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1.
Nano Lett ; 20(1): 314-319, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851824

RESUMO

Quantum dots inserted in semiconducting nanowires are an interesting platform for the fabrication of single photon devices. To fully understand the physical properties of these objects, we need to correlate the optical, transport, and structural properties on the same nanostructure. In this work, we study the spectral tunability of the emission of a single quantum dot in a GaN nanowire by applying external bias. The nanowires are dispersed and contacted on electron beam transparent Si3N4 membranes, so that transmission electron microscopy observations, photocurrent, and micro-photoluminescence measurements under bias can be performed on the same specimen. The emission from a single dot blue or red shifts when the external electric field compensates or enhances the internal electric field generated by the spontaneous and piezoelectric polarization. A detailed study of two nanowire specimens emitting at 327.5 and 307.5 nm shows spectral shifts at rates of 20 and 12 meV/V, respectively. Theoretical calculations facilitated by the modeling of the exact heterostructure provide a good description of the experimental observations. When the bias-induced band bending is strong enough to favor tunneling of the electron in the dot toward the stem or the cap, the spectral shift saturates and additional transitions associated with charged excitons can be observed.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 18095, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792272

RESUMO

On-chip microlaser sources in the blue constitute an important building block for complex integrated photonic circuits on silicon. We have developed photonic circuits operating in the blue spectral range based on microdisks and bus waveguides in III-nitride on silicon. We report on the interplay between microdisk-waveguide coupling and its optical properties. We observe critical coupling and phase matching, i.e. the most efficient energy transfer scheme, for very short gap sizes and thin waveguides (g = 45 nm and w = 170 nm) in the spontaneous emission regime. Whispering gallery mode lasing is demonstrated for a wide range of parameters with a strong dependence of the threshold on the loaded quality factor. We show the dependence and high sensitivity of the output signal on the coupling. Lastly, we observe the impact of processing on the tuning of mode resonances due to the very short coupling distances. Such small footprint on-chip integrated microlasers providing maximum energy transfer into a photonic circuit have important potential applications for visible-light communication and lab-on-chip bio-sensors.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(22): 18857-18862, 2018 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29745232

RESUMO

Hybrid systems based on the combination of crystalline bulk semiconductors with 2D crystals are identified as promising heterogeneous structures for new optoelectronic applications. The direct integration of III-V semiconductors on 2D materials is very attractive to make practical devices but the preservation of the intrinsic properties of the underlying 2D materials remains a challenge. In this work, we study the direct epitaxy of self-organized GaN crystals on graphene. We demonstrate that severe metal-organic chemical vapor deposition growth conditions of GaN (chemically aggressive precursors and high temperatures) are not detrimental to the structural quality and the charge carrier mobility of the graphene base plane. Graphene can therefore be used both as an efficient sensitive material and as a substrate for GaN epitaxy to make a self-assembled UV photodetector. A responsivity as high as 2 A W-1 is measured in the UV-A range without any further postprocessing compared to simple deposition of contact electrodes. Our study opens the way to build new self-assembled 2D/III-V hybrid optoelectronic devices by direct epitaxy.

4.
Nanotechnology ; 29(25): 255204, 2018 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29558360

RESUMO

Nanowire photodetectors are investigated because of their compatibility with flexible electronics, or for the implementation of on-chip optical interconnects. Such devices are characterized by ultrahigh photocurrent gain, but their photoresponse scales sublinearly with the optical power. Here, we present a study of single-nanowire photodetectors displaying a linear response to ultraviolet illumination. Their structure consists of a GaN nanowire incorporating an AlN/GaN/AlN heterostructure, which generates an internal electric field. The activity of the heterostructure is confirmed by the rectifying behavior of the current-voltage characteristics in the dark, as well as by the asymmetry of the photoresponse in magnitude and linearity. Under reverse bias (negative bias on the GaN cap segment), the detectors behave linearly with the impinging optical power when the nanowire diameter is below a certain threshold (≈80 nm), which corresponds to the total depletion of the nanowire stem due to the Fermi level pinning at the sidewalls. In the case of nanowires that are only partially depleted, their nonlinearity is explained by a nonlinear variation of the diameter of their central conducting channel under illumination.

5.
Nano Lett ; 17(7): 4231-4239, 2017 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28613893

RESUMO

We present a study of GaN single-nanowire ultraviolet photodetectors with an embedded GaN/AlN superlattice. The heterostructure dimensions and doping profile were designed in such a way that the application of positive or negative bias leads to an enhancement of the collection of photogenerated carriers from the GaN/AlN superlattice or from the GaN base, respectively, as confirmed by electron beam-induced current measurements. The devices display enhanced response in the ultraviolet A (≈ 330-360 nm)/B (≈ 280-330 nm) spectral windows under positive/negative bias. The result is explained by correlation of the photocurrent measurements with scanning transmission electron microscopy observations of the same single nanowire and semiclassical simulations of the strain and band structure in one and three dimensions.

6.
Nano Lett ; 17(6): 3347-3355, 2017 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28441498

RESUMO

Thin-wall tubes composed of nitride semiconductors (III-N compounds) based on GaN/InAlN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) are fabricated by metal-organic vapor-phase epitaxy in a simple and full III-N approach. The synthesis of such MQW-tubes is based on the growth of N-polar c-axis vertical GaN wires surrounded by a core-shell MQW heterostructure followed by in situ selective etching using controlled H2/NH3 annealing at 1010 °C to remove the inner GaN wire part. After this process, well-defined MQW-based tubes having nonpolar m-plane orientation exhibit UV light near 330 nm up to room temperature, consistent with the emission of GaN/InAlN MQWs. Partially etched tubes reveal a quantum-dotlike signature originating from nanosized GaN residuals present inside the tubes. The possibility to fabricate in a simple way thin-wall III-N tubes composed of an embedded MQW-based active region offering controllable optical emission properties constitutes an important step forward to develop new nitride devices such as emitters, detectors or sensors based on tubelike nanostructures.

7.
Nanotechnology ; 27(19): 195704, 2016 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27041669

RESUMO

The structural and optical properties of axial GaN/InGaN/GaN nanowire heterostructures with high InN molar fractions grown by molecular beam epitaxy have been studied at the nanoscale by a combination of electron microscopy, extended x-ray absorption fine structure and nano-cathodoluminescence techniques. InN molar fractions up to 50% have been successfully incorporated without extended defects, as evidence of nanowire potentialities for practical device realisation in such a composition range. Taking advantage of the N-polarity of the self-nucleated GaN NWs grown by molecular beam epitaxy on Si(111), the N-polar InGaN stability temperature diagram has been experimentally determined and found to extend to a higher temperature than its metal-polar counterpart. Furthermore, annealing of GaN-capped InGaN NWs up to 800 °C has been found to result in a 20 times increase of photoluminescence intensity, which is assigned to point defect curing.

8.
Nano Lett ; 8(7): 2092-6, 2008 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18510368

RESUMO

We present a microphotoluminescence study of single GaN/AlN quantum dots embedded in single nanowires. At low excitation power, single exciton lines with full width at half-maximum as narrow as 1 meV are observed. The study of the excitation power dependence of the emission allows us to identify the biexciton transitions with binding energies ranging from 20 to 40 meV.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/química , Gálio/química , Luminescência , Nanofios/química , Pontos Quânticos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nanofios/ultraestrutura , Análise Espectral
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