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1.
Invest New Drugs ; 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981275

RESUMO

Background One of the main challenges in the clinical treatment of lung cancer is resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated drug resistance is the main obstacle to successfully implementing microtubule-targeted tumor chemotherapy. Purpose In this study, we explored the effect of Ad-hTERTp-E1a-Apoptin (Ad-VT) on drug-resistant cell lines and the molecular mechanism by which Ad-VT combined with chemotherapy affects drug-resistant cells and parental cells. Methods In vitro, cell proliferation, colony formation, resistance index (RI), apoptosis and autophagy assays were performed. Protein expression was analyzed by Western blotting. Finally, a xenograft tumor model in nude mice was used to detect tumor growth and evaluate histological characteristics. Results Our results showed that Ad-VT had an obvious killing effect on A549, A549/GEM and A549/Paclitaxel cancer cells, and the sensitivity of drug-resistant cell lines to Ad-VT was significantly higher than that of parental A549 cells. Compared with A549 cells, A549/GEM and A549/Paclitaxel cells had higher autophagy levels and higher viral replication ability. Ad-VT decreased the levels of p-PI3k, p-Akt and p-mTOR and the expression of P-gp. In vivo, Ad-VT combined with chemotherapy can effectively inhibit the growth of chemotherapy-resistant tumors and prolong the survival of mice. Conclusions Thus, the combination of Ad-VT and chemotherapeutic drugs will be a promising strategy to overcome chemoresistance.

2.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(2): 717-730, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35002520

RESUMO

Apoptin is a small molecular weight protein encoded by the VP3 gene of chicken anemia virus (CAV). It can induce apoptosis of tumor cells and play anti-tumorigenic functions. In this study, we identified a time-dependent inhibitory role of apoptin on the viability of HCT116 cells. We also demonstrated that apoptin induces pyroptosis through cleaved caspase 3, and with a concomitant cleavage of gasdermin E (GSDME) rather than GSDMD. GSDME knockdown switched the apoptin-induced cell death from pyroptosis to apoptosis in vitro. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the effect of apoptin on GSDME-dependent pyroptosis could be mitigated by caspase-3 and caspase-9 siRNA knockdown. Additionally, apoptin enhanced the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), causing aggregation of the mitochondrial membrane protein Tom20. Moreover, bax and cytochrome c were released to the activating caspase-9, eventually triggering pyroptosis. Therefore, GSDME mediates the apoptin-induced pyroptosis through the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Finally, using nude mice xenografted with HCT116 cells, we found that apoptin induces pyroptosis and significantly inhibits tumor growth. Based on this mechanism, apoptin may provide a new strategy for colorectal cancer therapy.

3.
Talanta ; 236: 122847, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635237

RESUMO

Nucleocapsid protein (N protein) is the most abundant protein in SARS-CoV2 and is highly conserved, and there are no homologous proteins in the human body, making it an ideal biomarker for the early diagnosis of SARS-CoV2. However, early detection of clinical specimens for SARS-CoV2 remains a challenge due to false-negative results with viral RNA and host antibodies based testing. In this manuscript, a microfluidic chip with femtoliter-sized wells was fabricated for the sensitive digital detection of N protein. Briefly, ß-galactosidase (ß-Gal)-linked antibody/N protein/aptamer immunocomplexes were formed on magnetic beads (MBs). Afterwards, the MBs and ß-Gal substrate fluorescein-di-ß-d-galactopyranoside (FDG) were injected into the chip together. Each well of the chip would only hold one MB as confined by the diameter of the wells. The MBs in the wells were sealed by fluorocarbon oil, which confines the fluorescent (FL) product generated from the reaction between ß-Gal and FDG in the individual femtoliter-sized well and creates a locally high concentration of the FL product. The FL images of the wells were acquired using a conventional inverted FL microscope. The number of FL wells with MBs (FL wells number) and the number of wells with MBs (MBs wells number) were counted, respectively. The percentage of FL wells was calculated by dividing (FL wells number) by (MBs wells number). The higher the percentage of FL wells, the higher the N protein concentration. The detection limit of this digital method for N protein was 33.28 pg/mL, which was 300 times lower than traditional double-antibody sandwich based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).


Assuntos
Imunoensaio/métodos , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo , SARS-CoV-2 , Anticorpos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Humanos , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/isolamento & purificação , RNA Viral
4.
Fitoterapia ; 156: 105071, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743931

RESUMO

Adhesion of monocytes to endothelial cells is an important initiating step in atherogenesis. One of the most abundant flavonoids in the diet, quercetin has been reported to inhibit monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells. However, it is poorly absorbed in the upper gastrointestinal tract during oral intake but rather is metabolized by the intestinal microbiota into various phenolic acids. Since the biological properties of the microbial metabolites of quercetin remain largely unknown, herein, we investigated how the microbial metabolite of quercetin, 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid (3HPPA) impact monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells. Direct treatment with 3HPPA for 24 h was not cytotoxic to human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). Cotreatment with 3HPPA inhibited tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα)-induced adhesion of THP-1 monocytes to HAECs, and suppressed the upregulation of cell adhesion molecule E-selectin but not intercellular adhesion molecule 1 or vascular cell adhesion molecule 1. Furthermore, 3HPPA was found to inhibit TNFα-induced nuclear translocation and phosphorylation of the p65 subunit of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). We conclude that 3HPPA mitigates the adhesion of monocytes to endothelial cells by suppressing the expression of the cell adhesion molecule E-selectin in HAECs via inhibition of the NF-κB pathway, providing additional evidence for the health benefits of dietary flavonoids and their microbial metabolites as therapeutic agents in atherosclerosis.

5.
Adv Mater ; : e2102562, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643001

RESUMO

Optoelectronic science and 2D nanomaterial technologies are currently at the forefront of multidisciplinary research and have numerous applications in electronics and photonics. The unique energy and optically induced interfacial electron transfer in these nanomaterials, enabled by their relative band alignment characteristics, can provide important therapeutic modalities for healthcare. Given that nano-heterostructures can facilitate photoinduced electron-hole separation and enhance generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), 2D nano-heterostructure-based photosensitizers can provide a major advancement in photodynamic therapy (PDT), to overcome the current limitations in hypoxic tumor microenvironments. Herein, a bismuthene/bismuth oxide (Bi/BiOx)-based lateral nano-heterostructure synthesized using a regioselective oxidation process is introduced, which, upon irradiation at 660 nm, effectively generates 1 O2 under normoxia but produces cytotoxic •OH and H2 under hypoxia, which synergistically enhances PDT. Furthermore, this Bi/BiOx nano-heterostructure is biocompatible and biodegradable, and, with the surface molecular engineering used here, it improves tumor tissue penetration and increases cellular uptake during in vitro and in vivo experiments, yielding excellent oxygen-independent tumor ablation with 660 nm irradiation, when compared with traditional PDT agents.

6.
J Virol ; 95(24): e0153721, 2021 11 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550769

RESUMO

Autophagy is thought to be involved in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. However, how SARS-CoV-2 interferes with the autophagic pathway and whether autophagy contributes to virus infection in vivo is unclear. In this study, we identified SARS-CoV-2-triggered autophagy in animal models, including the long-tailed or crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis), human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE2) transgenic mice, and xenografted human lung tissues. In Vero E6 and Huh-7 cells, SARS-CoV-2 induces autophagosome formation, accompanied by consistent autophagic events, including inhibition of the Akt-mTOR pathway and activation of the ULK-1-Atg13 and VPS34-VPS15-Beclin1 complexes, but it blocks autophagosome-lysosome fusion. Modulation of autophagic elements, including the VPS34 complex and Atg14, but not Atg5, inhibits SARS-CoV-2 replication. Moreover, this study represents the first to demonstrate that the mouse bearing xenografted human lung tissue is a suitable model for SARS-CoV-2 infection and that autophagy inhibition suppresses SARS-CoV-2 replication and ameliorates virus-associated pneumonia in human lung tissues. We also observed a critical role of autophagy in SARS-CoV-2 infection in an hACE2 transgenic mouse model. This study, therefore, gives insights into the mechanisms by which SARS-CoV-2 manipulates autophagosome formation, and we suggest that autophagy-inhibiting agents might be useful as therapeutic agents against SARS-CoV-2 infection. IMPORTANCE Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused a global pandemic with limited therapeutics. Insights into the virus-host interactions contribute substantially to the development of anti-SARS-CoV-2 therapeutics. The novelty of this study is the use of a new animal model: mice xenografted with human lung tissues. Using a combination of in vitro and in vivo studies, we have obtained experimental evidence that induction of autophagy contributes to SARS-CoV-2 infection and improves our understanding of potential therapeutic targets for SARS-CoV-2.

7.
Invest New Drugs ; 39(4): 949-960, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534026

RESUMO

As a potential cancer therapy, we developed a recombinant adenovirus named Ad-VT, which was designed to express the apoptosis-inducing gene (apoptin) and selectively replicate in cancer cells via E1a manipulation. However, how it performs in bladder cancer remains unclear. We examined the antitumor efficacy of Ad-VT in bladder cancers using CCK-8 assays and xenograft models. Autophagy levels were evaluated by western blotting, MDC staining, and RFP-GFP-LC3 aggregates' analyses. Here, we report the selective replication and antitumor efficacy (viability inhibition and apoptosis induction) of Ad-VT in bladder cancer cells. Using xenograft tumor models, we demonstrate that its effects are tumor specific resulting in the inhibition of tumor growth and improvement of the survival of mice models. Most Importantly, Ad-VT induced a complete autophagy flux leading to autophagic cancer cell death through a signaling pathway involving AMPK, raptor and mTOR. Finally, we suggest that treatment combination of Ad-VT and rapamycin results in a synergistic improvement of tumor control and survival compared to monotherapy. This study suggests that Ad-VT can induce selective autophagic antitumor activities in bladder cancer through the AMPK-Raptor-mTOR pathway, which can be further improved by rapamycin.

8.
Virol J ; 18(1): 46, 2021 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33639976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by SARS-CoV-2 and broke out as a global pandemic in late 2019. The acidic pH environment of endosomes is believed to be essential for SARS-CoV-2 to be able to enter cells and begin replication. However, the clinical use of endosomal acidification inhibitors, typically chloroquine, has been controversial with this respect. METHODS: In this study, RT-qPCR method was used to detect the SARS-CoV-2N gene to evaluate viral replication. The CCK-8 assay was also used to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of SARS-CoV-2. In situ hybridization was used to examine the distribution of the SARS-CoV-2 gene in lung tissues. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was also used to evaluate virus-associated pathological changes in lung tissues. RESULTS: In this study, analysis showed that endosomal acidification inhibitors, including chloroquine, bafilomycin A1 and NH4CL, significantly reduced the viral yields of SARS-CoV-2 in Vero E6, Huh-7 and 293T-ACE2 cells. Chloroquine and bafilomycin A1 also improved the viability and proliferation of Vero E6 cells after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Moreover, in the hACE2 transgenic mice model of SARS-CoV-2 infection, chloroquine and bafilomycin A1 reduced viral replication in lung tissues and alleviated viral pneumonia with reduced inflammatory exudation and infiltration in peribronchiolar and perivascular tissues, as well as improved structures of alveolar septum and pulmonary alveoli. CONCLUSIONS: Our research investigated the antiviral effects of endosomal acidification inhibitors against SARS-CoV-2 in several infection models and provides an experimental basis for further mechanistic studies and drug development.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/virologia , Endossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloreto de Amônio/farmacologia , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Animais , COVID-19/metabolismo , COVID-19/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Chlorocebus aethiops , Cloroquina/farmacologia , Endossomos/metabolismo , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Pulmão/patologia , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Distribuição Aleatória , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Células Vero
9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 7(17): 2000940, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32995123

RESUMO

The circulating tumor cell (CTC) count is closely related to cancer recurrence and metastasis. The technology that can in vivo destroy CTCs may bring great benefits to patients, which is an urgent clinical demand. Here, a minimally invasive therapeutic intravenous catheter for in vivo enriching and photothermal killing of CTCs is developed. The surface of catheter is modified with anti-EpCAM antibody and the interior is filled with black phosphorus nanosheets (BPNSs). CTCs in the peripheral blood are captured by the catheter continually with the aid of circulation. The captured CTCs are used for downstream analyses or in vivo eliminated by the near-infrared (NIR) photothermal effect of BPNSs. A capture efficiency of 2.1% is obtained during the 5 min of treatment, and 100% of the captured CTCs are killed by following NIR light irradiation in both an in vitro closed-loop circulation system and an in vivo rabbit model. This cost-effective modality for lowering the CTCs burden can be a good supplement to traditional therapies, which holds great promise as an effective clinical intervention for cancer patients.

10.
Nanoscale ; 12(38): 19939-19952, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991664

RESUMO

Tumor vaccines are a promising form of cancer immunotherapy, but difficulties such as neo-antigen identification, activation of immune cells, and tumor infiltration prevent their clinical breakthrough. Interestingly, nanotechnology-based photothermal therapy (PTT) has great potential to overcome these barriers. Previous studies have shown that serum exosomes (hEX) from hyperthermia-treated tumor-bearing mice displayed an array of patient-specific tumor-associated antigens (TAAs), and strong immunoregulatory abilities in promoting dendritic cell (DC) differentiation and maturation. Here, we developed a tumor vaccine (hEX@BP) by encapsulating black phosphorus quantum dots (BPQDs) with exosomes (hEX) against a murine subcutaneous lung cancer model. In comparison with BPQDs alone (BP), hEX@BP demonstrated better long-term PTT performance, greater elevation of tumor temperature and tumor targeting efficacy in vivo. Vaccination with hEX@BP in combination with PTT further demonstrated an outstanding therapeutic efficacy against established lung cancer, and promoted the infiltration of T lymphocytes into the tumor tissue. Our findings demonstrated that hEX@BP might be an innovative cancer photo-nanovaccine that offers effective immuno-PTT against cancers.


Assuntos
Vacinas Anticâncer , Exossomos , Nanopartículas , Animais , Células Dendríticas , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Camundongos , Fósforo
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(97): 13718-13721, 2018 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30452026

RESUMO

A novel lateral flow biosensor for rapid detection of Pb2+ was established for the first time based on Pb2+-induced G-quadruplex structure-switching. Semi-quantitative results could be read by reference to a colorimetric card. The whole process only took 15 minutes with a visual detection limit of 25 nM.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Quadruplex G , Chumbo/análise , Íons/análise
12.
Anal Chem ; 86(13): 6387-92, 2014 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24950121

RESUMO

G-quadruplex-forming sequence can be formed through a copper(I) ion (Cu(+))-catalyzed click chemistry between azide- and alkyne-modified short G-rich sequences in aqueous solution, eliminating immobilization and washing steps of conventional assays. The source for Cu(+) was generated from the reduction of Cu(2+) with the reductant of sodium ascorbate. In the presence of hemin and K(+), the self-assembly of hemin/G-quadruplex structure has the activity of horseradish peroxidase (HRP), which can catalyze its colorless substrate tetrazmethyl benzidine (TMB) into a colored product. Hence, the concentration of Cu(2+) can be evaluated visually for qualitative analysis according to the color change of the solution, and the optical density (OD) value of the resulting solution at 450 nm was also recorded using a microplate reader for quantitative analysis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Cobre/análise , Cobre/sangue , DNA Catalítico/química , Água Potável/análise , Hemina/química , Alcinos/química , Azidas/química , Sequência de Bases , Cátions Bivalentes/análise , Cátions Bivalentes/sangue , Química Click , Colorimetria/métodos , Quadruplex G , Peroxidase do Rábano Silvestre/química , Humanos , Limite de Detecção
14.
Anal Chim Acta ; 804: 235-9, 2013 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24267087

RESUMO

Polymerase-free and label-free strategies for DNA detection have shown excellent sensitivity and specificity in various biological samples. Herein, we propose a method for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection by using self-assembled DNA concatemers. Capture probes, bound to magnetic beads, can joint mediator probes by T4 DNA ligase in the presence of target DNA that is complementary to the capture probe and mediator probe. The mediator probes trigger self-assembly of two auxiliary probes on magnetic beads to form DNA concatemers. Separated by a magnetic rack, the double-stranded concatemers on beads can recruit a great amount of SYBR Green I and eventually result in amplified fluorescent signals. In comparison with reported methods for SNP detection, the concatemer-based approach has significant advantages of low background, simplicity, and ultrasensitivity, making it as a convenient platform for clinical applications. As a proof of concept, BRAF(T1799A) oncogene mutation, a SNP involved in diverse human cancers, was used as a model target. The developed approach using a fluorescent intercalator can detect as low as 0.1 fM target BRAF(T1799A) DNA, which is better than those previously published methods for SNP detection. This method is robust and can be used directly to measure the BRAF(T1799A) DNA in complex human serum with excellent recovery (94-103%). It is expected that this assay principle can be directed toward other SNP genes by simply changing the mediator probe and auxiliary probes.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Cor , Colorimetria , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Limite de Detecção , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Padrões de Referência
15.
Analyst ; 138(23): 7182-7, 2013 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24126460

RESUMO

We demonstrated a new spectrophotometric DNA detection approach based on a circular strand-displacement polymerization reaction for the quantitative detection of sequence specific DNA. In this assay, the hybridization of an immobilized hairpin probe on the microtiter plate, to target DNA, results in a conformational change and leads to a stem separation. A short primer thus anneals with the open stem and triggers a polymerization reaction, allowing a cyclic reaction comprising the release of target DNA and hybridization of the target with the remaining immobilized hairpin probe. Through this cyclical process, a large number of duplex DNA complexes are produced. Finally, the biotin modified duplex DNA products can be detected via the HRP catalyzed substrate 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine using a spectrophotometer. As a proof of concept, a short DNA sequence (20-nt) related to the South East Asia (SEA) type deletion of α-thalassemia was chosen as the model target. This proposed assay has a very high sensitivity and selectivity with a dynamic response ranging from 0.1 fM to 10 nM and the detection limit was 8 aM. It can be performed within 2 hours, and it can differentiate target SEA DNA from wild-type DNA. By substituting the hairpin probes used in the present work, this assay can be used to detect other subtypes of genetic disorders.


Assuntos
Bioensaio/métodos , DNA/análise , Polímeros/química , Sequência de Bases , Biocatálise , Primers do DNA , Limite de Detecção , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Anal Chem ; 85(19): 9343-9, 2013 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23978305

RESUMO

Histone methylation is a crucial epigenetic modification of chromosomes. In this work, we describe an enhanced strip biosensor using oligonucleotide-functionalized gold nanoparticles as an enhancer probe (AuNP-DNA) for rapid and sensitive detection of histone methylation. In conventional strip biosensor, methylated histone is captured on the test zone through the formation of antibody/methylated histone/antibody-labeled AuNP sandwich structures. Whereas, in the enhanced strip biosensor, the AuNPs in the sandwich structures are dual labeled with an antibody and another oligonucleotide (c-DNA). The sequence of the c-DNA is complementary to the oligonucleotide on the enhancer probe. The enhancer probe, AuNP-DNA, hybridizes with the c-DNA on the dual labeled AuNPs, and the color intensity of the red band on the test zone is then enhanced dramatically. The enhanced strip biosensor has been used for the visual detection of trimethylated lysine 9 of histone H3 (H3K9me3) in 20 ng of histone extract from HeLa cells within 15 min. The detection limit is 10-fold and 15-fold lower than the conventional strip biosensor and Western blot, respectively.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Histonas/metabolismo , Western Blotting , DNA/química , Ouro/química , Células HeLa , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Metilação
17.
Analyst ; 138(17): 4737-40, 2013 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23814784

RESUMO

An enzyme-free and label-free fluorescence turn on biosensor for amplified copper(II) ion (Cu(2+)) detection has been constructed based on self-assembled DNA concatamers and Sybr Green I. This assay is simple, inexpensive and sensitive, enabling quantitative detection of as low as 12.8 pM Cu(2+).


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Cobre/análise , DNA/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Sequência de Bases , Benzotiazóis , Cobre/química , DNA/genética , Diaminas , Quinolinas , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
18.
Analyst ; 137(18): 4127-30, 2012 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22846872

RESUMO

A double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) mediated sandwich assay was developed for quantitative detection of transcription factors. The detection limit for human recombinant c-jun protein is 2.5 ng, and for c-jun protein the limit is as low as 0.625 µg of cell lysate.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Sonda Molecular , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-jun/análise , Fatores de Transcrição/análise , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , DNA , Células HeLa , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 48(68): 8547-9, 2012 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22810628

RESUMO

A lateral flow biosensor for detection of single nucleotide polymorphism based on circular strand displacement reaction (CSDPR) has been developed. Taking advantage of high fidelity of T4 DNA ligase, signal amplification by CSDPR, and the optical properties of gold nanoparticles, this assay has reached a detection limit of 0.01 fM.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA/análise , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , DNA Ligases/metabolismo , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico
20.
Analyst ; 137(9): 2032-5, 2012 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22421955

RESUMO

In this work, we describe a simple colorimetric method to detect DNA methylation. Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) with a small CpG region containing methylated cytosine (methylated APC) was synthesized and tested. Methylated APC was first captured and enriched by anti-5-methylcytosine monoclonal antibody conjugated magnetic microspheres (MMPs). Then a probe partly complementary to the APC sequence was added, resulting in the formation of DNA duplexes. The microsphere-captured probe was then released by heat denaturation and added into unmodified gold nanoparticle (AuNP) solution. Colorimetric detection was performed by salt-induced aggregation. The limit of detection is 80 fmol. Semi-quantitative analysis was done with a UV/Vis spectrophotometer by recording the absorbance of AuNP solution at 520 nm. Thus, this method provides a simple, rapid and quantitative tool for DNA methylation detection.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Colorimetria/métodos , Metilação de DNA , Proteína da Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/genética , Proteína da Polipose Adenomatosa do Colo/metabolismo , Adsorção , Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Ilhas de CpG/genética , DNA de Cadeia Simples/química , DNA de Cadeia Simples/metabolismo , Estudos de Viabilidade , Ouro/química , Imãs/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Microesferas
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