Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 147
Filtrar
1.
Heart Rhythm ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy type V (ARVC-5) is the most aggressive heterozygous form of ARVC. It is predominantly caused by a fully penetrant mutation (p.S358L) in the nondesmosomal gene TMEM43-endemic to Newfoundland, Canada. To date, all familial cases reported worldwide share a common ancestral haplotype. It is unknown whether the p.S358L mutation by itself causes ARVC-5 or whether the disease is influenced by genetic or environmental factors. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the phenotype, clinical course, and the impact of exercise on patients with p.S358L ARVC-5 without the Newfoundland genetic background. METHODS: We studied 62 affected individuals and 73 noncarriers from 3 TMEM43-p.S358L Spanish families. The impact of physical activity on the phenotype was also evaluated. RESULTS: Haplotype analysis revealed that the 3 Spanish families were unrelated to patients with ARVC-5 with the Newfoundland genetic background. Two families shared 10 microsatellite markers in a 4.9 cM region surrounding TMEM43; the third family had a distinct haplotype. The affected individuals showed a 38.7% incidence of sudden cardiac death, which was higher in men. Left ventricular involvement was common, with 40% of mutation carriers showing a left ventricular ejection fraction of <50%. Compared with noncarriers, the R-wave voltage in lead V3 was lower (3.2 ± 2.8 mV vs 7.5 ± 3.6 mV; P < .001) and QRS complex in right precordial leads wider (104.7 ± 24.0 ms vs 88.2 ± 7.7 ms; P = .001). A history of vigorous exercise showed a trend toward more ventricular arrhythmias only in women (P = .053). CONCLUSION: ARVC-5 is associated with a high risk of sudden cardiac death and characteristic clinical and electrocardiographic features irrespective of geographical origin and genetic background. Our data suggest that, as in desmosomal ARVC, vigorous physical activity could aggravate the phenotype of TMEM43 mutation carriers.

2.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974070

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), several therapies have been proven to reduce mortality in clinical trials. However, there are few data on the effect of the use of evidence-based therapies on causes of death in clinical practice. METHODS: This study included 2351 outpatients with HFrEF (< 40%) from 2 multicenter prospective registries: MUSIC (n=641, period: 2003-2004) and REDINSCOR I (n=1710, period: 2007-2011). Variables were recorded at inclusion and all patients were followed-up for 4 years. Causes of death were validated by an independent committee. RESULTS: Patients in REDINSCOR I more frequently received beta-blockers (85% vs 71%; P <.001), mineralocorticoid antagonists (64% vs 44%; P <.001), implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (19% vs 2%; P <.001), and resynchronization therapy (7.2% vs 4.8%; P=.04). In these patients, sudden cardiac death was less frequent than in those in MUSIC (6.8% vs 11.4%; P <.001). After propensity score matching, we obtained 2 comparable populations differing only in treatments (575 vs 575 patients). In patients in REDINSCOR I, we found a lower risk of total mortality (HR, 0.70; 95%CI, 0.57-0.87; P=.001) and sudden cardiac death (sHR, 0.46; 95%CI, 0.30-0.70; P <.001), and a trend toward lower mortality due to end-stage HF (sHR, 0.73; 95%CI, 0.53-1.01; P=.059), without differences in other causes of death (sHR, 1.17; 95%CI, 0.78-1.75; P=.445), regardless of functional class. CONCLUSIONS: In ambulatory patients with HFrEF, implementation of evidence-based therapies was associated with a lower risk of death, mainly due to a significant reduction in sudden cardiac death.

3.
Atherosclerosis ; 292: 143-151, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Autosomal dominant familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is caused by mutations in LDLR,APOB and PCSK9. Two new putative loci causing FH have been identified recently, the p.(Leu167del) mutation in APOE and new mutations in the signal transducing adaptor family member STAP1. We aimed at investigating the role of STAP1 mutations in the etiology of FH. METHODS: We sequenced LDLR, APOB, PCSK9, LDLRAP1, APOE, LIPA and STAP1 with the LipidInCode platform in 400 unrelated subjects from Spain with a clinical diagnosis of FH. All subjects carrying rare predicted pathogenic variants in STAP1 gene, described as pathogenic by at least three bioinformatic analysis and having an allelic frequency lower than 1% in general population, were selected for family study. Available relatives were recruited, including both hypercholesterolemic and non-hypercholesterolemic family members. RESULTS: Sequencing analysis of STAP1 gene revealed seventeen rare variants, four of them being described as pathogenic by bioinformatic analysis. We studied the cosegregation with hypercholesterolemia of four rare predicted pathogenic variants, c.-60A > G, p.(Arg12His), p.(Glu97Asp), p.(Pro176Ser) in seven families. We did not observe any cosegregation between genotype and phenotype, even carriers of rare variants in STAP1 had lower LDL cholesterol levels than non-carriers. CONCLUSIONS: This study analyzes the family cosegregation of four rare predicted pathogenic variants of STAP1, p.(Arg12His), p.(Glu97Asp), p.(Pro176Ser) and c.-60A > G, in seven families, showing absence of cosegregation in all of them. These results would suggest that STAP1 gene is not involved in hypercholesterolemia of these families.

4.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848066

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a complex disease with high in-hospital mortality. Prognostic assessment is essential to select the most appropriate therapeutic approach; however, international IE guidelines do not provide objective assessment of the individual risk in each patient. We aimed to design a predictive model of in-hospital mortality in left-sided IE combining the prognostic variables proposed by the European guidelines. METHODS: Two prospective cohorts of consecutive patients with left-sided IE were used. Cohort 1 (n=1002) was randomized in a 2:1 ratio to obtain 2 samples: an adjustment sample to derive the model (n=688), and a validation sample for internal validation (n=314). Cohort 2 (n=133) was used for external validation. RESULTS: The model included age, prosthetic valve IE, comorbidities, heart failure, renal failure, septic shock, Staphylococcus aureus, fungi, periannular complications, ventricular dysfunction, and vegetations as independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. The model showed good discrimination (area under the ROC curve=0.855; 95%CI, 0.825-0.885) and calibration (P value in Hosmer-Lemeshow test=0.409), which were ratified in the internal (area under the ROC curve=0.823; 95%CI, 0.774-0.873) and external validations (area under the ROC curve=0.753; 95%CI, 0.659-0.847). For the internal validation sample (observed mortality: 29.9%) the model predicted an in-hospital mortality of 30.7% (95%CI, 27.7-33.7), and for the external validation cohort (observed mortality: 27.1%) the value was 26.4% (95%CI, 22.2-30.5). CONCLUSIONS: A predictive model of in-hospital mortality in left-sided IE based on the prognostic variables proposed by the European Society of Cardiology IE guidelines has high discriminatory ability.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the accuracy of a broad range of echocardiographic variables to develop multiparametric scores to diagnose CA in patients with proven light chain (AL) amyloidosis or those with increased heart wall thickness who had amyloid was suspected. We also aimed to further characterize the structural and functional changes associated with amyloid infiltration. BACKGROUND: Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is a serious but increasingly treatable cause of heart failure. Diagnosis is challenging and frequently unclear at echocardiography, which remains the most often used imaging tool. METHODS: We studied 1,187 consecutive patients evaluated at 3 referral centers for CA and analyzed morphological, functional, and strain-derived echocardiogram parameters with the aim of developing a score-based diagnostic algorithm. Cardiac amyloid burden was quantified by using extracellular volume measurements at cardiac magnetic resonance. RESULTS: A total of 332 patients were diagnosed with AL amyloidosis and 339 patients with transthyretin CA. Concentric remodeling and strain-derived parameters displayed the best diagnostic performance. A multivariable logistic regression model incorporating relative wall thickness, E wave/e' wave ratio, longitudinal strain, and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion had the greatest diagnostic performance in AL amyloidosis (area under the curve: 0.90; 95% confidence interval: 0.87 to 0.92), whereas the addition of septal apical-to-base ratio yielded the best diagnostic accuracy in the increased heart wall thickness group (area under the curve: 0.80; 95% confidence interval: 0.85 to 0.90). CONCLUSIONS: Specific functional and structural parameters characterize different burdens of CA deposition with different diagnostic performances and enable the definition of 2 scores that are sensitive and specific tools with which diagnose or exclude CA.

6.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774458

RESUMO

Importance: It is unclear whether hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) conveys excess mortality when compared with the general population. Objective: To compare the survival of patients with HCM with that of the general European population. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study of 4893 consecutive adult patients with HCM presenting at 7 European referral centers between 1980 and 2013. The data were analyzed between April 2018 and August 2019. Main Outcomes and Measures: Survival was compared using standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) calculated with data from Eurostat, stratified by study period, country, sex, and age, and using a composite end point in the HCM cohort of all-cause mortality, aborted sudden cardiac death, and heart transplant. Results: Of 4893 patients with HCM, 3126 (63.9%) were male, and the mean (SD) age at presentation was 49.2 (16.4) years. During a median follow-up of 6.2 years (interquartile range, 3.1-9.8 years), 721 patients (14.7%) reached the composite end point. Compared with the general population, patients with HCM had excess mortality throughout the age spectrum (SMR, 2.0, 95% CI, 1.48-2.63). Excess mortality was highest among patients presenting prior to the year 2000 but persisted in the cohort presenting between 2006 and 2013 (SMR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.55-2.18). Women had higher excess mortality than men (SMR, 2.66; 95% CI, 2.38-2.97; vs SMR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.52-1.85; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients referred to European specialty centers, HCM was associated with significant excess mortality through the life course. Although there have been improvements in survival with time, potentially reflecting improved treatments for HCM, these findings highlight the need for more research into the causes of excess mortality among patients with HCM and for better risk stratification.

7.
Circulation ; 140(14): 1188-1204, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy/arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited cardiac disease characterized by fibrofatty replacement of the myocardium, resulting in heart failure and sudden cardiac death. The most aggressive arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy/ARVC subtype is ARVC type 5 (ARVC5), caused by a p.S358L mutation in TMEM43 (transmembrane protein 43). The function and localization of TMEM43 are unknown, as is the mechanism by which the p.S358L mutation causes the disease. Here, we report the characterization of the first transgenic mouse model of ARVC5. METHODS: We generated transgenic mice overexpressing TMEM43 in either its wild-type or p.S358L mutant (TMEM43-S358L) form in postnatal cardiomyocytes under the control of the α-myosin heavy chain promoter. RESULTS: We found that mice expressing TMEM43-S358L recapitulate the human disease and die at a young age. Mutant TMEM43 causes cardiomyocyte death and severe fibrofatty replacement. We also demonstrate that TMEM43 localizes at the nuclear membrane and interacts with emerin and ß-actin. TMEM43-S358L shows partial delocalization to the cytoplasm, reduced interaction with emerin and ß-actin, and activation of glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK3ß). Furthermore, we show that targeting cardiac fibrosis has no beneficial effect, whereas overexpression of the calcineurin splice variant calcineurin Aß1 results in GSK3ß inhibition and improved cardiac function and survival. Similarly, treatment of TMEM43 mutant mice with a GSK3ß inhibitor improves cardiac function. Finally, human induced pluripotent stem cells bearing the p.S358L mutation also showed contractile dysfunction that was partially restored after GSK3ß inhibition. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide evidence that TMEM43-S358L leads to sustained cardiomyocyte death and fibrofatty replacement. Overexpression of calcineurin Aß1 in TMEM43 mutant mice or chemical GSK3ß inhibition improves cardiac function and increases mice life span. Our results pave the way toward new therapeutic approaches for ARVC5.

8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(18): e012875, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510873

RESUMO

Background Mutations in the POT1 gene explain abnormally long telomeres and multiple tumors including cardiac angiosarcomas (CAS). However, the link between long telomeres and tumorigenesis is poorly understood. Methods and Results Here, we have studied the somatic landscape of 3 different angiosarcoma patients with mutations in the POT1 gene to further investigate this tumorigenesis process. In addition, the genetic landscape of 7 CAS patients without mutations in the POT1 gene has been studied. Patients with CAS and nonfunctional POT1 did not repress ATR (ataxia telangiectasia RAD3-related)-dependent DNA damage signaling and showed a constitutive increase of cell cycle arrest and somatic activating mutations in the VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor)/angiogenesis pathway (KDR gene). The same observation was made in POT1 mutation carriers with tumors different from CAS and also in CAS patients without mutations in the POT1 gene but with mutations in other genes involved in DNA damage signaling. Conclusions Inhibition of POT1 function and damage-response malfunction activated DNA damage signaling and increased cell cycle arrest as well as interfered with apoptosis, which would permit acquisition of somatic mutations in the VEGF/angiogenesis pathway that drives tumor formation. Therapies based on the inhibition of damage signaling in asymptomatic carriers may diminish defects on cell cycle arrest and thus prevent the apoptosis deregulation that leads to the acquisition of driver mutations.

9.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411652

RESUMO

Importance: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the most common mode of death in childhood hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), but there is no validated algorithm to identify those at highest risk. Objective: To develop and validate an SCD risk prediction model that provides individualized risk estimates. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prognostic model was developed from a retrospective, multicenter, longitudinal cohort study of 1024 consecutively evaluated patients aged 16 years or younger with HCM. The study was conducted from January 1, 1970, to December 31, 2017. Exposures: The model was developed using preselected predictor variables (unexplained syncope, maximal left-ventricular wall thickness, left atrial diameter, left-ventricular outflow tract gradient, and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia) identified from the literature and internally validated using bootstrapping. Main Outcomes and Measures: A composite outcome of SCD or an equivalent event (aborted cardiac arrest, appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy, or sustained ventricular tachycardia associated with hemodynamic compromise). Results: Of the 1024 patients included in the study, 699 were boys (68.3%); mean (interquartile range [IQR]) age was 11 (7-14) years. Over a median follow-up of 5.3 years (IQR, 2.6-8.3; total patient years, 5984), 89 patients (8.7%) died suddenly or had an equivalent event (annual event rate, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.15-1.92). The pediatric model was developed using preselected variables to predict the risk of SCD. The model's ability to predict risk at 5 years was validated; the C statistic was 0.69 (95% CI, 0.66-0.72), and the calibration slope was 0.98 (95%, CI 0.59-1.38). For every 10 implantable cardioverter defibrillators implanted in patients with 6% or more of a 5-year SCD risk, 1 patient may potentially be saved from SCD at 5 years. Conclusions and Relevance: This new, validated risk stratification model for SCD in childhood HCM may provide individualized estimates of risk at 5 years using readily obtained clinical risk factors. External validation studies are required to demonstrate the accuracy of this model's predictions in diverse patient populations.

10.
JACC Heart Fail ; 7(8): 709-716, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302046

RESUMO

Transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) is a life-threatening, progressive, infiltrative disease caused by the deposition of transthyretin amyloid fibrils in the heart, and can often be overlooked as a common cause of heart failure. Delayed diagnosis due to lack of disease awareness and misdiagnosis results in a poorer prognosis. Early accurate diagnosis is therefore key to improving patient outcomes, particularly in the context of both the recent approval of tafamidis in some countries (including the United States) for the treatment of ATTR-CM, and of other promising therapies under development. With the availability of scintigraphy as an inexpensive, noninvasive diagnostic tool, the rationale to screen for ATTR-CM in high-risk populations of patients is increasingly warranted. Here the authors propose a framework of clinical scenarios in which screening for ATTR-CM is recommended, as well as diagnostic "red flags" that can assist in its diagnosis among the wider population of patients with heart failure.

11.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 170, 2019 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286959

RESUMO

Identification of Fabry disease (FD) in cardiac patients has been restricted so far to patients with left ventricular hypertrophy. Conduction problems are frequent in FD and could precede other manifestations, offering a possible earlier diagnosis.We studied the prevalence of FD in 188 patients < 70 years with conduction problems requiring pacemaker implantation. Although classical manifestations of FD were not rare, no patient with FD was identified. Screening efforts should not be conducted in this population.

12.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 12(4): 389-390, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309403

RESUMO

The name of author M. Alejandra Restrepo-Cordoba was parsed incorrectly (in such a way as to suggest that her surname is "Alejandra Restrepo-Cordoba") in this article as published.

13.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 153(2): 82.e1-82.e17, jul. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183369

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivos: La enfermedad de Steinert o distrofia miotónica tipo 1 (DM1), (OMIM 160900) es la miopatía más prevalente en el adulto. Es una enfermedad multisistémica con alteración de prácticamente todos los órganos y tejidos y una variabilidad fenotípica muy amplia, lo que implica que deba ser atendida por diferentes especialistas que dominen las alteraciones más importantes. En los últimos años se ha avanzado de manera exponencial en el conocimiento de la enfermedad y en su manejo. El objetivo de la guía es establecer recomendaciones para el diagnóstico, el pronóstico, el seguimiento y el tratamiento de las diferentes alteraciones de la DM1. Material y métodos: Esta guía de consenso se ha realizado de manera multidisciplinar. Se ha contado con neurólogos, neumólogos, cardiólogos, endocrinólogos, neuropediatras y genetistas que han realizado una revisión sistemática de la literatura. Recomendaciones: Se recomienda realizar un diagnóstico genético con cuantificación precisa de tripletes CTG. Los pacientes con DM1 deben seguir control cardiológico y neumológico de por vida. Antes de cualquier cirugía con anestesia general debe realizarse una evaluación respiratoria. Debe monitorizarse la presencia de síntomas de disfagia periódicamente. Debe ofrecerse consejo genético a los pacientes con DM1 y a sus familiares. Conclusión: La DM1 es una enfermedad multisistémica que requiere un seguimiento en unidades especializadas multidisciplinares


Background and objectives: Steinert's disease or myotonic dystrophy type 1 (MD1), (OMIM 160900), is the most prevalent myopathy in adults. It is a multisystemic disorder with dysfunction of virtually all organs and tissues and a great phenotypical variability, which implies that it has to be addressed by different specialities with experience in the disease. The knowledge of the disease and its management has changed dramatically in recent years. This guide tries to establish recommendations for the diagnosis, prognosis, follow-up and treatment of the complications of MD1. Material and methods: Consensus guide developed through a multidisciplinary approach with a systematic literature review. Neurologists, pulmonologists, cardiologists, endocrinologists, neuropaediatricians and geneticists have participated in the guide. Recommendations: The genetic diagnosis should quantify the number of CTG repetitions. MD1 patients need cardiac and respiratory lifetime follow-up. Before any surgery under general anaesthesia, a respiratory evaluation must be done. Dysphagia must be screened periodically. Genetic counselling must be offered to patients and relatives. Conclusion: MD1 is a multisystemic disease that requires specialised multidisciplinary follow-up


Assuntos
Humanos , Distrofia Miotônica/diagnóstico , Distrofia Miotônica/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Seguimentos , Distrofia Miotônica/genética , Neurofisiologia , Planejamento Familiar , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Miotonia , Neuroimagem
14.
J Cardiovasc Transl Res ; 12(6): 507-513, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31214980

RESUMO

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common finding among patients with cardiac amyloidosis. We sought to determine the prevalence of cardiac amyloidosis in patients who had undergone CTS surgery. From 2005 to 2014, 308 patients ≥ 60 years underwent CTS surgery. Of these, 233 (76%) agreed to participate in the study and 101 (73 ± 8 years; 68% females) showed left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) ≥ 12 mm and underwent additional studies to diagnose AL and ATTR amyloidosis. Based on complementary studies, three patients were diagnosed with cardiac amyloidosis (two wild-type ATTR and one AL). The three patients showed bilateral CTS with no occupational risk factors. Prevalence of cardiac amyloidosis in the overall cohort was only 1.2% (3/233), but among patients with LVH and bilateral CTS, the prevalence was 5.5% (3/55) and 13.6% (3/22) if cases with an occupational risk factor were excluded. Cardiac amyloidosis should be excluded in the presence of bilateral CTS and particularly if an occupational risk factor is absent.

15.
Amyloid ; 26(3): 156-163, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31210553

RESUMO

Objective: Cardiac amyloid infiltration can lead to systolic heart failure (HF) or to conduction disorders (CD). Patients with transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis are particularly exposed. We sought to determine the prevalence of ATTR and AL among patients >60 years admitted with CD or unexplained systolic HF and increased wall thickness. Materials and Methods: We studied 143 patients (57% males, 79 ± 9 years) with HF (N = 28) or CD requiring pacemaker implantation (N = 115). In total, 139 (97%) patients (28 with HF and 111 with CD) underwent 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy to detect ATTR, and 105 (73%; 19 HF and 86 CD) underwent AL screening. Results: Five patients (4%; 95%CI:0-7%) exhibited wild-type ATTR (ATTRwt) amyloidosis, 2 (2%; 95%CI:0-4%) had CD and 3 (11%; 95%CI:0-23%) HF. No patient showed AL. The 2 ATTRwt patients with CD were previously asymptomatic, did not show classical ECG signs and exhibited mild LV hypertrophy with preserved LVEF. By contrast, all ATTRwt patients with HF had ECG and echocardiographic signs of amyloid. During a mean follow-up of 18 ± 11 months, 3(60%) patients with ATTRwt amyloidosis (1 CD and 2 HF) and 14(10.4%) without died. Conclusion: Prevalence of ATTRwt amyloidosis in patients with CD requiring pacemaker is low. Although, additional studies are needed, prevalence seems to be higher in elderly patients with systolic HF.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/diagnóstico por imagem , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/complicações , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/mortalidade , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/cirurgia , Arritmias Cardíacas/complicações , Arritmias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Arritmias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatias/complicações , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/cirurgia , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial , Pré-Albumina/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Cintilografia , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Eur Heart J ; 40(35): 2964-2975, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170290

RESUMO

AIMS: Calmodulinopathies are rare life-threatening arrhythmia syndromes which affect mostly young individuals and are, caused by mutations in any of the three genes (CALM 1-3) that encode identical calmodulin proteins. We established the International Calmodulinopathy Registry (ICalmR) to understand the natural history, clinical features, and response to therapy of patients with a CALM-mediated arrhythmia syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: A dedicated Case Report File was created to collect demographic, clinical, and genetic information. ICalmR has enrolled 74 subjects, with a variant in the CALM1 (n = 36), CALM2 (n = 23), or CALM3 (n = 15) genes. Sixty-four (86.5%) were symptomatic and the 10-year cumulative mortality was 27%. The two prevalent phenotypes are long QT syndrome (LQTS; CALM-LQTS, n = 36, 49%) and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT; CALM-CPVT, n = 21, 28%). CALM-LQTS patients have extremely prolonged QTc intervals (594 ± 73 ms), high prevalence (78%) of life-threatening arrhythmias with median age at onset of 1.5 years [interquartile range (IQR) 0.1-5.5 years] and poor response to therapies. Most electrocardiograms (ECGs) show late onset peaked T waves. All CALM-CPVT patients were symptomatic with median age of onset of 6.0 years (IQR 3.0-8.5 years). Basal ECG frequently shows prominent U waves. Other CALM-related phenotypes are idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF, n = 7), sudden unexplained death (SUD, n = 4), overlapping features of CPVT/LQTS (n = 3), and predominant neurological phenotype (n = 1). Cardiac structural abnormalities and neurological features were present in 18 and 13 patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: Calmodulinopathies are largely characterized by adrenergically-induced life-threatening arrhythmias. Available therapies are disquietingly insufficient, especially in CALM-LQTS. Combination therapy with drugs, sympathectomy, and devices should be considered.

17.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(6): 479-486, jun. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-4393

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La enfermedad de Danon (ED) es una enfermedad producida por mutaciones en el gen LAMP2. Se la considera una enfermedad multisistémica caracterizada por miocardiopatía hipertrófica con preexcitación e hipertrofia extrema, discapacidad intelectual, miopatía, presentación infantil y peor pronóstico en varones. Hay pocas series que permitan conocer las características clínicas y el pronóstico de la ED. Métodos: Se analizaron los registros clínicos de los pacientes con ED de 10 hospitales españoles. Resultados: Se incluyó a 27 pacientes (edad, 31 +/- 19 años; el 78% mujeres). Los varones mostraron una elevada prevalencia de manifestaciones extracardiacas -miopatía (80%), trastornos del aprendizaje (83%) y alteraciones visuales (60%)- que eran infrecuentes en las mujeres (el 5, el 0 y el 27% respectivamente). Aunque la miocardiopatía hipertrófica era la cardiopatía más habitual (61%), el grosor ventricular máximo fue 15 +/- 7 mm y 12 pacientes (10 mujeres) presentaron miocardiopatía dilatada. Solo 11 pacientes (49%) mostraron preexcitación y en 16 (65%) la enfermedad se inició después de los 20 años. Tras una mediana de seguimiento de 4 años [intervalo intercuartílico, 2-9], 4 varones (67%) y 9 mujeres (43%) fallecieron o se sometieron a trasplante. El daño cardiaco y los eventos adversos ocurrieron más tardíamente en las mujeres (37 +/- 9 frente a 23 +/- 16 años y 36 +/- 20 frente a 20 +/- 11 años). Conclusiones: Las características clínicas de la ED difieren sustancialmente de lo considerado tradicionalmente. La edad de presentación de la ED es más tardía, no se expresa como una enfermedad multisistémica en las mujeres y la preexcitación es poco frecuente


Introduction and objectives: Danon disease (DD) is caused by mutations in the LAMP2 gene. It is considered a multisystemic disease characterized by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with pre-excitation and extreme hypertrophy, intellectual disability, myopathy, childhood presentation, and worse prognosis in men. There are scarce data on the clinical characteristics and prognosis of DD. Methods: We analyzed the clinical records of patients with DD from 10 Spanish hospitals. Results: Twenty-seven patients were included (mean age, 31 +/- 19 years; 78% women). Male patients showed a high prevalence of extracardiac manifestations: myopathy (80%), learning disorders (83%), and visual alterations (60%), which were uncommon findings in women (5%, 0%, and 27%, respectively). Although hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was the most common form of heart disease (61%), the mean maximum wall thickness was 15 +/- 7 mm and dilated cardiomyopathy was present in 12 patients (10 women). Pre-excitation was found in only 11 patients (49%). Age at presentation was older than 20 years in 16 patients (65%). After a median follow-up of 4 years (interquartile range, 2-9), 4 men (67%) and 9 women (43%) died or required a transplant. Cardiac disease and adverse events occurred later in women (37 +/- 9 vs 23 +/- 16 and 36 +/- 20 vs 20 +/- 11 years, respectively). Conclusions: The clinical characteristics of DD differ substantially from traditional descriptions: age at presentation of DD is older, the disease is not multisystemic in women, and pre-excitation is infrequent

18.
Circ Res ; 125(2): 170-183, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145021

RESUMO

RATIONALE: RBPs (RNA binding proteins) play critical roles in the cell by regulating mRNA transport, splicing, editing, and stability. The RBP SRSF3 (serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 3) is essential for blastocyst formation and for proper liver development and function. However, its role in the heart has not been explored. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of SRSF3 in cardiac function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiac SRSF3 expression was high at mid gestation and decreased during late embryonic development. Mice lacking SRSF3 in the embryonic heart showed impaired cardiomyocyte proliferation and died in utero. In the adult heart, SRSF3 expression was reduced after myocardial infarction, suggesting a possible role in cardiac homeostasis. To determine the role of this RBP in the adult heart, we used an inducible, cardiomyocyte-specific SRSF3 knockout mouse model. After SRSF3 depletion in cardiomyocytes, mice developed severe systolic dysfunction that resulted in death within 8 days. RNA-Seq analysis revealed downregulation of mRNAs encoding sarcomeric and calcium handling proteins. Cardiomyocyte-specific SRSF3 knockout mice also showed evidence of alternative splicing of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) mRNA, generating a shorter protein isoform lacking catalytic activity. This was associated with decreased phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 (eIF4E-binding protein 1), a protein that binds to eIF4E (eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E) and prevents mRNA decapping. Consequently, we found increased decapping of mRNAs encoding proteins involved in cardiac contraction. Decapping was partially reversed by mTOR activation. CONCLUSIONS: We show that cardiomyocyte-specific loss of SRSF3 expression results in decapping of critical mRNAs involved in cardiac contraction. The molecular mechanism underlying this effect likely involves the generation of a short mTOR isoform by alternative splicing, resulting in reduced 4E-BP1 phosphorylation. The identification of mRNA decapping as a mechanism of systolic heart failure may open the way to the development of urgently needed therapeutic tools.

20.
Circulation ; 140(1): 31-41, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer therapy-induced cardiomyopathy (CCM) is associated with cumulative drug exposures and preexisting cardiovascular disorders. These parameters incompletely account for substantial interindividual susceptibility to CCM. We hypothesized that rare variants in cardiomyopathy genes contribute to CCM. METHODS: We studied 213 patients with CCM from 3 cohorts: retrospectively recruited adults with diverse cancers (n=99), prospectively phenotyped adults with breast cancer (n=73), and prospectively phenotyped children with acute myeloid leukemia (n=41). Cardiomyopathy genes, including 9 prespecified genes, were sequenced. The prevalence of rare variants was compared between CCM cohorts and The Cancer Genome Atlas participants (n=2053), healthy volunteers (n=445), and an ancestry-matched reference population. Clinical characteristics and outcomes were assessed and stratified by genotypes. A prevalent CCM genotype was modeled in anthracycline-treated mice. RESULTS: CCM was diagnosed 0.4 to 9 years after chemotherapy; 90% of these patients received anthracyclines. Adult patients with CCM had cardiovascular risk factors similar to the US population. Among 9 prioritized genes, patients with CCM had more rare protein-altering variants than comparative cohorts ( P≤1.98e-04). Titin-truncating variants (TTNtvs) predominated, occurring in 7.5% of patients with CCM versus 1.1% of The Cancer Genome Atlas participants ( P=7.36e-08), 0.7% of healthy volunteers ( P=3.42e-06), and 0.6% of the reference population ( P=5.87e-14). Adult patients who had CCM with TTNtvs experienced more heart failure and atrial fibrillation ( P=0.003) and impaired myocardial recovery ( P=0.03) than those without. Consistent with human data, anthracycline-treated TTNtv mice and isolated TTNtv cardiomyocytes showed sustained contractile dysfunction unlike wild-type ( P=0.0004 and P<0.002, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Unrecognized rare variants in cardiomyopathy-associated genes, particularly TTNtvs, increased the risk for CCM in children and adults, and adverse cardiac events in adults. Genotype, along with cumulative chemotherapy dosage and traditional cardiovascular risk factors, improves the identification of patients who have cancer at highest risk for CCM. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifiers: NCT01173341; AAML1031; NCT01371981.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA