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1.
Retina ; 41(3): 563-571, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600133

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare pseudocolor Optos ultrawidefield (UWF) retinal images with conventional real-color fundus photography (CFP) for detecting macular hyperpigmentary changes in intermediate age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: This retrospective study included 50 patients diagnosed with intermediate age-related macular degeneration. All patients underwent Optos imaging and CFP. The overall accuracy to visualize hyperpigmentation and its morphologic features was graded by two independent readers using a standardized grid. Structural and en face optical coherence tomography images were correlated with UWF and CFP images to determine spatial correspondence of pigment clumping on fundus images and hyperreflective foci on optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: One hundred eyes of 50 patients had hyperpigmentary changes on funduscopic examination and were included. The intragraders and intergraders agreements were high for all measurements (P < 0.001). At least one hyperpigmentary changes within the standardized grid was detected in 93% using CFP and 100% using UWF camera (P = 0.02). The total area of hyperpigmentation measured on UWF images was significantly higher than on CFP images (P < 0.001). There was a significant correlation between the presence of hyperpigmentary changes on both CFP and UWF images and hyperreflective foci on structural optical coherence tomography (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Ultrawidefield fundus images allow high detection and accurate quantification of macular hyperpigmentary changes in intermediate age-related macular degeneration compared with conventional CFP.

2.
Ophthalmology ; 128(1): 151, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349340
3.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 1120672120972023, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153297

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neonatal herpes infections can be extremely severe and their early recognition allows for appropriate management and increases the child's chances of survival. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a premature infant born by vaginal delivery and transferred to intensive care after neonatal misadaptation. Examination of the fundus revealed lesions of acute bilateral retinal necrosis, strongly suggesting a herpetic etiology. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights the clinical benefit of an ophthalmologic exam in newborns with equivocal brain lesions. Herein, the fundus examination allowed for high suspicion of herpes virus infection.

5.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 28(8): 1293-1297, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021856

RESUMO

A 53-year-old man presented with acute loss of vision, negative scotoma and dyschromatopsia in his left eye. He reported contact with people with severe respiratory syndrome - coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) 8 days prior symptoms. Funduscopic examination revealed several retinal hemorrhages. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography showed lesions consistent with acute macular neuroretinopathy and paracentral acute middle maculopathy. Quickly after his presentation, SARSCov-2 was confirmed by chest computed tomography-scan and RT-PCR in this patient. Thrombotic complications associated with Covid-19 infection have high incidence and may involve the retina. We described a case of retinal involvement associated with Covid-19 infection. PRÉCIS: Funduscopic examination revealed retinal hemorrhages in a man with loss of vision. Optical coherence tomography showed an acute macular neuroretinopathy and paracentral acute middle maculopathy. Coronavirus disease was confirmed by chest computed tomography-scan and RT-PCR.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Macula Lutea/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Doenças Retinianas/etiologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Acuidade Visual , Doença Aguda , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Fundo de Olho , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oftalmoscopia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doenças Retinianas/diagnóstico
9.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 1120672120930603, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507032

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of intravitreal injections (IVI) of ranibizumab (Lucentis®, Novartis, Basel, Switzerland; RAN), aflibercept (Eylea®, Bayer, Leverkusen, Germany; AFL) and dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex®, Allergan, Irvine, California; DXI) in the treatment of naive diabetic macular oedema (DME) during a 12-month follow-up, in real life. METHODS: Nineteen eyes treated with RAN, 20 with AFL and 21 with DXI were analysed from inclusion up to 12 months (M12) with intermediate analysis at M6. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), fundus and central retinal thickness (CRT) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT; Spectralis/HRA, Heidelberg Engineering, Germany) were performed at inclusion, M3, M6 and M12. RESULTS: BCVA improved until 67.9 letters ±13.3 SD (+5.5 letters) at M6 and 69.6 letters ±12 SD (+7.2 letters) at 12 months for RAN group (p = 0.036). For the AFL group it improved until 63.6 letters ±15.2 SD (+6.6 letters) at M6 and 67.5 letters ±12.2 SD (+8.5 letters) at 12 months (p = 0.014). Lastly DXI group improved by 66.9 letters ±15.1 SD (+7.9 letters) at M6 and 68.4 letters ±11.2 SD (+9.4 letters) at 12 months (p = 0.0023). CRT decreased by 124.4 µm at M6 and 99.3 µm at M12 in RAN group, 144.3 µm and 101.5 µm in AFL group and finally 95.6 µm and 162.7 µm in DXI group. CONCLUSION: In summary, these three drugs provide an efficient treatment option with an acceptable benefit-risk ratio for the treatment of naive patients with DME, whether on BCVA or CRT on the first year of treatment.

10.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 20(1): 36, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To describe a unique case of pigmented paravenous retinochoroidal atrophy that developed several years after Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old woman presented with gradual vision loss in both eyes and nyctalopia for 2 years. Past medical history was relevant for Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease since the age of 19 and positive HLA-DR4. Funduscopic examination revealed perivascular pigmentary clumping and atrophic changes radiating from the optic disks. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography through the macula demonstrated perifoveal outer retinal layers loss with cystic degeneration. Fundus autofluorescence showed zonal areas of hypoautofluorescence corresponding to the areas of atrophy. Full-field electroretinogram identified mildly reduced scotopic and photopic responses. The patient was diagnosed with pigmented paravenous retinochoroidal atrophy. CONCLUSIONS: Pigmented paravenous retinochoroidal atrophy may be acquired after Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. Pathogenesis of pigmented paravenous retinochoroidal atrophy may involve inflammatory-related precursors on a background of genetic predisposition.

11.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 28(7): 1136-1148, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419178

RESUMO

Purpose: To identify prognosis factors and functional outcomes of persistent placoid maculopathy (PPM). Methods: We collected personal PPM cases and combined them with the data from the literature. Results: 68 eyes of 37 patients with PPM were analyzed, including six new cases. Twenty-six patients were men (70%) with a mean age of 51.8 years old. The mean initial visual acuity (VA) was 0.52 LogMar ± 0.55 for a mean final VA of 0.49 LogMar ± 0.51. Risk factors for poor VA included: initial VA less than 0.2 LogMar (p < .0001), cardiovascular risk factor (p = .008), autoimmune-related and/or systemic pro-inflammatory conditions (p = .003), choroidal neovascularization (p = .001), macular atrophy (p = .03) and absence of systemic corticosteroid treatment (p = .03). Conclusion: PPM is a choroidal inflammation. Identifying prognosis factors may help to guide treatment and follow-up. We showed that anti-inflammatory drugs, and anti-VEGF injections in cases of choroidal neovascularization, may lead to better outcomes.

12.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(4)2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589290

RESUMO

AIMS: Recent trials provide conflicting results on the association between glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) and diabetic retinopathy (DR). The aim of the AngioSafe type 2 diabetes (T2D) study was to determine the role of GLP-1RA in angiogenesis using clinical and preclinical models. METHODS: We performed two studies in humans. In study 1, we investigated the effect of GLP-1RA exposure from T2D diagnosis on the severity of DR, as diagnosed with retinal imaging (fundus photography). In study 2, a randomized 4-week trial, we assessed the effect of liraglutide on circulating hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs), and angio-miRNAs.We then studied the experimental effect of Exendin-4, on key steps of angiogenesis: in vitro on human endothelial cell proliferation, survival and three-dimensional vascular morphogenesis; and in vivo on ischemia-induced neovascularization of the retina in mice. RESULTS: In the cohort of 3154 T2D patients, 10% displayed severe DR. In multivariate analysis, sex, disease duration, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), micro- and macroangiopathy, insulin therapy and hypertension remained strongly associated with severe DR, while no association was found with GLP-1RA exposure (o 1.139 [0.800-1.622], P = .47). We further showed no effect of liraglutide on HPCs, and angio-miRNAs. In vitro, we demonstrated that exendin-4 had no effect on proliferation and survival of human endothelial cells, no effect on total length and number of capillaries. Finally, in vivo, we showed that exendin-4 did not exert any negative effect on retinal neovascularization. CONCLUSIONS: The AngioSafe T2D studies provide experimental and clinical data confirming no effect of GLP-1RA on angiogenesis and no association between GLP-1 exposure and severe DR.

13.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; 30(2): NP27-NP31, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732462

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The etiology of torpedo maculopathy remains unknown, but it has been recently suggested that it could represent a persistent defect in the development of the retinal pigment epithelium. As retinal pigment epithelium and photoreceptors form a functional unit, an alteration of photoreceptor distribution or function is predictable. The aim of this study is to describe multimodal imaging, including adaptive optics, in three cases of torpedo maculopathy, and discuss its pathogenesis. METHODS: Multimodal imaging is presented, including fundus photographs, optical coherence tomography, adaptive optics, autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, and ultra-widefield retinal imaging in three cases of torpedo maculopathy. RESULTS: An oval-shaped well-delimited chorioretinal lesion both hypopigmented centrally and with a hyperpigmented border in the temporal macula, consistent with torpedo maculopathy, was observed in three patients. Optical coherence tomography showed a preservation of the inner retina, a mild atrophy of the outer retina, an alteration of the ellipsoid zone and of the retinal pigment epithelium layer, and a neurosensory detachment. These lesions were hypoautofluorescent with a hyperautofluorescent border. Fluorescein angiography showed a hyperfluorescence by window effect. Adaptive optics imaging showed an alteration of the cone mosaic within the lesions, with a lower cone density and a higher spacing between cones. CONCLUSION: The alteration of the cone mosaic suggested by adaptive optics in torpedo maculopathy has never been described and could be explained by the alteration of the retinal pigment epithelium. Our results support the existing hypothesis on the pathogenesis of torpedo maculopathy that a persistent defect in the development of the retinal pigment epithelium may be responsible for this clinical entity.


Assuntos
Macula Lutea/patologia , Degeneração Macular/patologia , Imagem Multimodal , Adulto , Animais , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/diagnóstico por imagem , Óptica e Fotônica/métodos , Fotografação , Retina/patologia , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Cones/patologia , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/patologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
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