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1.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401672

RESUMO

AIMS: In the placebo-controlled, double-blind BOne marrOw transfer to enhance ST-elevation infarct regeneration (BOOST) 2 trial, intracoronary autologous bone marrow cell (BMC) transfer did not improve recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at 6 months in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and moderately reduced LVEF. Regional myocardial perfusion as determined by adenosine stress perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (S-CMR) may be more sensitive than global LVEF in detecting BMC treatment effects. Here, we sought to evaluate (i) the changes of myocardial perfusion in the infarct area over time (ii) the effects of BMC therapy on infarct perfusion, and (iii) the relation of infarct perfusion to LVEF recovery at 6 months. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 51 patients from BOOST-2 (placebo, n = 10; BMC, n = 41), S-CMR was performed 5.1 ± 2.9 days after PCI (before placebo/BMC treatment) and after 6 months. Infarct perfusion improved from baseline to 6 months in the overall patient cohort as reflected by the semi-quantitative parameters, perfusion defect-infarct size ratio (change from 0.54 ± 0.20 to 0.43 ± 0.22; P = 0.006) and perfusion defect-upslope ratio (0.54 ± 0.23 to 0.68 ± 0.22; P < 0.001), irrespective of randomised treatment. Perfusion defect-upslope ratio at baseline correlated with LVEF recovery (r = 0.62; P < 0.001) after 6 months, with a threshold of 0.54 providing the best sensitivity (79%) and specificity (74%) (area under the curve, 0.79; 95% confidence interval, 0.67-0.92). CONCLUSION: Infarct perfusion improves from baseline to 6 months and predicts LVEF recovery in STEMI patients undergoing early PCI. Intracoronary BMC therapy did not enhance infarct perfusion in the BOOST-2 trial.

2.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2018 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30520941

RESUMO

Aims: To test whether human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and subclinical cardiovascular disease (sCVD) are associated with expression of CXCR4 and other surface markers on classical, intermediate, and non-classical monocytes in women. Methods and Results: sCVD was defined as presence of atherosclerotic lesions in the carotid artery in 92 participants of the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Participants were stratified into 4 sets (n = 23 each) by HIV and sCVD status (HIV-/sCVD-, HIV-/sCVD+, HIV+/sCVD-, HIV+/sCVD+) matched by age, race/ethnicity, and smoking status. Three subsets of monocytes were determined from archived peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Flow cytometery was used to count and phenotype surface markers. We tested for differences by HIV and sCVD status accounting for multiple comparisons. We found no differences in monocyte subset size among the 4 groups. Expression of seven surface markers differed significantly across the three monocyte subsets. CXCR4 expression (median fluorescence intensity, MFI) in non-classical monocytes was highest among HIV-/CVD- (628, IQR (295-1389)), followed by HIV+/CVD- (486, IQR (248-699)), HIV-/CVD + (398, IQR (89-901)), and lowest in HIV+/CVD+ women (226, IQR (73-519)), P = 0.006 in ANOVA. After accounting for multiple comparison (Tukey) the difference between HIV-CVD- vs HIV+CVD+ remained significant with P = 0.005 (HIV-CVD- vs HIV+CVD- P = 0.04, HIV-CVD- vs HIV-CVD+ P = 0.06, HIV+CVD+ vs HIV+CVD- P = 0.88, HIV+CVD+ vs HIV-CVD+ P = 0.81, HIV+CVD- vs HIV-CVD+, P = 0.99). All pairwise comparisons with HIV-CVD- were individually significant (P = 0.050 vs HIV-CVD+, P = 0.028 vs HIV+CVD-, P = 0.009 vs HIV+CVD+). CXCR4 expression on non-classical monocytes was significantly higher in CVD- (501.5, IQR (249.5-887.3)) vs CVD + (297, IQR (81.75-626.8) individuals (P = 0.028, n = 46 per group). CXCR4 expression on non-classical monocytes significantly correlated with cardiovascular and HIV-related risk factors including systolic blood pressure, platelet and T cell counts along with duration of antiretroviral therapy (P < 0.05). In regression analyses, adjusted for education level, study site, and injection drug use, presence of HIV infection and sCVD remained significantly associated with lower CXCR4 expression on non-classical monocytes (P = 0.003), but did not differ in classical or intermediate monocytes. Conclusion: CXCR4 expression in non-classical monocytes was significantly lower among women with both HIV infection and sCVD, suggesting a potential atheroprotective role of CXCR4 in non-classical monocytes.

3.
Front Neurol ; 9: 823, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30337904

RESUMO

Background: Cardiac myxoma (CM) is the most frequent, cardiac benign tumor and is associated with enhanced risk for cerebrovascular events (CVE). Although surgical CM excision is the only curative treatment to prevent CVE recurrence, in recent reports conservative treatment with antiplatelet or anticoagulant agents in high-risk patients with CM-related CVE has been discussed. Methods: Case records at the University Hospital of Tübingen between 2005 and 2017 were screened to identify patients with CM-related CVE. Clinical features, brain and cardiac imaging findings, histological reports, applied treatments and long-term neurological outcomes were assessed. Results: 52 patients with CM were identified and among them, 13 patients with transient ischemic attack, ischemic stroke or retinal ischemia were included to the (to our knowledge) largest reported retrospective study of CM-related CVE. In all identified patients, CVE was the first manifestation of CM; 61% suffered ischemic stroke, 23% transient ischemic attack and 15% retinal ischemia. In 46% of the patients, CVE occurred under antiplatelet or anticoagulation treatment, while 23% of the patients developed recurrent CVE under bridging-antithrombotic-therapy prior to CM surgical excision. Prolonged time interval between CVE and CM-surgery was significantly associated with CVE recurrence (p = 0.021). One patient underwent i.v. thrombolysis, followed by thrombectomy, with good post-interventional outcome and no signs of hemorrhagic transformation. Discussion: Our results suggest that antiplatelet or anticoagulation treatment is no alternative to cardiac surgery in patients presenting with CM-related CVE. We found significantly prolonged time-intervals between CVE and CM surgery in patients with recurrent CVE. Therefore, we suggest that the waiting- or bridging-interval with antithrombotic therapy until curative CM excision should be kept as short as possible. Based on our data and review of the literature, we suggest that in patients with CM-related CVE, i.v. thrombolysis and/or endovascular interventions may present safe and efficacious acute treatments.

4.
Eur Heart J ; 38(39): 2936-2943, 2017 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28431003

RESUMO

Aims: Intracoronary infusion of autologous nucleated bone marrow cells (BMCs) enhanced the recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the randomised-controlled, open-label BOOST trial. We reassessed the therapeutic potential of nucleated BMCs in the randomised placebo-controlled, double-blind BOOST-2 trial conducted in 10 centres in Germany and Norway. Methods and results: Using a multiple arm design, we investigated the dose-response relationship and explored whether γ-irradiation which eliminates the clonogenic potential of stem and progenitor cells has an impact on BMC efficacy. Between 9 March 2006 and 16 July 2013, 153 patients with large STEMI were randomly assigned to receive a single intracoronary infusion of placebo (control group), high-dose (hi)BMCs, low-dose (lo)BMCs, irradiated hiBMCs, or irradiated loBMCs 8.1 ± 2.6 days after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in addition to guideline-recommended medical treatment. Change in LVEF from baseline (before cell infusion) to 6 months as determined by MRI was the primary endpoint. The trial is registered at Current Controlled Trials (ISRCTN17457407). Baseline LVEF was 45.0 ± 8.5% in the overall population. At 6 months, LVEF had increased by 3.3 percentage points in the control group and 4.3 percentage points in the hiBMC group. The estimated treatment effect was 1.0 percentage points (95% confidence interval, -2.6 to 4.7; P = 0.57). The treatment effect of loBMCs was 0.5 percentage points (-3.0 to 4.1; P = 0.76). Likewise, irradiated BMCs did not have significant treatment effects. BMC transfer was safe and not associated with adverse clinical events. Conclusion: The BOOST-2 trial does not support the use of nucleated BMCs in patients with STEMI and moderately reduced LVEF treated according to current standards of early PCI and drug therapy.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos da radiação , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Raios gama , Humanos , Infusões Intralesionais , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Células-Tronco/efeitos da radiação , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
5.
PLoS One ; 11(12): e0167616, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27930686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk stratification of patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy remains a matter of debate in the era of device implantation. OBJECTIVE: We investigated associations between histopathological findings, contrast-enhanced cardiac MRI and the inducibility of ventricular tachycardia (VT) or fibrillation (VF) in programmed ventricular stimulation. METHODS: 56 patients with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF≤50%, mean 36.6±10.5%) due to non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy underwent cardiac MRI, programmed ventricular stimulation, and endomyocardial biopsy and were retrospectively investigated. Inducibility was defined as sustained mono- or polymorphic VT or unstable VT/VF requiring cardioversion/defibrillation. Primary study endpoint was defined as the occurrence of hemodynamically relevant VT/VF and/or adequate ICD-therapy during follow-up. RESULTS: Endomyocardial biopsy detected cardiac fibrosis in 18 (32.1%) patients. Cardiac MRI revealed 35 (62.5%) patients with positive late gadolinium enhancement. VT/VF was induced in ten (17.9%) patients during programmed ventricular stimulation. Monomorphic VT was inducible in 70%, while 20% of patients showed polymorphic VT. One patient (10%) presented with VF. Inducibility correlated significantly with the presence of positive late gadolinium enhancement in cardiac MRI (p<0.01). We could not find a significant association between inducibility and the degree of cardiac inflammation and fibrosis in non-site directed routine right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy. During a mean follow-up of 2.6 years, nine (16.1%) patients reached the primary endpoint. Monomorphic VTs were found in 66.7% patients and were terminated by antitachycardia pacing therapy. One patient with polymorphic VT and two patients with VF received adequate therapy by an ICD-shock. However, inducibility did not correlate with the occurrence of endpoints. CONCLUSION: Inducibilty during programmed ventricular stimulation is associated with positive late gadolinium enhancement in cardiac MRI of patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. The presence of myocardial fibrosis or inflammation in undirected endomyocardial biopsy does not seem to be sufficient to predict future ventricular arrhythmias.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/patologia , Gadolínio/administração & dosagem , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
J Heart Valve Dis ; 24(2): 239-46, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26204693

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The long-term success of CoreValve stent prosthesis (Medtronic) implantation for severe aortic valve stenosis is limited in determination of correct aortic valve annulus. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated preinterventional cardiac 256-slice computed tomography (cardiac CT) scans and 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE) for assessment of aortic valve annulus to (i) compare both methods as well as (ii) to define predictors for annulus sizing. RESULTS: We investigated 200 consecutive patients with a mean aortic valve annulus (AA) of 24mm and a mean age of 81 years. Primarily we defined mean diameters of AA individually and grouped the different patients according to age, gender, body weight, length, surface area and body mass index. Thereby, we found statistical significant different annulus diameter in age (larger diameter when < 80 years of age), gender (male > femal), and body length (larger diameter when length > 165cm). Secondly, the multivariate analysis demonstrated that the age, the gender and the body length were additionally independent predictors for annulus size. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate the feasibility of cardiac CT and 3D TEE with no difference in the quality of the aortic valve annulus diameter determination. We describe predictors for annulus size in age, gender and body length. Conclusive, we support patient dependent parameters as age, gender and body length as predictors that must go into selection of CoreValve stent prosthesis size individually prior to implantation procedure.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Ajuste de Prótese , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Biomaterials ; 35(25): 7180-7, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24875761

RESUMO

Chemokine-induced stem cell recruitment is a promising strategy for post myocardial infarction treatment. Injection of stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1) has been shown to attract bone marrow-derived progenitor cells (BMPCs) from the blood that have the potential to differentiate into cardiovascular cells, which support angiogenesis, enabling the improvement of myocardial function. SDF1-GPVI bi-specific protein contains a glycoprotein VI (GPVI)-domain that serves as an anchor for collagen type I (Col I) and III, which are exposed in the wall of injured vasculature. In this study, we generated a cytocompatible hydrogel via photo-crosslinking of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate that serves as a reservoir for SDF1-GPVI. Controlled and sustained release of SDF1-GPVI was demonstrated over a period of 7 days. Release features were modifiable depending on the degree of the crosslinking density. Functionality of the GPVI-domain was investigated using a GPVI-binding ELISA to Col I. Activity of the SDF1-domain was tested for its CXCR4 binding potential. Preserved functionality of SDF1-GPVI bi-specific protein after photo-crosslinking and controllable release was successfully demonstrated in vitro supporting the implementation of this drug delivery system as a powerful tool for therapeutic protein delivery in the treatment of cardiovascular ischemic disease.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Hidrogéis/química , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Glicoproteínas da Membrana de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Colágeno Tipo I/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Camundongos , Receptores CXCR4/química
8.
J Cardiol ; 63(3): 189-97, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24060524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines place emphasis on the determination of aortic valve area (AVA) for defining an appropriate treatment strategy. Invasive and non-invasive modalities are used to perform planimetric [transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and cardiac multidetector computed tomography (MDCT)] and calculated [catheter examination (CE), transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)] AVA measurements. PURPOSE AND METHODS: We investigated 100 patients admitted to evaluate the AVA using cardiac MDCT (CT), TEE/TTE as well as invasive CE. RESULTS: In all 100 patients we calculated a mean AVA of 0.79±0.29cm(2) (female 50/100, 0.70±0.19cm(2), male 0.9±0.21cm(2)) determined by all investigated examinations (mean±SEM). AVA measurements determined by CT were significantly greater (0.86±0.25cm(2)) than those determined by CE: 0.75±0.18cm(2), p=0.01. Echocardiographically determined AVA was comparable to CE (statistically not significant). Similar results were seen in all patients regardless of gender, presence of atrial fibrillation, and heart rate. We calculated a mean AVA for each patient and evaluated the variance of the AVA determined through investigated specific examinations as the bias. Overall, we found for CT 0.13±0.1cm(2), CE 0.13±0.11cm(2), TEE 0.16±0.09cm(2), and for TTE 0.16±0.08cm(2) a specific statistical non-significant variance. On subgroups: sinus rhythm, atrial fibrillation, females, males or combination, we found no further significant relevance for the specific variance. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest the feasibility of cardiac MDCT to evaluate the correct AVA regardless of rhythm, heart rate, and sex. The planimetric concept to determine the AVA with CT displaces the "gold-standard" CE with respect to elucidating the potencies for complications, i.e. cerebral stroke. Regardless of CT's accessing of AVA measurement the TTE examination should remain the primary method of screening for aortic valve pathologies.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Ecocardiografia , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
Eur Radiol ; 20(3): 533-41, 2010 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19760241

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Stress perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MSPMRI) is an established technique for the assessment of myocardial perfusion. Shortcomings at 1.5 T are low signal to noise ratio (SNR) and contrast to noise ratio (CNR). One approach to overcome these shortcomings is to increase field strength and contrast concentration. The aim of our study was to investigate the diagnostic capability of high resolution MSPMRI at 3-T field strength using a 1 M contrast agent. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-seven patients (62.3 +/- 11.0 years) with symptoms of coronary artery disease (CAD) were examined at 3 T. MMRSPI was assessed using a 2D saturation recovery gradient echo (SR GRE) sequence in short axis orientation (TR 1.9 ms, TE 1.0 ms, flip 12 degrees , 0.1 mmol gadobutrol/kg body weight (bw), 140 microg adenosine/kg bw/min). Perfusion images were assessed visually and semiquantitatively (upslope, peak signal intensity (SI), and myocardial perfusion reserve index (MPRI)). Standard of reference was invasive coronary angiography. RESULTS: Stress-induced hypoperfusion was found in 43 patients. Sensitivity for hemodynamically relevant CAD (stenoses greater than 70%) was 95%/98%, specificity 80%/87%, diagnostic accuracy 91%/95% (reader 1/reader 2). The MPRI was significantly lower in hypoperfused myocardium (1.3 +/- 0.2) compared with normal myocardium (2.6 +/- 0.7). CONCLUSION: High resolution MMRSPI at 3 T using 1 M contrast agent under daily routine conditions provides reliable detection of stress-induced myocardial hypoperfusion with higher diagnostic accuracy than 1.5-T conditions.


Assuntos
Adenosina , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Compostos Organometálicos , Imagem de Perfusão/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Meios de Contraste , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia
11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 24(2): 195-200, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17541724

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using adenosine stress first pass perfusion in patients with aortic stenosis in comparison with invasive angiography. Twenty-three consecutive patients (15 male, mean age 68 +/- 12 years) with relevant aortic stenosis (aortic valve area 0.90 +/- 0.41 cm(2)) were examined by MRI (1.5 T, Philips Intera CV). Contrast-enhanced first pass perfusion was performed with adenosine stress (140 microg/kg/min) and under rest conditions. The results were compared with invasive coronary angiography with regard to the presence of a relevant coronary artery stenosis (>70%). Three of 23 patients (13%) had contraindications for adenosine administration (one patient with atrioventricular block, two patients with mild claustrophobia). In the remaining 20 patients, adenosine stress perfusion could be performed without any complications. CAD was correctly detected in eight patients and correctly ruled out in 10 of 12 patients. False-positive results were seen in two patients with severe myocardial hypertrophy. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 100%, 80%, 83%, and 100%, respectively. Adenosine stress perfusion can be performed without complications even in patients with high grade aortic stenosis. MRI is helpful to detect and rule out significant CAD in these patients. Severe myocardial hypertrophy may lead to false-positive results. Our initial results indicate that due to a high negative predictive value pre-operative invasive coronary angiography might probably be waived in patients without perfusion defects in stress MRI.


Assuntos
Adenosina , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Vasodilatadores , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia Coronária , Teste de Esforço , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Thromb Haemost ; 98(4): 798-805, 2007 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17938804

RESUMO

LIGHT (TNFSF 14) belongs to the tumor necrosis factor super-family and is expressed by different types of immune cells. Recently, LIGHT was found to be associated with platelets and released upon activation. Activation of endothelial cells by recombinant LIGHT results in pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic changes, qualitatively comparable to effects of CD40 ligand. Given the important role of platelet-associated CD40 ligand in vascular inflammatory responses we investigated the role of LIGHT for activation of endothelium and adhesion of platelets to endothelial cells. Expression of LIGHT was detected on thrombocytes upon exposure to ADP or TRAP-1. The expression of the LIGHT receptors TR2 and LTbetaR on native human endothelial cells was confirmed by FACS analysis. LIGHT mediated adhesion of platelets to endothelium significantly, occurring both under static and dynamic flow conditions. This interaction was inhibited by a monoclonal antibody to LIGHT but not a control IgG. Moreover, in-vitro stimulation of endothelial cells with recombinant soluble human LIGHT (rhLIGHT) resulted in significantly increased transcriptional and translational upregulation of inflammatory markers ICAM-1, tissue factor (TF) and IL-8. This activation of endothelial cells by LIGHT was mediated by NFkappaB activation and qualitatively comparable to that induced by membrane-bound CD40-ligand on transfected cells. Furthermore, plasma levels of patients with myocardial infarction, in those with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), showed increased plasma levels of LIGHT compared with healthy controls. In conclusion, platelet-associated LIGHT is involved in adhesion of platelets to endothelium while soluble LIGHT induces a pro-inflammatory state in vascular endothelial cells. LIGHT may thus be implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndrome, as evidenced by serum levels.


Assuntos
Endotélio Vascular/citologia , Membro 14 da Superfamília de Ligantes de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/fisiologia , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Ligante de CD40/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Separação Celular , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Adesividade Plaquetária , Ligação Proteica , Membro 14 da Superfamília de Ligantes de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo
13.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 25(6): 1136-40, 2007 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17520717

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate acute changes in atrial and ventricular parameters by the use of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with percutaneous transcatheter atrial septal defects (ASD) closure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 14 patients (six males and eight females, 45 +/- 18 years) with congenital ASD. Cardiac MRI (1.5T Philips Intera CV) was performed before and within 24 hours after transcatheter ASD closure. Right atrial (RA) and left atrial (LA) dimensions, as well as right (RV) and left (LV) ventricular end-diastolic (ED) volumes were determined. Atrial size was assessed by planimetry of the maximum RA and LA areas in a standard four-chamber view, and ventricular volumes were calculated according to a modified Simpson's rule in short-axis views. RESULTS: The mean RA decreased significantly from 27.6 +/- 6.4 cm(2) before closure to 24.4 +/- 5.6 cm(2) after the procedure (P = 0.0018), whereas the LA area did not change (24.1 +/- 4.7 cm(2) vs. 23.8 +/- 5.2 cm(2), P = 0.76). The RV volumes, volume index, and ejection fraction (EF) decreased significantly from 229 +/- 64 mL to 181 +/- 43 mL (P < 0.001, average reduction = 19% +/- 15%), from 126.0 +/- 37.2 mL/m(2) to 96.6 +/- 28.6 mL/m(2) (P < 0.0001) and from 64 +/- 5% to 58% +/- 7% (P = 0.01), respectively. The LV volumes and volume index remained unchanged (114 +/- 25 mL vs. 118 +/- 22 mL, P = 0.18, 63.5 +/- 13.5 mL/m(2) vs. 63.0 +/- 17.4 mL/m(2), P = 0.83). Left-right shunting decreased from 40% +/- 15% to 9% +/- 15% (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Cardiac MRI can reveal detailed information on acute changes in shunt fraction and ventricular dimensions after ASD closure. ASD closure by percutaneous transcatheter device implantation results within 24 hours in a significant reduction of shunt fraction, RA and RV sizes, and RV function, whereas LA and LV dimensions remain unchanged.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interatrial/terapia , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Comunicação Interatrial/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Função Ventricular
14.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 8(6): 825-9, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17060105

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the geometry and area of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) in non-stenotic and stenotic aortic valves and to determine the aortic valve area (AVA) in non-stenotic valves by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a modified continuity equation. METHODS: Twenty patients (10 male, mean age 54.8 +/- 15 years) without known aortic valve disease and 10 patients (7 male, mean age 65.1 +/- 14 years) with moderate to severe aortic stenosis were included in this study. MRI was performed using a 1.5 T scanner (Philips Intera CV). AVA was assessed by planimetry on high quality SSFP cine sequences and used as reference standard. LVOT area was defined by calculating a circular area using the LVOT diameter from the 3 chamber view (3CV) and by planimetry. Peak flow velocity was assessed in the LVOT and the proximal aorta. AVA was calculated by a modified Gorlin equation, the continuity equation and a modified continuity equation using the planimetric LVOT area. RESULTS: Planimetric AVA ranged from 2.9 to 6.4 cm2 in patients with non-stenotic and from 0.3 to 1.3 cm2 with stenotic valves, LVOT area from 3.4 to 6.1 cm2 and from 2.6 to 6.5 cm2, respectively. The LVOT area based on the LVOT diameter derived from the 3CV was significantly underestimated in comparison to planimetry in non-stenotic and stenotic aortic valves (3.3 +/- 0.7 vs. 4.7 +/- 1.0 cm2, p < 0.0001; mean difference 1.1 +/- 0.12 cm2, CI 0.86-1.36 and 3.7 +/- 1.2 vs. 4.7 +/- 1.5 cm2, p < 0.05; mean difference 1.0 +/- 1.0 cm2, CI 0.24-1.71). The Gorlin formula showed a poor agreement with planimetry, whereas continuity equation and the modified continuity equation revealed a very good agreement. Planimetry of the LVOT displayed an elliptic shape of the LVOT in all patients with the minimum diameter perpendicular to the 3CV, which was the reason for the above mentioned underestimation. CONCLUSION: The LVOT area calculated from the 3CV-LVOT diameter underestimates the LVOT area compared to planimetry due to an elliptic shape of the LVOT in patients with non-stenotic as well as with stenotic aortic valves. The modified Gorlin equation proved to be less useful to assess AVA in non-stenotic valves, whereas the continuity equation and a modified continuity equation displayed a very good agreement with planimetric area measurements.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/anatomia & histologia , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/anatomia & histologia , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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