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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795189

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This single-center, 2-arm, parallel-group randomized clinical trial aimed to compare the dimensional dental arch changes after anterior open bite (AOB) treatment with bonded spurs associated with posterior build-ups vs bonded spurs alone. METHODS: Patients aged between 7 and 11 years with AOB were recruited at a university clinic and randomly allocated into 2 groups. The experimental group was treated with bonded spurs associated with posterior build-ups (SBU) and the comparison group with bonded spurs alone (S). Digital dental models were obtained at pretreatment and after 12 months of treatment. The overbite change was the primary outcome. The randomization list was obtained at the Web site www.randomization.com. Allocation concealment involved sequentially numbered, sealed, and opaque envelopes. The outcomes' assessment was blinded. Analysis of covariance was used for intergroup comparisons (P <0.05). Mean difference (MD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were obtained. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients (mean age, 8.22 ± 1.06 years; 7 males and 17 females) were included in the SBU group, and 25 patients (mean age, 8.30 ± 0.99 years; 11 males and 14 females) were included in the comparison group. After a 12-month follow-up, the overbite increased approximately 4 mm in both groups (MD, -0.11 mm; 95% CI, -1.03 to 0.80). Means of anterior dentoalveolar vertical development ranged from 2.24 mm (S group) to 2.49 mm (SBU group) and from 1.31 mm (SBU group) to 1.55 mm (S group) for the maxilla (MD, -0.24 mm; 95% CI, -0.91 to 0.44) and mandible (MD, 0.29 mm; 95% CI, -0.39 to 0.96), respectively. The maxillary intermolar distance decreased in the SBU group and increased in the S group (MD, -0.48 mm; 95% CI, -0.92 to -0.03). The mandibular intermolar distance increased in the SBU group and decreased in the comparison group (MD, 0.26 mm; 95% CI, 0.004-0.52). Plaque accumulation around the spurs was observed in some patients. CONCLUSIONS: Both protocols demonstrated similar improvements in the AOB with similar effects on the dental arches. The SBU group showed a slight decrease in the maxillary intermolar distance and a slight increase in the mandibular intermolar distance, whereas opposite changes were observed for the S group. REGISTRATION: This trial was registered at Clinicaltrials.gov (Identifier NCT03702881). PROTOCOL: The study protocol was not published. FUNDING: This work was supported by the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) grants nos. 2017/06440-3, 2018/05238-9, and 2018/24003-2; and financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior-Brasil (CAPES), Finance Code 001.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795190

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the stability of changes in the upper airways 4 years after orthognathic surgery in patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion. METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was conducted including 33 cone-beam computed tomography images from 11 patients (average age of 35.91 years) followed up longitudinally for 4 years. The airways were measured with the help of the Dolphin Imaging software (Dolphin Imaging and Management Systems, Chatsworth, Calif) at 3 points: T1 (preoperative), T2 (6 months after surgery), and T3 (4 years after surgery). The parameters assessed were surface area (SA), minimum axial area, and volume (VOL) of the pharyngeal airway space. The times were compared using analysis of variance and Tukey's test. Pearson's analysis was performed to assess the correlation with surgical changes and age (P <0.05). RESULTS: Four years after operating on the airway spaces, the means of SA and VOL were significantly higher than those observed before the surgery (P <0.05). The means at 6 months were intermediate, with no significant difference before the surgery and 4 years after it (P >0.05). There was no significant correlation of the changes in SA, VOL, and minimum axial area with the amount of mandibular advancement, counterclockwise rotation of the occlusal plane, and age of the patient (P >0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Four years after mandibular advancement surgery in patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion, the increases in the airways remained stable.

3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835256

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fixed orthodontic appliances impair oral hygiene increasing the risk of non-cavitated lesions (NCLs) and tooth decay. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of fluoride and xylitol varnishes in preventing NCLs during comprehensive orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 55 volunteers from 15 to 20 years of age under orthodontic treatment that were randomly divided into three groups: Fluoride Group (FG; n=17), Xylitol Group (XG; n=19), and Placebo Group (PG; n=19). The patients in each group received two applications of the following varnishes: DuraphatTM (5% NaF), 20% xylitol, and placebo (no F/Xylitol) in the three groups, respectively. The varnishes were applied in the first appointment (T0) and 3 months later (T1). Clinical examinations were carried out at T0 and 6 months after (T2) using the ICDAS index and the QLF system (fluorescence difference). The intergroup comparisons were performed by ANOVA/Tukey's or Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn's tests (P<0.05). RESULTS: There was no significant intergroup difference regarding ICDAS index changes from T0 to T2. Fluoride varnish produced significantly greater increase in fluorescence of NCLs (mean change of -0.65 +0.78 and -0.56 +0.83, for maxilla and mandible, respectively) in comparison to the other groups. The majority of non-cavitated lesions improved in the fluoride and xylitol varnish groups. CONCLUSIONS: Fluoride varnish produced significantly greater increase in enamel fluorescence compared to xylitol and placebo varnishes. In short term, both fluoride and xylitol varnishes produced remineralization of NCLs in orthodontic patients. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Non-cavitated lesions can be effectively controlled in high-risk orthodontic patients by means of fluoride varnishes. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ReBEC Identifier: RBR-6mdxfq; Date of Register: March 19th, 2020. Retrospectively Registered.

4.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; : 1055665621995313, 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653126

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a new method to quantify occlusal improvement in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) who had undergone orthodontic treatment and to evaluate its reproducibility. DESIGN: A panel of orthodontists decided on the relevance of different occlusal features to score initial and final 3-dimensional study models and panoramic radiographs. A subsequent subjective analysis was later performed by a local orthodontic panel. SETTING: The sample was obtained from the orthodontic clinical archives of a hospital known for the treatment of patients with craniofacial differences. PATIENTS: Thirty-one nonsyndromic patients, 17 males and 14 females, were randomly selected according to preestablished inclusion/exclusion criteria. INTERVENTIONS: The records corresponded to the period during which the patients were treated with conventional multibracket mechanics and adjunctive restorative procedures. MAIN OUTCOME/MEASURES: The intraclass correlation coefficient measured intraexaminer and interexaminer agreements. The Spearman correlation test assessed the relationship between the local orthodontic panel perception and the improvement scores. RESULTS: Inter- and intra-rater ICCs varied between fair/good to excellent. There was a strong correlation between the Cleft-Customized Occlusal Rating system classification of occlusal improvement and the local orthodontic panel's perception, thereby enabling the utilization of the interpretation scale by the panel. CONCLUSIONS: The method showed to be a useful tool in quantifying and classifying occlusal improvement in this specific population. As any other method, some limitations apply and need to be accounted for.

6.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; : 1055665621996115, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pulp vitality in teeth adjacent to the cleft area submitted to orthodontic movement into the alveolar graft area in individuals with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP). DESIGN: Cold sensitivity, vertical, and horizontal percussion tests were conducted on the teeth adjacent to the cleft and the contralateral teeth. SETTING: Endodontics Sector in the Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, University of São Paulo (HRAC/USP). PATIENTS: One hundred patients with CUCLP and hypodontia of the upper lateral incisor in orthodontic movement and after successful alveolar bone graft in the cleft area. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The cleft study group (SG) was composed of 200 teeth, adjacent to the cleft area. The control group (CG) consisted of 200 contralateral teeth. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test for comparisons between groups (P < .05). RESULTS: In the SG, 82.0% of teeth presented positive response to the cold sensitivity testing, 13.5% had negative response, and 4.5% had marked response, with statistically significant difference in relation to the CG. The vertical and horizontal percussion tests on teeth in the SG revealed the same results, in which 95.0% presented negative response and 5.0% responded positively, without significant difference compared to teeth in the CG, for both tests. CONCLUSIONS: Teeth adjacent to the cleft area presented changes in the physiological conditions of the pulp, which were observed by reduction of positive response to the cold sensitivity testing or presence of pulp hypersensitivity in cases of marked response.

7.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the maxillary dentoskeletal outcomes of the expander with differential opening (EDO) and the fan-type expander (FE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight patients with maxillary arch constriction in the mixed dentition were randomly allocated into EDO and FE groups. Cone-beam computed tomography scans were acquired before and after expansion. Linear and angular three-dimensional changes were assessed after cranial base superimposition using the ITK-SNAP and the 3D Slicer software. T or Mann-Whitney U tests were used for intergroup comparisons (P<0.05). RESULTS: The EDO group comprised 24 patients treated with the EDO (13 female, 11 male; 7.6 years). The FE group comprised 24 patients treated with the FE (14 female, 10 male; 7.8 years). Skeletal lateral displacements were greater in the EDO group with greater expansion in the orbital, nasal cavity, zygomatic bone, and palate regions (mean intergroup differences of 0.4, 0.8, 0.9, and 1.1 mm, respectively). Intercanine expansion and canine buccal inclination were greater in the FE group, while intermolar distance changes and molar buccal inclination were greater in the EDO group. Similar changes were observed for vertical and anteroposterior displacements and palatal plane rotation. CONCLUSIONS: The EDO produced greater transverse skeletal expansion compared to the FE, with similar vertical and anteroposterior effects. Dental changes were greater in the molar region for patients treated with the EDO and in the canine region for patients treated with the FE. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The EDO and the FE are capable of producing skeletal changes in the mixed dentition. The decision between both expanders will depend on the amount of expansion required in the molar region and in the nasomaxillary complex. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov , under the identifier NCT03705871.

8.
Eur J Orthod ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study evaluated the prevalence of dental anomalies of number in different subphenotypes of isolated cleft palate. MATERIALS/METHODS: The sample comprised 26 individuals with submucous cleft palate (group S) and 68 individuals with complete cleft palate (group C) aged between 9 and 12 years from a single centre. Panoramic radiographs were evaluated regarding the presence of dental anomalies of number in permanent teeth. Intergroup comparison was performed using chi-square tests (P < 0.05). RESULTS: Tooth agenesis was found in 34.61 and 36.76 per cent of group S and group C, respectively. The most commonly missing teeth were the maxillary second premolar, maxillary lateral incisor, and mandibular second premolar. Supernumerary teeth were found in none and 1.47 per cent of the individuals with submucous and complete cleft palate, respectively. No statistically significant difference was found between groups for the frequency of tooth agenesis and supernumerary teeth. LIMITATIONS: Only dental anomalies of number were evaluated. CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS: Individuals with submucous and complete cleft palate showed similar prevalence for tooth agenesis and supernumerary teeth. Dental anomalies frequency seems not to be a discriminator for subphenotypes of cleft palate.

9.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(2): 184-192, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388202

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the 3-dimensional (3D) mandibular dental changes over 42 years using the registration of digital models. METHODS: The sample comprised digital dental models of 8 untreated subjects (4 males and 4 females) with normal occlusion measured longitudinally at ages 17 years (T1) and 60 years (T2). Using 13 landmarks placed on the mucogingival junction, we registered the T2 model on the T1 model. Three-dimensional changes in the position of the landmarks on the buccal cusp tip of the posterior teeth and incisal edge of the central incisors were measured by 2 examiners. Registration and measurements were performed using SlicerCMF (version 3.1; http://www.slicer.org) software. Intra- and interrater agreements were evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients and the Bland-Altman method. One-sample t tests were used for evaluating interphase 3D dental changes (P <0.05). RESULTS: Adequate intra- and interrater reproducibility was found. From T1 to T2, the mandibular teeth showed significant 3D positional changes. A significant dental eruption relative to the mucogingival junction was observed for the anterior and posterior teeth. Anteroposterior movements of mandibular teeth were not significant except for the right molar that drifted mesially. Transverse movements included slight lingual tipping at canines and premolars regions. CONCLUSIONS: Dental changes in untreated normal occlusion were very slight from early to mature adulthood. The eruption of the mandibular teeth was the most consistent finding. A tendency for mesial movement of molars and lingual movement of first premolars and canines was observed in the mandible during the aging process.


Assuntos
Mandíbula , Dente Molar , Adolescente , Adulto , Envelhecimento , Dente Pré-Molar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
Angle Orthod ; 91(2): 178-186, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of a hybrid miniscrew-supported expander versus a conventional Hyrax (CH) expander in growing patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients were randomized into two groups: a hybrid Hyrax (HH) expander group using a Hyrax expander with two miniscrews and a CH expander group. The final sample had 18 subjects (8 female, 10 male; initial age of 10.8 years) in the HH group and 14 subjects (6 female, 8 male; initial age of 11.4 years) in the CH group. Cone-beam computed tomography examinations and digital dental models were obtained before expansion and 11 months postexpansion. The primary outcomes included the orthopedic transverse effects of expansion. Intergroup comparison was performed using analysis of covariance (P < .05). RESULTS: Significantly greater increases in the nasal cavity width, maxillary width, and buccal alveolar crest width were found for the HH group. No intergroup differences were observed for dental arch width or shape changes. CONCLUSIONS: The HH group showed greater increases in the nasal cavity width, maxillary width, and buccal alveolar crest width. No differences were observed for intermolar, interpremolar, or intercanine widths; arch length; or arch perimeter. Arch size and shape showed similar changes in both groups.


Assuntos
Procaviídeos , Processo Alveolar , Animais , Criança , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Arco Dental , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina
12.
Angle Orthod ; 90(5): 627-633, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the stability of maxillary interincisor diastema closure and the relationship between space relapse and interincisor diastema width, overjet, overbite, angulations between adjacent maxillary anterior teeth and presence of intermaxillary osseous cleft after orthodontic treatment with extractions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four individuals with a maxillary interincisor diastema pretreatment, treated with maxillary first premolar extractions were evaluated. Dental casts and panoramic radiographs taken at pretreatment (T1), posttreatment (T2), and posttreatment follow-up (T3) were assessed. Periapical radiographs at T1 and T2 were also evaluated. Diastema relapse was assumed when T3-T2 interincisor space change was greater than zero. Diastema relapse was considered clinically significant when it was at least 0.50 mm. Data were analyzed using repeated-measures analysis of variance followed by post hoc Tukey tests or Friedman followed by Wilcoxon tests. T-test or Mann-Whitney U-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression analyses were also performed. RESULTS: No statistically significant relapse of maxillary interincisor diastemas was found. The percentage of clinically significant relapse of the maxillary interincisor diastemas was 27.78%. Specifically, for the interincisor midline diastema, it was 8.33%. CONCLUSIONS: Maxillary interincisor diastema closure showed no statistically significant relapse after orthodontic treatment with premolar extractions. Clinically significant stability for maxillary interincisor diastema closure was 72.22% and, specifically, for interincisor midline diastema closure, it was 91.67%.


Assuntos
Diastema , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Sobremordida , Diastema/terapia , Humanos , Incisivo , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Angle Orthod ; 90(5): 734-741, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378483

RESUMO

This case report presents a 12-year-old boy with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate and severe maxillary retrusion treated with bone-anchored maxillary protraction (BAMP) therapy followed by fixed appliances. The follow-up period extended until the end of growth. Initially, the patient demonstrated a Goslon 4 interarch relationship with an overjet of -3.5 mm and a Wits appraisal of -7.9 mm. Six months after the secondary alveolar bone graft, Bollard miniplates were fixed bilaterally at the infrazygomatic region in the maxilla and between the canines and lateral incisors in the mandible. Class III elastics were used bilaterally full time for 12 months. After treatment, the overjet increased 5.9 mm. Significant maxillary advancement (SNA +3.2°) and skeletal convexity improvement (NA-APo +12.4°) were observed. Retrusion of the anteroposterior position of the mandible was observed (SNB -2.1°). Comprehensive orthodontic treatment was performed after BAMP therapy with nighttime bone-anchored Class III elastics as active retention until the end of growth. Occlusion and facial esthetics were satisfactory at the end of orthodontic treatment and growth. Le Fort I surgery for maxillary advancement was not required. BAMP therapy demonstrated an adequate orthopedic outcome, preventing the need for orthognathic surgery in unilateral complete cleft lip and palate.


Assuntos
Enxerto de Osso Alveolar , Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Cefalometria , Criança , Fenda Labial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Fissura Palatina/diagnóstico por imagem , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(6): 33-42, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1154050

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: Controversial reports suggest a relationship between growth pattern and cortical alveolar bone thickness, and its effect in the use of mini-implants. Objective: The main purpose of this study was to assess the influence of the growth pattern on the cortical alveolar bone thickness and on the stability and success rate of mini-implants. Methods: Fifty-six mini-implants were inserted in the buccal region of the maxilla of 30 patients. These patients were allocated into two groups, based on their growth pattern (horizontal group [HG] and vertical group [VG]). Cortical thickness was measured using Cone Beam Computed Tomography. Stability of mini-implants, soft tissue in the insertion site, sensitivity during loading and plaque around the mini-implants were evaluated once a month. Intergroup comparisons were performed using t tests, Mann-Whitney tests, and Fisher exact tests. Correlations were evaluated with Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: The cortical bone thickness was significantly greater in the HG at the maxillary labial anterior region and at the mandibular buccal posterior and labial anterior regions. There was a significant negative correlation between Frankfort-mandibular plane angle (FMA) and the labial cortical thickness of the maxilla, and with the labial and lingual cortical bone thicknesses of the mandible. No significant intergroup difference was found for mini-implant mobility and success rate. No associated factor influenced stability of the mini-implants. Conclusions: Growth pattern affects the alveolar bone cortical thickness in specific areas of the maxilla and mandible, with horizontal patients presenting greater cortical bone thickness. However, this fact may have no influence on the stability and success rate of mini-implants in the maxillary buccal posterior region.


RESUMO Introdução: Relatos controversos sugerem uma relação entre o padrão de crescimento e a espessura do osso alveolar cortical e seu efeito no uso de mini-implantes. Objetivo: Avaliar a influência do padrão de crescimento na espessura do osso cortical alveolar e na estabilidade e taxa de sucesso dos mini-implantes. Métodos: Cinquenta e seis mini-implantes foram inseridos na região vestibular da maxila de trinta pacientes. Esses pacientes foram alocados em dois grupos, com base em seu padrão de crescimento (grupo horizontal [GH] e grupo vertical [GV]). As espessuras corticais foram medidas por meio de tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico. A estabilidade dos mini-implantes, tecido mole no local de inserção, sensibilidade durante a carga e o acúmulo de placa ao redor dos mini-implantes foram avaliados uma vez por mês. As comparações intergrupos foram realizadas por testes t de Student, testes de Mann-Whitney e testes exatos de Fisher. As correlações foram avaliadas com o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson. Resultados: A espessura do osso cortical foi significativamente maior no GH na região vestibular anterior da maxila e nas regiões vestibulares posterior e anterior da mandíbula. Houve uma correlação negativa significativa entre o ângulo do plano mandibular (FMA) e a espessura da cortical vestibular da maxila, e com a espessura das corticais vestibular e lingual da mandíbula. Nenhuma diferença significativa entre os grupos foi encontrada com relação à mobilidade do mini-implante e taxa de sucesso. Nenhum fator associado influenciou a estabilidade dos mini-implantes. Conclusões: O padrão de crescimento afeta a espessura da cortical óssea alveolar em áreas específicas da maxila e mandíbula, com pacientes horizontais apresentando maior espessura da cortical óssea. No entanto, esse fato pode não ter influência na estabilidade e na taxa de sucesso dos mini-implantes na região vestibular posterior da maxila.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221096

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This single-center 2-arm parallel randomized clinical trial aimed to compare the dentoskeletal effects of bonded spurs combined with posterior build-ups vs conventional bonded spurs in the treatment of anterior open bite malocclusion in the mixed dentition. METHODS: Patients aged from 7 to 11 years with anterior open bite, recruited at a university orthodontic clinic, were randomly allocated into 2 groups. The experimental group consisted of patients treated with bonded spurs combined with posterior build-ups. The comparison group comprised patients treated with conventional bonded spurs. Lateral headfilms were obtained at pretreatment and after 12 months of treatment. The primary outcome was the change in the overbite. Randomization was performed using the Web site www.randomization.com. Sequentially numbered opaque and sealed envelopes were used for allocation concealment. Blinding was applicable for outcome assessment only. Intergroup comparisons were performed using t or Mann-Whitney U tests (P <0.05). Mean difference (MD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were obtained. RESULTS: The experimental group included 24 patients (17 female, 7 male; mean age, 8.22 ± 1.06 years) and the comparison group comprised 25 patients (14 female, 11 male; mean age, 8.30 ± 0.99 years). Baseline demographic and cephalometric characteristics were similar between groups. After 12 months, all patients showed improvements. Both groups showed similar improvements of the overbite (MD, 0.00 mm; 95% CI, -0.92 to 0.91), similar slight decreases of the gonial (MD, 0.02°; 95% CI, -1.11 to 1.15) and mandibular plane (MD, 0.15°; 95% CI, -0.64 to 0.93) angles, and similar mandibular molar extrusion (MD, 0.14 mm; 95% CI, -0.27 to 0.56). The experimental group showed significantly smaller extrusion of the maxillary first molar than the comparison group (MD, -0.70 mm; 95% CI, -0.92 to -0.49). The other dentoskeletal variables showed similar changes without statistically significant intergroup differences. No serious harm was observed other than plaque accumulation around the spurs. CONCLUSIONS: Similar overbite increases and dentoskeletal changes were observed in both groups after 12 months of treatment. Although the experimental group showed significantly smaller extrusion of the maxillary molars, no greater counterclockwise rotation of the mandible than the comparison group was observed. REGISTRATION: This trial was registered at Clinicaltrials.gov (Identifier NCT03702881). PROTOCOL: The protocol was not published. FUNDING: This trial was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES), Finance Code 001; and by grants: no. 2017/06440-3, no. 2018/05238-9 and no. 2018/24003-2, São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP).

16.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare dental arch relationships in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) between two surgical techniques for repair of cleft lip/palate and two ages of palate repair. SETTINGS AND SAMPLE: Dental models were taken for a group of 448 subjects at a mean age of 7 years and were evaluated by means of the Goslon Yardstick. The patients studied consisted of an initial group of 673 infants with complete UCLP randomized into 8 study groups according to lip repair procedures (Millard versus Spina techniques); palate repair procedures (von Langenbeck versus Furlow techniques); and palate repair timing (early: 9 to 12 months versus late: 15-18 months). METHODS: Four surgeons performed all surgeries. Dependent variables included the following: lip repair technique, palate repair technique, age at time of palate repair and surgeon; with sex as an independent variable. The data were analysed using a general linear model (P < .05). RESULTS: There were no significant differences for occlusal index scores as a function of lip or palate surgical technique, palatal repair timing and sex. Significant differences were found for occlusal index scores as a function of the surgeon. CONCLUSION: Dental arch relationships were not influenced by lip and palatal repair techniques or patient age at palatal repair. The surgeon was the major factor that influenced the dental arch relationship outcome.

17.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(5): 731-737, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950337

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to evaluate the effects of bone-anchored maxillary protraction (BAMP) on the status of the secondary alveolar bone graft in patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCLP). METHODS: The experimental group (EG) comprised 26 patients with UCLP, mean age of 11.9 years, submitted to secondary alveolar bone grafting (SABG) with recombinant bone morphogenetic protein, and BAMP therapy, using miniplate-borne Class III intermaxillary elastics. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) examinations were taken 6 months after SABG and before BAMP (T1) and after 18 months of BAMP therapy (T2). The control group (CG) was composed of 24 patients with UCLP submitted only to SABG with recombinant bone morphogenetic protein or autogenous bone from iliac crest without BAMP therapy, matched by initial age and sex with the EG. In the CG, CBCT examinations were performed 6 months (T1) and 12 months (T2) after SABG surgery. CBCT axial sections were analyzed using Garib scores in both time points. Intra- and intergroup comparisons were performed using Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests, respectively (P <0.05). RESULTS: No intergroup differences were found at T1 and T2. The EG showed significant improvement of graft status from T1 to T2 at the cervical and middle levels of the alveolar cleft. No significant interphase differences were found for graft scores in the CG. CONCLUSIONS: Despite loads of intermaxillary elastics applied to the maxilla, no harm to the grafted alveolar bone was observed after BAMP therapy in patients with UCLP.


Assuntos
Enxerto de Osso Alveolar , Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Criança , Fenda Labial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Fissura Palatina/diagnóstico por imagem , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Humanos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia
18.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(4): 24-32, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965384

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the cephalometric and occlusal changes of orthodontically treated Class III malocclusion patients. METHODS: The experimental groups comprised 37 Class III patients treated: G1) without (n=19) and G2) with extractions (n=18) . The control group (G3), matched by age and sex with the experimental groups, consisted of 18 subjects with untreated Class III malocclusion. Cephalometric (radiographs) and occlusal (study models) changes were assessed between the beginning (T1) and the end (T2) of treatment. Intergroup comparisons were performed with one-way ANOVA followed by Kruskal-Wallis tests (p< 0.05). Occlusal changes were evaluated by the peer assessment rating (PAR) index (ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis tests), and the treatment outcomes were evaluated by the Objective Grading System (OGS) (t-tests). RESULTS: The experimental groups showed a restrictive effect on mandibular anterior displacement and a discrete improvement in the maxillomandibular relationship. Extraction treatment resulted in a greater retrusive movement of the incisors and significant improvements in the overjet and molar relationship in both groups. The PAR indexes were significantly reduced with treatment, and the OGS scores were 25.6 (G1) and 28.6 (G2), with no significant intergroup difference. CONCLUSIONS: Orthodontic treatment of Class III malocclusion patients with fixed appliances improved the sagittal relationships, with greater incisor retrusion in the extraction group. Both the extraction and non-extraction treatments significantly decreased the initial malocclusion severity, with adequate and similar occlusal outcomes of treatment.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/terapia , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Sobremordida , Cefalometria , Humanos , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aimed to compare the occlusal and dentoskeletal initial features of patients treated with four first premolar extractions in the 1970s and after 2000. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Group 70' was composed by 30 subjects with Class I malocclusion (mean age of 12.8 years, 10 male, 20 female) treated in the 1970s with four first premolar extractions and comprehensive orthodontic treatment. Group NM comprised 30 subjects with Class I malocclusion (mean age of 13.4 years, 13 male, 17 female) treated in the new millennium, similarly to Group 70'. Initial dental models and lateral cephalograms were digitized and measured using OrthoAnalyzerTM 3D software and Dolphin Imaging 11.0 software, respectively. Initial occlusal and dentoskeletal features were analyzed and compared. Intergroup comparison was performed using t tests (p < 0.05). Holm-Bonferroni correction for multiple comparison was applied. RESULTS: Group NM showed significantly greater maxillary and mandibular effective lengths and greater maxillary and mandibular incisor protrusion in comparison with Group 70'. Group NM presented a significantly greater lower anterior facial height. Group NM also showed significantly smaller nasolabial angle and protruded inferior lip. CONCLUSION: Patients with Class I malocclusion treated with four first premolar extractions in the new millennium present a greater degree of dental and labial protrusion, increased lower anterior facial height, and more acute nasolabial angle compared with patients treated similarly in the 1970s. Greater dental and labial protrusion determines first premolar extractions in the new millennium. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Despite the decrease of tooth extraction frequency, four first premolar extractions may be justified in cases with severe dental and skeletal protrusions.

20.
Eur J Orthod ; 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840319

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare posterior crossbite correction frequency and dentoalveolar changes of the expander with differential opening (EDO) and the fan-type expander (FE). TRIAL DESIGN: Two-arm parallel randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Forty-eight patients from 7 to 11 years of age were allocated into two groups. Twenty-four patients were treated with the EDO and 24 patients were treated with the FE. Block randomization was performed. The study was single blind. Digital dental models were acquired before treatment and 6 months after rapid maxillary expansion. The primary outcomes were crossbite correction rate and maxillary arch width changes. Secondary outcomes were interincisal diastema, arch perimeter, length, size and shape, and mandibular dental arch changes. RESULTS: The final sample comprised 24 patients (13 female and 11 male; mean initial age of 7.62 years) in the EDO group and 24 patients (14 female and 10 male; mean initial age of 7.83 years) in the FE group. The crossbites were corrected in 100 per cent of subjects from EDO group and in 75 per cent of patients in FE group. EDO showed greater increases in maxillary intermolar region (P < 0.001), while the FE demonstrated greater increases in the intercanine distance (P = 0.008). Increase in mandibular inter-first permanent molar distance was slightly greater in the EDO group (mean difference of 0.8 mm). Changes in arch length and perimeter were similar in both groups. Both expanders changed the maxillary arch shape. The post-treatment arch shape was larger in the anterior region for FE and in the posterior region in the EDO group. HARMS: Discomfort during activation was reported by 54 per cent of the participants. A temporary change in the nasal bridge was reported by one patient from FE group. CONCLUSIONS: Maxillary arch width and shape changes were distinct between the EDO and the FE. Greater transversal increases of the anterior and posterior regions were observed for the FE and the EDO, respectively. A slightly greater mandibular spontaneous expansion was observed for the EDO only at the molar region. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03705871.

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