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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 108(45): 18233-7, 2011 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22006302


Replacing a magnetic atom by a spinless atom in a heavy-fermion compound generates a quantum state often referred to as a "Kondo-hole". No experimental imaging has been achieved of the atomic-scale electronic structure of a Kondo-hole, or of their destructive impact [Lawrence JM, et al. (1996) Phys Rev B 53:12559-12562] [Bauer ED, et al. (2011) Proc Natl Acad Sci. 108:6857-6861] on the hybridization process between conduction and localized electrons which generates the heavy-fermion state. Here we report visualization of the electronic structure at Kondo-holes created by substituting spinless thorium atoms for magnetic uranium atoms in the heavy-fermion system URu(2)Si(2). At each thorium atom, an electronic bound state is observed. Moreover, surrounding each thorium atom we find the unusual modulations of hybridization strength recently predicted to occur at Kondo-holes [Figgins J, Morr DK (2011) Phys Rev Lett 107:066401]. Then, by introducing the "hybridization gapmap" technique to heavy-fermion studies, we discover intense nanoscale heterogeneity of hybridization due to a combination of the randomness of Kondo-hole sites and the long-range nature of the hybridization oscillations. These observations provide direct insight into both the microscopic processes of heavy-fermion forming hybridization and the macroscopic effects of Kondo-hole doping.

J Acoust Soc Am ; 127(5): 2797-801, 2010 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21117729


The five independent moduli required to construct the complete monocrystal elastic modulus tensor of the hexagonal-symmetry superhard compound ReB(2) were measured from 308 to 5 K using resonant ultrasound spectroscopy on a special-texture polycrystal. This is possible because, confirmed by X-ray diffraction, the specimen measured was composed of grains with hexagonal axes parallel so that its polycrystal elastic response is identical to a monocrystal and because hexagonal-symmetry solids are elastically isotropic in the plane perpendicular to the hexagonal axis. Along the hexagonal (c) axis, C(33) (0) = 1021 GPa, nearly equal to C(11) of diamond, and consistent with the superhard properties. However, in the (softer) isotropic plane, C(11) (0) = 671 GPa, much lower than diamond. The changes of C(ij) with temperature are very small and smooth. The Debye temperature was computed to be 738 K, and using a high-temperature approximation, the Grüneisen parameter is γ = 1.7.

Compostos de Boro/química , Análise Espectral/métodos , Temperatura , Ultrassom , Cristalização , Cristalografia por Raios X , Módulo de Elasticidade , Dureza , Modelos Químicos