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1.
Pol Merkur Lekarski ; 49(292): 278-282, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464368

RESUMO

Epidemiological data on serum vitamin D levels in the population of Polish patients with angiographically confirmed coronary artery disease are limited. AIM: The aim of the study was to prospectively assess the concentrations of vitamin D in a group of patients from the Cardiological Department in Bielanski Hospital in Warsaw referred for coronary angiography due to suspected coronary artery disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included a total of 1,043 qualified patients (374 women and 669 men, age: 66,9±11,0 years) who underwent coronary angiography between the years of 2013 and 2017. Plasma 25(OH)D concentrations were assessed by electrochemiluminescence. RESULTS: The median 25(OH)D concentration in the study group was 15.2 ng/ml (range: 4.0 - 55.0 ng/ml). Optimal 25(OH)D concentrations (ie., equal to or greater than 30 ng/ml) were found in 64 patients (6%). Severe deficiencies (less than 10 ng/ml) were found in 229 patients (22%). Moderate deficiencies (concentration equal to or greater than 10 ng/ml and less than 20 ng/ml) and mild deficiencies (concentration equal to or greater than 20 ng/ml and less than 30 ng/ml) were observed in 525 (50%) and 225 patients (22%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D deficiency was found in 94% of residents of central Poland with angiographically confirmed coronary artery disease. 22% of patients had a severe vitamin D deficiency. Due to the documented effects of vitamin D on the cardiovascular system and the fact that cardiovascular disease (including coronary artery disease) is still the most common cause of death in developed countries, prophylactic and therapeutic strategies should be considered to combat 25(OH)D deficiency in this group of Polish patients.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia/epidemiologia , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142693

RESUMO

The reliability of handgrip strength (HGS) measurement has been confirmed in adults but has been sparsely addressed in pediatric populations. The aims of this study are twofold: to determine whether sex, age and/or hand-dominance influence the test-retest differences and to establish the reliability level of the HGS measurement in typical developing pediatric participants. A total of 338 participants aged 7-13 years were tested using a digital handgrip strength (HGS) dynamometer (Jamar Plus+ Dynamometer) by the same rater on two testing trials separated by a one-day interval between sessions. The HGS testing was conducted according to the American Society of Hand Therapists recommendations. Relative and absolute reliability statistics were calculated. Age influenced the test-retest difference of the HGS measurement as children compared to preadolescents had lower intraclass correlation coefficients (0.95 vs. 0.98), standard error of measurement (SEM) (0.74 vs. 0.78 kg), smallest detectable difference (SDD) (2.05 vs. 2.16 kg) and higher values of the percentage value of SEM (5.48 vs. 3.44%), normalized SDD (15.52 vs. 9.61%) and a mean difference between the test and retest values (0.50 vs. 0.02 kg) for the dominant hand. The results indicate that the protocol using the Jamar digital handgrip dynamometer is a reliable instrument to measure HGS in participants aged 7-13 years with typical development. Clinicians and researchers therefore can have confidence in determining the minimally clinical effect for HGS.


Assuntos
Força da Mão , Mãos , Dinamômetro de Força Muscular , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desempenho Psicomotor , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(10)2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081149

RESUMO

Research on reliability of heart rate variability (HRV) parameters in athletes has received increasing attention. The aims of this study were to examine the inter-day reliability of short-term (5 min) and ultra-short-term (1 min) heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RespRate) and HRV parameters, agreement between short-term and ultra-short-term parameters, and association between differences in HR, RespRate and HRV parameters in elite modern pentathletes. Electrocardiographic recordings were performed in stable measurement conditions with a week interval between tests. Relative reliability was evaluated by intra-class correlation coefficients, absolute reliability was evaluated by within-subject coefficient of variation, and agreement was evaluated using Bland-Altman (BA) plot with limits of agreement and defined a priori maximum acceptable difference. Short-term HR, RespRate, log transformed (ln) root mean square of successive normal-to-normal interval differences (lnRMSSD), ln high frequency (lnHF) and SD2/SD1 HRV indices and ultra-short-term HR, RespRate and lnRMSSD presented acceptable, satisfactory inter-day reliability. Although there were no significant differences between short-term and ultra-short-term HR, RespRate and lnRMSSD, no parameter showed acceptable differences with BA plots. Differences in time-domain and non-linear HRV parameters were more correlated with differences in HR than with differences in RespRate. Inverse results were observed for frequency-domain parameters. Short-term HR, RespRate, lnRMSSD, lnHF, and SD2/SD1 and ultra-short-term HR, RespRate and lnRMSSD could be used as reliable parameters in endurance athletes. However, practitioners should interpret changes in HRV parameters with regard to concomitant differences in HR and RespRate and caution should be taken before considering 5 min and 1 min parameters as interchangeable.

4.
J Clin Med ; 9(4)2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32316278

RESUMO

Cardiac autonomic dysfunction has been reported in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of this study was to assess the existing literature on heart rate variability (HRV) in pediatric patients with CP and a special attention was paid to the compliance of the studies with the current HRV assessment and interpretation guidelines. A systematic review was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases searched for English language publications from 1996 to 2019 using Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms "heart rate variability" and "cerebral palsy" in conjunction with additional inclusion criteria: studies limited to humans in the age range of 0-18 years and empirical investigations. Out of 47 studies, 12 were included in the review. Pediatric patients with CP presented a significantly higher resting heart rate and reduced HRV, different autonomic responses to movement stimuli compared to children with normal development, but also reduced HRV parameters in the children dependent on adult assistance for mobility compared to those generally independent. None of the included studies contained the necessary details concerning RR intervals acquisition and HRV measurements as recommended by the guidelines. Authors of HRV studies should follow the methodological guidelines and recommendations on HRV measurement, because such an approach may allow a direct comparison of their results.

5.
Endokrynol Pol ; 71(3): 227-234, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293699

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate global longitudinal strain (GLS) in patients with naive acromegaly with normal left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-three consecutive patients with naive acromegaly with normal LV systolic function as measured by EF, examined from 2008 to 2016, and 52 patients of a control group matched for age and sex underwent two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography to assess GLS. RESULTS: The median GLS was significantly lower in the acromegaly group than in the control group (in %, -16.6 vs. -20.7; p < 0.01). The majority of acromegalic patients (n = 26; 60.5%) had abnormal GLS. Patients with impairment in GLS had a longer median duration of acromegaly symptoms (in years, 10.0 vs. 5.0; p < 0.05) and greater LV thickness (posterior wall in mm, 12.5 vs. 12.0; p < 0.05) compared to those with normal GLS. Patients with abnormal GLS had higher IGF-1 concentration, but without statistical significance. Diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension, which are more common in acromegaly, were not significant determinants of abnormal GLS. The mean left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was increased in the acromegaly group compared to controls (in g/m², 136 vs. 97; p < 0.01). There was a significant negative correlation between LVMI and GLS (R = -0.47; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Naive acromegalic patients presented abnormal GLS, which indicates subclinical systolic dysfunction in these patients. It has not been proven that arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus are significant determinants of abnormal GLS.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/diagnóstico por imagem , Acromegalia/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
7.
Arch Med Sci ; 15(2): 359-368, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30899288

RESUMO

Introduction: Ischaemic heart disease is the main cause of death in developed countries. There are many modifiable risk factors associated with coronary heart disease (CAD). A growing number of studies point to vitamin D deficiency as a risk factor for heart attacks and the conditions associated with cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to analyse the relationship between the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and the severity of coronary artery atherosclerosis and to study 25(OH)D levels in non-diabetic patients hospitalised due to acute coronary syndrome and those diagnosed with stable CAD. Material and methods: oronary angiography was performed prospectively in 410 successive cardiac patients. The severity of coronary artery atherosclerosis was assessed according to the Coronary Artery Surgery Study Score (CASSS). The plasma 25(OH)D level was assessed with the electrochemiluminescence method. Results: The 25(OH)D level proved to be one of the significant determinants of the CASSS (p < 0.05). In subjects without significant lesions in the coronary arteries the 25(OH)D level was significantly higher compared to patients with one- to three-vessel coronary atherosclerosis (p < 0.05). A significantly higher 25(OH)D level was noted in patients diagnosed with stable CAD compared to patients hospitalised due to acute coronary syndrome (p < 0.01). Conclusions: Patients with one- to three-vessel atherosclerosis have a significantly lower 25(OH)D level compared to patients without significant lesions in the coronary arteries. A lower 25(OH)D level was observed in patients hospitalised due to acute coronary syndrome compared to patients diagnosed with stable CAD.

8.
Front Physiol ; 9: 1495, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30405445

RESUMO

Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is a clinical tool frequently used to characterize cardiac autonomic status. The aim of this study was to establish normative values for short-term HRV parameters by considering their main determinants in school-aged children. Methods: Five-minute electrocardiograms were taken from 312 non-athlete children (153 boys) at age of 6 to 13 years for computation of conventional time- and frequency-domain HRV parameters. Heart rate (HR), respiratory rate, age, body mass index, and sex were considered as their potential determinants. Multiple regression analysis revealed that HR was the principal predictor of all standard HRV indices. To develop their universal normative limits, standard HRV parameters were corrected for prevailing HR. Results: The HRV correction for HR yielded the parameters which became independent on both sex and HR, and only poorly dependent on age (with small effect size). Normal ranges were calculated for both time- and frequency-domain indices (the latter computed with either fast Fourier transform and autoregressive method). To facilitate recalculation of standard HRV parameters into corrected ones, a calculator was created and attached as a Supplementary Material that can be downloaded and used for both research and clinical purposes. Conclusion: This study provides HRV normative values for school-aged children which have been developed independently of their major determinants. The calculator accessible in the Supplementary Material can considerably simplify determination if HRV parameters accommodate within normal limits.

9.
Int J Endocrinol ; 2018: 6935054, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30123265

RESUMO

To determine whether the echocardiographic presentation allows for diagnosis of acromegalic cardiomyopathy. 140 patients with acromegaly underwent echocardiography as part of routine diagnostics. The results were compared with the control group comprising of 52 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Patients with acromegaly presented with higher BMI, prevalence of arterial hypertension, and glucose metabolism disorders (i.e., diabetes and/or prediabetes). In patients with acromegaly, the following findings were detected: increased left atrial volume index, increased interventricular septum thickness, increased posterior wall thickness, and increased left ventricular mass index, accompanied by reduced diastolic function measured by the following parameters: E'med., E/E', and E/A. Additionally, they presented with abnormal right ventricular systolic pressure. All patients had normal systolic function measured by ejection fraction. However, the values of global longitudinal strain were slightly lower in patients than in the control group; the difference was statistically significant. There were no statistically significant differences in the size of the right and left ventricle, thickness of the right ventricular free wall, and indexed diameter of the ascending aorta between patients with acromegaly and healthy volunteers. None of 140 patients presented systolic dysfunction, which is the last phase of the so-called acromegalic cardiomyopathy. Some abnormal echocardiographic parameters found in acromegalic patients may be caused by concomitant diseases and not elevated levels of GH or IGF-1 alone. The potential role of demographic parameters like age, sex, and/or BMI requires further research.

10.
Open Med (Wars) ; 13: 22-28, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29577092

RESUMO

Background: Hand grip strength (HGS) test is commonly used as an indicator of overall muscle strength in medical and sport practices. Recently, several studies have proposed that the measurement of the maximal HGS depends on dynamometer's handle position. The aim of the present study was to identify the optimal handle position to obtain maximal HGS using the hand grip dynamometer (HGD) for school-aged children. Methods: HGS was assessed with the Jamar digital HGD. Each participant performed three maximum contractions of each hand on three handle positions progressing from first to third position. Results: A total of 135 healthy children aged 5-9 years participated in the study. Participants obtained significantly higher results using position 2 than using positions 1 or 3. The maximal mean (± SD) HGS achieved was 9.9 (± 3.1) kg with position 1, 10.4 (± 3.1) kg with position 2, and 9.0 (± 3.2) kg with position 3. Handle position 2 was the most comfortable position for 73% of participants. Conclusions: Our results provide useful methodological information indicating that the second handle position of the Jamar digital HGD is optimal to measure maximal HGS in non-athletic healthy pediatric participants aged 5-9 years.

11.
J Diabetes Res ; 2017: 3929075, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29230421

RESUMO

Several modifiable factors may influence cardiac function in diabetic patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of vitamin D level on the stage of coronary atherosclerosis in cardiac patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. The study was performed in 337 consecutive patients undergoing coronarography. The stage of atherosclerosis was evaluated using Coronary Artery Surgery Study Score. The plasma 25(OH)D concentration was determined by an electrochemiluminescence method. Patients without significant lesions in coronary arteries presented the highest 25(OH)D level, significantly higher than patients with one-, two-, and three-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) (p < 0.01). Significantly lower level of the 25(OH)D was observed in patients hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in comparison to patients hospitalized due to stable CAD (p < 0.001). Lower 25(OH)D levels were observed in patients with the history of myocardial infarction (MI) in comparison to patients without previous MI (p < 0.001). In cardiac patients with diabetes, the higher number of stenotic coronary arteries is associated with lower values of the 25(OH)D. A group of male cardiac patients with diabetes with significant stenosis in three coronary arteries, hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome, with a history of previous MI and hyperlipidemia presented the lowest vitamin D level.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Idoso , Aterosclerose/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue
12.
Front Physiol ; 7: 356, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27588006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since heart rate variability (HRV) is associated with average heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RespRate), alterations in these parameters may impose changes in HRV. Hence the repeatability of HRV measurements may be affected by differences in HR and RespRate. The study aimed to evaluate HRV repeatability and its association with changes in HR and RespRate. METHODS: Forty healthy volunteers underwent two ECG examinations 7 days apart. Standard HRV indices were calculated from 5-min ECG recordings. The ECG-derived respiration signal was estimated to assess RespRate. To investigate HR impact on HRV, HRV parameters were corrected for prevailing HR. RESULTS: Differences in HRV parameters between the measurements were associated with the changes in HR and RespRate. However, in multiple regression analysis only HR alteration proved to be independent determinant of the HRV differences-every change in HR by 1 bpm changed HRV values by 16.5% on average. After overall removal of HR impact on HRV, coefficients of variation of the HRV parameters significantly dropped on average by 26.8% (p < 0.001), i.e., by the same extent HRV reproducibility improved. Additionally, the HRV correction for HR decreased association between RespRate and HRV. CONCLUSIONS: In stable conditions, HR but not RespRate is the most powerful factor determining HRV reproducibility and even a minimal change of HR may considerably alter HRV. However, the removal of HR impact may significantly improve HRV repeatability. The association between HRV and RespRate seems to be, at least in part, HR dependent.

13.
Front Physiol ; 6: 385, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26733878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) is primarily heart rate (HR) dependent, and therefore, different HR may exert different impact on HRV. The objectives of the study were to evaluate the effect of HR on HRV in children and to determine whether HRV indices normalized to HR are sex- and age-related. METHODS: Short-term ECG recordings were performed in 346 healthy children. Standard time and frequency domain HRV parameters and HR were analyzed in four age subgroups (6-7, 8-9, 10-11, and 12-13 years old). To investigate the HR impact on HRV, standard HRV parameters were normalized to prevailing HR. RESULTS: Standard HRV measures did not differ between age subgroups, however, HR significantly decreased with subjects age and turned out to be the strongest determinant of HRV. The normalization of HRV to prevailing HR allowed to show that sex-related differences in standard HRV resulted from differences in HR between boys and girls. The normalized HRV significantly decreased with age-before the normalization this effect was masked by age-related HR alterations. CONCLUSIONS: HR significantly impacts HRV in pediatric population and turns out to be the strongest determinant of all standard HRV indices. The differences in standard HRV between boys and girls result from differences in their HR. The normalized HRV is decreasing with age in healthy children and it is accompanied by the reduction of HR-as a net result, the standard HRV is constant in children at different ages. This may reflect the maturation of the autonomic nervous system.

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