The abdomen is the second most common source of sepsis and secondary peritonitis, which likely lead to death. In the present study, we hypothesized that instillation of local anesthetics into the peritoneum might mitigate the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in the open abdomen when combined with negative-pressure therapy (NPT) to treat severe peritonitis. METHODS: We performed a study in 21 pigs applying a model of sepsis based on ischemia/reperfusion and fecal spread into the peritoneum. The pigs were randomized into three groups, and treated for 6 h as follows: Group A: temporary abdominal closure with ABTHERA™ Open Abdomen Negative-Pressure Therapy; Group B: temporary abdominal closure with ABTHERA™ Open Abdomen Negative-Pressure Therapy plus abdominal instillation with physiological saline solution (PSS); and Group C: temporary abdominal closure with ABTHERA™ Open Abdomen Negative-Pressure Therapy plus peritoneal instillation with a solution of ropivacaine in PPS. RESULTS: A comparison between the three groups revealed no statistically significant difference for any of the parameters registered (p > 0.05), i.e., intra-abdominal pressure, blood pressure, heart rate, O2 saturation, diuresis, body temperature, and blood levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), and c-reactive protein (CRP). In addition, histological studies of the liver, ileum, kidney and lung showed no difference between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The use of abdominal instillation (with or without ropivacaine) did not change the effect of 6 h of NPT after sepsis in animals with open abdomen. The absence of adverse effects suggests that longer treatments should be tested.

10.
Cir Cir ; 88(Suppl 2): 1-4, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284283

RESUMO

There are several cases of liver abscesses caused by the ingestion of a foreign body, especially in the elderly. Fish bones or chicken bones are sharp foreign bodies that can migrate through the digestive tract to the liver parenchyma. We reported a 71-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with fever and epigastric pain. Computed tomography scan showed a liver abscess related to a long and sharp foreign body which is protruding from the left lobe of the liver. Systemic antibiotic treatment was initiated and later the foreign body was removed by laparoscopic surgery.

11.
Regen Med ; 15(9): 2053-2065, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33245008

RESUMO

Venous leg ulcers (VLU) represent an uphill economic, health and social burden, aggravated in the elderly. Best-practice care interventions are often insufficient and alternative therapies need to be explored. Herein, we have treated for the first time a chronic VLU in an elderly patient by combining cell therapy and tissue engineering in the context of a compassionate use. The administration of allogeneic adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) embedded in a plasma-based bioengineered dermis covering the ulcer bed and also injected into the ulcer margins led to the complete closure of a 10-year recalcitrant VLU in an 85-year-old patient. Regenerative properties of MSCs might be boosted by the use of bioengineered matrices for their delivery.

12.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e040316, 2020 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109675

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The evidence currently available from enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programmes concerns their benefits in the immediate postoperative period, but there is still very little evidence as to whether their correct implementation benefits patients in the long term. The working hypothesis here is that, due to the lower response to surgical aggression and lower rates of postoperative complications, ERAS protocols can reduce colorectal cancer-related mortality. The main objective of this study is to analyse the impact of an ERAS programme for colorectal cancer on 5-year survival. As secondary objectives, we propose to analyse the weight of each of the predefined items in the oncological results as well as the quality of life. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A multicentre prospective cohort study was conducted in patients older than 18 years of age who are scheduled to undergo surgery for colorectal cancer. The study involved 12 hospitals with an implemented enhanced recovery protocol according to the guidelines published by the Spanish National Health Service. The intervention group includes patients with a minimum implementation level of 70%, and the control group includes those who fail to reach this level. Compliance will be studied using 18 key performance indicators, and the results will be analysed using cancer survival indicators, including overall survival, cancer-specific survival and relapse-free survival. The time to recurrence, perioperative morbidity and mortality, hospital stay and quality of life will also be studied, the latter using the validated EuroQol Five questionnaire. The propensity index method will be used to create comparable treatment and control groups, and a multivariate regression will be used to study each variable. The Kaplan-Meier estimator will be used to estimate survival and the log-rank test to make comparisons. A p value of less than 0.05 (two-tailed) will be considered to be significant. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval for this study was obtained from the Aragon Ethical Committee (C.P.-C.I. PI20/086) on 4 March 2020. The findings of this study will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals (BMJ Open, JAMA Surgery, Annals of Surgery, British Journal of Surgery). Abstracts will be submitted to relevant national and international meetings. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04305314.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medicina Estatal
14.
Stem Cells Transl Med ; 9(12): 1500-1508, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864818

RESUMO

We evaluated the safety and feasibility of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells to treat endoscopically urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy in men or female stress urinary. We designed two prospective, nonrandomized phase I-IIa clinical trials of urinary incontinence involving 9 men (8 treated) and 10 women to test the feasibility and safety of autologous mesenchymal stem cells for this use. Cells were obtained from liposuction containing 150 to 200 g of fat performed on every patient. After 4 to 6 weeks and under sedation, endoscopic intraurethral injection of the cells was performed. On each visit (baseline, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months), clinical parameters were measured, and blood samples, urine culture, and uroflowmetry were performed. Every patient underwent an urethrocystoscopy and urodynamic studies on the first and last visit. Data from pad test, quality-of-life and incontinence questionnaires, and pads used per day were collected at every visit. Statistical analysis was done by Wilcoxon signed-rank test. No adverse effects were observed. Three men (37.5%) and five women (50%) showed an objective improvement of >50% (P < .05) and a subjective improvement of 70% to 80% from baseline. In conclusion, intraurethral application of stem cells derived from adipose tissue is a safe and feasible procedure to treat urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy or in female stress urinary incontinence. A statistically significant difference was obtained for pad-test improvement in 3/8 men and 5/10 women. Our results encourage studies to confirm safety and to analyze efficacy.

15.
Transl Oncol ; 13(11): 100837, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736333

RESUMO

Differential presence of exons (DPE) is a method of interpretation of exome sequencing, which has been proposed to design a predictive algorithm with clinical value in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The goal of the present study was to examine the reproducibility in a rat model of metastatic colon cancer. DHD/K12-TRb cells were injected in syngenic immunocompetent BD-IX rats. Cells were from two stocks with low and normal metastatic potential, and injected into two separate groups of rats. Five to ten weeks after injection, blood samples were taken prior euthanasia and whole exome sequencing performed. Through DPE analysis, we identified a set of exons whose differential presence in plasma allowed us to compare both groups of tumor-bearing animals. A verification test was performed to confirm that the algorithm was able to classify extracted samples into their corresponding groups of origin. The highest mean probability was 0.8954. In conclusion, the DPE analysis in tumor-bearing animals was able to discriminate between different disease status, which fully supports previous results in CRC patients.

16.
EClinicalMedicine ; 25: 100454, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838232

RESUMO

Background: Identification of effective treatments in severe cases of COVID-19 requiring mechanical ventilation represents an unmet medical need. Our aim was to determine whether the administration of adipose-tissue derived mesenchymal stromal cells (AT-MSC) is safe and potentially useful in these patients. Methods: Thirteen COVID-19 adult patients under invasive mechanical ventilation who had received previous antiviral and/or anti-inflammatory treatments (including steroids, lopinavir/ritonavir, hydroxychloroquine and/or tocilizumab, among others) were treated with allogeneic AT-MSC. Ten patients received two doses, with the second dose administered a median of 3 days (interquartile range-IQR- 1 day) after the first one. Two patients received a single dose and another patient received 3 doses. Median number of cells per dose was 0.98 × 106 (IQR 0.50 × 106) AT-MSC/kg of recipient's body weight. Potential adverse effects related to cell infusion and clinical outcome were assessed. Additional parameters analyzed included changes in imaging, analytical and inflammatory parameters. Findings: First dose of AT-MSC was administered at a median of 7 days (IQR 12 days) after mechanical ventilation. No adverse events were related to cell therapy. With a median follow-up of 16 days (IQR 9 days) after the first dose, clinical improvement was observed in nine patients (70%). Seven patients were extubated and discharged from ICU while four patients remained intubated (two with an improvement in their ventilatory and radiological parameters and two in stable condition). Two patients died (one due to massive gastrointestinal bleeding unrelated to MSC therapy). Treatment with AT-MSC was followed by a decrease in inflammatory parameters (reduction in C-reactive protein, IL-6, ferritin, LDH and d-dimer) as well as an increase in lymphocytes, particularly in those patients with clinical improvement. Interpretation: Treatment with intravenous administration of AT-MSC in 13 severe COVID-19 pneumonia under mechanical ventilation in a small case series did not induce significant adverse events and was followed by clinical and biological improvement in most subjects. Funding: None.

17.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 12: 1758835920928233, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636940

RESUMO

Background: Acellular pseudomyxoma peritonei (aPMP) is a rare peritoneal malignancy characterized by the accumulation of large amounts of mucin (lacking tumor cells) in the peritoneum. Many cases account for several kilograms of mucin to be screened by the pathologist. This is a comprehensive study of three patients with aPMP, whose tumors showed KRAS mutation, allowing for the tracking of this marker by liquid biopsy. Methods: Pre and post-surgery plasma, and mucin removed during cytoreductive surgery were collected from the patients. KRAS mutations were analyzed using droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR). Mucin was injected in mice. KRAS and cytokine levels were measured in plasma of the mice using ddPCR and a magnetic bead-based assay. Mucin microbiome was analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing. Results: KRAS mutations were detected in mucin cell-free DNA (cfDNA) from the three patients but not in the pre or post-surgery plasma. Electron microscopy detected microparticles (diameter <0.4 µm) in mucin. Mucin from one patient grew up inside the peritoneal cavity of mice and human KRAS was identified in mucin cfDNA, but not in plasma. All mucins showed the same bacterial profile. Cytokine levels were slightly altered in mice. Conclusions: The three aPMP patients included in this study shared some common aspects: the absence of tumor cells in mucin, the presence of KRAS mutated cfDNA in mucin, and the absence of this tumor-derived mutation in the bloodstream, providing additional information to the routine pathological examinations and suggesting that mucin cfDNA could potentially play a role in aPMP recurrence and prognosis.

18.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 35(11): 2049-2054, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posterior tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is a minimally invasive approach with little adverse effects, but obtaining good results as shown in the different scales for the evaluation of the severity of incontinence. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of PTNS based on manometric determinations of the anal sphincter and severity during a period of treatment of 6 months (18 sessions). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective interventional study of patients with fecal incontinence was performed. Subjects underwent one 30-min session every week for 12 weeks, followed by 6 sessions every 2 weeks. The effect on incontinence was evaluated by means of St. Marks and defecatory urgency scales, and manometry. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients were included. At baseline, 28.8% of the patients had a retention time of less than 1 min. At 12 weeks, 39.7% of the patients presented a retention time to 5-10 min and at 18 weeks 37% presented it over 10 min. At baseline, mean St Marks score was 15.1 + 5.1, improving after 12 weeks of treatment to 8.9 + 5 (p < 0.001). After 18 sessions, a greater improvement was observed up to 4 + 4.8 (p < 0.001). Maximum resting pressure showed a significant increase after treatment (mean increase 9.8 mmHg; p = 0.006). Similarly, maximum squeeze pressure also presented a significant augmentation (mean increase 25.3 mmHg; p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Eighteen sessions of PTNS, divided in 12 weekly sessions and 6 sessions every 2 weeks, have shown to obtain benefits, reducing the St. Marks and the defecatory urgency scores, and increasing the manometric values.


Assuntos
Incontinência Fecal , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Canal Anal , Estimulação Elétrica , Incontinência Fecal/terapia , Humanos , Manometria , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Nervo Tibial , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Rev. esp. enferm. dig ; 112(2): 127-132, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols aim to improve postoperative outcomes by obtaining a functional rehabilitation after surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of ERAS on the quality of life (QOL) of patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgeries. METHODS: a cohort observational study was designed of patients with colorectal cancer undergoing elective surgeries during a one-year period. Patients were included when the ERAS protocol was fully achieved for all the interventions, including the expected hospital discharge day. Patient reported outcomes (PROs) were evaluated by the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the QLQ-CR29 questionnaires on three different occasions: baseline before surgery and on postoperative days 7 and 30. RESULTS: the study included 40 patients who completed QOL evaluations with a mean age of 70 ± 11 years. There were no statistical differences between preoperative and postoperative QOL scores. By subgroups of QOL items, a significant decrease was observed in physical activity and role functioning when comparing preoperative vs postoperative status, whereas the cognitive, social and emotional functioning scales were similar or improved over time. CONCLUSIONS: in our experience, surgery under ERAS protocols did not have an impact on decreasing global QOL in patients undergoing elective colorectal cancer surgery. The use of ERAS protocols in colorectal surgery achieves a positive influence, not only by decreasing surgical-related complications but also in terms of functional recovery, by decreasing the negative effects of surgery on patient QOL


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos de Coortes
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